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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | December 07, 2017


Video game system technology helping physical therapists, athletic trainers
Motion-based lab technology can help physical therapists, clinicians and athletic trainers analyze how we move -- it also is very expensive.
Stretching language to its limit
A disregard for human traditions, the brutality of predation, sacrifice, and sexual desire are ingrained in languages across cultures.
McMaster researchers find genes may 'snowball' obesity
The researchers looked at 37 genes that are well established as modulating the body mass in 75,230 adults with European ancestry and found the nine with the snowball effect.
Mindful yoga can reduce risky behaviors in troubled youth, says UC research
Study shows a marked reduction in risky sex and substance abuse in troubled 18- to 24-year-olds after several months of participating in mindful yoga and positive coping strategies.
Ditch plan to disregard all athletic world records before 2005, urge experts
The proposal by the European Athletics Council to disregard all athletic world records set before 2005 should be abandoned, insist experts in an editorial published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Revising the story of the dispersal of modern humans across Eurasia
Most people are now familiar with the traditional 'Out of Africa' model: modern humans evolved in Africa and then dispersed across Asia and reached Australia in a single wave about 60,000 years ago.
People with Huntington's want more openness around assisted dying
Research has shown that better communication around assisted dying is needed between clinician and patients diagnosed with Huntington's disease.
Duration of sleep increases and sleeping difficulties decrease after retirement
When people retire from work life, they sleep approximately 20 minutes longer than before retirement.
Quick evaluation can predict whether drugs, talk therapy work better for anxiety patients
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have found that a brief test that can be performed in the office can help determine whether an antidepressant or a form of talk therapy, called cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT, would be better at relieving symptoms of anxiety in individual patients.
A spring-loaded sensor for cholesterol in cells
New research from the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, to be published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry on Dec.
Airline food study 2017 - 2018
Hunter College NYC Food Policy Center and DietDetective.com have released the 2017-18 Airline Food Study, rating foods for twelve (12) airlines.
More than 1,000 ancient sealings discovered
Classical scholars from the Cluster of Excellence discover a large number of sealings in southeast Turkey.
Parental lifespan genes could hold clue to longer life
The study undertook a genome-wide search for variants influencing how long participants' parents lived.
Innovative system images photosynthesis to provide picture of plant health
Researchers have developed a new imaging system that is designed to monitor the health of crops in the field or greenhouse.
Acupuncture significantly reduces joint pain for breast cancer patients
In the largest, most rigorous study of its kind, acupuncture was found to significantly reduce the debilitating joint pain experienced by tens of thousands of women each year while being treated for early stage breast cancer, according to SWOG research results to be announced at a Dec.
New Lyme disease tests could offer quicker, more accurate detection
New diagnostic methods offer a better chance for more accurate detection of the infection from the Lyme bacteria, the most common tick-borne infection in North America and Europe.
Spark Therapeutics and Pfizer announce publication in The New England Journal of Medicine of Interim Data from phase 1/2 clinical trial of investigational gene therapy for Hemophilia B
Spark Therapeutics (NASDAQ: ONCE), a fully integrated gene therapy company dedicated to challenging the inevitability of genetic disease, and Pfizer Inc.
Mount Sinai researchers use breakthrough technology to understand eclipse eye damage
Research could lead to new treatment for solar retinopathy.
How malaria tricks the immune system
The new study suggest a possible defense in the battle against this deadly disease.
Virtual reality makes journalism immersive, realism makes it credible
Virtual reality technology may help journalists pull an audience into their stories, but they should avoid being too flashy, or their credibility could suffer, according to a team of researchers.
UGR research calls current methods of studying photosynthesis into question
New theory developed by Prof. Andrew Kowalski, which records non-diffusive gas transport, key to calculating water use efficiency and CO2 concentrations in plants.
Inadequate regulation for vaginal mesh products has exposed women to unnecessary harms, warn experts
Inadequate regulatory processes for vaginal mesh products used to treat stress incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse have exposed women to unnecessary harms, warn experts in The BMJ today.
Money-saving health plans do little to curb spending on unnecessary medical services
Claims for unnecessary medical services remain steady, despite changes in the insurance market designed to place more spending decisions in consumers' hands.
Is there a musical method for interpreting speech?
Vocoded speech, or distorted speech that imitates voice transduction by a cochlear implant, is used throughout acoustic and auditory research to explore speech comprehension under various conditions.
