Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 11, 2017
Playing a conversation game may encourage advance care planning
Few people may want to spend a Saturday night planning their end-of-life care, but playing a game designed to spur conversation about advance care planning may be a more enjoyable way to ease into the process, according to researchers.

World's 'better' countries have higher rates of cancer
The world's 'better' countries, with greater access to healthcare, experience much higher rates of cancer incidence than the world's 'worse off' countries, according to new research from the University of Adelaide.

Training managers can improve workers' mental health
Basic mental health training for managers can reap significant benefits for workers' mental wellbeing, a world-first study published today in the prestigious Lancet Psychiatry suggests.

How serious is postmenopausal bleeding?
If you're postmenopausal, you shouldn't be bleeding. The very definition of menopause is having gone more than 12 months without a period.

Autism prevalence and socioeconomic status: What's the connection?
Children living in neighborhoods where incomes are low and fewer adults have bachelor's degrees are less likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder compared to kids from more affluent neighborhoods.

Misperception from WHI prevent women from benefitting from hormone therapy
More than a decade after the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) clinical trials, lingering misperceptions regarding hormone therapy (HT) still prevent many women from getting relief from their menopause symptoms.

Experts express concerns over infant mental health assessment
Forty world experts on child development and mental health have released a joint statement calling for caution when applying an influential classification for assessing infant mental health and potential cases of abuse.

Storage is renewable energy's greatest challenge -- this low-cost sulfur battery may help
Motivated by the challenge to drastically reduce the cost of storing renewable energy on the grid while capturing more of it, a group of MIT scientists has developed a battery powered by sulfur, air, water, and salt -- all readily available materials -- that is nearly 100 times less expensive to produce than batteries currently on the market and can store twice as much energy as a lead-acid battery.

New conservation method empowers indigenous peoples
In a new study, environmental social scientists worked with indiginous people in the rural Peruvian Amazon and determined that local people meet their basic needs through diverse subsistence activities, such as hunting, fishing, and farming, and over centuries they have developed sophisticated natural resource management systems that protect the robust rainforest ecosystem.

Grassland sparrows constantly searching for a nicer home
Some birds regularly move to new territories between years, depending on factors including habitat quality and the presence of predators, but what about within a single breeding season?

Kune Kune piglets possess social learning skills and have an astonishingly good memory
Pigs are socially competent and capable of learning. But the combination of these skills, learning by observing others, has been insufficiently studied so far.

Pregnancy-related heart failure strikes black women twice as often as those of other races
African American women were found to be twice as likely to be diagnosed with peripartum cardiomyopathy as compared to women of Caucasian, Hispanic/Latina, Asian, and other ethnic backgrounds, according to a new study -- the largest of its kind -- published today in JAMA Cardiology by researchers from the Perelman school of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Analysis: Metal supplies unlikely to seriously hamper battery use
MIT researchers have found that supplies of raw materials are unlikely to limit increased production of lithium-ion batteries, although they could pose temporary bottlenecks.

New type of stem cell line produced offers expanded potential for research and treatments
Researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators have created expanded potential stem cells (EPSCs) in mice, for the first time, that have a greater potential for development than current stem cell lines.

TSRI chemists use modified DNA nucleotides to create new materials
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have demonstrate that they can repurpose DNA to create new substances with possible medical applications.

Safety, not food, entices geese to cities
Canada Geese have shifted their winter range northward in recent years by taking advantage of conditions in urban areas -- but what specific features of cities make this possible?

Rice U. lab surprised by ultraflat magnets
Adding rhenium to a two-dimensional alloy induced a structural phase transition in its crystalline order and, surprisingly, a magnetic signature.

Ben-Gurion U. announces new School of Public Health and U. Michigan partnership
The new BGU School of Public Health aims to promote and enhance the quality of life in the Negev, Israel and around the world, and will focus on excellence in public health education, research and service.

