Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 20, 2017
Lipid vesicles replace blood in new bacteria test
As schools around the US start back up, so do trips to the doctor's office.

Plant physiology: Adjusting to fluctuating temperatures
Later leaf emergence, earlier leaf loss: A new study of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich shows that the average vegetation periods of trees and shrubs in North America are intrinsically three weeks shorter than those of comparable species in Europe and Asia.

PTSD linked with increased lupus risk
In a study published in Arthritis & Rheumatology, trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in civilian women were strongly associated with increased risk of developing lupus, an autoimmune disease.

Criminal Justice Review examines special victim populations
A special issue of Criminal Justice Review focuses on the victimization of specialized populations, including youth involved in prostitution, youth living in foster care, LGBTQ students in middle and high school, female college students, and victims of continuous child sexual abuse, and examines the delivery of services and the development of policy to address these groups.

Is the Milky Way an 'outlier' galaxy? Studying its 'siblings' for clues
The most-studied galaxy in the universe -- the Milky Way -- might not be as 'typical' as previously thought, according to a new study.

Real or fake? Creating fingers to protect identities
MSU biometric expert Anil Jain and doctoral student Joshua Engelsma have for the first time designed and created a fake finger containing multiple key properties of human skin.

Faulty cell signaling derails cerebral cortex development, could it lead to autism?
As the embryonic brain develops, a complex cascade of cellular events occur, starting with progenitors -- the originating cells that generate neurons and spur proper cortex development.

Naked molecules dancing in liquid become visible
IBS scientists visualize unstained chains of atoms, called polymers, moving inside tiny graphene pockets under electron microscopes.

Cell phone data coupled with sewage testing show drug use patterns
The drugs people inhale, inject or ingest ultimately end up in some form down the toilet.

Straining the memory: Prototype strain engineered materials are the future of data storage
Researchers from the Singapore University of Technology and Design and Shanghai Institute of Microsystems and Information Technology have strain-engineered a data storage material to store data by exploiting a process of avalanche atomic switching.

Midlife depression may stem from tension with mothers and siblings, Iowa State study finds
Relationships with our mothers and siblings continue to have an effect on our well-being, particularly at midlife.

Training course for chronic fatigue syndrome or ME is effective for children alongside specialist care
A training course that aims to ease symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome is effective and probably cost-effective when provided alongside specialist care for children with mild to moderate illness, finds a trial published by the journal Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Dinosaur evolution: Lumbering giants had agile ancestors
The best known sauropod dinosaurs were huge herbivorous creatures, whose brain structures were markedly different from those of their evolutionary predecessors, for the earliest representatives of the group were small, lithe carnivores.

Early guidance can help future moms fight fear of childbirth
Cesarean deliveries in most developed countries, including Canada, are at least 10 to 20 percent higher than recommended by the World Health Organization, and many efforts to decrease unnecessary C-sections have failed.

Smokers who quit have metabolite levels that resemble those of nonsmokers
Even after years of smoking, the body has a remarkable ability to repair itself.

Tablets can teach kids to solve physical puzzles
Researchers replicated a previous study to confirm that 4- to 6-year-old children can transfer learning of a puzzle from a touchscreen device to the physical version.

More mouths can be fed by boosting number of plant pores
Scientists at ITbM, Nagoya University have synthesized a new bioactive small molecule that has the ability to increase stomata numbers on flowering plants without stunting their growth.

Bio-inspired approach to RNA delivery
A team of MIT chemical engineers, inspired by the way that cells translate their own mRNA into proteins, has designed a synthetic delivery system that is four times more effective than delivering mRNA on its own.

Motivation may be less limited than we think
Although we tire at specific tasks, study finds motivation to work may be stable throughout the day.

Despite legal abortion in Great Britain, women cite access barriers, new research finds
Some women are seeking abortion services outside the formal healthcare system in Great Britain, where abortion is legally available, citing reasons such as access barriers, privacy concerns and controlling circumstances, according to new research from Abigail Aiken, an assistant professor at the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin.

Immune cells produce wound healing factor, could lead to new IBD treatment
Specific immune cells have the ability to produce a healing factor that can promote wound repair in the intestine, a finding that could lead to new, potential therapeutic treatments for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a new research study.

Immune cells may heal bleeding brain after strokes
By studying rodents, researchers showed that instead of attacking germs, some neutrophils may help heal the brain after an intracerebral hemorrhage, a form of stroke caused by ruptured blood vessels.

