Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 01, 2018
Meet the 'odderon': Large Hadron Collider experiment shows potential evidence of quasiparticle sought for decades
A team of high-energy experimental particle physicists, including several from the University of Kansas, has uncovered possible evidence of a subatomic quasiparticle dubbed an

New research suggests toward end of Ice Age, human beings witnessed fires larger than dinosaur killers
12,800 years ago, thanks to fragments of a comet, humans saw an astonishing 10 percent of the Earth's land surface, or about 10 million square kilometers, consumed by fires.

Scientists identify weight loss ripple effect
University of Connecticut researchers have found that when one member of a couple commits to losing weight, the chances are good their partner will lose some weight too, even if they are not actively participating in a weight loss intervention.

Practical hair regeneration technology
Researchers have developed a method for the mass preparation of cellular aggregates, also known as 'hair follicle germs (HFGs)', that may lead to a new treatment for hair loss.

Regular exercise halves complication rate after lung cancer surgery
Exercising regularly before surgery for lung cancer halves the complication rate afterwards, finds a synthesis of the available published evidence in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Changes in genes involved in DNA repair and packaging linked to risk of multiple myeloma
Researchers have identified two gene regions that contribute to multiple myeloma, an inherited cancer that occurs in bone marrow, through a new method that makes use of human disease pedigrees.

New UC Riverside research advances spintronics technology
Engineers at the University of California, Riverside, have reported advances in so-called 'spintronic' devices that will help lead to a new technology for computing and data storage.

Increasing loss of spring sea ice taxes polar bear metabolism
Tracking polar bears during the spring -- their prime hunting season, when sea ice conditions should be ideal -- reveals that in recent years, many bears are expending notably more energy than they are consuming.

UA researchers observe electrons zipping around in crystals
For the first time, scientists have tracked electrons moving through exotic materials that may make up the next generation of computing hardware, revealing intriguing properties not found in conventional, silicon-based semiconductors.

New, safe zinc oxide quantum dots
Zinc oxide as a heavy metals-free substituent for commonly investigated cadium-based semiconductors is one of the most versatile systems with far-reaching perspectives.

Severe and lingering symptoms occur in some after treatment for Lyme disease
In a study of 61 people treated for the bacteria that causes Lyme disease, Johns Hopkins researchers conclude that fatigue, pain, insomnia and depression do indeed persist over long periods of time for some people, despite largely normal physical exams and clinical laboratory testing.

Shedding light on arctic zooplankton in the dark
We know that tiny marine creatures in the Arctic respond to weak light from the Moon or the Northern Lights during the polar night.

Strange things happen when a crystal gets split in two
Researchers at the Vienna University of Technology have carefully broken potassium tantalate crystals in specific directions, and imaged the resulting surfaces using a state of the art atomic force microscope.

Family impact of congenital Zika syndrome likely to last a lifetime
The impact of congenital Zika syndrome on families will be substantial and will last a lifetime, given its severity and uncertainty about long-term outcomes for infants.

Do career NFL players have a higher risk of death?
Career players in the National Football League (NFL) had slightly higher rates of death that were not statistically different from those of replacement players who made only a few appearances during a short league strike in the 1980s.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite tracking Tropical Cyclone Cebile
Tropical Cyclone Cebile was still a powerful hurricane in the Southern Indian Ocean when NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead and captured a visible image of the storm.

Geese reduce metabolic rate to cope with winter
New research shows that geese cope with the harsh winter climate by reducing their heart rate and body temperature.

Why basal cell tumors return when drug treatment stops
A new study pinpoints a mechanism that controls how basal cell cancers respond to treatment and offers new ideas for controlling this disease when it gets tricky.

Whites with mental illness far more likely to report insufficient money for care, delays
White adults with mental illness were significantly more likely than those of other ethnicities to report having insufficient money for mental health care or facing delays in care, a Mount Sinai study found.

Polar bears finding it harder to catch enough seals to meet energy demands
A new study finds polar bears in the wild have higher metabolic rates than previously thought, and as climate change alters their environment a growing number of bears are unable to catch enough prey to meet their energy needs.

