Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 27, 2017
US companies are investing less in science
A new article reveals that large corporations are investing less in science.

New HIV guideline outlines cost-effective prevention strategies for high-risk people
A new Canadian guideline outlines how new biomedical strategies to prevent HIV infection can best be used in high-risk populations both before and after exposure to the virus.

SLU researchers discover BRCA cancer cells' last defense
Researchers hope their findings may lead to improved chemotherapy drugs and shed light on why some cells develop chemotherapy resistance.

Blood lead levels lower, but tooth decay higher in children who do not drink tap water
American children and adolescents who do not drink tap water, which is typically fluoridated, are much more likely to have tooth decay, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Long-haired microbes named after Canadian band Rush
Three new species of microbe found in the guts of termites have been named after members of the Canadian prog-rock band Rush, owing to the microbes' long hair and rhythmic wriggling under the microscope.

Trigger for most common form of vision loss discovered
Researchers have discovered a critical trigger for the damaging inflammation that causes macular degeneration and ultimately robs millions of their sight.

Researchers identify information gaps about opioid antidote naloxone
A new systematic review of evidence by clinicians and researchers at OHSU in Portland, Oregon, reveals important gaps in knowledge about the safety and effectiveness of widespread off-label use of naloxone among patients, families, friends and emergency responders.

Women may be more vulnerable to concussions because of 'leaner' nerve fibers, Penn study
Women have smaller, more breakable nerve fibers in the brain compared to men that may make them more susceptible to concussions, suggests a new study from Penn Medicine neuroscientists published online today in the journal Experimental Neurology.

New pain treatment tested in humans
Nerve growth factor signals through receptors of the tropomyosin-related kinase (Trk) family, and research in animals has shown that inhibitors of Trks A, B, and C can reduce pain.

Garlic can fight chronic infections
In a new study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen use a compound from garlic to destroy biofilm of resistant bacteria and make antibiotics work again.

New studies show brain impact of youth football
School-age football players with a history of concussion and high impact exposure undergo brain changes after one season of play, according to two new studies being presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

New study links proposed changes in US tax laws to rich-poor gap and mortality rates
In a new study published in Preventive Medicine, Daniel Kim, MD, DrPH, examined actual and recently proposed tax policies and projected how these policies could affect the total number of deaths in the United States, determining that only policies that considerably raise top federal income tax rates and redistribute tax revenue to lower-income households are likely to bring large reductions in the total number of Americans that die annually.

Nodding raises likability and approachability
The act of nodding positively affects the subjective likability of people by about 30 percent and their approachability by 40 percent, according to a study conducted by researchers from Hokkaido University and Yamagata University in Japan.

New discovery to accelerate development of salt-tolerant grapevines
A recent discovery by Australian scientists is likely to improve the sustainability of the Australian wine sector and significantly accelerate the breeding of more robust salt-tolerant grapevines.

First proper motions measured of stars in a small galaxy outside the Milky Way
By combining data from the Hubble Space Telescope and the Gaia mission, University of Groningen astronomers have been able to measure the proper motion of 15 stars in the Sculptor Galaxy, the first such measurement outside the Milky Way.

Stem cells in intestinal lining may shed light on behavior of cancer cells
The lining of the intestines -- the epithelium -- does more than absorb nutrients from your lunch.

UK obesity levels among the worst in Europe -- heart disease statistics from more than 45 countries
A decline in deaths from heart attack and stroke in high income countries could be threatened by rising rates of obesity and diabetes, according to a study from the European Society of Cardiology with a leading contribution from Barts Heart Centre, Queen Mary University of London.

Self-help book works to combat burnout and stress -- without a therapist
Around a third of all employees find their work stressful.

Radiology offers clues in cases of domestic abuse and sexual assault
Radiologic signs of injury could help identify victims of intimate partner violence, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Long-term logging study demonstrates impacts on chimpanzees and gorillas (Republic of Congo)
Research has shown human disturbance can have detrimental effects on great ape populations but now, due to a study published in Biological Conservation on Nov.

Researchers conduct novel wheat microbiome analysis under four management strategies
Molecular biologists Gdanetz and Trail of Michigan State University conducted a novel study on the microbial composition of wheat leaves, stems, and roots under four management strategies: conventional, no-till, organic, and reduced chemical inputs.

