Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 17, 2017
Cancer-cardiac connection illuminates promising new drug for heart failure
A team of researchers at the Gladstone Institutes uncovered a new strategy to treat heart failure, a leading contributor to mortality and healthcare costs in the United States.

Trial demonstrates benefits of learning sessions for managing rheumatoid arthritis
A new study found that group-based quality improvement sessions help rheumatologists care for rheumatoid arthritis patients with the recommended 'treat to target' (TTT) approach to care.

UCR study sheds light on Earth's first animals
More than 550 million years ago, the oceans were teeming with flat, soft-bodied creatures that fed on microbes and algae and could grow as big as bathmats.

Hypertension before the age of 55 increases risk of cardiovascular death
When someone gets diagnosed with hypertension, either early (before the age of 55) or later in life, can have important health ramifications.

Conductive paper could enable future flexible electronics
Roll-up computer screens and other flexible electronics are getting closer to reality as scientists improve upon a growing number of components that can bend and stretch.

DAWN results show reduction in disability from stroke up to 24 hours of onset
Results from the DAWN stroke trial provide compelling evidence that selected patients suffering a major ischemic stroke recovered significantly better with mechanical retrieval of the blood clot with medical therapy compared with medical therapy alone when initiated up to 24 hours of the stroke.

Exposure to BPA potentially induces permanent reprogramming of painted turtles' brains
BPA is a chemical that is used in a variety of consumer products, such as food storage containers and water bottles.

Climate change refuge for corals discovered (and how we can protect it right now)
WCS scientists have discovered a refuge for corals where the environment protects otherwise sensitive species to the increasing severity of climate change.

Parents with bipolar benefit from self-help tool
Online self-management support for parents with Bipolar Disorder leads to improvements in parenting and child behavior.

Researchers track groundwater loss during drought in California's Central Valley
A new study by researchers from UCLA and the University of Houston reveals significant groundwater loss in California's Central Valley during the recent drought and sparks questions of sustainability for the important agricultural area.

TET1 protein helps prevent congenital defects and late-onset diseases
In the earliest stages of embryonic development, a protein known as TET1 may be the factor that tips the balance toward health or disease.

First direct exploration of magnetic fields in the upper solar atmosphere
Scientists have explored the magnetic field in upper solar atmosphere by observing the polarization of ultraviolet light with the CLASP sounding rocket experiment during its 5-minute flight in space on Sept.

Bumblebee populations higher in Detroit than in some less-urbanized areas; vacant lots could be a factor
A new study of native bumblebee populations in southeastern Michigan cities found, surprisingly, that Detroit has more of the large-bodied bees than some surrounding, less urbanized locations.

Space weather events linked to human activity
Human activities, like nuclear tests and radio transmissions, have been changing near-Earth space and weather, and have created artificial radiation belts, damaged satellites and induced auroras.

New way of preventing pneumococcal brain invasion
An international team of researchers, led from Karolinska Institutet, has identified two receptors on the cells in the blood vessels of the brain that can be blocked and thereby prevent pneumococci from entering the brain.

Microbial fuel cell converts methane to electricity
Transporting methane from gas wellheads to market provides multiple opportunities for this greenhouse gas to leak into the atmosphere.

Approaching a decades-old goal: Making blood stem cells from patients' own cells
Researchers at Boston Children's Hospital have, for the first time, generated blood-forming stem cells in the lab using pluripotent stem cells, which can make virtually every cell type in the body.

Earth's atmosphere more chemically reactive in cold climates
A Greenland ice core providing a first glimpse at the history of reactive oxidants shows that for big temperature swings in the past 100,000 years, reactive oxidants are actually higher in cold climates.

Unveiling nasty act of trans-fatty acids in blood
Recent studies provide insight into the mechanism of disorders caused by trans-fatty acid consumption and suggest potential targets for treatment.

