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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | January 19, 2018


Prescription drug labels provide scant dosing guidance for obese kids
Despite the US Congress providing incentives to drug manufacturers to encourage the study of medications in children, few approved drugs include safe dosing information for obese kids.
UCLA study describes structure of herpes virus linked to Kaposi's sarcoma
UCLA team shows in the laboratory that an inhibitor can be developed to break down the herpes virus.
New research collaboration with UTSA professor challenges existing models of black holes
Chris Packham, associate professor of physics and astronomy at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has collaborated on a new study that expands the scientific community's understanding of black holes in our galaxy and the magnetic fields that surround them.
2-D tin (stanene) without buckling: A possible topological insulator
An international research team led by Nagoya University synthesized planar stanene: 2-D sheets of tin atoms, analogous to graphene.
Artificial agent designs quantum experiments
On the way to an intelligent laboratory, physicists from Innsbruck and Vienna present an artificial agent that autonomously designs quantum experiments.
Increasing number of adolescents receive a psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosis
According to a national register study comparing Finnish birth cohorts from 1987 and 1997, an increasing number of adolescents receive a psychiatric or neurodevelopmental diagnosis.
Radioactivity from oil and gas wastewater persists in Pennsylvania stream sediments
More than seven years after Pennsylvania officials requested that the disposal of radium-laden fracking wastewater into surface waters be restricted, a new Duke study finds that high levels of radioactivity persist in stream sediments at three disposal sites.
Researchers illustrate how muscle growth inhibitor is activated, could aid in treating ALS
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine are part of an international team that has identified how the inactive or latent form of GDF8, a signaling protein also known as myostatin responsible for limiting muscle, is activated.
Occupational therapy improves health, quality of life of young adults with diabetes
New results from a University of Southern California-led research study demonstrates the distinct value of occupational therapy for improving the health and quality of life of young adults living with diabetes.
Thorium reactors may dispose of enormous amounts of weapons-grade plutonium
Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University are developing a new technology for multipurpose application of large amounts of weapons-grade plutonium accumulated in Russia and across the world.
Climate change affects fish reproductive phenology in plateau area: Study
The Research Group of Biological Invasion and Adaptive Evolution (BIAE; PI: CHEN Yifeng) at Institute of Hydrobiology (IHB) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently answered how reproductive phenology of Gymnocypris selincuoensis, an endemic fish in Lake Selicuo in Tibetan Plateau, associated with climate changes.
Conserving our biodiversity: Priorities for well-connected protected areas
The Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission's science and knowledge service, has measured progress and shortfalls in the connectivity of protected areas in countries across the world, identifying the main priorities to sustain or improve connectivity in each country.
Charge order and electron localization in a molecule-based solid
Charge ordering in cationic mixed-valence compounds is of crucial importance for materials science.
Piecework at the nano assembly line
Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a novel electric propulsion technology for nanorobots.
Length of opioid prescription spell highest risk for misuse after surgery
With opioid overdoses now a leading cause of nonintentional death in the United States, data show most of these deaths can be traced back to an initial prescription opioid.
'Programmable droplets' could enable high-volume biology experiments
MIT researchers have developed hardware that uses electric fields to move droplets of chemical or biological solutions around a surface, mixing them in ways that could be used to test thousands of reactions in parallel.
NMRCloudQ: A quantum cloud experience on a nuclear magnetic resonance quantum computer
Cloud-based quantum computing is the most useful form for public users to experience with the power of quantum.
'Explosive evolution' of techniques to restore blood flow to the brain
Recent decades have seen an 'explosive evolution' of techniques to restore blood flow to areas of the brain endangered by stroke or clogged arteries, according to a report by Loyola Medicine neurologists and neurosurgeons.
Hunting dogs as possible vectors for the infectious disease tularaemia
The zoonosis Tularaemia is life-threatening for rodents, rabbits and hares, but which can also infect humans and dogs.
Researchers find link between breast cancer and two gene mutations
Individuals with Lynch syndrome, a genetic condition that has long been known to carry dramatically increased risk of colorectal cancer and uterine cancer, now also have an increased risk of breast cancer.
Factor that doubles the risk of death from breast cancer identified
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered that the risk of death from breast cancer is twice as high for patients with high heterogeneity of the oestrogen receptor within the same tumour as compared to patients with low heterogeneity.
Hedgehog signaling proteins keep cancer stem cells alive
Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have discovered that the survival of cancer stem cells is dependent on the 'Hedgehog signaling pathway'.
Mice immunized with synthetic horsepox protected against vaccinia virus
Immunization with a synthetic horsepox virus offers mice similar protection to immunization with vaccinia virus against a lethal dose of vaccinia, according to a study published Jan.
Breakthrough study shows how plants sense the world
Plants lack eyes and ears, but they can still see, hear, smell and respond to environmental cues and dangers.
Infant mortality rates in Texas vary dramatically from one zip code to the next
Infant mortality rates in Texas vary dramatically even across neighboring zip codes, according to a new analysis and mapping tool from researchers at The University of Texas System and UT Health Northeast.
Creation of synthetic horsepox virus could lead to more effective smallpox vaccine
UAlberta researchers created a new synthetic virus that could lead to the development of a more effective vaccine against smallpox.
New drugs for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
1.6 million Americans suffer from IBD. There is no cure for these chronic, life-long conditions.
Early Trump support climbed in areas with recent Latino population growth
According to three political scientists from the University of California, Riverside, Donald Trump's promise to build a 'great wall' spanning the border separating the United States and Mexico, as well as subsequent remarks describing Mexican immigrants as 'criminals' and 'rapists,' had a galvanizing effect on his voter base in the initial stages of his campaign, particularly in areas of the country that had experienced considerable Latino population growth in recent years.
