Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 05, 2017
Skin plays significant role in spread of leishmaniasis
Scientists at the University of York have discovered that parasites responsible for leishmaniasis -- a globally occurring neglected tropical disease spread by sand flies -- are mainly acquired from the skin rather than a person's blood.

Digital communication improves young patient engagement, according to new study
Using texts, emails, Skype and other digital communication methods can improve the health care experience of younger patients.

Dazzling spiral with an active heart
ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT) has captured a magnificent face-on view of the barred spiral galaxy Messier 77.

University of Toronto study shows our faces reveal whether we're rich or poor
A study by social psychologists at University of Toronto shows that people can reliably tell if someone is richer or poorer than average just by looking at a neutral face without any expression.

'Near-zero-power' temperature sensor could make wearables, smart devices less power-hungry
Electrical engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a temperature sensor that runs on only 113 picowatts of power -- 628 times lower power than the state of the art and about 10 billion times smaller than a watt.

Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage
Researchers at Stanford and MIT have used two complementary nanotechnologies to develop a 3-D computer chip that could enable new generation of energy-efficient electronics for data-intensive applications.

First battery-free cellphone makes calls by harvesting ambient power
UW engineers have designed the first battery-free cellphone that can send and receive calls using only a few microwatts of power, which it harvests from ambient radio signals or light.

University of Illinois researchers combat VR eye strain with new display method
Liang Gao, an assistant professor electrical and computer engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and graduate student Wei Cui have created a new optical mapping 3-D display that makes VR viewing more comfortable.

From dry to wet: Rainfall might abruptly increase in Africa's Sahel
Climate change could turn one of Africa's driest regions into a very wet one by suddenly switching on a Monsoon circulation.

Over 1.2 million people in England and Wales will be living with dementia by 2040
By 2040, there will be over 1.2 million people living with dementia in England and Wales (an increase of 57 percent from 2016), largely due to increased life expectancy, say researchers in The BMJ today.

Higher BMI linked with increased risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes
Results of a new study add to the evidence of an association between higher body mass index (BMI) and increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, according to a study published by JAMA Cardiology.

Neutrons detect elusive Higgs amplitude mode in quantum material
A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has used sophisticated neutron scattering techniques to detect an elusive quantum state known as the Higgs amplitude mode in a two-dimensional material.

Gut bacteria can help to predict how the body will respond to fatty foods
Chemical signatures from gut bacteria which show up in urine can be used to predict how the body will respond to a 'junk' diet.

Marine parasites: Different strokes for different folks
The bigger the host, the better for its guests. That certainly holds for parasitic barnacles.

Probing psychopathic brains
Using a mobile MRI scanner to image the brains of prison inmates, Harvard researchers have found that the brains of people who show signs of psychopathy are wired in a way that leads them to over-value immediate rewards and neglect the future consequences of potentially dangerous or immoral actions.

Investigating folding stability and dynamics of proteins
Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois recently used Fast Relaxation Imaging (FReI) to investigate the folding stability and dynamics of proteins within polyacrylamide hydrogels.

Simple blood test predicts anemia risk after malaria treatment
Researchers have adapted an existing diagnostic test for malaria to predict the dangerous complications that sometimes arise after the parasite is eradicated from patients' blood.

Calm lakes on Titan could mean smooth landing for future space probes
The lakes of liquid methane on Saturn's moon, Titan, are perfect for paddling but not for surfing.

Sugar intake during pregnancy is associated with allergy and allergic asthma in children
High maternal sugar intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of allergy and allergic asthma in the offspring, according to an early study led by Queen Mary University of London involving almost 9,000 mother-child pairs.

Greenland's summer ocean bloom likely fueled by iron
Iron-rich meltwater from Greenland's glaciers are helping fuel a summer bloom of phytoplankton.

PPPL researchers demonstrate first hot plasma edge in a fusion facility
Article describes first experimental finding of constant temperature in a fusion plasma.

Sex now needs to be included as a biological variable in NIH-funded research, but how?
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) instituted a policy that now expects sex to be considered as a variable, much like a subject's age or weight, in the biomedical research it funds, but researchers appear unclear what this should entail.

