Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 25, 2017
The role of the gut microbiome in posttraumatic stress disorder: More than a gut feeling
The bacteria in your gut could hold clues to whether or not you will develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after experiencing a traumatic event.

Transplanted hematopoietic stem cells reverse damage caused by neuro-muscular disorder
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that a single infusion of wildtype hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) into a mouse model of Friedreich's ataxia (FA) measurably halted cellular damage caused by the degenerative disease.

Navigation system of brain cells decoded
The human brain contains roughly 100 billion neurons. Information among them is transmitted via a complex network of nerve fibers.

Invasive species jeopardize already threatened island animals
Researchers have identified which of the approximately 465,000 islands worldwide are home to both highly threatened terrestrial vertebrates and invasive species that may endanger their survival.

Timing could matter to how responsive cancer cells are to treatment, study suggests
In a new study published in Cell Systems, UNC Lineberger's Jeremy Purvis, PhD, and colleagues report that the timing of when DNA damage occurs within these different checkpoints matters to a cell's fate.

Genome sleuthing tracks the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria
esearchers tracked the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) during a one-year period in the East of England, and observed evidence for transmission of the bacteria in the community resulting from clinically unrecognized episodes.

Mimicking biological process, hydrogel signals and releases proteins
An artificial system using a DNA-laced hydrogel can receive a chemical signal and release the appropriate protein, according to Penn State researchers.

New study: 'Double decker' antibody technology fights cancer
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have created a new class of antibody-drug conjugates for cancer therapy.

UCLA neuroscientists improve human memory by electrically stimulating brain
UCLA neuroscientists have discovered precisely where and how to electrically stimulate the human brain to enhance people's recollection of distinct memories.

Researchers unveil tool to debug 'black box' deep learning algorithms
Researchers have developed a tool to automatically error-check the thousands to millions of neurons in a deep learning neural network.

Mature B lymphocytes accelerate the healing of diabetic ulcers, other skin injuries
A Massachusetts General Hospital research team has found a surprising potential solution to a persistent clinical problem -- the healing of chronic wounds.

'Scars' left by icebergs record West Antarctic ice retreat
Thousands of marks on the Antarctic seafloor, caused by icebergs which broke free from glaciers more than ten thousand years ago, show how part of the Antarctic Ice Sheet retreated rapidly at the end of the last ice age as it balanced precariously on sloping ground and became unstable.

Rapid cellphone charging getting closer to reality
The ability to charge cellphones in seconds is one step closer after researchers at the University of Waterloo used nanotechnology to significantly improve energy-storage devices known as supercapacitors.

Hepatitis C care falling short for young opioid users in R.I.
New research finds that while many Rhode Island young adults who use opioids get screened for hepatitis C, they aren't always connected to care for an infection if one is detected.

Deforestation linked to palm oil production is making Indonesia warmer
In the past decades, large areas of forest in Sumatra, Indonesia, have been replaced by cash crops like oil palm and rubber plantations.

UMass Amherst researchers find triclosan and other chemicals accumulate in toothbrushes
A team of environmental chemists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by Baoshan Xing, who has long studied how polymers take up chemicals they contact, report in the current issue of Environmental Science & Technology that triclosan, an antibacterial agent in some over-the-counter toothpastes, accumulates in toothbrush bristles and is easily released in the mouth if the user switches toothpaste types.

Can open and honest scientists win public trust?
With the increased politicization of science, more and more people continue to be skeptical of research, especially when it comes to hot-button topics such as climate change and vaccines.

Some infant rice cereals contain elevated levels of methylmercury
Eating large amounts of certain fish can expose consumers to methylmercury, which can potentially cause health problems.

New genes on 'deteriorating' Y chromosome
Decoding Y chromosomes is difficult even with latest sequencing technologies.

Laser beams for superconductivity
A laser pulse, a special material, an extraordinary property which appears inexplicably.

Revealing galactic secrets
Countless galaxies vie for attention in this monster image of the Fornax Galaxy Cluster, some appearing only as pinpricks of light while others dominate the foreground.

Study examines if timing of IVF to avoid weekend procedures affects pregnancy success
It's unclear whether there is a need to retrieve a woman's eggs on weekends, in connection with in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment in couples wishing to conceive.

Bacterial toxins made in the gut
You get an infection, you are given penicillin--and then you could get hemorrhagic diarrhea.

