Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 06, 2017
Finding long strands of RNA in skin development and disease
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have discovered how unusually long pieces of RNA work in skin cells.

New report: US has lost dominance in highly intense, ultrafast laser technology to Europe and Asia
The U.S. is losing ground in a second laser revolution of highly intense, ultrafast lasers that have broad applications in manufacturing, medicine, and national security, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

A new law to tackle contract cheating and Essay Mills?
Swansea University academics have designed a new law to specifically target the inappropriate activities of companies who offer to write student assignments for a fee; also known as 'Essay Mills'.

When a common cold may trigger early supportive care
A new study led by Children's National Health System shows that in infants who were born severely premature, human rhinovirus infections appear to trigger airway hyper-reactivity, which leads to wheezing, hyperinflation and more severe respiratory disease.

Researchers found a security flaw that had 10 million banking app users at risk
Researchers from the University of Birmingham have developed a tool to perform semi-automated security testing of mobile phone apps.

UChicago scientists craft world's tiniest interlinking chains
For decades, scientists have been trying to make a true molecular chain: a repeated set of tiny rings interlocked together.

Cryo-EM reveals 'crown-like' structure of protein responsible for regulating blood flow
A team led by scientists at Van Andel Research Institute has revealed for the first time the atomic-level structure of a promising drug target for conditions such as stroke and traumatic brain injury.

Synchrotron sheds light on the amphibious lifestyle of a new raptorial dinosaur
A well-preserved dinosaur skeleton from Mongolia unites an unexpected combination of features that defines a new group of semi-aquatic predators related to Velociraptor.

Healthy mitochondria could stop Alzheimer's
Using a bioinformatics and experimental approach, scientists at EPFL have found that rendering mitochondria resistant to damage can halt diseases caused by amyloid toxicity, such as Alzheimer's disease.

Timing of migration is changing for songbirds on the Pacific coast
Changes in the timing of birds' migration can have serious negative effects if, for example, they throw the birds out of sync with the food resources they depend on.

The World's smallest Mona Lisa
New techniques in DNA self-assembly allow researchers to create the largest to-date customizable patterns with nanometer precision on a budget.

Clinical trial shows therapeutic HIV vaccination doesn't lead to viral suppression
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial found no benefit for a therapeutic HIV vaccine, but could offer researchers much needed insights for future cure efforts.

Clay minerals on Mars may have formed in primordial steam bath
New research suggests that the bulk of clay minerals on Mars could have been formed as the planet's crust cooled and solidified, not by later interactions with water on the surface as has long been assumed.

New method helps identify causal mechanisms in depression
People with major depressive disorder have alterations in the activity and connectivity of brain systems underlying reward and memory, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.

Alzheimer's damage in mice reduced with compound that targets APOE gene
People who carry the APOE4 genetic variant face a substantial risk for developing Alzheimer's disease.

Diabetes drug metformin inhibits multidrug-resistant breast cancer
The drug metformin, typically prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes, keeps breast cancer cells from developing multiple drug resistance (MDR) and can reverse MDR after it¹s appeared, according to a study published Dec.

Seizure study sheds light on lasting brain effects in children
Prolonged convulsive seizures in childhood could be linked to the development of other brain conditions, a study suggests.

A 100-fold leap to GigaDalton DNA nanotech
As reported in Nature, a Wyss Institute team leapfrogged their 'DNA bricks' technology by two orders of magnitude, enabling next-generation DNA bricks to self-assemble into three-dimensional nanostructures that are 100 times more complex than those created with existing methods.

Reading on electronic devices may interfere with science reading comprehension
People who often read on electronic devices may have a difficult time understanding scientific concepts, according to a team of researchers.

New guide: How science academies can support the sustainable development goals
The United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development identified 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) whose realization will require expertise from many sectors, including science, engineering, and medicine.

Study: Surgery-related opioid doses can drop dramatically without affecting patients' pain
Some surgeons might be able to prescribe a third of opioid painkiller pills that they currently give patients, and not affect their level of post-surgery pain control, a new study suggests.

A new gene therapy transplantation technique could improve treatment of neurodegenerative diseases
A study published today in Science Advances shows for the first time the efficacy of a new gene therapy transplantation technique which aims at repopulating the brain with new, genetically engineered immune cells.