Novel genomic tools provide new insight into human immune system
La Jolla Institute researchers provide new insights into how so-called CD4 cytotoxic T cells arise in humans and thus could facilitate improved vaccine design to protect against chronic viral infections such as cytomegalovirus, HIV, and hepatitis C.
The Down's syndrome 'super genome'
Only 20 percent of foetuses with trisomy 21 reach full term.
Fanconi anemia: Insight from a green plant
Fanconi anemia is a human genetic disorder with severe effects, including an increased risk of cancer and infertility.
Adaptive immune response: New cofactor of roquin identified
Roquin has a key role in the adaptive immune response.
Algorithm increases employment opportunities for refugees
A data-driven approach could help increase employment levels for asylum seekers in Switzerland from 15 to 26 percent.
City lights setting traps for migrating birds
A University of Delaware study has examined how light pollution lures birds into urban areas during fall migration, a trend that poses risk for the fowl that often fly into buildings and has increased with the addition of brighter LED lights.
How metal scaffolds enhance the bone healing process
In cooperation with colleagues from the Wyss Institute at Harvard, researchers from the Julius Wolff Institute, the Berlin-Brandenburg Center for Regenerative Therapies, and Charité's Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery have shown how mechanically optimized constructs known as titanium-mesh scaffolds help optimize bone regeneration.
Study ends debate over role of steroids in treating septic shock
The results from the largest ever study of septic shock could improve treatment for critically ill patients and save health systems worldwide hundreds of millions of dollars each year.
Postoperative wound monitoring app can reduce readmissions and improve patient care
A new smartphone app called WoundCare is successfully enabling patients to remotely send images of their surgical wounds for monitoring by nurses.
Real-world intercontinental quantum communications enabled by the Micius satellite
A joint China-Austria team has performed quantum key distribution between the quantum-science satellite Micius and multiple ground stations located in Xinglong (near Beijing), Nanshan (near Urumqi), and Graz (near Vienna).
Bio-renewable process could help 'green' plastic
Plastics are often derived from petroleum, contributing to reliance on fossil fuels and driving harmful greenhouse gas emissions.
Beyond drugs for IBD: Improving the overall health of IBD patients
1.6 million Americans suffer from IBD. Identifying the best medical treatment leads to improved disease management, but IBD patients also experience mental, emotional and other physical side effects that need to be understood and managed to improve the overall health of IBD patients.
Scientists discover how treating eczema could also alleviate asthma
Scientists from VIB-UGent have discovered insights for a possible new therapy for eczema that also reduces the severity of asthma.
Thanks for the memory: NIST takes a deep look at memristors
Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have now unveiled the long-mysterious inner workings of these semiconductor elements, which can act like the short-term memory of nerve cells.
National school lunch program aces safety test
The National School Lunch Program's (NSLP) strict safety standards work, according to a new University of Connecticut study that found food safety standards for ground beef supplied to the program are highly effective in keeping harmful bacteria out of school lunches nationwide.
Virtual reality goes magnetic
The success of Pokémon GO made many people familiar with the concept of 'augmented reality': computer-generated perception blends into the real and virtual worlds.
Kaiser Permanente study finds cognitive behavioral therapy is cost-effective
Cognitive behavioral therapy (or CBT) delivered in a primary care setting is a cost-effective way to treat adolescents with depression who decline or quickly stop using antidepressants, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Pediatrics.
Cells lacking nuclei struggle to move in 3-D environments
A study led by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers and published in the Journal of Cell Biology examined the role of the physical structure of the nucleus in cell movement through different surfaces.
Cystic fibrosis bacterial burden begins during first years of life
Cystic fibrosis shortens life by making the lungs prone to repeated bacterial infections and inflammation.
Free online access to millions of documents on chemical toxicity made possible through ToxicDocs
Millions of pages of internal corporate and trade association documents relating to the introduction of new products and chemicals into the workplace and commerce have been compiled into a free searchable online database called ToxicDocs.
Older hospitalized adults are infrequently tested for influenza
This year's flu season is shaping up to be an especially serious one, and it's important for clinicians to promptly recognize, diagnosis, and treat influenza in hospitalized patients, especially in vulnerable populations such as older individuals.
A nanophenomenon that triggers the bone-repair process
Researchers at the Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia have resolved one of the great unknowns in bone self-repair: how the cells responsible for forming new bone tissue are called into action.
Climate change linked to more flowery forests, FSU study shows
New research from a Florida State University scientist has revealed a surprising relationship between surging atmospheric carbon dioxide and flower blooms in a remote tropical forest.
Researchers disprove one of the most widespread assumptions among geneticists regarding DNA
A study by a Córdoba research team, just published in Proceedings of the USA National Academy of Sciences, shows that spontaneous DNA gaps are not -- as hitherto believed -- equivalent to those produced during DNA repair
New strategies to improve the quality of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care
1.6 million Americans suffer. As with many chronic conditions, IBD patients often require frequent hospital visits due to rapid changes in their illness and can struggle with finding the balance between their health and their work/social life.
Mortality of surgery vs. targeted radiation in early lung cancer patients
Among patients older than 80 years, 3.9 percent receiving surgery passed away within the 30-day post-treatment window, compared with 0.9 percent of patients receiving focused radiation.
On the rebound
New research from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and Stanford University has found that palladium nanoparticles can repair atomic dislocations in their crystal structure, potentially leading to other advances in material science.
Have Brexit and the US presidential election made you more radical?
New Irish research suggests that political disillusionment leads to more extreme political views.
Essential oil inhaler changes dynamics for pain
Even highly effective individual pain-relieving methods benefit from the use of this odor inhaler by changing pain dynamics and improving pain relief.

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