Brain's hippocampal volume, social environment affect adolescent depression
Research on depression in adolescents in recent years has focused on how the physical brain and social experiences interact.

A culprit of thyroid's diseases
How thyroid and its vascular system coordinate themselves and remodel during thyroid disease.

Smoking out sources of in-home air pollution
An ambitious study led by San Diego State University researchers has investigated various factors that contribute to air pollution inside the house.

Sowing new seeds of knowledge about the drivers of plant diversity
A new study of Australian wildflower communities is improving understanding of how climatic stress controls plant diversity, based on the strategies different species use to survive, grow and reproduce.

Toy unboxing: It's a thing; it's lucrative but sensitive -- QUT research
The global social media phenomenon of toy unboxing is causing concern for parents and other child welfare advocates.

Antibody that neutralizes sMIC boosts CTLA4 immunotherapy response and reduces colitis
Co-administering a monoclonal antibody that neutralizes tumor-released sMIC improves anti-CTLA4 antibody therapy effectiveness and reduces treatment-related colitis, report Medical University of South Carolina investigators in an article published online May 17, 2017, by Science Advances.

Researchers harness metabolism to reverse aggressiveness in leukemia
Researchers have identified a new drug target for the two most common types of myeloid leukemia, including a way to turn back the most aggressive form of the disease.

Researchers take an important step toward an HIV vaccine
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have developed a strategy that can revolutionize vaccine design.

The secrets behind T. rex's bone crushing bites: Researchers find T. rex could crush 8,000 pounds
The giant Tyrannosaurus rex pulverized bones by biting down with forces equaling the weight of three small cars while simultaneously generating world record tooth pressures, according to a new study by a Florida State University-Oklahoma State University research team.

Russian scientists have found the remains of an unknown animal
During an expedition to the Krasnoyarsk Territory, scientists from Tomsk State University and St.

Good grief! Losing a friend brings wild birds closer together
New Oxford University research has revealed that instead of grieving, wild birds appear to adjust to the loss of a flockmate by increasing both the number and intensity of their relationships with other birds.

During heat waves, urban trees can increase ground-level ozone
Planting trees is a popular strategy to help make cities 'greener,' both literally and figuratively.

Study reveals how pesticide use and climate affect monarch butterflies
An analysis of data in Illinois has found a link between higher county-level use of an herbicide called glyphosate and reduced abundance of adult monarch butterflies, especially in areas with concentrated agriculture.

New study describes how surface texture can help or hinder formation of ice crystals
A new study examining how ice forms from pure water found that the geometry of the surface that water is on can have an effect on whether or not it freezes, suggesting that surface geometry plays an important role in ice formation.

Wild orangutan teeth provide insight into human breast-feeding evolution
Biomarkers in the teeth of wild orangutans indicate nursing patterns related to food fluctuations in their habitats, which can help guide understanding of breast-feeding evolution in humans, according to a study published today in Science Advances.

Male birds adjust courtship behavior based on social context
Male birds that have already paired up with a female aren't above looking for a little action on the side.

Medical care, health have improved for low-income adults under ACA
The Affordable Care Act's health coverage expansions have produced major improvements in medical care and health for low-income adults, including reduced out-of-pocket spending, better access to primary care and preventive services, improved self-reported health, and improved care for those with chronic conditions.

Advancing cancer immunotherapy with computer simulations and data analysis
Immunotherapy supercharges the body's own disease-fighting mechanisms to combat cancer.

A third of high school students ride with drivers who have been drinking
One in three high school students reports riding with a driver who has been drinking, while nearly one in five was in a car where the driver had consumed marijuana, according to a new study from the University of Waterloo.

Is religion an evolved domain or instinct?
The question about why more intelligent people tend to be atheistic dates back to the times of Romans and Ancient Greeks.

Researchers invented a tools to decode and control signalling circuits in living cells with flashes of light
Researchers at Turku Centre for Biotechnology have invented new tools for decoding and controlling signalling circuits in living cells with flashes of light.

