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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | February 28, 2018


Breastfeeding may have long-term heart health benefits for some moms
Women with normal blood pressure during pregnancy and who breastfed their babies for at least six months following birth had better markers of cardiovascular health years later compared to women who never breastfed, based on research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.
Solar-to-hydrogen conversion: Nanostructuring increases efficiency of metal-free photocatalysts by factor 11
Polymeric carbon nitrides exhibit a catalytic effect in sunlight that can be used for the production of hydrogen from solar energy.
Effective pediatric cancer treatment is possible in the midst of a refugee crisis
Six years into Lebanon's refugee crisis, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and the Children's Cancer Center of Lebanon at the American University of Beirut Medical Center offer a blueprint for effective childhood cancer treatment during turmoil.
Patients may live longer after hip replacement, study suggests
Hip replacement surgery not only improves quality of life but is also associated with increased life expectancy, compared to people of similar age and sex, reports a study in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® (CORR®), a publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.
Water in the chest -- New findings on pleural effusion
Lung cancer patients are particularly susceptible to malignant pleural effusion, when fluid collects in the space between the lungs and the chest wall.
Soil cannot halt climate change
Unique soils data from long-term experiments, stretching back to the middle of the nineteenth century, confirm the practical implausibility of burying carbon in the ground to halt climate change.
Six decades of cosmology
In a recent paper published in EPJ H, Jayant V.
Getting a GRiP on chemoresistance: A review of GRP78 as a therapeutic target in cancer
The review article shows that elevated GRP78 expression is predictive of resistance to chemotherapy and tumor resurgence in many cancers.
Black holes from small galaxies might emit gamma rays
Researchers from Clemson University have discovered seven galaxies that could shake up what astrophysicists thought they knew about how the size of a galaxy -- and the black hole at its center -- can affect its behavior.
Experts call for more evidence to test impact of GP video consultations
In a paper published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, the team from the Department of Primary Care and Public Health at Imperial College London said that while there is evidence that video consulting is acceptable to patients and offers many potential benefits, at least to those of younger age, its safety and efficacy in primary care currently remains largely untested.
New mathematical framework establishes the risk of dramatic collapses of real networks
A theoretical framework explaining the risk of rare events causing major disruptions in complex networks, such as a blackout in a power grid, has been proposed by a mathematician at Queen Mary University of London.
DNA study of cow stomachs could aid meat and dairy production
Meat and milk production from cattle could one day be boosted, thanks to analysis of microbes in cows' stomachs by researchers led by the University of Edinburgh and Scotland's Rural College (SRUC).
Why the institution of fatherhood is taking so long to change
Men in blue-collar occupations tend to spend limited time with their children, leaving childrearing almost entirely to the child's mother, according to researchers at the Higher School of Economics (HSE University).
Study reveals growing severity of US firearm injuries requiring hospital admission since early 90s
New data published in the journal Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open today show an annual increase in severity of non-fatal firearm injuries needing hospital admission across the United States since the early 1990s.
Maize fields entice geese to winter in Denmark
More and more geese remain in Denmark for the winter.
Researchers identify the types of genetic mutations associated with nephrotic syndrome
By analyzing the most common genetic variants, Brazilian scientists aim at improving diagnosis nad treatment for the disease, which presents high resistance to drugs as well as relapse in post-transplant scenario.
New TSRI method accelerates studies on carbohydrate biology
The breakthrough may expand research on the roles of glycans in human diseases, including cancers.
Unlocking the secrets of the universe
After 12 years of experimental effort, a team of scientists, led by Arizona State University astronomer Judd Bowman, has detected the fingerprints of the earliest stars in the universe.
Novel 3-D printing method embeds sensing capabilities within robotic actuators
Inspired by our bodies' sensory capabilities, Harvard University researchers have developed a platform for creating soft robots with embedded sensors that can sense movement, pressure, touch, and even temperature.
As summers get warmer, more rain may not be better than less
Warm, wet summers are historically unusual and could bring unexpected disruptions to ecosystems and society, according to new research from the University of British Columbia.
