Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 01, 2017
Adipose tissue may affect cancer development in multiple ways
Adipose tissue, or fat, may influence the development of cancer in diverse ways, depending on the type of fat and the location in the body.

Immune system changes during pregnancy are precisely timed
Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have completed the first-ever characterization of the meticulously timed immune system changes in women that occur during pregnancy.

NASA examines Hurricane Lidia's eye on the Baja
Hurricane Lidia's eye was visible in NASA satellite imagery as it approached Baja California, Mexico's southernmost tip.

Aug 2017 Jobs Report: Labor Day job numbers remain upbeat for Americans with disabilities
'Our report, which is based on the proportion of people with disabilities who are working, continues to improve for the seventeenth consecutive month,' noted John O'Neill, PhD, director of employment and disability research at Kessler Foundation.

UC researcher looks at Trump's waterboarding boasts -- do they matte
University of Cincinnati political science research asks how President Trump's 'hell of a lot worse than waterboarding' rhetoric could shift legal norms.

Reusable ruthenium-based catalyst could be a game-changer for the biomass industry
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology have developed a highly efficient reusable catalyst for the production of primary amines.

NASA sees large Tropical Depression Mawar develop
NASA's Aqua satellite gathered temperature data on Tropical Depression Mawar as it was consolidating in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Brief primary care intervention cut risky drug use among Latinos by 40 percent
Brief interventions in a primary care clinic can reduce patients' risky substance use by 4.5 days per month -- a 40 percent decline among the Latino patients surveyed -- compared with people who did not receive the brief intervention.

Molecules move faster near sticky surfaces
Molecules move faster as they get closer to adhesive surfaces, but this effect is not permanent.

Updated ESMO Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale set to evaluate single-arm studies
An updated version of the European Society for Medical Oncology Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale (ESMO-MCBS) will enable users to evaluate single-arm studies for the first time.

Melatonin may help treat blood cancers
Researchers have examined the potential benefits of melatonin, a hormone made by a small gland in the brain, for treating blood cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma.

NASA sees Sanvu strengthen into a Typhoon
Tropical Storm Sanvu continued to strengthen in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean and NASA's Aqua satellite viewed the storm after it became a typhoon.

Researchers find microbes key to reef survival
A global consortium of marine biologists collaborates to help coral reef ecosystems adapt to climate change.

Physician experts highlight research ahead of Otolaryngology's annual meeting
The latest research on patient preferences, quality-of-life, ear health, thyroidectomy, and other topics related to the specialty of otolaryngology will be presented in Chicago, IL, Sept.

Study highlights overuse of tumor marker tests in primary and secondary care
The vast majority of tumor marker tests in primary and secondary care are not necessary, according to a study that will be presented at the ESMO 2017 Congress in Madrid.

Bacteria act as aphrodisiac for the closest relatives of animals
Choanoflagellates are a ubiquitous but enigmatic one-celled ocean organism that may give clues to the origin of multicellularity in animals.

Multi-mechanism approach to treating neonatal hypoxic ischemia
Male sex is a risk factor for worse outcome following neonatal insult, including hypoxic ischemia.

Can corals survive climate change?
A group of international scientists, including scientists from Australia, have issued advice that more research is urgently required to determine whether corals can acclimate and adapt to the rapid pace of climate change.

Breastfeeding may help prevent children's asthma exacerbations later in life
In a Pediatric Allergy and Immunology analysis of children with asthma, those who had been breastfed had a 45 percent lower risk of asthma exacerbations later in life compared with children who had not been breastfed.

Satellite tracks post-Tropical Cyclone Harvey spreading into Ohio Valley
Harvey is beginning to lose tropical characteristics as heavy rain spread toward the Ohio valley on Sept.

Breast cancer patients on opioids less likely to stick to vital treatment
A new study has found a troubling lack of adherence to a potentially lifesaving treatment regimen among breast cancer patients who take opioids to manage their pain.

