Nav: Home

Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | May 15, 2017


Solving one of nature's great puzzles: What drives the accelerating expansion of the universe?
UBC physicists may have solved one of nature's great puzzles: what causes the accelerating expansion of our universe?
More than 1/3 of parents would allow child to be in residential or hotel pool unsupervised
As kids get ready to splash around in pools this summer, some parents may underestimate drowning risks, suggests a new national poll.
A better sustainable sanitary pad
Students led by University of Utah materials science and engineering assistant professor (lecturer) Jeff Bates have developed a new, 100-percent biodegradable feminine maxi pad that is made of all natural materials and is much thinner and more comfortable than other similar products.
Gladiator games: In the natural world, biodiversity can offer protection to weaker species
In a study of competition among fungal species, Yale researchers found that biodiversity tends to beget biodiversity, a finding that could help in efforts to protect some of the world's most threatened ecosystems, including coral reefs.
New therapeutic approaches for uveitis featured in special festschrift issue
Novel therapeutic approaches and advances in the treatment of uveitis, a sight-threatening inflammation of the eye caused by infection or an autoimmune response, are presented in a special issue of Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
Coatings for nuclear fuel preventing explosions in reactors, developed at TPU
Physicists from Tomsk Polytechnic University are creating protective titanium nitride-based coatings for shells of fuel elements (fuel rods) of nuclear reactors.
LGB-focused resources help stressed teens cope
Imagining a better future isn't enough to help LGB teens deal with stress related to their sexual orientation, says University of Arizona researcher Russell Toomey.
Year-round flu vaccinations promote healthier infants in subtropics
Vaccinating pregnant mothers year-round against flu in the resource-challenged region of subtropical Nepal reduced infant flu virus infection rates by an average of 30 percent, increased birth weights by 15 percent and resulted in babies having less influenza, according to a study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
Gas gives laser-induced graphene super properties
Introducing gas to fabrication changes the water-reacting properties of laser-induced graphene invented at Rice University, making it either superhydrophilic or superhydrophobic.
Arctic warming to increase Eurasian extreme cold events
Scientists from the CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics investigated the impact of Ural blocking (UB) on Eurasian extreme cold events in response to Arctic warming and obtained some interesting findings.
Quantum reservoir for microwaves
EPFL researchers use a mechanical micrometer-size drum cooled close to the quantum ground state to amplify microwaves in a superconducting circuit.
New research links outdoor air temperature and risk of developing gestational diabetes
The prevalence of gestational diabetes was 4.6 per cent among women exposed to extremely cold average temperatures (equal to or below -10 C) in the 30-day period prior to being screened for gestational diabetes, and increased to 7.7 percent among those exposed to hot average temperatures (above 24 C).
Simple post-surgery step significantly reduces bladder cancer recurrence
It's just one step. Flushing the bladder with a common chemotherapy drug after a cancerous tumor is surgically removed reduces the chances of that cancer returning.
WSU researchers deliver first 'nanotherapeutics' to tumor
For the first time, WSU researchers have demonstrated a way to deliver a drug to a tumor by attaching it to a blood cell.
Rare Earth element mineral potential in the southeastern US coastal plain
Rare earth elements have become increasingly important for advanced technologies, from cell phones to renewable energy to defense systems.
Assay of clotting ability accurately predicts need for transfusion in trauma patients
By combining a conventional laboratory measurement of blood clotting time (known as the International Normalized Ratio or INR) with a new test of blood clot strength, based upon thrombelastography (TEG®), researchers at the University of Colorado's Department of Surgery, Denver, are able to quickly and efficiently assess the overall ability of blood to clot and identify trauma patients who were most in need of a massive blood transfusion.
Where you live may impact how much you drink
Neighborhoods with greater poverty and disorganization may play a greater role in problem drinking than the availability of bars and stores that sell hard liquor, a University of Washington-led study has found.
Grassy beginning for earliest Homo
Following the discovery of the Ledi-Geraru jaw, an environmental study of the eastern African Plio-Pleistocene was conducted to investigate the long-standing hypotheses that the transition from Australopithecus to Homo was linked to the spread of more open and arid environments.
Latest figures on ICT sector worldwide and its R&D investment
The latest edition of the JRC Prospective Insights in ICT R&D (PREDICT) report offers 20-years perspective over 40 countries, and shows how the ICT sector has tripled in value added in the last 20 years.