Women more likely to die in the first year after a heart attack
Heart attacks pose a greater threat to women than to men.

Large declines seen in teen substance abuse, delinquency
Survey data indicate that in recent years, teens have become far less likely to abuse alcohol, nicotine and illicit drugs, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Skin found to play a role in controlling blood pressure
Skin plays a surprising role in helping regulate blood pressure and heart rate, according to scientists at the University of Cambridge and the Karolinska Institute, Sweden.

Now we know why babies shouldn't sleep face down
A developmental abnormality in babies -- especially in premature babies and in boys -- has for the first time been directly linked to cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Technique offers advance in testing micro-scale compressive strength of cement
Researchers have, for the first time, used a 'micropillar compression' technique to characterize the micro-scale strength of cement, allowing for the development of cement with desirable strength properties for civil engineering applications.

Continuous EEG better at identifying oxygen-deprived newborns most at risk
Continuously recording the brain's electrical signals and examining how those impulses evolve over time is a more reliable way to identify infants at risk for brain injury, compared with doing snapshot evaluations, according to a prospective cohort study led by Children's National Health System research-clinicians.

A drier south: Europe's drought trends match climate change projections
Researchers published new findings that suggest European drought trends are lining up with climate change projections, pointing to decreases in drought frequency in the north and increases in drought frequency in the south.

Secure payment without leaving a trace
Wether paying for public transport via a smartphone app or wether using a prepaid card for the public swimming pool: Many people open 'electronic purses' every day.

Global biodiversity conservation does save species, but could be done smarter
A new analysis reveals that billions of dollars spent on habitat and species conservation worldwide have resulted in substantial reductions in the loss of biodiversity.

Flexible batteries a highlight for smart dental aids
Redesigned lithium-ion batteries could help improve the efficiency of orthodontic devices.

New RoboBee flies, dives, swims and explodes out the of water
A new, hybrid RoboBee can fly, dive into water, swim, propel itself back out of water, and safely land.

Retain UK healthcare as a primarily publicly funded service, argues leading doctor
In The BMJ today, she argues that a mixed public-private healthcare system 'ultimately reduces the effectiveness of healthcare for everyone' and says 'it makes sense on grounds of equity, effectiveness and cost-efficiency to retain UK healthcare as a primarily publicly funded, delivered and accountable service.'

Machine learning detects marketing and sale of Opioids on Twitter
Using advanced machine learning, a cross disciplinary team of University of California San Diego researchers developed technology that mined Twitter to identify entities illegally selling prescription opioids online.

Why arched backs are attractive
Researchers have provided scientific evidence for what lap dancers and those who twerk probably have known all along -- men are captivated by the arched back of a woman.

Researchers extend power of gene editing by developing a new class of DNA base editors
Scientists have developed a new class of genome editing tool.

Study shows routine genomic surveillance of MRSA can detect unsuspected outbreaks
Genomic surveillance has revealed the first complete picture of MRSA spread across the east of England.

Underweight women are at greater risk of early menopause
Underweight women and women who were underweight as teenagers or in their mid-30s are at greater risk of experiencing an early menopause compared to lean or normal weight women, according to a study of nearly 80,000 women published in Human Reproduction journal.

Study finds 3M Americans carry a loaded handgun daily
Approximately 9 million handgun owners in the United States carry loaded handguns on a monthly basis, while 3 million report carrying on a daily basis.

First white-box testing model finds thousands of errors in self-driving cars
Researchers from Lehigh University and Columbia University shine a light into the black box of deep learning systems with DeepXplore, the first automated white-box testing of such systems.

Do tanning salons comply with state laws restricting access to minors?
Researchers posed as minors to investigate compliance rates in 42 states and the District of Columbia with laws restricting tanning bed use by minors and they report an overall noncompliance rate of 37 percent, according to an article published by JAMA Dermatology.

Researchers find immune cells help rebuild damaged nerves
Immune cells are normally associated with fighting infection but in a new study, scientists have discovered how they also help the nervous system clear debris, clearing the way for nerve regeneration after injury.

Sussex physicists have breakthrough on brittle smart phone screens
New 'potato stamp' technique combining silver and graphene may create cheaper, more flexible and eco-friendly screens.

Yellowstone spawned twin super-eruptions that altered global climate
A new geological record of the Yellowstone supervolcano's last catastrophic eruption is rewriting the story of what happened 630,000 years ago and how it affected Earth's climate.

