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Science News and Current Events for November 14, 2017


Potential new autism drug shows promise in mice
NitroSynapsin is intended to restore an electrical signaling imbalance in the brain found in virtually all forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Russian chemists developed a way to synthesize drugs from renewable precursors
The scientists of RUDN University together with their Russian colleagues have developed a new approach to the synthesis of benzofurans from cheap raw materials.
Shape-shifting agent targets harmful bacteria in the stomach
A new shape-shifting polymer can target and kill Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach without killing helpful bacteria in the gut.
'Muscles and money': What photos of men taken on the Tube say about modern day attraction
People still desire the traditional masculine values of muscles and money in the men they find attractive, according to new research.
Speedy collision detector could make robots better human assistants
A faster collision detection algorithm could enable robots to work more fluidly in the operating room or at home for assisted living.
How emotions influence our internal clock
A research team headed by Freiburg psychologist finds previously unknown effects.
Electron backscatter diffraction yields microstructure insights
Soft magnetic core engineering plays a key role in high-efficiency electric motors, but for higher-frequency applications, soft magnetic composites are also promising.
Study provides insights for combating devastating amphibian disease
Amphibian chytridiomycosis, caused by infection with the Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis fungus, is the most devastating vertebrate disease on record.
Essential quantum computer component downsized by two orders of magnitude
Qubits, the key building blocks at the heart of every quantum computer, are extremely sensitive to interference and need to be shielded from unwanted signals, for example by using so-called nonreciprocal devices.
Cornell study reveals why testicular cancer is so responsive to chemo
Cornell researchers have taken a major step toward answering a key question in cancer research: Why is testicular cancer so responsive to chemotherapy, even after it metastasizes?
Researchers reverse heart failure in Marfan mice
In experiments with mice that have a rodent form of Marfan syndrome, Johns Hopkins researchers report that even modestly increasing stress on the animals' hearts -- at levels well-tolerated in normal mice -- can initiate heart failure.
Monoclonal antibody prevents graft-vs-host disease in bone marrow transplantation model
New research provides preclinical proof-of-concept for the ability of PRO 140, a humanized anti-CCR5 monoclonal antibody under development by CytoDyn Inc., to effectively block the development of graft-versus-host disease, a potentially lethal complication of bone marrow stem cell transplantation.
Soft magnetic material characterizations get a harder look
In motors, generators and similar electric machines, the electrical current that powers them generates magnetic fields that magnetize some of the metallic components.
New study shows disadvantage for firms possessing celebrity and status
Research from the University of Notre Dame shows that possessing multiple social approval assets might not always be beneficial for firms.
A fast reactor system to shorten the lifetime of long-lived fission products
Researchers in Japan have proposed a more efficient method to reduce radioactive waste.
Stem cells express genes differently in the lab dish than in the body, study finds
Stem cells in the body have a significantly different gene-expression profile than do the same cells when they're isolated in a lab dish, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
If sitting is the new smoking, should employers be held liable?
Researchers have linked sitting for long periods of time to a number of health issues, including increased high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat and cholesterol.
Contracting white dwarf observed for the first time
Astrophysicists from MSU (Russia) and his colleagues from Italy and Russian Academy of Sciences have found the first observational evidence for a contracting white dwarf.
Female mongooses help their pups by driving out rivals
Mongoose mothers boost their pups' survival chances by evicting rival females from their social groups, new research shows.
Early trial of peanut patch for peanut allergy shows promise
A skin patch that delivered a high dose of peanut protein reduced peanut sensitivity in children and adults with peanut allergy, findings that warrant a phase 3 trial.
Microbiome transplants provide disease resistance in critically-endangered Hawaiian plant
A team of researchers at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa and the O'ahu Army Natural Resources Program transplanted microbes to restore the health of a critically endangered Hawaiian plant that, until now, had been driven to extinction in the wild and only survived in managed greenhouses under heavy doses of fungicide.
Confusion, different priorities may cause EMTALA violations
Legislation requires Medicare-participating emergency departments to give emergency care to everyone even if they don't have insurance, but violations of the law may be underreported, according to researchers.
Screen time might boost depression, suicide behaviors in teens
Increased time spent in front of a screen -- in the form of computers, cell phones and tablets -- might have contributed to a recent uptick in symptoms of depression and suicide-related behaviors and thoughts in American young people, especially girls.