Familial breast cancer not only inherited genetically, finds new study
Doctors will be better able to predict breast cancer risk thanks to pioneering work led by University of Melbourne researchers, who have identified heritable but non-genetic markers for breast cancer susceptibility.
Understanding the smallest brain circuits
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have found a previously unseen pattern among the rapid-firing neurons inside the brain, one that reveals how distinct networks located in specific areas compete and even suppress each other.
The factors that most affect our immune system
Why do we respond differently to infections or vaccines? The Milieu Intérieur Laboratory of Excellence coordinated at the Institut Pasteur by CNRS research director, Dr.
Forage-based diets on dairy farms produce nutritionally enhanced milk
In a collaborative research project, researchers have found that cows fed a 100 percent organic grass and legume-based diet produce milk with elevated levels of omega-3 and CLA, and thus provides a markedly healthier balance of fatty acids.
Stunning footage shows how drones can boost turtle conservation
Drones are changing the face of turtle research and conservation, a new study shows.
Football associated with heart changes, increased cardiovascular risk
Football players show structural changes in the heart and face an elevated risk of heart rhythm disorders later in life, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.
What happens in the brain during unconsciousness?
Researchers at Michigan Medicine are shining a light on the darkness of the unconscious brain.
University of Guelph researchers create tool to manage urban cat population crisis
Guelph researchers have developed a unique model that accurately calculates urban cat populations.
Nut consumption may aid colon cancer survival
People with stage III colon cancer who regularly eat nuts are at significantly lower risk of cancer recurrence and mortality than those who don't, according to a new, large study led by researchers at Yale Cancer Center.
Sample storage method could improve health care in resource-limited regions
Blood and urine tests play vital roles in modern medicine.
Modern volcanism tied to events occurring soon after Earth's birth
Plumes of hot magma from the volcanic hotspot that formed Réunion Island in the Indian Ocean rise from an unusually primitive source deep beneath the Earth's surface.
Pesticides are accumulated in the fat tissue
Pesticides are accumulated in bodies with high fat content. This conclusion was made by the scientists from the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) that have been studying seabirds and marine mammals of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Bering Sea for several years.
Lithium treatment for bipolar disorder linked to lowest risk of rehospitalisation
Individuals with bipolar disorder have the lowest risk of rehospitalisation if treated with lithium, according to a study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in JAMA Psychiatry.
Beneficial skin bacteria protect against skin cancer
Science continues to peel away layers of the skin microbiome to reveal its protective properties.
Researchers find new target on lethal brain tumor that can be hunted by immune cells
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers and collaborators report they modified immune cells to hunt brain tumors displaying a new molecular target, which they determined is highly prevalent on brain cancer cells.
Home-based blood pressure monitoring should be commonplace in NHS, say researchers
General practitioners should encourage patients with hypertension to monitor their blood pressure at home and use those readings in their day-to-day care, recommend a team of experts.
Missing link found between pathways involved in cell development
A new mechanism that coordinates human development in response to signals from outside the cell has been discovered by researchers at the Wellcome Sanger Institute and the Wellcome -- MRC Cambridge Stem Cell Institute.
NIAID unveils strategic plan for developing a universal influenza vaccine
Developing a universal influenza vaccine -- a vaccine that can provide durable protection for all age groups against multiple strains, including those that might cause a pandemic -- is a priority for the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
Implantable machines measure heart function
Scientists have devised a method to obtain critical information about cardiac function -- using machines that help failing hearts circulate blood.
Heart failure more likely for some breast cancer and lymphoma survivors
Patients who were treated for breast cancer or lymphoma are more than three times at risk for developing congestive heart failure, compared with patients who did not have cancer.
A lithium battery that operates at -70 degrees Celsius, a record low
Researchers in China have developed a battery with organic compound electrodes that can function at ?70 degrees Celsius -- far colder than the temperature at which lithium-ion batteries lose most of their ability to conduct and store energy.
Storm waves can move boulders we thought only tsunamis had the power to shift
In a new paper in Earth Science Reviews, researchers from Williams College in the US show that four years ago, storms moved huge boulders along the west coast of Ireland.