MS patients who adhere to treatment have higher health costs-and better outcomes
Researchers examined the insurance claims and medical records of 681 patients with multiple sclerosis and found those who adhered to medication schedules had significantly better physical outcomes than patients who did not, although the total overall costs for their care were higher.

Research reveals the scale at which Earth's mantle composition varies
A new study by geochemists from Brown University suggests that Earth's upper mantle varies in composition over kilometer-sized pockets.

Haze pollution affects satellite cloud detection
Scientists compare cloud detection from four sensors onboard the 'A-Train' satellite constellation during two severe haze episodes in winter 2015-2016 and suggest that in severe haze weather the cloud product of MODIS should be used with caution.

Estimates of recreational use values may remain stable over decades, finds UM research
Recently published work by a cooperative team of researchers, including participants from the University of Montana and the USGS Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center, reports the economic value that private boaters of the Grand Canyon assigned to their recreational experience remained relatively stable between 1985 and 2015 when adjusted for inflation.

Research on viral load of HIV patients reveals new cohort at risk of therapy failure
The findings indicate that the current WHO-defined threshold for virological failure fails to identify a large subset of patients who are at increased risk of poor outcomes of ART, and that clinical interventions should take place at lower viral loads than those proposed by the current WHO guidelines.

Johns Hopkins biologist leads team that unlocks mystery of protein function
Scientists have cracked a key part of the mystery surrounding intrinsically disordered proteins, which emerged as a distinct type fewer than 30 years ago.

Reimagining autonomy in reproductive medicine
New Hastings Center special report examines what 'just reproduction' looks like in light of increasingly complex and costly reproductive technologies and other factors.

Radiologists detect injury patterns of intimate partner violence
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital present data at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) from a study that reveals new ways that radiologists can be involved in the care of victims of intimate partner violence (IPV).

Novice pilots improve visual responses to simulation by watching experts' eye movements
Novice military pilots can improve their visual responses to a simulated emergency procedure by observing the eye movements of expert pilots.

Deaths during childbirth reduce by half
In their latest report a team of academics, clinicians and charity representatives, called MBRRACE-UK, has looked at the quality of care for stillbirths and neonatal deaths of babies born at term who were alive at the onset of labor, singletons (sole births) and who were not affected by a major congenital anomaly.

Worried about holiday weight gain? your scale isn't giving you the whole picture
'Weighing patients or using blood tests to detect changes, hasn't, until now, given us accurate pictures, literally, of how different fat deposits are impacted disproportionately by diet and exercise,' says Prof.

All missions on board for NASA heliophysics research
Scientists have been studying the near-Earth environment for the better part of a century, but many mysteries -- like where the energetic particles that pervade the area originate and become energized -- still remain.

Researchers uncover link between immune function and osteoarthritic pain and progression
The study, published in the medical journal Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, found that monocytes, the white blood cells necessary to regulate immune responses, were more activated and pro-inflammatory in women with osteoarthritis, and that elevated inflammation and body mass index were associated with this increased activation.

As access to legal marijuana increases, Kaiser Permanente researchers explore patient use
About 1 in 7 adult primary care patients visiting medical offices reported having used marijuana at least once in the past year, according to a study conducted by Kaiser Permanente researchers since Washington state legalized nonmedical cannabis use in 2014.

Neurofeedback shows promise in treating tinnitus
Researchers using functional MRI (fMRI) have found that neurofeedback training has the potential to reduce the severity of tinnitus or even eliminate it, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Bridging the 'practice science gap' to optimize restoration projects
As restoration projects throughout Massachusetts and the country focus on restoring natural ecosystems, researchers are looking for ways to better bridge the 'practice science gap' between practitioners and biodiversity research in an effort optimize these types of projects.

US arthritis prevalence is much higher than current estimates
New research indicates that the prevalence of arthritis in the United States has been substantially underestimated, especially among adults <65 years old.

A series of fortunate events
Volcanism is sometimes like food poisoning, where the Earth spews forth unstable material.

Study: People in high-deductible plans aren't acting like consumers, may need more help
More and more Americans have health insurance that requires them to open their wallets for the first few thousand dollars' worth of care they receive every year, before the insurance coverage kicks in.

Promising target for treating brain tumors in children
Findings published in Oncotarget offer new hope for children with highly aggressive brain tumors like atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) and medulloblastoma.