The brain auditions different cells when learning a task, some don't make the cut
For decades, neuroscientists have wondered how the brain can continue to learn new skills without needing to grow in size or volume over a person's lifetime.
Researchers examine social identity threat and religion in the US
When people feel targeted because of their religious identity, they can experience a psychological threat that may undermine psychological well-being and increase prejudice toward other groups, according to a new study by Penn State psychologists.
Cognitive training enhanced innovative thinking and brain networks in older adults
Researchers at the Center for BrainHealth at UT Dallas have demonstrated in a pilot study that cognitive training improves innovative thinking, along with corresponding positive brain changes, in healthy adults over the age of 55.
Pregnancy-related conditions taken together leave moms -- and dads -- at risk
Scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre in Montreal show that the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure or heart disease post pregnancy is drastically higher if the women had both diabetes and high blood pressure while being pregnant.
Punctuation in text messages helps replace cues found in face-to-face conversations
Emoticons, irregular spellings and exclamation points in text messages aren't sloppy or a sign that written language is going down the tubes -- these 'textisms' help convey meaning and intent in the absence of spoken conversation, according to newly published research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.
Medicaid coverage for methadone improves treatment for opioid use disorder in pregnancy
Pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD) are more likely to receive evidence-based treatment with an 'opioid agonist' -- usually methadone -- in states where those medications are covered by Medicaid, reports a study in the December issue of Medical Care, published by Wolters Kluwer.
Introduction is different, but top medications for opioid addiction equally effective
A new study concludes that two of the top medications available for outpatient, office-based treatment, once initiated, are equally safe and effective in curtailing opioid use, relapse, treatment drop-out and overdose.
Businesses need better approach to compliance programs, IU research finds
Recent reports of sexual harassment committed by powerful men also highlight the failures of corporate compliance programs designed to protect employees.
Critical Care Recovery Center concept could benefit adult ICU survivors of all ages
A new study shows that the Critical Care Recovery Center, a care model originally developed by Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University Center for Aging Research scientists for older adults with dementia, could benefit ICU survivors of all ages.
Study finds 'black box' methods used by biologists probably overestimate number of new species
A study published in the journal Molecular Ecology demonstrates the misuse and abuse of methods scientists commonly use to place boundaries between different species.
Manganese dioxide shows potential in micromotors
Manganese dioxide could make the preparation of micromotors increasingly cost-effective, opening up new avenues for their use, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.
Quick! What's that smell? Mammal brains identify type of scent faster than once thought
It takes less than one-tenth of a second -- a fraction of the time previously thought -- for the sense of smell to distinguish between one odor and another, new experiments in mice show.
To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village
In search of new plant enzymes? Try looking in compost.
Legal implications of neuroscience research - Harvard Review of Psychiatry presents update
New research on the biological basis of psychiatric disorders has important implications for legal proceedings as well as mental health treatment, according to a special issue on 'Psychiatry, Neuroscience, and the Law,' presented in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry.
Later-borns choose less prestigious programmes at university
First-borns are more likely to study more prestigious subjects at university such as medicine and engineering and can thus expect greater earnings than later-borns, who turn to arts, journalism and teaching.
Sugary beverage consumption in US declining but remains high among certain groups
Consumption of sodas and other sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) fell for both children and adults between 2003 and 2014, according to a new study led by researchers from Harvard T.H.
Low dose, constant drip: Pharmaceutical & personal care pollution impacts aquatic life
Traditional toxicity testing underestimates the risk that pharmaceutical and personal care product pollution poses to freshwater ecosystems.
Zwicky Transient Facility sees 'first light'
A new robotic camera that can capture hundreds of thousands of stars and galaxies in a single shot has taken its first image -- an event astronomers refer to as 'first light.' The camera is the centerpiece of a new automated sky survey called the Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF), based at Caltech's Palomar Observatory.
Inducing first-time mums aged 35 and over earlier may reduce stillbirths and neonatal deaths
Offering low-risk first-time mothers aged 35 and over in the UK the chance to have their labour induced earlier than is currently recommended could reduce the number of perinatal deaths in this age group by 66 percent, according to new research published in the journal PLOS Medicine.
