Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 19, 2017
Researchers demonstrate new ways to achieve selectivity for biomarkers in bioelectronics
Two UA materials science and engineering researchers have experimentally verified the electrochemical processes that control charge transfer rate from an organic polymer to a biomarker molecule.

Investigating the most common genetic contributor to Parkinson's disease
LRRK2 gene mutations are the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease (PD), but the normal physiological role of this gene in the brain remains unclear.

Curve-eye-ture: How to grow artificial corneas
Research reveals corneal cells grown on curved surfaces arrange themselves in a regular lattice structure giving the artificial cornea strength and transparency like that normally found in the human eye.

NASA sees Tropical Depression 26W form and quickly unravel
Tropical Depression 26W formed early on Oct. 19 and by late morning the storm was already coming unraveled in NASA satellite imagery.

Indoor tanning dependency common in young women, especially in those with depression
A survey of young, white women who have used indoor tanning at least once in the past year showed that more than one in five of them have signs of being addicted to the high dose of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from tanning beds.

Suicide molecules kill any cancer cell
A super assassin hidden in every cell forces the cell to commit suicide if it becomes cancerous, reports a new study, the first to identify molecules to trigger a fail-safe mechanism that may protect us from cancer.

World first: scientists find where HIV 'hides' to evade detection by the immune system
In a decades-long game of hide and seek, scientists from Sydney's Westmead Institute for Medical Research have confirmed for the very first time the specific immune memory T-cells where infectious HIV 'hides' in the human body to evade detection by the immune system.

Veterans study reports reduction in suicide ideation after HBOT
A case control study of armed forces veterans with mild traumatic brain injury or persistent post-concussion syndrome, with or without PTSD, has found significant improvements in persistent post-concussion syndrome and PTSD symptoms, memory, intelligence quotient, attention, cognition, depression, quality of life, and brain blood flow, as well as a significant reduction in suicidal ideation and anxiety following hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

When new players learn slot-machine tricks, they avoid gambling addiction
Novice gamblers who watched a short video about how slot machines disguise losses as wins have a better chance of avoiding gambling problems, according to new research.

Rheumatoid Arthritis linked to an increased risk of COPD
New research suggests that rheumatoid arthritis may increase the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

WSU researcher links salmon sex to geological change
It turns out that sex can move mountains. A Washington State University researcher has found that the mating habits of salmon can alter the profile of stream beds, affecting the evolution of an entire watershed.

CCNY psychologists develop new model that links emotions and mental health
For decades psychologists have studied how people regulate emotions using a multitude of ways to conceptualize and assess emotion regulation.

IDSA Infectious Diarrhea guidelines recommend when to test, when to treat
New tests provide more detailed information about organisms associated with infectious diarrhea, but may require infectious disease expertise to interpret them.

Gene circuit switches on inside cancer cells, triggers immune attack
Researchers at MIT have developed a synthetic gene circuit that triggers the body's immune system to attack cancers when it detects signs of the disease.

New technology to dramatically speed up home broadband
Slow internet speeds and the Internet 'rush hour' -- the peak time when data speeds drop by up to 30 percent -- could be history with new hardware designed and demonstrated by UCL researchers that provides consistently high-speed broadband connectivity.

New mapping tool tracks elk migration to reduce brucellosis risk
Wildlife managers and ranchers in the greater Yellowstone ecosystem soon will have a new mapping tool for reducing the risk of brucellosis outbreaks in cattle.

Heart attack patients may use inefficient coping methods for stress
Patients with a history of heart attack were more likely to use emotion-focused coping strategies for stress such as eating more or drinking alcohol, while patients without a history of heart attack or heart disease used problem-focused coping strategies, according to research to be presented at the 8th Emirates Cardiac Society Congress in collaboration with the American College of Cardiology Middle East Conference Oct.

People with and without mental health conditions receive preventive care at similar rates
People with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder received preventive health screenings at rates similar to or higher than people without mental illnesses, according to a study of more than 800,000 patients published today in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Changes in insurance coverage among patients with cancer under ACA
A new research letter published by JAMA Oncology examines changes in insurance coverage among patients with cancer under the Affordable Care Act.

