Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 18, 2017
NUS scientists combine antimalarial drug with light sensitive molecules for promising treatment of cancer
NUS scientists discovered that a combination of artemisinin, which is a potent anti-malarial drug, and aminolaevulinic acid, which is a photosensitizer, could kill colorectal cancer cells and suppress tumor growth more effectively than administering artemisinin alone.

Cholesterol-like molecules switch off the engine in cancer-targeting Natural Killer cells
The engine used by cancer-killing 'Natural Killer' cells is turned on by a protein called Srebp, which can be blocked by certain sterols like cholesterol.

Altitude training for cancer-fighting cells
Oxygen starvation could toughen up immune T cells for cancer immunotherapy.

Solar-to-fuel system recycles CO2 to make ethanol and ethylene
Berkeley Lab scientists have harnessed the power of photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide into fuels and alcohols at efficiencies far greater than plants.

Vaping doubles risk of smoking cigarettes for teens
Teenagers who try e-cigarettes double their risk for smoking tobacco cigarettes, according to a new study.

Cigarette price differences and infant mortality in the European Union
Higher cigarette prices were associated with reduced infant mortality in the European Union, while increased price differences between premium and budget cigarettes were associated with higher infant mortality, according to a new article published by JAMA Pediatrics.

Parents not confident schools can assist child with chronic disease, mental health
Most parents are sure schools would be able to provide basic first aid but are less confident about a school's ability to respond to more complex health situations, such as an asthma attack or mental health problem.

NASA sees Hurricane Jose off the US east coast
Hurricane Jose producing dangerous surf and rip currents along the east Coast of the United States.

Welfare of zoo animals set to improve
The wellbeing of zoological animals is set to improve following the successful trial of a new welfare assessment grid, a new study in the journal Veterinary Record reports.

RNA discovery could help boost plant heat, drought tolerance
The discovery of a RNA that can increase drought and salt tolerance in thale cress could illuminate a new research approach and hold implications for other plants, including food crops.

New study shows people with schizophrenia are dying younger
People with schizophrenia have a mortality rate that is three times greater each year than those without schizophrenia, and die on average, eight years earlier than people without schizophrenia according to a new Ontario study by researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES).

A fat-regulating enzyme could hold the key to obesity, diabetes, cancer, other diseases
It had already been known that the enzyme known as phosphatidic acid phosphatase plays a crucial role in regulating the amount of fat in the human body.

Relationship found between HIV risk and individual and community level educational status
African-American men who have sex with men (MSM) remain at heightened risk for HIV infection and account for the largest number of African-Americans living with HIV/AIDS.

New hope for limiting warming to 1.5°C
Significant emission reductions are required if we are to achieve one of the key goals of the Paris Agreement, and limit the increase in global average temperatures to 1.5°C; a new Oxford University partnership warns.

Fuel from waste and electricity?
Researchers at Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research, the University of Tübingen, Cornell University, and Deutsche Biomasseforschungszentrum have shown that the combination of microbial and electrochemical conversion of biomass can yield valuable products.

Wait-and-see strategy pays off, incentives needed for risk takers
Some people are quick to purchase the latest technology or sign up for a new service.

People with schizophrenia have threefold risk of dying
People with schizophrenia are three times more likely to die, and die younger, than the general population, indicating a need for solutions to narrow this gap, according to research published in CMAJ.

HIV-AIDS: Following your gut
Researchers find a way to reduce replication of the AIDS virus in the gastrointestinal tract.

Blood testing via sound waves may replace some tissue biopsies
Scientists from MIT and other institutions have developed a microfluidic device that uses sound waves to isolate cellular packets called exosomes from blood samples, which could be used to diagnose diseases such as cancer or fetal abnormalities.

Step towards better 'beyond lithium' batteries
A step towards new 'beyond lithium' rechargeable batteries with superior performance has been made by researchers at the University of Bath.

More evidence of water on Mars
River deposits exist across the surface of Mars and record a surface environment from over 3.5 billion years ago that was able to support liquid water at the surface.