Study: Process used to select lung transplant patients may need to be changed
New research from the University of Maryland School of Medicine suggests that the system for choosing transplant recipients in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may underestimate how long a person might survive without a lung transplant and therefore, may mislead clinicians.
Making mosquitoes self-destruct
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have developed transgenic mosquitoes that stably express the Cas9 enzyme in their germline.
Voice impersonators can fool speaker recognition systems
Skilful voice impersonators are able to fool state-of-the-art speaker recognition systems, as these systems generally aren't efficient yet in recognising voice modifications, according to new research from the University of Eastern Finland.
Study in mice finds dietary levels of genistein may adversely affect female fertility
A new study of mice by scientists at the University of Illinois raises concerns about the potential impact that long-term exposure to genistein prior to conception may have on fertility and pregnancy.
Special Focus Issue of Immunotherapy explores the use of allergen-specific immunotherapy
Immunotherapy, a leading MEDLINE-indexed journal, published by Future Science Group, has released a special focus issue providing insights into the latest advances in allergen immunotherapy covering both environmental and food allergies, with the aim of directing the improvement and optimization of immunotherapy for allergy specific treatments.
With launch of new night sky survey, UW researchers ready for era of 'big data' astronomy
On Nov. 14, scientists with the California Institute of Technology, the University of Washington and eight additional partner institutions, announced that the Zwicky Transient Facility, the latest sensitive tool for astrophysical observations in the Northern Hemisphere, has seen 'first light' and took its first detailed image of the night sky.
Disease-resistant apples perform better than old favorites
You may not find them in the produce aisle yet, but it's only a matter of time before new disease-resistant apple cultivars overtake favorites like Honeycrisp in popularity, according to a University of Illinois apple expert.
Improvement in glycemic control among patients with diabetes may have plateaued
The improvement in glycemic control observed between 1998 and 2010 among patients with diabetes appears to have plateaued during 2007-2014.
Greater oversight of precursor chemicals at retail level needed to reduce threat from IEDs
Policymakers' efforts to reduce threats from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) should include greater oversight of precursor chemicals sold at the retail level -- especially over the Internet -- that terrorists, violent extremists, or criminals use to make homemade explosives, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Finding a key to unlock blocked differentiation in microRNA-deficient embryonic stem cells
In a study published in Stem Cell Reports, Rui Zhao and colleagues have partly solved a long-unanswered basic question about stem cells -- why are pluripotent stem cells that have mutations to block the production of microRNAs unable to differentiate?
Opioid treatment drugs have similar outcomes once patients initiate treatment
A study comparing the effectiveness of two pharmacologically distinct medications used to treat opioid use disorder -- a buprenorphine/naloxone combination and an extended release naltrexone formulation -- shows similar outcomes once medication treatment is initiated.
Risk perception of genome editing: Reservations and a great demand for information
For decades now, humans have been altering the genetic information of plants and animals in order to produce new varieties or strains.
Innovative and ideal liquid-repellent surfaces developed by HKU scientists
Professor Wang Liqiu at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, HKU Faculty of Engineering, developed a robust liquid-repellent structure and the fabrication of porous surfaces by an innovative microfluidic-droplet-based technique.
Development of new protein may lead to novel treatment options for cancer, birth defects
Researchers have engineered an artificial protein that may block malignant properties of cancer cells as well as correct certain birth defects.
Stem cell therapy shows promise for common cause of blindness
Results from two early clinical trials show that it may be possible to use human embryonic stem cells as treatment for the dry form of macular degeneration, according to presentations given today at AAO 2017, the 121st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
New player in Alzheimer's disease pathogenesis identified
Scientists have shown that a protein called membralin is critical for keeping Alzheimer's disease pathology in check.
Heart failure in methamphetamine users: Could this be the next epidemic among vets?
Heart failure associated with methamphetamine use is on the rise among US veterans.
Vitamin D linked to better live birth rates in women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment
Researchers are calling for a randomized clinical trial to investigate the potential role of vitamin D supplementation in improving live birth rates following assisted reproduction treatment (ART).
Physicists mix waves on superconducting qubits
Artificial atoms are a staple of quantum optics experiments. Physicists closely investigate these systems recently: they turned a single artificial atom into a laser, learned to control single photon.
