Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 06, 2017
NASA sees Central Atlantic Ocean's forming Tropical Depression 4
As Tropical Depression 4 was getting organized in the central Atlantic Ocean the Global Precipitation Measurement Mission or GPM satellite peered into the storm and measured rainfall within.

Researchers publish new findings on influence of high-fat diet on colorectal cancer
In a newly published study, Cleveland Clinic researchers have identified a specific molecular pathway that plays a key role in the link between a high-fat diet and tumor growth in the colon.

Hubble pushed beyond limits to spot clumps of new stars in distant galaxy
By applying a new computational analysis to a galaxy magnified by a gravitational lens, astronomers have obtained images 10 times sharper than what Hubble could achieve on its own.

Study offers new approach to evaluating agricultural development programs
Involving locals in figuring out how to improve their farming and fishing methods provides more lasting and widespread benefits than just introducing new technologies or methods, new MIT research shows.

Changes in conservation planning can benefit vulnerable mammals
New research from Colorado State University underscores the viewing of global conservation priority areas through three lenses: taxonomy, traits and evolutionary history.

In preschools in India, math games boost math understanding
Working with children at more than 200 preschools in India, researchers found that those who took part in math games for four months became more skilled at math assessments similar to those they'd see in primary school - an effect that lasted for up to a year.

Narcotics diversion results in outbreak of serratia marcescens bacteria
An illegal diversion of opioids by a hospital nurse tampering with syringes was responsible for a cluster outbreak of Serratia marcescens, a gram-negative bacteria, according to research published online today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

A new molecular scissors act like a GPS to improve genome editing
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen (Denmark), led by the Spanish researcher Guillermo Montoya, have discovered how Cpf1, a new molecular scissors unzip and cleave DNA.

How plants grow like human brains
3-D scanning reveals similar statistical laws at work in both shoots and neurons.

New DNA-based strategy shows promise against a range of influenza viruses
A novel, DNA-based strategy to provide protection against an array of influenza viruses has been developed in preclinical models by scientists at Wistar, MedImmune and Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Researchers show how to make your own supernova
Researchers from the University of Oxford are using the largest, most intense lasers on the planet, to for the first time, show the general public how to recreate the effects of supernovae, in a laboratory.

Surveying sea floor animals for offshore renewable energy
Researchers are using chunks of sediment from the ocean floor to analyze animal life and determine environmental impact from offshore energy facilities.

Archaeologists put sound back into a previously silent past
Many attempts to explain how past people experienced their wider world have focused on sight at the expense of sound, but researchers from the University at Albany and the University at Buffalo have developed a tool that puts sound back into the ancient landscape.

Role of cooperativity in hydrophobic interactions revealed in real-time monitoring
In a breakthrough, scientists from The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology overcame designed an innovative microfluidic mixer that monitors the fluorescence induced by hydrophobic aggregation.

Life in the fast lane requires carpooling
An abrupt halt to a policy aimed at reducing traffic delays in Jakarta has provided researchers with valuable insights into how carpooling affects traffic flow within the megacity.

Falls lead to declines in seniors
More than half of elderly patients (age 65 and older) who visited an emergency department because of injuries sustained in a fall suffered adverse events -- including additional falls, hospitalization and death -- within 6 months.

False-positive mammogram results linked to spike in anxiety prescriptions
Women who experience a false-positive mammogram result are more likely to begin medication for anxiety or depression than women who received an immediate negative result, according to a study led by Penn State.

Immune system cell clones created before birth may last for decades
Key immune system cells produced before birth may survive well into adulthood, according to new research published in PLOS Computational Biology.

Exposing newborn mice to general anesthetic disrupts brain development
New research publishing July 6 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Eunchai Kang, David Mintz and colleagues now shows that early postnatal mice exposed to isoflurane -- a standard and widely used inhaled general anesthetic agent -- leads to chronic, abnormal activation of the mTOR pathway, a signaling system critical for normal brain development.