New 'styrofoam' planet provides tools in search for habitable planets
Researchers at Lehigh University have discovered a new planet orbiting a star 320 light years from Earth that has the density of styrofoam.
Invention produces cleaner water with less energy and no filter
Researchers at Princeton University have found a way to clean particles from water by mixing in carbon dioxide.
Virtual top hats allow swarming robots to fly in tight formation
Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have created a team of free-flying robots that obeys the two rules of the air: don't collide or undercut each other.
University of Birmingham develops revolutionary eye drops to treat age-related blindness
Scientists at the University of Birmingham have developed a type of eye drop which could potentially revolutionize the treatment of one of the leading causes of blindness in the UK.
Better than BMI: Study finds more accurate way to determine adolescent obesity
Researchers have found a new, more accurate way to determine if adolescents are overweight, important findings considering many school districts label adolescents -- who tend to be more vulnerable to weight bias and fat shaming than adults -- as obese.
Tumor-trained T cells go on patrol
In cancer, immune cells infiltrate tumors -- but it hasn't been known which immune cells exit the tumor or where they go next.
Path to end HIV could be within reach for United States in next decade
The United States could be on track within the next decade to see significant steps towards ending the HIV epidemic in this country, suggests new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital.
Diverse rotations and poultry litter improves soybean yield
Possible sustainable solution to continuous cropping.
Decision aid, support strategy boosts colorectal testing for groups with low screening
Helping patients understand colonoscopy alternatives and make a colorectal cancer screening choice based on their own values -- combined with one-on-one support -- dramatically increases screening completion among patients with historically lower screening rates, a new study finds.
Biophysicists say iodine is the solution of biomolecule structures
An international team including researchers from MIPT has shown that iodide phasing -- a long-established method in structural biology -- is universally applicable to membrane protein structure determination.
Scientists study atmospheric waves radiating out of hurricanes
Researchers believe they have found a new way to monitor the intensity and location of hurricanes from hundreds of miles away by detecting atmospheric waves radiating from the centers of these powerful storms.
New study examines sexual violence against college women with disabilities
Patterns of sexual violence and intimate partner violence aimed at female college students with a mental health-related or behavioral disability and the health effects of this abuse.
Scientists light the way for immune system to attack cancer
The science behind harnessing the immune system to fight cancer is complicated, but a University of Rochester Medical Center laboratory discovered a simple, practical way to use light and optics to steer killer immune cells toward tumors.
New AP-NORC education survey delves into Americans' views on choice, quality, and control
About 4 in 10 Americans think there is too little school choice in their state or their own community, and more than half say the amount of school choice parents have is about right, according to a new survey by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.
NASA's EPIC view spots flashes on Earth
One million miles from Earth, a NASA camera is capturing unexpected flashes of light reflecting off our planet.
Diabetes drug may help symptoms of autism associated condition
A widely used diabetes medication could help people with a common inherited form of autism, research shows.
Making drug use a crime makes HIV prevention, treatment more difficult
The criminalization of drug use has a negative effect on efforts to prevent and treat people with HIV, suggests a review of published research conducted by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of British Columbia.
BC's drug plan deductibles do not lower drug use for some seniors
Adding a modest 2% income-based deductible for prescription drugs did not appear to deter some seniors from filling prescriptions, found a study of British Columbia's public drug plan published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.161119.
Lessons from Ebola: New approach improves disease outbreak management
A new approach could quickly identify the most effective way to manage disease outbreaks -- an advance that could save lives.
Let there be tissue
Near-infrared light proves an effective and precise tool for engineering tissues from stem cells.
Nano fiber feels forces and hears sounds made by cells
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a miniature device that's sensitive enough to feel the forces generated by swimming bacteria and hear the beating of heart muscle cells.
A path toward ending AIDS in the US by 2025
Using prevention surveillance data to model rates of HIV incidence, prevalence and mortality, investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health set targets, specifically a decrease in new infections to 21,000 by 2020 and to 12,000 by 2025, that would mark a transition toward ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
ASU and NYU researchers look to boost crowdsourced brainstorming
The very nature of crowdsourcing means that ideators can be overwhelmed by the number of ideas generated, rather than inspired by them.
Spinal muscular atrophy: New clues to cause and treatment
Spinal muscular atrophy is partly due to defects in the sensory neuron synapses that activate motor neurons.
Adhesive behavior of self-constructive materials measured for first time
When building with molecules, it is important to understand how they stick to each other.