Promising new target for treatment of psoriasis is safe, study shows
A protein known to play a significant role in the development of psoriasis can be prevented from functioning without posing a risk to patients, scientists at King's College London have found.

Once a lesbian always a lesbian, right? Or not?
Are people's sexual attractions likely to change as they age?

Tai chi holds promise as cardiac rehab exercise
The slow and gentle movements of Tai Chi -- which can increase in pace -- hold promise as an alternative exercise option for patients who decline traditional cardiac rehabilitation.

Cities taking narrow approach to start adapting to climate change see benefits
A new study led by a University of Kansas urban planning researcher sheds light on tradeoffs between taking a narrow approach focused on connections between climate change adaptation and reducing risks from hazards like Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria, and taking a broader approach connecting adaptation to a wide array of city functions.

WSU researchers document one of planet's largest volcanic eruptions
Washington State University researchers have determined that the Pacific Northwest was home to one of the Earth's largest known volcanic eruptions, a millennia-long spewing of sulfuric gas that blocked out the sun and cooled the planet.

Scientists develop tool which can predict coastal erosion and recovery in extreme storms
Coastal scientists at the University of Plymouth and University of New South Wales have developed a computerised model which goes some way to answering their subject's 'holy grail' -- how to use existing data to confidently forecast annual coastal erosion and accretion.

Scientists develop machine-learning method to predict the behavior of molecules
A team of scientists has come up with a machine-learning method that predicts molecular behavior, a breakthrough that can aid in the development of pharmaceuticals and the design of new molecules that can be used to enhance the performance of emerging battery technologies, solar cells, and digital displays.

Researchers identify gene to help hybrid wheat breeding
Australian researchers at the University of Adelaide have identified a naturally occurring wheat gene that, when turned off, eliminates self-pollination but still allows cross-pollination -- opening the way for breeding high-yielding hybrid wheats.

New study examines full range of post-stroke visual impairments
A new University of Liverpool study, published today in Wiley Brain and Behaviour, examines the wide range of visual impairments developed by stroke survivors.

New survey reveals concerns about impact of migraine on work productivity
A significant percentage of migraine sufferers as well as those without the disease are concerned that migraine affects work productivity, quality of life, family/relationships and employment, according to a new national public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America.

Hispanic children and exposure to adverse experiences
A new study of national survey information gathered on more than 12,000 Hispanic children from immigrant and U.S.-native families found that although they experience more poverty, those from immigrant families reported fewer exposures to such adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) as parental divorce and scenes of violence.

The secret to improving liquid crystal's mechanical performance
In a paper published in EPJ E, Patrick Oswald from the École Normale Supérieure of Lyon, France, and Lubor Lejček from the Czech Academy of Sciences have theoretically calculated the static and dynamical properties of the Cottrell clouds, which form around edge dislocations in liquid crystals of the smectic A variety.

Discovery of peripheral neuropathy cause suggests potential preventive measures
In discovering how certain chemotherapy drugs cause the nerve damage known as peripheral neuropathy, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have found a potential approach to preventing this common and troublesome side effect of cancer treatment.

Getting a good night's sleep and feeling better could be all in your head
For the thousands of peri- and postmenopausal women who struggle to sleep and battle depression, help can't come soon enough.

A portable bedside brain scanner for babies
Scientists have devised a portable, noninvasive and direct approach to image infant brain activity in a clinical setting without relying on massive scanning machines, and they used the method to monitor seizures with higher resolution than what other technologies can currently achieve.

Quantum manipulation power for quantum information processing gets a boost
In a study published in EPJ D, Kai-Wei Sun and colleagues from Beihang University, Beijing, China, present methods for controlling the output power and efficiency of a quantum thermal engine based on a two-atom cavity, where the atoms interact with the light confined within the cavity.

Engineers identify key to albatross' marathon flight
Engineers at MIT have developed a new model to simulate dynamic soaring, and have used it to identify the optimal flight pattern that an albatross should take in order to harvest the most wind and energy.

