Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 11, 2017
Short duration of breastfeeding and maternal obesity linked to fatty liver in adolescents
Infants who were breastfed for less than six months before starting infant formula milk and infants who had mothers who were obese at the start of pregnancy, were much more likely to develop nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as adolescents, according to a novel study in the Journal of Hepatology.

PET imaging of atherosclerosis reveals risk of plaque rupture
A new study shows that a hybrid molecular imaging system unites three imaging modalities to map the composition of dangerous arterial plaques before they rupture and induce a major cardiac event.

Chemical composition and microhardness of human enamel treated with fluoridated whintening agents
Aesthetic treatments are always widely sought by dental patients, especially dental whitening, in order to get whiter smiles.

Short regulatory gene spotted
Two proteins produced by a single gene interact to keep the genome in check.

A changing climate affects plankton populations
Data from a global oceanographic expedition predict how rising temperatures influence growth of plankton populations.

Neuro-receptor PET could provide an early warning for alcoholic relapse
A study presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) reveals how brain receptors involved in the compulsion to drink, adapt to alcohol-dependency by reducing their bioavailability, but return to their normal availability after a modest period of detoxification.

Targeted photodynamic therapy shown highly effective against prostate cancer
Researchers presenting a preclinical study at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) demonstrated the efficacy and optimal dose for targeted photodynamic therapy (tPDT) to treat prostate cancer before and during surgery.

Fasting plasma glucose and insulin are determinants of dietary weight loss success
Differentiated findings for people with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes presented at the American Diabetes Association® 77th Scientific Sessions: For prediabetes, a fiber-rich diet; For type 2 diabetes, a diet rich in healthy fats.

Lianas stifle tree fruit and seed production in tropical forests
Vines compete intensely with trees. Their numbers are on the rise in many tropical forests around the world.

Fasting glucose as a marker for greater weight loss on a high-fiber, low-glycemic diet
Preliminary study data presented at the American Diabetes Association's 77th Scientific Sessions finds that study participants with high fasting plasma glucose lost more weight than those with low fasting plasma glucose when following a high-fiber, low-glycemic load diet.

Investigators examine the relationship between pain and opioid abuse
The drug overdose epidemic is largely driven by opioids, which continue to be prescribed for chronic pain despite recommendations to use non-opioids for most cases.
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