Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 12, 2017
Military service members face unique and sustained threats to optimal brain health
Military service exposes soldiers to a unique set of physical challenges, including toxic chemicals and traumatic brain injury, which can have profound effects on their health and well-being.

Low sodium-DASH diet combination dramatically lowers blood pressure in hypertensive adults
A combination of reduced sodium intake and the DASH diet lowers blood pressure in adults with hypertension, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

E-cigarette vapor slows heart rate in mice
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as e-cigarettes, affect heart rhythm and cardiovascular function in mice, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Follow-up cholesterol testing reduces risk of reocurrence for heart attack and stroke patients
If you have a heart attack or stroke, it's important to get your 'bad' cholesterol measured by your doctor on a follow up visit.

Studying sleep's profound and extensive effects on brain function
Although the general benefits of a good night's sleep are well established, one-third of American adults do not get a sufficient amount of sleep.

Sexual activity rarely a heart-stopping activity
Sexual activity is rarely associated with sudden cardiac arrest, a life-threatening malfunction of the heart's electrical system causing the heart to suddenly stop beating, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Eating disorder treatments need to consider social, cultural implications of the illness
People in treatment for eating disorders are poorly served when it comes to addressing the cultural aspects of eating problems, according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA).

Innovative genetic and cellular techniques help identify multiple disease targets
Research released today highlights advances in the use of CRISPR-Cas9 and human induced pluripotent stem cell technologies to identify novel therapeutic targets for neurological disorders such as schizophrenia and addiction.

Risks for blood clot in a vein may rise with increased TV viewing
Risk for blood clot in a vein was higher in those who reported watching TV 'very often' compared with those who reported watching TV 'never or seldom.'

Research shows low chance of sudden cardiac arrest after sex
A small percentage of sudden cardiac arrest events are related to sexual activity, but survival rates in those cases remain low, according to a research letter published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017.

Program to reduce hospital readmissions linked with increased risk of death among HF patients
Implementation of a program designed to reduce hospital readmissions was associated with a reduction in the rate of readmissions, but also an increase in the rate of death among Medicare patients hospitalized with heart failure.

Federal policy to reduce re-hospitalizations is linked to increased mortality rates
Federal policymakers five years ago introduced the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program to spur hospitals to reduce Medicare readmission rates by penalizing them if they didn't.

Quality of stent procedures consistently good across US
Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or angioplasty, for blocked or narrowed arteries appear to fare equally well at hospitals ranked among the best in heart care by US News and World Report and at unranked hospitals.

Heart attack and stroke patients prescribed statin medication upon discharge have better outcomes
Patients with a prior history of heart attacks or stroke have better outcomes when cholesterol-lowering medications are used after they're discharged from the hospital, according to a new study from the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City.

Study ends debate over best way to prevent acute kidney failure post angiogram
Treatments commonly used to prevent acute kidney failure and its complications arising from common angiography procedures make no difference to health outcomes, a major new study has found.

Reduction in common heart hormone associated with improved outcomes and lower mortality
Heart failure patients discharged from the hospital with a reduced level of a common hormone produced by the heart had significantly lower rates of readmission and lower death rates, according to a new study conducted by researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City.

Heart's pumping function is not an indicator of heart failure survival rates
Contrary to popular practice, a measure of the heart's pumping function known as 'left ventricular ejection fraction' is not associated with the long-term outcomes of hospitalized heart failure patients, a UCLA-led study of Medicare patients has found.

Indiana University biologists create beetle with functional extra eye
The creation of three-eyed beetles through a new technique developed at Indiana University will provides scientists a new way to investigate the genetic mechanisms behind the evolutionary emergence of new physical traits.

Deadly combination in neurodegenerative diseases revealed
Aging is the key risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases, and accumulation of the protein TDP-43 in neurons is a pathological feature of frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
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