What do Americans fear most? Chapman University releases 4th annual Survey of American Fears
Chapman University recently completed its fourth annual Chapman University Survey of American Fears (2017).

Bycatch responsible for decline of New Zealand sea lion
Getting caught in fishing nets is a major cause of death for the increasingly endangered New Zealand sea lion, according to new research from the New Zealand's University of Otago and Massey University and the University of Toronto.

Scientists discover one of the most luminous 'new stars' ever
University of Leicester contributes to best-ever results on a 'new star' in a nearby galaxy

Omega-6 fats may help prevent type 2 diabetes
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes could be significantly reduced by eating a diet rich in omega-6 polyunsaturated fats, a new study suggests.

Major cities concentrate less scientific production
The world's major cities, such as New York, London, and Tokyo, are losing their predominant position in the production and circulation of scientific articles, according to a study carried out by the Laboratoire interdisciplinaire solidarités, sociétés, territoires (CNRS/University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès/EHESS/ENSFEA), the INCREASE Federation at the CNRS, and the Centre Marc Bloch in Berlin (CNRS/MEAE).

Ceramic pump moves molten metal at a record 1,400 degrees Celsius
A ceramic-based mechanical pump able to operate at record temperatures of more than 1,400 degrees Celsius (1,673 Kelvin) can transfer high temperature liquids such as molten tin, enabling a new generation of energy conversion and storage systems.

Transdermal estradiol shows promise in treating and preventing perimenopausal depression
Did you know you're two-to-four-times more likely to suffer from depression during the menopause transition?

'Air-breathing' battery could cut costs of renewable energy storage
MIT researchers have developed an 'air-breathing' battery that could store electricity for very long durations for about one-fifth the cost of current technologies, with minimal location restraints and zero emissions.

Research letter examines evolving standards of beauty
A new research letter published by JAMA Dermatology analyzes People magazine's World's Most Beautiful list to compare standards of beauty in 1990 with the present day.

Aging slows perception of falls
Seniors need twice as long as young adults to realize they are falling, a delay that puts them at increased risk for serious injury, according to a new study from the University of Waterloo.

Unraveling the genetics of disc disease in dogs
Since the early 1900s, veterinarians have observed intervertebral disc disease -- a common cause of back pain, rear limb paralysis and inability to walk -- more frequently in dogs with short legs (dachshund, French bulldog, and Pekingese to name a few.) But they couldn't pinpoint why -- until now.

Fever in early pregnancy linked to birth defects, animal study shows
UC Berkeley researchers have helped find evidence indicating that the fever itself, not its cause, is what interferes with the development of the heart and jaw during the first three to eight weeks of pregnancy.

Study: Risk factors on rise among people with stroke
Despite prevention efforts, researchers have found a significant increase over a 10-year period in the percentage of people with stroke who have high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and other risk factors for stroke.

'Resilience' to adversity determines if a child survives or thrives when bullied
Why is it that some children are devastated by bullying while others are not?

Can you hear me now? Ensuring good cellular connections in the brain
Salk scientists reveal how brain cells called astrocytes help neurons form successful connections, offering potential therapeutic target for autism, ADHD, schizophrenia.

Boost in collateral, not 'feeling richer,' drives consumers to borrow as home prices rise
Boost in collateral rather than feeling richer drives borrowing as home prices rise, Princeton University economist finds.

Scientists describe 'enigmatic' species that lived in Utah some 500 million years ago
The only fossilized specimen of a species previously unknown to science -- an 'obscure' stalked filter feeder -- has just been detailed for the first time in a paper appearing in the Journal of Paleontology.

Study exposes the dark side of coffee cultivation in Uganda
New research led by Kelly Austin, associate professor of sociology at Lehigh, explores unequal exchange in the coffee industry.