Quantum 'hack' to unleash computing power
The building blocks of quantum computers -- qubits -- are highly unstable and prone to error.

Ibuprofen in the first three months of pregnancy may harm future fertility of baby girls
Pregnant women who take the pain killer ibuprofen in the first 24 weeks of their pregnancy may be reducing the store of eggs in the ovaries of their daughters.

Macromolecular order in plastic kingdom
A team of researchers has found out how the regularity of polypropylene molecules and thermal treatment affect the mechanical properties of the end product.

Food preservative enhances schizophrenia treatment
The common food preservative sodium benzoate improves symptoms in clozapine-resistant schizophrenia patients, according to a new study published in Biological Psychiatry.

New mouse model makes stem cells light up green
Multipotent stromal cells have long been a hot topic in medical research.

Breast cancer treatments may increase the risk of heart disease
Some breast cancer therapies can damage the heart and healthcare providers should carefully monitor breast cancer treatment effects on the heart.

Boosting a key protein to help bones that won't heal
A powerful protein inside the body helps naturally repair bone injuries.

The Virtual Brain -- patient data allow researchers to study brain function using detailed
Using patient measurement data, researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Berlin Institute of Health have succeeded in further refining the brain modeling platform 'The Virtual Brain'.

Study shows polar bear metabolic rates are higher than previously predicted
A new study on polar bear metabolism, behavior, and foraging success sheds important light on their energy demands.

Researchers discover the unexpected role of platelets in immune response
Platelets play a much bigger role in our immune system than previously thought, according to Université Laval researchers.

Breathing problems linked to drug that treats opioid addiction
A drug used to treat opioid addiction could cause breathing problems in some obese patients, according to a new study from UT scientists.

For Americans, understanding money eases old age anxiety
A new household economics study from Hiroshima University suggests that financially literate people are more capable of accumulating wealth and worrying less about life in old age.

Children with disabilities in West Africa experience violence from the day they are born
Disabled children in West Africa experience significantly greater violence than their non-disabled peers and all experience violence from they day they are born, finds a study published in BMC Public Health by Janet Njelesani, assistant professor of occupational therapy at New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

Two-stage gas sensor reports on soil dynamics
A robust two-stage microbial sensor developed at Rice University will help researchers observe gene expression and the bioavailability of nutrients in environments like soil and sediments without disturbing them.

New focus on where heart disease and breast cancer treatment meet
The American Heart Association has released the first scientific statement about heart disease and breast cancer, calling for more research and collaboration between the fields of oncology and cardiology to treat and prevent both diseases.

Rare ichthyosaur is only second known example
A rare 200 million-year-old ichthyosaur specimen has been discovered in a private collection 22 years after it was originally found.

Study of social contact patterns in Hong Kong will give insight into spread of epidemic
The first ever long-term study of patterns of social contact in Hong Kong will improve our knowledge of the growth of epidemics.

New international practice guidelines for tamoxifen treatment based on CYP2D6 genotype
An international group of clinicians and scientists representing the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) published the first-ever clinical practice guideline for using CYP2D6 genotype to guide tamoxifen therapy in Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

New use for telecommunications networks: Helping scientists peer into deep space
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated that a stable frequency reference can be reliably transmitted more than 300 kilometerFor the first time, researchers have demonstrated that a stable frequency reference can be reliably transmitted more than 300 kilometers over a standard fiber optic telecommunications network and used to synchronize two radio telescopes. s over a standard fiber optic telecommunications network and used to synchronize two radio telescopes.

Changing landscape means some Arctic ponds may potentially be a significant source of carbon emissio
A new Canadian study has found that carbon released by some ponds in the High Arctic could potentially be a hidden source of greenhouse gas emissions.

New method could open path to hydrogen economy
Washington State University researchers have found a way to more efficiently generate hydrogen from water - an important key to making clean energy more viable.

The subcellular dynamics of RNA stabilizing molecule in response to inflammation
A research group at Osaka University revealed the regulatory mechanism of subcellular localization of Arid5a in response to inflammation.

