Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 30, 2017
Weight loss and risk of death: Rheumatoid arthritis findings may have wider implications
Results suggest that the findings from previous studies regarding lower weight being associated with higher mortality may not be directly related to RA and instead reflect a more generalized phenomenon.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP catches birth of northern Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclone Ockhi
Shortly after Tropical Cyclone Ockhi formed in the Northern Indian Ocean to the west of Sri Lanka, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the storm and saw powerful bands of thunderstorms wrapping into its center from the northern quadrant.

Study suggests measurable impact of colorectal cancer screening program
A new study suggests that an American Cancer Society (ACS) program has been effective in promoting improvements in colorectal cancer screening rates in federally qualified health centers

New vaccine technique effectively fights breast cancer in mice
The body's own immune system can effectively fight breast cancer with the help of a new vaccine technique, researchers from the University of Copenhagen show in mice trials.

Kent State research group publishes analysis of primate brains in top science journal
How different are human brains compared to the brains of other primates such as chimpanzees, gorillas and monkeys?

Discovery puts the brakes on HIV's ability to infect
In a study led by the University of Delaware and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, researchers discovered a 'brake' that interferes with HIV's development into an infectious agent.

New research robustly resolves one of evolutionary biology's most heated disputes
New research led by the University of Bristol has resolved evolutionary biology's most-heated debate, revealing it is the morphologically simple sponges, rather than the anatomically complex comb jellies, which represent the oldest lineage of living animals.

NASA finds newly formed Tropical Storm Dahlia battling wind shear
Tropical Storm Dahlia formed under the conditions of vertical wind shear, which displaced the bulk of its clouds north of the center.

How bone cells promote lung cancer growth
A certain type of cell in the bone marrow can help promote tumor growth in mice with early stage lung cancer, a new study finds.

What gives poetry its aesthetic appeal? New research has well-versed answer
New psychology research points to the factors that explain why we find particular poems aesthetically pleasing -- results that enhance our understanding of 'why we like what we like.'

Fish oil component preconditions vision cells to survive future injury or disease
A team of LSU Health New Orleans scientists discovered that a component of fish oil not only protects cells critical to vision from potentially lethal initial insults, but also from those that occur in the future.

Nutrition may play a key role in early psychosis treatment: New research
Early psychosis is associated with nutritional deficiencies, new research from Australia has found, potentially presenting new avenues for improving health among the millions of people affected worldwide.

Researchers report altered brain functional connectivity in autism spectrum disorder
A new study in adolescent and young adult males with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) showed significant differences in the functional architecture and interactivity of the default mode network (DMN)--brain regions linked to social-cognitive impairment in ASD--compared to DMN functional connectivity measurements in young adult males without ASD.

Cannabis linked to bipolar symptoms in young adults
Cannabis use in youth is linked to bipolar symptoms in young adults, finds new research by the University of Warwick.

Targeted treatment could prevent spread of pancreatic cancer, heart damage
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine have shown that a new targeted treatment could benefit patients with certain pancreatic tumors by preventing spread of the cancer and protecting their heart from damage -- a direct result of the tumor.

Double-edged sword: Killing cancer cells can also drive tumor growth
Cancer therapies including radiation and chemotherapy seek to treat the disease by killing tumor cells.

Program for offenders with mental health or addiction issues produces positive results
A review of a state program launched two years ago to improve recovery and reduce recidivism among felony offenders who have mental health or addiction issues shows the program is producing positive results.

Southern Ocean drives massive bloom of tiny phytoplankton
Scientists have uncovered the ocean conditions that support a massive summertime bloom of algae that spans 16 percent of the global ocean.

New research provides insights into the skin microbiome
Today, Amway Corporation, in collaboration with Microbiome Insights, Inc. presented results from two independent epidemiology studies at Happi's Anti-Aging Conference & Tabletop Exhibition, an annual conference that attracts anti-aging industry experts and suppliers.

Global risk of Madagascar's pneumonic plague epidemic is limited
Mathematical models have proven the risk of the on-going pneumonic plague epidemic in Madagascar spreading elsewhere in the world is limited, with the estimated number of exported cases staying below 0.1 person in each country between Aug.