Cells bulge to squeeze through barriers
Duke scientists have discovered a new tool in the cell's invasion machinery that may help explain cancer's ability to spread.

Amputees can learn to control a robotic arm with their minds
A new study by neuroscientists at the University of Chicago shows how amputees can learn to control a robotic arm through electrodes implanted in the brain.

As climate warms, mice morph
New research by McGill University biologists shows that milder winters have led to physical alterations in two species of mice in southern Quebec in the past 50 years -- providing a textbook example of the consequences of climate change for small mammals.

Neuroimaging of soccer fans' brain reveals neural basis of ingroup altruistic motivation
Study published in Nature's Scientific Reports journal reveals for the first time the brain functioning involved in altruistic motivation among soccer fans - a 'natural group' that shows strong bonds in real-life settings.

New study finds mycobacteria can sense presence of proteins that cause disease
The study could help researchers identify how to tone down the ability of mycobacteria to cause disease and help them in treating infection.

Experts urge Europe to start planning for lung cancer screening
Leading lung cancer specialists are urging EU countries to take action to initiate life-saving lung cancer screening programs as soon as possible.

As private funding of biomedical research soars, new risks arise
Academic medical centers (AMCs) in the US are navigating an increasing shift in research funding from historic public funding (e.g., NIH) to private sources such as pharma and biotech companies, foundations, and charities, raising a host of new issues related to collaborative research models, intellectual property rights, and scientific and ethical oversight.

Highly charged molecules behave paradoxically
Chemistry researchers have now discovered how certain small biomolecules attach to one another.

Asthma in infant boys may eventually be preventable
A new University of Alberta study shows that the family risk for asthma -- typically passed from moms to babies -- may not be a result of genetics alone: it may also involve the microbes found in a baby's digestive tract.

Unforeseen new drug target discovered for acute myeloid leukemia
A study reported in Nature has found an unexpected new drug target for acute myeloid leukemia that could open new avenues to develop effective treatments against this potentially lethal disease.

Mothers of teens with autism report higher levels of stress, but optimism can be a buffer
Jan Blacher, a distinguished professor in the Graduate School of Education at the University of California, Riverside, found mothers of teenagers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disability (ID) reported higher levels of stress and other negative psychological symptoms -- think depression or anxiety -- than mothers of teenagers with typical development (TD).

'Dark matter' discoveries could shine light on new treatments for diseases
A microbial 'seed bank' discovered in the Atacama desert offers new hope in the search for antibiotics.

Fear of sharks influences seaweed growth on Fijian coral reefs
Fishes' fear of sharks helps shape shallow reef habitats in the Pacific, according to new research by a scientist at Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences.

Patients diagnosed with AF who seek cardiologist care more likely to survive first year
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is growing to epidemic proportions worldwide. Investigators, hypothesizing that patients who received comprehensive cardiovascular care had a greater likelihood of survival during the first year following their initial diagnosis, found that cardiologist care was associated with a 32 percent lower death rate.

Quest for new medicines could be helped by cell discovery
Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have made a key discovery that could speed up the production of cells in the lab for studying diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease.

Removing chemical used to make Teflon-like coatings has led to fewer low birth weights and less brain damage
Government and industry efforts since 2003 to phase out chemicals used to make non-stick coatings, such as Teflon, have prevented more than 118,000 low-weight births and related brain damage in the United States.

When physics gives evolution a leg up by breaking one
With no biological program to drive it, nascent multicellular clusters adopt a lifecycle thanks to the physics of their stresses.

Male trout are now real males again
The media has been telling us about feminised male fish for decades, but now researchers at SDU announce that this feminisation has completely disappeared in certain parts of Denmark.

Turning emissions into fuel
Turning pollution into fuel: A new MIT method could be used to transform greenhouse gases into useful fuels and chemicals, right at the power plant.

Flip side of innovation: What causes doctors to scale back on the use of medical practices
To better understand the process of 'exnovation,' or the scaling-back of expensive medical treatments for certain medical practices, researchers at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice studied nearly 10,000 physicians who performed carotid revascularization -- a surgical procedure used to reduce the risk of stroke by correcting narrowing in the carotid artery -- on elderly Medicare patients between 2006-2013.

