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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | June 09, 2017


The largest virtual Universe ever simulated
Researchers from the University of Zurich have simulated the formation of our entire Universe with a large supercomputer.
Clemson graduate uncovers link between toxicants and lipid metabolism
Doctoral graduate Namrata Sengupta's research on water fleas culminates in journal article that describes how certain toxicants can affect development and progression to reproductive maturity.
Physicists use numerical 'tweezers' to study nuclear interactions
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Ruhr-Universit├Ąt Bochum have developed numerical 'tweezers' that can pin a nucleus in place, enabling them to study how interactions between protons and neutrons produce forces between nuclei.
New form of carbon that's hard as a rock, yet elastic, like rubber
Carbon is an element of seemingly infinite possibilities. This is because the configuration of its electrons allows for numerous self-bonding combinations that give rise to a range of materials with varying properties.
New report: Social, behavioral, and economic sciences contribute to advancing NSF mission
The social, behavioral, and economic (SBE) sciences make significant contributions to the National Science Foundation's mission to advance health, prosperity and welfare, national defense, and progress in science, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
New study design holds promise for drug safety research
As the pace of drug approvals accelerates and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) faces potential budget cuts, a new research design from Perelman School of Medicine scientists offers a new way to successfully assess safety of newly approved drugs, as well as drugs that have been on the market for a long time and have had a marked rise in their use.
Removal of aging cells could extend human life
A research team, led by South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology has confirmed that targeting SnCs could treat age-related degenerative joint disease.
Batteries from scrap metal
Chinese scientists have made good use of waste while finding an innovative solution to a technical problem by transforming rusty stainless steel mesh into electrodes with outstanding electrochemical properties that make them ideal for potassium-ion batteries.
The first nanometrically-sized superelastic alloy
Nature Nanotechnology has published the results of a piece of research into alloys with shape memory conducted by the Department of Physics of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country.
Drug combination benefits patients with tophaceous gout
The drug lesinurad in combination with febuxostat was better at lowering blood levels of urate than febuxostat alone in a phase III clinical trial of 324 patients with tophaceous gout.
Graphene enhancing our vision of the infinitely small
OIST researchers report using one-atom-thin graphene film to drastically enhance the quality of electron microscopy images.
Unraveling the mysteries of Nipponosaurus
Nipponosaurus sachalinensis -- a controversial hadrosaurid dinosaur whose fossilized skeleton was unearthed in southern Sakhalin in 1934 -- is found to be a valid taxon and a juvenile that had not reached sexual maturity.
Researchers compute their way toward cleaner coal plants
In an effort to design cleaner coal power plants, RWTH Aachen University researchers have been using High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart resources to perfrom some of the most detailed multiphase turbulence simulations ever run.
Study shows Cesarean patients sent home with more narcotic pain medications than needed
Most women who undergo a cesarean childbirth are prescribed more opioid (narcotic) pain medications than needed upon release from the hospital, a Vanderbilt University Medical Center study shows.
It's a breeze: How to harness the power of the wind
Scientists from the University of Rhode Island, Florida Atlantic University, USA, and Wuhan University, China, teamed up to find a way to optimize wind power for use, even when it's not blowing.
Infants born preterm may lack key lung cells later in life
Mice born into an oxygen-rich environment respond worse to the flu once fully grown due to an absence of certain lung cells, a discovery that provides a potential explanation for preterm infants' added susceptibility to influenza and other lung diseases later in their lives, according to new research from the University of Rochester Medical Center.
Fractal planting patterns yield optimal harvests, without central control
Bali's famous rice terraces, when seen from above, look like colorful mosaics because some farmers plant synchronously, while others plant at different times.
UNIST improves remote detection of hazardous radioactive substances
A research team, led by South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology has proposed a new method that might be used to detect nuclear hazards from up to a few hundred meters away.
Harnessing computational intelligence to improve the management of health emergencies
The analysis of thousands of records of patients' physiological values has allowed a researcher in the UPV/EHU's Computational Research Group (GIC) to develop a system of algorithms to determine the degree of seriousness of the condition of the patients.
New way to weigh a white dwarf: Use Hubble Space Telescope
For the first time, astronomers have used a novel method to determine the mass of a type of star known as a 'white dwarf' -- the shrunken corpse of a dead star that used to be like our sun.
Hubble applauds waltzing dwarfs
This seemingly unspectacular series of dots with varying distances between them actually shows the slow waltz of two brown dwarfs.
Biodiversity is 3-D
The species-area relationship (SAC) is a long-time considered pattern in ecology and is discussed in most of academic Ecology books.
Cash for weight loss
A new study, published in the journal Social Science and Medicine, has shown that selling rewards programmes to participants entering a weight loss programme is a low cost strategy to increase both the magnitude and duration of weight loss.
University of Iowa study examines link between obesity, food container chemical subsitutes
A new study from the University of Iowa shows that a pair of common chemicals that manufacturers use to make plastic food containers, water bottles, and other consumer products do not contribute to obesity to the extent of the chemical it's replacing.
