Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 20, 2018
MicroRNA could help treat cancer and asthma
MiR-223 shows promise for treating inflammatory disease.

Pulsating Aurora mysteries uncovered with help from NASA's THEMIS mission
The precise mechanism driving pulsating auroras, long unknown, has now been identified with help from NASA's THEMIS mission.

A delivery platform for gene-editing technology
A nanomaterial coating enables efficient delivery of CRISPR-Cas9 machinery into the cell.

Antibodies protect nerve-muscle connections in a mouse model of Lou Gehrig's disease
A new study led by NYU School of Medicine researchers identifies a novel treatment strategy that preserved neuromuscular synapses in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Noise from ships scares porpoises
Porpoises communicate with each other using sounds. Therefore, they are highly sensitive to noise, such as ship noise.

Can your cardiac device be hacked?
Medical devices, including cardiovascular implantable electronic devices could be at risk for hacking.

Computer models allow farmers to diversify pest management methods
A technology developed by Brazilian researchers can help fighting highly resistant agricultural pests by analyzing the connections between the pests' patterns of dispersal in crops and different configurations in diversified intercropping systems.

Architecture of cellular control center mTORC2 elucidated
The protein complex mTORC2 controls cellular lipid and carbohydrate metabolism.

Scientists find new antimalarial drug targets
Researchers have discovered crucial new processes that allow malaria parasites to escape red blood cells and infect other cells, offering potential new treatment targets.

Hitting rock bottom after job loss can be beneficial, study shows
Bottoming out as a result of job loss can be necessary before finding the radical solution that will lead to a new work identity, according to new research from the University of Notre Dame.

MRI technique differentiates benign breast lesions from malignancies
An MRI breast imaging technique that requires no contrast agent, combined with sophisticated data analysis, could reduce the number of unnecessary breast biopsies, according to a new study.

Health: Are the dice rolled before ten years of age?
Researchers at UNIGE found that socio-economically disadvantaged individuals in childhood are a greater risk of low muscle strength at an older age.

Shedding (high-power laser) light on the plasma density limit
Researchers theoretically proposed the existence of density limit for hole boring by laser light on matter.

Diabetes did not increase early retirement
A Finnish study examined diabetes and work loss due to early retirement during the work careers of approximately 13,000 people.

Self-esteem key to treating mental health
Improving how mental health patients perceive themselves could be critical in treating them, according to a study from the University of Waterloo.

Assassination of political leaders connected to increase in social conflict
An increase in social conflict increases the likelihood of assassinations of political leaders, according to new research co-conducted by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Fancy a jellyfish chip?
Mathias Clausen, a Danish researcher, became intrigued by jellyfish when he bit into the marine delicacy and experienced an unexpected crunch; he decided he wanted to 'understand the transformation from soft gel to this crunchy thing.' Clausen and other scientists combined their expertise in biophysics and biochemistry to gain a better understanding of how food preparation affects jellyfish from the inside out.

PNAS study: Extreme-altitude birds evolved same trait via different mutations
All extreme-altitude birds have evolved especially efficient systems for delivering scarce oxygen to their tissues.

A matter of dynamics
Most ion channels are very selective about the ions, which may or may not pass through them.

Researchers invent light-emitting nanoantennas
Scientists from ITMO University developed new effective nanoscale light sources based on halide perovskite.

Parenting behavior in adoptive families
A new longitudinal study of adoptive families looked at whether symptoms of depression in adoptive fathers is also related to over-reactive parenting and behavior problems in children; the study also examined how social support networks affect parenting.

Younger and older siblings contribute positively to each other's developing empathy
A new longitudinal study looked at whether younger siblings also contribute to their older sisters' and brothers' empathy in early childhood, when empathic tendencies begin to develop.

Number of obese years not -- just obesity -- a distinct risk factor for heart damage
In an analysis of clinical data collected on more than 9,000 people, Johns Hopkins researchers have shown that the number of years spent overweight or obese appear to 'add up' to a distinct risk factor that makes those with a longer history of heaviness more likely to test positive for a chemical marker of so-called 'silent' heart damage than those with a shorter history.

Blacks with atrial fibrillation have significantly higher risk of stroke than whites
Blacks have a higher incidence of stroke and stroke-associated disability than whites.

Scientists poised to win the race against rust disease and beyond
In a race to prevent and control rust disease epidemics, scientists have positioned themselves to better understand how rust fungi infect crops and evolve virulence.

