Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 06, 2018
UToledo engineer creates solution to cheaper, longer lasting battery packs
The new technology called a bilevel equalizer is the first hybrid that combines the high performance of an active equalizer with the low cost of the passive equalizer.

New test extends window for accurate detection of zika
Diagnosis of Zika infection is complex. Molecular tests for exposure are only reliable in the first two to three weeks after infection.

Conservationists find birds in central African rain forest are facing major threats from bushmeat hunting
In a new study released this month, conservationists are sounding the alarm about a growing hunting crisis plaguing rainforests in central Africa.

For blind gamers, equal access to racing video games
Computer Scientist Brian A. Smith has developed the RAD -- a racing auditory display -- to enable visually impaired gamers play the same types of racing games that sighted players play with the same speed, control, and excitement as sighted players.

Study reveals novel biomarkers for future dementia risk
Sudha Seshadri, M.D., founding director of the Glenn Biggs Institute for Alzheimer's & Neurodegenerative Diseases at UT Health San Antonio, is co-leader and senior author on research announced March 6 that identifies novel biomarkers of risk for future dementia.

Interim open-label study results suggest higher dapivirine vaginal ring use, lower HIV risk
Interim data from a large open-label study of the monthly dapivirine ring have found increased product use compared to a previous Phase III study.

Running on renewables: How sure can we be about the future?
A variety of models predict the role renewables will play in 2050, but some may be over-optimistic, and should be used with caution, say researchers.

Study shows cycling as number one cause of cervical fractures in men
Sporting-related cervical fractures increased by 35 percent from 2000 to 2015, mainly due to an increase in cycling-related injuries, according to research presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency impacts children's risk for severe forearm fractures
Children who are vitamin D deficient have a greater risk of having more severe forearm fractures requiring surgical treatment, according to a new study presented today at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

Texas A&M chemists use technology to decode language of lipid-protein interaction
Technology has a massive impact on our day-to-day lives, right down to the cellular level within our own bodies.

Environmental exposures more determinant of respiratory health than inherited genetics
Researchers have found strong evidence that environmental exposures, including air pollution, affect gene expressions associated with respiratory diseases much more than genetic ancestry.

Logo recognition associated with kids' choice of international junk foods
Young children in six low- and middle-income countries prefer junk foods over traditional and home cooked meals, according to a new University of Maryland School of Public Health study.

Chimpanzees help researchers improve machine learning of animal simulations
Researchers at The University of Manchester are using computer simulations of chimpanzees to improve not only our understanding of how the animals walk, but also the technology we use to do it.

Stab injury of zebrafish unveils regenerative processes by neural stem cells in the brain
Waseda University researchers recently elucidated the regenerative processes by neural stem cells using a stab injury model in the optic tectum, a less studied area of the brain, of adult zebrafish.

Salk scientists find power switch for muscles
ERRĪ³ gene enables endurance exercise and repairs type of damage seen in neuromuscular diseases.

Cannabis compound may help curb frequency of epileptic seizures
A naturally occurring compound found in cannabis may help to curb the frequency of epileptic seizures, suggests a review of the available evidence, published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Supportive colleagues could be the key to health and fairness at work
The attitudes and behaviors of colleagues towards people returning to work from sick leave can have a big impact on whether or not a worker feels they are fairly treated by their organization.

Research finds little difference among diet plans' long-term effectiveness
Whether you pick low-carb, low fat or another diet plan, scientific research indicates each can help some people achieve modest long-term weight loss with potential improvement in health risks, according to the Scientific Statement the Endocrine Society issued today on managing obesity.

NASA examines Tropical Cyclone Dumazile's flooding rainfall
Tropical cyclone Dumazile formed east of Madagascar on March 3, 2018 and brought soaking rainfall to Madagascar.

How tattoos are maintained by macrophages could be key to improving their removal
Researchers in France have discovered that, though a tattoo may be forever, the skin cells that carry the tattoo pigment are not.

Bioengineering team's 'circuit' work may benefit gene therapy
Researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas have designed genetic 'circuits' out of living cellular material in order to gain a better understanding of how proteins function, with the goal of making improvements.

Bacteria resistant to last-resort antibiotic, missed by standard tests
Emory microbiologists have detected

Women's use of vaginal ring is higher in open-label study, as is level of HIV protection
Midway into a study in which all participants are offered use of a monthly vaginal ring containing an antiretroviral drug called dapivirine, researchers have seen women's risk of acquiring HIV reduced by more than half.