Feinstein Institute study looks at impact of a popular pre-heart transplant therapy on the kidney
Scientists, nephrologists and cardiac surgeons from The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research and Northwell Health's Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology and Cardio-Thoracic Surgery examined the impact of a popular pre-heart transplant therapy on the kidney in a study published today by The Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

The psychological toll of shame in military personnel
Feelings of shame may make the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) more severe in current and former members of the Armed Services.

Household with mother (-in-law) means fewer kids
Women who live with their own mother or their mother in law in the same household have, on average, fewer children than women who only live with their spouse.

New research explores the limits of nanomaterials and atomic effects for nanotechnology
New research shows that manufacturable nanodevices should be the goal of nanotechnological research to ensure the enhanced properties of nanomaterials can be used to fulfill the promise that fundamental science has exposed.

New method helps rule out heart valve infection
A risk assessment system developed by researchers at Lund University in Sweden shows which patients, with a certain type of streptococcal bacteria in the blood, need to be examined for a heart valve infection -- a serious condition requiring prolonged medical treatment.

Fred Hutch researchers engineer complex immunotherapy that may target relapsing leukemia
Researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of Washington have developed a novel way to genetically engineer T cells that may be effective for treating and preventing leukemia relapse.

Method of accelerating the maturation of stem cells to form neurons discovered
Researchers at the University Medical Center of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have developed a promising technique that will facilitate the differentiation of stem cells into neurons.

Marine microbiology: Scavenging to survive below the seafloor
Microorganisms living in the sediments buried below the seafloor obtain their nutrients by using secreted enzymes to degrade adsorbed detritus.

Comet mission reveals 'missing link' in our understanding of planet formation
The missing link in our understanding of planet formation has been revealed by the first ever spacecraft to orbit and land on a comet, say German scientists.

Immigrant parents, refugees face greater mental health challenges; Kids' learning at risk
Canadian immigrant parents, refugees, women and minorities are at greater risk of mental health issues and socioeconomic challenges, with their children more likely to suffer learning setbacks before kindergarten, a pair of studies by researchers at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) at the University of Toronto have shown.

Study identifies risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in African-American men
African-American men report an average of eight depressive symptoms in a month, with family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors and discrimination among the factors that are significant to their psychological health, according to a new study led by researchers at Georgia State University.

Medicare patients in poorest US counties more likely to incur higher out-of-pocket hospitalization expenses
When Medicare beneficiaries are admitted to the hospital, their care is normally covered by Part A benefits with a fixed deductible.

New frontiers for CRISPR: Editing RNA
A new version of the gene editing tool CRISPR can target and edit RNA, scientists report, yielding several advantages over its DNA-editing counterpart.

Helicobacter pylori: Dodging the bullet
Helicobacter pylori is a widespread bacterial pathogen that infects the lining of the stomach, where it can cause ulcers and even cancer.

Pilot study shows fluorescent imaging with antibody safely used in glioblastoma patients
In its first test in humans, the antibody cetuximab proved to be safe and feasible for infrared fluorescent imaging of tumors during brain surgery.

Improving readability of discharge instructions leads to fewer patient follow-up calls
A Minnesota research team that previously found patient discharge instructions are written at a higher-than-recommended grade level found that by editing the templates of their discharge instructions and making them easier to read, they received fewer phone calls from patients once those patients left the hospital.

Post-concussion brain changes persist even after pre-teen hockey players return to play
Young hockey players who have suffered concussions may still show changes in the white matter of the brain months after being cleared to return to play, researchers at Western University have found through sophisticated Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) techniques.

New enzyme rewrites the genome
A new type of DNA editing enzyme, developed in HHMI Investigator David Liu's lab, lets scientists directly and permanently change single base pairs of DNA from A*T to G*C.

6,000-year-old skull could be from the world's earliest known tsunami victim
Scientists have discovered what they believe is the skull of the earliest known tsunami victim, a person who lived 6,000 years ago in Papua New Guinea.

Some people with cystic fibrosis might live longer because of genetic mutations
Research suggests that genetic mutations to an 'epithelial sodium pathway' could protect against cystic fibrosis and its debilitating effects on the lungs.

Broad experience a double-edged sword for entrepreneurs seeking investors, study shows
According to research from the University of Notre Dame, having a wide range of experience as a 'jack-of-all-trades' can sometimes be an asset, but in certain environments this will make it difficult to get a startup business off the ground.