New safety data for the most commonly used drug to treat Chagas disease
The frequency of adverse reactions to benznidazole is high when treating chronic Chagas patients, although they were mostly mild effects, according to a study led by ISGlobal, in collaboration with the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona.

AI to fight the spread of infectious diseases
Public outreach campaigns can prevent the spread of devastating yet treatable diseases such as tuberculosis (TB), malaria and gonorrhea.

Guidelines for fluoride intake -- Are they appropriate?
The appropriate use of fluoride has transformed oral health over the past 70 years, in part due to the guidelines created for fluoride intake.

Medicine alone does not completely suppress testosterone levels among transgender women
The majority of transgender women who follow the usual approach prescribed in the United States are unable to reliably lower their testosterone levels into the typical female physiologic range with medicine alone.

'Click chemistry' reactions may boost cancer-fighting drug potency
Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a quick and easy way to simultaneously modify dozens of drugs or molecules to improve their disease-fighting properties.

Study shows higher risk of Dementia for adults with congenital heart disease
A new study is believed to be the first to show a higher risk of dementia in adults who were born with heart disease.

Reaching new heights in laser-accelerated ion energy
A laser-driven ion acceleration scheme, developed in research led at the University of Strathclyde, could lead to compact ion sources for established and innovative applications in science, medicine and industry.

Cluedo in the cell: Enzyme location controls enzyme activity
EPFL scientists have found that the activity of proprotein covertases, the enzymes that turn-on proteins, is regulated by the location of the enzyme inside the cell.

What's new in the field of microbiota and bone health?
These invited reviews, published in Calcified Tissue International by experts in the field, provide a comprehensive overview of the latest knowledge and research developments related to the gut-musculoskeletal axis.

New structure discovered in human sperm tails
A highly effective tail is needed in order for a sperm to be able to swim, and for a baby to be conceived.

Improving low-income residents' utilization of farmers markets
A pair of studies conducted at LSU Health New Orleans School of Public Health found reasons and possible solutions to improve low-income residents' access to fresh, local produce at farmers markets.

Alexa, how do word senses evolve?
A paper called 'Algorithms in the historical emergence of word senses'--that appears online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)--is the first to look at 1,000 years of English development and detect the kinds of algorithms that human minds have used to extend existing words to new senses of meaning.

NASA sees ex-Tropical Cyclone Gita affecting New Zealand
NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Southern Pacific Ocean and saw the low pressure area previously known as Tropical Cyclone Gita, affecting New Zealand.

Largest study of its kind finds alcohol use biggest risk factor for dementia
Alcohol use disorders are the most important preventable risk factors for the onset of all types of dementia, especially early-onset dementia.

Housing problems found to be common at safety-net community health centers
A new study led by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program finds that more than 40 percent of patients treated at US community health centers have a history of housing problems.

Preventing the misdiagnosis of cellulitis
This study finds early dermatology consultation for presumptive cellulitis can improve patient outcomes, reduce costs & reduce hospitalization.

Study exposes misperception of poaching on the GBR and its remedy
New research has revealed the tiny minority of fishers who poach on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) think the illegal practice is justified, because they believe 'everyone else is doing it.'

'Demographic compensation' may not save plants facing changing climate
A large-scale study shows mixed results for hypothesis on how plants deal with climate change.

MEMS chips get metatlenses
Lens technologies have advanced across all scales, from digital cameras and high bandwidth in fiber optics to the LIGO instruments.

Are bots a danger for political election campaigns?
Normally, autonomous computer programs known as bots are used to trawl the Internet.

Can you eat cells? Computer model predicts which organisms are capable of phagocytosis
A team of American Museum of Natural History researchers has created a computational model capable of predicting whether or not organisms have the ability to 'eat' other cells through a process known as phagocytosis.

Social media as good a barometer of public health attitudes as traditional phone polling
Social media data can be used as an additional source of information to gauge public opinion about health issues alongside traditional data sources like phone-based polling, says new research co-written by U. of I. psychology professor Dolores Albarracin.

A drug long used to treat gout may help adult heart failure patients
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine have shown that probenecid, a drug long used to treat gout, may be able to improve heart function in adult patients who experience heart failure.

New shark species confirmed
Using 1,310 base pairs of two mitochondrial genes, Toby Daly-Engel, an assistant professor of biological sciences at Florida Tech, and colleagues identified a new species, the Atlantic sixgill shark.