Computer game could help children choose healthy food
A simple brain-training game could help children choose healthy snacks instead of chocolate and sweets, according to a new study.

Exchanging one sugar-sweetened soft drink or beer with water is associated with lower incidence of obesity
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity shows that replacing one serving of sugar-sweetened soft drink or one beer a day with a glass of water could reduce the risk of becoming obese by 20 percent.

Sacrificing sleep for love
Sleep is important, but if there is something more important or interesting to do -- for example, taking care of a baby, finishing a grant proposal before a deadline, or reading a fascinating book -- we may stay up late.

Fostering motivation could help keep marginalized girls in school
A field study in Malawi reveals psychological factors played an important role in whether girls attended school, even under conditions of extreme poverty and deprivation: Girls were significantly more likely to attend class when they were intrinsically excited about school and learning, even when they struggled with a lack of basic resources at home.

Tiny bubbles help heal broken bones, in pigs
Researchers have developed a much needed alternative to bone grafts that could help alleviate the long-term hospitalization, disability, and considerable costs to the health system associated with non-healing fractures.

New report finds young people troubled by romantic relationships, sexual harassment
A new report from the Making Caring Common project at the Harvard Graduate School of Education finds that young people struggle with romantic relationships and rampant misogyny and sexual harassment, but parents and other adults have commonly failed to address these problems.

Microbes seen controlling action of host's genes
Duke researchers have shown that microbes can control their animal hosts by manipulating the molecular machinery of their cells, triggering patterns of gene expression that consequently contribute to health and disease.

Myanmar's extensive forests are declining rapidly due to political and economic change
The loss of intact forest cover in Myanmar has accelerated over the last decade, according to a study published May 17, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Peter Leimgruber from Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, United States of America; Ned Horning from American Museum of Natural History, United States of America; and colleagues.

Cardiovascular disease causes one-third of deaths worldwide
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart diseases and stroke, account for one-third of deaths throughout the world, according to a new scientific study that examined every country over the past 25 years.

Energy-efficient green route to magnesium production
Through a collaborative research program funded by Oricon Energy Inc., the research group of Professor Yuji Wada and Adjunct Professor Satoshi Fujii of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, School of Materials and Chemical Technology devised a magnesium smelting method that uses nearly 70 percent less energy than conventional methods by using microwaves.

Shared genetic heritage from Sicily to Cyprus
The Mediterranean shores stretching between Sicily, Southern Italy and the Southern Balkans witnessed a long series of migration processes and cultural exchanges.

Study illuminates fate of marine carbon in last steps toward sequestration
New research explains how an ancient group of cells in the dark ocean wrings the last bit of energy from carbon molecules resistant to breakdown.

The dangers of money
If a commonly used item passed from person to person everyday around the world was found to carry potential harmful microbes, would you continue to use it?

Use of new swallowable gastric balloon results in substantial weight loss
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Porto, Portugal, shows that a swallowable gastic balloon -- that can be inserted without endoscopy or anesthesia -- is a safe and effective way to induce substantial weight loss.

A step towards understanding Zika
Brisbane researchers have synthetically re-created Zika virus in the laboratory -- a breakthrough which will help to understand the virus and the fetal brain defects it causes.

Study links physician age to patient mortality risk
Patients treated by older hospital-based internists known as hospitalists are somewhat more likely to die within a month of admission than those treated by younger physicians, according to the results of a study led by researchers at Harvard Medical School and Harvard T.H.

New study sheds light on origins of life on Earth through molecular function
Debate exists over how life began on Earth, but a new study provides evidence for a 'metabolism-first' model.

Men sing about dating and sex more often than women
A new analysis of popular song lyrics from 1960 through 2008 reveals that men sing about both romantic love and sex more often than women.

