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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | February 16, 2018


UNLV study finds no testosterone changes in esports gamers
Players of the competitive esports video game League of Legends showed no change in testosterone during game play, UNLV researchers have found.
How to train like the world's most successful female cross-country skier
If you want to be as fast or as strong as the world's most decorated female winter Olympian ever, you'll have to train a lot -- more than 900 hours a year.
At AAAS, Brown explains how statistics, neuroscience improve anesthesiology
Dr. Emery Brown, an MIT neuroscientist and MGH anesthesiologist, has combined scientific and statistical methods to put the brain at the center of anesthesiology practice.
Lab-grown human cerebellar cells yield clues to autism
Increasing evidence has linked autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with dysfunction of the brain's cerebellum, but the details have been unclear.
Immune signature predicts asthma susceptibility
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease driven by the interplay of genetics, environmental factors and a diverse cast of immune cells.
New tech for commercial Lithium-ion batteries finds they can be charged 5 times fast
Researchers at WMG at the University of Warwick have developed a new direct, precise test of Lithium-ion batteries' internal temperatures and their electrodes potentials and found that the batteries can be safely charged up to five times faster than the current recommended charging limits.
Major discovery in controlling quantum states of single atoms
The scientists identified which mechanisms destroy the quantum properties of individual insulator.
New approaches in neuroscience show it's not all in your head
Our own unique experiences shape how we view the world and respond to the events in our lives.
How #MeToo, awareness months and Facebook are helping us heal
Researchers at Drexel University, who study our relationships with social network sites, examined how and why women decide to disclose pregnancy loss on Facebook.
Study: Rural ranchers face less access to water during drought than urban counterparts
The findings highlight a rural-urban divide and show that ranchers' access to water was neither equal nor valued during the drought in Mexico's Baja California Sur state from 2006 to 2012.
Women who clean at home or work face increased lung function decline
Women who work as cleaners or regularly use cleaning sprays or other cleaning products at home appear to experience a greater decline in lung function over time than women who do not clean, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Computers outperform lab rats in detecting toxic chemicals
UL, the science safety company, and Johns Hopkins University have embarked on joint research that has resulted in findings that Artificial Intelligence (AI) is superior in finding toxic substances to traditional animal testing.
NASA sees Tropical Storm 10S form along Western Australia Coast
After days of lingering off the west Kimberley coast of Western Australia as a slowly organizing low pressure area, Tropical Storm 10S has formed about 50 miles west of Broome, Australia.
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Gita weakening
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite and the GPM core satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Gita is it began weakening from vertical wind shear.
Scientists shed light on biological roots of individuality
A new study illuminates the biology that guides behavior across different stages of life in worms, and suggests how variations in specific neuromodulators in the developing nervous system may lead to occasional variations.
UCI cracks code to restoring memory creation in older or damaged brains
Aging or impaired brains can once again form lasting memories if an enzyme that applies the brakes too hard on a key gene is lifted, according to University of California, Irvine neurobiologists.
Contacting the molecular world through graphene nanoribbons
Scientists from CIC nanoGUNE, Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), Materials Physics Center (CFM) and CiQUS (Center for Research on Biological Chemistry and Molecular Materials) create the tiniest magnetic device contacted, made of a single molecule.
Researchers demonstrate promising method for improving quantum information processing
A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated a new method for splitting light beams into their frequency modes, work that could spur advancements in quantum information processing and distributed quantum computing.
Pilot study in Kenya shows link between chronic pain and glutamate consumption
Preliminary research from a small pilot study carried out in Meru, in eastern Kenya, shows a link between chronic pain and consumption of glutamate, a common flavor enhancer found in Western and non-Western diets worldwide.
Children's Hospital Colorado doctors complete first-ever EXIT to ventricular pacing
Researchers at Children's Hospital Colorado completed the first-ever EXIT (Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment) to ventricular pacing procedure.
Birds and beans: Study shows best coffee for bird diversity
It's an age-old debate for coffee lovers. Which is better: Arabica beans with their sweeter, softer taste, or the bold, deep flavor of Robusta beans?
Precision experiments reveal gaps in van der Waals theory
An international research team led by Japan's University of Tsukuba and Denmark's Aarhus University used single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements to establish the electron density of TiS2.
Bringing a hidden superconducting state to light
Using high-intensity pulses of infrared light, scientists found evidence of superconductivity associated with charge 'stripes' in a material above the temperature at which it begins to transmit electricity without resistance--a finding that could help them design better high-temperature superconductors.
Penn engineers test drug transfer using placenta-on-a-chip
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Engineering and Applied Science have demonstrated the feasibility of their 'organ-on-a-chip' platform in studying how drugs are transported across the human placental barrier.
Chinese research advances highlighted in special issue of Human Gene Therapy
China is helping to advance gene and cell therapy and genome editing research and clinical development by creating novel viral and nonviral vectors for gene delivery and innovative applications of CRISPR technology in a broad range of disease areas.