Lack of CLOCK protein appears key in severe epilepsy forms
A new study reports that some children with epilepsy lack a protein called CLOCK, which appears to disrupt the inhibition of excitatory neurons in the brain region where their seizures originate.

Mice delivered by C-section gain more weight than those delivered naturally
Mice born by cesarian section experienced dramatically greater weight gain as they matured than mice born vaginally.

Star tortoise makes meteoric comeback
The Burmese star tortoise (Geochelone platynota), a medium-sized tortoise found only in Myanmar's central dry zone, has been brought back from the brink of extinction thanks to an aggressive captive-breeding effort spearheaded by a team of conservationists and government partners.

Study shows removing invasive plants can increase biodiversity in stream waters
Restoration projects to remove invasive plants can make a positive impact on native plant species.

Mitochondrial DNA could predict risk for sudden cardiac death, heart disease
Johns Hopkins researchers report that the level, or 'copy number,' of mitochondrial DNA -- genetic information stored not in a cell's nucleus but in the body's energy-creating mitochondria -- is a novel and distinct biomarker that is able to predict the risk of heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths a decade or more before they happen.

Our brain omits grammatical elements when it has limited resources
A study of the use of pronouns by French speakers with agrammatic aphasia shows that grammatical pronouns are significantly more impaired in speech than lexical ones.

Organic/inorganic sulfur may be key for safe rechargeable lithium batteries
We have come a long way from leaky sulfur-acid automobile batteries, but modern lithium batteries still have some down sides.

On the road to fire-free, lithium-ion batteries made with asphalt
Lithium-ion batteries can be found in everything from cell phones to hoverboards, but these power sources have recently made headlines for the fires they have inadvertently caused.

New report recommends changes to county crop and cash rent estimation methods used by the NASS
Producing more precise county-level estimates of crops and farmland cash rents will require integrating multiple data sources using model-based predictions that are more transparent and reproducible, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

A specific protein regulates the burning of body fat to generate heat
Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC) have identified a protein that holds promise as a target for therapies to reduce obesity.

Obamacare helps reverse the decline in US trust
Since the passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, known as Obamacare, an estimated 20 million previously uninsured US citizens have gained access to health insurance.

Remote sensing for cosmic dust and other celestial bodies
In a paper recently published in EPJ Plus, Stefano Bagnulo from Armagh Observatory and Planetarium, UK, and colleagues review the state-of-the-art in polarimetry studies of the small bodies in our solar system.

Study casts doubt on warming implications of brown carbon aerosol from wildfires
As devastating wildfires rage in California wine country, a team of environmental engineers at Washington University in St.

JCU scientists find scorpions target their venom
In the first study of its kind, James Cook University scientists have shown scorpions can fine-tune their venom to suit different predators and prey.

Women can breathe sigh of relief when using vaginal estrogen to treat menopause symptoms
News flashes aren't the only bothersome symptom of the menopause transition.

Key odorants in world's most expensive beef could help explain its allure
Renowned for its soft texture and characteristic flavor, Wagyu beef -- often referred to as Kobe beef in the US -- has become one of the world's most sought-after meats.

Resolving tension on the surface of polymer mixes
In a new EPJ E paper, physicists study how mixing chemically identical chains into a melt produces unique effects on their surface due to how short and long polymer chains interact with each other.

Serrated polyps plus conventional adenomas may mean higher risk for colorectal cancer
Examining more than 5,000 reports from the New Hampshire Colonoscopy Registry, A Dartmouth research team finds that individuals with both conventional adenomas as well as a subset of lesions known as serrated polyps may be at higher risk for developing colorectal cancer or high-risk adenomas that can lead to colorectal cancer, than those who have serrated polyps or high-risk adenomas alone.

Phone calls work better to remind people about colon cancer screening
Live phone calls significantly outperform text messages and letters as a way to remind patients to complete and return at-home screening tests for colon cancer, according to new research in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Women seen as younger when eyes, lips and eyebrows stand out
Researchers in France and America find that aspects of facial contrast, a measure of how much facial features stand out in the face, decrease with age in women across a variety of ethnic groups.