Flamingo feces and their way of walking stimulate organic matter filtering in saline wetlands
A group of researchers led by the University of Granada has analysed the role flamingos play in microbial processes at the Fuente de Piedra lake during a wet and a dry hydrological year.

In harm's way
Researchers demonstrate that about half of hydraulically fractured wells exist within 2 to 3 kilometers of domestic groundwater systems

NUS scientists develop artificial photosynthesis device for greener ethylene production
A team of scientists from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed a prototype device that mimics natural photosynthesis to produce ethylene gas using only sunlight, water and carbon dioxide.

Endogenous protein reverses scarring in the lungs
Heidelberg scientists discover a new DNA repair mechanism.

Archaeologist says fire, not corn, key to prehistoric survival in arid Southwest
University of Cincinnati archaeologist Alan Sullivan found scant evidence that people grew corn around the Grand Canyon 1,200 years ago.

Identifying optimal adaptation of buildings threatened by hurricanes, climate change
In a paper, recently published in the ASCE Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Dan M.

Increased oral pathogens, decreased bacterial diversity predict precancerous stomach cancer lesions
Elevated pathogen colonization and a lack of bacterial diversity in the mouth were identified in people with precancerous lesions that could precede stomach cancer, finds a new study led by New York University College of Dentistry and New York University School of Medicine.

Laws of attraction: Pollinators use multiple cues to identify flowers across continents
Although at least 75 percent of our crop species depend on animal pollinators, little is known about their flower preferences.

Taste it, you'll like it
New research has led to a model that assesses the short- and long-term effects of in-store product sampling on sales of both the products offered on sample and competitive products.

New technique can detect impurities in ground beef within minutes
Researchers at the University of British Columbia have found a better way to identify unwanted animal products in ground beef.

Turning photos into an interactive experience
Computer scientists at Tel-Aviv University collaborated with researchers at Facebook to develop a new computational technique that makes it possible for users to animate still images in a highly realistic way.

UBC study finds family-friendly overpasses are needed to help grizzly bears
Researchers have determined how female grizzly bears keep their cubs safe while crossing the Trans-Canada Highway.

'Negative emotions' linked to higher rates of opioid use in sickle cell disease
In a small study using data from daily electronic patient diaries, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have found a link between negative emotions, such as sadness and anxiety, and higher opioid use in people with sickle cell disease whose pain levels were self-reported as relatively low.

Incidence of brain injury in babies estimated for first time using routine NHS data
New research has estimated that each year five babies in every 1,000 born in England suffer a condition or sign linked to brain injury.

New method benchmarks organic mixed conductors
Researchers used new materials in organic electrochemical transistors to test and compare their performances for different applications.

Some men confuse sexual interest with consent regardless of the situation, new study shows
Some men tend to confuse sexual interest with consent, regardless of the situation, according to a new paper co-written by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

BGRF trustees present at Financial Times and The Economist Longevity Conferences
Biogerontology Research Foundation Trustee Dmitry Kaminskiy and Chief Science Officer Alex Zhavoronkov spoke at the Aging and Longevity Panel at the Financial Times Global Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Conference on Nov.

Is patient satisfaction lower when physicians deny requests for services?
An observational study of outpatients visiting a family physician at an academic health center.

Tracking down genetic influences on brain disorders
New findings will help to identify the genetic causes of brain disorders: researchers at the Universities of Basel, Bonn and Cologne have presented a systematic catalog of specific variable locations in the genome that influence gene activity in the human hippocampus, as they report in the journal Nature Communications.

New strategy for multiple myeloma immunotherapy
Cancer-specific proteins have been identified for the development of monoclonal antibody (mA)-based therapies, but there remains a need to uncover new targets, especially in cancers that are prone to relapses, such as multiple myeloma (MM).

York U research finds children show implicit racial bias from a young age
In three separate studies with over 350 five- to 12-year-old white children, York University researchers found that children show an implicit pro-white bias when exposed to images of both white and black children.

Studying heat transfer with computers is easier now
New research will enable heat transfer to be studied more accurately and efficiently using powerful super computers, thereby opening up interesting application and research perspectives.

Hubble and Gaia team up to measure 3-D stellar motion with record-breaking precision
A team of astronomers used data from both the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and ESA's Gaia satellite to directly measure the 3-D motions of individual stars in a nearby galaxy.

