Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 23, 2017
Two studies explore gender, language, and treatment setting as barriers in screening and patient care in lung cancer
More people die of lung cancer than any other type of cancer, and two new studies from CHEST 2017 reveal disparities in lung cancer screening and care that may impact detection, as well as mortality and survival rates in the disease.

Biosimilar drugs could cut US health spending by $54 billion over next decade
Biosimilar drugs have been touted as one strategy to help curb the runaway costs of biologics that have advanced the treatment of illness such as rheumatoid arthritis and many cancers.

Review study finds limited data on medical cannabis use in children
A systematic review of published studies on the use of medical cannabis in children and adolescents finds a notable lack of studies and a minimal number of the randomized, controlled trials needed to confirm the effectiveness of a treatment.

Scientists track ovarian cancers to site of origin: Fallopian tubes
Some scientists have suspected that the most common form of ovarian cancer may originate in the fallopian tubes, the thin fibrous tunnels that connect the ovaries to the uterus.

Symptom burden may increase hospital length of stay, readmission risk in advanced cancer
Hospitalized patients with advanced cancer who report more intense and numerous physical and psychological symptoms appear to be at risk for longer hospital stays and unplanned hospital readmissions.

Sea-level rise, not stronger storm surge, will cause future NYC flooding
Rising sea levels caused by a warming climate threaten greater future storm damage to New York City, but the paths of stronger future storms may shift offshore, changing the coastal risk for the city, according to a team of climate scientists.

Electricity from shale gas vs. coal: Lifetime toxic releases from coal much higher
Despite widespread concern about potential human health impacts from hydraulic fracturing, the lifetime toxic chemical releases associated with coal-generated electricity are 10 to 100 times greater than those from electricity generated with natural gas obtained via fracking, according to a new University of Michigan study.

FSU study finds Florida needs more pet-friendly shelters
Florida needs more pet-friendly shelters, especially for older adults who represent 50 to 75 percent of deaths following disasters like hurricanes, according to a recent study from Florida State University.

Boost for lipid research: Austrian researchers facilitate lipid data analysis
Illnesses such as cancer and multiple sclerosis may also be associated with lipids.

George Washington University report finds improving job outlook for new nephrologists
The American Society of Nephrology (ASN), the world's largest organization of kidney health professionals, released a new analysis of the future nephrology workforce, authored by George Washington University (GW) researchers.

Resident physicians feel unprepared to counsel patients on medical cannabis
A recent study from Saint Peter's University Hospital in New Brunswick, New Jersey, highlights the need for further education among resident physicians in the use of medical cannabis.

Study finds shortcomings in Canadian regulations governing use of sugar claims
A new study published today in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, reports that prepackaged food and beverages labelled with claims such as 'no added sugar' or 'reduced in sugar' can have lower sugar levels than products without sugar claims but may not have notable reductions in calories and some can contain amounts of sugar considered in 'excess' by the World Health Organization.

Antimicrobial gel developed at IU School of Dentistry could improve root canal results
The results of root canal treatments could improve because of an antimicrobial gel discovered and developed at the Indiana University School of Dentistry.

Open channels of communication may help patients overcome misperceptions of prognosis
Researchers from the Aventura Hospital Medical Center in Aventura, Florida, aimed to assess the quality of continuity of care by analyzing family perceptions, education, and their psychological stress during the process.

Wealth-associated disparities in death, disability in older adults in US, England
Low wealth was associated with death and disability among older adults in both the United States and England, two countries with very different health care and safety-net systems, according to a new article published by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Unique study: more iron in lakes is making them brown
The iron concentration in lakes is increasing in many parts of northern Europe, including Sweden.

Researchers demonstrate 'mind-reading' brain-decoding tech
Researchers have demonstrated how to decode what the human brain is seeing by using artificial intelligence to interpret fMRI scans from people watching videos, representing a sort of mind-reading technology.

Better sleep, less fear
Higher quality sleep patterns are associated with reduced activity in brain regions involved in fear learning, according to a study of young adults published in JNeurosci.

Taming 'wild' electrons in graphene
Graphene -- a one-atom-thick layer of the stuff in pencils -- is a better conductor than copper and is very promising for electronic devices, but with one catch: Electrons that move through it can't be stopped.

