Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 10, 2017
Miami project presents data demonstrating therapeutic potential of SRK-015 in SCI
The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis and Scholar Rock present preclinical data demonstrating therapeutic potential of SRK-015 in spinal cord injury at 35th Annual National Neurotrauma Symposium.

The Ottawa hospital emergency surgery study
Researchers at The Ottawa Hospital and the University of Ottawa have conducted a rigorous study of the health and economic impacts of delays in emergency surgery.

Hidden herpes virus may play key role in MS, other brain disorders
The ubiquitous human herpesvirus 6 may play a critical role in impeding the brain's ability to repair itself in diseases like multiple sclerosis.

Food scientists find cranberries may aid the gut microbiome
Many scientists are paying new attention to prebiotics, that is, molecules we eat but cannot digest, because some may promote the growth and health of beneficial microorganisms in our intestines, says nutritional microbiologist David Sela at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Spontaneous system follows rules of equilibrium
Discovery could be the beginning of a general framework of rules for seemingly unpredictable non-equilibrium systems.

Medical expenditures rise in most categories except primary care physicians and home health care
This article was published in the July/August 2017 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

Stanford researchers find intriguing clues about obesity by counting steps via smartphones
A global study based on daily steps counted by smartphones discovers 'activity inequality.' It's similar to income inequality, except that the 'step-poor' are prone to obesity while the 'step-rich' tend toward fitness and health.

Well-known protein stimulates insulin secretion in pancreatic cells, surprising scientists
A study published online in The FASEB Journal (http://www.fasebj.org) demonstrated that a protein complex (Gbeta5-RGS) commonly known for halting cellular functions may actually stimulate insulin secretion in pancreatic cells.

Doctor cautions against denial of the opioid epidemic
This article appears in the July/August 2017 issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

Malaria drug protects fetuses from Zika infection
Zika virus infects the fetus by manipulating the body's normal barrier to infection, according to a new study of pregnant mice by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Scientists make 'squarest' ice crystals ever
An international team of scientists has set a new record for creating ice crystals that have a near-perfect cubic arrangement of water molecules -- a form of ice that may exist in the coldest high-altitude clouds but is extremely hard to make on Earth.

Plants under attack can turn hungry caterpillars into cannibals
When does a (typically) vegetarian caterpillar become a cannibalistic caterpillar, even when there is still plenty of plant left to eat?

Kansas State University researchers help with landmark study of wild wheat ancestor
An international team of researchers, including Kansas State University scientists, has successfully deciphered all 10 billion letters in the genetic code of a wild ancestor of wheat.

Deprescribing in primary care runs counter to medical culture
This article appears in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine.

Dissolvable device could make closing surgical incisions a cinch
Like many surgeons, Dr. Jason Spector is often faced with the challenge of securely closing the abdominal wall without injuring the intestines.

Culture and creativity help cities to thrive
The 'Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor', developed by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) provides comparable data on how European cities perform across nine dimensions -- covering culture and creativity --- and underlines how their performance contributes to cities' social development and economic growth and job creation.

Citizen science brings monarch butterfly parasitoids to light
Thanks to citizen volunteers, scientists now know more than ever about the flies that attack monarch butterfly caterpillars.

NEJM case reports show promise of cancer immunotherapy to treat rare lymphoma
Three case reports published in the New England Journal of Medicine demonstrate the promise of cancer immunotherapy against gray zone lymphoma, potentially paving the way for clinical trials utilizing this strategy in this and related conditions.

Undersea robot reveals 'schools' of animals in deep scattering layers
Throughout the world ocean, animals congregate at certain depths. A new paper in Limnology and Oceanography shows that, rather than consisting of a random mixture of animals, these deep-scattering layers contain discrete groups of squids, fishes, and crustaceans.

Stem cell advance brings bioengineered arteries closer to reality
New stem cell derivation techniques developed at the Morgridge Institute for Research and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have produced, for the first time, functional arterial cells at both the quality and scale to be relevant for disease modeling and clinical application.

Type 1 diabetes risk linked to intestinal viruses
A new study led by Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Study examines fathers' experiences of child protection process
New research from the University of East Anglia (UEA) challenges assumptions that men in child protection cases do not stay involved in children's lives and always, or only, pose a risk of harm to their child -- fathers in this study were rarely 'absent.'