IUPUI study finds risk for binge drinking differs by race, income and changes with age
An Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis study finds differing risk for binge drinking based on race, income and age.
Being overweight linked to longer life in older diabetics
Among older patients with diabetes, those who are overweight or obese may have a lower risk of dying prematurely than their normal weight counterparts.
UNIST engineers robotic device helping stroke survivors recover
A research team, led by South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology has introduced a new robotic tool for assessments of muscle overactivity and movement dysfunction in stroke survivors.
Space-traveling flatworms help scientists enhance understanding of regenerative health
Flatworms that spent five weeks aboard the International Space Station are helping researchers led by Tufts University scientists to study how an absence of normal gravity and geomagnetic fields can have anatomical, behavioral, and bacteriological consequences, according to a paper to be published June 13 in Regeneration.
NIH-led workshop addresses opioid misuse during pregnancy
Research is essential to determining how best to screen pregnant women for opioid use disorder, to treat pregnant women who have the disorder, and to care for infants as they experience withdrawal symptoms, according to experts convened for a National Institutes of Health workshop in April 2016.
New blood test uses nanotechnology to predict aggressive prostate cancer accurately
A new diagnostic developed by Alberta scientists will allow men to bypass painful biopsies to test for aggressive prostate cancer.
Mussels add muscle to biocompatible fibers
Rice University chemists use the sticky substance found in mussels to develop self-assembling, biocompatible macroscale fibers that can be used as scaffolds for directed cell growth.
Parasitic nematodes that cause greatest agricultural damage abandoned sex
The nematode worms that cause the world's most devastating crop losses have given up on sexual reproduction and instead rely on their large, duplicated genomes to thrive in new environments.
New cancer drug tested in mice may benefit certain leukemia patients
Scientists have found up to 30 percent of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia or ALL patients have Philadelphia chromosome, where two segments of chromosomes have aberrantly fused together.
Study shows texting as good as medication at improving type 2 diabetes management
Low-income Hispanics with Type 2 diabetes who received health-related text messages every day for six months saw improvements in their blood sugar levels that equaled those resulting from some glucose-lowering medications, researchers with the Scripps Whittier Diabetes Institute reported today.
Male farmers at highest risk of contracting 'monkey malaria' in Malaysia
Adult male farmers in Malaysia are more than twice as likely to contract Plasmodium knowlesi malaria -- an infection usually found only in monkeys -- than other people in their communities, according to a new study by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Menzies School of Health Research.
Chemists brought mixed folded proteins to life
Scientists from ITMO University in Saint Petersburg and Hebrew University in Jerusalem have found a way to recover a protein structure after its chemical denaturation.
Mind the liquid gap: Liquids are capable of supporting waves with short wavelengths only
Flowing particles in liquids act as a filter to suppress long-wavelength waves but allow short-wavelength ones to be supported, according to physicists at Queen Mary University of London.
Balance and movement improved in animal model of Parkinson's disease
Researchers at UCLA have developed a molecular compound that improves balance and coordination in mice with early stage Parkinson's disease.
Soft shelled turtles, food in China, likely spread cholera
The pathogen, Vibrio cholerae can colonize the surfaces, as well as the intestines of soft shelled turtles.
New findings aim to improve global medical device standard on auditory alarms
Participants recognized and remembered each of the four prototype alarm sets better than those designed under the current IEC standard, and could localize three of the four prototype alarms faster and more accurately.
Radiation therapy vital to treating brain tumors, but it exacts a toll
Radiation therapy (RT) using high-energy particles is a common and critical component in successfully treating patients with brain tumors but it is also associated with significant adverse effects.
Prednisone may improve effectiveness of AAV-based gene therapy by reducing immune response
A new study of gene transfer using adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based gene delivery into skeletal muscle of rhesus macaques showed that oral prednisone reduced immune responses to AAV that can weaken expression of the therapeutic transgene over time.
Distance patients must travel illustrates growing inaccessibility of abortion
Abortion fund recipients who have to travel out of state for an abortion travel roughly 10 times farther for their procedures than patients able to get care in their homes states.
Flaws in a tumor's genetic mending kit drive treatment response to immunotherapy
In an expanded, three-year clinical trial of 86 patients with colorectal and 11 other kinds of cancer that have so-called 'mismatch repair' genetic defects, scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine and its Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy have found that half of the patients respond to an immunotherapy drug called pembrolizumab (Keytruda).
Experiences of African American christian counseling students with LGB clients
A new study looks at the experiences of African American Christian counseling students from the Black church as they seek to balance their faith and ethical responsibilities in working with lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) clients.
Retina may be sensitive gauge of blast-wave pressure injury
Although traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a well-recognized consequence of extreme blast waves, it is less appreciated that over 80 percent of combat veterans with TBI also develop visual problems.

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