Ninety-six scientists co-author paper on rainforest mammals
The Atlantic Forest, the second most biodiverse forest system in South America (after the Amazon), once covered roughly 463,000 square miles of habitat.

Research unveils a developmental splicing program controlling neuronal maturation
In a new study, published Feb. 1 in Neuron, Zhang, Wichterle, and their team determined that loss of Rbfox genes results in an 'embryonic like' splicing program

Poorer survival rates for adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in deprived areas
Adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia living in deprived areas of England have poorer survival rates, a new study has found.

The benefits of social media for young people in care
New research reveals the benefits of using social media for young people in care.

Agroforestry systems may play vital role in mitigating climate change
Agroforestry could play an important role in mitigating climate change because it sequesters more atmospheric carbon in plant parts and soil than conventional farming, according to Penn State researchers.

Photoreversible molecular switch changes the physical property of thermoresponsive polymer
Researchers have developed a novel strategy to control the shapes of polymeric materials by utilizing photoresponsive molecular switches, which may evolve tractable stimuli-responsive soft materials.

Measuring molecular interactions
ETH researchers have used a new approach to discover previously unknown interactions between proteins and small metabolic molecules in bacterial cells.

A bacterial duo linked to colon cancer
Scientists have identified a combination of bacteria that appears to increase the risk of colon cancer.

CUNY, Harvard scientists team with UBS Asset Management on sustainable investing framework
Scientists at The City University of New York (CUNY) and Harvard University, in partnership with UBS Asset Management, have developed a scientific framework to inform investment decisions that make positive contributions to sustainable environmental stewardship and human well-being.

Parenting programme brings 'joy' to Africa's poorest communities
A major initiative to help teenagers, parents and caregivers in disadvantaged communities to form stronger relationships and improve teenagers' safety has been shown to succeed, according to trial results published today in BMJ Global Health.

Magnesium makes chromosomes
Japanese researchers report a new ion detector, MARIO. Using it, they show that changes in the intracellular concentration of free magnesium ions (Mg2+) is critical for the chromosome folding that must occur for cells to divide.

Infrared lasers reveal unprecedented details in surface scattering of methane
EPFL scientists have developed a novel method to study methane/surface scattering in unprecedented detail, elucidating important aspects of natural gas catalysis for clean energy.

Self-assembled 'hairy' nanoparticles could give a double punch to cancer
'Hairy' nanoparticles made with light-sensitive materials that assemble themselves could one day become 'nano-carriers' providing doctors a new way to simultaneously introduce both therapeutic drugs and cancer-fighting heat into tumors.

Risk of suicide among hospitalized patients with depression decreases by half in Finland
The risk of death by suicide among patients with depression who have undergone psychiatric inpatient treatment has significantly decreased since 1991, according a large Finnish study.

Ultrafine aerosol particles intensify rainfall in Amazon region
Study published in Science reveals that pollution particles from cities substantially affect storm cloud formation over tropical forest.

Anxious personality may be linked to heightened dog bite risk
Personality type may be linked to a heightened risk of being bitten by a dog, with people of a more anxious disposition more likely to be nipped, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

The disappearance of common species
Together with their colleagues from the Senckenberg Nature Research Society, scientists of Technical University of Munich (TUM) were able to show that currently widespread insects are threatened with a serious decline in species diversity in the near future.

Quantum chemistry solves mystery why there are these 20 amino acids in the genetic code
Using quantum chemical methods, a team of researchers led by Dr.

Research in olive varieties steps up the fight against anthracnose
A study by researchers at the University of Córdoba has identified the olive varieties most resistant to an epidemic which could ruin the year's harvest.

Splashdown: Supersonic cold metal bonding in 3-D
A highly versatile deposition process already used to manufacture aircraft parts and other expensive, delicate surfaces is now 3-D modeled to show the effects of temperature for the first time.

Solution to long-standing chemistry riddle has implications for drug development
Scientists have solved a decades-old challenge by working out how to craft functional residues onto a molecular cube.

Simmons Cancer Center researchers part of historic CAR-T breakthrough
A historic study involving researchers from UT Southwestern's Harold C.