Gene editing in the brain gets a major upgrade
Genome editing technologies have revolutionized biomedical science, providing an easy way to modify genes.

The best hedge fund managers are not psychopaths or narcissists, according to new study
When it comes to financial investments, hedge fund managers higher in 'dark triad' personality traits -- psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism -- perform more poorly than their peers, according to new personality psychology research.

Liquid metal discovery ushers in new wave of chemistry and electronics
Researchers use liquid metal to create atom-thick 2-D never before seen in nature.

The blob that ate the tokamak: Physicists gain understanding of bubbles at edge of plasmas
Scientists at PPPL have completed new simulations that could provide insight into how blobs at the plasma edge behave.

Creating a better RNA switch
Northwestern University researchers have developed a new RNA switch that activates genes thousands of times better than nature and has applications in diagnostics and metabolic engineering.

Scientists map monogamy, jealousy in the monkey mind
A recent study at the California National Primate Research Center studied jealousy in pair-bonded titi monkeys.

IU business law scholars: Leidos case shouldn't have reached Supreme Court
One of the most anticipated cases to be argued before the US Supreme Court this term -- Leidos v.

An international consortium identifies the breast cancer patients who would benefit from a treatment
This new knowledge may be key to the early detection of patients who would benefit from zoledronic acid and those who should be spared, and it may accelerate the administration of the first preventive treatment of metastasis.

Self-portrait of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope marks critical test
What appears to be a unique selfie opportunity was actually a critical photo for the cryogenic testing of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope in Chamber A at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston.

Teens' views vary on pediatric genetic testing for adult-onset conditions
Adolescents display a complex and nuanced understanding of the issues around pediatric genetic testing for conditions that do not appear until adulthood, according to findings presented at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2017 Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla.

Mutant gene found to fuel cancer-promoting effects of inflammation
A study by UC San Diego biologists uncovered a new mechanism linking a human gene's function to chronic inflammation.

Logged tropical rainforests still support biodiversity even when the heat is on
Tropical rainforests continue to buffer wildlife from extreme temperatures even after logging, a new study has revealed.

Phenogenetic map created for stem cells models of neurological diseases
In an effort to better understand neurological diseases like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and ALS -- and develop new ways to treat them -- researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have performed the first meta-analysis of all induced pluripotent stem cell models for neurological and neurodegenerative diseases, and created an atlas of how cell characteristics are linked to their genotype.

Forest fires on the rise as JRC study warns of danger to air quality
The JRC's annual forest fires report confirms a trend towards longer and more intense fire seasons in Europe and neighbouring regions, with wildfires now occurring throughout the year.

A solar flare recorded from Spain in 1886
Satellites have detected powerful solar flares in the last two months, but this phenomenon has been recorded for over a century.

New study finds childhood cancer survivors commonly stay at jobs to keep health insurance
The results of a national cancer survey find a significant number of childhood cancer survivors are worried about keeping their health insurance, to the point of letting it affect their career decisions.

Feel fuller, longer with mushrooms
A new study on satiety published in the October issue of the journal Appetite indicates that eating a mushroom-rich breakfast may result in less hunger and a greater feeling of fullness after the mushroom breakfast compared to the meat breakfast.

How a neutron star collision proves Einstein's 100-year-old General Relativity prediction
A hundred years ago, Albert Einstein published his General Relativity theory, predicting the existence of gravitational waves or ripples in space-time, due to violent motion of massive objects in the universe.

Does rhinoplasty change perceptions of attractiveness, success, health?
Participants in a web-based survey who viewed pictures of patients before and after rhinoplasty rated patients after surgery as more attractive, successful and overall healthier, in an article published by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.

One to 10 mutations are needed to drive cancer, scientists find
For the first time, scientists have provided unbiased estimates of the number of mutations needed for cancers to develop, in a study of more than 7,500 tumors across 29 cancer types.