When radio galaxies collide, supermassive black holes form tightly bound pairs
Supermassive black holes found in the centers of galaxies can form gravitationally bound pairs when galaxies merge, according to a study published in the Sept.

Physicists develop new recipes for design of fast single-photon gun
Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the University of Siegen have explained the mechanism of single-photon generation in diamond diodes.

Re-interventions are common in long-term survivors of childhood heart operation
Among patients who undergo childhood heart surgery for the severe birth defect single-ventricle disease, two-thirds of survivors require a surgical or catheter-based procedure within 20 years.

Connecting plants and society: The Shenzhen Declaration, a new roadmap for plant sciences
Unanimously supported by participants at the XIX International Botanical Congress, held in July 2017, Shenzhen, China, the Shenzhen Declaration for Plant Sciences, runs under the slogan of 'Uniting plant sciences and society to build a green, sustainable Earth' and comes in response to the rapid changes experienced by both our planet and society.

Six new sponge species and new symbiotic associations from the Indonesian coral triangle
The Indonesian coral reefs, located in the so-called coral triangle, are considered amongst the richest and most biodiverse places on Earth.

Study compares PhD programs in different countries
The PhD degree was established in Berlin 200 years ago and has spread across the world.

To predict how climate change will affect disease, researchers must fuse climate science and biology
To predict how climate change will affect disease, researchers must fuse climate science and biology, according to a Princeton University review.

New quantum phenomena in graphene superlattices
Graphene Flagship researchers show the first new type of quantum oscillation to be reported for thirty years.

Analyzing the language of color
MIT cognitive scientists have found that languages tend to divide the

Learning and unlearning to fear: The two faces of noradrenaline
Emotional learning can create strong memories and powerful emotional responses, but flexible behavior demands that these responses be inhibited when they are no longer appropriate.

VCU physicists discover a tri-anion particle with colossal stability
A team in the lab of Puru Jena, Ph.D., a distinguished professor in the Department of Physics in the College of Humanities and Sciences at Virginia Commonwealth University, has created the most stable tri-anion particle currently known to science.

More efficient use of raw materials with the aid of 'molecular conveyor belts'
Biotechnologists at Goethe University Frankfurt have now succeeded in optimizing sugar utilization in baker's yeast.

Changes in nonextreme precipitation may have not-so-subtle consequences
Major floods and droughts receive a lot of attention in the context of climate change, but University of Illinois researchers analyzed over five decades of precipitation data from North America to find that changes in nonextreme precipitation are more significant than previously realized and larger than those in extreme precipitation.

'Confusion and resistance' slows down UK smart meter rollout
Lack of consumer engagement, insufficient information, and inadequate attention to vulnerability has slowed down the UK rollout of energy smart meters, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Sussex.

A new approach to ultrafast light pulses
A team of MIT researchers and others has found a new way of producing high-speed pulses of light using two-dimensional molecular aggregates, which could enable new photonic devices such as optically based microchips.

Scalable process discovered to produce structural colors inspired by bird feathers
Researchers made nano-sized balls of melanin aggregate into clusters called supraballs.

Optical and electrical bistability study sheds light on next-gen high speed data transfer
Today, electrical bistable devices are the foundation of digital electronics, but the bandwidth of these electronic computers is limited by the signal delay of time constants important to electronic logic operations.

Copper catalyst yields high efficiency CO2-to-fuels conversion
Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a new electrocatalyst that can directly convert carbon dioxide into multicarbon fuels and alcohols using record-low inputs of energy.

American Academy of Pediatrics announces its first recommendations on tattoos, piercings
Tattoos and body piercings are an increasingly popular form of self-expression, but it is important for young people to carefully consider the consequences and potential risks associated with body modifications, according to the first clinical report on the topic published by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Brain activity may buffer against insomnia-related depression
Increased activity in a brain region involved in motivation may protect from depressive symptoms associated with poor sleep, according to a large study of young adults published in The Journal of Neuroscience.

People's love of the seas could be the key for plastic pollution solution
Tapping into the public's passion for the ocean could be the key to reducing the threats to it posed by plastic pollution.

Developing roads that can generate power from passing traffic
Researchers are looking at advanced materials for roads and pavements that could generate electricity from passing traffic.