One e-cigarette with nicotine leads to adrenaline changes in nonsmokers' hearts
Electronic cigarettes have been touted as both a safer alternative for smokers and as an effective way for people to gradually quit smoking altogether.

Fish may use different behaviors to protect against parasites
New research indicates that fish may adapt their behavior to defend against parasite infection.

Treatment of heart attack patients depends on history of cancer
Treatment of heart attack patients depends on their history of cancer, according to research published today in European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care.

Rolling dice for cell size specification in plant leaf epidermis
Associate Professor Kensuke Kawade at Okazaki Institute for Integrative Bioscience and National Institute for Basic Biology, in collaboration with Professor Hirokazu Tsukaya at the Graduate School of Science, the University of Tokyo, discovered that endoreduplication, which promotes cellular enlargement in the epidermal tissue of Arabidopsis thaliana, occurs randomly as a Poisson process throughout cellular maturation.

Most Americans get science news from general outlets more say specialty outlets more accurate
Most Americans say they get science news no more than a few times per month, and when they do, most get it by happenstance rather than intentionally, according to a new Pew Research Center study.

NASA finds very heavy rainfall in Hurricane Maria
NASA looked into Hurricane Maria and found that powerful convective storms within the hurricane were dropping heavy rainfall.

Inflammatory bowel disease in childhood associated with increased risk of cancer
Children diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease have an increased risk of cancer, especially gastrointestinal cancers, both in childhood and later in life, finds a study published in The BMJ today.

Kessler study shows behavioral approach reduces cognitive fatigue in multiple sclerosis
MS researchers describe a new nonpharmacological approach to reducing cognitive fatigue in MS.

New study offers novel treatment strategy for patients with colon cancer
Colorectal cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide.

Hubble discovers a unique type of object in the solar system
With the help of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, a German-led group of astronomers have observed the intriguing characteristics of an unusual type of object in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter: two asteroids orbiting each other and exhibiting comet-like features, including a bright coma and a long tail.

Researchers develop new tool to assess individual's level of wisdom
Researchers at University of San Diego School of Medicine have developed a new tool called the San Diego Wisdom Scale (SD-WISE) to assess an individual's level of wisdom, based upon a conceptualization of wisdom as a trait with a neurobiological as well as psychosocial basis.

Test for safe CO2 storage to aid world-leading technology project
A test that inexpensively monitors the safe storage of industrial carbon dioxide gas emissions in carbon capture and storage technology is to be used at a $5 million test site in Canada.

Oxytocin turns up the volume of your social environment
A new study from UC Davis shows that the so-called 'love hormone' oxytocin can intensify negative as well as positive experiences.

Scientists from the RUDN University will make computer networks more robust
The scientists from the Center for Applied Probabilistic Analysis of the Institute of Applied Mathematics and Telecommunications of the RUDN University have used a new mathematical model to find out why telecommunication systems and electronic equipment that handles numerous client requests break down.

Steering the immune defense against fungal pathogens
Fungal infections represent an increasing health crisis, especially for immune-deficient patients.

Finding a natural defense against clogged arteries
Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center have identified an unexpected natural protective factor against chronic inflammation that drives cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes.

Breaking legume's crop wild relative barrier
In a new study, scientists report significant strides in transferring disease- and stress-resistance traits from wild relatives of several legumes to their domesticated varieties.

Hold the phone: An ambulance might lower your chances of surviving some injuries
Victims of gunshots and stabbings are significantly less likely to die if they're taken to the trauma center by a private vehicle than ground emergency medical services (EMS), according to results of a new analysis.

Genome editing reveals role of gene important for human embryo development
Researchers have used genome editing technology to reveal the role of a key gene in human embryos in the first few days of development.

Slowly proliferating melanoma cells with high metastatic properties
A study conducted at The Wistar Institute has led to the identification of a slowly proliferating and highly invasive melanoma cell subpopulation, characterized by production of a protein associated with invasive behavior.

Communication key to preventing spread of drug-resistant bacteria
Communication breakdowns between care facilities can pave the way for outbreaks of infection, according to research on the spread of an extensively drug-resistant bacterium.

How Teotihuacan's urban design was lost and found
The paper outlines how the urban design of the city of Teotihuacan differed from past and subsequent cities, only to be rediscovered and partially modelled on many centuries later by the Aztecs.

