Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 28, 2017
Ophthalmologists increasingly dissatisfied with electronic health records
Ophthalmologists' use of electronic health records (EHR) systems for storing and accessing patients' medical histories more than doubled between 2006 and 2016, while their perceptions of financial and clinical productivity following EHR implementation declined, a study published today in JAMA Ophthalmology shows.

NASA finds heavy rain in new Tropical Cyclone Hilda
As Tropical Cyclone Hilda was coming together in the Southern Indian Ocean the GPM satellite analyzed its rainfall from space.

Engineers hack cell biology to create 3-D shapes from living tissue
Many of the complex folded shapes that form mammalian tissues can be explained with very simple instructions, UC San Francisco bioengineers report Dec.

Defect in zinc supply mechanism affects pathology of intractable pulmonary diseases
Japanese researchers revealed that abnormal delivery of zinc to lung cells contributes to obstructive pulmonary diseases.

Charcoal remains could accelerate CO2 emissions after forest fires
Charcoal remains after a forest fire help decompose fine roots in the soil, potentially accelerating CO2 emissions in boreal forests.

New patch aims to turn energy-storing fats into energy-burning fats
A new approach to reducing bulging tummy fats has shown promise in laboratory trials.

The wave power farm off Mutriku could improve its efficiency
The study by the UPV/EHU's EOLO (Meteorology, Climate and Environment) research group reveals that the technology used at the farm off Mutriku -- a global pioneer in generating wave power -- needs to improve its output to be on a par with the values of other renewable energy sources, and to facilitate the marketing of its power.

Carfilzomib can lead to cardiovascular toxicity in multiple myeloma patients
The proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib has taken on an increasing role in the treatment of multiple myeloma, but new research from the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania shows the therapy comes with the risk of cardiovascular problems in a higher than expected percentage of patients.

Cancer overrides the circadian clock to survive
Tumor cells use the unfolded protein response to alter circadian rhythm, which contributes to more tumor growth, researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) find.

Gene therapy using CAR T-cells could provide long-term protection against HIV
Through gene therapy, researchers engineered blood-forming stem cells (hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, or HSPCs) to carry chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) genes to make cells that can detect and destroy HIV-infected cells.

The Caribbean is stressed out
Forty percent of the world's 2.5 billion people live in coastal cities and towns.

UCLA researchers report novel complementary effects of estrogen treatment in MS
A study reveals the cellular basis for how the hormone protects against damage to the central nervous system.

Jaguar conservation depends on neighbors' attitudes
A survey of residents near two major national parks in Panama indicates that jaguars deserve increased protection.

Modeling helped to improve the configuration of an autonomous heat supply unit
In their article the authors of the study presented a mathematical model describing the work of an electrical technological unit for autonomous heat supply (EKAT).

New structure of key protein holds clues for better drug design
Nobel laureate Kuth W├╝thrich investigates the structure of an important drug target.

Want to beat antibiotic-resistant superbugs? Rethink that strep throat remedy
Antibiotics could become nearly useless by mid-century against intense infections due to bacteria evolving antibiotic resistance.

Droughts and ecosystems are determined by the interaction of two climate phenomena
A piece of collaborative research in which the UPV/EHU participated in has discovered an interaction between two climate phenomena that could be crucial for water, agricultural and forestry planning and for assessing the climate vulnerability of ecosystems when facing unprecedented warming scenarios in the Mediterranean.

How neurotechnologies impact risk appetite
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics have shown that by stimulating the frontal cortex, a person's financial risk appetite can be increased temporarily.

A cluster of mutations in neurofibromatosis is important risk factor for severe symptoms
Research led by Ludwine Messiaen shows that missense mutations in a cluster of just five codons in the NF1 gene are an important risk factor for severe symptoms of the genetic disease neurofibromatosis type 1.

Double strike against tuberculosis
In search of new strategies against life-threatening tuberculosis infections, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), as well as Harvard University and Texas A&M University in the USA have found a new ally.

Study shows increased risk of uterine fibroids in African-American women with a common form of hair
In a study of medical records gathered on hundreds of thousands of African-American women, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have evidence that women with a common form of hair loss have an increased chance of developing uterine leiomyomas, or fibroids

A new regulator of vesicle trafficking in plants
A protein that transports the simple chemical choline plays a major role in vesicle trafficking, ion homeostasis, and growth and development in plants, according to two new studies publishing Dec.

Ophthalmologists report increased use of electronic health records but decreased productivity as a result
Most ophthalmologists in a survey reported using electronic health records (EHRs) but thought that EHR use decreased their productivity.

Statistical test relates pathogen mutation to infectious disease progression
Nucleic acid sequencing methods, which determine the order of nucleotides in DNA, are rapidly progressing.

Uncovering molecular targets for childhood cancer therapeutics
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common solid tumor found in children and is associated with poor prognosis; however, little is known regarding the molecular targets located in the long arm of chromosome 11 (11q).

State Medicaid expansions led to more prenatal care for low-income mothers
The Medicaid expansions for low-income parents that took place in 34 states between 1996 and 2011 led to a 2.3 percent decrease in the uninsured rate among women who already had a child and became pregnant again, and a 7.9 percent decrease in the number of mothers who didn't have insurance while they were pregnant.

Study: High-stakes tests a likely factor in STEM performance gap
Male students tend to do better on high-stakes tests in biology courses, but it's not because they are better students.

Alternative therapies for mild infections could help combat antibiotic resistance
Resistance to antibiotics poses a serious and sometimes deadly challenge to the treatment of severe bacterial infections.

Topiramate in early pregnancy increases risk of oral clefts
A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Harvard T.H.

Cholera hotspots found at Uganda's borders and lakes
Uganda is among the countries is sub-Saharan Africa where cholera remains a recurring problem, despite advances in science and technology for prevention, detection and treatment of the infectious disease.

With wrist-worn gadget, researchers capture real-life sleep for the first time
To measure a person's sleep, researchers have relied on costly and time-consuming approaches that could only be used in a sleep lab.

Getting the right treatment: Predicting treatment response in depression
New evidence from mice suggests why an antidepressant treatment can alleviate depression in one person but not another.
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