What could be the importance of marine and coastal cultural ecosystem services
Cultural ecosystem services reflect physical and cognitive interactions between humans and nature, and are increasingly recognised for providing experiences, capabilities and many other benefits to human societies.
Researchers report new, more efficient catalyst for water splitting
University of Houston physicists have discovered a catalyst that can split water into hydrogen and oxygen, composed of easily available, low-cost materials and operating far more efficiently than previous catalysts.
Understanding changes in extreme precipitation
An ETH study explores why the increase in extreme precipitation is not the same across every region.
Outdoor air temperature linked to risk of gestational diabetes
Outdoor air temperature has a direct link to the risk of gestational diabetes, with a 6% to 9% relative increase in the risk of diabetes for every 10°C increase in temperature, according to a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.160839.
Study offers answers on life expectancy for people with Parkinson's disease, Lewy body dementia
Faced with a serious disease, patients want to know the answer to a difficult question: 'How long will I live?'
Diesels pollute more than lab tests detect
Because of testing inefficiencies, maintenance inadequacies and other factors, cars, trucks and buses worldwide emit 4.6 million tons more harmful nitrogen oxide (NOx) than standards allow, according to a new study co-authored by University of Colorado Boulder researchers.
Pig model to help research on human knee growth, injury treatment
Medical and biomedical engineering researchers have published research on how the knees of pigs compare to human knees at various stages of maturity -- a finding that will advance research by this group and others on injury treatment in young people.
Parents support policies to limit teens' access to indoor tanning
Research led by Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute found that almost two-thirds (65 percent) of parents of adolescents agreed with policies to ban indoor tanning for youth under age 18.
Portland State researcher discovers new species of South American rabbit
A Portland State University researcher discovered that a rabbit known for centuries to exist in South America is different enough from its cousins to be its own unique species.
A carnivorous plant's prized genetic treasures, unveiled
The carnivorous humped bladderwort plant, Utricularia gibba, is a sophisticated predator.
Researchers uncover potential risks of common MS treatment
In one of the most comprehensive studies to date, UBC researchers have identified potential adverse reactions of a commonly used multiple sclerosis drug.
No escaping ocean plastic: 37 million bits of litter on one of world's remotest islands
The beaches of one of the world's most remote islands have been found to be polluted with the highest density of plastic debris reported anywhere on the planet, in a study published in the prestigious US scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Timing of menopause onset may increase heart failure risk in women
Postmenopausal women who reached menopause at an earlier age or who never gave birth are at a higher risk for heart failure, according to research published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Growing plants and scientists: Hydroponic gardening program wins over students
Elementary-age students -- primarily African-American, Hispanic and English Language Learners -- developed positive attitudes toward science, less anxiety, and greater self-confidence after participating in an after-school program where they grew fruits and vegetables using soil-less, hydroponic technology.
How satellite data led to a breakthrough for Lake Erie toxic algal blooms
With the growing frequency and magnitude of toxic freshwater algal blooms becoming an increasingly worrisome public health concern, Carnegie scientists Jeff Ho and Anna Michalak, along with colleagues, have made new advances in understanding the drivers behind Lake Erie blooms and their implications for lake restoration.
High blood pressure linked to racial segregation in neighborhoods
Living in racially segregated neighborhoods is associated with a rise in the blood pressure of black adults, while moving away from segregated areas is associated with a decrease -- and significant enough to lead to reductions in heart attacks and strokes, a National Institutes of Health-funded study has found.
Clinics should choose women's breast screening appointment times to improve attendance
For women who miss a breast screening appointment, giving a fixed date and time for a new appointment could improve poor attendance and be a cost-effective way to shift national participation trends, according to an analysis led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).
Ebola: Lives to be saved with new management approach
Ebola outbreaks are set to be managed quickly and efficiently -- saving lives -- with a new approach developed by an international team of researchers, including the University of Warwick, which helps to streamline outbreak decision-making.
What is survival among patients with Parkinson, Dementia with lewy bodies?
A new article published by JAMA Neurology compares survival rates among patients with synucleinopathies, including Parkinson disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson disease dementia and multiple system atrophy with parkinsonism, with individuals in the general population.
New nationwide study indicates patients are often prescribed potentially futile drugs in their final
Older adults often receive drugs of questionable benefit during their last months of life, according to the first study conducted on the burden of end-of-life medications across an entire population.
Virus study targets infection linked to birth defects
Fresh insights into how a common virus replicates could pave the way for new therapies to stop its spread.