Reliance on 'gut feelings' linked to belief in fake news
People who tend to trust their intuition or to believe that the facts they hear are politically biased are more likely to stand behind inaccurate beliefs, a new study suggests.

Wireless food stamp transactions tied to healthier shopping
New research links the equipping of mobile fruit and vegetable stands with wireless banking devices programmed to accept food stamps to the buying of more healthy foods by people with low incomes.

A solar cell you can put in the wash
Scientists from RIKEN and the University of Tokyo have developed a new type of ultra-thin photovoltaic device, coated on both sides with stretchable and waterproof films, which can continue to provide electricity from sunlight even after being soaked in water or being stretched and compressed.

Myth Debunked that OCD Is Associated With Superior Intelligence
The researchers conducted a meta-analysis of all the available literature on IQ in OCD samples versus non-psychiatric controls (98 studies), and found that contrary to the prevailing myth, OCD is not associated with superior IQ, but with normative IQ that is slightly lower compared to control samples.

Controlling movement like a dimmer switch
New research published in The Journal of Neuroscience identifies a motor pathway between the forebrain and brainstem that works like a dimmer switch to regulate swimming speed in the sea lamprey -- a primitive, jawless fish with an eel-like body studied by neuroscientists as a model of the vertebrate nervous system.

New evidence for small, short-lived drops of early universe quark-gluon plasma?
Particles emerging from even the lowest energy collisions of small deuterons with large heavy nuclei at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider a US Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility for nuclear physics research at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory -- exhibit behavior scientists associate with the formation of a soup of quarks and gluons, the fundamental building blocks of nearly all visible matter.

A Cereal survives heat and drought
An international consortium around the biologist Wolfram Weckwerth has published the genome sequence of Pearl millet, a drought resistant crop plant most important in aride regions in Africa and Asia.

Cells programmed like computers to fight disease
Cells can be programmed like a computer to fight cancer, influenza, and other serious conditions -- thanks to a breakthrough in synthetic biology by the University of Warwick.

2-D Electronics' metal or semiconductor? Both
IBS researchers produced the first 2-D field-effect transistor (FET) made of a single material.

People with HIV who smoke are more likely to die from lung cancer than from HIV itself
People living with HIV who adhere to antiretroviral therapy but smoke cigarettes are around 10 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from HIV itself, according to a study led by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital.

NREL investigates coatings needed for concentrating solar power
Next-generation concentrating solar power (CSP) plants require high-temperature fluids, like molten salts, in the range of 550-750 degrees Celsius to store heat and generate electricity.

Sexual behavior in Germany
A sexual history and consultation in the practice setting can contribute to counteracting the spread of sexually transmitted infections.

Changes in Earth's crust caused oxygen to fill the atmosphere
New research out of the University of B.C. has uncovered a direct link between changes in the earth's crust three billion years ago and the introduction of free oxygen to the atmosphere.

New assay leads to step toward gene therapy for deaf patients
Scientists at have taken an important step toward gene therapy for deaf patients by developing a way to better study a large protein essential for hearing and finding a truncated version of it.

Study uncovers markers for severe form of multiple sclerosis
New Haven, Conn. -- Scientists have uncovered two closely related cytokines -- molecules involved in cell communication and movement -- that may explain why some people develop progressive multiple sclerosis (MS), the most severe form of the disease.

How bacteria hinder chemotherapy
Scientists find bacteria in pancreatic tumors that metabolize a common drug.

Researchers integrate wireless high-speed data and power transfer
Researchers have developed a system that can simultaneously deliver watts of power and transmit data at rates high enough to stream video over the same wireless connection.

'My genes made me do it:' Behavioral genetic evidence in criminal court
The use of genetic data to establish a physiological basis for violent or impulsive criminal behaviors is occurring more frequently in criminal trials.

A simple additive to improve film quality
Simple chemicals called glycol ethers help make better perovskite thin films for solar cells.

Suffocation risk from small hard sugar balls
The German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) assessed the possible health risks of large hard sugar balls back in 2010.

Colder and colder
An original method of cooling ions could have new and interesting uses.