Fifty simulations of the 'Really Big One' show how a 9.0 Cascadia earthquake could play out
The largest number yet of detailed simulations for how a Cascadia Subduction Zone earthquake might play out provides a clearer picture of what the region can expect when the fault unleashes a 9.0 earthquake.

Support for populist ideologies linked to feelings of disadvantage and national narcissism
New research shows that people who perceive they are part of a disadvantaged group are more likely to have an unrealistic belief in the greatness of their nation and support populist ideologies.

A little myelin goes a long way to restore nervous system function
A team of researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison reports that in long-lived animals, renewed but thin myelin sheaths are enough to restore the impaired nervous system and can do so for years after the onset of disease.

NUS researchers discover pathway by which blood cells release a potent signalling factor
The pathway by which blood cells release the important signalling lipid, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), has now been discovered by NUS Medicine researchers.

Reduced impact logging still harms biodiversity in tropical rainforests
A new study finds that even low levels of logging in the Amazon rainforest may lead to great losses in biodiversity.

Genetic testing helps determine safest dose of blood thinner for joint surgery patients
A new five-year study of nearly 1,600 patients finds that genetic testing can help determine the safest dose of the blood thinner warfarin, with fewer side effects, in patients undergoing joint replacement surgery.

Advanced cancer patients' physical emotional burdens linked lengthy hospital stays
New research indicates that hospitalized patients with advanced cancer experience many physical and psychological symptoms, and that patients dealing with a higher burden of these symptoms have longer hospital stays and a greater risk for unplanned hospital readmissions.

Novel therapies for multidrug-resistant bacteria
Scientists at the University of Surrey in collaboration with research partners at the University of Sheffield and University of Würzburg, Germany, have developed novel antimicrobials, which could be used to treat infections, caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria.

Birds without own brood help other birds with parenting, but not selflessly
Birds will sometimes care for the offspring of other birds of their own species if they anticipate future benefits.

Science shapes new century of sandwich recommendations for children at Centennial Meeting of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
The study, a modeling analysis, was conducted to assess the energy and nutrients contributed from all sandwiches in the US diets of children and adolescents.

Better food choices near schools for healthier teeth
There's something endearing about the crooked, gapped-tooth smiles of children whose permanent teeth are coming in.

Teamwork makes the dream work?
In new research from CHEST 2017, a team from Montefiore Medical Center in New York aimed to create a team-driven atmosphere in the hospital and hypothesized that the use of personalized numbered jerseys for each member of the code team would help to improve teamwork and overall time to perform critical clinical actions.

Saguaro and other towering cacti have a scrambled history
Biologists continue to debate the genealogy of the cactus family, even differing by a factor of 10 about how many different genera there are.

Adolescents underreport amphetamine use, likely unaware that adderall is amphetamine
High school seniors appear to be underreporting their nonmedical use of amphetamine, despite reporting using Adderall without a doctor's orders, finds a study by the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU Meyers College of Nursing.

Rising sea levels creating first Native American climate refugees
Rising sea levels and human activities are fast creating a 'worst case scenario' for Native Americans of the Mississippi Delta who stand to lose not just their homes, but their irreplaceable heritage, to climate change.

College labor market remains strong
Employers will face tough competition for talent in the 2017-18 job market, thanks to a seven-year growth streak in the college labor market, according to Michigan State University's Recruiting Trends, the largest annual survey of employers in the nation.

How do we know the age of the Earth? (video)
The Earth is 4.565 billion years old, give or take a few million years.

Clinicians' personal religious beliefs may impact treatment provided to patients who are homosexual
In a report presented at CHEST 2017, researchers from the Texas Medical Center in Houston, Texas, sought to determine if a clinician's own religious beliefs could influence the care of a homosexual patient.

Synthetic hydrogels deliver cells to repair intestinal injuries
By combining engineered polymeric materials known as hydrogels with complex intestinal tissue known as organoids -- made from human pluripotent stem cells -- researchers have taken an important step toward creating a new technology for controlling the growth of these organoids and using them for treating wounds in the gut that can be caused by disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Booms & busts: How the 1980s could've predicted the great recession
For anyone who lived through the early 1980s and early 1990s, the Great Recession two decades later should not have been a surprise, according to a paper released by Princeton University.

Surgical checklist can help prevent life-threatening infections in low resource settings
Process maps for infection prevention can provide a means for improving surgical safety in low- and middle-income countries

Teams work better with a little help from your friends
Here's something both you and your boss can agree on: Workplace teams are better when they include your friends.