Gallbladder cancer: Pharmacist finds protein that drives tumor growth
Patients with gallbladder cancer often show few or no symptoms for long periods of time.

Piezoelectrics stretch their potential with a method for flexible sticking
Thin-film piezoelectrics, with dimensions on the scale of micrometers or smaller, offer potential for new applications where smaller dimensions or a lower voltage operation are required.

How to turn damaged heart tissue back into healthy heart muscle: New details emerge
Publishing their work in Nature, UNC School of Medicine researchers show how their new research platform helped them discover new cell subpopulations and crucial cellular players in the process of turning damaged heart tissue back into healthy heart muscle.

Conservation spending predicts rise and fall of global biodiversity
In the decade after the 1992 Earth Summit, at least $14 billion was devoted to biodiversity conservation around the globe.

Flu forecasting tool uses evolution to make earlier predictions
A new flu forecasting tool built by scientists at the University of Chicago aims to make better predictions by combining data about how the virus spreads with an estimate of how much the current virus evolved compared to recent years.

Investing in conservation pays off, study finds
Governments and donors have spent billions of dollars since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit attempting to slow the pace of species extinctions around the world.

'Mega-carnivore' dinosaur roamed southern Africa 200 million years ago
An international team of scientists has discovered the first evidence that a huge carnivorous dinosaur roamed southern Africa 200 million year ago.

Among 'green' energy, hydropower is the most dangerous
Many governments are promoting a move away from fossil fuels towards renewable energy sources.

Targeting mitochondria in pulmonary hypertension
Investigators at the University of Alberta and the Imperial College of Medicine have shown that the generic drug, Dichloroacetate (DCA), can decrease the blood pressure in the lungs of pulmonary arterial hypertension patients and improve their ability to walk, without significant side effects at the doses tested.

Study finds women underweight in teens, mid-30s are at greater risk of early menopause
A new study from epidemiologists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst published today reports, based on a study of nearly 80,000 women, that underweight women and those who were underweight as teenagers or in their mid-30s are at greater risk of early menopause compared to lean or normal weight women.

The male dominance in diplomacy is changing
The number of female diplomats in the world has increased in the last 20 years, although the most prestigious positions remain heavily male dominated.

Study indicates home monitoring effectively detects potentially fatal fetal heart issues
As reported in the Journal of Perinatology, researchers from Children's Hospital Colorado recently confirmed that it is feasible for at-risk pregnant women to use commercially-available Doppler fetal heart rate monitors for home monitoring to detect heart arrhythmias in their developing fetuses.

Information re-sharing on social network sites in the age of fake news
Recent research, Information Re-Sharing on Social Network Sites in the Age of Fake News, looks at resharing behavior on social network sites (SNS) and how the perception of the three dimensions of information quality -- reliability, relevance, and enjoyment -- could influence users' intention to re-share the content they see on SNSs.

Sexual function concerns not always reflected in prostate cancer treatment choices
A study led by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers found that preference for preserving sexual function was not strongly reflected in the treatment choices of men with low-risk prostate cancer.

Pharma gifts to providers result in more branded, expensive prescriptions
Physicians and other health care providers who received 'gifts' from pharmaceutical companies were much more likely to prescribe a higher number of drugs per patient, including more costly prescriptions for branded medicines, compared to prescriptions written by medical providers who did not accept gifts, according to research published in PLOS ONE.

Want to save 41 percent of the planet's highly threatened vertebrates? Work on islands
New research discovers that nearly half the Earth's highly threatened vertebrates occur on islands.

Ancient skull likely to belong to world's oldest tsunami victim
A new geological analysis of the site where a 6000-year old human skull was discovered in Papua New Guinea in 1929 has revealed that the person most likely died in a catastrophic tsunami.

Japanese researchers find why Alzheimer's drugs work in the lab but not in patients
Osaka University scientists found that some potential γ-secretase inhibitors such as semagacestat, which have been used in large clinical trials that ended in failure, do not function as true inhibitors as originally expected, but rather cause accumulation of toxic intraneuronal Aβ.

It's all about the mix
A marriage between 3-D printer plastic and a versatile hybrid material for detecting and storing gases could lead to inexpensive sensors and fuel cell batteries alike.

Cells' mechanical memory could hold clues to cancer metastasis
In the body, cells move around to form organs during development; to heal wounds; and when they metastasize from cancerous tumors.