QUT develops golden bananas high in pro-vitamin A
QUT has produced Ugandan bananas high in pro-vitamin A. Cooking bananas are the staple food in rural Uganda Worldwide 650 000 - 750 000 children die from vitamin A deficiency.

Biopsy tests may lead to inappropriate discards of donated kidneys
Researchers have found that discarding donated kidneys on the basis of biopsy findings may be inappropriate.

Photo-responsive protein hydrogels as agent for controlled stem cell/protein release
In a recent research, a group of scientists from The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology created a B12-dependent light-sensing hydrogel by covalently stitching together the photoreceptor C-terminal adenosylcobalamin binding domain (CarHC) proteins under mild conditions.

How strike-slip faults form, the origin of earthquakes
Structural geologist Michele Cooke calls it the 'million-dollar question' that underlies all work in her laboratory at the University of Massachusetts Amherst: what goes on deep in the earth as strike-slip faults form in the crust?

UK's Farman is co-author of important wheat disease study
A University of Kentucky plant pathologist is part of an international team of researchers who have uncovered an important link to a disease which left unchecked could prove devastating to wheat.

Mothers often distracted during breast and bottle feeding
As innovation expands the accessibility of technology, the potential for distraction increases as well.

How cats and cows protect farm children from asthma
It is a known fact that microbes on farms protect children from asthma and allergies.

New material may help cut battery costs for electric cars, cellphones
In the battle of the batteries, lithium-ion technology is the reigning champion, powering that cellphone in your pocket as well as an increasing number of electric vehicles on the road.

A biophysical smoking gun
While much about Alzheimer's disease remains a mystery, scientists do know that part of the disease's progression involves a normal protein called tau, aggregating to form ropelike inclusions within brain cells that eventually strangle the neurons.

Steroids may do more harm than good in some cases of severe asthma
New findings have important clinical implications, suggesting that corticosteroids, the main treatment for asthma, may worsen the disease in this group of patients.

'Weedy' fish species to take over our future oceans
University of Adelaide researchers have for the first time demonstrated that the ocean acidification expected in the future will reduce fish diversity significantly, with small 'weedy' species dominating marine environments.

Digitally remastered wire art to be showcased at SIGGRAPH 2017
A new image-based method captures the complexities of thin structures, providing an innovative technique to reconstruct wiry objects digitally -- just from a few input images.

Flexible and cost-effective fabrication of nature inspired structural colors
A team of Korean researchers led by Geunbae Lim, a professor at Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) has successfully developed a new and cost-effective method for obtaining biomimetic structural colors with the ability to finely tune the completed structures.

Vitamin D may improve sunburn, according to new clinical trial
High doses of vitamin D taken one hour after sunburn significantly reduce skin redness, swelling, and inflammation, according to double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center.

More than half of China cancer deaths attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors
More than half of all cancer deaths in men in 2013 in China and more than a third of those in women were attributable to a group of potentially modifiable risk factors.

NASA measures Tropical Cyclone Nanmadol's Japan rainfall rates
Although the remnants of Tropical Storm Nanmadol have pushed into the north central Pacific Ocean, the rainfall it left behind caused flooding in Japan.

Study: Preschoolers learn from math games -- to a point
What is the best way to help poor schoolchildren succeed at math?

Scientists get first direct look at how electrons 'dance' with vibrating atoms
Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have made the first direct measurements, and by far the most precise ones, of how electrons move in sync with atomic vibrations rippling through an exotic material, as if they were dancing to the same beat.

A cosmic barbecue: Researchers spot 60 new 'hot Jupiter' candidates
Yale researchers have identified 60 potential new 'hot Jupiters' -- highly irradiated worlds that glow like coals on a barbecue grill and are found orbiting only 1% of Sun-like stars.

Anti-gravity treadmills get patients running again after knee surgery
Using space age technology in the Sports Ready clinic at Medway Park, Gillingham, Dr Karen Hambly, an international expert on knee rehabilitation, works with clients who have been given the all clear to start to return to sporting activities but may have concerns about moving from being a patient with an injury to being an athlete again.