Virtual reality at the service of psychology
Our environment is composed according to certain rules and characteristics which are so obvious to us that we are scarcely aware of them.

Separated since the dinosaurs, bamboo-eating lemurs, pandas share common gut microbes
A new study finds that bamboo lemurs, giant pandas and red pandas share 48 gut microbes in common -- despite the fact that they are separated by millions of years of evolution.

Dangers of commonly prescribed painkillers highlighted in study
Commonly prescribed painkillers need to be given for shorter periods of time to reduce the risk of obesity and sleep deprivation, a new study has revealed.

Caterpillar attacks allow aphids to sneak up on plants
A New Phytologist study indicates that plants prioritize the protection of flowers over leaves and that simultaneous attack by aphids, caterpillars and bacteria leaves plants vulnerable to aphids but more protected from caterpillars.

Gargantua in the mist: A precocious black hole behemoth at the edge of cosmic dawn
To understand when supermassive black holes first appeared, astronomers scan the skies for actively-feeding black holes (known as 'quasars') from the Universe's distant past.

Birth of a storm in the Arabian Sea validates climate model
Researchers from Princeton University and NOAA report in the journal Nature Climate Change that extreme cyclones that formed in the Arabian Sea for the first time in 2014 are the result of global warming and will likely increase in frequency.

Researchers examine how opioids affect proteins in the brain other than opioid receptors
In a new study, researchers have characterized the effects of a series of opioids on proteins in the brain other than opioid receptors.

Brain remaps itself in child with double hand transplant
The first child to undergo a successful hand transplant also is the first child in whom scientists have detected massive changes in how sensations from the hands are represented in the brain.

Recently discovered fossil shows transition of a reptile from life on land to life in the sea
Using modern research tools on a 155-million-year-old reptile fossil, scientists at Johns Hopkins and the American Museum of Natural History report they have filled in some important clues to the evolution of animals that once roamed land and transitioned to life in the water.

Towards data storage at the single molecule level
Similar to normal hard drives, so-called spin-crossover molecules can save information via their magnetic state.

Some video games are good for older adults' brains
Playing 3D-platform video games on a regular basis may improve cognitive functions in seniors and increase grey matter in a brain structure called the hippocampus, an Université de Montréal study suggests.

Dibenzoazepine defender: Drug found to be effective against resistant hepatitis C
Osaka University researchers identify class of chemicals that can combat resistant strains of the hepatitis C virus, as well as parasites that cause malaria and toxoplasmosis

Mainz physicists propose a new method for monitoring nuclear waste
New scientific findings suggest neutrino detectors may play an important role in ensuring better monitoring and safer storage of radioactive material in nuclear waste repository sites.

Precision medicine test may help detect coronary artery disease
In a Journal of the American Geriatrics Society study, a blood-based precision medicine test incorporating age, sex, and gene expression score was helpful in evaluating older outpatients with symptoms suggestive of obstructive coronary artery disease.

Compound eyes a continuous feature of evolution
Researchers from Cologne, Tallinn, and Edinburgh have found out that the compound eyes of today's insects and crustaceans are still constructed in much the same way as 500 million years ago.

How ribosomes shape the proteome
Cells are crowded with macromolecules, which limits the diffusion of proteins, especially in prokaryotic cells without active transport in the cytoplasm.

Smartphone health apps miss some daily activity of users
The iPhone's Health app and its built-in pedometer miss a significant number of users' steps during a typical day, a new University of British Columbia study has found.

LGBQ* women's sexual desire particularly impacted by social and cultural pressures
After interviewing women who identify as bisexual, lesbian and heterosexual, a study from UK researchers is contributing to the understanding of how desire is influenced by issues such as sexism, religion, sexual orientation discrimination and more.

Genes associated with progression of melanoma are identified
Screening used synthetic compound similar to curcumin (a pigment extracted from turmeric), which displayed anti-tumor action in preliminary tests.

New hope for waitlisted patients addicted to opioids
As the opioid crisis continues to escalate, the number of people who need treatment for their dependency on heroin or prescription pain killers far exceeds the capacity of available treatment programs.

Study shows first extensive and stable microbiome remodeling via B. infantis in infants
Evolve BioSystems, Inc. today announced positive results from their landmark clinical trial in support of Evivo™, an activated form of the beneficial bacteria Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis (B. infantis EVC001, ActiBif®).

