Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 12, 2017
Scientists find a way to pack grains and drugs most efficiently
Scientists have discovered a way to solve a problem that has baffled humans for so long it is mentioned in the Bible: achieving the most efficient packing of objects such as grains and pharmaceutical drugs.

New lung 'organoids' in a dish mimic features of full-size lung
New lung 'organoids' -- tiny 3-D structures that mimic features of a full-sized lung -- have been created from human pluripotent stem cells by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC).

Lifting your spirits doesn't require many reps
Engaging in light or moderate physical activity such as taking a walk or going for a bike ride is the best way for normally inactive people to beat the blues and improve their sense of well-being, according to a University of Connecticut study.

What goes down, must come up: Stirring things up in the Earth's mantle
University of Leicester researcher leads study into convection patterns of Earth's mantle.

Next-gen solar cells could be improved by atomic-scale redesign
Researchers have uncovered the exact mechanism that causes new solar cells to break down in air, paving the way for a solution.

Hubble catches a galaxy duo by the 'hare'
This image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope shows the unusual galaxy IRAS 06076-2139, found in the constellation Lepus (The Hare).

Stress-mitigation interventions for parents did not lessen symptoms among kids with asthma
A $2.2 million, first-of-its kind randomized study found no differences between kids with asthma who received standard care based on National Institutes of Health guidelines compared with kids whose parents received stress-mitigation techniques in addition to evidence-based asthma care.

Birds choose their neighbors based on personality
Birds of a feather nest together, according to a new study which has found that male great tits (Parus major) choose neighbours with similar personalities to their own.

Analysis looks at role type of valve plays in patient outcomes post-TAVR
Results from 'Impact of valve design and bivalirudin vs. unfractionated heparin for anticoagulation in transcatheter aortic valve replacement: Results from the BRAVO-3 trial' were presented today as a late-breaking clinical trial at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 2017 Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.

Rice U.'s Yellow River formula addresses flood risk, sustainability
Rice University geologists studying China's Yellow River have created a new tool that could help Chinese engineers and river managerial officials better predict and prevent the river's all-too-frequent floods, which threaten as many as 80 million people.

Smartphones in the ER can help discharge patients faster
Chest pain patients in the emergency department whose attending emergency physicians received lab results delivered direct to their smartphones spent about 26 minutes less waiting to be discharged than patients whose lab results were delivered to the electronic patient record on the hospital computer system.

Study analyzes foods for radioactive substances
In cooperation with the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) is to analyze foods prepared within the scope of the BfR MEAL Study for radiation caused by radioactive elements such as uranium.

Chronic childhood illness linked with later life mental health problems
A new study into the effects of chronic physical illness in children on their life-long mental health has found that such experiences appear to increase the chances of them having depression and anxiety in adulthood.

Electrostatic design of materials: TU Graz demonstrates a fundamentally new approach
Researchers at the Institute of Solid State Physics map out a radically new approach for designing optical and electronic properties of materials in Advanced Materials.

Researchers apply data science to better predict effect of weather and other conditions
In a new study, a team of researchers from Case Western Reserve University and Gebze Technical University (GTU) in Turkey used data science to determine and predict the effects of exposure to weather and other conditions on materials in solar panels.

Hydrogen bonds directly detected for the first time
For the first time, scientists have succeeded in studying the strength of hydrogen bonds in a single molecule using an atomic force microscope.

New data show Human Milk Oligosaccharide (HMO) improves the balance of bacteria in formula-fed babies' digestive systems*, providing important immune system and health benefits
New Abbott data presented this week, at the 50th Annual Congress of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) in Prague, further supports the important role Human Milk Oligosaccharides (or HMOs) play in supporting the immune system of formula-fed babies.

Study provides detailed glimpse of predators' effects on complex, subtidal food web
Research using time-lapse photography in the Galapagos Marine Reserve suggests the presence of a key multilevel 'trophic cascade' involving top- and mid-level predators as well as urchins and algae.

Race, gender and socioeconomic factors impact PCI outcomes
Results from 'Interaction Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Sex on Outcomes after PCI: A Subanalysis of the PLATINUM Diversity study' were presented today as a late-breaking clinical trial at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 2017 Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.

New tool could help predict, prevent surging waters in flood plains
Find related stories on NSF's Environmental Research and Education (ERE) programs.

Delayed use of blood thinners for atrial fibrillation patients increases risk of dementia
New, first-of-its-kind, large-scale study includes more than 76,000 heart patients.

Ablation for atrial fibrillation proven safe and effective for patients with congenital heart disease, Penn study finds
In a new study presented today at the Heart Rhythm Society's 38th Annual Scientific Session in Chicago, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have found that CHD patients -- even with complex defects -- can safely undergo ablation for AF, with similar success rates as patients with normal hearts.

Hafnia dons a new face
As computer chips become smaller, faster and more powerful, their insulating layers must also be much more robust -- currently a limiting factor for semiconductor technology.

X-rays from copper source set new gold standard for measuring industrial materials
With this new, unique X-ray machine, NIST can make some of the world's most accurate measurements, and calibrate everyone else's X-rays, too.

Researchers create anticancer nanomaterials by simulating underwater volcanic conditions
Researchers at Aalto University, Finland, have developed anticancer nanomaterials by simulating the volcano-induced dynamic chemistry of the deep ocean.