House dust mites evolved a new way to protect their genome
House dust mites are common pests with an unusual evolutionary history.

New study challenges popular theory about dwarf galaxies
A new international study involving The Australian National University (ANU) has found a plane of dwarf galaxies orbiting around Centaurus A in a discovery that challenges a popular theory about how dwarf galaxies are spread around the Universe.

A higher(er)-definition nose
Sensors that sniff out chemicals in the air to warn us about everything from fires to carbon monoxide to drunk drivers to explosive devices hidden in luggage have improved so much that they can even detect diseases on a person's breath.

Neurons get the beat and keep it going in drumrolls
What researchers believed to be chaotic electric potentials in neurons are turning out the be surprisingly orderly and rhythmic.

Friction found where there should be none: In superfluids near absolute zero
Physicists at Aalto University have discovered unexpected friction while rotating superfluid helium.

How China has world class football statues but no world class footballers -- new research
Despite China's absence from this summer's World Cup Finals, the world's most populous nation is challenging for the number one spot in one aspect of football.

Small molecules set up security system to defend the genome
Thousands of short RNA molecules with diverse genetic sequences serve as security guards to identify and silence attempts to invade the genome, such as DNA inserted by viruses or parasitic elements known as transposons.

'Islands' of cell membrane components
Research conducted by Toyohashi University of Technology in collaboration with Tohoku University elucidated the fusion process of proteoliposomes with an artificial lipid bilayer and the mechanism behind this process.

Silk fibers could be high-tech 'natural metamaterials'
New research has demonstrated how the nano-architecture of a silkworm's fiber causes 'Anderson localization of light,' a discovery that could lead to various innovations and a better understanding of light transport and heat transfer.

Analysis of global duchenne muscular dystrophy patients registry underscores
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a a rare and fatal genetically-inherited degenerative neuromuscular disease that affects one in 5,000 newborn boys.

Patients and doctors often disagree in evaluation of surgical scarring
When it comes to the physical scars surgery leaves behind, a new study shows patients and doctors often don't assess their severity the same way.

More rice, please: 13 rice genomes reveal ways to keep up with ever-growing population
Rice provides 20% of daily calories consumed globally. We will need more as population grows toward 9-10 billion by 2050.

PSMA PET/CT visualizes prostate cancer recurrence early, impacts radiation therapy
A nuclear medicine scan may locate prostate cancer recurrence after radical prostatectomy early after disease recurrence and could help guide salvage radiotherapy, according to new research from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA).

Distant galaxy group contradicts common cosmological models, simulations
An international team of astronomers has determined that Centaurus A, a massive elliptical galaxy 13 million light-years from Earth, is accompanied by a number of dwarf satellite galaxies orbiting the main body in a narrow disk.

Oklahoma's earthquakes strongly linked to wastewater injection depth
Man-made earthquakes in Oklahoma, USA, are strongly linked to the depth at which wastewater from the oil and gas industry are injected into the ground, according to a new study led by the University of Bristol.

Scandinavians shaped by several waves of immigration
So you think people in present-day Sweden and Norway are different from each other?

Short section of DNA predicts kidney transplant success
The first study of its kind to gather transplant data from across the UK and Ireland found patients have the best chance of long term survival where the donor and recipient have genetic matches in a section of DNA known as the HLA locus.

New technique can capture images of ultrafast energy-time entangled photon pairs
Scientists at the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo have captured the first images of ultrafast photons that are energy-time entangled.

Multidrug-resistant malaria spread under the radar for years in Cambodia
The most comprehensive genetic study of malaria parasites in Southeast Asia has shown that resistance to antimalarial drugs was under-reported for years in Cambodia.

Scientists discover new field affecting metals solidification
The discovery that this heretofore unknown 'bias field' is causing pattern formation alters the thinking that the formations had been caused only by the sound vibration or disturbances known in materials science as noise.

Surprise: Satellite galaxies of Centaurus A are on a coordinated dance
The satellite dwarf galaxies orbiting around the much larger galaxy Centaurus A are rotating in synchrony around their host, to researchers' surprise.