Personal neoantigen vaccine prompts strong anti-tumor response in patients, study shows
A personal cancer treatment vaccine that targets distinctive 'neoantigens' on tumor cells has been shown to stimulate a potent, safe, and highly specific immune anti-tumor response in melanoma patients, report scientists from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard.

Marijuana and vulnerability to psychosis
An UdeM study confirms the link between marijuana use and psychotic-like experiences in a Canadian adolescent cohort.

Research could give insight into genetic basis of of the human muscle disease, myopathy
Pioneering research using the tropical zebrafish could provide new insights into the genetic basis of myopathy, a type of human muscle disease.

Mice lacking a sense of smell stay thin
Mice engineered to lack a sense of smell lose weight on a high-fat diet, researchers report July 5 in the journal Cell Metabolism.

Less is better: Malaria parasites able to sense their hosts' calorie intake
A new study in Nature has shown that the infectious agent responsible for malaria, the Plasmodium parasite, is able to to sense and actively adapt to the host's nutritional status.

'Nanolock' detects cancer mutation; could lead to early diagnoses, personalized therapies
The moment when healthy cells turn into cancer cells is a critical point.

Self-driving cars may soon be able to make moral and ethical decisions as humans do
A ground-breaking new study challenges the assumption that moral decisions are strongly context dependent and cannot be modeled or described algorithmically, finding that human behavior in dilemma situations can be modeled by a simple value-of-life-based model.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2017
ORNL-led team integrates Earth systems with human impact data for climate predictions with fewer uncertainties; ORNL to develop secure platform to analyze large health datasets for Dept. of Veterans Affairs; ORNL neutrons used to resolve debate over origins of metallic glass behavior; ORNL studies 3-D printing materials that crosslink without heat; New web-based calculator by ORNL shows energy-savings potential of airtight buildings; ORNL combines 3-D printing with casting to produce multi-material, damage-tolerant components.

Greener molecular intermediates may aid drug design
Rice University scientists simplify their method to make molecular precursors for biologically active compounds, making it more environmentally friendly in the process.

Meaningless accelerating scores yield better performance
Seemingly any behavior can be 'gamified' and awarded digital points these days, from tracking the steps you've walked to the online purchases you've made and even the chores you've completed.

Spinning around: A room temperature field-effect transistor using graphene's electron spin
Graphene Flagship researchers based at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden have published in Nature Communications a research paper showing a graphene-based spin field-effect transistor operating at room temperature.

Global erosivity map shows differences between climatic regions
The first ever global erosivity map gives new insights into the geography of the rain's impact on soil erosion.

Synthetic horns may save rhinos if they are not like the real thing
To help stem the tide of rhino poaching, some biotech companies are seeking to develop and manufacture synthetic horns that are identical to the real thing.

'Substance P' in tears -- a noninvasive test for diabetes-related nerve damage?
Levels of a nerve cell signaling molecule called substance P -- measured in tear samples -- might be a useful marker of diabetes-related nerve damage (neuropathy), suggests a study in the July issue of Optometry and Vision Science, the official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

Scientists take a deeper dive into cellular trash
SBP researchers provide new insights on the connection between autophagy and lifespan.

Bowel cancer diagnosis delayed by other illness
A new study revealed that additional serious long-term health conditions, such as heart disease, can push a bowel cancer diagnosis back by up to twenty six days.

New guideline on pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy -- Journal of Women's Health Physical Therapy presents evidence-based recommendations
Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a common condition that causes pain and physical impairment, most frequently during the antepartum (before delivery) period.

Neuroscientists call for more comprehensive view of how brain forms memories
Neuroscientists from the University of Chicago argue that research on how memories form in the brain should consider activity of groups of brain cells working together, not just the connections between them.

Study: Handshaking viewed more positively by Westerners than by East Asians
Westerners view handshaking more positively than do East Asians, researchers report in a new study.

Ancient fungi could help Canada's future northern forests
As Canada's vast boreal and tundra ecosystems experience dramatic warming due to climate change, trees are rapidly spreading north.

New method helps fighting future pandemics
By developing a new technique for labeling the gene segments of influenza viruses, researchers now know more about how influenza viruses enter the cell and establish cell co-infections -- a major contributing factor to potential pandemic development.

Early-life pain may lead to obesity risk, especially in females, study finds
Inflammatory pain at birth changes how the hippocampus, a part of the brain associated with memory and eating behavior, works later in life, and this pain also causes adult rats to eat more frequently and in larger amounts, according to a study by Georgia State University and the Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center.