MicroRNA helps cancer evade immune system
Salk researchers discover how oxygen-deprived tumors survive body's immune response.

Biologists identify gene involved in kidney-related birth defects
A team led by University of Iowa researchers has identified a gene linked to rare kidney-related birth defects.

Black babies more likely to have nursing care missed in their NICU stay
Everybody wants a healthy life for their baby. Black babies are more likely to be born prematurely, which puts them at risk for death and developmental problems.

New study shows promise of gene therapy to treat alcoholism
Researchers used gene transfer to block the expression of one of the two main enzymes that break down alcohol in the liver, leading to the accumulation in liver cells of acetaldehyde, a metabolic byproduct of ethanol.

Study examines counseling experiences of transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals
Transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) individuals often encounter discrimination that may compel them to seek mental health services, but some mental health practitioners are inadequately prepared to work with TGNC clients.

NASA finds a pinhole eye in Hurricane Otis
Over the course of three days, Otis transitioned from a struggling tropical depression into a powerful hurricane in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

When it comes to the threat of extinction, size matters
Animals in the Goldilocks zone -- neither too big, nor too small, but just the right size -- face a lower risk of extinction than do those on both ends of the scale, according to an extensive global analysis.

Sex and aggression controlled separately in female animal brains, but overlap in male brains
Brain structures that control sexual and aggressive behavior in mice are wired differently in females than in males.

Tracing trends could lead to better public health education
The educated members of a population are the trailblazers of risky behavior, but they are quicker to change their habits once the consequences of that behavior become better understood, according to new research from Penn State, which could also have implications on how public health education is approached.

Metabolism can be used to subtype hepatoblastoma
Looking at cell metabolism instead of histology, EPFL scientists have identified new biomarkers that could help more accurately classify the two main subtypes of hepatoblastoma, a children's liver cancer.

Genomic recycling: Ancestral genes take on new roles
How some genes lost the ability to make proteins -- and gained regulatory powers.

Scientists edit butterfly wing spots and stripes
An international research team working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama knocked-out a single control gene in the DNA of seven different butterfly species.

Deep roots in plants driven by soil hydrology
Searching for water, some tree roots probe hundreds of feet deep and many trees send roots through cracks in rocks, according to a new study led by a Rutgers University-New Brunswick professor.

NASA sees Talim now extra-tropical
Tropical Storm Talim made landfall on Kyushu, the large island of southwestern Japan, where it weakened to an extra-tropical storm.

An effective way to eliminate atrazine and its by-products in surface water
Atrazine, widely used as a weedkiller, is known to have harmful effects on aquatic wildlife and presents a risk to human health by altering the action of certain hormones.

Asthma medication may have psychiatric side effects
In a Pharmacology Research & Perspectives study, the asthma medication montelukast (trade name Singulair) was linked with neuropsychiatric reactions such as depression and aggression, with nightmares being especially frequent in children.

'Smart meters need a rapid rethink,' say Bath researchers
Researchers from the University of Bath have highlighted the limitations of the current £11 billion smart meter roll out and developed their own intuitive 'smarter' smart meter, providing home owners with significant energy savings.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Norma kicking up surf in Mexico
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Tropical Storm Norma when it was just 145 miles south-southwest of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, close enough to create rough ocean conditions and bring rain to Baja California.

Chemists make playdough/Lego-like hybrid to create tiny building blocks
Playdough and Legos are among the most popular childhood building blocks.

Why bad sleep doesn't always lead to depression
Poor sleep is both a risk factor, and a common symptom, of depression.

Dogs' social skills linked to oxytocin sensitivity
The tendency of dogs to seek contact with their owners is associated with genetic variations in sensitivity for the hormone oxytocin, according to a new study from Linköping University, Sweden.

1-good-neighbor diagnosability of alternating group graph networks under PMC and MM* model
The research study will help engineers to develop more different measures of the nature diagnosability based on application environment, network topology, network reliability, and statistics related to fault patterns.

Secrets of bright, rapidly spinning star revealed
Almost 50 years after it was first predicted that rapidly rotating stars would emit polarized light, a UNSW Sydney-led team of scientists has succeeded in observing the phenomenon for the first time.