Red wine proves good for the heart (again)
Antioxidant compounds found in red wine are advancing the treatment of heart disease -- the leading cause of death for both men and women in the US Researchers have developed drug-eluting stents with red wine antioxidants.

Electro-mechano-optical NMR detection
Researchers develop an NMR system which converts radio-frequency signals into optical ones, promises higher sensitivity for MRIs.

Scientists reveal a molecule that may underpin neurological disorders
Scientists from Japan have identified a molecule that aids a crucial 'pruning' process in the brain that, if malfunctioning, could lead to disorders such as autism and dementia.

Even small changes within an ecosystem can have detrimental effects
A mutualistic relationship between species in an ecosystem allows for the ecosystem to thrive, but the lack of this relationship could lead to the collapse of the entire system.

CNIO researchers discover a potential new therapeutic strategy for pancreatic cancer
In most pancreatic cancer patients, the diagnosis is made when the disease is already advanced, and there is no effective treatment at present.

Wastewater injection depth important trigger for induced quakes
A new study aiming to provide a better understanding of how injection wells in the US influence earthquake activity cites wastewater injection depth, not purely rate or volume, as a critical factor.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2018
ORNL research says quantum computers will use much less energy than current supercomputers, a potential cost benefit to equipment manufacturers and data centers.

Instagram users less likely to engage with political or controversial images, MU finds
A new study from the University of Missouri recently found that although Instagram users vary on their purposes for using the platform, the majority are drawn to Instagram for social news and entertainment and are less likely to engage with political or controversial images.

How does limited education limit young people?
A recent nationally-representative US Department of Education study found that 28 percent of fall 2009 ninth-graders had not yet enrolled in a trade school or college by February 2016 -- roughly six-and-a-half years later.

Evidence: Chaplains crucial for advance care planning in medical practice
In a study, 80 percent of participants completed an advance directive after meeting with a chaplain as part of a doctor's appointment.

Induced labor after 39 weeks in healthy women may reduce the need for cesarean birth
In a study presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's (SMFM) annual meeting, researchers unveiled findings that suggest that induction of labor at 39 weeks of gestation among healthy, first-time mothers reduces the rate of cesarean birth as compared to expectant management among the same population.

Astronomy: A rotating system of satellite galaxies raises questions
Astronomers have examined the distribution and movement of dwarf galaxies in the constellation Centaurus, but their observations do not fit with the standard model of cosmology that assumes the existence of dark matter.

Bottled water sales fueled by desire for immortality
A fear of dying plays a role in people buying bottled water, even though they know it may not be good for them or the planet, a study from the University of Waterloo has found.

Research uncovers gene network that regulates motor neuron formation during embryonic development
UCLA researchers have discovered the inner workings of a gene network that regulates the development of spinal motor neurons in the growing chicken and mouse embryo.

A biological approach to precision medicine targets endless number of diseases
A new Tel Aviv University study proposes a novel approach to manipulate genes using a self-assembling platform that delivers nucleic acids to distinct subsets of cells.

Supermassive black holes can feast on one star per year
Supermassive black holes in some galaxies can eat stars at a rate of one per year in the period following a galactic merger, helping explain a longstanding astronomical mystery about eccentric stellar orbits.

Belief in conspiracy theories associated with vaccine skepticism
People who believe Princess Diana was murdered or that John F.

Experimental therapy could boost stroke recovery
An experimental therapy that targets the spinal cord may one day be key to spurring on enhanced recovery for stroke victims.

New insights into how employees manage stressful situations at work
Researchers have developed a new tool which could benefit organizations and their staff by assessing employees' beliefs about how they manage challenging and stressful situations at work.

Zeroing in on dopamine
Harvard Medical School scientists have identified the molecular machinery responsible for secretion of the neurotransmitter dopamine, opening the door for strategies to precision target dopamine release to treat disorders such as Parkinson's and addiction.

Study reveals how the most common DNA mutation happens
Shape-shifters aren't just the stuff of fiction, they're real -- and they're inside our DNA.

UH engineer locates brain's seizure onset zone in record time
A University of Houston engineer can locate the brain's zone that creates seizures in record time - one hour rather than the typical ten days. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to