Major study of genetics of breast cancer provides clues to mechanisms behind the disease
Seventy-two new genetic variants that contribute to the risk of developing breast cancer have been identified by a major international collaboration involving hundreds of researchers worldwide.

Stephen Hawking's PhD thesis goes online for the first time
Stephen Hawking's PhD thesis, 'Properties of expanding universes', has been made freely available to anyone, anywhere in the world, after being made accessible via the University of Cambridge's Open Access repository, Apollo.

Scientists write 'traps' for light with tiny ink droplets
A microscopic 'pen' that is able to write structures small enough to trap and harness light using a commercially available printing technique could be used for sensing, biotechnology, lasers, and studying the interaction between light and matter.

Single-molecule dissection of developmental gene control
Scientists at EPFL and Max Plank have made significant discoveries on how developmental genes are controlled by the methyltransferase enzyme PRC2.

Researchers at VA'S PTSD Brain Bank seek answers to complicated mental health condition
VA's National PTSD Brain Bank, the only one of its kind in the world, is currently storing tissue from 168 brains.

Nanotube fiber antennas as capable as copper
Thin fibers made of carbon nanotubes can be formed into antennas that are just as capable as copper antennas, according to researchers at Rice University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

How much water flows into agricultural irrigation?
Irrigation for agriculture is the largest use of fresh water around the globe, but precise records and maps of when and where water is applied by farmers are difficult to locate.

Virus-like particle vaccine protects against RSV vaccine-enhanced respiratory disease, study finds
Researchers have discovered that a virus-like particle vaccine can prime the body's immune response and prevent the severe respiratory disease that results when patients given an early form of a vaccine for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are exposed to RSV, according to a study led by Georgia State University.

New study shows how cells can be led down non-cancer path
As cells with a propensity for cancer break down food for energy, they reach a fork in the road: They can either continue energy production as healthy cells, or shift to the energy production profile of cancer cells.

Resistive memory components the computer industry can't resist
For years, the computer industry has sought memory technologies with higher endurance, lower cost, and better energy efficiency than commercial flash memories.

Novel technique explains herbicide's link to Parkinson's disease
Northwestern Medicine scientists have revealed how oxidative stress explains a common herbicide's link to risk of Parkinson's disease.

Yoga can be an effective supportive therapy for people with lung cancer and their caregivers
In a feasibility trial of people with advanced lung cancer receiving radiation therapy, and their caregivers, yoga was beneficial to both parties.

Wriggling microtubules help understand coupling of 'active' defects and curvature
Imagine a tiny doughnut-shaped droplet, covered with wriggling worms. The worms are packed so tightly together that they locally line up, forming a nematic liquid crystal similar to those found in flat panel displays.

Proton therapy lowers treatment side effects in pediatric head and neck cancer patients
Pediatric patients with head and neck cancer can be treated with proton beam therapy (PBT) instead of traditional photon radiation, and it will result in similar outcomes with less impact on quality of life.

Routes out of isolation for Yellowstone grizzlies
An interagency team of Montana and Wyoming biologists models possible routes to a reunion of the Yellowstone and Northern Continental bear populations through adventurous male immigrants.

Scientists: Expanding Brazilian sugarcane could dent global CO2 emissions
Vastly expanding sugarcane production in Brazil for conversion to ethanol could reduce current global carbon dioxide emissions by as much as 5.6 percent, researchers report in the journal Nature Climate Change.

Mongolian microfossils point to the rise of animals on Earth
A Yale-led research team has discovered a cache of embryo-like microfossils in northern Mongolia that may shed light on questions about the long-ago shift from microbes to animals on Earth.

Transparent solar technology represents 'wave of the future'
See-through solar materials that can be applied to windows represent a massive source of untapped energy and could harvest as much power as bigger, bulkier rooftop solar units, scientists report today in Nature Energy.

Crops evolving ten millennia before experts thought
Ancient hunter-gatherers began to systemically affect the evolution of crops up to thirty thousand years ago -- around ten millennia before experts previously thought -- according to new research by the University of Warwick.

Rhythm of memory
Inhibited neurons set the tempo for memory processes.

MIT neuroscientists build case for new theory of memory formation
MIT neuroscientists propose that the existence of 'silent engrams' suggests current theories of memory formation need to revised.