Alcohol use affects levels of cholesterol regulator through epigenetics
In an analysis of the epigenomes of people and mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and the National Institutes of Health report that drinking alcohol may induce changes to a cholesterol-regulating gene.

Study suggests you can 'pick up' a good or bad mood from your friends
New research suggests that both good and bad moods can be 'picked up' from friends, but depression can't.

Long-term follow-up after weight-loss surgery finds high rate of anemia
Researchers found a high rate of anemia 10 years after patients received Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, suggesting that long-term follow-up with a bariatric specialist is important to lessen the risk for anemia, according to a study published by JAMA Surgery.

Comet or asteroid? Hubble discovers that a unique object is a binary
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope helped an international team of astronomers find that an unusual object in the asteroid belt is, in fact, two asteroids orbiting each other that have comet-like features.

Study: US women report diverse preferences related to sexual pleasure
A recently published paper in the Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy finds that US women report a diversity of preferences related to sexual pleasure and orgasm.

Chemists speak out on sexual harassment in academia
Sexual misconduct on college campuses is an age-old problem that continues to plague students and faculty, and is now the subject of renewed debate.

Mathematicians ask: What's in a ripple?
When a fluid or a gas experiences a sudden disturbance, it often gives rise to a phenomenon known as an undular bore, which consists of a series of rapid oscillations that propagate and spread.

When residents take charge of their rainforests, fewer trees die
When the government gives citizens a personal stake in forested land, trees don't disappear as quickly and environmental harm slows down.

Voters reward -- or punish -- school board incumbents based on white students' achievement
Voters reward or punish incumbent school board members based on the achievement of white students in their district, while outcomes for African-American and Hispanic students get relatively little attention at the ballot box, according to a study co-authored by a Baylor University scholar.

Thousands of new microbial communities identified in human body
A new study of the human microbiome -- the trillions of microbial organisms that live on and within our bodies -- has analyzed thousands of new measurements of microbial communities from the gut, skin, mouth, and vaginal microbiome, yielding new insights into the role these microbes play in human health.

Scientists propose new concept of terrestrial planet formation
A team of scientists from NASA, Hampton University and the University of Hong Kong propose a new way of understanding the cooling and transfer of heat from terrestrial planetary interiors and how that affects the generation of the volcanic terrains that dominate the rocky planets.

Palau ocean sustainability linked to tourist consumption of reef fish
Reducing tourist consumption of reef fish is critical for Palau's ocean sustainability, finds a new Nippon Foundation-UBC Nereus Program study published today in Marine Policy.

System automatically modifies code for transfer to other programs
Researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) have developed a new system that allows programmers to transplant code from one program into another.

Parents: How you manage conflict has an impact on your kids
It's not always bad for children to be exposed to their parents' disagreements.

Newly identified role of major Alzheimer's gene suggests possible therapeutic target
A new role has been identified for the major Alzheimer's risk factor ApoE4, suggesting that targeting the protein may help treat the disease.

Fly away home? Ice age may have clipped bird migration
The onset of the last ice age may have forced some bird species to abandon their northerly migrations for thousands of years, says new research led by a University of Nebraska-Lincoln ornithologist.

Genetic risk profile predicts survival for people with severe lung disease
An international Yale-led research team has shown that a risk profile based on 52 genes accurately predicts survival for patients with a severe lung disease.

Epilepsy drugs may have damaging effects on children's bones
In a study published in Epilepsia, young people taking anti-epileptic drugs experienced elevated rates of bone fractures and had reductions in tibial bone mineral density and lower limb muscle force.

New quality control method to select effective MβCD for treating Neimann-Pick disease
Researchers have developed a quality control method to evaluate the pharmacological activity and potential effectiveness of different preparations of the therapeutic agent methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD).

Tibetan yoga practice may improve sleep quality for breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy
Participating in twice-weekly practice of Tibetan yoga may reduce sleep disturbances and improve sleep quality in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, according to a study from researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Discovery helps improve accuracy of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing
Detailed study of how domains within the Cas9 protein move when the molecule binds to DNA has allowed UC Berkeley, Harvard and Massachusettes General Hospital scientists to locate the protein that monitors the fidelity of binding between the Cas9 single-guide RNA and its DNA target.

Binge drinking in college may lower chances of landing a job after college
Heavy drinking six times a month reduces the probability that a new college graduate will land a job by 10 percent, according to a Tel Aviv University researcher.