Study of schoolchildren's soft drink consumption patterns suggests taxing sugar sweetened soft drinks could help tackle obesity epidemic
A study of the soft drink consumption patterns of more than 1,000 schoolchildren presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Porto, Portugal, shows that overweight and obese children tend to drink more sugar sweetened soft drinks than normal weight children.

Polymerases pause to help mediate the flow of genetic information
Stop-and-go traffic is typically a source of frustration, an unneccesary hold-up on the path from point A to point B.

Solving the mystery of the white oak
Researchers from The Morton Arboretum and Duke University have solved a mystery that has long shrouded our understanding of white oaks: where did they come from?

Weill Cornell team creates self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medicine have discovered an innovative method to make an unlimited supply of healthy blood cells from the readily available cells that line blood vessels.

When birds of a feather poop together
Algal blooms deplete oxygen in lakes, produce toxins, and end up killing aquatic life in the lake.

Destruction of a quantum monopole observed
Scientists at Amherst College (USA) and Aalto University (Finland) have made the first experimental observations of the dynamics of isolated monopoles in quantum matter.

Tea-time means leopard-time in India
A new WCS study finds that leopards are abundant in tea-garden landscapes in north-eastern India, but that their mere presence does not lead to conflicts with people.

'Trojan fish': Invasive rabbitfish spread invasive species
For some time, unicellular benthic organisms from the Indo-Pacific have been spreading in the Mediterranean.

Mepolizumab helps patients with refractory Churg-Strauss syndrome
Mepolizumab, an anti-IL5 monoclonal antibody, increased remission rates, cut exacerbations in half and reduced the need for ongoing corticosteroid therapy in patients with refractory cases of the rare autoimmune disease Churg-Strauss Syndrome, according to research at National Jewish Health and other institutions.

How evolutionary miniaturization in insects influences their organs
Scientists from the Faculty of Biology of the Lomonosov Moscow State University have studied out, how organs of microinsects change their sizes in the process of miniaturization -- reduction in sizes of incest bodies in the process of evolution.

Costs for generic hepatitis C drugs available in India would be paid back in 5 to 10 years
Use of the generic versions of directly-acting antiviral drugs that are available in India to treat hepatitis C virus infection is not only cost effective but actually saves lifetime costs for treating infected patients in that country.

How the brain 'plays' with predictability and randomness to choose the right time to act
The timing of our actions is stubbornly resistant to complete prediction.

Tool may help determine older adults' history of sports concussions
A new study in retired athletes takes the first steps in developing an objective tool for diagnosing a history of sports concussions.

Bitcoin's popular design is being exploited for theft and fraud
The very design features that make Bitcoin technology appealing to its users are also weaknesses being exploited for the theft of the cryptocurrency -- new research reveals.

Cross-species links identified for osteoarthritis
New research from the University of Liverpool, published today in the journal NPJ Systems Biology and Applications, has identified 'cell messages' that could help identify the early stages of osteoarthritis.

Penn Medicine researchers identify biomarkers that may predict cognitive impairment
New biomarkers identified by a research team in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania could help predict which Parkinson's disease patients will suffer significant cognitive deficits within the first three years of their diagnosis.

Research opens the door to improved drugs for type 2 diabetes
In a new study, Wei Liu and his colleagues at The Biodesign Institute join an international team, led by Beili Wu from the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica (SIMM), Chinese Academy of Sciences, to explore a central component in glucose regulation.

Building a better 'bot': Artificial intelligence helps human groups
Artificial intelligence doesn't have to be super-sophisticated to make a difference in people's lives, according to a new Yale University study.

Chances of receiving CPR at home decreases with age
The likelihood of a family member or friend stepping in to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on a person suffering from a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) at home decreases with the victim's age, suggests a new study from Penn Medicine that also found low CPR training rates among older Americans.

No difference in rate of adverse cardiovascular events when comparing anticoagulants
In patients undergoing transradial primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), there was no significant difference in the rate of a composite of death, myocardial infarction and stroke whether they were anticoagulated with bivalirudin or unfractioned heparin, according to a study today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.

