Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 11, 2017
Novel software can recognize eye contact in everyday situations
Human eye contact is an important information source. Nonetheless, so far, possibilities to recognize eye contact in everyday situations have been very limited.

Many women diagnosed with cancer have sexual health concerns
A new review published in the European Journal of Cancer Care indicates that, in women diagnosed with cancer, concerns pertaining to sexual health are diverse, multiple, and pervade all types and stages of cancer.

Researchers use machine learning to spot counterfeit consumer products
A team of researchers has developed a new mechanism that uses machine-learning algorithms to distinguish between genuine and counterfeit versions of the same product.

NASA sees formation of comma-shaped Tropical Storm 14W
The fourteenth tropical cyclone of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean hurricane season formed about 200 miles away from Wake Island and a NASA-NOAA satellite saw it take on a comma-shape.

USC Stem Cell scientists obtain 'how to' guide for producing hair follicles
How does the skin develop follicles and eventually sprout hair?

Night vision for bird- & bat-friendly offshore wind power
The ThermalTracker software analyzes video with night vision, the same technology that helps soldiers see in the dark, to help birds and bats near offshore wind turbines.

New type of blood cells work as indicators of autoimmunity
The team from Instituto de Medicina Molecular Lisboa, led by Luis Graça, analyzed blood samples from Sjögren syndrome patients, an autoimmune disease that affects the mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands of the eyes and mouth, and found that these patients have a significant increase in a specific type of immune cells called T follicular regulatory cells (Tfr).

New SQUID-based detector opens up new fields of study with new level of sensitivity
Investigators at the University of Colorado, Boulder and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a new sensor array-based instrument that offers ultra-low noise detection of small amounts of energy for a number of applications.

New mission going to the space station to explore mysteries of 'cosmic rain'
The ongoing fires that have been plaguing British Columbia for most of the summer are causing air hazards across the province and even parts of the US.

A NASA triple-view of Hurricane Franklin's fade out
NASA's GPM, Aqua and Suomi NPP satellites provided three different views of the now fizzled and former Hurricane Franklin.

The Lancet: Highly hazardous pesticides: Bans not secure storage
Global policies on access to highly hazardous pesticides - commonly ingested in acts of self-poisoning and suicide in rural Asia - should focus on national bans, rather than safe storage, according to two studies in The Lancet and The Lancet Global Health journals.

Scientists map sex chromosome evolution in pathogenic fungi
Duke researchers recently mapped the evolutionary turning point that transformed the pathogenic Cryptococcus fungus from an organism with thousands of sexes to only two.

Psoriasis and psychiatric illnesses: What are the links?
A new review examines the potential link between psoriasis and mental health conditions.

Sweet! Sugar-coated probe yields better acid test
When our cells' acid-alkaline balance goes wrong, it can go wrong in a big way--think cancer and cystic fibrosis.

NASA watches the Sun put a stop to its own eruption
On Sept. 30, 2014, multiple NASA observatories watched a failed solar eruption.

Supportive relationships linked to willingness to pursue opportunities
Carnegie Mellon University psychologists have discovered that people with supportive spouses were more likely to take on potentially rewarding challenges and that those who accepted the challenges experienced more personal growth, happiness, psychological well-being and better relationship functioning months later.

An NJIT researcher throws a global ham radio 'party' to study the eclipse
NJIT experts discuss the Aug. 21 eclipse, its impact on Earth's atmosphere and the data they will be gathering as they observe it at different points along its path.

Plastic films incorporating N-halamines could sanitize food production facilities
Specially designed plastic films can prevent bacterial contamination in the food and biomedical industries, according to research published Aug.

Chemical profile of ants adapts rapidly
Biologists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany recently established that ants can adapt their hydrocarbon profile quickly during the course of evolution and rapidly adapt to external selection pressures.

Scientists probe Neptune's depths to reveal secrets of icy planets
Scientists have helped solve the mystery of what lies beneath the surface of Neptune -- the most distant planet in our solar system.

Scientists make critical insights into T-cell development
Mutations in the gene encoding the enzyme protein tyrosine phosphatase N2 (PTPN2) have been associated with the development of autoimmune disease including Type 1 diabetes, Crohn's Disease and rheumatoid arthritis.

Study finds stark increase in opioid-related admissions, deaths in nation's ICUs
In one of the first efforts to quantify the impact of opioid abuse on intensive care units on United States' hospitals, a new study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center's (BIDMC) Center for Healthcare Delivery Science revealed that opioid-related demand for acute care services has outstripped the available supply.

Robots offer key advantages in esophageal surgery
Robotics provide better visuals and allow lymph node removal with fewer incisions.

Higher income individuals more physically active, yet more sedentary
New research finds that higher income individuals are more likely to be 'weekend warriors,' getting most of their activity on only a few days a week.

Imagining an action-consequence relationship can boost memory
Imagining an action between two objects (the umbrella being lodged in the door lock) and a potential consequence (not being able to lock the door) may help people improve their memory for relationships with other objects, according to a recent Baycrest Health Sciences study published in the Memory & Cognition journal.

Opioid crisis impacts ICUs with more admissions, deaths
The opioid crisis in the United States is resulting in increased admissions to hospital intensive care units and in increased numbers of ICU deaths from opioid overdoses, according to new research published online, ahead of print in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

A smoother ride over troubled waters
Researchers at USU's Splash Lab are developing the science that will improve soft-hull watercraft design.

Almonds may help boost cholesterol clean-up crew
Eating almonds on a regular basis may help boost levels of HDL cholesterol while simultaneously improving the way it removes cholesterol from the body, according to researchers.

New ultrathin semiconductor materials exceed some of silicon's 'secret' powers
Chip makers appreciate what most consumers never knew: silicon's virtues include the fact that it 'rusts' in a way that insulates its tiny circuitry.

Scientists reveal how goldfish make alcohol to survive without oxygen
Scientists at the Universities of Oslo and Liverpool have uncovered the secret behind a goldfish's remarkable ability to produce alcohol as a way of surviving harsh winters beneath frozen lakes.

Improved analysis of kidney cancer
Researchers compare the gene expression in tumor cells from a kidney cancer patient with cells from healthy tissue to figure out in which part of the kidney the cancer began and what went wrong in these cells.

Jackdaws flap their wings to save energy
For the first time, researchers have observed that birds that fly actively and flap their wings save energy.

Temple Hospital offering innovative approach to treat patients with complex temporal bone defects
Temple University Hospital is offering an innovative approach to treat patients with complex temporal bone defects, including conditions known as tegmen dehiscence and temporal encephalocele (TE).

Transgender TV characters have the power to shape audience attitudes
Watching transgender characters on fictional TV shows has the power to influence attitudes toward transgender people and policy issues, according to new research from USC Annenberg.

Canary in a coal mine: Survey captures global picture of air pollution's effects on birds
Writing Aug. 11 in the journal Environmental Research Letters, University of Wisconsin-Madison Professor Tracey Holloway, an expert on air quality, and her former graduate student Olivia Sanderfoot sort through nearly 70 years of the scientific literature to assess the state of knowledge of how air pollution directly affects the health, well-being, reproductive success and diversity of birds.

Massive particles test standard quantum theory
In quantum mechanics particles can behave as waves and take many paths through an experiment.

Global warming will leave different fingerprints on global subtropical anticyclones
To assess the possible responses of the subtropical anticyclones to greenhouse gases (GHG) forcing, scientists adopted multiple metrics and obtained robust results.

Testicular macrophages are guardians of fertility
The origin, development, and characteristics of two types of testicular macrophage have been described by a CNRS team at the Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy.
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