How do human impacts on wetlands affect animals?
A new Biological Reviews study provides a comprehensive assessment of how changes to wetlands affect animals, and the authors use their findings to provide recommendations for managing wetlands to maximise their biodiversity.

Small intestine permeable peptides facilitate digestive tract absorption
Biopharmaceuticals, medium- and high-molecular weight biologically active macromolecules, are not easily absorbed by the small intestine, the main organ responsible for gastrointestinal absorption, resulting in a bottleneck for oral administration type biopharmaceutical development.

Scientists find cellular backup plan for keeping iron levels just right
Researchers in the Nutritional Sciences department at the University of Wisconsin have uncovered a new connection in the network of checks and balances underlying cellular iron regulation.

Drones can almost see in the dark
UZH researchers have taught drones how to fly using an eye-inspired camera, opening the door to them performing fast, agile maneuvers and flying in low-light environments.

Life differences make women less risk tolerant when investing
Prior research has long shown that women are less risk tolerant in their financial decisions than men.

Winter restricts innovation
Why are there so many more species in the tropics?

Convergent evolution of mimetic butterflies confounds classification
David Lohman, associate professor of biology at The City College of New York's Division of Science, is co-author of a landmark paper on butterflies 'An illustrated checklist of the genus Elymnias Hübner, 1818 (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae).' Lohman and his colleagues from Taiwan and Indonesia revise the taxonomy of Asian palmflies in the genus Elymnias in light of a forthcoming study on the butterflies' evolutionary history.

Radavirsen performs well in early influenza trial
A phase 1 clinical trial published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found that radavirsen--an antisense oligomer that inhibits the production of certain influenza proteins -- is safe and well-tolerated in healthy individuals.

Aging star blows off smoky bubble
Astronomers have used ALMA to capture a strikingly beautiful view of a delicate bubble of expelled material around the exotic red star U Antliae.

NASA gets an infrared view of large Tropical Storm Jose
Satellite imagery shows that Jose is a large storm, with a large reach.

Summer rainfall over the Yangtze River valley can differ after similar El Nino events
The rainfall over the Yangtze River valley in the summer of 2016 was much weaker than that in 1998, despite the intensity of the 2016 El Nino having been as strong as that in 1998.

Gravity waves influence weather and climate
Gravity waves form in the atmosphere as a result of destabilizing processes.

Concussions in adolescence linked with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis
A new study published in the Annals of Neurology found a link between head trauma in adolescence, particularly if repeated, with a raised risk of later developing multiple sclerosis.

New Army models predict number of cyberattacks that pierce company networks
A new study from the US Army Research Laboratory presents evidence that the number of cyber intrusions can be predicted, particularly when analysts are already observing activities on a company or government organization's computer network.

JDR special issue on orofacial clefting and dental and craniofacial anomalies
The International and American Associations for Dental Research (IADR/AADR) have published a special issue in the Journal of Dental Research (JDR) on orofacial clefting and dental and craniofacial anomalies.

Researchers identify millions of new genes in the human microbiome
A new study of the human microbiome has uncovered millions of previously unknown genes from microbial communities in the human gut, skin, mouth, and vaginal microbiome, allowing for new insights into the role these microbes play in human health and disease.

Plants combine color and fragrance to procure pollinators
Who knew that it's possible to predict the fragrance of a flower by looking at its color?

Obesity may adversely affect sperm quality
The journal Andologia has published the first report of abnormal sperm parameters in obese men based on computer aided sperm analysis.

Novel small antibody fragment: A valuable tool in crystallography
Achieving quality diffracting crystals remains the major bottleneck in macromolecular X-ray crystallography.

Could condors return to northern California?
In 2003, Northern California's Yurok Tribe initiated efforts to reintroduce California condors on their lands.

Bite force research reveals dinosaur-eating frog
Scientists say that a large, now extinct, frog called Beelzebufo that lived about 68 million years ago in Madagascar would have been capable of eating small dinosaurs.

The right way to repair DNA
Salk scientists discover that microprotein helps cells choose best path to repair genes and avoid cancer.

Wave Glider surfs across stormy Drake Passage in Antarctica
A hardy ocean drone made a first-ever attempt to surf across Antarctica's stormy Drake Passage gathering data about ocean mixing.

What will become of English in a post-Brexit European Union?
How might the Brexit process affect the status of the English language within the European Union?

Space radiation is risky business for the human body
NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) is working to protect the whole human body from radiation in space.

Certain bone deficits may increase fracture risk in individuals with diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased fracture risk despite normal or high bone mineral density.