Self-healing tech charges up performance for silicon-containing battery anodes
Researchers at the University of Illinois have found a way to apply self-healing technology to lithium-ion batteries to make them more reliable and last longer.
Personality may change when you drink, but less than you think
People typically report substantive changes to their personality when they become intoxicated, but observations from outsiders suggest less drastic differences between 'sober' and 'drunk' personalities, according to research published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
UNH researcher identifies key differences in solar wind models
The challenge of predicting space weather, which can cause issues with telecommunications and other satellite operations on Earth, requires a detailed understanding of the solar wind (a stream of charged particles released from the sun) and sophisticated computer simulations.
Stretching the limits of elastic conductors
A newly developed printable elastic conductor retains high conductivity even when stretched to as much as five times its original length, says a Japanese team of scientists.
This fly's incredible hearing is a curiosity to those developing better hearing aids
U of T Scarborough biologists study fly to develop better hearing aids.
Frisky female fruit flies become more aggressive towards each other after sex
Female fruit flies start headbutting each other after mating, becoming significantly more aggressive and intolerant Oxford University research has revealed.
Migratory birds bumped off schedule as climate change shifts spring
New research shows climate change is altering the delicate seasonal clock that North American migratory songbirds rely on to successfully mate and raise healthy offspring, setting in motion a domino effect that could threaten the survival of many familiar backyard bird species.
New gene identified in Lou Gehrig's disease
A new gene has been associated with Lou Gehrig's disease.
Diabetes drug may help symptoms of autism-associated condition
Metformin, the most widely used drug to treat type 2 diabetes, could potentially be used to treat symptoms of Fragile X syndrome, an inherited form of intellectual disability and a cause of some forms of autism.
Varied increases in extreme rainfall with global warming
A new study by researchers from MIT and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich shows that the most extreme rain events in most regions of the world will increase in intensity by 3 to 15 percent, depending on region, for every degree Celsius that the planet warms.
New report details Chicago's racial, ethnic disparities
Racial and ethnic inequality in Chicago is so 'pervasive, persistent, and consequential' that the investigators describe life for white, black and Latino residents in Chicago today as a 'tale of three cities.'
Stem cell transplants may advance ALS treatment by repair of blood-spinal cord barrier
Researchers at the University of South Florida in Tampa, Fla., show in a new study that bone marrow stem cell transplants helped improve motor functions and nervous system conditions in mice with the disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) by repairing damage to the blood-spinal cord barrier.
Certain immune reactions to viruses cause learning problems
Researchers have discovered a mechanism by which the body's immune reaction to viruses like influenza and HIV may cause learning and memory problems.
Study expands understanding of how the brain encodes fear memory
Research by UC Riverside scientists on 'fear memory' could lead to the development of therapies that reduce the effects of PTSD, which affects 7 percent of the US population.
Study: Trying new marijuana products and edibles is associated with unexpected highs
A new study by RTI International suggests that unexpected highs are a consequence of using new marijuana products and edibles--products that have flooded the marijuana market since legalization of recreational marijuana use.
Technology edits voices like text
Technology developed by Princeton University computer scientists may do for audio recordings of the human voice what word processing software did for the written word.
How poison frog tadpoles escape their cannibalistic siblings
Poison frog tadpoles are dependent on parent for transportation, which helps them become separated from their cannibalistic siblings.
Leaving segregated neighborhoods reduces blood pressure for blacks
When African Americans moved to less segregated neighborhoods, their systolic blood pressure readings dropped between one to five points, reports a new national study.
More genes turned on when plants compete
Some people travel to northern California for wine. However, Maren Friesen, Michigan State University plant biologist, treks to the Golden State for clover.
Gut microbiome may predict response to biologic therapy for inflammatory bowel disease
Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have identified differences in the composition and the function of the gut microbiome between patients for whom treatment with a monclonal antibody-based drug was effective in inducing remission of inflammatory bowel disease symptoms and those for whom it was not.
Prototype drug uses novel mechanism to treat lung cancers
Lung cancer tumors were prevented in mice by a novel small molecule that directly activates a tumor suppressor protein.
New report recommends priority actions to achieve global health security
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine identifies global health priorities in light of current and emerging challenges and makes 14 recommendations for the US government and other stakeholders to address these challenges, while maintaining US status as a world leader in global health.
