Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 15, 2017
Improving communication, education and parent satisfaction with NICU discharge
Parents whose children have lengthy stays in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) dream of one day taking their baby home.

Talking to older adults about health prognosis may be helpful
In a new study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers examined how older adults with disabilities later in life might react to learning their prognosis, and how they evaluated their own prognosis compared to 'official' estimates.

Celebrity fossil reveals all for science
With the help of an artist, a geology professor at Lund University in Sweden has figuratively speaking breathed life into one of science's most well-known fossil species; Agnostus pisiformis.

Study finds girl soccer players 5 times more likely than boys to return to play same day
A new study found girls were significantly more likely than boys to return to play the same day following a soccer-related concussion, placing them at risk for more significant injury.

NASA gets a dramatic 3-D view of Typhoon Talim's large eye
NASA created a dramatic 3-D image of powerful Typhoon Talim using data from the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite.

Satellite sees Atlantic Tropical Depression 14 forms off Africa's west coast
NOAA's GOES East satellite captured a visible image of the latest tropical cyclone to form in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean.

Improving mannequin design and training sessions could boost residents' success in clinic
As mannequins go, preemie Hal is on the top of his game.

Cuts to mental health services putting young people at risk, say experts
Funding cuts and austerity measures are damaging young people's access to mental health services, with potentially long-term consequences for their mental wellbeing, say researchers at the University of Cambridge.

Regions with stricter firearm laws experience fewer pediatric gun-related injuries
Regions of the United States with stronger firearm legislation had lower rates of Emergency Department visits for pediatric firearm-related injuries, according to a study led by Children's National Health System researchers.

Pediatric emergency department physicians wary of discussing firearm injury prevention
Many emergency departments provide education on childhood injury prevention. But new research shows many physicians are leaving out one important topic: firearm injury prevention.

Evidence of drug use in mothers of babies with NAS -- but also in control group mothers
Researchers conducting a study of newborns experiencing symptoms of drug withdrawal knew the infants' mothers would test positive for substance use.

Medical students not trained to prescribe medical marijuana
More than half of the states in the US now allow some type of legal marijuana use, primarily medical marijuana.

'Exciting' discovery on path to develop new type of vaccine to treat global viruses
Scientists at the University of Southampton have made a significant discovery in efforts to develop a vaccine against Zika, dengue and Hepatitis C viruses that affect millions of people around the world.

Fertility research brings death of dogma, birth of hope
A new study shows unequivocally that stem cells in the ovaries are a critical piece of the mammal fertility puzzle, and may be harnessed to revolutionize fertility treatments and perhaps even delay menopause.

Study: Girl soccer players who give up other sports may feel more stressed, less rested
An abstract of new research being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2017 National Conference & Exhibition found sport specialization was associated with significantly worse mood, stress, fatigue, soreness, and sleep quality among female youth soccer players, even after controlling for factors such as age and hours spent training.

US regions with stricter gun laws have lower rates of pediatric injuries due to firearms
Regions of the United States that have the strictest gun laws also have the lowest rates of childhood firearm injuries, according to new research.

Green schoolyards offer physical and mental health benefits for children
A growing body of evidence suggests access to safe, natural areas improves health across a wide variety of areas, including heart health, mental health, weight management, ADHD, and stress among children.

300,000 families living in US-Mexico border towns face exposure to toxic stress
Roughly 300,000 Texans living in impoverished border communities known as 'colonias' are facing substandard housing, lack of resources and exposure to toxic stress.

Sensing with a twist: A new kind of optical nanosensor uses torque for signal processing
As electronic devices get smaller, their ability to provide precise, chip-based sensing of dynamic physical properties such as motion become challenging to develop.

Contaminants in food: Health risks of natural origin are frequently underestimated
Just under 60 percent of the German population view undesirable substances in food as a high or very high health risk.

Humans no longer have ancient defence mechanism against viruses
Insects and plants have an important ancient defense mechanism that helps them to fight viruses.

German scientists question study about plastic-eating caterpillars
Do the larvae of the wax moth really solve the world's plastic problem?

More infants and toddlers being positioned correctly in car safety seats
New research suggests child passenger safety education programs are a success, with more infants and toddlers riding in the rear-facing position than ever before.

New analysis shows damage to monarch butterfly colonies in 2016 storm worse than thought
A much greater number of monarch butterflies perished in a snowstorm in March 2016 in Mexico than previously estimated, according to new research.

Carbohydrates may be the key to a better malaria vaccine
An international research team has shown for the first time that carbohydrates on the surface of malaria parasites play a critical role in malaria's ability to infect mosquito and human hosts.

Insult to injury: US workers without paid sick leave suffer from mental distress
Only seven states in the US have mandatory paid sick leave laws; yet, 15 states have passed preemptive legislation prohibiting localities from passing sick leave.

Injuries caused by firearms differ in rural or urban settings
Researchers examining pediatric firearm injuries found that the age a child is injured by a gun is closely related to where he or she lives: the city or the country.

Wolves understand cause and effect better than dogs
A rattle will only make noise if you shake it.

