Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 27, 2017
Universities drive innovation in the classroom
The current issue of Technology and Innovation, Journal of the National Academy of Inventors ® (19.2) examines innovation from the university perspective, highlighting what the most innovative institutions and educators worldwide are doing to prepare future engineers and industry leaders to effectively manage IP to grow their companies and the global economy as a whole.

Creating the engineer of 2020: Innovation at Eindhoven University of Technology
Engineering education is chronically challenged by dynamics in information technology, work environments, and the public's perception of the engineer's role in society.

Efforts to revive coal industry unlikely to work, may slow job growth
Current federal efforts to revive the coal industry will likely do more harm than good to fragile Appalachian communities transitioning from coal as a major source of employment, according to a study conducted by Indiana University researchers.

Eczema plus family history can mean a longer hospital stay for kids with asthma
Research being presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology's Annual Scientific Meeting examines the relationship between medical history and allergic reactions in children, and how long they stayed in the hospital after an asthma attack.

Zika virus infects developing brain by first infecting cells meant to defend against it
Researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil, report that the Zika virus is transmitted from mother to fetus by infected cells that, ironically, will later develop into the brain's first and primary form of defense against invasive pathogens.

Peat bogs defy the laws of biodiversity
EPFL scientists working with a team of researchers from across Europe have found that peat bogs, despite their low biodiversity, can effectively withstand both moderate and glacial climates.

National study aims to prove value of mobile stroke units
When treating stroke victims, every second counts. But in large cities, dense traffic can make it difficult to get a patient to the emergency room in a timely manner, and in rural areas, specialized care can be miles away.

A film research study shows how the brain reacts to difficult moral issues
The family relationship between film characters clearly affects the reactions in the viewers' brain.

Cell Biology: Cellular power outage
Protein aggregation is a hallmark of many neurodegenerative diseases. Even in normal cells, such deposits can accumulate in mitochondria, blocking energy production, but a newly described quality control system can mitigate the problem.

Dogs may protect against childhood eczema and asthma
Two studies being presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) Annual Scientific Meeting show there may be even more reason to love your dog as they may provide a protective effect against ezcema and asthma.

Winters on Mars are shaping the Red Planet's landscape
Winter temperatures on the Red Planet sublimate carbon dioxide from a gas to a solid.

Almost half of food allergies in adults appear in adulthood
New late-breaking research being presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting shows that almost half of all food-allergic adults surveyed reported one or more adult-onset food allergies.

Heavy metal thunder: Protein can be switched on to conduct electricity like a metal
About four years ago, Stuart Lindsay's research team got a lab result that even he couldn't quite believe.

Cancer trial led by University of Minnesota Medical School's Dr. Clark Chen shows promise
New data from a Phase I clinical trial led by Clark Chen, M.D., Ph.D., Lyle French Chair in Neurosurgery and Head of the University of Minnesota Medical School Department of Neurosurgery shows more than a quarter of patients with recurrent high-grade glioma, a form of brain cancer, were alive more than three years after treatment.

HIIT alters brain glucose metabolism in insulin resistant people
Researchers at the University of Turku, Finland, studied how high-intensity interval training (HIIT) alters the brain's glucose metabolism in physically inactive insulin resistant people.

Regular marijuana use linked to more sex, Stanford study finds
A study by investigators at the Stanford University School of Medicine indicates that, despite concerns among physicians and scientists that frequent marijuana use may impair sexual desire or performance, the opposite appears more likely to be the case.

Peatland plants adapting well to climate change, suggests study
They account for just three per cent of the Earth's surface but play a major role in offsetting carbon dioxide emissions -- and now a team of scientists led by the universities of Southampton and Utrecht has discovered that the plants that make up peat bogs adapt exceptionally well to climate change.

Revolutionizing the future of real-world, 'big data' cancer care: ASCO's CancerLinQ
Future Science Group (FSG) today announced the publication of an article in Future Oncology discussing the American Society of Clinical Oncology's (ASCO's) CancerLinQ (Cancer Learning Intelligence Network for Quality) real-world, rapid learning health system.

Easing refugees' trauma with psychotherapy
They are suffering from nightmares, flashbacks, depression, or anxiety disorders: refugees coming to Germany from conflict areas are frequently traumatized.