New study 'sheds light' on sun's role in mitigating fungal disease of mango fruit
The occurrence of stem end rot (SER) during storage means major losses for mango fruit growers and suppliers.
In bee decline, fungicides emerge as improbable villain
When a Cornell-led team of scientists analyzed two dozen environmental factors to understand bumblebee population declines and range contractions, they expected to find stressors like changes in land use, geography or insecticides.
Oral bacteria in the gut could drive immune cell induction and inflammatory bowel disease
Professor Hattori and Professor Kenya Honda of Keio University School of Medicine led research to investigate the relationship between salivary microbes and IBD, and they found that when the bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae colonizes in an intestine out of microbial balance, immune cells called T helper 1 (TH1) become overactive in the gut, resulting in intestinal inflammation leading to the onset of IBD.
Comprehensive health study in India finds rise of non-communicable diseases
A new state-by-state health analysis in India finds that over two decades heart- and lung-related conditions, as well as other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), have surpassed infectious diseases, such as diarrhea and tuberculosis, as the nation's leading killers.
Pregnant Asian women who develop high blood pressure at highest risk for heart failure hospitalization
Women who develop high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to experience heart problems within a few years of giving birth, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.
Technological advances in brain stimulation expand uses for research and treatment
Advances in brain stimulation are transforming how neuroscientists study the brain and guiding novel approaches to the treatment of disease.
Studies uncover the hard-hitting consequences of sports-related head injuries
Playing contact sports can injure the brain even if head impacts don't result in concussions, according to new research presented today at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.
Additive manufacturing and sustainability: The environmental implications of 3-D printing
In a new special issue, Yale's Journal of Industrial Ecology presents the cutting-edge research on this emerging field, providing important insights into its environmental, energy, and health impacts.
Caregivers of child support beneficiaries at risk for depression
A key finding of a study on child support grant beneficiaries and their families in South Africa shows high rates of depression among caregivers of children under 8 years, who are largely women.
Ibuprofen may block damage from fetal-alcohol exposure
An anti-inflammatory drug may have the potential to stall the damaging effects of alcohol on the fetal brain, a new study suggests.
Many hospitalized heart patients not getting protective statin medications upon discharge
While patients who are discharged from the hospital after treatment for heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, or peripheral artery disease, should be on statin medications to reduce their risk of reoccurrence, very few of them remain on the drugs long-term -- and many never even receive a statin prescription, according to a new study.
Engineering tomorrow's responsive, adaptable neuroprosthetics and robots
Advanced prosthetic limbs and eyes as well as brain-machine interfaces are harnessing existing neural circuitry to improve the quality of life for people with sensory impairment, according to studies presented today at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health.
Cognitive behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with OCD works in the long run
The vast majority of children and adolescents who receive cognitive behavioural therapy treatment for OCD thrive and live without symptoms a year after the end of treatment.
Study: Parents help shape how much pain preschoolers feel after vaccination
New research from York University's OUCH Cohort at the Faculty of Health found that the amount of distress and pain felt by a preschooler during a vaccination is strongly related to how to their parents help them cope before and during an appointment.
Study suggests the body is central to identity manipulation in call center work
New research highlights the politics of 'identity work' where Indian call center workers manipulate their cultural identities to sell a global service.
Australian workers who smoke hit national pocketbook
Smoking among the working population is predicted to cost Australia an estimated $340 billion in lost productivity, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.
Saving Cavendish: QUT grows world-first Panama disease-resistant bananas
QUT researchers have developed and grown modified Cavendish bananas resistant to the devastating soil-borne fungus Fusarium wilt tropical race 4 (TR4), also known as Panama disease.
An atlas of the heart: Proteome of the human heart mapped for the first time
A healthy heart beats about two billion times during a lifetime - thanks to the interplay of more than 10,000 proteins.
Paper: 'No money down' bankruptcies prevalent among the poor, minorities
Bankruptcy attorneys are increasingly encouraging clients to file for the more expensive 'no money down' option of Chapter 13 bankruptcy -- a tactic that's used more often with blacks than with whites, according to research co-written by Robert M.
Three decades of responding to infectious disease outbreaks
In 1984, Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, testified before Congress showing a world map annotated with a single emerging infectious disease threat, HIV/AIDS.