Parents have an even greater impact on the well-being off young people than expected
According to a recent study, parental support for the autonomy of young people promotes the well-being of the latter in all major educational transitions: from primary to lower secondary school, from basic education to upper secondary school, and from upper secondary school to university.

Too many care practitioners guilty of applying traditional values to same-sex adoption
'...too many professionals involved in the adoption and fostering process are clinging on to traditional ideas of what constitutes a family...'

Yoga and aerobic exercise together may improve heart disease risk factors
Heart disease patients who practice yoga in addition to aerobic exercise saw twice the reduction in blood pressure, body mass index and cholesterol levels when compared to patients who practiced either Indian yoga or aerobic exercise alone, according to research to be presented at the 8th Emirates Cardiac Society Congress in collaboration with the American College of Cardiology Middle East Conference Oct.

Water striders illustrate evolutionary processes
How do new species arise and diversify in nature? Natural selection offers an explanation, but the genetic and environmental conditions behind this mechanism are still poorly understood.

Key psychiatric drug target comes into focus
One way or another, many psychiatric drugs work by binding to receptor molecules in the brain that are sensitive to the neurotransmitter dopamine, a chemical signal that is central to how our experiences shape our behavior.

Using optical chaos to control the momentum of light
Controlling and moving light poses serious challenges. One major hurdle is that light travels at different speeds and in different phases in different components of an integrated circuit.

The microbial anatomy of an organ
University of California San Diego researchers have developed the first 3-D spatial visualization tool for mapping 'omics' data onto whole organs.

More teens than ever aren't getting enough sleep
Researchers found that about 40 percent of adolescents in 2015 slept less than 7 hours a night, which is 58 percent more than in 1991 and 17 percent more than in 2009.

Researchers pinpoint causes for spike in breast cancer genetic testing
A sharp rise in the number of women seeking BRCA genetic testing to evaluate their risk of developing breast cancer was driven by multiple factors, including celebrity endorsement, according to researchers at the University of Georgia.

Infidelity can be forgiven -- but at a cost
Most people who have been unfaithful do not believe it when their partner says they forgive them.

Brain training can improve our understanding of speech in noisy places
For many people with hearing challenges, trying to follow a conversation in a crowded restaurant or other noisy venue is a major struggle, even with hearing aids.

Researchers are tracking pandemic potential of H7N9 bird flu in China
As of Oct. 5, a total of 1,562 laboratory-confirmed cases of H7N9 avian flu virus have been reported to the World Health Organization, with more people getting infected each year.

Fossil coral reefs show sea level rose in bursts during last warming
Scientists from Rice University and Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi's Harte Research Institute have discovered that Earth's sea level did not rise steadily when the planet's glaciers last melted during a period of global warming; rather, sea level rose sharply in punctuated bursts.

Itsy bitsy spider: Fear of spiders and snakes is deeply embedded in us
Snakes and spiders evoke fear and disgust in many people, even in developed countries where hardly anybody comes into contact with them.

Gut bacteria from wild mice boost health in lab mice
Laboratory mice that are given the gut bacteria of wild mice can survive a deadly flu virus infection and fight colorectal cancer dramatically better than laboratory mice with their own gut bacteria, researchers report Oct.

Leading medical organizations issue recommendations regarding hepatitis C in pregnancy
National medical organizations jointly issue new recommendations regarding Hepatitis C in pregnancy.

Researchers find shifting relationship between flexibility, modularity in the brain
A Rice University study has found negative correlation between flexibility and modularity in the brain.

NRL clarifies valley polarization for electronic and optoelectronic technologies
Many of today's technologies, such as, solid-state lighting, transistors in computer chips, and batteries in cell phones rely simply on the charge of the electron and how it moves through the material.

Brain takes seconds to switch modes during tasks
The brain rapidly switches between operational modes in response to tasks and what is replayed can predict how well a task will be completed, according to a new UCL study in rats.

Researchers 'drug the undruggable' through unique collaboration
A new study published in Nature, conducted by an alliance between industry and academia involving the University of Liverpool, highlights a new approach to targeting key cancer-linked proteins, thought to be 'undruggable'.