Dressing atoms in an ultracold soup
Using lasers, US and Austrian physicists have coaxed atoms in an ultracold strontium gas into complex structures unlike any previously seen in nature.
'Obesity paradox' debunked
A new study debunks the 'obesity paradox,' a counterintuitive finding that showed people who have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease live longer if they are overweight or obese compared with people who are normal weight at the time of diagnosis.
Study offers blueprint for community-based public history research
A new paper on fieldwork in rural Belize serves as a case study for how an established anthropology fieldwork model can be used to both develop site-specific cultural and historical exhibits and train a new generation of public history scholars.
Records study suggests gender affirming surgeries on the rise along with insurance coverage
In a national medical records analysis, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine say there is evidence that the number of gender affirming surgeries performed in hospitals for transgender individuals is on the rise, along with increased access made possible by Medicare, Medicaid or private insurance coverage for the procedures.
3-D simulations reveal synergistic mechanisms of the human heart
In a new study published in EPJ E, Valentina Meschini from the Gran Sasso Science Institute, L'Aquila, Italy and colleagues introduce a new model that examines the mutual interaction of the blood flow with the individual components of the heart.
Mapping the neural circuit governing thirst
Caltech researchers discover the wiring of the circuit in the mouse brain that drives and quenches thirst.
ECG on smartwatch accurately detects AFib
A newly-designed wristband and corresponding app that works with a smartwatch can accurately display the heart's electrical activity and notify people with atrial fibrillation (AFib) if their heart is beating normally or not, according to data being presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.
Number of people killed by animals each year in the US remains unchanged
A new study released in the latest issue of Wilderness & Environmental Medicine shows that animal encounters remain a considerable cause of human harm and death.
Why premature cell division promotes cancers
The accumulation of mutations in the human genome is at the origin of cancers, as well as the development of resistance to treatments.
Astronomers detect ancient signal from first stars in universe.
For the first time, astronomers have detected a signal from stars emerging in the early universe.
Genital inflammation reduces efficacy of tenofovir gel
A new study shows that genital inflammation significantly reduces the effectiveness of tenofovir gel in preventing HIV infection in women.
Glowing molecule can reveal live tuberculosis bacteria
A new technique may one day allow fast, simple detection of the bacteria that causes TB, as well as a way to monitor whether drugs are working.
Search for first stars uncovers 'dark matter'
New research from a Tel Aviv University astrophysicist, published today in Nature, offers the first direct proof that dark matter exists and that it is composed of low-mass particles.
'Botox' improves appearance of facial scars in reconstructive surgery
In patients undergoing reconstructive surgery of the face, treatment with botulinum toxin A (BTX-A, or 'Botox') can improve the final appearance of surgical scars, reports a clinical trial in the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
Machine learning techniques show promise for supporting medical decisions
Several studies being presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session demonstrate how the computer science technique known as machine learning can be used to accurately predict clinical outcomes in patients with known or potential heart problems.
Picasso's plans to build the world's tallest concrete sculpture uncovered in Florida
Pablo Picasso's plans to build a 100-foot sculpture for the University of South Florida in Tampa are uncovered along with a recorded interview with famed collaborator Carl Nesjar and architectural drawings by world famous architect Paul Rudolph.
Astronomers detect earliest evidence yet of hydrogen in the universe
MIT and ASU astronomers have detected the earliest signs of hydrogen in the universe, suggesting first stars appeared around 180 million years after the Big Bang.
Study: Brain injury may boost risk of Alzheimer's earlier in life
Concussions and other traumatic brain injuries may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease earlier in life, according to a study from UT Southwestern's Peter O'Donnell Jr.
Are government controls on indigenous caribou hunting warranted?
Although governance has restricted indigenous hunting of caribou in northern Canada and Alaska, a new study finds that there is no evidence that indigenous harvesting practices have had a negative impact on caribou populations.
Scientists confirm century-old speculation on the chemistry of a high-performance battery
Scientists have discovered a novel chemical state, first proposed about 90 years ago, that enables a high-performance, low-cost sodium-ion battery.