Blocking key pathways is a way to defeat cancer stem cells
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences in Japan and international collaborators have found that in humanized mice, a cocktail of drugs blocking certain key pathways is effective in eliminating acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a disease which is estimated to kill more than 250,000 people a year around the world.

A higher risk of breast cancer does not motivate many women to have screening checks
According to new findings presented at the American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress 2017, the vast majority of women in one health system who are at higher risk of breast cancer choose not to get MRI screenings, even when the service was available to them at no cost.

New evidence for dark matter makes it even more exotic
Looking at massive galaxy clusters, EPFL astronomers have observed that their brightest galaxies within them 'wobble' -- an unexpected phenomenon in current models.

Japanese earthquake zone strongly influenced by the effects of friction
An international research team led by Kyushu University (Japan) identified that subduction-related friction and pre-existing fault structures in the Eurasian/Philippine Sea plate boundary significantly influences earthquake location and rupturing behavior.

Blood test can effectively rule out breast cancer, regardless of breast density
A new study published in PLOS ONE demonstrates that Videssa® Breast, a multi-protein biomarker blood test for breast cancer, is unaffected by breast density and can reliably rule out breast cancer in women with both dense and non-dense breast tissue.

Translocated hawks thrive in Hispaniola
Species translocation -- capturing animals in one place and releasing them in another -- is a widely used conservation method for establishing or reestablishing populations of threatened species.

New fractal-like concentrating solar power receivers are better at absorbing sunlight
Sandia National Laboratories engineers have developed new fractal-like, concentrating solar power receivers for small- to medium-scale use that are up to 20 percent more effective at absorbing sunlight than current technology.

New software lets your car tell you what it needs
Software developed at MIT could tell drivers when their cars need a tuneup, a new air filter, wheel balancing or a tire replacement, just by using a smartphone.

Cerebral palsy survey in Uganda fills knowledge gap
Cerebral palsy is more common and has higher mortality in Uganda than in high income countries.

Cloth caps more effective than disposable caps at preventing contamination in the OR
One of the first studies testing the effectiveness of different operating room (OR) head coverings in preventing airborne contamination has found that surgeon's caps that expose small amounts of the ears and hair are not inferior to the bouffant-style, disposable scrub hats that cover those features.

A better way to wash pesticides off apples
Polishing an apple with your shirt might remove some dust and dirt, but getting rid of pesticide residues could take a little more work.

Insights from a rare genetic disease may help treat multiple myeloma
A new class of drugs for blood cancers such as leukemia and multiple myeloma is showing promise.

Pre-clinical study suggests path toward non-addictive painkillers
A pre-clinical study in the journal Biological Psychiatry reports that the use of the positive allosteric modulator GAT211 enhances the effect of pain-relief chemicals produced by the body in response to stress or injury.

Haloperidol as adjunctive therapy superior to placebo for acute gastroparesis symptoms
Haloperidol is an effective first-line agent in combination with standard analgesic and antiemetic agents for the treatment of gastroparesis in the emergency department.

Proton therapy for prostate cancer is advantageous to imrt according to new study
Proton therapy treatment for prostate cancer is associated with higher survival rates and decreased risk of complications compared to intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) according to a new study by researchers at the Northwestern Medicine Chicago Proton Center.

Discovery lights path for alzheimer's research
A probe invented at Rice University that lights up when it binds to a misfolded amyloid beta peptide -- the kind suspected of causing Alzheimer's disease -- has identified a specific binding site on the protein that could facilitate better drugs to treat the disease.

NHS must plan for long-term disruption and effects on staff after mass casualty events
UK hospitals should plan for long-term disruption and enduring effects on staff after mass casualty events, such as the Westminster Bridge terrorist attack and the Manchester Arena bombing, say experts in The BMJ today.

Poll: Stress, reward & surprises among those who take care of loved ones with dementia
They don't get pay, recognition, or much of a break.

Marine species threatened by deep-sea mining
Underwater mining poses a great danger to animals inhabiting the seafloors.

Discovery of a new structure family of oxide-ion conductors 'SrYbInO4'
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Professor Masatomo Yashima and colleagues, Tokyo Tech) and Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (Dr.

New property found in unusual crystalline materials
Researchers at MIT and elsewhere discover an unexpected property of some nanostructured metals, could lead to new ways of 'tuning' their properties.

Brain tumors share common tricks to survive
Different types of brain tumors may use strikingly similar approaches to generate and use energy to survive in the brain.