Bacteria collaborate to propel the ocean 'engine'
Essential microbiological interactions that keep our oceans stable have been fully revealed for the first time, by researchers at the University of Warwick.

Brain's immune cells may drive overeating and weight gain
Immune cells in the brain trigger overeating and weight gain in response to diets rich in fat, according to a new study in mice led by researchers from UC San Francisco and the University of Washington Medical Center.

Recreating interstellar ions with lasers
Trihydrogen, or H3+, has been called the molecule that made the universe, where it plays a greater role in astrochemistry than any other molecule.

In the egg, American bullfrogs learn how to avoid becoming lunch
When exposed to potential predators as an embryo, the invasive American bullfrog becomes harder to kill when it becomes a tadpole, according to a new study.

Mothers with history of herpes can protect their offspring from neurological infection
Pregnant women with a previous history of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection maintain active antibodies against the virus, and researchers have found that this protection can pass to the nervous systems of their offspring.

Know your enemy: Exposing threatened species to predators improves evasive behaviors
A study of burrowing bettongs in the Australian desert has shown for the first time that exposing threatened native animals to small numbers of predators in the wild teaches them how to avoid their enemies.

Intervention for caregivers of dementia patients can lead to substantial Medicaid savings
A new study published in The Gerontologist finds that states could save tens of millions of dollars -- and help more Americans with dementia remain in their communities -- if their caregivers took part in a program designed to improve their emotional and physical well-being so that they were able care for their spouses or partners effectively at home.

Tenofovir alafenamide in chronic hepatitis B: Added benefit not proven, data incomplete
No added benefit can be derived from the incompletely submitted data for adolescents or adults.

Make up after the break up: Men choose sex, women tears and quality time
If a man wants to make amends with his girlfriend after an argument, he should dedicate quality time and shed a few tears while asking for forgiveness.

The surprising trend in extramarital sex in America
Older Americans are cheating on their spouses more than their younger counterparts, with 20 percent of married Americans over age 55 reporting they've engaged in extramarital sex.

This week from AGU: Homemade lava flows fuse science with art
This week from AGU: Homemade lava flows fuse science with art, the in-flight dynamics of volcanic ballistic projectiles and more.

Children in single-mother-by-choice families do just as well as those in two-parent families
A study comparing the well-being of children growing up in single-mother-by-choice and heterosexual two-parent families has found no differences in terms of parent-child relationship or child development.

Physicists read Maxwell's Demon's mind
Pioneering research offers a fascinating view into the inner workings of the mind of 'Maxwell's Demon', a famous thought experiment in physics.

One-step protein purification achieves high yields, purity and activity
A novel method to improve the high-yield, high-purity, high-activity purification of complex proteins by 10- to 500-fold has been developed at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Reconciling predictions of climate change
Harvard researchers have resolved a major conflict in estimates of how much the Earth will warm in response to a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere -- finding that the lower range of estimates offered by historical observations does not take into account long-term patterns of warming.

Smelling your food makes you fat
UC Berkeley researchers developed ways to temporarily eliminate the sense of smell in adult mice, and discovered that those mice that lost smell could eat a high-fat diet and stay a normal weight, while littermates that retained the sense of smell ballooned to twice normal weight.

Researchers make significant progress in engineering digestive system tissues
Researchers at Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine have reached important milestones in their quest to engineer replacement tissue in the lab to treat digestive system conditions -- from infants born with too-short bowels to adults with inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, or fecal incontinence.

Study sheds light on new Lyme disease-causing bacteria
A new species of bacteria that causes Lyme disease needs the same amount of time for transmission after a tick bite compared to previously implicated bacteria, according to new research by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Moms, kids and TV: A complicated relationship that's not all bad
Watching television sometimes gets a bad rap -- especially where children and screen time are concerned -- but not all of it's deserved.

Genetic DJ: Growing cells remix their genes
Moving genes about could help cells to respond to change according to scientists.

Diabetes increasing at alarming rates in sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa is in the midst of a rapidly expanding diabetes epidemic that could have devastating health and economic consequences for the region unless quick and decisive action is taken to turn the tide, according to a major new report from a Lancet commission co-led by Harvard T.H.