Life of an albatross: Tackling individuality in studies of populations
Ecologists commonly round off the individuality of individuals, treating animals of the same species, sex, and age like identical units.
Police officers highly motivated by supervisor scrutiny
Police officers are highly responsive to the scrutiny of their superiors, a Princeton University study shows.
In the blink of an eye: People perceive sex ratio & threat of group in less than a second
New research from UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) shows people perceive the sex ratio of a group, and decide if the group is threatening or not, in half a second.
New discovery, more bees mark Michigan's first, full bee census
The first complete bee census, led by Michigan State University scientists, confirmed a new species and revealed that the actual number of bee species in Michigan exceeded earlier estimates.
Suite of Monash papers shed light on decade-long stem cell mystery
A series of studies led by Monash University researcher Associate Professor Jose Polo have this week shed light on vital, yet previously unclear, aspects of cell reprogramming.
Disappearing sea snakes surprise researchers with hidden genetic diversity
New research suggests an urgent need to find out why sea snakes are disappearing from known habitats, after it was discovered some seemingly identical sea snake populations are actually genetically distinct.
Swansea research finds babies that feed themselves have no increased risk of choking
New research from Swansea University shows that letting babies feed themselves solid foods from as young as six months does not increase the risk of them choking compared to spoon-feeding them.
First line combination therapy improves progression-free survival in advanced lung cancer
A new combination therapy for the first line treatment of advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) improves progression-free survival (PFS), according to results of the phase III IMpower150 trial presented at the ESMO Immuno Oncology Congress 2017.
Screen time before bed linked with less sleep, higher BMIs in kids
It may be tempting to let your kids stay up late playing games on their smartphones, but using digital devices before bed may contribute to sleep and nutrition problems in children, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
Novel lenses enable X-ray microscopy with record resolution
Scientists at DESY have developed novel lenses that enable X-ray microscopy with record resolution in the nanometer regime.
Algae could feed and fuel planet with aid of new high-tech tool
Vast quantities of medicines and renewable fuels could be produced by algae using a new gene-editing technique, a study suggests.
Cochrane review of effectiveness of strategies to improve access to treatment for TB
In a new Cochrane Review, researchers from Tanzania working with colleagues in LSTM have evaluated the effectiveness of strategies to improve people's access to treatment for tuberculosis (TB).
Could death rates have swung the 2016 election?
A new study shows that climbing mortality rates of middle-aged white people were associated with many counties voting Republican in the 2016 presidential election.
The Aurora Australis, or Southern Lights, over the South Pole Telescope.
Observations of two galaxies made with the National Science Foundation-funded Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) radio telescope suggest that large galaxies formed faster than scientists had previously thought.
Psychologist examines methods of classifying mental disorders
Lee Anna Clark and her team present the challenges in using three major diagnostic manuals from a scientific perspective and offer some recommendations for re-conceptualizing the mental disorders they describe.
New Stanford study analyzes recent research on causes of gun violence
Consensus is growing in recent research evaluating the impact of right-to-carry concealed handgun laws, showing that they increase violent crime, despite what older research says.
New compound stops progressive kidney disease in its tracks
Researchers describe a new approach to prevent death in essential kidney cells during kidney disease.
Researchers launch atlas of developing human brain
Now researchers at UC San Francisco have taken the first step towards a comprehensive atlas of gene expression in cells across the developing human brain, making available new insights into how specific cells and gene networks contribute to building this most complex of organs, and serving as a resource for researchers around the world to study the interplay between these genetic programs and neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, intellectual disability, and schizophrenia.
Temple research: Canola oil linked to worsened memory & learning ability in Alzheimer's
Canola oil is one of the most widely consumed vegetable oils, yet little is known about its health effects.
Sandy Hook shooting aftermath: Increased gun sales, more accidental deaths by firearms
In the wake of the 2012 mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School, in Newtown, Conn., the number of guns purchased in America spiked compared to baseline levels, and there were 60 additional accidental deaths related to firearms -- 20 among children and 40 among adults, a new study estimates.
New study funded by Morris Animal Foundation demonstrates loss of drug potency
Drugs work best when their potency remains stable or consistent, but a new study funded by Morris Animal Foundation shows a commonly compounded antimicrobial drug used in veterinary medicine may be losing potency over time.
New power devices could drastically reduce energy waste
At the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers' International Electron Devices Meeting this week, researchers from MIT, semiconductor company IQE, Columbia University, IBM, and the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, presented a new design that, in tests, enabled gallium nitride power devices to handle voltages of 1,200 volts.