UNH researchers extend N.H. growing season for strawberries
Researchers with the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station at the University of New Hampshire have succeeded in quadrupling the length of the Granite State's strawberry growing season as part of a multi-year research project that aims to benefit both growers and consumers.

Updated meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of S-DAPT versus L-DAPT strategies
Researchers have evaluated the long-term efficacy and safety of long duration dual anti-platelet therapy (L-DAPT) compared to short duration DAPT (S-DAPT) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.

New survey highlights gender, racial harassment in astronomy and planetary science
Women of color working in astronomy and planetary science report more gender and racial harassment than any other gender or racial group in the field, according to a new study revealing widespread harassment in these scientific disciplines.

Survey reveals widespread bias in astronomy and planetary science
In an online survey about their workplace experiences, 88 percent of academics, students, postdoctoral researchers and administrators in astronomy and planetary science reported hearing, experiencing or witnessing negative language or harassment relating to race, gender or other physical characteristics at work within the last five years.

Bringing bacteria's defense into focus
By taking a series of near-atomic resolution snapshots, Cornell University and Harvard Medical School scientists have observed step-by-step how bacteria defend against foreign invaders such as bacteriophage, a virus that infects bacteria.

Patients whose emergency surgery is delayed are at higher risk of death
Delays for emergency surgery were associated with a higher risk of death for patients in hospital -- and higher costs -- yet these delays were largely due to lack of operating rooms and staff, and other system issues, found a new study published in CMAJ.

Study identifies new gene mutation associated with defective DNA repair and Fanconi anemia
Fanconi anemia is a rare genetic disease characterized by hematologic symptoms and high cancer risk.

New UTSA study describes method to save lives in chemical attacks
A new study by Kiran Bhaganagar, associate professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio, and her research group, Laboratory of Turbulence Sensing & Intelligence Systems, is taking a closer look at the damage caused by chemical attacks in Syria.

Who should treat patients with opioid use disorder?
This point/counterpoint and editorial appear in the July/August 2017 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

Human pose estimation for care robots using deep learning
A research group led by Professor Jun Miura at Toyohashi University of Technology, has developed a method to estimate various poses using deep learning with depth data alone.

Oxytocin improves social abilities in some kids with autism, Stanford study finds
Children with autism showed improved social behavior when treated with oxytocin, a hormone linked to social abilities, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Under stress, brains of bulimics respond differently to food
Magnetic resonance imaging scans suggest that the brains of women with bulimia nervosa react differently to images of food after stressful events than the brains of women without bulimia, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Phase II Ssudy: Radiotherapy dose increase to hypoxic NSCLC lesions
Fluorine-18-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) is a PET radiotracer that is widely used to diagnose hypoxia (insufficient oxygen supply to tissue), and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with FMISO uptake are known to face a poor prognosis.

Big fish in a small pond?
Feel like you're a big fish in a small pond?

Oil spill impacts may perturb entire food webs
Oil spills not only have a direct impact on species and habitats, but may also set off a cascade of perturbations that affect the entire food web.

Analysis: Hospital readmissions of all ages, insurance types identifies high risk groups
A first-of-its-kind study looks beyond Medicare readmission rates to determine causes of short-term readmissions of patients across the spectrum of age and insurance types.

More evidence shows natural plant compound may reduce mental effects of aging
Salk scientists find benefits of antioxidant fisetin in mouse model of premature aging, Alzheimer's disease.

Survey finds Medicaid enrollees satisfied with coverage, physician access
Enrollees in Medicaid reported in a nationwide survey that they're largely satisfied with the health care they receive under the program, according to researchers at Harvard T.H.

Concussion important but badly neglected issue in Para sports, say experts
Concussion is an important but badly neglected issue in Para sports, and doctors, researchers, and leading sporting bodies need to start taking it seriously and take swift action, urge an international group of experts in an editorial published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Reduced mastication results in the impairment of memory and learning function
Researchers centered at Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU) delivered the influence of masticatory stimulus on brain function in order to establish the molecular basis of new treatments and preventive measures for memory/learning dysfunction.

Noninvasive intranasal method shows prevention of neurologic effect from metabolic disease
Researchers have successfully used a noninvasive intranasal approach to deliver the gene for the enzyme that is deficient in the inherited lysosomal storage disease mucopolysaccharidosis type 1 (MPS 1) to the brains of an MPS mouse model, and have demonstrated the presence of the therapeutic enzyme throughout the mouse brains.