UTA study points to inefficiencies in Dallas mass transit
Lack of access to good-paying jobs is one of the primary products of a largely inefficient Dallas transit system, according to a city of Dallas-commissioned study conducted by Shima Hamidi, director of The University of Texas at Arlington's Institute of Urban Studies, and her research team.

Scientists warn that saline lakes in dire situation worldwide
Saline lakes around the world are shrinking in size at alarming rates.

Patients at risk over failure to recognize important diabetes subtype
The health of people with diabetes is being put at risk due to the failure of doctors to recognise which type of diabetes they have, a new study in the journal Diabetes Care reports.

Photocatalytic reduction of aqueous mercury (II) using hybrid WO3-TiO2 nanotubes film
Hybrid WO3-TiO2 nanotube films were successfully formed via electrochemical anodization at applied potential of 40 V in ethylene glycol organic electrolyte containing 1 vol % of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and 0.3 wt % ammonium fluoride (NH4F) by varying the anodization time from 15 up to 120 minutes.

Research posits earliest tree growth method
Researchers report exceptionally well-preserved fossil tree trunks approximately 374 million years old from Xinjiang, Northwest China.

How hospitals respond when it's uncertain if the newborn is a boy or a girl
When babies are born with atypical sex anatomy, the hospital's response has a major impact on a family's experience and decisions about sometimes irreversible procedures.

NASA sees Tropical Depression 27W still struggling
Tropical Depression 27W continues to struggle to organize south of the island of Guam in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.

Long-lasting blood vessel repair in animals via stem cells
An Emory/Yonsei team developed a new method for generating endothelial cells, which make up the lining of blood vessels, from human iPSCs..

Cryo-EM reveals ignition mechanism for DNA replication
An international team of scientists, led by structural biologists at Van Andel Research Institute, has shed new light on a critical step in DNA replication, offering fresh insights into a fundamental process of life and driver of many different diseases, including cancer.

Personalizing human-robot interaction may increase patient use - Ben-Gurion U.
'Determining the elements in the interaction that make users more motivated to continue is important in designing future robots that will interact with humans on a daily basis.'

Scientists develop new theory of molecular evolution
Researchers from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus and the University College London have developed a new theory of molecular evolution, offering insights into how genes function, how the rates of evolutionary divergence can be predicted, and how harmful mutations arise at a basic level.

Bariatric surgical patients at risk for newly persistent opioid use
Nearly 9 percent of bariatric surgical patients -- or about one in 12 -- who did not take opioid pain medications until their weight-loss operation, or the month before it, report that they are still using prescription opioids one year postoperatively, according to new research findings.

UCSF innovators use EHRs to track hospital-acquired infection
In a first for hospital infection control, the UC San Francisco Health Informatics team has used electronic health records (EHRs) to track down a source of a common hospital-acquired infection by tracing the movements of more than 85,000 patients over a three-year period.

Queen's University Belfast leads study to transform prostate cancer treatment
Queen's University Belfast has led the world's largest research study using a diagnostic test developed by Almac Diagnostics, to better understand the biology of prostate cancer tumours, which could lead to a transformation in how prostate cancer is diagnosed and treated.

Meta-analysis uncovers poor outcomes due to hyperthermia after post-cardiac arrest cooling
Rebound hyperthermia, or fever, is common after controlled body cooling to treat comatose survivors of cardiac arrest, but a new study presents evidence of significantly worse neurologic outcomes.

UMass Amherst microbiologists contribute to possible new anti-TB treatment path
As part of the long effort to improve treatment of tuberculosis (TB), microbiologists led by Yasu Morita at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report that they have for the first time characterized a protein involved in making a glycolipid compound found in the TB cell wall, which is critical for the disease-causing Mycobacterium to become infectious.

Dr. YouTube...What's your diagnosis?
According to Pew Research center, in 2013, about six out of ten Americans searched for health information online in the past year.

Bloated browser functionality presents unnecessary security, privacy risks
New research by computer scientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified numerous browser functionalities rarely used or needed by websites, but which pose substantial security and privacy risks to web surfers.

Resilience intervention improves well-being in young patients with cancer
A new randomized clinical trial of a pilot program found that a brief in-person intervention can improve psychosocial health in a particularly vulnerable population -- adolescents and young adults living with cancer.