Hundreds of fossilized eggs sheds light on pterosaur development
An invaluable collection of more than 200 eggs is providing new insights into the development and nesting habits of pterosaurs.

Human vaccines project presents initial findings from first clinical trials
Scientists leading the clinical programs for the Human Vaccines Project reported today high-level outcomes from two concurrent clinical studies aimed at deciphering the components and mechanisms used by the human immune system to prevent and control disease at the World Vaccine and Immunotherapy Congress in San Diego, Calif.

New software can verify someone's identity by their DNA in minutes
Researchers have developed a method to quickly and accurately identify people and cell lines from their DNA.

To proliferate or not to proliferate? A cellular spring replies
The epithelium is subjected to multiple types of mechanical stretch.

Gravitational waves could shed light on the origin of black holes
The detection of gravitational waves has given astronomers a new way of looking at the universe, and a new study shows how these ripples in the fabric of spacetime might confirm or rule out the existence of a certain type of black hole.

Brain's appetite regulator disrupted in obese teens
Researchers using advanced MRI to study obese adolescents found disrupted connectivity in the complex regions of the brain involved in regulating appetite, according to a new study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.

Visible signals from brain and heart
Key processes in the body are controlled by the concentration of calcium in and around cells.

Science for the AU-EU partnership
From air pollutant emissions to zooplankton productivity - over 30 years of the European Commission's science and knowledge service, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) scientific collaboration with Africa have been compiled in one publication,

Molecule plays dual role in bowel health and disease
A molecule that controls intestinal cell growth plays a dual role maintaining gut health and promoting diseases such as cancer, says a study in eLife.

Dancing Zumba for five weeks improves the emotional health of inactive university workers
Scientists from the University of Granada have proven that a five-week exercise program based on the famous Zumba Fitness® discipline improves the quality of life of inactive university workers.

Researchers advance technique to detect ovarian cancer
Researchers refine and run the first in vivo tests that use fluorescent nanotube-based probes to locate specific tumors in the body.

Microscopy: A space-time sensor for light-matter interactions
Physicists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have developed an attosecond electron microscope that allows them to visualize the dispersion of light in time and space, and observe the motions of electrons in atoms.

Smartphone addiction creates imbalance in brain
Researchers have found an imbalance in the brain chemistry of young people addicted to smartphones and the internet, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.

Gravity: A faster method for gauging the size of great quakes
Immediately following Japan's 2011 Tohoku earthquake, while seismic waves still traveled to seismic stations to offer insight into the event's magnitude, seismographs recorded a gravity change reflective of this value, researchers report.

Bat cave study sheds new light on origin of SARS virus
Genetic recombination between viral strains in bats may have produced the direct evolutionary ancestor of the strain that caused a deadly outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in humans, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens.

Caught in the act: Papillomaviruses promote non-melanoma skin cancer
UV radiation has been known for a long time to be a risk factor for the development of skin cancer.

Behavior not indicative of pain in stressed babies
In stressed newborn babies, behavior alone is not a reliable way of assessing pain, according to new UCL and UCLH research.

People with disabilities more likely to be arrested
People with disabilities face all sorts of discrimination every day.

Response to Ebola outbreak leads to improved mental health services in Sierra Leone
A new report highlighting how vital mental health services were developed in Sierra Leone during the 2014 Ebola outbreak is published today in the WHO Bulletin.

Speaking up against bigotry can reduce bad behavior
If you're sitting around the holiday table and one of your curmudgeonly uncles says something unintentionally bigoted, your inclination may be to ask for more mashed potatoes and get on with the feast.

American College of Physicians urges Senate to vote no on tax bill
Provisions in the Senate tax bill that would eliminate the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) individual mandate and lead to deep cuts to Medicare and other federal health programs will do great harm to tens of millions of the most vulnerable patients including seniors, said the ACP in a letter sent to Senate leadership this afternoon.

Going swimmingly: Biotemplates breakthrough paves way for cheaper nanobots
New developments may now propel nanoswimmers from science fiction to reality thanks to unexpected help from bacteria.

Deducing the properties of a new form of diamond
Earlier this year, amorphous diamond was synthesized for the first time using a technique involving high pressures, moderately high temperatures and a tiny amount of glassy carbon as starting material.