Sheep gene insights could help farmers breed healthier animals
Fresh insights into the genetic code of sheep could aid breeding programmes to improve their health and productivity.

Life-long blood production depends on hundreds of cells that form prior to birth
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital study reports that blood production is founded on an unexpectedly large number of precursor cells, offering insight into origins of blood diseases that strike early in life.

NASA sees Maria intensify into a major hurricane
NASA and NOAA satellites have provided data on Maria as it strengthened into a major Hurricane headed toward the Leeward Islands.

Genetically altered mice bear some hallmarks of human bipolar behavior
Johns Hopkins researchers report they have genetically engineered mice that display many of the behavioral hallmarks of human bipolar disorder, and that the abnormal behaviors the rodents show can be reversed using well-established drug treatments for bipolar disorder, such as lithium.

Fueling a cleaner combustion
Insight into the thermal decomposition of a potential fuel additive shows it could promote cleaner and more efficient combustion.

Researchers learn more about maximizing brain use
Neuroscientists from Higher School of Economics and Charité University Clinic in Berlin have come up with a new multivariate method for predicting behavioural response to a stimulus using information about the phase of preceding neuronal oscillations recorded with EEG.

Just squeeze in -- when spaces are tight, nature loosens its laws
It turns out that when they're in a hurry and space is limited, ions, like people, will find a way to cram in -- even if that means defying nature's norms.

A new approach to high insulin levels
Diabetes is characterised by a deficiency of insulin. The opposite is the case in congenital hyperinsulinism: patients produce the hormone in excessive quantities.

NASA identifies wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Lee
Visible imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite showed Tropical Storm Lee as a weak swirl of clouds around its center with most of its clouds and thunderstorms pushed east of its center.

Two Americas: Seniors are getting healthier but most gains go to high-income whites
Older Americans report feeling dramatically healthier than they did 14 years ago but that good health isn't evenly distributed, with much of the gain going to the wealthiest, most highly educated and whites.

Tug of war between Parkinson's protein and growth factor
Alpha-synuclein, a sticky and sometimes toxic protein involved in Parkinson's disease, blocks signals from the growth factor BDNF, adding to evidence that alpha-synuclein is a pivot for brain cell damage.

Eight children born after uterus transplants
Eight children born -- and the first robot-assisted operation performed.

Budget cigarettes linked to higher infant mortality rates in EU countries
A study in 23 EU countries found that larger price differences between high and low priced cigarettes are associated with higher infant mortality.

Microscopic technique for detecting microbial life in enceladus water plumes
A new study has demonstrated the potential to use digital holographic microscopy (DHM) to detect microorganisms and evidence of life in water collected from the plume rising from the surface of Saturn's icy moon Enceladus.

Study finds that most older adults are aware of medication risks
Most older adults are aware of medication risks, according to a recent study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Risk of lung cancer death by smoking status among patients with HIV
A new article published in JAMA Internal Medicine projects risk of lung cancer death by smoking status among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and receiving care for HIV.

Beta blockers not needed after heart attack if other medications taken
A new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill finds beta blockers are not needed after a heart attack if heart-attack survivors are taking ACE inhibitors and statins.

Scientists demonstrated 1.3 μm submilliamp threshold quantum dot micro-lasers on Si
A group of researchers from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and University of California, Santa Barbara, successfully demonstrated record-small electrically pumped micro-lasers epitaxially grown on industry standard (001) silicon substrates in a recent study.

Scientists show molecular basis for ants acting as 'bodyguards' for plants
Though you might not think of ants as formidable bodyguards, some do an impressive job protecting plants from enemies.

New approach boosts performance in thermoelectric materials
A team of researchers -- from universities across the United States and China, as well as Oak Ridge National Laboratory -- is reporting a new mechanism to boost the performance of thermoelectric materials through higher carrier mobility, increasing how quickly charge-carrying electrons can move across the material.

New lung cell type discovered
A recent study has identified a new lung cell type that is implicated in the body's innate immune defense against the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae -- one of the leading causes of pneumonia worldwide.