New study identifies mechanism bacteria use to attach to surfaces
A new study appearing in the journal Science shows that bacteria need the resistance to pilus retraction that occurs upon contact with a surface in order to sense surfaces and excrete the glue that makes them firmly adhere.

Artificial intelligence to evaluate brain maturity of preterm infants
University of Helsinki researchers have developed artificial intelligence software, which can evaluate the maturity of a preterm infant's brain directly from an EEG.

Guiding the random laser
At its most basic level, a random laser is precisely what its name implies; random.

'European Muslims perceive the EU more positively than other Europeans'
For the first time, the Cluster of Excellence analyses the attitudes of European Muslims towards the EU - Far less sceptical than other groups such as Christians and those without religious affiliation - Reason probably lies with their relatively higher life satisfaction in their host country - Religiosity does not seem to influence the attitudes of Muslims towards the EU - Experiencing discrimination however threatens positive attitudes.

Drexel researchers identify 'master regulator' involved in infant lung damage
Blocking the micro-RNA miR-34a significantly reduced bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in mice.

Newly discovered microRNA regulates mobility of tumor cells
Cancer cells can reactivate a cellular process that is an essential part of embryonic development.

Men lacking a caregiver face a greater risk of being placed in a nursing home after stroke
A Journal of the American Geriatrics Society study found that in men aged 65 and older who survived an ischemic stroke, the lack of an available caregiver was associated with triple the risk of nursing home placement within five years.

New study suggests 21 percent increase in childhood peanut allergy since 2010
New late-breaking research being presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting suggests that peanut allergy in children has increased 21 percent since 2010, and that nearly 2.5 percent of US children may have an allergy to peanuts.

Habitat restoration can maximize the benefits of marine protected areas
US researchers find that Marine Protected Areas can potentially subsidize harvested oyster populations via larval spillover -- however, these benefits can only be realized if harvested areas contain suitable habitat for larval settlement and survival.

Scientists unveil the water buffalo genome
An international team of researchers led by the University of Adelaide has published the full genome of the water buffalo -- opening the way for improved breeding and conservation of this economically important animal.

Dry mouth symptoms can be side effect of certain medications for older adults
For older adults, dry mouth can be a common side effect of prescribed medications.

A light in the dark: NASA sounding rocket probes the dark regions of space
Spread out over unfathomable distances, this cold, diffuse gas between galaxies -- called the intergalactic medium, or IGM for short -- hardly emits any light, making it difficult to study.

What pediatricians tell parents about early peanut introduction to prevent allergy
Guidelines to help parents introduce peanut-containing products to infants to prevent peanut allergies aren't being discussed by pediatricians.

Cosmetic surgery on social media -- Patients rate preferred social media sites and content
Plastic surgeons using social media to attract patients should know their audience's preferred social media platforms and the types of posts of greatest interest, according to a survey study in the November issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

Sharing experiences improves wellbeing of healthcare staff
Healthcare staff who regularly share the emotional, social or ethical challenges they face in the workplace experience less psychological distress, improved teamwork and increased empathy and compassion for patients and colleagues, a new study commissioned by the National Institute for Health Research reports.

Allergists examine 'webside manner'
Allergists are looking for ways to leverage technology to improve access to top quality medical care and maximize the patient experience.

New research findings could lead to safer and more powerful lithium-ion batteries
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers are working to improve conductivity and safety in the batteries, which are used to power many electronic devices around the world, including laptops, artificial hearts and cell phones.

TGen-UCSF study uses genomics to make treatment calls for recurrent glioblastoma patients
Several patients with recurring glioblastoma, a deadly brain cancer, survived for more than a year in a clinical trial believed to be the first to use comprehensive DNA and RNA sequencing of a patient's tumor to inform treatment for these patients in real-time.

Advanced artificial limbs mapped in the brain
EPFL scientists from the Center for Neuroprosthetics have used functional MRI to show how the brain re-maps motor and sensory pathways following targeted motor and sensory reinnervation (TMSR), a neuroprosthetic approach where residual limb nerves are rerouted towards intact muscles and skin regions to control a robotic limb.

FSU researcher: Modern civilization doesn't diminish violence
Modern civilization may not have dulled mankind's bloodlust, but living in a large, organized society may increase the likelihood of surviving a war, a Florida State University anthropology professor said.