People with depression have stronger emotional responses to negative memories
People with major depressive disorder (MDD) feel more negative emotion when remembering painful experiences than people without the disorder, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.

A new tactic for eczema?
Existing treatments for eczema, which affects about 17 percent of children in developed countries, are expensive or have side effects.

One-off PSA screening for prostate cancer does not save lives
Inviting men with no symptoms to a one-off PSA test for prostate cancer does not save lives according to results from the largest ever prostate cancer trial conducted over 10 years by Cancer Research UK-funded scientists and published today (Tuesday) in JAMA.

Study suggests native UK Pine martens are helping to control invasive gray squirrels
For many years, populations of a little red squirrel with cute ear tufts, a native of Great Britain, Ireland and Europe, have been in serious decline because of competition for food from an invasive North American gray squirrel and a pox it carries for which the native animal has no defense.

Glaciers in Mongolia's Gobi Desert actually shrank during the last ice age
High in Mongolia's Gobi Desert, the climate is so dry and cold that glaciers shrank during the last ice age.

Fish team up for more food
A tiny striped fish called Neolamprologus obscurus only found in Lake Tanganyika in Zambia excavates stones to create shelter and increase the abundance of food for all fish in the group.

Many small differences contribute to a large variation
There is no single main reason why certain drugs affect people differently, but rather many small factors.

BU study: Insurance status affects in-hospital complication rates after total knee arthroplasty
In-hospital complications following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are higher among Medicare and Medicaid patients compared to those with private insurance.

Moving toward a future free of drug-induced hearing loss
A new special publication orchestrated by five of the nation's leading hearing experts compiles the latest research into hearing loss caused by drugs and solvents -- how it occurs, how to treat it, and how to prevent it.

Mouse healing may reveal targets to delay or prevent human heart failure
In a study of mouse healing after severe heart attacks, which may reveal therapeutic targets that can help humans avoid or delay heart failure, researchers looked at the heart and spleen over time and measured the types and numbers of immune cells involved; the types and amounts of lipid signaling compounds produced; the expression of the enzymes that produce those signaling compounds; and which enzymes are key to resolution of inflammation.

Neuroprotective mechanisms of gene and cell therapy of spinal cord injuries
Genetically modified stem and progenitor cells overexpressing NTFs have recently attracted special attention of researchers and are most promising for the purposes of regenerative medicine.

Study: 'Dual mobility' hip replacement reduces risk of dislocation
Dislocation is one of the most common complications after hip replacement and the number one reason for revision surgery.

Study validates tool to assess mortality risk in older patients with orthopedic fractures
A new study provides further validation of a predictive analytics software tool, developed by orthopedic trauma surgeons at NYU Langone Health, that has been shown to identify which middle-aged and elderly patients who experience an orthopedic fracture may face a greater mortality risk after surgery.

Neurocognitive impairment linked to worse outcomes after total joint replacement
Research led by orthopedic surgeons at NYU Langone Health reveals that people with undiagnosed neurocognitive deficits are undergoing hip and knee replacements at high rates and are more likely to have poorer short-term outcomes after surgery than people without such deficits.

Helmet use associated with reduced risk of cervical spine injury during motorcycle crashes
Despite claims that helmets do not protect the cervical spine during a motorcycle crash and may even increase the risk of injury, researchers from the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics in Madison found that, during an accident, helmet use lowers the likelihood of cervical spine injury (CSI), particularly fractures of the cervical vertebrae.

Overlooked cell key player in preventing age-related vision loss
Researchers have pinpointed a new therapeutic target for macular degeneration, an eye disease that affects over 10 million Americans and is the leading cause of blindness in adults over 60.

Controlling ceramides could help treat heart disease
SBP researchers have discovered that accumulation of ceramides--a type of lipid (fat)-- plays a crucial role in lipotoxic cardiomyopathy (LCM)--a heart condition that often occurs in patients with diabetes and obesity.

Towards an unconscious neural reinforcement intervention for common fears
In a collaboration between researchers based Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International (ATR), Japan, and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) scientists have moved one major step towards the development of a novel form of brain-based treatment for phobia that may soon be applicable to patients

New tool helps identify risk for post-surgical dislocations following hip replacement
A study led by Jonathan Vigdorchik, MD, assistant professor of orthopedic surgery at NYU Langone Health, suggests that a new risk prediction model and treatment algorithm can help identify patients at high risk of postoperative dislocation after a hip replacement, and who may benefit from alternative implants.