Alarming amounts of noise demand ways to silence noisy hospital environments
Spending a night in the hospital is not only stressful, but also loud.

New approach measures early human butchering practices
Researchers, led by a Purdue University anthropology professor, have found that statistical methods and 3-D imaging can be used to accurately measure animal bone cut marks made by prehistoric human butchery, and to help answer pressing questions about human evolution.

Routing gene therapy directly into the brain
The technique, which could be used to transplant donor-matched hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) or a patient's own genetically-engineered HSCs into the brain, was reported in Science Advances today by researchers from the Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center and the San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy.

3-D mini brains accelerate research for repairing brain function
Houston Methodist is making mini brains from human stem cells, putting researchers on a fast track to repair the nervous system after injury or disease of the brain and spinal cord.

Study: Parents' reports of children's autism symptoms differ by race
Racial differences in parents' reports of concerns about their child's development to healthcare providers may contribute to delayed diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in black children, according to a study led by Georgia State University.

PET tracer gauges effectiveness of promising Alzheimer's treatment
In the December featured basic science article in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Belgian researchers report on the first large-scale longitudinal imaging study to evaluate BACE1 inhibition with micro-PET in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease.

Living on thin air -- microbe mystery solved
UNSW-Sydney led scientists have discovered that microbes in Antarctica have a previously unknown ability to scavenge hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide from the air to stay alive in the extreme conditions.

Research finds new ways to fight the opioid crisis
In the US alone, more than 2 million people struggle with opioid use disorders.

Psychosis incidence highly variable internationally
Rates of psychosis can be close to eight times higher in some regions compared to others, finds a new study led by researchers at UCL, King's College London and the University of Cambridge, and published in JAMA Psychiatry.

A risk factor for drug-induced skin disease identified
Researchers have identified a type of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) that is associated with the skin disease bullous pemphigoid (BP) in diabetic patients administered with DPP-4 inhibitory drugs.

Children on sex offender registries at greater risk for suicide attempts, study suggests
A new study led by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that children who were legally required to register as sex offenders were at greater risk for harm, including suicide attempts and sexual assault, compared to a group of children who engaged in harmful or illegal sexual behavior but who were not required to register.

Deadly cryptococcal fungi found in public spaces in South Africa
This is the first time that both Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii have been found in such large numbers on trees in South Africa.

The human race has peaked
Newly emerging trends in data suggests humans may have reached their maximum limits for height, lifespan and physical performance.

West coast earthquake early warning system continues progress toward public use
A decade after beginning work on an earthquake early warning system, scientists and engineers are fine-tuning a US West Coast prototype that could be in limited public use in 2018.

Existing cancer medication offers potential to treat Huntington's disease
A drug already used to treat certain forms of cancer appears to be an effective therapy for Huntington's disease, and offers a potential pathway to treat other neurodegenerative diseases.

Study examines safety and effectiveness of infliximab biosimilar in patients with inflammatory bowel
Biosimilars are biologic agents that highly similar to original biomedical medications (oringinators), but are much cheaper.

Abnormal electrocardiogram findings are common in NBA players
About 1 in 5 professional basketball players had abnormalities on their electrocardiograms (ECGs), some but not all of which were explained by changes in the shape and size of their hearts as a result of athletic training.

Contrast-enhanced digital mammography comparable to breast MRI after therapy or chemo
Contrast-enhanced digital mammography is comparable to breast MRI in evaluating residual breast cancer after neoadjuvant endocrine therapy or chemotherapy, according to the results of a study presented by Mayo Clinic researchers today at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.

Nanomaterials: How to separate linear and ring-shaped molecules
What is the difference between linear chains and rings composed of the same material?

Hydrogen gas from enzyme production
Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin and the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have uncovered a crucial reaction principle of hydrogen-producing enzymes.

Newly discovered Goliath galaxies from early universe hint at massive dark matter trove
A newfound pair of galaxies from the early universe is so massive that it nearly breaks the current understanding of how the cosmos evolved.

How does it look when Earth is bombarded with dark matter?
A whole lot of zig-zagging: Perhaps that is what happens when the universe's mysterious dark matter particles hit the Earth.

Go with the flow (or against it)
Queen's University researchers are using magnetic fields to influence a specific type of bacteria to swim against strong currents, opening up the potential of using the microscopic organisms for drug delivery in environments with complex microflows- - like the human bloodstream.

