Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 29, 2017
Antarctica: Return of the Weddell polynya supports Kiel climate model
After 40 years, a large ice-free area appears again in the Southern Ocean in mid-winter.

A stinging report: FSU reserach shows climate change a major threat to bumble bees
New research from a team of Florida State University scientists and their collaborators is helping to explain the link between a changing global climate and a dramatic decline in bumble bee populations worldwide.

New study changes our view on flying insects
For the first time, researchers are able to prove that there is an optimal speed for certain insects when they fly.

Why do we fall asleep when bored?
University of Tsukuba researcher discovers why we have the tendency to fall asleep in the absence of motivating stimuli, i.e., when bored.

A new approach to cancer drug discovery
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed and demonstrated a promising new strategy for the discovery of novel anti-cancer therapies.

Frequent sauna bathing keeps blood pressure in check
Frequent sauna bathing reduces the risk of elevated blood pressure, according to an extensive follow-up population-based study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

New complex reacting with nitrile: A key to enable down-regulation of cancer enzymes
Korean researchers succeeded to synthesize biomimetic material reacting with nitrile.

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities exposed with new DNA sequencing approach
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal systems play crucial roles in their environment, affecting the plants that can grow there and the nutrients in the soils.

NASA infrared imagery shows wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Maria
Tropical Storm Maria is now caught up in the Westerlies and is being affected by wind shear that is elongating the storm.

Open-access collider data confirm subatomic particle patterns
In a paper published today in Physical Review Letters, Jesse Thaler, an associate professor of physics at MIT, and his colleagues used the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) data to reveal, for the first time, a universal feature within jets of subatomic particles, which are produced when high-energy protons collide.

New med-tech zinc sensor developed
A new zinc sensor has been developed by researchers, which will allow for a deeper understanding of the dynamic roles that metal ions play in regulating health and disease in the living body.

Algae with light switch
The adhesion of Chlamydomonas, a unicellular alga, to surfaces is light-dependent.

Nation's public cord blood banks provide benefits, despite drop in use, study finds
More than a decade ago the federal government helped support the creation of public umbilical cord banks to collect and store a genetically diverse set of stem cells for clinical care and research.

U-M researchers develop technique that could detect explosives, dangerous gases rapidly and remotely
University of Michigan researchers have developed a laser-based method that could be used to detect chemicals such as explosives and dangerous gases quickly and accurately.

Getting to the heart of mapping arrhythmia-related excitations
Atrial fibrillation is the most prevalent form of cardiac arrhythmia, affecting up to 6 million people in the US alone.

NASA satellite highlights burn scars in British Columbia
This past summer Canada has been plagued with huge forest fires that have spanned most of the provinces.

Gravitational waves: First joint LIGO-Virgo detection
Scientists in the LIGO and Virgo collaborations, including teams from the CNRS, have achieved the first ever three-detector observation of the gravitational waves emitted by the merger of two black holes.

Small collisions make big impact on Mercury's thin atmosphere
Mercury, our smallest planetary neighbor, has very little to call an atmosphere, but it does have a strange weather pattern: morning micro-meteor showers.

Raccoons solve an ancient puzzle, but do they really understand it?
Scientists have been using an ancient Greek fable written by Aesop as inspiration to test whether birds and small children understand cause and effect relationships.

UV-irradiated amorphous ice behaves like liquid at low temperatures
Ice analogs mimicking interstellar ice behave like liquids at temperatures between -210°C and -120°C according to Hokkaido University researchers.

New mouse model replicates an underlying cause of intellectual disability
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have developed the first mice that lack the Upf3b gene, providing a new model for studying its underlying role in intellectual disabilities and neurodevelopmental disorders.

Confronted with bacteria, infected cells die so others can live, Penn study finds
In a new study, a team of researchers led by Igor E.

New proton 'starter' for optogenetics
Researchers described a new optogenetic tool -- a protein called NsXeR, which belongs to the class of xenorhodopsins.

Who's judging you based on brand choices?
A new study shows that people with a flexible mindset do not tend to judge others based on the brands they use, while people with a fixed mindset use brands to judge another person's character.

Extra sulphur improves electronic structure of quantum dots
Quantum dots are nanometre-sized semiconductor particles with potential applications in solar cells and electronics.

TSRI researchers explore ways that a drug like Avandia can be made safer
With the heightened concerns over the dangerous side effects of the once-popular antidiabetic drug Avandia, researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) in Jupiter, Florida, are working to understand how small molecules, like those in Avandia, can have such varied effects throughout the body.

China builds world's first space-ground integrated quantum communication network
The first unbreakable intercontinental message was sent through a space-based quantum communication network to President BAI Chunli of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in Beijing from President Anton Zeilinger of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna on Sept.

Bioreactors on a chip renew promises for algal biofuels
Researchers from BTI and Texas A&M University report in Plant Direct exciting new technology that may revolutionize the search for the perfect algal strain: algal droplet bioreactors on a chip the size of a quarter.