Equity doesn't mean equal in heart health care
Radical changes to our health care system that take into account the unique needs of women, including minority populations, are needed to ensure women are receiving the same high-quality care that men receive, according to a state of the art review paper published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and written by members of the American College of Cardiology Cardiovascular Disease in Women Committee.

Does baby-led approach to complementary feeding reduce overweight risk?
A randomized clinical trial published by JAMA Pediatrics examined whether allowing infants to control their food intake by feeding themselves solid foods, instead of traditional spoon-feeding, would reduce the risk of overweight or impact other secondary outcomes up to age 2.

Buprenorphine: Being out of treatment increases risk of death nearly 30-fold
This article appears in the July/August 2017 edition of Annals of Family Medicine.

Nagoya forensic scientists recover human DNA from mosquitos
Nagoya University forensic scientists show that viable DNA samples can be taken from mosquito blood meal that has been digested for up to two days.

Big, shape-shifting animals from the dawn of time
Major changes in the chemical composition of the world's oceans enabled the first large organisms -- possibly some of the earliest animals -- to exist and thrive more than half a billion years ago, marking the point when conditions on Earth changed and animals began to take over the world.

Oregon-led research opens fresh view on volcanic plumbing systems
Volcanic eruptions such as Mount St. Helens' in 1980 show the explosiveness of magma moving through the Earth's crust.

Aphasia recovery via speech therapy related to structural plasticity of the ventral stream
Strengthening the inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF) via speech therapy is associated with significant semantic error reductions in aphasic stroke patients, report Medical University of South Carolina investigators in an article published online June 19, 2017 by Annals of Neurology.

Research looks into whether sea spray is losing its sparkle
Sea spray, which is produced in abundance across all the world's oceans, is one of the greatest sources of atmospheric aerosols -- tiny particles that not only scatter and absorb sunlight but also influence climate indirectly through their role in cloud formation.

Marshall School of Medicine team publishes longitudinal work on pneumonia
A Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine research team has published findings that show patients who recover from invasive pneumococcal pneumonia, on average, live 10 years less when measured against life expectancy tables for the state of West Virginia as well as two other techniques.

Study finds rate of medication errors resulting in serious medical outcomes rising
Every 21 seconds someone in the United States calls Poison Control because of a medication error.

How do Medicaid enrollees feel about their health care?
A new research letter published by JAMA Internal Medicine found that Medicaid enrollees were generally satisfied with their coverage and most reported being able to get the care they needed.

Ad hoc 'cache hierarchies' make chips much more efficient
Researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory have designed a system that reallocates cache access on the fly, to create new 'cache hierarchies' tailored to the needs of particular programs.

NIH-funded team uses smartphone data in global study of physical activity
Using a larger dataset than for any previous human movement study, National Institutes of Health-funded researchers at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, have tracked physical activity by population for more than 100 countries.

On-site ecstasy pill-testing services may reduce user risks at concerts and raves
Johns Hopkins scientists report that data collected over five years by volunteers who tested pills free of charge at music festivals and raves across the United States suggest that at least some recreational users of illegal drugs may choose not to take them if tests show the pills are adulterated or fake.

CNIO scientists link new cancer treatments to cardiovascular alterations
A study published in Nature Medicine by researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) suggests that prolonged use of Plk1 inhibitors, which are currently in clinical trials with patients, can not only lead to hypertension issues but also to the rupturing of blood vessels and severe cardiovascular problems.

How do you build a metal nanoparticle?
A study recently published in Nature Communications by chemical engineers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering explains how metal nanoparticles form.

Large-scale, collaborative effort could help ease global hearing loss
A team of hearing experts at Duke University School of Medicine and the Duke Global Health Institute is calling for a comprehensive, worldwide initiative to combat hearing loss.

Call for the creation of chief primary care medical officer in hospitals
This article appears in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine.

Microbe study highlights Greenland ice sheet toxicity
The Greenland ice sheet is often seen as a pristine environment, but new research has revealed that may not be the case.

Researchers hope new biomarkers will lead to sports pitch-side test for brain injury
Researchers at the University of Birmingham have identified inflammatory biomarkers which indicate whether the brain has suffered injury.

Brain responds differently to food rewards in bulimia nervosa
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have discovered differences in how the brain responds to food rewards in individuals with a history of bulimia nervosa (BN), an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by efforts of purging to avoid weight gain.

Crystals help volcanoes cope with pressure
University of Alaska Fairbanks researchers have discovered that volcanoes have a unique way of dealing with pressure -- through crystals.