African Americans with atrial fibrillation at significantly higher risk for stroke compared to Caucasians with the disease
African Americans with atrial fibrillation (AF) -- a quivering or irregular heartbeat that can lead to a host of dangerous complications -- have a significantly higher risk of stroke than Caucasians with the condition, according to new research published today in HeartRhythm by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Green toads with multiple genomes have ancestors that are only distantly related
Dr. Matthias Stoeck from the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) and researchers from the University of Lausanne (Switzerland) and the Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) have just published an extensive phylogenetic tree for the Eurasian green toads.

Helping in spite of risk: Ants perform risk-averse sanitary care of infectious nest mates
Ants care for their sick nest mates in different ways, depending on their own immune status.

When it comes to our brains, there's no such thing as normal
There's nothing wrong with being a little weird. Because we think of psychological disorders on a continuum, we may worry when our own ways of thinking and behaving don't match up with our idealized notion of health.

Breast cancer: How advanced imaging technologies will help avoid unnecessary biopsies
Enhancing the diagnosis of breast cancer is the stated goal of a research team at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) in Heidelberg.

UA study: Brain liquefaction after stroke is toxic to surviving brain
Researchers at the University of Arizona College of Medicine-Tucson suggest liquefied brain fluid may be one cause of dementia after stroke.

Identifying frailty in older patients can predict adverse outcomes after surgery
Identifying frailty in surgical patients, especially those without apparent disability, will help predict risk of adverse events and repeat hospitalizations, according to research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Why the boss always gets the blame
An employee receives significantly more praise if his actions result in positive consequences than his superior.

Civil engineers at Concordia University devise a cost-saving solution for cities
Why fix a road today if it's slated to be ripped up for new sewers next summer?

Innuendo and pointing suspicion in news coverage can fuel conspiracy theories
Innuendo and hinting at fake information in news coverage is enough to fuel belief in conspiracy theories, new research shows.

Typhoid outbreak: Genetic cause of extensive drug-resistance found
The genetic cause behind a strain of typhoid's resistance to five classes of antibiotics has been uncovered by scientists at the Wellcome Sanger Institute and their collaborators.

e-Health can support healthy aging and help prevent cardiovascular disease and dementia in elderly
An innovative e-Health solution, based on an interactive Internet platform, has been developed to support senior citizens in improving their lifestyle to prevent cardiovascular disease, cognitive decline and dementia.

Brain aging may begin earlier than expected
Physicists have devised a new method of investigating brain function, opening a new frontier in the diagnoses of neurodegenerative and aging-related diseases.

More awareness, research needed on abuse risk of non-opioid painkiller
Gabapentin, a nerve pain medication and anticonvulsant sold under the brand name Neurontin and others, increasingly is being misused, necessitating prescribers to understand its abuse potential and risk profile, said Rachel Vickers Smith, Ph.D., M.P.H., assistant professor in the University of Louisville School of Nursing.

'Icebreaker' protein opens genome for t cell development, Penn researchers find
Researchers describe the role of a transcription factor called TCF-1 in targeting the condensed chromatin and regulating the availability of genome sequences in T-cell development.

Using a laser to wirelessly charge a smartphone safely across a room
Engineers at the University of Washington have for the first time developed a method to safely charge a smartphone wirelessly using a laser.

Countries investing in well-being allocate resources to child and adolescent psychiatry
A new research report shows that a high ranking in the Human Development Index is connected with the availability of mental health services.

Robo-picker grasps and packs
A new MIT-Princeton robotic arm could lend a hand in warehouse sorting and other picking tasks.

Brain size of human ancestors evolved gradually over 3 million years
Modern humans have brains that are more than three times larger than our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos.

Low-fat or low-carb? It's a draw, Stanford study finds
New evidence from a study at the Stanford University School of Medicine might dismay those who have chosen sides in the low-fat versus low-carb diet debate.

Resolvin D-1 limits kidney damage after heart attacks
A heart attack triggers an acute inflammatory response at the damaged portion of the heart's left ventricle.

Oncotarget: Cancer pioneer employs physics to approach cancer in last research article
In the cover article of Tuesday's issue of Oncotarget, James Frost, MD, PhD, Kenneth Pienta, MD, and the late Donald Coffey, Ph.D., use a theory of physical and biophysical symmetry to derive a new conceptualization of cancer.