Needle in a haystack
Overcoming a major hurdle in the field of microbiome research, scientists have developed a method to elucidate cause-effect relationships between gut bacteria and disease.

A head start through human intervention
An international research team with participation from Konstanz published a study on the spread of European plant species on other continents.

DNA-origami surpasses important thresholds
It is the double strands of our genes that make them so strong.

Study reveals significant role of dust in mountain ecosystems
University of Wyoming researchers led a study that found foreign dust likely fertilizes plants in many locations worldwide.

Spinal tap needle type impacts the risk of complications
The study says using atraumatic needles for lumbar punctures is just as effective and results in a significant decrease in complications such as headaches and also more than a 50 percent reduction in patient readmissions and return to emergency rooms for narcotics or blood patches.

Activity matters: How Fitbit can help us understand cancer surgery recovery
A new study published in Annals of Behavioral Medicine finds that more activity during inpatient recovery predicted lower risk of 30- and 60-day readmission after surgery for metastatic peritoneal cancer.

Bristol scientists turn beer into fuel
Chemists at the University of Bristol have made the first steps towards making sustainable petrol using beer as a key ingredient.

Wheat gets boost from purified nanotubes
Rice University researchers test the effects of carbon nanotubes on the growth of wheatgrass.

Supermassive black hole is ahead of its time
Observations reveal the mass of earliest known supermassive black hole which radiates from an era in the universe only 690 million years after the Big Bang.

Study: Viruses share genes with organisms across the tree of life
A new study finds that viruses share some genes exclusively with cells that are not their hosts.

Found: The most distant supermassive black hole ever observed
A team of astronomers led by Carnegie's Eduardo Bañados used Carnegie's Magellan telescopes to discover the most-distant supermassive black hole ever observed.

Physical activity in mid-life may help protect joint health during aging
In an Arthritis Care & Research analysis of 6,661 participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, maintaining at least low levels of physical activity throughout middle age was associated with lower prevalence and incidence of joint symptoms later in life.

What makes a happy working mom?
A happy working mom feels competent in interacting with her child, experiences a sense of freedom and choice in her actions, while having a warm and affectionate relationship with her baby.

Breakthroughs in understanding the genetic basis of aggressive prostate cancer
New research shows how losing a ubiquitous gene opens genetic floodgates that make prostate cancer deadly, a finding that could apply to many cancers.

ALMA finds massive primordial galaxies swimming in vast ocean of dark matter
ALMA observations push back the epoch of massive-galaxy formation even further by identifying two giant galaxies seen when the universe was only 780 million years old, or about 5 percent its current age.

Scientists observe supermassive black hole in infant universe
A team of astronomers has detected the most distant supermassive black hole ever observed.

Citizen scientists discover 6 new species of beetles in Borneo
As part of a tropical biodiversity field course for citizen scientists initiated by the new organisation called 'Taxon Expeditions', a group of citizen scientists have discovered six new species of beetles in Borneo.

Diesel vehicles in oil sands operations contribute to regional pollution
Wildfires, cigarette smoking and vehicles all emit a potentially harmful compound called isocyanic acid.

Microwaved exploding eggs make for an unusual acoustic experiment
If you have looked closely at a microwave's warnings or have experienced an accidental explosion, you know that certain foods pose a risk due to an increase in their internal pressure, and potatoes and hard-boiled eggs are among the most common culprits.

Seeing through walls of unknown materials
Researchers at Duke University have devised a way to see through walls without any advance knowledge of what the walls are made out of.

Probiotic gets a boost from breast milk
Supplementation with probiotics can improve a person's gut health, but the benefits are often fleeting, and colonization by the probiotic's good microbes usually doesn't last.

Marine invertebrates have noisy human neighbors
Marine invertebrates are impacted by the rising levels of underwater noise produced by humans, but the production of underwater noise is not only difficult to control, but the direct effect on marine invertebrates can be challenging to observe or measure.

Study examines brain activity and anxiety symptoms in youth with autism spectrum disorder
The error-related negativity (ERN) is a brain signal response to errors that is thought to reflect threat sensitivity and has been implicated in anxiety disorders in individuals without autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Unique field survey yields first big-picture view of deep-sea food webs
A new paper by MBARI researchers Anela Choy, Steve Haddock, and Bruce Robison documents the first comprehensive study of deep-sea food webs, using hundreds of video observations of animals caught in the act of feeding off the Central California coast.