Leading doctors back legal action to force UK government to cut carbon emissions
In an open letter published by The BMJ today, 18 health professionals, including The BMJ's Editor in Chief Dr.
Heart monitors on wild narwhals reveal alarming responses to stress
Stress from human disturbances could cause behavioral responses in narwhals that are inconsistent with their physiological capacities, researchers say.
The structure of cool
A team of researchers from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and Duke University has made the first determination of the atomic structure of Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 8 (TRPM8), a molecular sensor in nerve ends that detects cold temperatures as well as menthol and other chemicals that induce cold sensations.
It's all in the ears: Inner ears of extinct sea monsters mirror those of today's animals
A new study led by Oxford University Museum of Natural History has revealed that an extinct group of marine reptiles called sauropterygians evolved similar inner ear proportions to those of some modern day aquatic reptiles and mammals.
The unique pentraxin-carbonic anhydrase protein regulates the ability of fish to swim
A study carried out at the University of Tampere has shown that carbonic anhydrase VI (CA VI) is present in some species as a combination of two proteins.
New guidelines to tackle China's severe air pollution problem
More must be done to tackle air pollution in China, according to a leading climate change expert in a new study published today in the journal Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters.
Uncovering varied pathways to agriculture
New dates for a 15,000-year-old site in Jordan challenge some prevailing assumptions about the beginnings of permanent settlement.
An unexpected way to boost fishery yields using dams
A new study based on the Mekong River basin, home to one of the largest freshwater fisheries in the world, reveals particular dam flow patterns that could be harnessed to boost food production -- by up to nearly four-fold compared to un-dammed ecosystems.
Understanding mental disorder through a scientific lens
As science reveals more about the origins and development of mental disorder, it also raises more questions.
Protamine neutralizes CSPG-mediated inhibition of oligodendrocyte differentiation
The research group of researcher Akihiro Fujikawa and Professor Masaharu Noda of the National Institute for Basic Biology developed a screening method to obtain neutralizing agents for canceling the inhibitory effects of CSPGs on oligodendrocyte differentiation.
Discrimination harms your health -- and your partner's
Discrimination not only harms the health and well-being of the victim, but the victim's romantic partner as well, indicates new research led by a Michigan State University scholar.
Community practices not following guidelines for MRI breast cancer screening
Guidelines are not being followed to ensure that breast cancer screening of high risk women, such as those with a strong family history of breast cancer, includes an additional MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan.
Patient bedside important for medical student learning
Boston - A new web-based tool aimed at improving experiential learning for medical students has demonstrated that learning occurs in patient rooms and in other areas within the hospital, including workstations.
Mining electronic medical records could help depression patients find the right treatment
Personalized medicine has been one of the most promising medical developments in recent years.
Russian scientist found out what happens with 'smart' magnetic gel in a magnetic field
A remarkable feature of magnetic gels is their ability to change their elastic properties under the influence of moderately strong magnetic fields (fields easily provided in laboratories).
Novel harvesting method rapidly produces superior stem cells for transplantation
A new method of harvesting stem cells for bone marrow transplantation -- developed by a team of investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute -- may make the donation process more convenient and less unpleasant for donors while providing cells that are superior to those acquired by current protocols.
Breath test could be possible for drugs and disease
Testing for drug use and disease in humans could soon be much simpler, thanks to new Swedish research.
Research dispels misconception of superconductivity in niobium compound
Physics manuals have considered niobium boride to be superconductive for more than six decades.
New algorithm recognizes distinct dolphin clicks in underwater recordings
Scientists have developed a new algorithm that can identify distinct dolphin click patterns among millions of clicks in recordings of wild dolphins.
Arctic influences Eurasian weather and climate
Over the past decades the Arctic has lost 65% of its sea ice volume.
Monkey feel, monkey do: Microstimulation in premotor cortex can instruct movement
Finding ways to get around those broken networks in the brain is an important area of research for those seeking to develop treatment interventions.
Rules for superconductivity mirrored in 'excitonic insulator'
Rice University physicists dedicated to creating the working components of a fault-tolerant quantum computer have succeeded in creating an 'excitonic insulator,' a previously unseen state of matter that could be useful for encoding information in a topological quantum computer.
Special issue to highlight impact of changes in Arctic climate
There's controversy in climate change research -- not whether climate change exists, but how the evidence is gathered and used to inform predictions.
