Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 16, 2017
Nickel for thought: Compound shows potential for high-temperature superconductivity
Argonne researchers have identified a nickel oxide compound as an unconventional but promising candidate material for high-temperature superconductivity.

Is it ok for parents to be supportive to children's negative emotions?
New research suggests that whereas mothers who are more supportive of their children's negative emotions rate their children as being more socially skilled, these same children appear less socially adjusted when rated by teachers.

New effective treatments for psoriatic arthritis patients
The results of two studies presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR) 2017 press conference revealed promising data supporting two new drug classes for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

Radon increases risk for malignant skin cancer
A new study by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) about residential radon exposure in Switzerland shows that the radioactive gas radon increases the risk for developing malignant skin cancer.

New approach improves ability to predict metals' reactions with water
The wide reach of corrosion, a multitrillion-dollar global problem, may someday be narrowed considerably thanks to a new, better approach to predict how metals react with water.

Skin disease caused by sperm cell transmission of keratin mutation
Nagoya University research identified a patient with the whole-body skin disease epidermolytic ichthyosis that had been inherited as a germline mutation from her father with the milder epidermolytic nevus.

Novel approach may improve valve function in some patients
Pulsed cavitation ultrasound can be used to remotely soften human degenerative calcified biosprosthetic valves and significantly improve the valve opening function, according to a novel study published today in JACC: Basic to Translational Science.

Older adults can improve movement by using same motor strategy as babies
The researchers hypothesized that older participants would not be able to maintain an increase in speed and amplitude of movement over time due to fatigue, but were surprised to discover that making mistakes helped improve future task performance.

Increase in ciguatera fish poisoning cases in Europe
Fish is a healthy diet, it supplies important omega-3 fatty acids and trace elements like iodine and selenium.

New web calculator to more accurately predict bowel cancer survival
'How long do I have, doctor?' For many cancer patients, following the initial shock of their diagnosis, thoughts quickly turn to estimating how much precious time they have left with family and friends or whether certain treatments could prolong their life.

Antibiotics promote resistance on experimental croplands
Canadian researchers have generated both novel and existing antibiotic resistance mechanisms on experimental farmland, by exposing the soil to specific antibiotics.

Scientists solve 30-year old mystery on how resistance genes spread
For more than 30 years, scientists have proposed that resistance genes actually originate from the microorganisms producing the antibiotic.

Biologists have explored how testate amoebae survive in peat fires
An International team from China University of Geosciences, University of York and Lomonosov Moscow State University have studied the impact of wildfire on testate amoebae -- one of the dominant microbial groups in peat bogs.

Obamacare key to improving access in Mexican-American patients with hypertension
A Drexel study found that the Affordable Care Act, if embraced, can dramatically reduce disparities between Mexican-heritage people and white patients with hypertension.

Why is one twin smaller than the other? Answer could lie in the placenta
When a baby is born small, it's often attributed to genetic factors or maternal risk factors like poor nutrition or smoking.

New relapse prediction tool reduces cost of rheumatoid arthritis treatment
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology 2017 have shown that the combined use of two measurements to accurately predict the risk of relapse in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) allows successful dose reduction (tapering) of their disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

Viral vectors for gene transfer travel longer distances in the brain than thought
Gene transfer with laboratory-produced viruses is seen as a hopeful therapy for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's patients.

I can hear you now: Clinic provides free hearing aids for low-income adults
An intervention at a free clinic that included comprehensive care for hearing was able to provide recycled, donated hearing aids to low-income adults, according to a study published by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Genes explain higher prevalence of CVD in chronic IMID patients
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology 2017 represent an important step towards characterising the genetic basis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in chronic immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID).

MAVEN's top 10 discoveries at Mars
Since its launch in November 2013 and its orbit insertion in September 2014, MAVEN has been exploring the upper atmosphere of Mars.

In Medicaid patients, fatal overdose risk rises with opioid dose and sedative-hypnotic use
Among Medicaid patients taking opioids for chronic pain, the risk of fatal overdose rises steadily with daily opioid dose, reports a study in the July issue of Medical Care.

Education a top priority
Various studies have revealed that a majority of Western European populations support increased investment in education.

Researchers use light to manipulate mosquitoes
Scientists at the University of Notre Dame have found that exposure to just 10 minutes of light at night suppresses biting and manipulates flight behavior in the Anopheles gambiae mosquito, the major vector for transmission of malaria in Africa.

Broccoli in focus when new substance against diabetes has been identified
Researchers have identified an antioxidant -- richly occurring in broccoli -- as a new antidiabetic substance.

Mathematicians deliver formal proof of Kepler Conjecture
A mathematical problem more than 300 years old gets a formal proof with the help of computer formal verification.