A surprise new butterflyfish is described from the Philippine 'twilight zone' and exhibit
A new species of striped Philippine butterflyfish -- the charismatic Roa rumsfeldi -- made a fantastic, 7,000-mile journey before surprising scientists with its unknown status.

Newly discovered viral marker could help predict flu severity in infected patients
Flu viruses contain defective genetic material that may activate the immune system in infected patients, and new research published in PLOS Pathogens suggests that lower levels of these molecules could increase flu severity.

Insulin signaling molecule in liver controls levels of triglyceride in blood
A new animal study shows how insulin controls the movement and storage of fat molecules in the liver and how a breakdown in this system could lead to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and changes in circulating lipid levels associated with cardiovascular disease.

H7N9 influenza is both lethal and transmissible in animal model for flu
In 2013, an influenza virus began circulating among poultry in China.

WhatsApp use by Argentina ambulances associated with faster heart attack treatment
WhatsApp use by ambulance doctors in Argentina was associated with faster treatment of heart attack and lower mortality in an observational study presented today at the Argentine Congress of Cardiology (SAC 2017).

What the Balkans can teach other states in conflict
What the Balkans can teach other states in conflict Research at the University of Kent into how areas like the Balkans have developed ways to address the challenges of their past -- including ethnic cleansing -- offers a toolkit for others facing similar conflict. the section includes contributions from around the world and focuses on consultation processes and innovative methods to examine the views of victims.

Impact of Amazonian hydropower is 'significantly underestimated', study finds
The environmental impact of hydropower generation in the Amazon may be greater than predicted, according to new University of Stirling research.

How genes and environment interact to raise risk of congenital heart defects
Infants of mothers with diabetes have a three- to five-fold increased risk of congenital heart defects.

Fundamental research enhances understanding of major cancer gene
A collaboration between Babraham Institute scientists and AstraZeneca provides new insights into the role of PTEN, a major cancer gene, in controlling cell growth and behaviour.

The mouth may act as a hub for intestinal disease-causing bacteria
Scientists say the mouth may act as a reservoir for intestinal disease-causing bacteria that exacerbate conditions including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis (UC), and Crohn's disease (CD).

Risk for developing HPV-related throat cancer low
A new study by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers shows that the risk of developing HPV-related throat cancer remains generally low.

Scientists reveal 'superbug's' artillery
Monash University's Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI) researchers have created the first high-resolution structure depicting a crucial part of the 'superbug' Pseudomonas aeruginosa, classified by the WHO as having the highest level threat to human health.

Memory rides the ripples for long-term storage
Dion Khodagholy and colleagues have observed coordination between high-frequency oscillations (or brain waves) called 'ripples' in the rat hippocampus and parts of the brain called the association cortex.

New study shows TBI laws effective at reducing rate of recurrent concussions
A recent study from the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital done in conjunction with researchers from Colorado School of Public Health at the University at Colorado and Temple University used data from a large, national sports injury surveillance system to determine the effect of state-level TBI laws on trends of new and recurrent concussions among US high school athletes.

The birth of a new protein
A yeast protein that evolved from scratch can fold into a compact three-dimensional shape -- contrary to the general understanding of young proteins.

Walking below minimum recommended levels linked to lower mortality risk
A new study finds regular walking, even if not meeting the minimum recommended levels, is associated with lower mortality compared to inactivity.

Ancient DNA offers new view on saber-toothed cats' past
Researchers who've analyzed the complete mitochondrial genomes from ancient samples representing two species of saber-toothed cats have a new take on the animals' history over the last 50,000 years.

Research yields test to predict bitter pit disorder in Honeycrisp apples
A test to determine whether bitter pit -- a disorder that blindsides apple growers by showing up weeks or months after picking -- will develop in stored Honeycrisp apples was developed by a team of Penn State researchers, promising to potentially save millions of dollars annually in wasted fruit.