NASA finds Tropical Storm Saola's strength off-center
Wind shear continued affecting Tropical Storm Saola and the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite saw strong storms west of the center of circulation.

An experimental model might shed new light on the development of brain cancer in children
Researchers of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) present in the journal Cancer Cell a novel laboratory model that replicates key hallmarks of pediatric high-grade glioma.

September 2017's intense solar activity viewed from space
September 2017 saw a spate of solar activity, with the Sun emitting 27 M-class and four X-class flares and releasing several powerful coronal mass ejections, or CMEs, between Sept.

How often does your heart skip a beat? The answer may explain why fewer blacks have AF than whites
Recent studies have determined that blacks have a lower risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) compared with whites despite having a higher prevalence of risk factors such as hypertension and heart failure.

Using networks to understand tissue-specific gene regulation
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have discerned that different tissue functions arise from a core biological machinery that is largely shared across tissues, rather than from their own individual regulators.

Nanomagnets levitate thanks to quantum physics
Quantum physicists in Oriol Romero-Isart's research group in Innsbruck show in two current publications that, despite Earnshaw's theorem, nanomagnets can be stably levitated in an external static magnetic field owing to quantum mechanical principles.

From Cellulose to 3-D Objects
In our modern world, eliminating plastics is inconceivable. Unfortunately, they do have disadvantages, including the formation of CO(2) in both production and combustion, depletion of fossil feedstocks, and growth of landfills.

Public awareness of atrial fibrillation is low
In a Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis study that surveyed the general public in 10 countries, only 48% of people were aware of atrial fibrillation (AF), which is lower than the awareness of other common diseases.

Emotional states discovered in fish
A research team led by Rui Oliveira, researcher at ISPA-Instituto Universitario, Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia and Champalimaud Research, discovered emotional states in fish.

The successful US/German satellite gravity mission GRACE comes to an end after 15 years
On March 17, 2002, the twin satellites of the NASA/German Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) were launched in order to make precise measurements of the Earth´s gravity field.

Blocking enzyme in normal cells may impede pancreatic cancer, Penn vet team shows
New findings from a University of Pennsylvania-led team offer a promising target for future therapies that could potentially root out even the well-hidden metastatic lesions that make pancreatic cancer so deadly.

Lifestyle changes, healthier population
For the last seven years, researchers in the UPV/EHU's Department of Physical and Sports Education have been studying the hypertensive population with excess weight/obesity and sedentary habits.

New patent will allow for the relief of chronic neuropathic pain
The company GB Sciences Inc. has obtained the exclusive global worldwide intellectual property license for this innovative solution, which is based on nanotechnology.

New pilot study: Montmorency tart cherry juice increased sleep time among participating adults ages 50+ by 1 hour and 24 minutes
Montmorency tart cherry juice increased sleep time among participating adults ages 50+ by 84 minutes.

Tropical forest reserves slow down global warming
National parks and nature reserves in South America, Africa and Asia, created to protect wildlife, heritage sites and the territory of indigenous people, are reducing carbon emissions from tropical deforestation by a third, and so are slowing the rate of global warming, a new study shows.

NASA finds new Tropical Storm Selma has heavy rain-making potential
Tropical Storm Selma formed in the Eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of El Salvador and NASA infrared satellite imagery revealed the storm has very cold cloud top temperatures indicating the potential for heavy rain.

Malaria parasite in the Americas is more genetically diverse than previously thought
Researchers discover that populations of Plasmodium vivax on the continent are as genetically diverse as in Southeast Asia, where malaria transmission is more frequent.

New molecule shows promise in HIV vaccine design
Researchers at the University of Maryland and Duke University have designed a novel protein-sugar vaccine candidate that, in an animal model, stimulated an immune response against sugars that form a protective shield around HIV.

Hand surgeons provide update on wild animal bites
Injuries from wild animals are relatively uncommon, with a risk of unusual infections and other potentially severe complications, according to a paper in the November issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

New treatments help those with mild, moderate and severe eczema
Although many adults with eczema develop the disease in childhood and carry it through life, a large number are first diagnosed in adulthood -- a trend being discussed at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) Annual Scientific Meeting.

The chemistry of Hollywood bloodbaths (video)
Fake blood is a staple of the Halloween horror film experience, but there's no one recipe to suit every filmmaker's needs.
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