Spinning a lighter, safer electrode
A group of Drexel University researchers have created a fabric-like material electrode that could help make energy storage devices -- batteries and supercapacitors -- faster and less susceptible to leaks or disastrous meltdowns.

Two antibodies are better than one for preventing HIV infection
A cocktail of two broadly-neutralizing HIV-1 antibodies (bNAbs) protected primates against infection with a mixed population of HIV viruses -- conditions that mimic real-world transmission -- researchers report.

Imagining a world without species
Categorizing species can get hazy at small, microbial scales. After all, the classical definition of species as interbreeding individuals with sexually viable offspring doesn't apply to asexual organisms.

Researchers discover unique property of critical methane-producing enzyme
An unexpected discovery has given a group of University of Illinois scientists a greater understanding of an important methane-producing enzyme called methyl-coenzyme M reductase, or MCR.

Animal acoustic activity decline shows forest fire pollution wreaks havoc on wildlife
Forest fires in Southeast Asia during the El Niño droughts of 2015 caused considerable disruption to the biodiversity of the region due to the smoke-induced 'haze' they created, according to new research led by Benjamin Lee at the University of Kent and the National Parks Board in Singapore.

Foster tadpoles trigger parental instinct in poison frogs
Especially male poison frogs piggyback their offspring to pools in the rainforest.

Metallurgy breakthrough
HRL Laboratories, LLC, has made a breakthrough in metallurgy with the announcement that researchers at the famous facility have developed a technique for successfully 3-D printing high-strength aluminum alloys that opens the door to additive manufacturing of engineering-relevant alloys.

3-D analysis of dog fossils sheds light on domestication debate
In an effort to settle the debate about the origin of dog domestication, a technique that uses 3-D scans of fossils is helping researchers determine the difference between dogs and wolves.

Loma Linda University study says eating nuts can reduce weight gain
A 5-year study that evaluated diet and lifestyle data from more than 373,000 individuals from 10 European countries between the ages of 25 and 70 says consuming nuts can reduce weight gain.

'Capicua' gene plays a key role in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Researchers at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre have discovered a genetic alteration that is directly involved in at least 10 percent of cases of one of the most common cancers in children, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Building social communication skills in shy children helps with peer likeability
A new study by Yale-NUS College Assistant Professor of Social Sciences (Psychology) Cheung Hoi Shan has discovered that shy children with low English vocabulary skills, can still be popular among their peers if they have high-functioning social communication skills that enable them to engage and interact well with their peers in social settings.

Ensuring broccoli sprouts retain their cancer-fighting compounds
Raw broccoli sprouts, a rich source of potential cancer-fighting compounds, have become a popular health food in recent years.

Less physical therapy can be just as effective
Treating patients suffering from neck pain with exercise therapy alone seems to be as effective as combining exercise and manual therapies, according a new study.

Scientists make atoms-thick Post-It notes for solar cells and circuits
A study led by UChicago researchers, published Sept. 20 in Nature, describes an innovative method to make stacks of semiconductors just a few atoms thick.

Getting to the heart of the matter: Nanogels for heart attack patients
Heart disease and heart-related illnesses are a leading cause of death around the world, but treatment options are limited.

Treating asthma or COPD with steroid inhaler raises the risk of hard-to-treat infections
Older people who use steroid inhalers for asthma or COPD are more likely to suffer particular bacterial infections, according to a large study published in the European Respiratory Journal.

Social environment matters for duck penis size
Most birds lack genitalia, but male ducks are known for their long, spiraling penises, which have evolved through an ongoing cat-and-mouse game with females.

Three-in-one antibody protects monkeys from HIV-like virus
A three-pronged antibody made in the laboratory protected monkeys from infection with two strains of SHIV, a monkey form of HIV, better than individual natural antibodies from which the engineered antibody is derived, researchers report in Science today.

Scientists create world's first 'molecular robot' capable of building molecules
Scientists at the University of Manchester have created the world's first 'molecular robot' that is capable of performing basic tasks including building other molecules.

Brain cancer growth halted by absence of protein, Stanford study finds
The growth of certain aggressive brain tumors can be halted by cutting off their access to a signaling molecule produced by the brain's nerve cells, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

New biomaterial could replace plastic laminates, greatly reduce pollution
An inexpensive biomaterial that can be used to sustainably replace plastic barrier coatings in packaging and many other applications has been developed by Penn State researchers, who predict its adoption would greatly reduce pollution.