Integrated lab-on-a-chip uses smartphone to quickly detect multiple pathogens
A multidisciplinary group that includes the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Washington at Tacoma has developed a novel platform to diagnose infectious disease at the point-of-care, using a smartphone as the detection instrument in conjunction with a test kit in the format of a credit card.

Solid or liquid? Researcher proposes a new definition of glass
The glass is a non-equilibrium, non-crystalline state of matter that appears solid on a short time scale but relaxes toward the liquid state, proposes Brazilian scientist.

A country's prevalence of visual impairment, blindness associated w level of socioeconomic develop
In an analysis of data for 190 countries and territories, those with higher levels of socioeconomic development had a lower prevalence of visual impairment and blindness, according to a study published by JAMA Ophthalmology.

Number of newly diagnosed cancer patients without insurance drops in first year of ACA
The number of newly diagnosed cancer patients who were uninsured fell by one-third in the first year of the Affordable Care Act's implementation, according to research from Indiana University.

Expert: Be concerned about how apps collect, share health data
Ostherr among national experts presenting at US Department of Health and Human Services Oct.

Help sought from complementary and alternative medicine to remedy health problems
It found that complementary and alternative medicine is being used in connection with various health problems, particularly in situations where help provided by conventional medicine is considered inadequate.

Terahertz spectroscopy goes nano
Brown University researchers have improved the resolution of terahertz emission spectroscopy -- a technique used to study a wide variety of materials -- by 1,000-fold, making the technique useful at the nanoscale.

Rapid whole-genome sequencing of neonatal ICU patients is useful and cost-effective
Rapid whole-genome sequencing of acutely ill neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients in the first few days of life yields clinically useful diagnoses in many cases, and results in lower aggregate costs than the current standard of care, according to findings presented at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2017 Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla.

Chaos reigns even in simple electronics
It's really surprising: it turns out that among simple electronic circuits, built of just a few components, many of them behave chaotically, in an extremely complicated, practically unpredictable manner.

Cleaning up? Not without helpers
Freiburg scientists explain assembly and transport function of 'old' calcium pumps by 'new' partner proteins.

Last unknown structure of HIV-1 solved, another step in efforts to disarm the AIDS virus
UAB researchers have solved the last unknown protein structure of HIV-1, the retrovirus that can cause AIDS.

Renewable resource: To produce vital lipoic acid, sulfur is used, then replenished
New research shows how a protein is consumed, then reconstituted, during the production of a compound required for converting energy from food into a form that can be used by our cells.

New NASA study improves search for habitable worlds
New NASA research is helping to refine our understanding of candidate planets beyond our solar system that might support life.

Ice stream retreats under a cold climate
Warmer ocean surface triggered the ice retreat during The Younger Dryas.

Early data shows nearly 2x prolonged median survival for inoperable pancreatic cancer
A retrospective review of 42 inoperable, locally-advanced pancreatic cancer patients treated at four institutions found that higher delivered radiation doses enabled via ViewRay's MRIdian adaptive MR-guided radiation therapy showed a near doubling of median overall survival (27.8 months compared to 14.8 months) and resulted in favorably lower toxicities (0 percent compared to 15.8 percent grade 3 or higher toxicity).

Six degrees of separation: Why it is a small world after all
This study examines how small-world networks occur within bigger and more complex structures.

Scientists solve a magnesium mystery in rechargeable battery performance
A Berkeley Lab-led research team has discovered a surprising set of chemical reactions involving magnesium that degrade battery performance even before the battery can be charged up.

Survey results: Genetics specialists' views on genome editing
Genetics professionals around the globe hold varying views on genome editing in humans, agreeing with the general public on some aspects and differing in others, according to survey results presented at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2017 Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla.

Climate shifts shorten marine food chain off California
Environmental disturbances such as El Niño shake up the marine food web off Southern California, new research shows, countering conventional thinking that the hierarchy of who-eats-who in the ocean remains largely constant over time.

Two-dimensional materials gets a new theory for control of properties
Desirable properties including increased electrical conductivity, improved mechanical properties, or magnetism for memory storage or information processing may be possible because of a theoretical method to control grain boundaries in two-dimensional materials, according to Penn State materials scientists.

Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's researchers laud FDA approval of CAR T-cell therapy
Following a successful clinical trial involving Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, the first chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for adult cancers was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today.

Researchers find evidence of DNA damage in veterans with Gulf War illness
Veterans Affairs researchers say they have found the 'first direct biological evidence' of damage in veterans with Gulf War illness to DNA within cellular structures that produce energy in the body.

Study examines the effects of sexual harassment, assault on researchers' careers
Investigators who previously reported on sexual harassment and assault during academic fieldwork have now shed light on the effects of such violations on individuals and their career trajectories.

Sequencing of stevia plant genome revealed for first time by Purecircle Stevia Institute
For the first time, scientists have completed the sequencing of the stevia plant genome.

'Y' a protein unicorn might matter in glaucoma
A protein shaped like a 'Y' makes scientists do a double-take and may change the way they think about a protein sometimes implicated in glaucoma.

Dogs are more expressive when someone is looking
Dogs produce more facial expressions when humans are looking at them, according to new research from the University of Portsmouth.

Strange but true: Turning a material upside down can sometimes make it softer
Through the combined effect of flexoelectricity and piezoelectricity, researchers at the ICN2 led by ICREA Gustau Catalán in collaboration with the UAB have found that polar materials can be made more or less resistant to dents when they are turned upside down... or when a voltage is applied to switch their polarization.

Study shows how nerves drive prostate cancer
In a study in today's issue of Science, researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, part of Montefiore Medicine, report that certain nerves sustain prostate cancer growth by triggering a switch that causes tumor vessels to proliferate.

Ben-Gurion U. introduces israel's first underwater robotic vehicle
'The autonomous HydroCamel II integrates state-of-the-art technologies, including high-level maneuvering in six degrees of freedom and an ability to dive almost vertically,' says Prof.

Discovery lights path for Alzheimer's research
A metallic probe invented at Rice University that lights up when it binds to a misfolded amyloid beta peptide has identified a binding site that could facilitate better drugs to treat Alzheimer's disease.

Study reveals key molecular link in major cell growth pathway
A team of scientists led by Whitehead Institute has uncovered a surprising molecular link that connects how cells regulate growth with how they sense and make available the nutrients required for growth.

NASA sees intensifying typhoon lan stretch high in the troposphere
NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite provided 3-D data that showed intensifying Typhoon Lan had powerful thunderstorms stretching high into the troposphere.

NASA's MAVEN mission finds mars has a twisted tail
Mars has an invisible magnetic 'tail' that is twisted by interaction with the solar wind, according to new research using data from NASA's MAVEN spacecraft.

New gene editing approach for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency shows promise in UMMS study
A study published in the journal Molecular Therapy by Christian Mueller, PhD, shows that using nuclease-free gene editing to correct cells with the mutation that causes alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency leads to repopulation of a diseased liver with healthy cells.

Mathematically modeling HIV drug pharmacodynamics
Complete elimination of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) presents a challenge due to latent viral reservoirs within the body that can help re-establish infection.

Specialized communication narratives help couples deal with miscarriage
Anywhere from 10 to 25 percent of clinically recognized pregnancies end in loss, according to the American Pregnancy Association, making miscarriage a socially significant health issue.

White working-class Americans feel in nation's 'slow lane', new study shows
America's white working-class communities feel they are being kept in the 'slow lane' of social mobility while other groups speed past, according to a year-long study by UK and US researchers into their social and political views.

One in five young non-Hispanic white women who tan indoors are dependent on indoor tanning
More than 20 percent of non-Hispanic white women ages 18 to 30 who reported using an indoor tanning device one or more times in the past 12 months were dependent on indoor tanning.

Lower brain glucose levels found in people with obesity, type 2 diabetes
Glucose levels are reduced in the brains of individuals with obesity and type 2 diabetes compared to lean individuals, according to a new Yale study.

Want to control your dreams? Here's how you can
New research at the University of Adelaide has found that a specific combination of techniques will increase people's chances of having lucid dreams, in which the dreamer is aware they're dreaming while it's still happening and can control the experience.