Solution to mysterious behavior of supercooled water
Japan-based researchers developed a model to explain mysterious breakdown of Stokes-Einstein relationship in supercooled water.

Genetic rescue boosts recovery of Australia's endangered mountain pygmy possums
For the first time, a breeding technique known as genetic rescue has been shown to increase population numbers and survival rates of the endangered mountain pygmy possum, now at their highest numbers since 1996.

Older Neandertal survived with a little help from his friends
An older Neandertal from about 50,000 years ago, who had suffered multiple injuries and other degenerations, became deaf and must have relied on the help of others to avoid prey and survive well into his 40s, indicates a new analysis published Oct.

A fresh look at fresh water: Researchers create a 50,000-lake database

Countless numbers of vacationers spent this summer enjoying lakes for swimming, fishing and boating.

Lung cancer driver ALK-fusion found in melanoma
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the journal Molecular Cancer Therapeutics finds a genetic change called ALK-fusion in a patient sample of a melanoma subtype called mucosal melanoma.

Penn study links mutations in notch gene to role in B cell cancers
Researchers found that in B cell tumors, mutated overactive versions of the Notch protein directly drive the expression of the Myc gene and many other genes that participate in B cell signaling pathways.

Cryo-EM imaging suggests how the double helix separates during replication
Figuring out how accurate replication works at the level of individual molecules and atoms is one of the great achievements of modern science.

Malaysia embraces Melanie's work on the illegal wildlife trade
RESEARCH into how the law can be used to protect endangered species has led to a University of Huddersfield lecturer's expertise being harnessed by an overseas nation that has some of the world's most diverse and fascinating wildlife.

The opioid crisis: 'What have we learned and where do we go from here'?
Anesthesiology and pain medicine should play a leading role in developing effective alternatives and solutions to the US opioid crisis, according to the November issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia -- a special thematic issue presenting information on the

Sumatran tigers on path to recovery in 'in danger' UNESCO World Heritage site
A new scientific publication from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park Authority looks at the effectiveness of the park's protection zone and finds that the density of Sumatran tigers has increased despite the continued threat of living in an 'In Danger' World Heritage Site.

Legibility emerges spontaneously, rather than evolving over time
Olivier Morin from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena analyzed and compared the letters of more than 100 scripts from all over the globe.

Irregular heartbeat linked to higher thyroid hormone levels
Individuals with higher levels of thyroid hormone (free thyroxine or FT4) circulating in the blood were more likely than individuals with lower levels to develop irregular heartbeat, even when the levels were within normal range.

Discovered in plants a mechanism that corrects defects in protein folding
Discovered in plants a mechanism that corrects defects in proteins such as those that cause Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases in humans.

Rethinking well-being and sustainability measurements from local to global scales
A new study suggests that standard ways of measuring well-being and sustainability in communities used by global organizations may be missing critical information and could lead to missteps in management actions.

Protein regulates vitamin A metabolic pathways, prevents inflammation
A team of researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have discovered how uncontrolled vitamin A metabolism in the gut can cause harmful inflammation.

Teens who vape higher doses of nicotine are more likely to become regular smokers, vapers
Even if it tastes like Gummi Bears and is inhaled as smoke-free aerosol, vaping higher concentrations of nicotine may increase how often teenagers use electronic cigarettes or smoke traditional cigarettes.

Depression strongly linked to higher long-term risk of early death for both women and men
Despite increased awareness about mental illness, depression remains strongly linked to a higher risk of early death -- and this risk has increased for women in recent years -- according to results from the 60-year Stirling County Study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Exploring disease predisposition to deliver personalized medicine
Exploring the links between diseases and tissue-specific gene activity, geneticists from UNIGE have been able to build a model that constitutes a first step towards the identification of specific sequences in the non-coding genome signalling their pathogenicity in the context of a specific disease.

Understanding how electrons turn to glass
Researchers have gained new insight into the electronic processes that guide the transformation of liquids into a solid crystalline or glassy state.

Study shows mindfulness meditation app works -- but acceptance training component is crucial
A Carnegie Mellon University-led study found that one component of mindfulness interventions is particularly important for impacting stress biology.

Enough vitamin D when young associated with lower risk of diabetes-related autoimmunity
Getting enough vitamin D during infancy and childhood is associated with a reduced risk of islet autoimmunity among children at increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes, according to a study published this week in the journal Diabetes.