Judging a 'clean face' for trachoma
Part of the control strategy for trachoma -- repeated eye infections caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis -- is facial cleanliness.

Some chemicals in smoke may be even more dangerous than previously thought
Though most 'low molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons' (LMW PAHs) have not been shown to cause cancer alone, the study shows that in common combinations, these chemicals can help to spark the disease.

Parasitic worms don't just wait to be swallowed by new hosts
Contrary to widespread assumptions, parasitic nematodes that spread among mice via food may not wait passively to be swallowed.

Shifting protein networks in breast cancer may alter gene function
A given gene may perform a different function in breast cancer cells than in healthy cells due to changes in networks of interacting proteins, according to a new study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

Recurring nightmares could reflect your daily frustrations
People who are frustrated because their basic psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness and feeling competent are not met are more likely to have a recurring bad dream and to analyze their dreams negatively.

Uncertainty surrounds US livestock methane emission estimates
A new study of methane emissions from livestock in the United States -- led by a researcher in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences -- has challenged previous top-down estimates.

Computer analysis fills gaps in antibody blueprint
Antibodies defend our bodies against intruders. These molecules consist of proteins with attached sugars.

Researchers identify gene variant that protects against Alzheimer's disease
Research published today in Genome Medicine details a novel and promising approach in the effort to treat Alzheimer's disease.

Migration makes breeding harder for seabirds
An Oxford University-led collaboration has for the first time revealed the key drivers of seabird migration.

Butterfly emerges from quantum simulation
An international team demonstrates on Google's quantum chip a novel method to study quantum phases of matter.

Studies examine the effects of weight on patients with rheumatoid arthritis
New research provides insights on the potential effects of weight on the health of individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Designer molecule points to treatment for diseases caused by DNA repeats
Using a molecule designed to overcome a roadblock formed by a common type of genetic flaw, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have made progress towards novel molecular treatments for Friedreich's ataxia -- a rare but fatal disorder -- in the laboratory dish and in animals.

Researchers funded by Morris Animal Foundation make breakthrough in fatal cat disease
A new clinical trial funded in part by Morris Animal Foundation has resulted in a critical veterinary breakthrough -- cats with feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) in remission following treatment with a novel antiviral drug.

Further advances in HIV prevention, treatment and cure from PLOS Medicine's special issue
This week, guest editors sum up PLOS Medicine's special issue on Advances in HIV Prevention, Treatment and Cure in an Editorial published to coincide with World AIDS Day on Dec.

Secure information transmission over 500m fiber links based on quantum technologies
Prof. Zhang's group in Tsinghua University and Prof. Sheng in Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications realized the first long-distance entanglement-based quantum secure direct communication experiment based on current optical communication technologies.

New treatment investigated for brain tapeworm infection
Treating neurocysticercosis (NCC), an infection of the brain with tapeworm larvae, often leads to inflammation and seizures when the parasites in the brain die.

Do your ears hang low? The complex genetics behind earlobe attachment
A common, hands-on method for teaching genetics in grade school encourages students to compare their earlobes with those of their parents: are they attached and smoothly mesh with the jawline?

T Austin professors discover copy of Jesus' secret revelations to his brother
The first-known original Greek copy of a heretical Christian writing describing Jesus' secret teachings to his brother James has been discovered at Oxford University by biblical scholars at The University of Texas at Austin.

Army researchers seek better batteries
A team of Army scientists working on more efficient batteries recently published new findings in a peer-reviewed publication from the American Chemical Society.

'Aggressive' surgery is best treatment option for early stage lung cancer
Patients with early stage lung cancer live longer when they receive a lobectomy -- the most common type of operation for the disease -- rather than a less extensive operation or radiation treatment, according to a study published online today in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Does physician age influence the likelihood of patient complaints?
Older ophthalmologists were less likely than younger colleagues to be associated with patient complaints.

Immune-boosting antibody combination could improve lymphoma survival
Combining two different immunotherapy treatments could dramatically improve lymphoma survival, according to a Cancer Research UK funded study published in Cancer Cell today (Thursday).

Communication between lung tumors and bones contributes to tumor progression
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have identified a way in which a type of lung cancer co-opts a portion of the immune system to increase tumor progression.