Time to dial back on diabetes treatment in older patients? Study finds 11 percent are overtreated
Almost 11 percent of Medicare participants with diabetes had very low blood sugar levels that suggested they were being over-treated, a new study finds.

NASA sees Typhoon Doksuri making landfall in Vietnam
NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of Typhoon Doksuri as it made landfall in eastern Vietnam in the Ha Tinh province.

Ancient amphibian had mouthful of teeth ready to grab you: UTM research
The idea of being bitten by a nearly toothless modern frog or salamander sounds laughable, but their ancient ancestors had a full array of teeth, large fangs and thousands of tiny hook-like structures called denticles on the roofs of their mouths that would snare prey, according to new research by paleontologists at the University of Toronto Mississauga (UTM).

NASA-NOAA's satellite night-time nod to Norma
Infrared imagery provides a look at tropical cyclones at night and NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite got a look at Tropical Storm Norma in the Eastern Pacific using infrared light.

New study on the placebo effect and antidepressants in children and adolescents
Although the clinical efficacy of antidepressants in children and adolescents is proven, it is frequently accompanied by side effects.

Researchers find cereal rye is effective at reducing Amaranthus spp. density in soybean crops
Fall-planted cover crops are often used as part of an integrated weed control program in herbicide-resistant soybean crops.

Danish discovery can pave the way for more effective cholesterol medicine
Research from Aarhus University sheds new light on how the body converts the bad kind of cholesterol.

Increasing number of children arrive at emergency departments addicted to opioids
Showing the opioid epidemic knows no age limits, new research suggests more than 100 children test positive for opioid addiction or dependency each day in US emergency departments.

20 minute test determines attention and memory capacity in patients with schizophrenia
Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, in collabroation with the University of Oviedo and the CIBERSAM, have designed a test which in only 20 minutes can examine short-term memory capacity, mental agility and organisational capacities in patients with schizophrenia.

Couples weather bickering with a little help from their friends
New research finds that having good friends and family members to turn to alleviates the stress of everyday conflict between marital partners.

Telemedicine visits save families time and money
Patients and families who use telemedicine for sports medicine appointments saved an average of $50 in travel costs and 51 minutes in waiting and visit time, according to a new study by Nemours Children's Health System.

Riding a slide while on a parent's lap increases the risk of injury
Going down a slide on a parent's lap can lead to a broken leg for small children.

New Orleans greenery post-Katrina reflects social demographics more than hurricane impact
Popular portrayals of

NASA sees Hurricane Max make landfall and weaken
NASA's Aqua satellite captured in infrared-light image of Hurricane Max that showed the storm weakened quickly as it made landfall in southwestern Mexico.

Study highlights need for epinephrine in schools -- and staff trained to administer it
With school nurses often covering multiple buildings, researchers find that nearly one in five students who experience severe allergic reactions are given potentially life-saving epinephrine injections from unlicensed staff or students.

45 percent of parents experience depression, anxiety and stress when newborns leave NICU
Almost half of parents whose children were admitted to Children's National Health System's neonatal intensive care unit experienced postpartum depressive symptoms, anxiety and stress when their newborns were discharged from the hospital.

University of Minnesota researchers replicate FSH muscular dystrophy in mice
A new study published in the journal Nature Communications describes a breakthrough in research related to facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD).

Study suggests increase in adverse effects due to use of opioids in hospitalized children
New research to be presented during the American Academy of Pediatrics 2017 National Conference and Exhibition in Chicago suggests an urgent need for safer children's pain medications, with the number of hospitalized infants, children and teens who experienced adverse reactions to opioid painkillers increasing by more than half between 2003 and 2012.

Immigrant parents report fewer adverse childhood experiences than US-born parents
A new study found immigrants reported fewer potentially health-harming adverse childhood experiences, such as abuse, violence, or divorce, than native-born Americans.

General emergency departments use CT to diagnose abdominal pain in children more often
A child with non-traumatic abdominal pain, a common symptom of appendicitis, is more likely to receive a computed tomography (CT) scan in a general emergency department (ED) than if he or she visited a pediatric emergency department, according to a study published in Pediatrics.

Deprescribing gets support from Canada's seniors, survey shows
A majority of Canadians over 65 think 'deprescribing' should be a national government priority .

New research shows golf carts causing serious injuries to children
As golf carts become increasingly popular in communities beyond the fairway, new research shows, a significant number of children are being seriously injured while using them.

The body's own fat-metabolism protects against the harmful effects of sugar
Researchers at Aarhus University, Denmark, have discovered that the fat-metabolism in the cells takes place simultaneously with a detoxification of the harmful substances from the blood sugar, which can avert the damage that can in turn lead to age-related diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer's and cancer.

Study finds common surgeries may serve as pathway to nonmedical opioid use in adolescents
Results of study, the first known to suggest long-term opioid use after surgery may be a significant problem for teens and young adults, shows youth patients commonly fill post-surgical painkiller prescriptions for months beyond typical recovery times.