A common virus may help inform treatment planning for stem cell transplant patients
a team of scientists from VCU Massey Cancer Center have shown a genetic relationship between the reactivation of the human cytomegalovirus and the onset of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a potentially deadly condition in which the immune system attacks healthy tissue following a bone marrow or stem cell transplant.
Scientist's accidental exhale leads to improved DNA detector
Researchers at the Universities of Rochester and Ottawa have developed a novel nanoscale device for detecting DNA biomarkers.
Black holes' magnetism surprisingly wimpy
In a paper to be published this week in the journal Science, University of Florida scientists have discovered these tears in the fabric of the universe have significantly weaker magnetic fields than previously thought.
Mutations in neurons accumulate as we age; may explain normal cognitive decline & neurodegeneration
A study published online today in Science, led by researchers from Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, used whole-genome sequencing of individual neurons and found strong evidence that brain mutations accumulate as we age.
Smartphone case offers blood glucose monitoring on the go
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a smartphone case and app that could make it easier for patients to record and track their blood glucose readings, whether they're at home or on the go.
New insights into life and death of Jumbo the elephant revealed in BBC One documentary
University of Leicester archaeologist Dr. Richard Thomas provides expertise to upcoming BBC One documentary with Sir David Attenborough on Sunday, Dec.
A glimpse of the magnetic field around a black hole
A sudden flare and cooling of gas around a black hole in a binary system has offered astronomers a rare opportunity to measure the system's magnetic field, finding it weaker than expected.
International collaboration could reduce smoking prevalence, MU researchers find
In a new study comparing smoking rates and regulations between the US and Turkey, Mansoo Yu, associate professor of social work at the University of Missouri, found the rate of current smoking is higher in Turkey at 27 percent compared to the US at 18 percent.
'Obesity paradox' not found when measuring new cases of cardiovascular disease
A new study by NYU College of Global Public Health and the University of Michigan finds that the 'obesity paradox' is not present among people with new cases of cardiovascular disease.
The molecular structure of a forest aroma deconstructed
The fresh, unmistakable scent of a pine forest comes from a medley of chemicals produced by its trees.
Why we can't always stop what we've started
When we try to stop a body movement at the last second, perhaps to keep ourselves from stepping on what we just realized was ice, we can't always do it -- and neuroscientists have figured out why.
Risk for depression, burnout and low quality of life
The current financial crisis has heavily impacted the public sector in Europe and, to a greater extent, in countries in which the public system has higher costs.
Evolution: It's all in the ears
A new study by a team of international experts, led by Dr James Neenan, a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Evolutionary Studies Institute at Wits University in South Africa, has revealed that a completely extinct group of marine reptiles called sauropterygians evolved similar inner ear proportions to those of some modern day aquatic reptiles and mammals.
Research suggests new pathways for hyperaldosteronism
Researchers have identified a mechanism that explains the development of hyperaldosteronism, a condition in which the adrenal glands produce too much aldosterone.
Researchers make important bacterial discovery in oral pre-cancer condition
Scientists at the School of Dental Science in Trinity have made an important discovery involving bacteria and a pre-cancerous growth called oral leuoplakia which can precede oral cancer.
New manifestation of magnetic monopoles discovered
While magnetic monopoles in the form of elementary particles remain elusive, there have been some recent successes in engineering objects that behave effectively like magnetic monopoles.
Mechanism identified behind enzyme involved in liver and other human cancers
To understand what has gone wrong when cancer occurs and to create new possibilities for treatment, it is important to understand the molecular mechanisms behind what is happening at the cellular level.
Space program should focus on Mars, says editor of New Space
The US space exploration program should continue to focus on robotic sample recovery and human missions to Mars, says Scott Hubbard, Editor-in-Chief of New Space.
New Lancaster study 'reimagines infertility'
New research from Lancaster University has identified the 'invisible infertile', a group of marginalized people missing from survey data sources because they do not fit neatly into popular notions of who is at risk of infertility.
'Cyberbiosecurity' and protecting the life sciences
Biology and biotechnology have entered a digital age, but security policies around such activities have not kept pace.
How the cat parasite exploits immune cells to reach the brain
Scientists have previously shown that a parasite from cats can infect people's brain and affect our behaviour.
Life under the surface in live broadcast
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have invented new systems to study the life of microorganisms in the ground.
Freeze and flee: The costly 'escape' response of narwhals
East Greenland narwhals exhibit both 'freeze' and 'flee' responses when escaping from threats, researchers report.