Insurance linked to black-white survival disparities in colorectal cancer
Health insurance coverage differences account for nearly one-half of the black-white survival disparity in colorectal cancer patients, according to a new study.
The only detox you'll ever need (video)
People talk all the time about how they need to 'detox.' And there's a line of companies a mile long waiting to sell you juices and smoothies that claim to cleanse your body of harmful toxins.
Does clinical evaluation plus noninvasive cardiac testing improve outcomes?
Ordering coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) or stress testing for patients with chest pain in the emergency department appeared to prolong their stay and increase use of hospital resources without benefit if the patients' history and physical exam, ectrocardiogram (ECG) and blood testing were already normal.
Multifunctional fluorescent nanoparticles for cancer surgery show promise
Even with pre-operative imaging techniques, surgeons still rely on visual inspection to locate malignant tissues during surgery.
Does unhealthy weight before pregnancy increase the risk for severe illness or death for the mother?
Being over- or underweight before pregnancy was associated with a small increased risk of severe maternal illness or death.
Pesticides may cause bumblebees to lose their buzz, study finds
Pesticides significantly reduce the number of pollen grains a bumblebee is able to collect, a new University of Stirling study has found.
It's (not) complicated: 'Friends of friends' relationships may be simpler than they seem
Not only are immediate friendships an important aspect of our life, but so are our extended acquaintances and friends' of friends connections, according to new Oxford University research.
Study documents ethnic and gender differences in youths' developing gender identity
The extent to which youths feel typical of their gender and the pressure they feel to conform to traditional gender roles are related to adolescents' well-being.
A new strategy for prevention of liver cancer development
Primary liver cancer is now the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and its incidences and mortality are increasing rapidly in the United Stated.
Are multiple H-coils needed to accurately measure magnetic field strengths?
Is more always better? Researchers in Kyoto, Japan, sought to find out if that was the case for measuring magnetic field strengths.
From southeast Asia to the sewers: Study determines new geographical origins of brown rats
an international research team of more than 20 institutions has performed the largest, whole genome DNA sequencing of 110 wild brown rats from across the world.
Expanding geographic sharing of donor kidneys would increase transplants, study finds
Based on their analysis, the researchers suggest that changing how so-called lower quality kidneys are allocated geographically could result in anywhere from 58 additional to 174 additional kidney transplants per year to help more patients get off dialysis treatments and live more normal lives.
Aspirin can prevent heart attacks after noncardiac surgery in patients with prior PCI
A Canadian-led study has found that perioperative aspirin can prevent heart-related complications after major noncardiac surgery in patients with previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) such as an angioplasty or stent.
Research finds injury from contact sport has harmful, though temporary effect on memory
McMaster University neuroscientists studying sports-related head injuries have found that it takes less than a full concussion to cause memory loss, possibly because even mild trauma can interrupt the production of new neurons in a region of the brain responsible for memory.
More stress and lower survival rates for birds in young, managed forests
Birds experience less stress during the winter months when they shelter in old forests rather than in younger, managed plantations suggests new research.
New study compares sexual practices among older and younger HIV-infected women
A new study that compared HIV-positive women over 50 years of age with their younger HIV-infected cohorts found that while the older women were less likely to be sexually active and to report condomless sex with a male partner, those who were sexually active were not as likely to undergo screening for gonorrhea, chlamydia, or syphilis than their younger counterparts.
Vegan diet as lifestyle choice and the need for risk communication
Tofu sausages on the barbecue, followed by cake made with bananas instead of eggs?
Study offers detailed insight into early-life behavior of grey seal pups at sea
Male and female grey seal pups show distinct behavioural differences as they learn to forage effectively in the early stages of their independence, according to new research led by the University of Plymouth in conjunction with the Sea Mammal Research Unit at the University of St Andrews and Abertay University.
Parasitic plants rely on unusual method to spread their seeds
Three species of non-photosynthetic plants rely mainly on camel crickets to disperse their seeds, according to new research from Project Associate Professor Suetsugu Kenji (Kobe University Graduate School of Science).
Dresden scientists develop a sensor for the most important human cancer gene
The molecular smoke detector works like a TP53 sensor, which monitors the correct function of the gene.
Psoriasis severity linked to increased risk of type 2 diabetes
People with psoriasis are at a higher risk to develop type 2 diabetes than those without psoriasis, and the risk increases dramatically based on the severity of the disease.