In the fast lane -- conductive electrodes are key to fast-charging batteries
Can you imagine fully charging your cell phone in just a few seconds?

New technology to manipulate cells could help treat Parkinson's, arthritis, other diseases
A groundbreaking advancement in materials from Northwestern University could potentially help patients requiring stem cell therapies for spinal cord injuries, stroke, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, arthritic joints or any other condition requiring tissue regeneration, according to a new study.

Farm work may improve veterans' mental health
Care farming -- using working farms and agricultural landscapes to promote mental and physical health -- helped improve veterans' well-being in a recent study.

Green method developed for making artificial spider silk
Researchers have designed a super stretchy, strong and sustainable material that mimics the qualities of spider silk, and is 'spun' from a material that is 98 percent water.

UA astronomers track the birth of a 'super-earth'
'Synthetic observations' simulating nascent planetary systems could help explain a puzzle -- how planets form -- that has vexed astronomers for a long time.

Medical trainees find meaning in written reflection
This article appears in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine.

Younger primary care physicians have greater turnover
This article appears in the July/August 2017 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

New Berkeley lab algorithms extract biological structure from limited data
A new Berkeley Lab algorithmic framework called multi-tiered iterative phasing (M-TIP) utilizes advanced mathematical techniques to determine 3-D molecular structure of important nanoobjects like proteins and viruses from very sparse sets of noisy, single-particle data.

BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis
The Standards of Care Committee of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (BSACI) is to publish updated guidance on the diagnosis and management of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis.

Questionnaires can be a good predictor of survival rates in multiple sclerosis
The way in which patients with multiple sclerosis answer questionnaires could help to predict their survival rate from the disease, a study has found.

Why strength depends on more than muscle
A recent study from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln suggests that physical strength might stem as much from exercising the nervous system as the muscles it controls.

Harnessing hopping hydrogens for high-efficiency OLEDs
Researchers at Kyushu University's Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics Research (OPERA) have established a novel design strategy for efficient light-emitting molecules with applications in next-generation displays and lighting through renewed investigation of a molecule that slightly changes its chemical structure before and after emission.

Strengthening of West African Monsoon during Green Sahara period may have affected ENSO
Accounting for a vegetated and less dusty Sahara reduces the variability of El Niño during the Mid-Holocene to closer to that which is observed in several paleoclimate records.

Training/support have ongoing impact on delivery of alcohol intervention
This article appears in the July/August 2017 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

In fathering, peace-loving bonobos don't spread the love
Bonobos have a reputation for being the peaceful, free-loving hippies of the primate world.

A novel practical test for the function of HDL, the carrier of 'good' cholesterol
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is known as 'good' cholesterol, because HDL particles removes excess cholesterol from arterial walls and transport them back to the liver.

Not every sperm is sacred: Longer-lived sperm produce healthier offspring
Males can produce hundreds of millions of sperm within a single ejaculate depending on the species.

Study finds 'sexism' in sexual assault research, but this time men are the target
Sexism is alive and well, but this time men are the target.

Stanford researchers observe unexpected flipper flapping in humpback whales
Stanford researchers have found that humpback whales flap their foreflippers like penguins or sea lions.

Precipitation extremes in dry regions of China found closely related to SST
Scientists investigated the connections between the precipitation extremes during 1953-2002 in the dry and wet regions of China and the sea surface temperature and found that in the dry region of China, the extreme precipitation is closely related to the sea surface temperature in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean.

Breakthrough in spintronics
It's ultra-thin, electrically conducting at the edge and highly insulating within -- and all that at room temperature: Physicists from the University of Würzburg have developed a promising new material.

Glioblastoma 'ecosystem' redefined for more effective immunotherapy trials
A research team detects gene expression patterns distinct from those of the surrounding immune cells, and characterizes the effects of chemotherapy and radiation treatments.

Study: Being near colleagues helps cross-disciplinary research on papers and patents
Want to boost collaboration among researchers? Even in an age of easy virtual communication, physical proximity increases collaborative activity among academic scholars, according to a new study examining a decade's worth of MIT-based papers and patents.

Temple-led research team finds notable decrease in IVC filter usage after FDA advisory
Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition in which blood clots develop in the deep veins of the body, often in the legs, thigh or pelvis.