New research: Increased stress on fathers leads to brain development changes in offspring
New research in mice has found that a father's stress affects the brain development of his offspring.
Expanding Hepatitis C testing to all adults is cost-effective and improves outcomes
According to a new study, screening all adults for hepatitis C (HCV) is a cost-effective way to improve clinical outcomes of HCV and identify more infected people compared to current recommendations.
Stanford scientists eavesdrop on volcanic rumblings to forecast eruptions
Sound waves generated by burbling lakes of lava atop some volcanoes point to greater odds of magmatic outbursts.
Fungal enzymes could hold secret to making renewable energy from wood
An international team of researchers, including scientists from the University of York, has discovered a set of enzymes found in fungi that are capable of breaking down one of the main components of wood.
Humans will actually react pretty well to news of alien life
Hollywood has it wrong. Humans would actually react positively to news of alien life -- intelligent or microbial.
Walls, toxicity and explosions: How plant cells protect themselves from salinity in soil
Roots face many challenges in the soil in order to supply the plant with the necessary water and nutrients.
Scientists produce human intestinal lining that re-creates living tissue inside organ-chip
Scientists created human intestinal lining outside an individual's body that mirrors living tissue inside microengineered Intestine-Chips, opening possibilities for personalized testing of medicines.
Link between hallucinations and dopamine not such a mystery, finds study
Researchers at Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) and New York State Psychiatric Institute (NYSPI) found that people with schizophrenia who experience auditory hallucinations tend to hear what they expect, an exaggerated version of a perceptual distortion that is common among other people without hallucinations.
First multiplex test for tick-borne diseases
A new blood test called the Tick-Borne Disease Serochip (TBD Serochip) promises to revolutionize the diagnosis of tick-borne disease by offering a single test to identify and distinguish between Borrelia burgdorferi, the pathogen responsible for Lyme disease, and seven other tick-borne pathogens.
ASU professor Davies addresses why we have yet to find extraterrestrial life
Are we alone in the universe? Few questions have captured the public imagination more than this.
Cells communicate in a dynamic code
Caltech scientists discover an unexpectedly dynamic vocabulary for the language of cellular communication.
Hidden talents: Converting heat into electricity with pencil and paper
Thermoelectric materials can use thermal differences to generate electricity. Now there is an inexpensive and environmentally friendly way of producing them with the simplest of components: a normal pencil, photocopy paper, and conductive paint are sufficient to convert a temperature difference into electricity via the thermoelectric effect.
Even without the clean power plan, US can achieve Paris Agreement emissions reductions
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have calculated that the US can meet -- or even beat -- the near-term carbon dioxide emission reductions required by the United Nations Paris Agreement, despite the Trump Administration's withdrawal of the Clean Power Plan (CPP).
'Liquid biopsy' can help predict outcomes in metastatic triple-negative breast cancer
A clinically relevant 'liquid biopsy' test can be used to profile cancer genomes from blood and predict survival outcomes for patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), according to new research published by a multi-institutional team of researchers with The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center -- Arthur G.
Breast reconstruction patients often less satisfied than expected post surgery
Many breast cancer patients undergoing mastectomy with or without immediate reconstruction mispredict future satisfaction with aspects of physical and sexual health post-surgery, according to a new study published by researchers at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - Arthur G.
A mineral blueprint for finding Burgess Shale-type fossils
Scientists have identified a mineral signature for sites that are more likely to contain rare fossils that preserve evidence of soft tissue -- essential information to understanding ancient life.
Evolutionary origin of termite gut microbiome revealed
Researchers have shown that the bacterial communities in termite guts came about through both inheritance and transfer between colonies.
High levels of microplastics found in Northwest Atlantic fish
A new study finds 73 percent of mesopelagic fish caught in the Northwest Atlantic had microplastics in their stomachs -- one of the highest levels globally.
Study sheds light on how plants get their nitrogen fix
Legumes are widely-consumed plants that use soil bacteria to obtain nitrogen through root nodulation.
Dallas researchers study Texas' first federally endangered mussel species
A team of Texas A&M AgriLife scientists led by Dr.
At AAAS: Reducing bird-related tragedy through understanding bird behavior
Bird-human actions can end in tragedy -- for bird as well as human.
Drug that treats psoriasis also reduces aortic vascular inflammation
An antibody used to treat the skin disease psoriasis is also effective at reducing aortic inflammation, a key marker of future risk of major cardiovascular events.
Newly-hatched salmon use geomagnetic field to learn which way is up
Researchers who confirmed in recent years that salmon use the Earth's geomagnetic field to guide their long-distance migrations have found that the fish also use the field for a much simpler and smaller-scale migration: When the young emerge from gravel nests to reach surface waters.
New treatment strategies for chronic kidney disease from the animal kingdom
Biomimetics offers an innovative approach to solving human problems by imitating strategies found in nature.
Rice U. reports progress in pursuit of sickle cell cure
Rice University bioengineer Gang Bao and his colleagues use gene editing to correct the mutation responsible for sickle cell disease in up to 40 percent of patients' cells used for lab testing.

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