Virus hijacks cell's transportation system
A deadly tick-borne virus uses the host neuron's transportation system to move their RNA, resulting in the local reproduction of the virus and severe neurological symptoms.

Scientists identify climatic risks for dengue disease outbreaks
The University of Liverpool is part of an international team of scientists that have identified the climatic risks for dengue disease outbreaks, with a new study undertaken in India.

NASA gets a night-time and under-the-hood look at Hurricane Irma
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP Satellite provided a night-time and infrared look at the Atlantic's latest hurricane that revealed the power under the clouds.

Lifestyle factors may affect how long individuals live free of disability
New research published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society indicates that a healthy lifestyle may help reduce the duration of an individual's disabled period near the end of life.

Cleanliness is next to sexiness for golden-collared manakins in Panama
Juvenile male Golden-collared Manakins on extra testosterone cleaned up their display area before performing for females, according to research at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama published in Animal Behavior.

Kessler researchers correlate cognitive fatigue after TBI with activation of the caudate
'These results are consistent with findings in our related research in the multiple sclerosis (MS) population,' said Dr.

Nature imagery calms prisoners
Sweeping shots of majestic landscapes. Glaciers, forests and waterfalls. Research published today shows that these images, shown to people deprived of access to nature, can reduce tension, help defuse anger and make some of the harshest environments, like a solitary confinement cellblock in a maximum-security prison, a little easier to bear.

The 'reality' of accent change
A new study of how accents change over differing periods of time demonstrates the limited impact of intense social interactions in isolated environments, and surprisingly large differences among people in how susceptible their accents are to change.

Vaccines save 20 million lives, $350 billion in poor countries since 2001
Vaccination efforts made in the world's poorest countries since 2001 will have prevented 20 million deaths and saved $350 billion in health-care costs by 2020, according to a new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Palliative care makes only limited gains in Africa
An Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai student leads the first comprehensive analysis of African palliative care literature over past 12 years.

AJR study: Musculoskeletal extremity imaging use among Medicare population climbs sharply
Utilization rates among fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries for the four most common musculoskeletal extremity imaging modalities -- radiography, ultrasound, MRI, and CT -- increased significantly between 1994 and 2013, according to an article published ahead of print in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

UCLA physicists propose new theories of black holes from the very early universe
'Primordial black holes,' believed to have formed shortly after the Big Bang, might explain how heavy elements such as gold, platinum and uranium came to be, UCLA physicists report.

Equatorial jet in Venusian atmosphere discovered by Akatsuki
Observations by Japan's Venus climate orbiter Akatsuki have revealed an equatorial jet in the lower to middle cloud layer of the planet's atmosphere, a finding that could be pivotal to unraveling a phenomenon called superrotation.

Study: Drug may curb female infertility from cancer treatments
An existing drug may one day protect premenopausal women from life-altering infertility that commonly follows cancer treatments, according to a new study.

Etosis phenomenon discovered in human blood monocytes
A recent study published online in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology found the first clear demonstration of etosis in human blood monocytes, a type of immune cell.

Electricity production: When enzymes rival platinum
Making a biocell that is as effective as a platinum fuel cell: that's the feat that researchers in the Laboratoire de Bioénergétique et Ingénierie des Protéines have achieved, in collaboration with the Centre de Recherche Paul Pascal and the Institut Universitaire des Systèmes Thermiques Industriels.

Bit data goes anti-skyrmions
A group of scientists from the Max Planck Institutes in Halle and Dresden have discovered a new kind of magnetic nano-object in a novel material that could serve as a magnetic bit with cloaking properties to make a magnetic disk drive with no moving parts -- a Racetrack Memory -- a reality in the near future.

Stellar corpse sheds light on origin of cosmic rays
New research revealed that the entire zoo of electromagnetic radiation streaming from the Crab nebula -- one of the most iconic objects in the sky -- has its origin in one population of electrons and must be produced in a different way than scientists have traditionally thought.
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