Ludwig researchers identify counterintuitive approach to treating a brain cancer
The loss of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN has been linked to tumor growth and chemotherapy resistance in the almost invariably lethal brain cancer glioblastoma multiforme (GBM).

Researchers find key molecule that could lead to new therapies for anemia
New findings reported in Science could impact a whole slew of iron disorders, ranging from iron-deficiency anemia to iron-overload liver disease.

Antimicrobial resistance: Successful interdisciplinary efforts
As antimicrobial-resistant bacteria can be transmitted between humans and animals, research into antimicrobial resistance must in particular investigate the mechanisms of the spread of the bacteria and the resistance genes.

Immune cells rely on receptor to signal counterattack on parasitic worm
Immune cells, called macrophages, may rely on a compound to signal an attack to beat back attacks from parasitic worms, according to an international team of researchers, including Zissis C.

Shearing of alpacas is necessary, but also stressful
Alpacas, a species of New World camelids, have very thick wool.

Stem cells in plants and animals behave surprisingly similarly: Study
A new study from Lund University in Sweden shows that the behavior of stem cells in plants and animals is surprisingly similar.

International team solves mystery of colloidal chains
Team discovers fast, simple way to create two-dimensional electronic circuits that could potentially lead to a new generation of electronic devices.

Electroplating delivers high-energy, high-power batteries
The process that makes gold-plated jewelry or chrome car accents is now making powerful lithium-ion batteries.

Large multicenter study shows high success rate for robotic PCI procedures
Results from the PRECISION trial (Efficacy and Safety Outcomes of Radial- vs Femoral-Access Robotic Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Final Results of the Multicenter PRECISION Registry) were presented today as a late-breaking clinical trial at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 2017 Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.

Physics may bring faster solutions for tough computational problems
Researchers from the University of Central Florida and Boston University use an elegant method based on statistical mechanics -- called the vertex model -- to create more efficient algorithms to solve complex problems more quickly.

Jurassic drop in ocean oxygen lasted a million years
Dramatic drops in oceanic oxygen, which cause mass extinctions of sea life, come to a natural end -- but it takes about a million years.

New gelatin devices that imitate the activity of the body in bone regeneration
When one's own body is no longer capable of regenerating the bone defects it suffers, fitting compatible, biodegradable structures that can be used as temporary scaffolding in the damaged tissues is, as a general rule, very helpful.

Playground politics -- what drives rejection amongst children?
New research, published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Psychology, approaches this subject in a different way.

ImmusanT publishes positive data from Phase 1 trials of Nexvax2 in celiac disease patients
ImmusanT announces the publication of positive data from Phase 1 clinical trials of the Nexvax2 therapeutic vaccine in celiac disease patients in The Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

New CDC-funded portal enables health providers to schedule free colon cancer screenings
A new CDC-funded portal enables health providers to schedule free colorectal cancer screenings for uninsured patients in Cook County.

UK researchers develop low tech method for environmental sampling of campylobacter
A team of researchers from the United Kingdom has developed a novel method for assessing human/pathogen interactions in the natural environment, using citizen scientists wearing boot socks over their shoes during walks in the countryside.

Early treatment for NSTEMI patients shows greater rate of survival
Results from 'Outcomes of Early vs. Late Revascularization in Low and High-Risk Patients Hospitalized with Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Surveillance Study' were presented today as a late-breaking clinical trial at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 2017 Scientific Sessions in New Orleans.

Dig it! Two new shrimp species found in burrows at the bottom of the Gulf of California
Although the Santa MarĂ­a-La Reforma lagoon complex in the Gulf of California is one of the most important areas for shrimp fishery, little is known about the crustacean species that live in burrows dug in the bottom.

For anorexia nervosa, researchers implicate genetic locus on chromosome 12
A landmark study led by UNC School of Medicine researchers has identified the first genetic locus for anorexia nervosa and has revealed that there may also be metabolic underpinnings to this potentially deadly illness.

Osteoarthritis could be prevented with good diet and exercise
Osteoarthritis can potentially be prevented with a good diet and regular exercise, a new expert review published in the Nature Reviews Rheumatology reports.

Fossil 'winged serpent' is a new species of ancient snake, Penn doctoral student finds
An ancient sink hole in eastern Tennessee holds the clues to an important transitional time in the evolutionary history of snakes.

Study identifies a new test to predict severity of inflammatory bowel disease in children
The results from a Norwegian study show that a new genetic test for characterising intestinal microbiota may help to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children and predict which children will develop the most extensive disease and need early, aggressive intervention.

In both love and war, alligators signal size by bellowing
American alligators produce loud, low-frequency vocalizations called 'bellows'. Cognitive biologists at the University of Vienna, Stephan Reber and Tecumseh Fitch, investigated these vocalizations and found that they reveal the caller's body size.

Invasive lung cancer cells display symbiosis -- Key to metastasis
Lung cancer cells making up an invasive pack have specialized roles as leaders and followers, and depend on each other for mobility and survival.

NASA sees intensifying Tropical Cyclone Ella now heading west
Tropical Cyclone Ella is intensifying and NASA observed heavy rainfall in the storm.

Untangling the knots in cell stress
In an article published in the Journal of Cell Biology, Tokiro Ishikawa and Kazutoshi Mori of Kyoto University describe how different UPR transducers are used selectively for protein correction.

Severe mental illness linked to much higher risk for cardiovascular disease
An international study of more than 3.2 million people with severe mental illness reveals a substantially increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease compared to the general population. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to