Antioxidants against sepsis
During sepsis, cells are swamped with reactive oxygen species generated in an aberrant response of the immune system to a local infection.

Learning with music can change brain structure, study shows
Using musical cues to learn a physical task significantly develops an important part of the brain, according to a new study.

Undersea life holds promise for killing tuberculosis
A team of researchers at the University of Central Florida has discovered a potential new weapon in the fight against tuberculosis, and it lives in the Little Mermaid's realm.

Conversation cards© a useful tool in pediatric weight management
Conversation Cards© were developed to help families think about and prioritize key challenges regarding pediatric weight management.

Novel PET tracer detects small blood clots
Blood clots in veins and arteries can lead to heart attack, stroke, and pulmonary embolism, which are major causes of mortality.

New genetic syndrome identified; may offer some answers for puzzled parents
Researchers have identified a rare genetic syndrome characterized by intellectual disability, seizures, an abnormal gait and distinctive facial features.

Three Gorges Dam alters downstream schistosomiasis rates
The Three Gorges Dam is a massive hydroelectric dam that spans the Yangtze River in central China and became fully operational in 2010.

Single molecule microRNA technology proves useful for liver toxicity detection
PLOS ONE has published a proof-of-concept single probe method for detecting microRNA biomarkers associated with liver toxicity.

Defensive bacterial symbionts of fruit flies attack ribosomes of parasitic wasps
Bacteria of the Spiroplasma genus produce toxic, ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) that appear to protect their symbiotic host flies against parasitic wasps, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens.

Sorting complicated knots
Delving into an untapped area of mathematics, IBS mathematicians provide a new operation for a particular type of knots.

Birds' migration genes are conditioned by geography
The genetic make-up of a willow warbler determines where it will migrate when winter comes.

Late teen years are key period for bone growth
The late adolescent years are an important period for gaining bone mineral, even after a teenager attains his or her adult height.

Long-term sexual intimidation may be widespread in primate societies
After observing the mating habits of chacma baboons living in the wild over a four-year period, researchers have found that males of the species often use long-term sexual intimidation to control their mates.

Traumatic brain injury in veterans -- differences from civilians may affect long-term care
Veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI) differ from civilians with TBI in some key ways -- with potentially important implications for long-term care and support of injured service members and their families.

Terminal cancer patients can be unwilling to face prognosis
In a recent study, published in The Oncologist, just under 10% of patients diagnosed with terminal cancer did not know their prognosis and had no interest in finding out.

Climate change threatens domestic bee species
Global warming changes the flowering times of plants and the moment when bees hatch -- sometimes with severe consequences for the bees.

A computer that reads body language
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute have enabled a computer to understand the body poses and movements of multiple people from video in real time -- including, for the first time, the pose of each individual's fingers.

When butterfly male sex-bias flaps its wings
In butterflies, sex is determined by chromosome differences. But unlike in humans with the familiar X and Y, in butterflies, it is the females that determine the sex of offspring.

Changes in brain regions may explain why some prefer order and certainty
Why do some people prefer stable, predictable lives while others prefer frequent changes?

Systematic research investigates effects of money on thinking, behavior
In a new research article, scientists present results from three experiments that systematically explore money-priming effects, finding inconsistent evidence for the effect of money primes on various measures of self-sufficient thinking and behavior.

Lymph node metastases may not always be the source of cancer's spread to other organs
A study led by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has found that the traditional model for the spread of carcinoma, the deadliest form of cancer -- from the primary tumor, to nearby lymph nodes, to other organs -- may not apply in all cases.

How humans transformed wild wheat into its modern counterpart
A sophisticated sequencing study reveals genetic changes that emerged in wheat as it became domesticated by agricultural societies in the Fertile Crescent, roughly 10,000 years ago.

Electron orbitals may hold key to unifying concept of high-temperature superconductivity
A team of scientists has found evidence for a new type of electron pairing that may broaden the search for new high-temperature superconductors.