Criminal offenders with genetic mental disorders judged more negatively
Popular literature and crime dramas imply that defense attorneys who portray their clients as victims may have better outcomes.

Researchers create map of the gut's microbial landscape
A collaborative effort by a team of researchers from three institutions including the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, the Forsyth Institute in Cambridge and Washington University in St.

'Ridiculously healthy' elderly have the same gut microbiome as healthy 30 year-olds
In one of the largest microbiota studies conducted in humans, researchers at Western University, Lawson Health Research Institute and Tianyi Health Science Institute in Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China have shown a potential link between healthy aging and a healthy gut.

Future smartwatches could sense hand movement using ultrasound imaging
New research has shown future wearable devices, such as smartwatches, could use ultrasound imaging to sense hand gestures.

A fashionable chemical and biological threat detector-on-a-ring
Wearable sensors are revolutionizing the tech-world, capable of tracking processes in the body, such as heart rates.

Allergy drug improves function in patients with chronic injury from multiple sclerosis
In a remarkably rapid translation of laboratory research findings into a treatment with the potential to benefit patients, UC San Francisco scientists have successfully completed a Phase II clinical trial showing that an FDA-approved antihistamine restores nervous system function in patients with chronic multiple sclerosis.

We should start planning for large lithium-ion battery demand, say materials scientists
The key materials that make up lithium-ion batteries, including manganese, nickel, and graphite, likely have sufficient supply to meet the anticipated growth in demand for electric vehicles and portable electronics, say researchers in a perspective published in the journal Joule.

A defense mechanism to kill intestinal worms
Researchers have discovered a mechanism that kills intestinal worms, which affect nearly a third of the world's population as well as livestock.

Two beaked whale species take very long, deep dives for their size
Two relatively small beaked whale species took exceptionally long, deep dives while foraging in the Bahamas, confounding expectations that larger whales dive should be able to dive for longer than smaller whales, according to a study published Oct.

Some plants grow bigger -- and meaner -- when clipped, study finds
Some plants behave like the mythical monster Hydra: Cut off their heads and they grow back, bigger and better than before.

Beyond EPA's Clean Power decision: Climate action window could close as early as 2023
As the Trump administration repeals the US Clean Power Plan, a new study from the University of Michigan underscores the urgency of reducing greenhouse gas emissions -- from both environmental and economic perspectives.

Painful sex and bladder problems take toll on women's libido during menopause
As women age, sexual activity typically declines. But that doesn't necessarily mean they are no longer interested in sex.

Ketone nutritional supplements: Good or bad for athletic performance?
In the quest to improve physical performance, many athletes are turning to untested nutritional supplements.

Research identifies brain chemical abnormalities in earliest stage of psychosis
A new study of young people experiencing a first episode of psychosis reports elevations in the brain chemicals glutamate and glycine.

'I don't take my tuba to work at Microsoft': Study shows untapped creativity in workforce
A study called ''I Don't Take My Tuba to Work at Microsoft': Arts Graduates and the Portability of Creative Identity

Hormone therapy may benefit migraine sufferers without increased risk of heart disease
Migraine headaches are common among women, but due to various health risks can be challenging to treat in the elderly.

Scientists eavesdrop on little-known beaked whales to learn how deeply they dive
Scientists have reported the first dive depths for Gervais' and True's beaked whales, two of the least known beaked whale species known as mesoplodonts.

New report says concerns remain over safety of rail to transport energy liquids and gases
With the sharp and largely unexpected increase in the long-distance movement of domestically produced crude oil, ethanol, and natural gas since 2005, a number of concerns have arisen about the safe transport of these hazardous materials, particularly in relation to railroad track defects, rural communities' emergency response preparedness, and the older tank car designs that will continue to be used in multi-car unit trains, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Wither heavy storms
A rainstorm generator developed by UCSB hydrologists assesses watershed rainfall under climate change simulations.