Drug-delivering nanoparticles seek and destroy elusive cancer stem cells
University of Illinois researchers are sending tiny drug-laden nanoparticles on a mission to seek and destroy cancer stem cells, the elusive and rare cells that can cause cancer to come back even when years have passed since the initial tumor was treated.

New computational method introduced for lighting in computer graphics
Computing lighting that looks real remains complex and inefficient, as the necessary consideration of all possible paths light can take remains too costly to be performed for every pixel in real-time.

Autism and the smell of fear
Autism typically involves the inability to read social cues. We most often associate this with visual difficulty in interpreting facial expression, but new research at the Weizmann Institute of Science suggests that the sense of smell may also play a central role in autism.

Sharks evolved aircraft-like attributes to suit habitats
Researchers report that shark species have evolved diverse physical attributes to help them thrive in different ocean ecosystems.

Columbia dermatologist develops a molecular taxonomy for hair disorders
A research team from Columbia University has taken the first steps toward bringing a genomic strategy into dermatology.

Dark ocean bacteria discovered to play large role in carbon capture
Marine bacteria that live in the dark depths of the ocean play a newly discovered and significant role in the global carbon cycle, according to a new study published in Science.

How bat brain tracks prey
The bat midbrain is uniquely organized to facilitate rapid integration of sensory and motor information required for tracking prey using biological sonar, according to neural recordings of wild bats obtained during laboratory experiments described in JNeurosci.

Activity descriptors for electrocatalysts in energy storage applications
Energy storage technologies, such as fuel cells, ammonia production and lithium-air batteries, are important strategies for addressing the global challenge of energy crisis and environmental pollution.

Batteries with better performance and improved safety
Researchers from Empa and the University of Geneva have developed a prototype of a novel solid sodium battery with the potential to store extra energy.

Small numbers of churches embrace same-sex marriage
Researchers at the Universities of York and Leeds have found that the majority of places of worship that permit same-sex marriage carry out small numbers of ceremonies, with just over half having actually married a couple.

New microscope sets a record for visualizing surface wetting properties
New microscope sets a record for visualizing surface wetting properties.

Physicist assumes the possibility of vestiges of an Universe previous to the Big Bang
In an article published in General Relativity and Gravitation, Brazilian researcher proposes to eliminate the need for cosmological spacetime singularity and argues that the current expansion phase was preceded by contraction.

Mount Sinai scientists identify novel therapeutic targets for metastatic melanoma
Mount Sinai researchers have identified novel therapeutic targets for metastatic melanoma, according to a study published in Molecular Cell.

Less life: Limited phosphorus recycling suppressed early Earth's biosphere
The amount of biomass -- life -- in Earth's ancient oceans may have been limited due to low recycling of the key nutrient phosphorus, according to new research by the University of Washington and the University of St.

Taming charybdis: Controlling a vortex using polymers
OIST scientists were able to create and study a vortex in the laboratory.

Get'em while they're hot
Researchers from Australia's Monash University business school have shown that providing real-time cues about the number of items sold and current levels of stock - easily presentable in the digital age - can be a viable retailing strategy, even for offline merchants.

Cancer drug starts clinical trials in human brain-cancer patients
A drug that spurs cancer cells to self-destruct has been cleared for use in a clinical trial of human patients with anaplastic astrocytoma, a rare malignant brain tumor, and glioblastoma multiforme, an aggressive late-stage cancer of the brain.

Fighting plant disease at warm temperatures keeps food on the table
An issue of global concern is the anticipated shortage of agricultural output to meet the steady rise in human population.

Unique metal artefacts from Iron Age settlement shed new light on prehistoric feasting
Prehistoric cauldrons, ancient sword and assorted metalwork among nationally significant findings discovered by University of Leicester archaeologists at Glenfield Park, Leicestershire.

Lab services associated with diagnoses of anaphylactic food reaction increased 871 percent 2007-16
The number of laboratory services associated with diagnoses of anaphylactic food reaction increased 871 percent from 2007 to 2016, and the amount of billed charges for those services increased even more -- 5,390 percent -- in the same period, according to research from FAIR Health.

Parental diet affects offspring immunity: Meta-analysis
A multidisciplinary wide-ranging study across the animal kingdom has found a close relationship exists between parents' diets and the immunity of offspring, with implications for wildlife conservation and animal husbandry as well as human health.