Tracing cell death pathway points to drug targets for brain damage, kidney injury, asthma
University of Pittsburgh scientists are unlocking the complexities of a recently discovered cell death process that plays a key role in health and disease, and new findings link their discovery to asthma, kidney injury and brain trauma.

Maternal diet may program child for disease risk, but better nutrition later can change that
Research has shown that a mother's diet during pregnancy, particularly one that is high-fat, may program her baby for future risk of certain diseases such as diabetes.

Patients suffering injuries in low & middle-income countries have higher prevalence of HIV
Patients suffering injuries in low and middle-income countries have a higher prevalence of HIV than baseline populations and HIV Infection may be associated with greater risk of post-injury mortality.

Study: Sickle cell anemia treatment does not increase malaria risk in Africa
The drug hydroxyurea does not appear to increase the risk of malaria infection in patients with sickle cell anemia who live in malaria-endemic regions, according to a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology (ASH).

Eye-catching labels stigmatize many healthy foods
Labels such as organic, fair-trade and cage free may be eye-catching but are often free of any scientific basis and stigmatize many healthy foods, a new University of Delaware-led study found.

Mapping migrant communities across Europe to support local integration
The JRC has launched a data challenge to crowdsource policy ideas for integration, inviting researchers to use a new visual dataset mapping migrants in Europe.

Evolution in your back garden -- great tits may be adapting their beaks to birdfeeders
A British enthusiasm for feeding birds may have caused UK great tits to have evolved longer beaks than their European counterparts, according to new research.

Space greens beat the blues
Plants in space are important to grow food, but they may also play a key role in maintaining the psychological well-being of space crews.

Metallic nanoparticles will help to determine the percentage of volatile compounds
Researchers from the Faculties of Chemistry and of Materials Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University have developed a new way of increasing the sensitivity of detecting volatile compounds, especially chlorine, using metallic nanoparticles.

Scientists pinpoint jealousy in the monogamous mind
Scientists find that in male titi monkeys, jealousy is associated with heightened activity in the cingulate cortex, an area of the brain associated with social pain in humans, and the lateral septum, associated with pair bond formation in primates.

Phones keeping students from concentrating during lectures
Daily, people spend over three hours on their phones. While ever-smarter digital devices have made many aspects of our lives more efficient, a growing body of evidence suggests that, by continuously distracting us, they are harming our ability to concentrate.

International patients increasingly seek in vitro fertilization treatment in US
A new study from the Georgia Institute of Technology and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention finds that the use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in the US by non-US residents is growing.

The evolution of fan-propelled water strider insects into new environments
Researchers have discovered two genes underlying the evolution of a water striding insect fan used for locomotion, which they say were essential for survival in fast-flowing stream environments.

What characteristics do school shooters share?
Boys involved in school shootings often struggle to live up to what they perceive as their school's ideals surrounding masculinity.

New tyrannosaur fossil is most complete found in southwestern US
A fossilized skeleton of a tyrannosaur discovered in Utah's Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument was airlifted by helicopter Oct 15, and delivered to the Natural History Museum of Utah where it will be uncovered, prepared, and studied.

Field trips of the future?
Biologist Douglas McCauley examines the benefits and drawbacks of virtual and augmented reality in teaching environmental science.

How solar peaker plants could replace gas peakers
Under a technology 2 market R&D contract with the DOE, CEO Hank Price of Solar Dynamics did the math on operating a tower CSP project in Arizona or California as a solar version of a typical gas peaker plant, by storing all of its solar energy thermally to be delivered in the evening just for 5 or 6-hours as dispatchable CSP (D-CSP).

BU: More permissive concealed-carry laws linked to higher homicide rates
Easier access to concealed firearms is associated with significantly higher rates of handgun-related homicide, according to a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher.

Barrow researchers use novel imaging to predict spinal degeneration
Research by a Barrow Neurological Institute neurosurgery team on novel imaging technique assessment of patients with lumbar spine degeneration was published in the Aug.
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