Training can improve athletes' stereo vision
Stereo vision allows individuals to perceive depth differences in their surroundings.

When temps rise, Japanese quail require a breeze
Tiny Japanese quail eggs are a small niche market in the United States, but they're a big business in Brazil where they are sold fresh in grocery stores in egg cartons that hold 30 of the small, speckled delicacies, and are a hard-boiled staple on restaurant salad bars.

Fish prefer to swim with sporty shoalmates
Just like humans, many fish like to surround themselves with active companions -- but frisky friends also make for fierce competition.

NASA's Aqua Satellite sees Extra-Tropical Cyclone Nanmadol's remnants east of Japan
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Northwestern Pacific Ocean early on July 5 and captured an image of the remnants of Tropical Depression Nanmadol.

International team develops new way to produce pure hydrogen efficiently
An international team of researchers, including Lehigh University's Christopher J.

Medical tourism in spotlight as experts call for tighter regulation
Countries should unite to tackle unscrupulous advertising of unproven therapies involving stem cells, experts say.

Engineers find way to evaluate green roofs
Green infrastructure is an attractive concept, but there is concern surrounding its effectiveness.

Don't let lower back injuries take you down for the count
Nearly one in three competitive athletes experiences low back pain.

Skin microbe diversity can vary with forest type and habitat in Brazilian frogs
The diversity of microbes on the skin of frog species in Brazil's Atlantic Forest can vary with habitat, according to a study published July 5, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Ananda Brito de Assis from University of São Paulo, Brazil, and colleagues.

Hot imagery of wintering bats suggests group behavior for battling white-nose syndrome
Hot new imagery from temperature-sensing cameras suggests that bats who warm up from hibernation together throughout the winter may be better at surviving white nose syndrome, a disease caused by a cold-loving fungus ravaging insect-eating bat populations in the United States and Canada.

A whole-genome sequenced rice mutant resource for the study of biofuel feedstocks
Researchers at the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute, in collaboration with the Joint Genome Institute, are reporting the first whole-genome sequence of a mutant population of Kitaake, a model variety of rice.

The misappropriation of the identities of famous people on Twitter
The development of supposed self-image on the part of those who are parodied, attacks on the image of internet users and the threats to image by third parties are the most common strategies from users of these profiles,

Reconciled: Climate sensitivity estimates between models and historical data
Scientists have devised an approach to compare the short- and long-term responses, or 'sensitivities,' of the climate to greenhouse gasses, ultimately showing that climate models and historical data are in good agreement.

Fertility treatment does not increase the risk of divorce
Despite repeated claims that the disappointments of infertility and stress of treatment can put intolerable strain on relationships, a large nationwide study involving more than 40,000 women has found that fertility treatment does not increase the risk of divorce.

The comeback kid -- black phosphorus and its new potential
When it was discovered over a century ago, black phosphorus was considered relatively useless.

Flowers' genome duplication contributes to their spectacular diversity
Scientists at the University of Bristol have shed new light on the evolution of flowers in research published today in the Royal Society journal Proceedings B.

The Drosophila fly brings to light the role of morphogens in limb growth
Scientists at IRB Barcelona clarify the function of the genes that drive wing development in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster.

Medica Research Institute finds provider consolidation can lead to higher physician prices
The research team analyzed the impact on physician prices when two IDSs acquired three multispecialty clinic systems in the Minneapolis-St Paul market in 2007.

An experimental technique analyses the functioning of human sperm before being inseminated
The work of the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) and Eugin Group succeeds in observing the fertilization capacity of the sperm cell before its insemination in the oocyte.

Multichannel EEG recordings enable precise brain wave measurement of fish
Today, zebrafish is rising as a new experimental animal model that can replace or supplement rodents such as mice.

For mice, too much muscle glycogen impairs endurance exercise performance
The basics of glycogen biology are thought to be well established, but a study in rodents published July 5 in the journal Cell Metabolism turns long-standing assumptions on their head.

Global ocean health relatively stable over past 5 years
While global ocean health has remained relatively stable over the past five years, individual countries have seen changes, according to a study published July 5, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Benjamin Halpern from University of California Santa Barbara, USA and colleagues.