Tracking the viral parasites of giant viruses over time
In freshwater lakes, microbes regulate the flow of carbon and determine if the bodies of water serve as carbon sinks or carbon sources.

Injecting electrons jolts 2-D structure into new atomic pattern
The same electrostatic charge that can make hair stand on end and attach balloons to clothing could be an efficient way to drive atomically thin electronic memory devices of the future, according to a new Berkeley Lab study.

New study mapping pandemic potential could help prevent future disease outbreaks
A new scientific study provides the first evidence-based assessment of pandemic potential in Africa prior to outbreaks and identifies ways to prevent them.

Tropical Storm Ophelia appears as a comma in NASA imagery
Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite showed powerful thunderstorms around the center of Tropical Storm Ophelia with a band of thunderstorms stretching to the southwest, giving the storm the appearance of a comma.

Researchers mimic two natural energy processes with a single catalyst
Kyushu University-based researchers take inspiration from natural chemical processes based on hydrogenase and photosystem II, to produce a single metal catalyst with both fuel cell and solar cell functionalities.

Gel to fight rheumatoid arthritis
IBS scientists developed a potentially therapeutic gel, which detects nitric oxide, absorbs excess fluids and delivers drugs.

Esophageal cancer 'cell of origin' identified
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have identified cells in the upper digestive tract that can give rise to Barrett's esophagus, a precursor to esophageal cancer.

Researchers implement entanglement swapping with independent sources over 100km optical fiber
A group of scientists led by Prof. ZHANG Qiang and PAN Jianwei from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) have successfully demonstrated entanglement swapping with two independent sources 12.5 km apart using 103 km optical fiber.

Risk of tsunamis in Mediterranean Sea has been overstated
A review of geological evidence for tsunamis during the past 4500 years in the Mediterranean Sea has revealed that as many as 90 per cent of these inundation events may have been misinterpreted by scientists and were due to storm activity instead.

Norovirus evades immune system by hiding out in rare gut cells
A new mouse study shows that, even in immunized animals, noroviruses can escape the immune system and still spread by hiding out in an extremely rare type of cell in the gut.

NIH completes atlas of human DNA differences that influence gene expression
Researchers from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) Consortium, funded by the National Institutes of Health, have completed a detailed atlas documenting the stretches of human DNA that influence gene expression - a key way in which a person's genome gives rise to an observable trait, like hair color or disease risk.

Herbivores help protect ecosystems from climate change
Plant-eating critters are the key ingredient to helping ecosystems survive global warming, finds new UBC research that offers some hope for a defence strategy against climate change.

Experimental Ebola vaccines elicit year-long immune response
Results from a large randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in Liberia show that two candidate Ebola vaccines pose no major safety concerns and can elicit immune responses by one month after initial vaccination that last for at least one year.

Government apprenticeship schemes are 'fragile,' according to new research
Apprenticeships remain a relatively fragile mode of vocational education, despite growing political interest internationally, according to new Oxford University research.

Grazing horses on better pastures
Horses in less temperate zones may get some extra grazing.

A safe optical fiber for delivering light and drugs into the body
A flexible, biodegradable optical fiber that can deliver light into the body for medical applications is the latest work of a collaboration between electrical engineers and biomaterials engineers in Penn State's Materials Research Institute.

Traumatic events take toll on the heart
Today it seems about everything has been shown to lead to heart disease.

Gut fungi could play a role in obesity epidemic
A high-fat diet changes fungi in the gut and may play a role in the development of obesity, according to a new study in mSphere, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Frailty associated with increased risk of complications following common, outpatient operations
Frailty was associated with an increased risk of complications among patients who underwent outpatient hernia, breast, thyroid or parathyroid surgery, with the findings suggesting that surgeons should consider frailty rather than age when counseling and selecting patients for elective ambulatory surgery, according to a study published by JAMA Surgery.