High speed video recording precisely measures blood cell velocity
Scientists from ITMO University created a high-speed video capillaroscopy system that enables direct measurement of red blood cell velocity.
Global birth season study links environment with disease risk
A new study sheds light on connections between birth month and risk for certain diseases.
Yerba mate's beneficial effects on cellular energy and lipid metabolism linked to weight
Researchers have shown that use of the dietary supplement yerba mate over an extended period had significant effects on body weight and weight gain and was associated with lower levels of blood lipids and insulin in obese mice fed a high-fat diet.
HPV testing is better than the Pap test at detecting cervical cancer
A new paper in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute finds that testing for cervical cancer using HPV testing in addition to the Pap smear is unlikely to detect cancer cases that wouldn't be found using HPV testing alone.
Food supplements
The Aloe genus comprises approximately 250 species of succulent dry climate plants (xerophytes).
Artificially cooling planet 'risky strategy,' new research shows
Proposals to reduce the effects of global warming by imitating volcanic eruptions could have a devastating effect on global regions prone to either tumultuous storms or prolonged drought, new research has shown.
Queen's researchers make killer superbug breakthrough
Researchers at Queen's University Belfast together with the University of Vienna have discovered that treatment for the antibiotic resistant bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae could lie within our bodies' natural defences.
Study settles prehistoric puzzle, confirms modern link of carbon dioxide & global warming
Fossil leaves from Africa resolve a prehistoric climate puzzle and confirm the link between carbon dioxide and global warming.
Stress faced by emergency call handlers damaging to long term health
The stress experienced by emergency call handlers negatively impacts on their long term psychological well being, a new report in the journal PeerJ reports.
World's longest sauropod dinosaur trackway brought to light
In 2009, the world's largest dinosaur tracks were discovered in the French village of Plagne, in the Jura Mountains.
Quantum computing with molecules for a quicker search of unsorted databases
Scrapbooks or social networks are collections of mostly unsorted data.
Clinicians need a clear definition of severe asthma for precise management
An article in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, guides medical professionals through the principles involved in using these new treatments for severe asthma.
Researchers reveal new insights into why sleep is good for our memory
Researchers at the University of York have shed new light on sleep's vital role in helping us make the most of our memory.
New technology makes artificial intelligence more private and portable
Technology developed at the University of Waterloo is paving the way for artificial intelligence (AI) to break free of the internet and cloud computing.
Why can hot water freeze faster than cold water?
A team of researchers from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, the Universidad de Extremadura and the Universidad de Sevilla have defined a theoretical framework that could explain the Mpemba effect, a counterintuitive physical phenomenon revealed when hot water freezes faster than cold water.
Evidence-based approach to treating post-delivery pain in new moms during opioid crisis
Women who undergo vaginal delivery often do not require opioids to manage pain after hospital discharge, concludes a study published in Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).
Vitamin D linked with better live birth rates in women undergoing assisted reproduction
Researchers are calling for a randomised clinical trial to be carried out to investigate the potential role of vitamin D supplementation in improving live birth rates following assisted reproduction treatment (ART).
Aggressive testing provides no benefit to patients in ER with chest pain
Patients who go to the ER with chest pain often receive unnecessary tests to evaluate whether they are having a heart attack, a practice that provides no clinical benefit and adds hundreds of dollars in health-care costs, according to new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Flower attracts insects by pretending to be a mushroom
The mysterious flowers of Aspidistra elatior are found on the southern Japanese island of Kuroshima.
Researchers take next step toward fusion energy
Fusion is the process that powers the sun, harnessing it on Earth would provide unlimited clean energy.
Defects in cell's 'waste disposal system' linked to Parkinson's
Research points at a group of lysosomal storage disorder genes as potential major contributors to the onset and progression of Parkinson's disease.
RUDN scientists synthesized analogues of substances actively used in pharmaceutics
RUDN University chemists synthesized new isoquinoline derivatives. Due to their biological activity, these compounds may be applicable in new drugs, from antispasmodics to bactericidal agents.
Obesity association reacts to discrimination regarding surgery basis of body mass index
A UK obesity charity has objected strongly to the decision by health bodies in the UK restricting access to surgery on the basis of body mass index, calling it discriminatory.

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