Study suggests a way to stop HIV in its tracks
When HIV-1 infects an immune cell, the virus travels to the nucleus so quickly there's not enough time to set off the cell's alarm system.

New document guides hospitals in responding to infectious disease outbreaks
A new expert guidance document for hospitals to use in preparing for and containing outbreaks was published today by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, with the support of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

What leads certain people to seek vengeance? Sadism, according to a new VCU-led study
People who enjoy hurting others and seeing them in pain are more likely to seek revenge against those who have wronged them, according to a new study led by a Virginia Commonwealth University psychology professor.

Mindfulness training and therapy can reverse jail time's negative psychological effects
Just four months in prison can negatively affects a person's cognitive abilities and impulse control, according to findings from two University of Pennsylvania researchers.

An anti-aging protein could be targeted to rejuvenate immune cells
An anti-aging protein called SIRT1, commonly known for being activated by red wine, has been shown to protect against age-related diseases, such as cancer, neurodegeneration, and cardiovascular disease.

Regional breast cancer guidelines needed in the Middle East and North Africa
Researchers surveying breast cancer management in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region have identified significant barriers to applying international guidelines, and are calling for localized best practice.

Public resource boosts drug discovery and offers insights into protein function
Researchers at the Broad Institute have taken the Connectivity Map -- a widely used resource of tools and data -- to new heights with a massively scaled-up version.

Cigarette smokers are 10 times more likely to be daily marijuana users
Daily marijuana use has been on the rise over the past decade.

Diet success may depend on your DNA
We can add one more thing to the list of traits affected by genetics: how our bodies respond to a particular diet.

Research finds patients with post-traumatic stress disorder respond differently to certain sounds
Scientists at the Universities of Birmingham and Amsterdam hope to have found a new neurobiological marker to help recognise patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Residents of major Pakistan city are exposed to harmful pesticides
Scientists from Pakistan's F Quaid-i-Azam University and Lancaster University have evaluated the organophosphate pesticide concentration in dust from farms and also from pesticide manufacturing plants in the megacity of Lahore.

Cancer drug leads to 'drastic decrease' in HIV infection in lung cancer patient
Doctors in France have found the first evidence that a cancer drug may be able to eradicate HIV-infected cells in humans.

How blood-sucking insects find dark-coated cattle in the dark
Last year, biologist Susanne Åkesson at Lund University in Sweden, together with researchers in Hungary, received the Ig Nobel Prize in Physics.

Why are genetically identical individuals different? Ask your mum!
Does the age of a mother influence the traits and characteristics of her progeny, and how?

Scientists visualize structure of key DNA repair component with 'near-atomic resolution'
A protein known as an ATR kinase activates the cell's built-in repair system at the first hint of DNA damage.

Researchers find link between excessive screen time and suicide risk
A new study concludes excessive time on electronic devices is linked to a higher risk of depression and suicide among teenagers, especially girls.

Type 1 diabetes as common in adults as children, but many adults misdiagnosed
Type 1 diabetes is not predominantly a 'disease of childhood' as previously believed, but is similarly prevalent in adults, new research published in the Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology shows.

Interrupted reprogramming converts adult cells into high yields of progenitor-like cells
A modified version of iPS methodology, called interrupted reprogramming, allows for a highly controlled, safer, and more cost-effective strategy for generating progenitor-like cells from adult cells.

Conspiracy thinking less likely with greater news media literacy, study suggests
The more you know about the news media and how it works, the less likely you are to believe conspiracy theories - even ones you might find politically tempting.

Helping the brain prune bad habits
Fasudil, a drug that stimulates neuron pruning, can nudge mice away from habit-driven behaviors when combined with retraining.

Despite forest loss, African protected area can support 10s of thousands of elephants
Despite some forest loss, Mozambique's sprawling Niassa National Reserve has the potential to support tens of thousands of elephants and 1,000 lions according to a new land-use study published in the journal Parks.

Neutrophil-inspired propulsion
Inspired by white blood cells rolling on endovascular walls before transmigrating to the disease site, scientists at ETH Zurich have succeeded in getting particles to move along the walls of microscopic, three-dimensional vessels.