Scientists pinpoint single letter of genetic code that makes African Salmonella so dangerous
Scientists have identified a single genetic change in Salmonella that is playing a key role in the devastating epidemic of bloodstream infections.
New tardigrade species Macrobiotus shonaicus sp. nov. identified in Japan
A new tardigrade species has been identified in Japan, according to a study published February 28, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Daniel Stec from the Jagiellonian University, Poland, and colleagues.
Naked-eye detection of solvent vapor
Researchers at the University of Tsukuba developed a sensor based on porous crystalline fibers of a fluorescent dendrimer.
New stem cell found in lung, may offer target for regenerative medicine
Newly identified stem cells in the lung that multiply rapidly after a pulmonary injury may offer an opportunity for innovative future treatments that harness the body's ability to regenerate.
Fish oil and probiotic supplements in pregnancy may reduce risk of childhood allergies
Women who take fish oil supplements and probiotics in later pregnancy may reduce their child's risk of food allergy and eczema, according to new research.
Holding hands can sync brainwaves, ease pain, study shows
A new study by a University of Colorado Boulder pain researcher shows that when a romantic partner holds hands with a partner in pain, their brain waves sync and her pain subsides.
Negative childhood experiences can lead people to believe in conspiracy theories
Belief in conspiracy theories stems -- in part -- from negative early childhood experiences with caregivers, new research has shown.
Marked increase in cardiovascular risk factors in women after preeclampsia
Women diagnosed with preeclampsia during pregnancy were significantly more likely to develop high blood pressure, diabetes or high cholesterol within five years compared with women who did not have preeclampsia, in a study being presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.
Making the moon
Simon Lock, a graduate student in Harvard's Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, is the lead author of a study that suggests the Moon -- rather than being spun out of the aftermath of a massive collision between planet-sized objects -- actually emerged from a massive, donut-shaped cloud of vaporized rock called a synestia.
New-found stem cell helps regenerate lung tissue after acute injury, finds Penn study
Researchers have identified a lung stem cell that repairs the organ's gas exchange compartment.
Research details mineralogy of potential lunar exploration site
Scientists have long wanted to retrieve rock samples from the Moon's South Pole-Aitken basin, and a new study by researchers from Brown University could be helpful in locating an ideal landing site.
Breast cancer and lymphoma treatments save lives, but may make heart failure more likely for some
Patients with a history of breast cancer or lymphoma were more than three times as likely to develop heart failure--a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs -- compared with a similar group of patients who did not have cancer, according to data being presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.
RNA-based therapy cures lung cancer in mouse models
By turning down the activity of a specific RNA molecule researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy, Sweden, have cured lung tumors in mice by 40-50 percent.
Newly discovered CRISPR mechanism may help prevent dangerous errors
researchers at The Ohio State University report that they've figured out the mechanism by which the CRISPR gene-editing enzyme Cas9 determines where and when to cut DNA strands -- a discovery that could help prevent gene-cutting errors.
Genetics or lifestyle: What is it that shapes our microbiome?
Some microbiome researchers had suggested that this variation begins with differences in our genes; but a large-scale study conducted at the Weizmann Institute of Science challenges this idea and provides evidence that the connection between microbiome and health may be even more important than we thought.
More than just a cosmetic procedure -- 'tummy tuck' reduces back pain and incontinence
In addition to restoring the pre-pregnancy shape of the abdomen, abdominoplasty ('tummy tuck') surgery with muscle repair can improve back pain and urinary incontinence after childbearing, reports a study in the March issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
The moon formed inside a vaporized Earth synestia
A new explanation for the Moon's origin has it forming inside the Earth when our planet was a seething, spinning cloud of vaporized rock, called a synestia.
For girls who mature early, psychological problems last into adulthood
Tracking nearly 8,000 girls from adolescence through their late 20s - far longer than other studies have - a Cornell University researcher says girls who get their periods earlier than peers are likely to experience depression and antisocial behavior well into adulthood.