UNIST researchers develop highly stable perovskite solar cells
South Korea's Ulsan Nationl Institute of Science and Technology has recently introduced a highly stable perovskite solar cells (PSCs).

Determining when humans started impacting the planet on a large scale
Humans have so profoundly altered the Earth that, some scientists argue, our current geologic epoch requires a new name: the Anthropocene.

Models clarify physics at photocathode surfaces
Advances in materials science have improved the composition of materials used in photocathode production that can operate at visible wavelengths and produce a beam with reduced transverse electron momentum spread; however, the surface roughness of the photocathode continues to limit beam properties.

Should we scrap the target of a maximum 4-hour wait in emergency departments?
As waiting times increase, should we scrap the target of a maximum four-hour wait in emergency departments?

CAMH study reveals promising new avenue to explore treatments for Alzheimer's disease
In an innovative study, researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) have discovered brain changes linked to memory loss in people with Alzheimer's disease.

China's out of control 'silent killer' affects one-third of adults
More than one-third of adults in China have high blood pressure -- often dubbed the 'silent killer' for its lack of symptoms -- but only about one in 20 have the condition under control.

NASA finds heavy rain, wind shear and towering clouds in Tropical Storm Saola
NASA satellites have provided various views of Tropical Storm Saola as it tracks toward Japan in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

MIT students fortify concrete by adding recycled plastic
MIT undergraduate students have found that, by exposing plastic flakes to small, harmless doses of gamma radiation, then pulverizing the flakes into a fine powder, they can mix the plastic with cement paste to produce concrete that is up to 20 percent stronger than conventional concrete.

Can good design be cost-effective?
Designing apps for maximum utility is mostly a hit or miss process, according to Illinois Computer Science Professor Ranjitha Kumar.

Partnerships between rural hospitals and academic surgery departments can reduce costs
A research team from Texas Tech University Health Sciences, Odessa, Texas, has developed a novel methodology to reduce rural area surgical costs, improve quality of care, and increase revenue for academic surgical programs.

Special issue of Journal of Nursing Scholarship confronts climate change and health
A special issue of the Journal of Nursing Scholarship explores climate change, global health, and the role of nursing in addressing environmental changes and protecting vulnerable people and populations.

Living close to green spaces is associated with better attention in children
How do green spaces affect cognitive development in children? A new study from the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), an institute supported by 'la Caixa' Foundation, concludes that children with more greenness around their homes may develop better attention capacities.

Could Squirrel trade have contributed to England's medieval leprosy outbreak?
Genetic analysis of a pre-Norman skull unearthed in a garden in Suffolk has added to a growing body of evidence that East Anglia may have been the epicentre of an epidemic of leprosy that spread through medieval England.

Anti-pancreatic cancer drug in research focus
Intriguing antitumor activity is found in a very promising class of natural compounds: cyclic depsipeptides, which have a challenging structure that makes their investigation difficult.

Triclosan accumulates in toothbrushes, potentially prolonging users' exposure
In September, a ban on triclosan in over-the-counter antiseptic soaps, gels and wipes went into effect in the US.

UNIST researchers introduce novel catalyst for rechargeable metal-air batteries
South Korea's Ulsan Nationl Institute of Science and Technology has presented novel catalyst to accelerate the commercialization of metal-air batteries.

Aitape skull likely belongs to world's oldest tsunami victim
New research from the University of Notre Dame suggests the bone fragment belongs to the world's oldest known tsunami victim -- an important piece in the conversation about how modern populations can adapt to rising sea levels.

Osaka university roll the dice on perovskite interfaces
Osaka University-led researchers developed a robust Monte Carlo-based refinement computerized approach to precisely and accurately model perovskite oxide interfaces from complex surface X-ray diffraction data.

Development of a highly-accurate computational model of human metabolism
KAIST team developed a computational framework that enables the reconstruction of a comprehensive computational model of human metabolism, which allows for an accurate prediction of personal metabolic features.

Urologists voice concerns about Opioid dependence in postoperative patients
In a new study in The Journal of Urology®, researchers investigated to what extent patients who had undergone urological surgery later became opioid dependent or overdosed.

Stopping children getting unnecessary antibiotics for colds and sore throats
A collaboration between UK, Canadian and Chinese scientists has helped to reduce the over-prescription of unneeded antibiotics to children in rural China, according to research published today in Lancet Global Health. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to