Urine output to disease: Study sheds light on the importance of hormone quality control
A discovery about the endoplasmic reticulum in hormone-producing cells shed lights on water balance under normal physiology and could open doors to better understanding of diseases related to misfolded proteins.

Black, white or multicultural: Constructing race in two countries
A new study demonstrates the strong influence ancestry plays in Americans' interpretation of whether someone is black, white or multiracial, highlighting differences in the way race is socially constructed in the US compared to other parts of the world.

Taking a break from dieting may improve weight loss
Avoiding continuous dieting may be the key to losing weight and keeping the kilos off, the latest University of Tasmania research shows.

World first: 'Storing lightning inside thunder'
In a world first, University of Sydney researchers have stored photonic information on a microchip as an acoustic wave.

Researchers unlock potential pathway to treat flesh-eating bacteria
Researchers at Houston Methodist have solved a 100-year-old mystery, providing them a possible key to unlock a pathway for treating diseases caused by flesh-eating bacteria.

Video game boosts sex health IQ and attitudes in minority teens
A video game designed by Yale researchers to promote health and reduce risky behavior in teens improves sexual health knowledge and attitudes among minority youth, according to a new study.

How eyes get clogged in glaucoma and how to free them
IBS biologists find an explanation for the increase in intraocular pressure in glaucoma and a promising therapeutic option to rejuvenate the eye.

American oaks share a common northern ancestor
A single species gave rise to 220 more and two distinct lineages of oaks -- red oaks and white oaks -- that moved through the boreal zone to populate large swaths of the continent all the way into Mexico.

Fake news more likely to thrive online due to lowered fact-checking
Fake News More Likely to Thrive Online Due to Lowered Fact-Checking, According to Research from Columbia Business School

DNA triggers shape-shifting in hydrogels, opening a new way to make 'soft robots'
Biochemical engineers at the Johns Hopkins University have used sequences of DNA molecules to induce shape-changing in water-based gels, demonstrating a new tactic to produce 'soft' robots and

New mirror-coating technology promises dramatic improvements in telescopes
At UC Santa Cruz, an electrical engineer has teamed up with astronomers to improve telescope mirrors using thin-film technology from the electronics industry.

New research indicates the importance of early season control of herbicide-resistant kochia
Researchers writing in the latest edition of the journal Weed Science are providing new insights into the control of herbicide-resistant kochia, a weed that competes with both dryland and irrigated crops across the Great Plains states.

Metabolism switch signals end for healing hearts
Researchers have identified the process that shuts down the human heart's ability to heal itself, and are now searching for a drug to reverse it.

Catheterization procedure linked to potentially long-lasting blood vessel damage
Transradial catheterization -- when a clinician inserts a long thin tube through the radial artery in the arm -- is commonly used to diagnose and treat certain heart conditions.

What motivates men to donate sperm online? World-first QUT study
A world-first Queensland University of Technology study into online sperm donor behavior has revealed the importance men place on their family, friends and the risks associated with donation, has little impact on their motivation or psychology when choosing to donate their sperm to women they meet online.

When caring for a sick pet becomes too much
The mental and physical stress on individuals caring for elderly loved ones with chronic and terminal disease is well-documented and known as caregiver burden.

Scientists identify new hosts for Chagas Disease vectors
Solitary weasel-like animals called tayra might look pretty harmless, but some may actually be incubators for a parasite that causes Chagas disease, a chronic, debilitating condition that is spread by insects called kissing bugs and affects more than 8 million people worldwide.

Enzyme's worth to biofuels shown in latest NREL research
An enzyme discovered at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) proves adept at breaking down cellulose fibers regardless of whether their crystalline structure is simple or highly complex.

Horses working in therapeutic riding programs do not experience additional stress
In the US, therapeutic horseback riding offers equine-assisted therapy to diverse populations who have anxiety disorders.

ADHD kids can be still -- If they're not straining their brains
Lack of motivation or boredom with school isn't to blame for squirming by children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

New self-powered paper patch could help diabetics measure glucose during exercise
A new paper-based sensor patch developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York could allow diabetics to effectively measure glucose levels during exercise. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to