Land partnerships have high potential to preserve biodiversity as climate shifts
Conservation partnerships between protected lands and their non-protected neighbors could significantly improve a region's ability to accommodate species migration in response to shifting climates, according to a study published Feb.
Study: Brain stimulation helps younger, not older, adults' memory
A study conducted at the University of Illinois at Chicago found that while the younger adults showed memory improvement from transcranial direct current stimulation, the older adults did not.
Flipside of a dinosaur mystery: 'Bloat-and-float' explains belly-up ankylosaur fossils
Why are fossil remains of ankylosaurs -- armored 'tanks of the Cretaceaous' -- usually found belly-up?
Obesity not a risk factor for acute respiratory illnesses, study finds
Although obesity has been considered a risk factor for more-severe cases of the flu, a new study found that it is not a risk factor for severe acute respiratory illnesses, including the flu, in children or adults.
Researchers: Participants' freedom made Restaurant Day world's largest food carnival
The world's largest food carnival, Restaurant Day, spread to more than 70 countries because it operated in a completely different way than popular consumer movements in general.
Aqueous storage device needs only 20 seconds to go
A KAIST research team developed a new hybrid energy storage device that can be charged in less than half a minute.
Disappearing act
The Asian tiger mosquito -- carrier of such diseases as dengue, yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, Chikungunya and Zika -- appears to have vanished from Palmyra.
Moms who co-sleep beyond six months may feel more depressed, judged
Moms who continue to co-sleep -- by sharing either a room or bed -- with their infants past six months were more likely to feel depressed, worried about their babies' sleep and think their decisions were being criticized, according to Penn State researchers.
Cancer metastasis: Cell polarity matters
Not only the number of migrating cancer cells determines the risk for metastasis but also their characteristics, scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have now reported in Nature Communications.
More isn't always better when it comes to health care, older Americans say
Doctors and older patients may disagree more often than either of them suspects about whether a particular medical test or medicine is truly necessary, according to findings from a new poll of Americans over age 50.
Don't want to lose a finger? Let a robot give a hand
In an effort to minimize injury and let carpenters focus on design and other bigger-picture tasks, a team from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) have created AutoSaw, a system that lets you customize different items that can then be constructed with the help of robots.
NASA space laser completes 2,000-mile road trip
Once in orbit after it launches this fall, NASA's ICESat-2 satellite will travel at speeds faster than 15,000 miles per hour.
Researchers create more complete picture of freshwater toxic algal blooms
Using two different measurement methods, researchers from North Carolina State University conducted a two-year study of North Carolina's Jordan Lake in which they monitored toxic algal blooms.
Children's use of non-dental services for oral pain could be costing the NHS £2.3 million a year
Thousands of children with oral pain are being taken by parents to pharmacies and non-dental health services, including A&E, instead of their dentist, and could be costing NHS England £2.3 million a year, according to research led by Queen Mary University of London.
A new way to combine soft materials
Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new method to chemically bond multiple soft materials independent of the manufacturing process.
Seeing nanoscale details in mammalian cells
W. E. Moerner and his lab members peer inside mammalian cells, producing intricately detailed, 3-D images of the tiny structures within and tracking molecules' subtle movements.
Internet search trends mirror heart disease patterns
Search engine queries related to common heart disease symptoms track closely with geographic and seasonal trends for coronary heart disease hospitalizations, according to research being presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.
Anxiety as a protective factor after a heart attack
Fear protects people from danger. A team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and Helmholtz Zentrum München has discovered that this applies even to pathological anxiety disorders.
Personalizing wearable devices
When it comes to soft, assistive devices the wearer and the robot need to be in sync.
Precision maps reveal significant health and education disparities within African nations
A new scientific study finds that while nearly all nations in Africa have at least one region where children's health is improving, not a single country is expected to end childhood malnutrition by 2030, an objective of the relevant United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG).
Aspirin lowers risk of death for patients with diabetes, heart failure
For people living with both Type 2 diabetes and heart failure, taking an aspirin each day appears to lower the risk of dying or being hospitalized for heart failure, according to research being presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.