Steroid hormones could hold further clues about age-related bone loss
Previous research has shown that the protein histone deacetylase 3, or HDAC3, turns off the genes that encourage the stem cells in our bone marrow to make and store fat instead of making bone.

Brain halves increase communication to compensate for aging, study finds
Increased communication between distant brain regions helps older adults compensate for the negative aspects of aging, reports a new study published this week in Human Brain Mapping.

Life-saving post-ER suicide prevention strategies are cost effective
Three interventions designed for follow up of patients who are identified with suicide risk in hospital emergency departments save lives and are cost effective relative to usual care.

Star formation influenced by local environmental conditions
Three scientists at Niels Bohr Institute (NBI), University of Copenhagen, have carried out extensive computer simulations related to star formation.

Cassini's legacy and the atmospheric chemistry of Titan (video)
The Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn, a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency, is set to end on Sept.

Quality initiatives can reduce harm to newborns, shorten hospital stay and save millions
A quality-improvement initiative by Children's National Health System's neonatal intensive care unit finds that these chest X-rays can be performed just twice weekly, lessening the chances of a breathing tube popping out accidentally, reducing infants' exposure to radiation and saving an estimated $1.6 million per year.

Campaign increases likelihood parents will ask about guns before a playdate
The Asking Saves Kids (ASK) campaign is effective in increasing parents' comfort level in asking if there is a gun where their child plays, according to research being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2017 National Conference & Exhibition in Chicago Monday, Sept.

Satellite eyeing Tropical Storm Jose churning coastal waters
Although Tropical Storm Jose was located off the coast of southeastern US it is stirring up the waters along the US East coast, causing dangerous conditions.

Partnering with the community to advance health care quality for immigrant children
Over the next 40 years, children of immigrant families will grow to represent one-third of United States' residents.

Child abuse injuries more likely to be severe if caregiver is male and unrelated to child
Efforts to prevent child abuse by people who care for children should extend to additional categories of caregivers since injuries that children suffer at the hands of their parent's male partner, babysitter or daycare worker are likely to be more severe, according to research presented during the 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics national conference.

Third and fourth graders who own cell phones are more likely to be cyberbullied
New research suggests elementary school-age children who own cell phones may be particularly vulnerable to cyberbullying.

People with schizophrenia left out of longevity revolution
A team of researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System have analyzed all eight published longitudinal studies of mortality in schizophrenia that met their strict research criteria and found that the mean standardized mortality ratio -- a measure of the mortality rate in schizophrenia -- has increased 37 percent from pre-1970s studies to post-1970s studies.

Skin patch dissolves 'love handles' in mice
Researchers have developed a medicated skin patch that can turn energy-storing white fat into energy-burning brown fat locally while raising the body's metabolism.

Sugary secrets of a cancer-related protein
Proteins in human cells are decorated with different types of sugars, a phenomenon called glycosylation.

Memory decline after head injury may be prevented by slowing brain cell growth
Rutgers scientists say a new study indicates that the excessive burst of new brain cells after a traumatic head injury that researchers have traditionally believed helped in recovery could instead lead to epileptic seizures and long-term cognitive decline.

Satellite view reveals Tropical Depression 15E still struggling
Satellite imagery showed that Tropical Depression 15E continued to struggle to organize while still being affected by vertical wind shear.

High blood pressure reasons differ by gender in teens; young adults
Gender matters when it comes to what's most likely to elevate blood pressure in young to middle-aged adults.

Arctic sea ice once again shows considerable melting
This September, the extent of Arctic sea ice shrank to roughly 4.7 million square kilometres, as was determined by researchers at the Alfred Wegener Institute, the University of Bremen and Universität Hamburg.

Decreased glucose metabolism in medial prefrontal areas is associated with nutritional status in patients with prodromal and early Alzheimer's disease
Obu, Japan, September 15, 2017 - A new study from the Multimodal Neuroimaging for AD Diagnosis (MULNIAD) study, which is a prospective study implemented at the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology (NCGG), provides that hypometabolism in the medial prefrontal areas is specifically associated with Alzheimer's disease-related nutritional problems, and decrease in fat mass may have a key role.

Why we did not evolve to live forever: Unveiling the mystery of why we age
Researchers at the Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB) in Mainz, Germany, have made a breakthrough in understanding the origin of the ageing process.

Immune system linked to alcohol drinking behavior
Researchers from the University of Adelaide have found a new link between the brain's immune system and the desire to drink alcohol in the evening.

CCNY-led research team identifies new organelle in parasitic wasp venom
City College of New York biologist Shubha Govind and her research team have identified the composition of 'virus-like particles' (VLPs) found in the venom of a wasp that is a parasite of fruit flies.

Chemotherapy pain could be eased by jetlag drug, study suggests
Painful side effects from cancer medicines could be tackled with a drug that eases the effects of jetlag, research suggests.

Physicists predict nonmetallic half-metallicity
The team of researchers, which included physicists from Russia and Japan, has demonstrated a theoretical mechanism for achieving half-metallicity that requires no transition metal atoms.
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