Hot, sunny days could slow 5G networks, but research offers solutions
Hot, sunny weather could degrade future fifth-generation or '5G' cellular transmissions by more than 15% -- which could mean more dropped calls in places like Florida and the Middle East -- but an Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University engineer says research will guide solutions.

Emergency radiologists see inner toll of opioid use disorders
Emergency radiologists are seeing a high prevalence of patients with complications related to opioid use disorders, according to results from a 12-year study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.

Lighting the way to switch chemical reaction pathways
Researchers from Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Ghent University have pioneered a system that modulates visible, coloured light to change the reactions of a powerful chemical coupling agent.

Study reads between the lines in children's vocabulary differences
A new study from the Callier Center for Communication Disorders at The University of Texas at Dallas found that differences in vocabulary growth among grade school children of different socioeconomic statuses are likely related to differences in the process of word learning.

A new research agenda to accelerate malaria elimination and eradication
Over 180 scientists, malaria programme managers and policy makers from around the world have come together through a consultative process to update the research agenda for malaria elimination and eradication, first produced in 2011.

Researchers map brain activity to improve prosthetic design
High-tech prosthetics allow amputees to engage more fully in everyday life, even to compete in sporting events.

Researchers discover breakthrough process for directly converting methane to methanol
The direct oxidation of methane -- found in natural gas -- into methanol at low temperatures has long been a holy grail.

Windows of opportunity: Solar cell with improved transparency
Researchers at The University of Tokyo developed a semi-transparent solar cell.

Adornments told about the culture of prehistoric people
Vladislav Zhitenev, a Russian archaeologist from MSU, studied bone jewelry found at Sungir Upper Paleolithic site.

Vulnerability identified for subtypes of glioblastoma
Glioblastoma, the most common and aggressive form of brain cancer, typically fails to respond to treatment or rapidly becomes drug resistant.

Invasive cells in head and neck tumors predict cancer spread
Head and neck tumors that contain cells undergoing a partial epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition -- which transforms them from neatly organized blocks into irregular structures that extrude into the surrounding environment -- are more likely to invade and spread to other parts of the body, according to a new study led by researchers from Mass.

Designing a golden nanopill
Researchers from the University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Reims reported the results of investigations into the optical properties of complex plasmonic vesicles, which can navigate the bloodstream, and, when hit with a quick pulse of laser light, change shape to release their contents.

Novel transcriptomic signature of type 2 diabetic islets identified
A research consortium has identified a novel cluster of dysregulated genes in the pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes.

HIV also targets the brain
Stellenbosch University (SU) researchers have discovered that the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) directly impacts the brain in the early stages of the infection.

Skin pigmentation far more complex than previously known
Researchers examining understudied populations in Africa have found that skin pigmentation is far more varied and complex than previously understood.

Research uncovers new weed control options for strawberry growers
Since the 2005 ban of methyl bromide by federal regulators, winter strawberry growers have had limited options for managing broadleaf weeds, grasses and nutsedge species.

Versatile cancer drugs
Medications which block enzymes belonging to the kinase family, are among the most effective pharmaceuticals for targeted cancer therapies.

Rising levels of HIV drug resistance
HIV drug resistance is approaching and exceeding 10 percent in people living with HIV who are about to initiate or reinitiate first-line antiretroviral therapy, according to the largest meta-analysis to date on HIV drug resistance, led by researchers at UCL and the World Health Organization (WHO) and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the WHO.

Scallop eyes mirror reflecting telescopes, with sophisticated optical properties
Researchers have obtained a detailed view of a scallop's visual system -- a sophisticated arrangement of up to 200 eyes they say is strikingly similar to a reflecting telescope.

New in the Hastings Center report, November-December 2017
Standard-of-care sprawl and clinician self-interest, health implications of ending DACA, questions about CAR-T gene therapy, and more in the (November-December 2017 issue.

Phase III Immunotherapy trial for migraine shows positive results
An antibody therapy against a key inflammatory molecule involved in migraines reduces the number of headaches that chronic migraine patients experience per month in a phase III trial.

New early signals to quantify the magnitude of strong earthquakes
After an earthquake, there is a disturbance in the field of gravity almost instantaneously.

Two-drug combination may boost immunotherapy responses in lung cancer patients
Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers and colleagues have identified a novel drug combination therapy that could prime nonsmall cell lung cancers to respond better to immunotherapy.

