Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 21, 2017
The moon is front and center during a total solar eclipse
In the lead-up to a total solar eclipse, most of the attention is on the sun, but Earth's moon also has a starring role.

On the path to vitamin A in rice
Biochemists from the University of Freiburg have elucidated the structure of an enzyme that supplies carotenoid.

Computers using linguistic clues to deduce photo content
Scientists at Disney Research and the University of California, Davis have found that the way a person describes the content of a photo can provide important clues for computer vision programs to determine where various things appear in the image.

NASA notes 9th northwestern Pacific Tropical Cyclone
The ninth tropical depression of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean has formed and developed into a tropical storm.

Kaiser Permanente emergency department intervention for adult head trauma reduces CT use
Implementing a decision support tool for the use of computed tomography for adult head injuries resulted in reduced CT use and allowed for better identification of injuries, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published today in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Sparkling springs aid quest for underground heat energy sources
Studies of naturally carbonated mineral water have given scientists insight on how to locate hot water springs -- potential sources of sustainable geothermal energy.

GOES Satellite sees Tropical Depression 09E form
The Eastern Pacific Ocean has been recently generating a lot of tropical cyclones.

Ultrathin device harvests electricity from human motion
A new electrochemical energy harvesting device developed at Vanderbilt University can generate electrical current from the full range of human motions and is thin enough to embed in clothing.

The way of change is important!
However, a new research mind has to emerge in our minds from recent research article 'The Relationship Between Green Building and Regional Economy: A Case Study in Guangdong, China,' published in The Open Civil Engineering Journal.

Superluminous supernova marks the death of a star at cosmic high noon
The death of a massive star in a distant galaxy 10 billion years ago created a rare superluminous supernova, one of the most distant ever discovered.

Socioeconomic factors and severity of coronary artery disease
Historically, from the 1930's to the 1950's, the rate of cardiovascular disease in high-income countries was high.

Study reveals most impactful neuroscience research
A study of the 100 most-cited neuroscience articles has revealed that 78 of these papers cover five topics, including neurological disorders, the prefrontal cortex, brain connectivity, brain mapping and methodology studies.

Neural nets model audience reactions to movies
Disney Research used deep learning methods to develop a new means of assessing complex audience reactions to movies via facial expressions and demonstrated that the new technique outperformed conventional methods.

Rare discovery of 3 new toad species in Nevada's Great Basin
Three new species of toads have been discovered living in Nevada's Great Basin in an expansive survey of the 190,000 square mile ancient lake bottom.

CRI scientists provide insight into genetic basis of neuropsychiatric disorders
A study by scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern (CRI) is providing insight into the genetic basis of neuropsychiatric disorders.

India must rethink infrastructure needs for 100 new 'smart' cities to be sustainable
Plans to create 100 new 'smart' cities in India to support the country's rapidly growing urban population could have a significant detrimental impact on the environment unless greater emphasis is placed on providing new supporting infrastructure and utilities, according to a major new study.

A genetic variation may increase tuberculosis susceptibility
-Researchers have shown that a single nucleotide change in a gene that affects production of hepcidin--a peptide involved in inflammation, immunity, and control of iron levels--is associated with greater susceptibility to extrapulmonary tuberculosis.

Spatial orientation: New model for the origin of grid cells
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich neurobiologists present a new theory for the origin of the grid cells required for spatial orientation in the mammalian brain, which assigns a vital role to the timing of trains of signals they receive from neurons called place cells.

Patients can expect to stay active, enjoy high quality of life 10 years after ACL surgery
In the first prospective ACL reconstruction cohort with over 80 percent follow-up at 10 years, researchers from the Multicenter Orthopaedics Outcome Network (MOON) demonstrated that patients could perform sports-related functions and maintain a high knee-related quality of life a decade after surgery, though activity levels decline over time.

Special focus on formation control of unmanned systems
2017 No.7 issue of SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences published a special issue focus on formation control of unmanned Systems.

Social media: Simplifying surveillance
The controversial Snap Map app enables Snapchat users to track their friends.

Alzheimer's drug may help treat traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability and death globally, but medications have generally failed to benefit patients.

Artificial intelligence suggests recipes based on food photos
Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) believe that analyzing photos like these could help us learn recipes and better understand people's eating habits.

Assessing concussion symptom presentation may provide insight into rise in rates
How physicians and athletic trainers assess symptoms may give insight into why concussion rates are on the rise, say researchers presenting their work at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting today in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Different approaches offer patients improved quality of life after ACL reconstruction
The most common surgical techniques used to repair a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) offer patients improved quality of life five years after injury, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Scientists announce the quest for high-index materials
A team of physicists featuring researchers from MIPT and ITMO University has conducted a comparative analysis of a range of materials to determine if they are applicable to dielectric nanophotonics.

Optimization for self-production may explain mysterious features of the ribosome
New study explains previously mysterious characteristics of ribosomes, the protein production factories of the cell.