Combo immunotherapy may herald new standard of care for kidney cancer
Combination therapy with two immunotherapy drugs produces an unprecedented doubling of response rates from 20 percent to 40 percent, a new study shows.

CHLA Conducts satisfaction survey in the pediatric emergency department
Physician researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) surveyed caregivers to understand their expectations and satisfaction of urgent care in a pediatric emergency department (ED).

Traumatic brain injury associated with dementia in working-age adults
According to a study encompassing the entire Finnish population, traumatic brain injury associated with an increased risk for dementia in working-age adults.

Reducing stress, optimizing coping strategies may diminish need for opioids following ankle surgery
Helping patients to better manage stress and improve coping strategies related to pain may minimize the need for opioids following ankle fracture surgery, according to new research appearing in the July 2017 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

New study shows West Antarctic Ice Sheet loss over the last 11,000 years
Reporting this week in the journal Nature, an international team of researchers led by British Antarctic Survey explains that wind-driven incursions of warm water forced the retreat of glaciers in West Antarctica during the past 11,000 years.

2-D layered devices can self-assemble with precision
Squid-inspired proteins can act as programmable assemblers of 2-D materials, like graphene oxide, to form hybrid materials with minute spacing between layers suitable for high-efficiency devices including flexible electronics, energy storage systems and mechanical actuators, according to an interdisciplinary team of Penn State researchers.

Watch cancer spread in a mouse
Researchers in Japan have developed a method to image cancer at the single-cell level by using chemical techniques to make whole mouse bodies and organs highly transparent.

What kind of Facebook user are you?
Researchers from Brigham Young University asked people why they Facebook, then identified four categories of users.

As competition goes down, generic drug prices rise, study finds
If the cost of your generic prescription drug has risen, it may be due to a lack of competition among drug manufacturers, according to a University of Florida College of Pharmacy study.

Kinect scan of T. rex skull addresses paleontological mystery
System with $150 worth of hardware offers alternative to 3-D scanners that cost 200 times as much.

Gaze direction affects sensitivity to sounds
Listening to something while looking in a different direction can slow down reaction times while the brain works harder to suppress distractions, finds a new UCL study.

PolyU develops sprayable sensing network technology for structural health monitoring
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University research team developed a novel breed of nanocomposites-inspired sensors which can be sprayed directly on flat or curved engineering structural surfaces, such as train tracks and airplane structures.

How a few drops of blood led to a breakthrough in immunology
Scientists from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre may have cracked the code to understanding the function of special cells called regulatory T Cells.

The costs of coal storage and its impact on disadvantaged communities
While the negative health and environmental effects of mining and burning coal are well documented, simply transporting and storing coal can also adversely affect the health outcomes of individuals living near coal-fired power plants.

Improved risk recognition expected to enhance fertility preservation for cancer patients
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has advanced understanding of risk factors for premature ovarian insufficiency, which should aid identification of cancer patients most likely to benefit from fertility preservation.

Vegetable colouring agent may suppress inflammation
Lutein, a nutrient found in several highly coloured vegetables and fruits, can suppress inflammation, according to a new study by researchers at Linkoping University, Sweden.

Saving the paintbrush lily from extinction
Since the 1990s, the Duthie Reserve in Stellenbosch, South Africa, is home to the only remaining viable population of Haemanthus pumilio in the world.

Powerful new technique can clone thousands of genes at once
Scientists at Johns Hopkins, Rutgers, the University of Trento in Italy, and Harvard Medical School report they have developed a new molecular technique called LASSO cloning, which can be used to isolate thousands of long DNA sequences at the same time, more than ever before possible.

Worldwide health authorities urged to rethink vitamin D guidelines
Worldwide health authorities are being urged to rethink official guidance around vitamin D following the publication of a ground breaking study from the University of Surrey, which dispels the myth that vitamin D2 and D3 have the same nutritional value.

Two out of three US adults have not completed an advance directive
Advance directives are the primary tool for individuals to communicate their wishes if they become incapacitated and are unable to make their own health care decisions, particularly near the end of life.

'Competency-based' service training for flight attendants improves passenger satisfaction
Specialized 'competency-based' cabin service training for airline flight attendants seems to improve customer satisfaction levels, according to a study in the June 2017 edition of the double-blind, peer-reviewed Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research (JAAER), published by Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

Study: No link seen between traumatic brain injury and cognitive decline
Although much research has examined traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a possible risk factor for later life dementia from neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), little is known regarding how TBI influences the rate of age-related cognitive change.