ESMO calls for cancer-specific targets to be included in NCDs' global and national agendas
Most premature deaths from cancer, or other NCDs, are preventable or curable if health systems respond more effectively to the needs of their population.

Experiment provides deeper look into the nature of neutrinos
The first glimpse of data from the full array of a deeply chilled particle detector operating beneath a mountain in Italy sets the most precise limits yet on where scientists might find a theorized process to help explain why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

Research revises our knowledge of how the brain learns to fear
What happens in the brain when we learn that fire is very hot and can hurt us?

Neighborhoods can affect the need for urgent asthma care
In a new study presented at CHEST 2017, researchers from Columbia University Medical Center in New York aimed to determine if the associations between combustion-related air pollutant levels and urgent asthma care differed by neighborhood in New York City.

Activation of immune T cells leads to behavioral changes
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences in Japan and collaborators have found that T cells -- immune cells that help to protect the body from infections and cancer -- change the body's metabolism when they are activated, and that this activation actually leads to changes in behavior.

These shrews have heads that shrink with the season
If any part of the body would seem ill equipped to shrink, it would probably be the head and skull.

Moment of impact: A journey into the Chicxulub Crater
When the Chicxulub asteroid slammed into Earth about 66 million years ago, it obliterated 80 percent of Earth's species, blasted out a crater 200 kilometers across, and signaled an abrupt end to the Cretaceous Period.

New magma pathways after giant lateral volcano collapses
Giant lateral collapses are huge landslides occurring at the flanks of a volcano.

Introduction of a novel system for in vitro analyses of zebrafish oligodendrocyte progenitor cells
Dr. Michell M. Reimer, group leader at the Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden (CRTD), Cluster of Excellence at the TU Dresden, and his team introduce a novel, easy-to-use, and highly reproducible OPC culture platform for adult zebrafish cells.

You rang? Researchers address 'alarm fatigue' among staff and the rate of false alarms
At CHEST 2017 two studies from researchers in New York aim to decrease alarm rates, tackle alarm fatigue, and assess alarm accuracy in the ICU.

New asthma biomarkers identified from lung bacteria
New research from the University of Illinois at Chicago suggests that the lung microbiome plays a significant role in asthma severity and response to treatment.

New study suggests psychedelic drugs may reduce criminal behaviour
Newly published research suggests that common psychedelic drugs -- such as magic mushrooms, LSD and mescaline (a substance derived from the peyote cactus) -- may reduce criminal offences.

Are teens more likely to take charge of their health when money is on the line?
A new study shows that using small financial incentives and accessible monitoring tools such as wireless glucometers and apps may motivate young people with type 1 diabetes to engage in the management of their condition.

Scientists Update Four Key Fundamental Constants
Paving the way for transforming the world's measurement system, an international task force has determined updated values for four fundamental constants of nature.

Patients prefer doctors not use computers in exam room
A new study suggests that people with advanced cancer prefer doctors communicate with them face-to-face with just a notepad in hand rather than repeatedly using a computer.

So my brain amyloid level is 'elevated' -- What does that mean?
Testing drugs to prevent or delay the onset of Alzheimer's dementia and using them in the clinic will mean identifying and informing adults who have a higher risk of Alzheimer's but are still cognitively normal.

Ames Laboratory, UConn discover superconductor with bounce
The US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has discovered extreme 'bounce,' or super-elastic shape-memory properties in a material that could be applied for use as an actuator in the harshest of conditions, such as outer space, and might be the first in a whole new class of shape memory materials.

Are e-cigarettes with higher nicotine associated with more smoking, vaping?
The use of electronic cigarettes with higher nicotine concentrations by high school students in California was associated with a greater likelihood of subsequent use of conventional combustible cigarettes and e-cigarettes, according to a new article published by JAMA Pediatrics.

Rethinking the private sector's role in disaster relief
Latent potential within the private sector could provide a powerful new solution to disaster relief, according to a report out of the Yale Center for Business and the Environment.

Canada geese give hunters the slip by hiding out in Chicago
It's open season for Canada geese in Illinois from mid-October to mid-January.

BOTOX® injections may provide relief for children and teens with hard-to-treat migraines
One in 10 school-aged children suffer from migraines, but there are few FDA-approved medications for them.