More-severe climate model predictions could be the most accurate
The climate models that project greater amounts of warming this century are the ones that best align with observations of the current climate, according to a new paper from Carnegie's Patrick Brown and Ken Caldeira published by Nature.

NASA's CATS concludes successful mission on space station
A spaceborne lidar instrument that fired more laser pulses than any previous orbiting instrument has ended its operations on the International Space Station, after a successful 33-month mission to measure clouds and tiny atmospheric particles that play key roles in Earth's climate and weather.

Brain changes following childhood limb loss may be reversible
In a recent study, investigators found that certain changes in the brain that occurred after limb amputation in a child were reversible after restoring sensory input through bilateral hand transplantation.

Want to listen better? Lend a right ear
Listening requires sensitive hearing and the ability to process information into cohesive meaning.

'Stressed out' cocoa trees could produce more flavorful chocolate 
Most people agree that chocolate tastes great, but is there a way to make it taste even better?

Decades-past logging still threatens spotted owls in national forests
Logging of the largest trees in the Sierra Nevada's national forests ended in the early 1990s after agreements were struck to protect species' habitat.

Genetics study adds further evidence that education reduces risk of Alzheimer's disease
The theory that education protects against Alzheimer's disease has been given further weight by new research from the University of Cambridge, funded by the European Union.

Litte Foot takes a bow
Little Foot is the only known virtually complete Australopithecus fossil discovered to date.

CLOCK gene may hold answers to human brain evolution
A gene controlling our biological clocks plays a vital role in regulating human-specific genes important to brain evolution.

NASA sees sees Ockhi's Rain reach India's Western coast
NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM Core Observatory satellite passed over western India on Dec.

Lack of sleep could cause mood disorders in teens
Chronic sleep deprivation -- which can involve staying up late, and waking up early for work or school -- has become a way of life for both kids and adults, especially with the increasing use of phones and tablets late into the night.

Marshmallow-like silicone gels used as insulation in containers for cryopreserved embryos
As the genetic modification of mice is increasingly used in medical and biological research, so too is the need for an efficient way to transport cryopreserved embryos and sperm.

Unearthing the underground effects of earthquakes and volcanoes
Kyushu University (Japan) researchers analyzed high-resolution seismic velocity data from 36 seismograph stations across the island of Kyushu to identify variations before, during, and after the MW 7.0 2016 Kumamoto earthquake.

Technology may help increase number of kidneys transplanted
Many deceased donor kidneys are declined for transplantation because of concerns over their quality, but a new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) study found that a technique called normothermic machine perfusion can assess the quality of a kidney and determine its suitability for transplantation.

Quantifying the greenhouse gas footprint of crop cultivation
The GHG footprint is an index used to indicate the climate change impact potential exerted by crop production.

Researchers model optimal amount of rainfall for plants
Researchers have determined what could be considered a 'Goldilocks' climate for rainfall use by plants: not too wet and not too dry.

Prior exposure to smoking may affect infants' respiratory health
In a Pediatric Pulmonology study of children aged 15 months, increasing hair nicotine levels were related to prior parent-reported smoking exposure and were associated with potential increased risks of wheeze and asthma.

Bioelectronic 'nose' can detect food spoilage by sensing the smell of death
Strong odors are an indicator that food has gone bad, but there could soon be a new way to sniff foul smells earlier on.

Clean energy: Experts outline how governments can successfully invest before it's too late
Researchers distil twenty years of lessons from clean energy funding into six 'guiding principles'.

Study finds evidence that a protein, MCP-1, may determine bone loss responses to parathyroid hormone
In a new study published in November in Scientific Reports, NYU Dentistry researchers investigating the catabolic effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in hyperparathyroidism (HPT) showed, for the first time, that monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is required for catabolic responses to PTH.

Satellite tracking provides clues about South Atlantic sea turtles' 'lost years'
A University of Central Florida biologist whose groundbreaking work tracking the movements of sea turtle yearlings in the North Atlantic Ocean attracted international attention has completed a similar study in the South Atlantic with surprising results.

Researchers devise better recommendation algorithm
Improved recommendation algorithm should work especially well when ratings data are 'sparse.'