Two dose HPV vaccine effective in treating genital warts, study finds
New research out of Boston Medical Center, published online in the STD Journal, is the first published clinical evidence to support new recommendations by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for a two-dose HPV vaccine to prevent genital warts.
Does sleep duration affect cardiac metabolic risk in young children?
How many hours a day young children (1-3 years) sleep does not appear to affect their cardiometabolic risk (CMR) at ages 3-8, based on an assessment of factors including blood pressure and cholesterol and blood glucose levels.
Exposure to psychological domestic abuse most damaging to children's wellbeing
Exposure to psychological abuse between parents is more damaging to children's wellbeing as they grow older than physical domestic violence, according to new research carried out at University of Limerick, Ireland.
New finding affecting immune reconstitution related to B cells
Researchers from the Children's Center for Cancer and Blood Diseases at Children's Hospital Los Angeles examined the mechanisms of B cell immune reconstitution in pediatric patients who had undergone bone marrow transplantation and discovered a disruption in the maturation of B cells -- critical to the immune system -- preventing the production of antibodies that fight infection.
Diesel vehicles produce 50 percent more nitrogen oxide than originally thought
A study, published in Nature, has shown that laboratory tests of nitrogen oxide emissions from diesel vehicles significantly underestimate the real-world emissions by as much as 50 percent.
Journal of Infectious Diseases features UNC HIV researchers in special edition
A special issue of the Journal of Infectious Diseases focuses solely on HIV eradication and is edited by the director of the UNC HIV Cure Center in Chapel Hill.
Pembrolizumab in non-small cell lung cancer: Hint of considerable added benefit
Good study design allows identification of the relevant subpopulation, in which prolonged overall survival notably outweighs disadvantages in some side effects.
Entropy landscape sheds light on quantum mystery
By precisely measuring the entropy of a supercooled cerium copper gold alloy with baffling electronic properties, physicists in Germany and the United States have provided further evidence about the common causes of high-temperature superconductivity and similar phenomena.
Ebola survivors have a 'unique' retinal scar
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have conducted a study of Ebola survivors to determine if the virus has any specific effects on the back on the eye using an ultra widefield retinal camera.
Pennsylvania hospital neurosurgeons perform first focused ultrasound treatment for essential tremor
John Lukens recently became the first patient in Pennsylvania to receive MR-guided Focused Ultrasound Treatment (MRgFUS) for Essential Tremor (ET).
Molecular dynamics, machine learning create 'hyper-predictive' computer models
Researchers from North Carolina State University have demonstrated that molecular dynamics simulations and machine learning techniques could be integrated to create more accurate computer prediction models.
HPC4MfG paper manufacturing project yields first results
Simulations run at the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory as part of an HPC4Mfg collaboration with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and an industry consortium could help US paper manufacturers significantly reduce production costs and increase energy efficiencies.
Strategy significantly boosts colorectal screening for groups with low rates
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers and collaborators report in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine that providing one-on-one support and customized tools for decision-making increased screening rates for patients at two community health centers in North Carolina and New Mexico.
Stem-cell transplants show limited benefit for double-hit lymphoma patients in remission
Patients with double hit lymphoma (DHL) who undergo autologous stem-cell transplantation (autoSCT) after achieving remission are not more likely to remain in remission or live longer than patients who do not undergo autoSCT, according to a new analysis from the Perelman School of Medicine and the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
Wasted food means wasted nutrients
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for a Livable Future calculated the nutritional value of food wasted in the US at the retail and consumer levels, shining a light on just how much protein, fiber and other important nutrients end up in the landfill in a single year.
Wasted nutrients: The result of widespread food waste
Food waste in America is estimated that around 1,217 calories per person per day are squandered.
Hundreds of thousands of strokes may be preventable each year
Many patients with an irregular heartbeat, known as atrial fibrillation, are not receiving recommended blood thinning medication they need to prevent strokes, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Study: New blood test is more accurate in predicting prostate cancer risk than PSA
A team of researchers led by Cleveland Clinic have demonstrated that a new blood test known as IsoPSA detects prostate cancer more precisely than current tests in two crucial measures -- distinguishing cancer from benign conditions, and identifying patients with high-risk disease.
NUS-led research teams uncover extraordinary properties of strontium niobate
Researchers from the National University of Singapore recently uncovered novel properties of strontium niobate, which is a unique semiconductor material that displays both metallic type conduction and photocatalytic activity.