Brigatinib first to offer over 1-year control of ALK-positive lung cancer post-crizotinib
Results of a multi-center, 222-person phase 2 clinical trial of the next-generation ALK inhibitor, brigatinib at 180mg/day, used after failure of crizotinib showed a 54 percent response rate and 12.9 month progression-free survival.

Designing better drugs to treat type 2 diabetes
Research led by the University of Adelaide is paving the way for safer and more effective drugs to treat type 2 diabetes, reducing side effects and the need for insulin injections.

Study sheds light on link between diseases like Alzheimer's and normal aging in the brain
Neurodegenerative diseases are often associated with protein aggregates, highly intractable clumps of protein.

NRL tests autonomous 'soaring with solar' concept
NRL researchers at the Vehicle Research Section and Photovoltaic Section are building on the proven concept of autonomous cooperative soaring of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), which enables long endurance flights of unmanned sailplanes that use the power of the Sun.

Early MRI may lower costs for prostate cancer treatment
A diagnostic MRI followed by one of three MRI-guided biopsy strategies is a cost-effective method to detect prostate cancer, according to a new study out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center.

Testing quantum field theory in a quantum simulator
Quantum field theories are often hard to verify in experiments.

Analysis examines safety of antidepressant use during pregnancy
Use of fluoxetine -- the most commonly prescribed antidepressant -- during pregnancy is linked with a slightly increased risk of malformations in infants, according to a recent analysis of published studies.

Hospital-acquired anemia more common, increases risks
One in three patients hospitalized for medical problems experienced a drop in their red blood cell count due to the hospitalization -- a concept called hospital-acquired anemia, new research showed.

Personalized medicine: The promise, the hype and the pitfalls
Who owns your health data and why? Who really benefits from new cancer treatment development?

NASA's Van Allen Probes spot man-made barrier shrouding Earth
Humans have long been shaping Earth's landscape, but now scientists know that we also can shape our near-space environment with radio communications, which have been found to interact with particles in space.

Time flies: Insect fossils in amber shed light on India's geological history
Researchers have identified three new species of insects encased in Cambay amber dating from over 54 million years ago.

Researchers identify changes in lung cells following infections
When people develop a respiratory infection, recovery from their illness leaves behind an immunological memory that influences how they will respond to later infections.

Are we educating educators about academic integrity?
A study by Swansea University researchers has found that student academic integrity is not a core concept taught to academics in Higher Education.

Study confirms benefits of fennel in reducing postmenopause symptoms
Fennel, an anise-flavored herb used for cooking, has long been known for its health benefits for a variety of issues, including digestion and premenstrual symptoms.

Scientists begin to unlock secrets of deep ocean color from organic matter
About half of atmospheric carbon dioxide is fixed by ocean's phytoplankton through a process called photosynthesis.

Orangutans suckle for up to eight years, teeth reveal
Researchers have developed a method for tracking characteristically elusive nursing patterns in primates and used it to discover that some immature orangutans suckle for eight years or more -- exceeding the maximum weaning age reported for other non-human primates.

Dams are major driver of global environmental change
Water reservoirs created by damming rivers could have significant impacts on the world's carbon cycle and climate system that aren't being accounted for, a new study concludes.

Pain linked to non-medical prescription opioid use in young adults
hysical pain--often

Three little letters that could make you a big hero at the beach this summer: CPR
New study shows that bystander CPR is associated with favorable neurological survival for drowning victims in cardiac arrest

Canadian prof discovers way to help heart failure patients
Prof. Jeremy Simpson has linked shortness of breath in heart failure to a hormonal imbalance in the brain using mice.

Opiate use study in hospitalized seniors with nonsurgical conditions shows negative outcomes
Also being presented at AGS: Study on medical marijuana (MM) shows reluctance in those 65+ to try newly legalized option.