NUS researchers uncover novel pathway to suppress virus-induced cancers
Researchers at the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore (CSI Singapore) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have identified a novel molecular pathway by which a tumour suppressor, TIP60, inhibits the growth of cancer cells.

Amount or intensity? Study examines potential benefits of exercise for patients with heart failure
Physical activity can benefit patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, a common condition with no pharmacological treatment, but no clear recommendations exist on the optimal amount or intensity of physical activity for these patients.

US and Norwegian trials compare treatment options for opioid dependence
The current opioid epidemic is destroying lives, families, and communities.

Cell tissue must not freeze!
Nature has evolved sugars, amino acids, and special antifreeze proteins as cryoprotectants.

Researchers 3-D print lifelike artificial organ models
A team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota has 3D printed lifelike artificial organ models that mimic the exact anatomical structure, mechanical properties, and look and feel of real organs.

NASA's SuperTIGER balloon flies again to study heavy cosmic particles
A science team in Antarctica is preparing to fly SuperTIGER, a balloon-borne instrument designed to collect heavy high-energy particles from beyond the solar system that constantly bombard Earth's atmosphere.

Discovery about rare nitrogen molecules offers clues to makeup of life-supporting planets
A new study on atmospheric nitrogen provides a clue about what geochemical signatures of other planets might look like, especially if they are capable of supporting life as we know it.

New species discovered in Malaysian rainforest during unprecedented, top-to-bottom survey
This fall, the California Academy of Sciences partnered with The Habitat Penang Hill and colleagues to conduct a rainforest survey on Malaysia's island state of Penang.

A South American amphibian could potentially hold the key in curing cirrhosis
The unique liver function of a South American amphibian, Siphonops annulatus, could pave the way to finding a cure to the devastating liver condition cirrhosis, a new study published in the prestigious Journal of Anatomy reports.

'Green' cataract surgery model drastically reduces environmental footprint
Faculty at NYU School of Medicine report that a healthcare center in India's model for cataract surgery emits 96 percent less carbon than in the United Kingdom -- and a likely even greater savings in the United States -- while yielding comparable or better health outcomes for one of the world's most common surgical procedures.

What's that smell? The advantage of sniffing
Breathe in through your nose, and chances are you will feel the air coming in and also smell something nearby.

Study suggests hot flashes could be precursor to diabetes
Hot flashes, undoubtedly the most common symptom of menopause, are not just uncomfortable and inconvenient, but numerous studies demonstrate they may increase the risk of serious health problems, including heart disease.

Physicists from MSU stretched a diamond using an electric field
A research team from the Faculty of Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University found out a stretching of acicular diamond crystallites under action of an electric field.

Disorders of the voice can affect a politician's success
The acoustics of political speech are known to be a powerful influencer of voter preferences, but vocal disorders can change the qualities of a person's speech, and voice scientists have found that this alters politicians' perceived charisma.

Freezing trees, finding answers
Ice storms can wreak havoc on communities. Frozen limbs, dragged down by the weight of the ice, can snap off and fall on cars, homes, and power lines.

What gave early New Orleans jazz clarinets their unique sound?
The hauntingly beautiful 'wailing' sounds of early New Orleans jazz clarinets, often featured in brass bands or jazz funerals, are one of the most distinctive instrument styles in American music.

New study: Traumatic brain injury causes intestinal damage
Researchers have found a two-way link between traumatic brain injury and intestinal changes.

Flipping the electron spin
When lithium-ion batteries are charged too quickly, metallic lithium gets deposited on the anodes.

Short intervention boosts safe-sex skills in teen girls
A recent study from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill finds that a 45-minute online sexual health program improved the ability of teen girls to communicate effectively about safe sex.

Combating eye injuries with a reversible superglue seal
A team of scientists and engineers at USC has developed a reversible, on-the-spot, temperature-sensitive gel that could seal eye injuries on the battlefield.

Study finds recreational drug users not what we think
A reasearcher from James Cook University in Queensland has been investigating why Australians are among the top users of illegal drugs in the world -- and has uncovered some revealing new facts about the motivations of recreational drug users.

Forests are the key to fresh water
Freshwater resources are critical to both human civilization and natural ecosystems, but UBC researchers have discovered that changes to ground vegetation can have as much of an impact on global water resources as climate change. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to