Changes in bacterial mix linked to antibiotics increase risk for inflammatory bowel disease
Exposure to antibiotics in mothers may increase risk for inflammatory bowel diseases in their offspring.

Barley no longer an afterthought in beer flavor
Barley has always played second fiddle to hops and yeast when it comes to flavoring beer.

Xenophobia strongly linked to Brexit, regardless of voter age, gender or education
New research provides evidence that British citizens who agreed that immigrants threaten their values and way of life were more likely to have voted for the United Kingdom to leave the European Union, regardless of their age, gender or education.

Scientists have discovered an Upper Paleolithic cave painting of a camel in the Ural Mountains
An ancient image of a two-humped camel has been discovered in the Kapova cave (Southern Urals).

Muscles can't get any faster then this ... a fundamental muscle speed limit
When birds sing their elaborate songs, bats echolocate, rattlesnakes rattle and toadfish hum they use so-called superfast muscles, the fastest vertebrate muscles known.

Genetic predisposition to later puberty causes lower bone density in children and adults
People whose genetic makeup triggers a later-than-average start to puberty have lower bone mineral density, especially in their lower spine.

'Mind's eye blink' proves 'paying attention' is not just a figure of speech
Vanderbilt psychologists have discovered that when you shift your attention from one place to another, your brain 'blinks'--experiences momentary gaps in perception.

Clean sweep for agriculture
Agricultural research and development features prominently under 'Clean Growth', one of the four Grand Challenges of the UK government's new Industrial Strategy, a white paper announced today (Nov.

New HIV guidelines outline prevention strategies for high-risk populations
New Canadian guidelines recommend the use of new medications by HIV-negative people from high-risk populations both before and after exposure to the virus to prevent HIV infection.

Leave a buffer for your bumper: Study contradicts practice of traffic light tailgating
The practice of packing tightly at traffic lights is widely accepted.

Large-scale approach reveals imperfect actor in plant biotechnology
A research team led by Whitehead Institute has unraveled the molecular activities of a key protein that can enable plants to withstand a common herbicide.

High levels of natural immune suppressor correlate with poor survival in the most common leukemia
Patients diagnosed with the most common form of leukemia who also have high levels of an enzyme known to suppress the immune system are most likely to die early, researchers say.

Promising new treatment for rare pregnancy cancer leads to remission in patients
An immunotherapy drug can be used to cure women of a rare type of cancer arising from pregnancy when existing treatments have failed.

Price changes for seven foods could save thousands of lives per year, study says
Changing the prices of seven foods, including fruits, vegetables and sugar-sweetened beverages, could reduce annual deaths from stroke, diabetes and cardiovascular disease by 3-9 percent and address disparities in the United States.

Discovery points the way to better and cheaper transparent conductors
Researchers at the University of Liverpool have made a discovery that could improve the conductivity of a type of glass coating which is used on items such as touch screens, solar cells and energy efficient windows.

Efficient synthesis of a photosynthetic pigment in mammalian cells for Optogenetics
The 'Optogenetic' method of controlling the position of proteins in cells using light is becoming widely employed as an important method to understand intracellular signal transduction.

Decline in atmospheric carbon dioxide key to ancient climate transition
A decline in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) levels led to a fundamental shift in the behaviour of the Earth's climate system around one million years ago, according to new research led by the University of Southampton.

Common cold viruses reveal one of their strengths
Why don't we ever develop immunity against the common cold?

Ambush in a petri dish
If green algae of the species Chlamydomonas reinhardtii meet Pseudomonas protegens bacteria, their fate is sealed.

Holding infants -- or not -- can leave traces on their genes
The amount of physical contact between infants and their caregivers can affect children at the molecular level.

Children who commute to school unaccompanied have greater autonomy and decision-making ability
Results of a UGR research show that children of ages above 10-12 years are more likely to travel to school unaccompanied and in an active way, that is to say, walking or cycling, which give them better safety perceptions and autonomy.

Fake news can backfire for companies caught in the act
In the era of fake news, less scrupulous businesses are using deceptive tactics to smear their rivals.

Second 'don't eat me' signal found on cancer cells by Stanford researchers
A second biological pathway that signals immune cells not to engulf and kill cancer cells has been identified by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Scientists identify key factors that help microbes thrive in harsh environments
Three new studies by University of Maryland School of Medicine scientists have identified key factors that help microbes survive in harsh environments.