In saliva, clues to a 'ghost' species of ancient human
In saliva, scientists have found hints that a 'ghost' species of archaic humans may have contributed genetic material to ancestors of people living in sub-Saharan Africa today.

Good fighters are bad runners
For mice and men, a strength in one area of Darwinian fitness may mean a deficiency in another.

New study reveals that causes of severe antisocial behavior may differ for boys and girls
The causes of severe antisocial behavior may differ between boys and girls, which could pave the way for new sex-specific treatments, according to a major new study published today.

NASA spots newly formed Tropical Depression 08W in South China Sea
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the South China Sea and captured an image of newly formed Tropical Depression 08W near Hainan Island, China.

3-D scanning with water
A global team of computer scientists and engineers have developed an innovative technique that more completely reconstructs challenging 3-D objects.

Rush hour pollution may be more dangerous than you think
Everyone knows that exposure to pollution during rush hour traffic can be hazardous to your health, but it's even worse than previously thought.

COX-2 inhibitors may reverse IDO1-mediated immunosuppression in some cancers
In preclinical studies, tumors that consitutively expressed the protein indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1) responded to the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib (Celebrex) and had improved infiltration of certain subsets of T cells, making them more likely to respond to anti-PD1 therapies.

Pharmacology: Probing the pores in membrane vesicles
Ion channels in the membrane vesicles that mediate intracellular protein transport play a crucial role in cell physiology.

High-fat diet in pregnancy can cause mental health problems in offspring
New research in an animal model suggests a high-fat diet during pregnancy alters the development of the brain and endocrine system of offspring.

A new method of cooperative control of multiple unmanned surface vehicles
Unmanned surface vehicles (USVs), as a kind of miniature, multifunctional, intelligent and remotely controlled autonomous marine platform, is being an important embodiment of national marine science and technology.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Fernanda sliding into central Pacific
Tropical Storm Fernanda has crossed the 140 degree longitude line and entered the central Pacific Ocean.

Five times the computing power
Researchers at Linköping University have developed a method to increase by a factor of five the computing power of a standard algorithm when performed in one type of standard chip, FPGA.

First issue of Structural Heart: The Journal of the Heart Team is now available
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation (CRF) is pleased to announce that the first issue of Structural Heart: The Journal of the Heart Team is now available online.

Vortex photons from electrons in circular motion
Researchers at IMS and their coworkers have shown theoretically and experimentally that a high energy electron in circular/spiral motion radiates vortex photons in the entire wavelength range from the radio-wave to the gamma-rays.

Scientists uncover biogeochemical controls on occurrence and distribution of PACs in coals
Scientists got a breakthrough in polycyclic aromatic compounds in the process of coal formation.

Name that scotch
Vodka tastes different from brandy, and connoisseurs can distinguish among different brands of whiskeys.

How physical exercise prevents dementia
Numerous studies have shown that physical exercise seems beneficial in the prevention of cognitive impairment and dementia in old age.

How enzymes produce hydrogen
Researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum and the Freie Universität Berlin have clarified the crucial catalytic step in the production of hydrogen by enzymes.

Civil unrest after Freddie Gray's death harms health in Baltimore mothers
The April 2015 civil unrest associated with Freddie Gray's death while in police custody caused a significant spike of stress in mothers of young children living in affected neighborhoods, according to new research from the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UM SOM).

Depression changes structure of the brain, study suggests
Changes in the brain's structure that could be the result of depression have been identified in a major scanning study.

Satellite sees Tropical Storm Greg after 'eating' a depression
Tropical Storm Greg is intensifying after absorbing the moisture from the remnants of former Tropical Depression 8E.

Micro- and nanotechnologies for quantitative biology and medicine
Ten new reviews and original research reports that illustrate how the progression of research assays from qualitative outputs toward increasingly sensitive quantitative outputs is transforming life sciences and biomedical research and diagnostics by improving the ability of researchers and clinicians to detect and quantify increasingly complex assays.

Flashes of light on the dark matter
A web that passes through infinite intergalactic spaces, a dense cosmic forest illuminated by very distant lights and a huge enigma to solve.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Noru east of Japan
NASA's Terra satellite captured a visible-light image of Tropical Storm Noru after it formed far to the east of Japan in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Offer of $100 boosts rates of colon cancer screenings
Offering $100 to patients eligible for a preventive colonoscopy screening more than doubled the rate of screening when compared to a simple emailed request, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Sleep disorders may increase cognitive problems particularly in those at risk for Alzheimer's
People who carry a genetic susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease appear to be at greater risk of diminished cognition from sleep-disordered breathing than those without the susceptibility, according to new research published online, ahead of print in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Athletic trainers have a positive economic impact on sports coverage for health systems
The cost-effectiveness of certified outreach athletic trainers (ATC) as a type of physician extender in an orthopaedic provider and/or hospital system setting has many benefits, both financially and with patient care, say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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