U-M researchers recover more mammoth bones from Chelsea-area farm
University of Michigan paleontologists conducted a second excavation this week at the Chelsea-area farm where the skull, tusks and dozens of intact bones of an ice age mammoth were pulled from the ground in late 2015.

Making medicines affordable
Consumer Access to Affordable Medicines Is a Public Health Imperative, Says New Report; Government Negotiation of Drug Prices, Prevention of 'Pay-for-Delay' Agreements, and Increased Financial Transparency Among Recommendations

Antibiotics may reduce the ability of immune cells to kill bacteria
A new study has shown that antibiotics can reduce the ability of mouse immune cells to kill bacteria, and that changes to the biochemical environment directly elicited by treatment can protect the bacterial pathogen.

CRF1 stress receptor is regulator of mast cell activity during stress
A new study published online in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology provides new insight into how stress, through signaling of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), interacts with cells in the immune system to cause disease.

Missing DNA fragments hold clue to predicting childhood leukaemia relapse
Australian researchers have developed a new risk scoring system for children with leukaemia based on missing DNA fragments or 'microdeletions'.

Study reveals cancer therapy's double-edged sword ... and how to blunt it
Researchers from Harvard Medical School and the Institute of Systems Biology have discovered that the remains of tumor cells killed by chemotherapy or other cancer treatments can actually stimulate tumor growth by inducing an inflammatory reaction.

Skin pigmentation is far more genetically complex than previously thought
Researchers report that while skin pigmentation is nearly 100 percent heritable, it is hardly a straightforward, Mendelian trait.

Postsurgery guideline could reduce opioid prescriptions by as much as 40 percent
New study results suggest that a more vigilant prescribing guideline for surgeons could reduce by as much as 40 percent the number of opioid pills prescribed after operations, and still meet patients' pain management needs.

Global longitudinal study confirms obesity increases dementia risk
People who have a high body mass index (BMI) are more likely to develop dementia than those with a normal weight, according to a new UCL-led study.

New laser technology could reduce accidents on icy roads
Researchers have proposed an innovative new solution to dealing with dangerous icy roads in winter, putting forward an improved, safer method in a paper published today in Applied Spectroscopy Reviews.

Consumption is the bottleneck for sustainable development
From ending poverty to improving wellbeing, gender equality, cities' resilience or climate action -- while synergies among most of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) foster progress in sustainable development, there are some key conflicts or bottlenecks that could hamper achieving the SDG objectives for 2030.

Sonic Kayaks: Environmental monitoring and experimental music by citizens
Researchers have rigged kayaks with underwater environmental sensors and speakers to create an environmental monitoring tool suitable for citizen scientists.

New research agenda announced for malaria elimination and eradication
A new research agenda for malaria elimination and eradication is laid out in a collection of review articles, led by Regina Rabinovich and colleagues of the Malaria Eradication Scientific Alliance, in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Climate-friendly architecture thanks to natural folding mechanisms
Mobile components on buildings whose design was copied from naturally occurring solutions -- that is the subject of the research conducted by a team from Technical University Munich, University of Freiburg, and University of Stuttgart.

Global health committee issues report on heart disease burden
The United States must prioritize its health resources toward detecting and treating noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, while maintaining and expanding prevention and eradication of infectious diseases on a global scale, according to a report modified from US global health recommendations from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (previously the Institute of Medicine) published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Under stress, newborn babies show greater brain response to pain
When newborn babies are under stress, their brains show a heightened response to pain, a new study has found.

'Poop pill' capsule research paves the way for simpler C. difficile treatment
An Alberta-led clinical trial has shown Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) is effective in treating clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections whether delivered by colonoscopy or by swallowing capsules.

Squeezing light into a tiny channel brings optical computing a step closer
By forcing light to go through a smaller gap than ever before, researchers have paved the way for computers based on light instead of electronics.

Length of stay in neonatal ICU can affect behavior of premature babies
Research by Brazilian scientists shows that emotional development of children born preterm should be evaluated as much as physical growth and motor skills.

Barrow researchers validate five new genes responsible for ALS
Barrow Neurological Institute researchers have completed additional experiments that validate the identification of five new genes linked to Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) -- also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
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