Study finds ways to avoid hidden dangers of accumulated stresses on seagrass
A new QUT-led study has found ways to detect hidden dangers of repeated stresses on seagrass using statistical modelling.
530-million-year-old fossil has look of world's oldest eye, study suggests
A 530-million-year-old fossil contains what could be the oldest eye ever discovered, a study reveals.
Brittle starfish shows how to make tough ceramics
Nature inspires innovation. An international team lead by researchers at Technion -- Israel Institute of Technology, together with ESRF -- the European Synchrotron, Grenoble, France -- scientists, have discovered how a brittle star can create material like tempered glass underwater.
CRISPR-Cas9 technique targeting epigenetics reverses disease in mice
In a paper appearing in the journal Cell on Dec.
Aging with an intellectual disability -- new longitudinal report
The IDS-TILDA Wave 3 report shows increased rates of health screening, contrasted by increases in chronic health conditions and emerging social isolation issues.
Is age-related hearing loss associated with increased risk for cognitive decline, dementia?
Age-related hearing loss may be a risk factor for cognitive decline, impairment and dementia.
Being treated unfairly at work increases risk of long-term sick leave
Staff who feel they are treated unfairly at work are at increased risk of being off sick more frequently and for longer, according to new research by the University of East Anglia (UEA) and Stockholm University.
5G set to revolutionize communications and to transform industry
The new generation of 5G mobile networks is the future of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector -- a true technological revolution that will deliver the Internet of Things and is being driven by R&D+i initiatives like '5TONIC,' Spain's leading 5G innovation laboratory.
Common fungus helps dengue virus thrive in mosquitoes
A species of fungus that lives in the gut of some Aedes aegypti mosquitoes increases the ability of dengue virus to survive in the insects, according to a study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Physiochemical 'fingerprint' of parasitic 'American murderer' uncovered
The physical and chemical 'fingerprint' profile of a parasitic worm, which infects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, has been uncovered by researchers at the University of Nottingham -- a discovery that could allow for more effective and earlier treatment.
Learning from Mr. Spock: Gunderman examines sci-fi as social commentary
What if science fiction like the Star Trek series could teach us how to better understand and engage with the real world around us?
Revised trainee guidelines permit full spectrum of 'conscientious objection'
Trainee doctors and nurses can opt out of providing certain aspects of sexual and reproductive healthcare, but only if they can ensure that patients' needs are still being met, whatever their own personal beliefs, say new guidelines on 'conscientious objection' from the Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare.
Inhibiting TOR boosts regenerative potential of adult tissues
Adult stem cells replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues throughout our lifetime.
Solar power advances possible with new 'double-glazing' device
A new 'double-glazing' solar power device -- which is unlike any existing solar panel and opens up fresh opportunities to develop more advanced photovoltaics -- has been invented by University of Warwick researchers.
Dust on the wind: Study reveals surprising role of dust in mountain ecosystems
Trees growing atop granite in the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains rely on nutrients from windborne dust more than on nutrients from the underlying bedrock.
Venezuelan rock art mapped in unprecedented detail
Rock engravings located in Western Venezuela -- including some of the largest recorded anywhere in the world -- have been mapped in unprecedented detail by UCL researchers.
Brain scans may reveal most effective anti-drug messages
What if you could look into the brains of potential drug abusers and see what messages would be most likely to persuade them to 'just say no?' That's the ultimate goal of researchers whose new study scanned the brains of people while they watched anti-drug public service announcements.
Are molecules right-handed or left-handed?
An international research team reveals the subtle properties of mirror molecules.
Inflammatory factors linked to inhibition of factor VIII gene therapy in hemophilia A
As a gene therapy cure for hemophilia A moves closer to reality, a new study sheds light on a challenging complication in which a host autoimmune response inhibits the production of normal clotting factor VIII from the transferred FVIII gene.
UT Dallas researchers develop techniques to analyze thousands of hours of Apollo mission audio
UT Dallas researchers develop speech-processing techniques to reconstruct NASA lunar mission audio from a massive archive.
Researchers establish long-sought source of ocean methane
A significant amount of the methane naturally released into the atmosphere comes from the ocean.
Scientists identify first brain cells that respond to sound
A new study is the first to identify a mechanism that could explain an early link between sound input and cognitive function, often called the 'Mozart effect.'
Scientists create stretchable battery made entirely out of fabric
A research team led by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York has developed an entirely textile-based, bacteria-powered bio-battery that could one day be integrated into wearable electronics.