Scientists tackle the aberrant epigenetic programming underlying childhood cancers
Researchers at UFRGS and the US NIH have targeted proteins that regulate chromatin in Ewing sarcoma cells, hindering malignant tumor growth.

MRI stroke data set released by USC research team
A USC-led team has compiled, archived and shared one of the largest open-source data sets of brain scans from stroke patients.

Genes activated in metastasis also drive the first stages of tumour growth
Researchers headed by Jordi Casanova at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) now demonstrate that genes activated during metastasis are also able to initiate primary tumour development, and they explain the molecular mechanism involved.

Climate change, evolution, and what happens when researchers are also friends
A new study in Trends in Ecology and Evolution, which addresses how climate change is affecting the evolution of organisms, underscores the need for evolutionary, ecosystem and climate scientists to work together to better understand eco-evolutionary feedback dynamics.

Sexual orientation discordance puts adolescents at greater risk for nonfatal suicidal behaviors
Researchers have now identified sexual orientation discordance -- sexual contact that is inconsistent with the individual's sexual orientation -- as a potential risk factor for adolescent suicidal ideation and/or attempts.

Findings do not support suggestion that certain diets may be better for adults with certain genetic makeup
Weight loss over a year was not significantly different for overweight adults who followed a low-fat or low-carbohydrate diet, and neither a person's genetic makeup nor their insulin secretion level was associated with how much weight they lost.

Illinois researchers researchers find tweeting in cities lower than expected
Studying data from Twitter, University of Illinois researchers found that less people tweet per capita from larger cities than in smaller ones, indicating an unexpected trend that has implications in understanding urban pace of life.

Grey squirrels beat reds in 'battle of wits'
Problem-solving powers may help to explain why grey squirrels have taken over from native red squirrels in the UK, new research says.

Data detectives shift suspicions in Alzheimer's from usual suspect to inside villain
The pursuit of the usual suspect in Alzheimer's research may be distracting from a more direct culprit in the disease, according to a study that analyzed data from 51 published experiments.

Stigma increases risk of depression for people with Multiple Sclerosis
People with Multiple Sclerosis -- MS -- who feel stigmatized are more likely to suffer from depression, according to researchers, who add that having a support system of friends and family and a sense of autonomy may help reduce the harmful effects of stigma.

How chemistry can improve bargain hot cocoa (video)
Nobody really likes bargain hot cocoa powder. It's lumpy, it's too thin and it leaves scummy residue behind.

Atomic structure of ultrasound material not what anyone expected
Lead magnesium niobate (PMN) is a prototypical

Pillars of academic innovation
Highlights from the Sixth Annual Conference of the National Academy of Inventors, including high-tech solutions to combat child pornography and radicalization materials; groundbreaking programs to promote STEM major retention; and new materials for wearable technology.

The superionic form of water
A recent study confirms the predictions made by a group of SISSA and ICTP scientists in a study published in Science in 1999.

Scientists deliver high-resolution glimpse of enzyme structure
Using a state-of-the-art type of electron microscopy, an MIT-led team has discovered the structure of the enzyme ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), which is crucial for maintaining an adequate supply of DNA building blocks in human cells

Sea-level legacy: more rise for each delay in peaking emissions
Peaking global CO2 emissions as soon as possible is crucial for limiting the risks of sea-level rise, even if global warming is limited to well below 2 degrees C.

Bacteria-eaters to prevent food poisoning?
Bacteria-killing viruses could be employed not just in health care, but also in the food industry, a study conducted at the University of Helsinki indicates.

Land use change has warmed the Earth's surface
Recent changes to vegetation cover are causing the Earth's surface to heat up.

High blood pressure limits protection to vital organs and tissues in low-oxygen conditions
New research published in The Journal of Physiology sheds light on the effects of high blood pressure by considering the way the body responds to a lack of oxygen.

'Lipid asymmetry' plays key role in activating immune cells
A cell's membrane is composed of a bilayer of lipids, and the inside-facing layer is made of different lipids than the outside-facing layer.

Gut reactions to improve probiotics
Researchers at Stanford are studying how bacteria living in the gut respond to common changes within their habitat, working with mice.

Patients with advanced cancer may be less competent to make decisions than doctors think
Forty-four percent of patients with advanced cancer but only eight percent of healthy adults showed impaired understanding; Forty-nine percent of patients and eight percent of healthy adults showed impaired appreciation; and 85.4 percent of patients versus 10 percent of healthy adults showed impaired reasoning.