Brain training no better than video games at improving brain function
The commercial brain-training program Lumosity has no effect on decision-making or brain activity in young adults, according to a randomized, controlled trial published in The Journal of Neuroscience.

Prelude to global extinction
In the first such global evaluation, Stanford biologists found more than 30 percent of all vertebrates have declining populations.

Chlamydia screening drops after change in cervical cancer screening guideline
This article is published in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine.

Scientists name new species of fish from the Orinoco region after singer Enya
Scientists have named a new species of fish from the Orinoco River drainage after 'Orinoco Flow' singer-songwriter Enya.

Insured patients have limited access to behavioral health care
This article is published in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine.

Stem cell-based therapy for targeting skin-to-brain cancer
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute have a potential solution for how to kill tumor cells that have metastasized to the brain.

Lost in translation: To the untrained zebra finch ear, jazzy courtship songs fall flat
Zebra finches brought up without their fathers don't react to the singing of potential suitors in the same way that female birds usually do.

Physicians' losses can contribute to burnout
This article appears in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine.

Cannibalism: A new way to stop the spread of disease
Cannibalism may be just what the doctor ordered, according to a new study that will be published in American Naturalist led by former LSU postdoctoral researcher and current University of California, San Diego, or UCSD, postdoctoral researcher Benjamin Van Allen, along with other individuals in Bret Elderd lab's at LSU and Volker Rudolf's lab at Rice University.

Structural insights into the modulation of synaptic adhesion by MDGA for synaptogenesis
A KAIST research team reported the 3-D structure of MDGA1/Neuroligin-2 complex and mechanistic insights into how MDGAs negatively modulate synapse development governed by Neurexins/Neuroligins trans-synaptic adhesion complex.

Study reveals an elevated cancer risk in Holocaust survivors
A new study indicates that survivors of the Holocaust have experienced a small but consistent increase in the risk of developing cancer.

Nature-inspired material uses liquid reinforcement
Materials scientists at Rice University are looking to nature -- at the discs in human spines and the skin in ocean-diving fish, for example -- for clues about how to use liquid to increase the stiffness of flexible composites.

Out of the blue: Cornell X-ray finds unique fingerprint in Medieval manuscript ink
Analyzing pigments in medieval illuminated manuscript pages at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) is opening up some new areas of research bridging the arts and sciences.

Touchscreen test reveals why some birds are quicker to explore than others
Birds such as parrots and crows have been using touchscreen technology as part of an international research study examining whether the ways in which animals respond to new things influences how eager they are to explore.

Heart of an exploded star observed in 3-D
Deep inside the remains of an exploded star lies a twisted knot of newly minted molecules and dust.

Researchers find significance of plaque burden using 3-D vascular ultrasound
In a large population study that was the first of its kind, researchers found that an experimental technique known as 3-D vascular ultrasound (3DVUS) estimated the quantification of plaque burden (in cubic millimeters) as an important addition to conventional risk factor profile in addressing patient risk stratification.

Improving cardiac ICU outcomes through specialized 24/7 care
Around-the-clock care from senior physicians helped reduce major complications in cardiac surgery patients as compared to receiving care from resident physicians, according to a new University of Alberta study.

Rural physicians report significant barriers in treating opioid use disorder
This item features an article published in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine.

Sea spiders move oxygen with pumping guts (not hearts)
To keep blood and oxygen flowing throughout their bodies, most animals depend on a beating heart.

Lutein and zeaxanthin isomers benefits during high screen exposure
An exciting new peer reviewed publication based on ongoing research on macular carotenoids from the University of Georgia demonstrates that supplementation with lutein and zeaxanthin isomers can protect against a growing issue among the general population -- the undesirable effects of prolonged exposure to high-energy blue light emitted from digital screens of computers, tablets and smartphones.

New way to predict when electric cars and home batteries become cost effective
The future cost of energy storage technologies can now be predicted under different scenarios, thanks to a new tool created by Imperial researchers.

NASA gives eastern Pacific Ocean's Hurricane Eugene 'eye exam'
NASA satellites gave the Eastern Pacific Ocean's Hurricane Eugene an 'eye exam' as it studied the storm in infrared and visible light.

Stalagmites from Iranian cave foretell grim future for Middle East climate
The results, which include information during the last glacial and interglacial periods, showed that relief from the current dry spell across the interior of the Middle East is unlikely within the next 10,000 years.

Forget defrosting your car at a glacial pace: New research speeds process up tenfold
Researchers at Virginia Tech have developed a novel way to defrost surfaces 10 times faster than normal.