Sulfur improves birefringence! Developing liquid crystalline molecules
A team of researchers led by Assistant Professor Yuki Arakawa, Toyohashi University of Technology, has successfully liquid crystallized π-conjugated 2) rod-like molecules with alkylthio groups containing sulfur 1), and developed high birefringence molecules that exhibit nematic liquid crystal with high fluidity in temperature ranges including room temperature.

New proton record: Researchers measure magnetic moment with greatest possible precision
The magnetic moment of an individual proton is inconceivably small, but can still be quantified.

Ultrathin and flat graphene metalenses gain morace properties
Lenses made of graphene and precisely pierced gold sheets are able to concentrate terahertz beams to a spot, flip its polarization and modulate its intensity.

New butterfly species discovered in Russia with an unusual set of 46 chromosomes
Finding a new species is a rare event in easy-to-see and well-studied organisms like butterflies, especially if they inhabit well-explored areas such as Europe.

Barley is flavor of the month as new study settles centuries-old brewing debate
A five-year study settles a debate among brewers -- does barley flavor your pint?

White male gun owners with money stress more likely to be morally attached to their guns
White male gun owners who have lost, or fear losing, their economic footing tend to feel morally and emotionally attached to their guns, according to a Baylor University study.

Physicists make most precise measurement ever of the proton's magnetic moment
An international collaboration of scientists from RIKEN's Ulmer Fundamental Symmetries Laboratory (FSL), Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg and GSI Darmstadt, have used high-precision techniques to make the most precise measurement to date of the magnetic moment of the proton, finding it to be 2.79284734462 plus or minus 0.00000000082 nuclear magnetons, the unit typically used to measure this property.

Six in 10 food adverts during family TV shows push junk food, new study reveals
A new report, based on research conducted at the University of Liverpool, shows that almost six in ten food and drink adverts shown during family programs in the UK popular with children are for 'junk food' such as fast food, takeaways and confectionery

Latest research on blockchain and AI for healthcare was presented at TaiwanChain Blockchain Summit
Insilico Medicine presented its recent work in converging the blockchain and next-generation AI technologies to accelerate biomedical research at the TaiwanChain, the Blockchain Summit in Taipei.

New chemistry method simplifies late-stage modification of drug compounds
Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have invented a technique that overcomes a long-standing problem in organic chemistry and should streamline the process of discovery and development for many new drugs.

Maize pest exploits plant defense compounds to protect itself
The western corn rootworm continues to be on the rise in Europe.

Eco-friendly waterborne semiconductor inks using surfactant
A research team from Korea succeeded to develop a technology to produce environmentally friendly water-borne semiconductor inks using surfactant.

Structure of primary optogenetic tool revealed
Attempts to solve the structure of ChR2 go right back to the time of its discovery in 2003.

Floods are necessary for maintaining healthy river ecosystems, research shows
Flooding rivers can wreak havoc on homes and roads but are necessary for healthy ecosystems, research at Oregon State University suggests.

High-refractive-index material retains high transmissivity after annealing at 850 degrees C
Toyohashi University of Technology researchers in collaboration with Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), have developed a new material capable of retaining high transmissivity after thermal treatment at 850 degrees C and successfully applied the material to optical devices.

Soil researchers quantify an underappreciated factor in carbon release to the atmosphere
Soil plays a critical role in global carbon cycling, in part because soil organic matter stores three times more carbon than the atmosphere.

Carbon capture is helped by oil revenue, but it may not be enough
The oil industry incentivizes the development of carbon-capturing tech, but researchers say this will not reduce emissions to low enough levels.

Artificial muscles give soft robots superpowers
Researchers at the Wyss Institute at Harvard University and MIT have created origami-inspired artificial muscles that add strength to soft robots, allowing them to lift objects that are up to 1,000 times their own weight using only air or water pressure.

What can zebrafish teach us about our survival in the face of mutations?
The CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing tool reveals that sometimes an organism compensates for a mutation in a gene by changing how it regulates the expression of other related genes -- a workaround of sorts.

Atomistic calculations predict that boron incorporation increases the efficiency of LEDs
Recent computational work from University of Michigan associate professor Emmanouil Kioupakis on BInGaN alloys for efficient LEDs in the visible range
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