Study: Without HOV policies, urban traffic gets much, much worse
Cities plagued with terrible traffic problems may be overlooking a simple, low-cost solution: High-occupancy vehicle (HOV) policies that encourage carpooling can reduce traffic drastically, according to a new study co-authored by MIT economists.

Finding what's right with children who grow up in high-stress environments
A new research article proposes that more attention be given to what's right with children who grow up in high-stress environments so their unique strengths and abilities can be used to more effectively tailor education, jobs and interventions to fit them.

DNA study of southern humpback finds calving ground loyalty drives population differences
Scientists conducting the first circum-global assessment of mitochondrial DNA variation in the Southern Hemisphere's humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) have found that whales faithfully returning to calving grounds year after year play a major role in how populations form, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), the American Museum of Natural History, and a number of other contributing organizations.

Wheat genome sequencing provides 'time tunnel' -- boosting future food production & safety
A global team of researchers has published the first-ever Wild Emmer wheat genome sequence in Science magazine.

Snakebites cost Sri Lanka more than $10 million
Snakebites are a major public health problem in many rural communities around the world, often requiring medical care and affecting victims' ability to work.

Antibodies halt placental transmission of CMV-like virus in monkeys
Researchers from Duke University School of Medicine and Tulane National Primate Research Center report findings in monkeys that demonstrates a CMV vaccine approach that appears to be capable of protecting the animal's fetus from infection.

NIH and collaborators identify the genomic cause for Carey-Fineman-Ziter syndrome
An international team of researchers has identified genomic mutations for Carey-Fineman-Ziter (CFZS) syndrome, a very rare inherited muscle disorder.

New ways to create and deliver medications for immune-medicated neuropathies
Researchers at LSTM are looking at new ways to create and deliver medications for a wide range of immune-medicated neuropathies, by developing new synthetic versions of the treatment currently seen as the last resort option by doctors; intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy.

New study identifies gene that could play key role in depression
Depression affects more than 300 million people annually. Now, a new study has pinpointed how one particular gene plays a central role -- either protecting from stress or triggering a downward spiral, depending on its level of activity.

First discovery of an exoplanet with SPHERE/VLT
An international team of astronomers, including members of the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, discovered an exoplanet by direct imaging using SPHERE, an instrument designed and developed by a consortium of 12 European institutes on the Very Large Telescope ESO, based in Chile.

Psychological effect against pushing and shoving
A large crowd of people at the entrance of concert or sport venues can easily result in a dangerous situation.

For rodents, seeing is believing
Spatial cognition or visual sense -- which one are rats more likely to use when they have to navigate an unfamiliar location?

How wheat lost the evolutionary battle against its deadly fungal nemesis
Researchers have identified a gene in wheat that protects against a deadly fungus, but which was lost from many wheat crops in the 1980s.

Controlling memory by triggering specific brain waves during sleep
IBS researchers find that manipulating the pulses of electrical activity in the thalamus during non-REM deep sleep make mice remember or forget

Highly nitrogen and sulfur dual-doped carbon microspheres for supercapacitors
A facile two-step synthetic strategy was proposed to synthesize nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon microsphere (NSCM).

Falling sea level caused volcanos to overflow
During the transition to the last ice age approximately 80,000 years ago global temperature declined, while the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere remained relatively stable.

Into the quantum world with a tennis racket
Quantum technology is seen as an important future-oriented technology: smaller, faster and with higher performance than conventional electronics.

Less myocardial infarctions during summer vacation -- more on Mondays and winter holidays
Time periods by calendar related to perceived stress are associated with the incidence rate of myocardial infarction (MI), says a new nationwide registry study of 156 000 people of the Swedish population, in the database SWEDEHEART.

Hospital discharge program improves patient experience leaving the hospital
A standardized, in-hospital discharge planning program, known as Project ReEngineered Dishcharge (RED), improves patient experience as they leave the hospital, according to researchers at Boston Medical Center.