Improved care of osteoarthritis may help improve older patients' mobility
In a large study of individuals aged 55 years, hip and knee osteoarthritis was the greatest contributor to difficulty walking, and the effect increased with more hips and knees affected by osteoarthritis.

News from WCS: Tiger breakthrough: Camera trap time stamps provide valuable data for conservationist
Spatial capture-recapture model analysis is often used to estimate tiger abundance.

Using loyalty to football clubs to get men aged 30-65 years more active
Researchers in the UK, Portugal, Norway and the Netherlands are working with 15 European professional football clubs in their countries to try and engage more men aged 30-65 years to sit less and move more.

Gene that affects cell power supply may hold key to bowel disease
A key gene that helps to explain an underlying cause of incurable bowel disorders such as Crohn's disease has been identified by scientists.

Blind people have brain map for 'visual' observations too
Is what you're looking at an object, a face, or a tree?

UC San Diego chemists create the ultimate natural sunscreen
Chemists, materials scientists and nanoengineers at UC San Diego have created what may be the ultimate natural sunscreen.

Extra weight may increase dental risks
Being overweight or obese was linked with an increased likelihood of having poor oral health in a recent study.

Cutting down on cancer surgeries
Engineers combine light and sound in a microscopy technique that could allow surgeons to determine -- in the operating room -- whether a tumor has been completely removed from a cancer patient, reducing the need for follow-up surgeries.

Social networking for the proteome, upgraded
Harvard Medical School researchers have mapped the interaction partners for proteins encoded by more than 5,800 genes, representing over a quarter of the human genome, according to a new study published online in Nature on May 17.

Ozone and haze pollution weakens land carbon uptake in China
A study led by Dr. YUE Xu from CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics provides the first systematic assessment of the effects of ozone and aerosol haze pollution on terrestrial ecosystem health and land carbon assimilation in China, for the present day and two possible future scenarios.

Resurrecting identities in the Andes
Ancient people were complex just like you, but until recently, archaeologists' understanding of human identities from the past were limited to broad labels like gender and social status.

Cancer therapy may work in unexpected way, study finds
Antibodies to the proteins PD-1 and PD-L1 have been shown to fight cancer by unleashing the body's T cells, a type of immune cell.

Precise mechanisms of a calcium-dependent kinase during the formation of new memories
The protein CaMKII mediates calcium signals in the synaptic connections, where it plays a crucial role in the regulation of synaptic plasticity -- the cellular basis of learning and memory.

Current stimulation may keep visual neurons alive after injury -- but at a cost
In a study published in Scientific Reports, researchers from Magdeburg University (Germany) and The Chinese University of Hong Kong report that for rats and mice, repetitive transorbital alternating current stimulation (rtACS) may help preserve visual neurons from cell death after injury.

Lower socioeconomic status is linked to obesity through distress and emotional eating
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Porto, Portugal, shows that lower socioeconomic status is associated with higher body-mass index (BMI) through its effects on distress and subsequent emotional eating.

Drug improves survival of patients with rare cancer by almost a quarter
Patients who take capecitabine after surgery for bile duct cancer live for almost a year and a half longer than those not given the drug.

Proof-of principle study finds imatinib improves symptoms for patients with severe asthma
In a new, proof-of-principle study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital have found that targeting the mast cells with imatinib, a drug used to effectively treat certain forms of cancer, improved airway hyperresponsiveness, a measure of the sensitivity of the airway, and decreased the number of mast cells present in the airway.

How have European freshwater fish species changed over time?
Over time, humans have contributed to the loss of native species and have introduced non-native species throughout Europe.

Researchers create first significant examples of optical crystallography for nanomaterials
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a novel way to determine crystal type based on optics -- by identifying the unique ways in which these crystals absorb light.

Looking beyond the breeding grounds
Monarch butterfly populations are shrinking. New research at Michigan State University, published in the current issue of the journal Ecography, makes a strong case that the reasons for this decline go far beyond what's happening on the wintering grounds and addresses a current controversy about the primary causes of the specie's decline.