Sulfide-producing bacteria dominate hydraulically fractured oil and gas wells
Researchers have found that the microbes inhabiting a hydraulically fractured shale formation produce toxic, corrosive sulfide through a poorly understood pathway.

Ancient animal thought to be first air breather on land loses claim to fame
Some good scientific sleuthing by an undergraduate at The University of Texas at Austin has helped rewrite one of the earliest chapters in the planet's evolutionary history.

Chances of surviving malaria may be higher when host consumes fewer calories
Research published in the current issue of the journal Nature finds that the chances of surviving a malaria infection may be higher when the infected individual consumes fewer calories.

The big ecological roles of small natural features
Small natural features have big ecological roles but are often overlooked, according to an international team of researchers exploring the disproportionate ecological importance of the small, but unique, environmental elements that provide significant ecological and economic impacts.

'Smart' transformers could make reliable smart grid a reality
A new study using complex computational models finds that smart solid-state transformers could be used to make a stable, reliable 'smart grid' -- allowing the power distribution system to route renewable energy from homes and businesses into the power grid.

Working together to reduce infection in extreme weather events
Researchers have called for health professionals and climate forecasters to work more closely together ahead of extreme weather events and gradual climate change to help prevent the spread of infections.

Quantum dots make the leap from TVs to antibacterial eye drops
Quantum dots are transforming electronic displays on TVs and tablets.

Krill hotspot fuels incredible biodiversity in Antarctic region
A perfect combination of tides and wind is responsible for a hotspot of Antarctic krill along the western Antarctic Peninsula.

People with Parkinson's should be monitored for melanoma Mayo study finds
People with the movement disorder Parkinson's disease have a much higher risk of the skin cancer melanoma, and vice versa, a Mayo Clinic study finds.

Repurposed asthma drug shows blood sugar improvement among some diabetics
After 12 weeks of taking an anti-asthma drug, a subset of patients with type 2 diabetes showed a clinically significant reduction in blood glucose during a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, report University of California San Diego School of Medicine and University of Michigan researchers.

Recognition and mechanisms of chemical and environmental sensitivities in ecopsychology
A comprehensive look at the under-recognized problem of environmental sensitivity and related disorders that develop as a result of exposure to chemicals and other toxic factors.

CNIC scientists discover an essential mechanism in the immune response
Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC) have discovered that the transcriptional regulator CTCF plays an essential role in antibody production.

Hospital, office physicians have differing laments about electronic records
With frustration and chagrin, many physicians said in a new study that electronic records hinder their relationships with patients, but they cited different main reasons depending on whether they were office- or hospital-based.

New brain cancer drug targets revealed
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and The Cleveland Clinic designed a way to screen brain tumor cells and identify potential drug targets missed by other methods.

People with tic disorders at increased suicide risk
People with Tourette's disorder or chronic tic disorder are over four times more likely to die by suicide than the general population, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry.

Cutting the cost of ethanol, other biofuels and gasoline
Biofuels like the ethanol in US gasoline could get cheaper thanks to experts at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and Michigan State University.

Visualizing whole-body cancer metastasis at the single-cell level
Researchers at the RIKEN Quantitative Biology Center (QBic) and the University of Tokyo (UTokyo) have developed a method to visualize cancer metastasis in whole organs at the single-cell level.

Small-molecule therapeutic boosts spatial memory and motor function in Rett syndrome mice
Rett syndrome is a neurological disorder affecting learning and development, caused by a mutation in the MECP2 gene triggering decreased levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF).

Remote Amazonian cities more vulnerable to climate change
Roadless cities have been found to be more vulnerable to the effects of flooding, because they tend to be less-developed and have inadequate sanitation, exposing inhabitants to environmental pollution and contaminated water.

Brain changes accompany development of metamemory from childhood to adolescence
Ability to assess memory quality appears in children. New study shows metamemory continues to develop to early adolescence.

Transfer of atomic mass with a photon solves the momentum paradox of light
A novel discovery solves the centennial momentum paradox of light.

Figuring out how fast Greenland is melting
A new analysis of Greenland's past temperatures will help determine how fast the island's vast ice sheet is melting.
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