Seeing street change
Harvard scientists are among the co-authors of a new study that uses computer vision algorithms to examine millions of Google Street View images to measure whether and how urban areas are changing.

Kinky biology
How and why proteins fold is a problem that has implications for protein design and therapeutics.

Virus-derived expression vectors as gene therapy vehicles
Even as new viruses are being identified, the emerging field of virus discovery, identification of their nucleotide sequences, gene expression patterns and complexities of virus-host interactions at the molecular level are being used in recent years towards applications in the human medicine as well as veterinary, agricultural and other biotechnological purposes.

Study finds Earth's magnetic field 'simpler than we thought'
Scientists have identified patterns in the Earth's magnetic field that evolve on the order of 1,000 years, providing new insight into how the field works and adding a measure of predictability to changes in the field not previously known.

Two significant warming intervals in southern China since 1850
Scientists reconstructed the annual temperature anomaly in southern China during 1850-2009 based on the southern limit of snowfall recorded in Chinese documents, chronologies of tree-ring width, and tree-ring stable oxygen isotope.This multi-proxy-based temperature reconstruction shows robust centennial warming, with a linear trend of 0.47°C (100 yr)?1 during 1871-2009.

Study offers clue to memory formation in the brain
In a new study published on July 5 in Neuron, a research group led by Professor CAO Peng of the Institute of Biophysics (IBP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences provides some clues as to memory formation in the brain.

California projected to get wetter through this century
Under business-as-usual greenhouse gas emissions, climate models predict California will get warmer during the rest of the century and most also predict the state will get drier.

A newly identified complex of Tau and RNA suggests a path to aggregation
The hallmark of many neurodegenerative diseases is the formation of protein aggregates, yet how and why these aggregates form remains a mystery.

Fern fossil data clarifies origination and extinction of species
Throughout the history of life, new groups of species have flourished at the expense of earlier ones and global biodiversity has varied dramatically over geologic time.

Scientists lay the groundwork for a reliable marijuana breathalyzer
Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have taken an important step toward a reliable marijuana breathalyzer by measuring the vapor pressure of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) -- a measurement that, due to the compound's chemical structure, is very difficult and has not been accomplished before.

Your hands may reveal the struggle to maintain self-control
It takes just a few seconds to choose a cookie over an apple and wreck your diet for the day.

Are we still jealous? Infidelity in the age of social media
When men and women find social media messages indicating that their partner has been cheating on them, they show the same type of jealousy behaviour as finding offline evidence.

A future without fakes thanks to quantum technology
Scientists have created unique atomic-scale ID's based on the irregularities found in 2-D materials like graphene.

Controlled temperature change inside ear can prevent migraines
The application of gentle cooling and warming currents inside the ear canal can provide relief for migraine sufferers, new research at the University of Kent has helped show.

New NAM publication examines improving outcomes, reducing costs for 'high-needs patients'
New National Academy of Medicine special publication offers opportunities for improving outcomes and reducing costs in the treatment of 'high-needs patients' -- those who make up 5 percent of all patients but account for nearly half of all health care spending.

Kent State researchers study link between Pokémon GO and a healthier lifestyle
Kent State University researchers found that playing a popular physically-interactive, smartphone based game, like Pokémon GO, may actually promote exercise.

Common insurance plans leave care at America's top cancer hospitals out of reach
Cancer patients in the United States may be unable to access care at the nation's top hospitals due to narrow insurance plan coverage -- leaving patients to choose between lower premiums or access to higher-quality cancer care.

Scientists find new method to fight malaria
Scientists have discovered a new way to slow down malaria infections, providing a possible new target for antimalarial drugs.

A steady pulse
For perhaps the first time ever, the world's oceans have a health record -- and it's revealing clues about what might be behind symptoms of ocean improvements or declines alike.

Feel the heat, one touch a time
A research team from the University of Washington and Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology has developed a technique combining atomic force microscopy and finite element simulation to measure local thermal conductivity with nanometer resolution, posed to substantially advance thermoelectric materials characterization.
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