New medication guidelines for rheumatic disease patients having joint replacement
In the first such collaboration of its kind, an expert panel of rheumatologists and orthopedic surgeons has developed guidelines for the perioperative management of anti-rheumatic medication in patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement.

Researchers send DNA on sequential, and consequential, building mission
A team of scientists has developed a method to create structures whose building blocks are a millionth of a meter in size by encoding DNA with assembly instructions.

The coupling relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment in urban agglomeration
In the period of the 13th national five-year plan, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration will be constructed as one of the largest urban agglomerations in the world.

New study shows for first time link between passive smoking in childhood and rheumatoid arthritis
The results of a study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology 2017 press conference confirmed the link between active smoking and the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Investigating emotional spillover in the brain
When we let emotions from one event carry on to the next, such spillover can color our impressions and behavior in new situations - sometimes for the worse.

Researchers find way to reduce environmental impact of idling buses and delivery trucks
Researchers at the University of Waterloo have developed a system for service vehicles that could reduce emissions and save companies and governments millions of dollars per year in fuel costs.

Quality of early family relationships predicts children's affect regulation
The birth of a child is often a long-awaited and deeply meaningful event for the parents.

Biosimilar concerns of rheumatology patients being addressed by national program
To address the fear and insecurity expressed by rheumatology patients on being switched from a biologic to a biosimilar treatment for their arthritis, the Danish Rheumatism Association has participated in a national program designed to ensure patients received independent information about biosimilars, along with closer monitoring of prescriptions to provide reassurance about their safety.

Study casts doubt about link between eczema, cardiovascular disease
Despite mixed evidence recently about an association between atopic dermatitis and cardiovascular disease, a new study that analyzed more than 250,000 medical records suggests there is no link.

Distant brain regions selectively recruit stem cells
Stem cells persist in the adult mammalian brain and generate new neurons throughout life.

New approach to unlock the genetic potential of plant cell wall
Researchers from the University of York and the Quadram Institute have unlocked the genetic secrets of plant cell walls, which could help improve the quality of plant-based foods.

New prospects for universal memory -- high speed of RAM and the capacity of flash
One of many research teams and companies' major goals is to develop universal memory -- a storage medium that would combine the high speed of RAM with nonvolatility of a flash drive.

Genes and the environment? Factors, patterns that lead to childhood obesity risk
A factor that has been linked to childhood obesity is restrictive feeding practices by primary caregivers, the implication being that it may interfere with a child's ability to learn to self-regulate food intake.

Building a better alligator: Researchers develop advanced 3-D models of bite data
The ability to bite hard is critical for crocodilians to eat their food such as turtles, wildebeest and other large prey; therefore, their anatomy is closely studied by veterinarians and paleontologists who are interested in animal movements and anatomy.

Research finds common household chemicals lead to birth defects in mice
A new study at the Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine (VCOM) and the Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia Tech has found a connection between common household chemicals and birth defects.

Among farmworkers, immigrants are less likely to use SNAP
The federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) -- formerly known as 'food stamps' -- that helps low-income individuals and families purchase food is less likely to be used by farmworkers eligible for the benefit who are immigrants, Hispanic, male, childless or residing in California, new research from UC Davis health economists shows.

New data shows low risk nicotine product snus is 95 percent safer than smoking
New data analysis presented today at the annual Global Forum on Nicotone (GFN) meeting demonstrates the potential of the low risk tobacco product snus in reducing the impact of tobacco related disease and death in Europe.

Faster performance evaluation of 'super graphs'
Korean researchers have developed a more nimble computer-based model that quickly analyzes the performance of super graphs, such as those used by Google to rank Internet websites.

Gout hospitalization exacerbated by failure to prescribe recommended urate-lowering treatment
The results of a Swedish study presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology (EULAR) 2017 revealed an increasing incidence of hospitalization due to gout over the last decade, with a resultant increase in health care costs.

Shaking Schroedinger's cat
Frequent measurement of a quantum system's state can either speed or delay its collapse, effects called the quantum Zeno and quantum anti-Zeno effect.

Bangladesh's heavy rainfall examined with NASA's IMERG
At least 156 people in Bangladesh were killed during the past week by landslides and floods caused by heavy rainfall.

Excess risk of cardiovascular events in RA patients decreased since start of 21st century
The results of a meta-analysis presented for the first time today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology 2017 press conference showed that the excess risk of cardiovascular events in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients relative to the general population has decreased since the year 2000.

Chinese urbanization 2050: SD modeling and process simulation
What is the highest stable urbanization level that China can reach?

Education for people with RMDS and employers can improve ability to work
The results of an educational programme implemented by the Galician Rheumatology League, presented today at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology 2017, showed that providing education and advice to people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease and their employers can make a significant difference to the ability to work.

Bacteria free themselves with molecular 'speargun'
Many bacteria are armed with nano-spearguns, which they use to combat unwelcome competitors or knockout host cells. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to