A major study finds many planned roads in the tropics shouldn't be built
We are living in the most dramatic era of road expansion in human history, but many planned roads should not be built, concludes a major study by researchers at James Cook University in Australia.

Scientists discover new gene associated with debilitating lung disease
Finding of lung fibrosis gene highlights a potential new avenue for treatment.

Acute kidney failure with VTE proves difficult to treat
Researchers from the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center conducted a prospective, observational study to assess the impact that weight and renal function have on venous thromboembolism (VTE) rates among in-patients receiving prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight or unfractionated heparin.

Portland State study calls for new approach to studying concussion
Understanding the puzzling and complex nature of concussion and how to treat it will take a whole new way of approaching the problem, according to new research led by Portland State University.

Integrative health group visit reduce chronic pain in underserved Spanish-speaking Latinos
Spanish-speaking Latinos suffering from chronic pain, who typically lack access to effective treatments due to insurance, income, and language barriers, showed significant benefits from an Integrative Medical Group Visit (IMGV) approach that was adapted for this population.

Selective memory
A memory management scheme developed t MIT and elsewhere would increase by 33 to 50 percent the efficiency of data caches that use the massive new memory banks known as 'in-package DRAM.'

New Peruvian bird species discovered by its song
A new species of bird from the heart of Peru remained undetected for years until researchers identified it by its unique song.

Air pollution cuts solar energy potential in China
Severe air pollution in northern and eastern China blocks about 20 percent of sunlight from reaching solar panel arrays in winter, according to a Princeton University study.

Why did the 2014 Oso landslide travel so far?
On Saturday, 22 March 2014, a devastating landslide roared across the North Fork of the Stillaguamish River, near Oso, Washington.

New tool captures fertility knowledge and attitudes in transgender youth
A novel tool developed by researchers at Children's National Health System-with critical input from transgender youth and their parents-assesses the level of interest or concern these teens and their families have regarding the impacts of medical gender treatments on long-term fertility.

NASA follows extra-Tropical Cyclone Lan speeding through northern Japan
Now an extra-tropical cyclone over northern Japan, Lan was a typhoon when it made landfall just south of Tokyo over the weekend of Oct.

Are clinicians prepared to give bad news?
Delivering news about end-of-life issues is one of the most difficult tasks clinicians encounter in medical practice.

A step closer to a cure for adult-onset diabetes
In healthy people, exosomes -- tiny structures secreted by cells to allow intercellular communication -- prevent clumping of the protein that leads to type 2 diabetes.

Trial shows drug can dramatically reduce weight of people with obesity
A drug that targets the appetite control system in the brain could bring about significant weight loss in people with clinical obesity, according to new research.

B3 vitamin component fights carcinogen action in human cells, says research
Brazilian scientists investigate tumoral development caused by benzo[a]pyrene, a hydrocarbon present in cigarette smoke, automotive exhaust, burnt wood fumes and barbecued meat.

African-Americans live shorter lives due to heart disease and stroke
African-Americans carry a higher burden of cardiovascular diseases compared with white Americans.

Innovative material for soft sensor could bring new tactile tech
A new type of soft and stretchable sensor could find uses in applications ranging from athletics and health monitoring to prosthetics and virtual reality.

Disaster makes people with depression less healthy
People who exhibit even a few depressive symptoms before a major life stressor, such as a disaster, may experience an increase in inflammation -- a major risk factor for heart disease and other negative health conditions -- after the event

Scientists identify 'first responders' to bacterial invasion
When bacteria enter our body, they kick-start a powerful immune response.

Researchers bring optical communication onto silicon chips
Ultrathin films of a semiconductor that emits and detects light can be stacked on top of silicon wafers, researchers report in a study that could help bring optical communication onto silicon chips.

Novel transdisciplinary study uncovers microbes that may one day deter major grape disease
Researchers at the University of California-Riverside (UCR) conducted a novel transdisciplinary study to characterize the microbial communities within the vascular system of grapevines and their connections with Pierce's disease, an economically significant disease of the California grape industry.

People with leukemia and their oncologists have vastly different perceptions of prognosis
A study of 100 people with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving chemotherapy found that patient and physician perceptions of treatment risk and the likelihood of a cure varied widely.

Standardized ambulatory surgical protocol reduces unplanned postoperative returns
Health system study of patients undergoing open inguinal hernia repair identifies patient education and anesthetic management as key elements of care.

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