Monitoring the heart's mitochondria to predict cardiac arrest?
A new device can assess in real time whether the body's tissues are receiving enough oxygen and, placed on the heart, can predict cardiac arrest in critically ill heart patients.

Protected waters foster resurgence of West Coast rockfish
West Coast rockfish species in deep collapse only 20 years ago have multiplied rapidly in large marine protected areas off Southern California, likely seeding surrounding waters with enough offspring to offer promise of renewed fishing, a new study has found.

This dance is taken: Hundreds of male frog species change colors around mating time
Some of nature's most vibrant colors occur in frogs, who peek out from rainforests and marshes in startling shades of blue, yellow and red.

Study: Boys and girls in countries rich and poor enter teens with damaging gender stereotypes firmly set
Whether you are child in Baltimore, Beijing, Nairobi or New Delhi, the onset of adolescence triggers a surprisingly common set of rigidly enforced gender expectations that are linked to increased lifelong risks of everything from HIV and depression to violence and suicide.

10,000-year-old DNA proves when fish colonialized our lakes
DNA in lake sediment forms a natural archive displaying when various fish species colonized lakes after the glacial period.

Latest health reform proposal jeopardizes care for us all as we age
The Graham-Cassidy bill -- the newest proposal in a line of legislation to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act -- will harm access to key health services for older Americans, families, caregivers, and healthcare professionals.

What mainly contributes to heat waves over the Yangtze River valley?
Sea surface temperature forcing can explain about two-thirds of heat wave variability and the other third comes from atmospheric internal variability during 1979-2008.

Researchers hit the brakes on lethal brain cancers in mice
New research conducted in mice provides evidence that highly lethal brain tumors, called high-grade gliomas, stop growing when deprived of a specific molecule naturally produced when brain cells fire.

Oxidative stress produces damage linked with increased risk of preterm birth
A group of scientists led by Ramkumar Menon at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has gained new insights into what factors lead to preterm birth.

MDI Biological Laboratory study finds immune system is critical to regeneration
The answer to the question of why some organisms can regenerate major body parts while others, such as humans, cannot may lie with the body's innate immune system, according to a new study of heart regeneration in the Mexican salamander by James Godwin, Ph.D., of the MDI Biological Laboratory.

Mathematics predicts a sixth mass extinction
Daniel Rothman, professor of geophysics in the MIT Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences and co-director of MIT's Lorenz Center, has analyzed significant changes in the carbon cycle over the last 540 million years, including the five mass extinction events.

Seniors with Type 2 diabetes may have increased risk for fracture
Though seniors with type 2 diabetes (T2D) tend to have normal or higher bone density than their peers, researchers have found that they are more likely to succumb to fractures than seniors without T2D.

Scientists restore tumor-fighting structure to mutated breast cancer proteins
Scientists have revealed the architecture of the breast cancer susceptibility protein (BRCA1) for the first time.

Researchers take tips from 'Twister' to chase elusive storm data
An inexpensive biomaterial that can be used to sustainably replace plastic barrier coatings in packaging and many other applications has been developed by Penn State researchers, who predict its adoption would greatly reduce pollution.

Guess who? Facial expressions can cause confusion
Photos of the same person can look substantially different. For example, your passport photo may look quite different from your driving license, or your face in holiday photos.

Efforts to save sea turtles are a 'global conservation success story'
new study of the world's seven sea turtle species provides evidence that their numbers are growing overall (unlike many endangered vertebrates), thanks to years of conservation efforts that have played a key role in sea turtle recovery -- even for small sea turtle populations.

WSU researchers see popular herbicide affecting health across generations
Washington State University researchers have found that a rat exposed to a popular herbicide while in the womb showed few apparent health effects, but the grand-offspring of that rat did have more disease, as did a great-grand offspring third generation.

Solving the Easter Island population puzzle
The nearly nine hundred giant stone statues discovered by the first Europeans to land on Easter Island seemed at odds with the small population found living there.

Penn researchers identify new target, develop new drug for cancer therapies
Opening up a new pathway to fight cancer, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have found a way to target an enzyme that is crucial to tumor growth while also blocking the mechanism that has made past attempts to target that enzyme resistant to treatment.

State-of-the-art synthesis of SAPO-34 zeolites catalysts for methanol-to-olefin conversion
Methanol-to-olefin (MTO) conversion has proven to be one of the most successful non-petrochemical routes for producing light olefins. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to