Opioid crisis affects children and teens too -- Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics outlines strategies to reduce opioid prescribing
Children and adolescents undergoing surgery can be swept up in the ongoing opioid epidemic, according to a review and update in the Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, official journal of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA).
Lightweight hyperspectral imagers bring sophisticated imaging capability to drones
In a new study, researchers used 3-D printing and low-cost parts to create an inexpensive hyperspectral imager that is light enough to use onboard drones.
New evidence of nuclear fuel releases found at Fukushima
Uranium and other radioactive materials, such as caesium and technetium, have been found in tiny particles released from the damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors.
New data helps explain recent fluctuations in Earth's magnetic field
Using new data gathered from sites in southern Africa, researchers have extended their record of Earth's magnetic field back thousands of years to the first millennium.
New graphene laser technique opens door for edible electronics
Electronics, the lifeblood of the modern world, could soon be part of our daily diet.
The fine-tuning of two-dimensional materials
A new understanding of why synthetic 2-D materials often perform orders of magnitude worse than predicted was reached by teams of researchers led by Penn State.
Genomic analysis underscores need for precision therapies that target pediatric cancer
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital offers the most comprehensive analysis yet of the genomic alterations leading to cancer in children and affirms the need for pediatric-specific precision therapies
Trapping multidrug-resistant bacteria in molecular glue
Researchers at VIB, KU Leuven and UZ Leuven devised a novel approach to develop antibacterial drugs.
Explaining the increasing temperature of cooling granular gases
Researchers shed light on scientific phenomenon which helps to understand better evolution of interstellar dust and planetary rings in space.
Basic password guidance can dramatically improve account security, study shows
Technology users who receive guidance when setting passwords -- including how likely it is that hackers could break into their accounts -- are significantly more likely to make their choices secure, according to research by the University of Plymouth, McGill University and Purdue University.
Higher waist and hip measures may add up to greater risk for heart attack among women
Higher waist and hip size are more strongly associated with heart attack risk than overall obesity, especially among women, according to research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.
Common knee operation in elderly constitutes low value care, new study concludes
A new Medicare records study by Johns Hopkins researchers has added to mounting evidence that a common surgery designed to remove damaged, worn ends of the thin rubbery cartilage in the knee joint brings little or no benefit to people over the age of 65.
ALS-linked protein's journey into nervous system cells more complex than we thought
University of Bath scientists have developed a better understanding of a key protein associated with brain diseases including ALS (motor neurone disease) and dementia by studying how it enters central nervous system cells.
Getting flu vaccine cuts risk of death by half in people with heart failure
For people with heart failure, getting a seasonal influenza (flu) vaccine in a given year was associated with a 50 percent drop in the risk of death during flu season and a 20 percent drop in the risk of death during the rest of the year, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.
Study first to demonstrate brain mechanisms that give The Iceman unusual resistance to cold
Dutch adventurer Wim Hof is known as 'The Iceman' for good reason.
Is obesity associated with having a shorter life?
Obesity was associated with a shorter lifespan and an increased risk of illness and death from cardiovascular disease, and being overweight was associated with a lifespan similar to be being normal weight but a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease younger.
'Random walk' of heat carriers in amorphous polymers
Modeling heat conduction in amorphous polymers has been a challenging problem due to their complex structures.
Genital surgery increases among transgender patients seeking gender-affirming surgeries
Genital surgery increased among transgender patients seeking gender-affirming surgeries and most patients paid out of pocket for the procedures.
Dyes for 'live' extremophile labeling will help discover life on Mars
Scientists could not find a substance that would help them to observe halophiles 'live'.
Assessing quantum dot photoemissions
Recent research from Kumamoto University in Japan has revealed that polyoxometalates (POMs), typically used for catalysis, electrochemistry, and photochemistry, may also be used in a technique for analyzing quantum dot (QD) photoluminescence (PL) emission mechanisms.
Soccer success study kicks goals
Scientists believe they may have discovered the crucial ingredients for a winning soccer team.
Skull optical clearing window for cortical imaging
A non-invasive approach for creating an optical window in the skull to enable the brains of living mice to be imaged has been demonstrated by Dan Zhu et al from HUST.

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