Rare find from the deep sea
Dumbo octopuses live at a depth of thousands of meters in the oceans.

Why polymer solar cells deserve their place in the sun
Organic polymer solar cells show potential to provide solar power to remote microwatt sensors, wearable technology and the Wi-Fi-connected appliances constituting the 'internet of things.' While PSCs cannot match the durability or efficiency of inorganic solar cells, the potential to mass-produce nontoxic, disposable solar panels using roll-to-roll production makes them attractive for additional applications.

Protein levels in spinal fluid correlate to posture and gait difficulty in Parkinson's
Levels of a protein found in the brain called alpha-synuclein (α-syn) are significantly lower than normal in cerebrospinal fluid collected in Parkinson's disease patients suffering from postural instability and gait difficulty, a study led by movement disorders experts at Rush University Medical Center has found.

How people cope with difficult life events fuels development of wisdom, study finds
How a person responds to a difficult life event such as a death or divorce helps shape the development of their wisdom over time, a new study from Oregon State University suggests.

D-galactose affects ageing male and female brains differently
A research study by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) in collaboration with the University of La Laguna (ULL) demonstrates in mice the biological relevance of sex in the effects of accelerated ageing caused by a chronic treatment of D-galactose.

A trip to the mountains despite a heart condition?
Cardiologists are in agreement that generally exercise in the mountains is a very good way to prevent or reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases.

The plastics industry is leaking huge amounts of microplastics
Millions of plastic pellets are leaking out into the environment from a manufacturing site in Stenungsund.

Governance of emerging technologies: Aligning policy analysis with social values
A new special report examines how we can make wise policy decisions about emerging technologies.

Study: Corporations can benefit from altruism during a crisis
Research finds that altruism -- and social media -- can help corporations cultivate trust with consumers on mobile devices during and after natural disasters, such as hurricanes.

Splitting crystals for 2-D metallic conductivity
Adding oxygen atoms to a perovskite-like crystal material splits it into layers, giving it unique electrical properties.

Open data help scientists to unravel Earth systems
Understanding nature and its processes has greatly benefitted from open data.

A quadrillionth of a second in slow motion
Many chemical processes run so fast that they are only roughly understood.

FEFU-based scientists studied the exhaust gases of motorcycles, scooters, and ATVs
An analytical article based on the study of morphologic and chemical composition of particulate matter in motorcycle engine exhaust was published in the respected scientific journal Toxicology Reports.

Approximate quantum cloning: The new way of eavesdropping in quantum cryptography
Cloning of quantum states is used for eavesdropping in the context of quantum cryptography or for quantum computation.

Stable gas hydrates can trigger landslides
Like avalanches onshore, there are different processes that cause submarine landslides.

Past encounters with the flu shape vaccine response
Researchers from the University of Chicago, Harvard University and others show that poor immune responses, not egg adaptions, may explain the low effectiveness of the vaccine that year.

Postnatal depression has life-long impact on mother-child relations
Postnatal depression (PND) can impact the quality of relationships between mother and child into adult life, and have a negative influence on the quality of relationships between grandmothers and grandchildren, new research at the University of Kent has discovered.

Safety-net hospital reports it achieved better esophagectomy outcomes than national cohort
Standardized clinical pathway helped 'hospital of last resort' achieve consistently superior outcomes for an esophageal procedure in the first study to look at outcomes on an institutional level.

Diet or Regular? Decoding behavioral variation in ant clones
Clonal ants appear to be diverse in responding to sweetened water, suggesting epigenetic regulation in behavioral variation and colony survival.

Improving family-based comm. Key to enhancing sexual health outcomes of GBQ adolescents
Studies have shown that talking with teens about sex-related topics is a positive parenting practice that facilitates important sexual health outcomes with heterosexual adolescents.

Brain immune system is key to recovery from motor neuron degeneration
Researchers engineered mice in which the damage caused by a mutant human TDP-43 protein could be reversed by one type of brain immune cell.

Climate projections show a warmer future for the Pacific northwest
In the midst of an unseasonably warm winter in the Pacific Northwest, a comparison of four publicly available climate projections has shown broad agreement that the region will become considerably warmer in the next century if greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere rise to the highest levels projected in the the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 'business-as-usual' scenario.