Number of genetic markers linked to lifespan triples
Researchers at the University of Connecticut, University of Exeter, University of Wisconsin and University of Iowa studied 389,166 volunteers who gave DNA samples to the UK Biobank, US Health and Retirement Study and the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study.
Indian's 'revolution' inspired by Bolsheviks, according to new academic article spurred on by Britain plundering the Sub-Continent's wealth
As Russia's revolution celebrates its centenary, Dr Kalim Siddiqui draws comparisons with India's push for independence.
Biological factors don't fully explain racial disparities for breast cancer type
The biological features of patients' tumors partially explained a racial disparity for women with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, but UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers said it didn't explain it completely.
Salk scientists modify CRISPR to epigenetically treat diabetes, kidney disease, muscular dystrophy
Salk scientists redesign CRISPR to create precision medicine tool that does not damage DNA.
How we learn: Mastering the features around you rather than learning about individual objects
A Dartmouth-led study on how we learn finds that humans tend to rely on learning about the features of an object, rather than on the individual object itself.
Media research: Time not up for newsprint
Youth spend more time with newspapers in print than online, shows a new study.
Making fuel out of thick air
Making fuel out of thick air In a new study, researchers at the U.S.
Bacteria activate their own killer
A new photothermal treatment could help to overcome antibiotic resistance.
One wet winter can shake up San Francisco Bay's invasive species
For many Californians, last year's wet winter triggered a case of whiplash.
UCLA chemists synthesize narrow ribbons of graphene using only light and heat
UCLA chemists have developed a new method to produce graphene nanoribbons, which are widely viewed as a next-generation material that might one day power the world's electronic devices.
Study sheds light on the voices in our head
As far our brain is concerned, talking to ourselves in our heads may be fundamentally the same as speaking our thoughts out loud, new research shows.
Foreign investments crucial for positive return on exports
Experts at Higher School of Economics have shown that the availability of direct foreign investment is an important and necessary condition for positive return on exports for companies operating in foreign markets.
New mapping technique can help fight extreme poverty
A new mapping technique, described in the Nov. 14 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, shows how researchers are developing computational tools that combine cellphone records with data from satellites and geographic information systems to create timely and incredibly detailed poverty maps.
Population of Americans with Alzheimer's will more than double by 2060, UCLA study shows
About 15 million Americans will have either Alzheimer's dementia or mild cognitive impairment by 2060, up from approximately 6.08 million this year.
Study highlights the need for research into prevention of inflammatory bowel disease
Countries in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South America have seen a rise in incidence of inflammatory bowel disease as they have become increasingly industrialized and westernized, a new study has found.
New forms of orchids identified and described by Lobachevsky University scientists
At the 22nd World Orchid Conference held in Guayaquil, Ecuador, Lobachevsky University was represented by Director of the Botanical Garden Alexander Shirokov and head of the laboratory at the UNN Institute of Biology and Biomedicine Lavr Kryukov who shared the results of their studies of the polymorphism of Cypripedium guttatum flowers in Russia.
Electrical stimulation in brain bypasses senses, instructs movement
The brain's complex network of neurons enables us to interpret and effortlessly navigate and interact with the world around us.
Hydropower dams can be managed without an all-or-nothing choice between energy and food
Nearly 100 hydropower dams are planned for construction along tributaries off the Mekong River's 2,700-mile stretch.
Crafty crows know what it takes to make a good tool
Biologists at the University of St Andrews have discovered how New Caledonian crows make one of their most sophisticated tool designs -- sticks with a neatly shaped hooked tip.
Hope for autism: Optogenetics shines light on social interactions
Ilana Witten's research, using mice to identify a neural link between spatial learning and socialization, hints at new avenues to help people with autism and other social behavior disorders that affect their prefrontal cortex.
Arctic sea ice loss and the Eurasian winter cooling trend: Is there a link?
Are sea ice changes impacting weather patterns in non-Arctic regions?
Projected winter Arctic sea-ice decline coupled to Eurasian circulation
When a model simulates a larger sea-ice decline, how does the circulation outside the Arctic change?
When your spinal cord takes charge
Salk researchers discover spinal cord neurons that inhibit distracting input to focus on task at hand.
Galaxy orbits in the local supercluster
A team of astronomers from Maryland, Hawaii, Israel and France has produced the most detailed map ever of the orbits of galaxies in our extended local neighborhood, showing the past motions of almost 1,400 galaxies within 100 million light years of the Milky Way.

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