Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 26, 2017
Dietary restriction and life span in male and hermaphrodite worms
An organism's lifespan is known to be affected by its sex and diet, but where these two factors overlap biologically is not well understood.

CD4 T cells, xenobiotic transporters, and metabolites in inflammatory bowel diseases
Few studies have investigated the interaction between intestinal T cells with metabolites.

A new strategy for efficient hydrogen production
An joint research team, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has introduced the Hybrid-SOEC system with highest reported electrochemical performance in hydrogen production.

Toward designing/controlling flexibility of MOFs
As one of the most important characteristics of porous coordination polymers or metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), framework flexibility is not only interesting but also useful.

Alaskan microgrids offer energy resilience and independence
The electrical grid in the contiguous United States is a behemoth of interconnected systems; if one section fails, millions could be without power.

Pulmonary fibrosis caused by single transcription factor
Reduced FoxO3 activity reprograms connective tissue cells, triggering the disease.

Short-term exposure to low levels of air pollution linked with premature death among US seniors
Short-term exposures to fine particulate air pollution and ozone -- even at levels well below current national safety standards -- were linked to higher risk of premature death among the elderly in the US according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Technique to allow AI to learn words in the flow of dialogue developed
A group of researchers at Osaka University has developed a new method for dialogue systems.

Traditional secrets to keeping cool: Investigating Okinawan textiles
Researchers at OIST and the University of Ryukyus have scientifically analyzed traditional materials and processes involved in the production of Okinawan Basho-fu textiles.

New laws increase access to healthcare delivery for advanced practice registered nurses
As 2017 comes to a close, many states have enacted laws and regulations expanding access to healthcare provided by advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs), according to the 30th Annual Legislative Update in the January issue of The Nurse Practitioner, published by Wolters Kluwer.

Development of a nanowire device to detect cancer with a urine test
MicroRNAs contained within extracellular vesicles (EVs) may serve as diagnostic markers for several types of cancer.

A powerful guiding principle for topological quantum synthesis
The collaborative team of Prof. Huijun Liu at Wuhan University, Prof.

Satellite keeps an eye on US holiday travel weather
A satellite view of the US on Dec. 22 revealed holiday travelers on both coasts are running into wet weather.

Short-term exposure to air pollution at levels below current standards and risk of death
Short-term exposure to air pollution at levels below current air quality standards were associated with a higher risk of death in older adults.

Brainstem changes underlie sound sensitivity in fragile X mouse model
Developmental changes in the brainstem driven by fragile X syndrome (FXS) -- a condition that often co-occurs with autism spectrum disorder in humans -- may underlie the hypersensitivity to sound observed in both humans and a mouse model of the disorder, according to animal research published in eNeuro.

Social interactions override genetics when birds learn new songs
New UC San Francisco research finds that although young male songbirds are genetically predisposed to sound like their fathers, enriched early experience with a foster-father can overcome this genetic destiny.

Mass spectrometric imaging technique makes diagnosis easier and smarter
A research team from Korea succeeded develop mass spectrometry imaging system to analyze living biological samples in the atmospheric pressure environment at resolution of 3 μm.

Scientists should be super modelers
Scholars and conservationists want to aim for the right future to preserve biodiversity and plan sustainable environments.

Understanding the molecular mechanisms of ALS
Scientists have revealed more details of the molecular mechanism behind neuronal cell death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a step forward to find ways to control progression of the disease.

Are childhood blood lead levels associated with criminal behavior?
Researchers found no consistent association between childhood lead exposure and adult criminal behavior in New Zealand where low socioeconomic status, which confuses the association in settings with socioeconomic disparities, is less of a factor.

The scientists from MSU developed a basis for highly sensitive gas sensors
A team from the Faculty of Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University suggested using porous silicon nanowire arrays in highly sensitive gas sensors.

2017 top science news release breaks EurekAlert!'s all-time record
The most popular news release on EurekAlert! In 2017 is also the most-visited in the science-news service's 21-year history.

Human influences have reduced the likelihood of record-breaking cold event in China
Collaborative efforts investigated the effect of anthropogenic forcings on the likelihood of record-breaking cold event in Eastern China.

Befriending oneself has benefits, but backup plan recommended
A self-replicating fish replicates only its own DNA, but researchers have found the mangrove killifish has a remarkable amount of genetic diversity across its species.

Neuroscientists shed light on causes of postpartum depression using new research model
Postpartum depression strikes nearly one in five new mothers. Stress is a significant risk factor for this complex condition.

Calcium, vitamin D supplements not associated with lower risk of fractures
Supplements containing calcium, vitamin D or both did not appear to protect against hip fracture and other bone breaks in older adults.

New strategy for isotope separation with flexible porous material
An international team of researchers, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has succeeded in developing a novel deuterium separation method, using a special class of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) whose pore dimensions change upon gas adsorption.

NTU study finds that hackers could guess your phone PIN using its sensor data
Data from the physical sensors in a smart phone could be used by hackers to guess the security PIN and unlock it, says NTU Singapore researchers.

Thermoelectric power generation at room temperature: Coming soon?
A research team led by Osaka University created a thermoelectric material with promising performance at room temperature.
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