Largest genome-wide study of lung cancer susceptibility conducted
A new study conducted by an international team of lung cancer researchers, including Professor John Field from the University of Liverpool, have identified new genetic variants for lung cancer risk.

Cosmic 'dust factory' reveals clues to how stars are born
A group of scientists led by researchers at Cardiff University have discovered a rich inventory of molecules at the center of an exploded star for the very first time.

Single protein controls genetic network essential for sperm development
Scientists have found a single protein -- Ptbp2 -- controls a network of over 200 genes central to how developing sperm move and communicate.

Oil spill impacts in coastal wetland
Deepwater Horizon is still affecting wetland plants.

Disruptive technology for the treatment of hemophilia
An international team of hematologists including Guy Young, MD, of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, has found that in patients with hemophilia A with inhibitors, a novel therapy called emicizumab, decreases incidence of bleeding episodes by 87 percent.

Is teacher burnout contagious?
Burnout among young teachers appears to be contagious, indicates a new study led by Michigan State University education scholars.

Blacks suffer higher rates of fatal first-time heart attacks than whites
Black adults, ages 45-64 years of age, are twice as likely to die during their initial cardiac event as white adults.

July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine
This tip sheet features highlights from the July/August 2017 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal, including articles on health care reform, cancer screen and medical errors.

Predictive model accurately diagnoses sinusitis
This article appears in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine.

Malaria drug protects fetal mice from Zika virus, NIH-funded study finds
Hydroxychloroquine, a drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat malaria and certain autoimmune diseases in pregnant women, appears to reduce transmission of Zika virus from pregnant mice to their fetuses, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes of Health.

World's first demonstration of space quantum communication using a microsatellite
The National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) developed the world's smallest and lightest quantum-communication transmitter (SOTA) onboard the microsatellite SOCRATES.

Brain training has no effect on decision-making or cognitive function
A recent study at the University of Pennsylvania found that, not only did commercial brain training with Lumosity™ have no effect on decision-making, it also had no effect on cognitive function beyond practice effects on the training tasks.

Medicare, Medicare Advantage physician rates nearly equal
Medicare Advantage has similar prices as Medicare, but on some services or equipment, commercial insurers have an advantage.

Young people whose pregnant mothers smoked at heightened risk of antisocial behavior
Teens and young adults whose mothers smoked while pregnant with them may be at heightened risk of antisocial behavior, as assessed by their own reports and criminal record checks, finds research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Sleep, Alzheimer's link explained
Research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Radboud University Medical Centre in the Netherlands, and Stanford University shows that disrupting just one night of sleep in healthy, middle-aged adults causes an increase in a brain protein associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Can patients record doctor's visits? What does the law say?
What exactly are the laws governing patient recordings? In an article recently published in the Journal of American Medicine (JAMA), investigators on The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice's Open Recordings Project explain the often-confusing laws around recordings clinical visits.

Innovations in primary care: Telehealth and patient-entered data
These innovations were published in the July/August 2017 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

UC San Diego scientists invent new tool for the synthetic biologist's toolbox
Researchers at the University of California San Diego have invented a new method for controlling gene expression across bacterial colonies.

Age and obesity conspire to damage the tiny blood vessels that feed the heart, causing heart failure
Age and obesity appear to create a perfect storm that can reduce blood flow through the tiny blood vessels that directly feed our heart muscle and put us at risk for heart failure, scientists report.

Houston team one step closer to growing capillaries
In their work toward 3-D printing transplantable tissues and organs, bioengineers and scientists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have demonstrated a key step on the path to generate implantable tissues with functioning capillaries.

Phosphorus rubber
Goodyear's 1839 discovery of the vulcanization of natural rubber obtained from rubber trees marks the beginning of the modern rubber industry.

Drinking coffee reduces risk of death from all causes, study finds
People who drink around three cups of coffee a day may live longer than non-coffee drinkers, a landmark study has found.

Hospitals that spend more initially yield better outcomes
Hospitals that spend more on initial care following patient emergencies have better outcomes than hospitals that spend less at first and rely more on additional forms of long-term care, according to a new study co-authored by MIT economists.

Decoding ants' coat of many odors
Biologists report a major advance in deciphering the molecular genetics underlying the ant's high-definition sense of smell, an ability that has allowed them to create the most complicated social organization on earth next to humans.
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