Nutrition is key to increasing productivity in intensive breeding
Carbohydrates, which have been progressively employed in intensive breeding, induces the fermentation that leads to the development of acidosis, the second most important health problem in feedlot cattle according to nutritionists.

CU Anschutz: Law enforcement and gun retailers are resources for safe gun storage
Law enforcement agencies and gun retailers can be resources to concerned families for storing guns to prevent suicide, according to a new study from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

NASA sees a weaker Hurricane Lee headed to the UK
NASA and NOAA satellite imagery show Hurricane Lee has been on a weakening trend as wind shear is battering the storm.

Examining the management of diabetes in special populations
A special issue of Current Diabetes Review examining the management of diabetes in special populations: awareness of the needs of ethnic minorities, elderly patients, bariatric surgery patients, those with mental illness, and those being discharged from the hospital.

How the lungs of premature babies can undergo damage
Premature babies that need ventilation to support their breathing often suffer from a condition known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Gamers have an advantage in learning
Neuropsychologists of the Ruhr-Universität Bochum let video gamers compete against non-gamers in a learning competition.

Risk of transmission of livestock-associated MRSA to non-farm dwellers is negligible
At a swine farm with pigs carrying methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, levels of MRSA among 95 percent of visitors became virtually undetectable only two hours after exposure.

GW-led consortium and FDA release new specifications to advance genomic data analysis
GW and the FDA have published a BioCompute Object Specification Document for research and clinical trial use, which details a new framework for communication of High-throughput Sequencing computations and data analysis, known as BioCompute Objects.

New regulator of liver metabolism discovered
Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have identified an enzyme that has a major effect on glucose utilization in liver cells.

Scientists have found a way to create drug molecules from carbon monoxide
Scientists from RUDN University in collaboration with Russian and foreign colleagues have studied reductive amination reactions.

Genes that separate humans from fruit flies found
Genes which determine animal complexity -- or what makes humans so much more complex than a fruit fly or a sea urchin - have been identified for the first time.

Helium found in coal seams could aid safe shale gas extraction
Natural deposits of helium gas found in UK coal seams could help scientists monitor the secure recovery of coal or shale gas from underground sites, according to research.

Researchers identify protein that could reduce death, improve symptoms in flu and other infections
A new study by researchers has identified an innovative strategy for treating influenza, and perhaps other infectious diseases as well.

Black children less likely to see doctor for eczema despite being more severely affected
A new study shows white children in America are more likely to see a doctor for treatment of eczema than black children, despite the fact that the disease is likely more severe among minorities.

Study ranks safety, effectiveness of cognitive enhancers for Alzheimer's
A new study ranking the safety and effectiveness of four drugs taken to enhance concentration, memory, alertness and moods, found that donepezil was most likely to effectively improve cognition in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

New functions of hippocampus unveiled
A research team led by Lam Woo Professor of Biomedical Engineering Ed X.

Physical abuse and punishment impact children's academic performance
A Penn State researcher and her collaborator found that physical abuse was associated with decreases in children's cognitive performance, while non-abusive forms of physical punishment were independently associated with reduced school engagement and increased peer isolation.

Ultracold atoms point toward an intriguing magnetic behavior
Researchers at Princeton University and collaborators studied the quantum behavior of ultracold atoms and discovered an intriguing magnetic behavior that could help explain how high-temperature superconductivity works.

Climate's effects on flowers critical for bumble bees
In a study that shows the importance of climate change on critical pollinators, North Carolina State University researchers found that earlier and longer flowering seasons can have poor effects on the bumble bees that rely on these flowers to live and thrive.

Study shows MRIs are safe for patients with wide variety of pacemakers, defibrillators
Magnetic resonance imaging appears to be safe for patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices, even for chest imaging, according to a new study.

Special focus issue: 'Bioanalysis of biopharmaceuticals'
With an increased focus on recent advances in the analysis and development of biopharmaceuticals, Bioanalysis will be featuring a themed issue dedicated to 'Bioanalysis of Biopharmaceuticals'

Scandinavia's earliest farmers exchanged terminology with Indo-Europeans
5,000 years ago, the Yamnaya culture migrated into Europe from the Caspian steppe.

New study identifies protein that could improve symptoms and reduce mortality in flu
Flu season is on its way, and a new report in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology has identified an innovative strategy for battling this deadly illness.

Elderly who have trouble identifying odors face risk of dementia
A long-term study of nearly 3,000 older adults found that those who could not identify at least four out of five common odors were more than twice as likely as those with a normal sense of smell to develop dementia within five years.

Magnetic electrodes increase solar cell efficiency
An international research group led by the Ikerbasque researcher Luis Hueso (leader of CIC nanoGUNE's Nanodevices Group), and which has had the participation of the China Academy of Sciences, the Max Planck Institute (Germany) and nanoGUNE itself, has developed a photovoltaic cell in which magnetic materials such as electrodes are used for the first time to provide current.
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