Blue and purple corn: Not just for tortilla chips anymore
Consumers today insist on all-natural everything, and food dyes are no exception.

Migrant children less obese due to absent grandmothers -- study
Children of migrants to Chinese cities have lower rates of obesity than youngsters in more affluent established urban families -- probably because their grandparents are not around to over-feed them, a new study has found.

Study shows protein called 'survivin' which protects fat cells from death is at higher levels in obese people and could be target for treatment of obesity and cancer
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Porto, Portugal, shows the obese people have higher levels of a protein called survivin, which protects fat-containing adipocyte cells in the body from being destroyed.

Better cathode materials for lithium-sulphur-batteries
A team at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) has for the first time fabricated a nanomaterial made from nanoparticles of a titanium oxide compound (Ti4O7) that is characterized by an extremely large surface area, and tested it as a cathode material in lithium-sulphur batteries.

Ultrafast tunable semiconductor metamaterial created
An international team of researchers has devised an ultrafast tunable metamaterial based on gallium arsenide nanoparticles, as published by Nature Communications.

Children and adolescents who eat pasta have better overall diet quality new research shows
New research shows that pasta consumption in children and adolescents is associated with a better diet quality than that of children who do not eat pasta.

Blacks, Hispanics less likely to see neurologist as outpatient
Black and Hispanic people are less likely to see a neurologist in the office or as an outpatient than white people in the United States, according to a study published in the May 17, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Penn study: Friendship group influences dating violence risk for early-maturing girls
A new study led by the University of Pennsylvania's Sara R.

Injured bones reconstructed by gene and stem cell therapies
A Cedars-Sinai-led team of investigators has successfully repaired severe limb fractures in laboratory animals with an innovative technique that cues bone to regrow its own tissue.

Wallflower center pack baboons find place
Using high-resolution GPS tracking, UC Davis Assistant Professor Margaret Crofoot and her team of researchers continuously monitored the movements of nearly an entire baboon troop in central Kenya to discover how interactions among group-mates influenced where in the troop individuals tended to be found.

The impact of the rise in new drug rejections
The number of new drug applications rejected by the US Food and Drug Administration has been on the rise.

Large volcanic eruption may have caused the first mass extinction
Researchers say they may have found the cause of the first mass extinction of life.

Following gastric band surgery, device-related reoperation common, costly
Among Medicare beneficiaries undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric band surgery, reoperation was common, costly, and varied widely across hospital referral regions, according to a study published by JAMA Surgery.

Why a crackly crust is essential to a baguette's aroma and taste
An authentic French baguette is one of those key staples that foodies hunt for.

New test to rapidly diagnose sepsis
Researchers have developed a test that can rapidly and reliably diagnose sepsis, a potentially life-threatening complication of bacterial infections.

Not all cool pavements are created equal
Cool pavements can help keep cities cool, right? Yes, but according to new research from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), many reflective pavements have some unexpected drawbacks relative to conventional pavements when considering the entire life cycle of the materials.

New imaging technique aims to ensure surgeons completely remove cancer
A new imaging technique produces cellular images detailed enough for doctors to distinguish cancerous from normal tissue.

Even small quantities of opioids prescribed for minor injuries increase risk of long-term use
Patients who received their first opioid prescription for an ankle sprain treated in US emergency departments (EDs) commonly received prescriptions for anywhere from 15 to 40 pills, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Stopping sales of unhealthy soft drinks in sport centers leads to inceased sales of healthy drinks
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Porto, Portugal shows that stopping sales of unhealthy soft drinks in sports centers can lead to increases in sales of healthier drinks and the same level of overall sales.

Few willing to pay a price for equitable treatment in aviation screenings
The USC study also found that women were more willing than men to wait longer and to pay more for airport security to ensure equitable treatment when asked about selective secondary screenings based on race and other such characteristics. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to