No relation between a supermassive black hole and its host galaxy!?
Using ALMA to observe an active galaxy with a strong ionized gas outflow from the galactic center, a team led by Dr.

Women once considered low risk for heart disease show evidence of previous heart attack scars
Women who complain about chest pain often are reassured by their doctors that there is no reason to worry because their angiograms show that the women don't have blockages in the major heart arteries, a primary cause of heart attacks in men.

As climate changes, so could the genes of the Eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly
Researchers warn climate change can not only influence the geographic distribution of a species in response to changing conditions -- it could also affect the evolutionary trajectories of interbreeding species.

Beluga whales dive deeper, longer to find food in Arctic
Beluga whales that spend summers feeding in the Arctic are diving deeper and longer to find food than in earlier years, when sea ice covered more of the ocean for longer periods, according to a new analysis led by University of Washington researchers

Latest palliative care findings on caregiver depression, LGBT partners, moral distress
Caregivers of patients surviving a prolonged critical illness experience high and persistent rates of depression.

How political parties influence our beliefs, and what we can do about it
Fake news is everywhere, but why we believe it is still unclear.

TSRI stroke drug demonstrates safety in clinical trial
'These results lay the groundwork for the next steps toward FDA approval,' says John Griffin, PhD, professor at TSRI, whose team invented 3K3A-APC.

Study of mollusk epidemic could help save endangered sea snail
Overfishing and environmental change have pushed abalone species on the US west coast to the edge of extinction.

Oil-eating microbes are challenged in the Arctic
Bacteria play a major role in cleaning up oil spills and mitigating its environmental impacts.

How to get the most out of foreign investment
Researchers at the Higher School of Economics (HSE University) have revealed that Russian companies need to invest in the development of intellectual resources in order to maximize the benefits from partners in developed countries.

Very long-chain lipids could help prevent dry eye disease
Very long-chain lipids in the most superficial layer of the tear film cause severe dry eye disease when they were shortened in mice -- a result that could help develop new drugs for the disease.

Hospital charges for outpatient cancer care highly variable, Medicare billing records show
An analysis of recent Medicare billing records for more than 3,000 hospitals across the United States shows that charges for outpatient oncology services such as chemo infusion or radiation treatment vary widely and exceed what Medicare will pay by twofold to sixfold.

Researchers use data to look 'upstream' to see what makes patients sick
Researchers at IUPUI and the Regenstrief Institute have successfully used data to predict primary care patients' needs for social service referrals, a finding that may potentially help shift the focus of health care from caring for ill people to preventing patients from getting sick.

Laser-ranged satellite measurement now accurately reflects Earth's tidal perturbations
Tides on Earth have a far-reaching influence, including disturbing satellites' measurements by affecting their motion.

Spare parts from small parts: Novel scaffolds to grow muscle
Australian biomedical engineers have developed a 3-D material that successfully mimics nature to transform cells into muscle.

Distant tropical storms have ripple effects on weather close to home
In a new paper in npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University researchers describe a breakthrough in making accurate predictions of weather weeks ahead.

Research shows that parental care is associated with mate value in adult offspring
Adults, who report having received higher levels of parental care in childhood, perceive themselves as more attractive mates.

Removing globally-used anxiety drug from recycled and wastewater at low cost
Researchers can now remove the anxiety drug Diazepam from recycled water and wastewater, using low-cost titanium dioxide nanofibers.

Researchers invent tiny, light-powered wires to modulate brain's electrical signals
A new University of Chicago study shows how tiny, light-powered wires could be fashioned out of silicon to manipulate electrical signaling between neurons.

Nitrate flux in the Arctic not following the decreasing NOx emissions in neighboring countries
Nitrate deposits in the Arctic remains high even after the turn of the century, despite environmental policies adopted by neighboring countries in the late 20th century to cut nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions.

When proteins shake hands
Protein nanofibres often have outstanding properties such as a high stability, biodegradability, or antibacterial effect.

Clues to obesity's roots found in brain's quality control process
Around the clock, cells deep in the brain produces a 'grandfather' form of several hormones that help us regulate our appetite and eating.

Some black holes erase your past
Physicists insist on determinism: your past and present determine your future uniquely, per Einstein's equations of general relativity.

Microanalysis of biological samples for early disease detection
Osaka University researchers developed a microanalysis device that uses terahertz waves, showing high sensitivity for detecting ultra-trace amounts of analyte. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to