Despite effectiveness women remain skeptical of hormones at menopause -- what's the problem?
Women today have more options than ever before for treating their menopause symptoms, although hormone therapy still ranks as the most effective treatment for debilitating symptoms such as hot flashes.

Watching wildfires
A team of researchers from the University of Missouri College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources' School of Natural Resources and United States Forest Service are continuing an effort to research how climate influences wildfire frequency.

Deciphering biological meaning from an atlas of gene expression across 42 tissue types
The human genome encodes instructions for which genes are expressed in what cell type, along with other molecules that control how much and when these genes are expressed.

Confusion about long-term treatment of osteoporosis clarified
Osteoporosis is a common disorder among postmenopausal women which results in an increased risk of fractures.

'Killer' toothaches likely cause misery for captive orca
An international research team has undertaken the first in-depth investigation of the teeth of captive orca (killer whales) and have found them a sorry state, which raises serious concerns for these majestic mammals' overall health and welfare.

Predatory bacteria: The quest for a new class of antibiotics
OIST researchers take one step forward toward understanding and genetically manipulating B. bacteriovorus, a type of bacteria with promising potential use as a living antibiotic.

New software speeds origami structure designs
Researchers at Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new computer-aided approach that streamlines the design process for origami-based structures, making it easier for engineers and scientists to conceptualize new ideas graphically while simultaneously generating the underlying mathematical data needed to build the structure in the real world.

New guidelines published to improve diagnosis and treatment of lupus
A University of Birmingham academic has led the authorship of the UK's first guideline on the care of adults with systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus).

Rapamycin treatment prevents crippling abnormal bone formation after severe limb injuries
Individuals with severe injuries to their extremities often develop abnormal extra-skeletal bone in damaged or healing tissue, known as heterotopic ossification (HO).

Pumas living near human development expend more energy
Pumas living near human development are more active at night, thus expending more energy each day, which could affect their fitness, according to a study published Oct.

Better managing plastic waste in a handful of rivers could stem plastics in the ocean
Massive amounts of plastic bits that are dangerous to aquatic life are washing into the oceans and into even the most pristine waters.

Low-cost battery from waste graphite
Lithium ion batteries are flammable and the price of the raw material is rising.

New genetic clue to peanut allergy
Canadian researchers have pinpointed a new gene associated with peanut allergy, offering further evidence that genes play a role in the development of food allergies and opening the door to future research, improved diagnostics and new treatment options.

Where food is limited, guppy mothers gestate their young longer
When evolving in environments where a lack of predators makes food scarcity the main survival challenge, guppy mothers gestate their young longer so that they are born more ready to compete for their meals.

Calcium lets T cells use sugar to multiply and fight infection
A calcium signal controls whether immune cells can use the nutrients needed to fuel their multiplication into a cellular army designed to fight invading viruses.

Climate change predicted to reduce size, stature of dominant Midwest plant, study finds
Kansas State University researchers are involved in a study that found climate change may reduce the growth and stature of big bluestem -- a dominant prairie grass and a major forage grass for cattle.

In mice, C-section births linked to less developed microbiota and weight gain
Mice born by cesarean section gained more weight and lacked dynamic microbiota development compared to mice born vaginally, a new study reports.

The making of medieval bling
Gold has long been valued for its luxurious glitter and hue, and threads of the gleaming metal have graced clothing and tapestries for centuries.

Pumas found to exhibit behaviors like social animals
Jackson, Wyoming -- Pumas, long known as solitary carnivores, are more social than previously thought, according to a new Panthera study published in the peer-reviewed journal Science Advances.

Advance achieved in dry preservation of mammalian sperm cells
In an important advance in the preservation of animal reproductive material, researchers have achieved the first successful drying and rehydration of domestic cat sperm using a rapid microwave dehydration method. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to