Rise of aggressive reef predator may impede sea urchin recovery, study finds
A new study suggests that an aggressive reef competitor -- the Threespot Damselfish -- may have impeded the recovery of Caribbean long-spined sea urchin populations after a mysterious disease outbreak caused a massive die-off of these animals over three decades ago.
Skin cancer on the rise
New diagnoses for two types of skin cancer increased in recent years, according to a Mayo Clinic-led team of researchers.
Mountains of waste could lead to new US manufacturing, jobs
Waste material from the paper and pulp industry soon could be made into anything from tennis rackets to cars.
Code of conduct needed for ocean conservation, study says
A diverse group of the world's leading experts in marine conservation is calling for a Hippocratic Oath for ocean conservation -- not unlike the pledge physicians take to uphold specific ethical standards when practicing medicine.
Heat on for Australia's Great Barrier Reef when global temperatures hit 1.5C
Scientists from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science have modelled how extremes in precipitation, drought, extreme heat and ocean temperatures will change in Australia at global temperatures 1.5°C and 2°C above pre-industrial conditions.
Campi Flegrei volcano eruption possibly closer than thought
The Campi Flegrei volcano in southern Italy may be closer to an eruption than previously thought, according to new research by UCL and the Vesuvius Observatory in Naples.
Unfolding the folding mechanism of ladybug wings
Japanese scientists have figured out how ladybugs fold their wings by transplanting a transparent artificial wing onto the insect and observing its underlying folding mechanism.
Nonprescription use of Ritalin linked to adverse side effects, UB study finds
New research from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions that explored the potential side effects of the stimulant drug Ritalin on those without ADHD showed changes in brain chemistry associated with risk-taking behavior, sleep disruption and other undesirable effects.
Heart attack risk increases 17-fold following respiratory infections
The risk of having a heart attack is 17 times higher in the seven days following a respiratory infection, University of Sydney research has found.
New research suggests new ways to detect and monitor inflammatory bowel disease
A University of Manchester test on the mucus lining of the intestine, performed in mice, has found changes in bacteria that could lead to inflammatory bowel disease 12 weeks earlier than previously possible through looking at stool samples, leading to the possibility of earlier diagnosis and better management of the disease in humans.
Epilepsy drug therapies to be improved by new targeted approach
New research from the University of Liverpool, in collaboration with the Mario Negri Institute in Milan, published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, has identified a protein that could help patients with epilepsy respond more positively to drug therapies.
Could there be a better way to estimate body fat levels in children, adolescents?
Reducing childhood obesity is an international effort and central to that effort is being able to accurately determine which children and adolescents are overweight.
Unborn rays traumatized when their mothers are captured: World-first study finds
The stress of unintentional fishing capture has a detrimental impact not only on pregnant rays, but also their unborn offspring, research that is the first of its kind in the world has found.
Study examines racial residential segregation and blood pressure in black adults
If exposure to neighborhood-level racial residential segregation changes is that associated with changes in blood pressure in a group of black adults?
Corticosteroid treatment increases survival of preterm infants within hours
The effects of corticosteroid treatments on pregnant women facing preterm delivery to prevent infant death and morbidity have been thought to develop gradually over days.

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2019.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Risk
Why do we revere risk-takers, even when their actions terrify us? Why are some better at taking risks than others? This hour, TED speakers explore the alluring, dangerous, and calculated sides of risk. Guests include professional rock climber Alex Honnold, economist Mariana Mazzucato, psychology researcher Kashfia Rahman, structural engineer and bridge designer Ian Firth, and risk intelligence expert Dylan Evans.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#541 Wayfinding
These days when we want to know where we are or how to get where we want to go, most of us will pull out a smart phone with a built-in GPS and map app. Some of us old timers might still use an old school paper map from time to time. But we didn't always used to lean so heavily on maps and technology, and in some remote places of the world some people still navigate and wayfind their way without the aid of these tools... and in some cases do better without them. This week, host Rachelle Saunders...
Now Playing: Radiolab

Dolly Parton's America: Neon Moss
Today on Radiolab, we're bringing you the fourth episode of Jad's special series, Dolly Parton's America. In this episode, Jad goes back up the mountain to visit Dolly's actual Tennessee mountain home, where she tells stories about her first trips out of the holler. Back on the mountaintop, standing under the rain by the Little Pigeon River, the trip triggers memories of Jad's first visit to his father's childhood home, and opens the gateway to dizzying stories of music and migration. Support Radiolab today at Radiolab.org/donate.