Without 46 million year-old bacteria, turtle ants would need more bite and less armor
Socially transmitted, nitrogen-providing microbes have opened a new ecological frontier for herbivorous turtle ants.

Current deforestation pace will intensify global warming, study alerts
In a Nature Communications article, international group of scientists affirms the prolongation of an annual deforestation of 7,000 square km can nullify the efforts for reducing GHG emissions.

Poor mothers face greater scrutiny over their children's weight
Low-income mothers who use food assistance programs face a high level of surveillance over their children's health and weight, new UBC research suggests.

Treatment variations may be cutting short lives of lung cancer patients in England
Differences in the active treatment of lung cancer across England may be cutting short the lives of hundreds of patients with the disease every year, concludes research published online in the journal Thorax.

Opioids not better at reducing pain to improve function for chronic back, knee and hip pain
Opioid medications were not better at improving pain that interfered with activities such as walking, work and sleep over 12 months for patients with chronic back pain or hip or knee osteoarthritis pain compared to nonopioid medications.

New study finds couples do poorly at knowing when their partner is sad or feeling down
Couples do poorly at knowing when their partner is sad, lonely or feeling down, finds a new study from Southern Methodist University, Dallas.

UMass Amherst expert, international team call for action on diabetes medicines in India
India has one of the highest rates of type 2 diabetes in the world, and there is now 'growing national and international concern' about the drug regulatory system there, which allows use of a drug treatment that has not been shown effective or safe, say researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the UK's Newcastle University in a paper published today in the British Medical Journal.

Frequent 'I-Talk' may signal proneness to emotional distress
People who talk a lot about themselves are not narcissists as one might expect.

No fish story! Research finds marine reserves sustain broader fishing efforts
In their examination of marine reserves, also known as marine protected areas or MPAs, around coral reefs in the Philippines, Robert Fidler and Ralph Turingan found evidence that MPAs helped to produce and maintain the more desirable, large-bodied and older fish within populations that have been fished by local fishermen for centuries.

Staying clean keeps seafish smart
'Vet' service provided by smaller fish is key to keeping coral reefs healthy, a Canadian study finds.

Pre-surgery counseling, non-opioid pain relievers shown to reduce post-surgery opioid use
Two new studies presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) demonstrated that pre-operative counseling resulted in a significant decrease in opioid use after hand surgery and patients who used non-opioid pain relievers following surgery experienced a similar pain experience and benefit with less adverse events than those that received opioids.

Shoddy safety/effectiveness evidence behind India's top selling diabetes drug combos
The evidence on which India's top selling drug combinations for diabetes have been approved for sale is shoddy, with the requisite trial data falling well short of the international standards set by the World Health Organization (WHO), finds the first study of its kind published in the online journal BMJ Global Health.

Scientists engineer crops to conserve water, resist drought
For the first time, scientists have improved how a crop uses water by 25 percent, without compromising yield, by altering the expression of one gene that is found in all plants.

UH researchers uncover link between heart attacks and inflammatory bowel disease
University Hospitals Harrington Heart & Vascular Institute researchers Muhammad Panhwar, MD, and Mahazarin Ginwalla, MD, recently concluded a study of more than 22 million patients that suggests a strong connection between Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and the development of heart disease and heart attacks.

UGA researchers develop new method to improve crops
A team of University of Georgia researchers has developed a new way to breed plants with better traits.

Stem cell centers on the rise, claim high efficacy for treatment of knee osteoarthritis
Even with a lack of peer-reviewed evidence, the number of centers advertising stem cell therapies for osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee are increasing in the United States.

Unclassified version of new report predicts small drone threats to infantry units
The emergence of inexpensive small unmanned aircraft systems (sUASs) that operate without a human pilot, commonly known as drones, has led to adversarial groups threatening deployed U.S. forces, especially infantry units.

Study advances research in pelvic organ prolapse among women
By measuring the sagging of the vaginal walls in more than a thousand volunteers for up to nine years annually, a team of Baltimore physicians reports the creation of a long-awaited baseline measure of the rate of progression of so-called pelvic organ prolapse.

Escape artist
A new study by the University of Toronto Mississauga research team led by Professor Robert Reisz and PhD student Aaron LeBlanc, published March 5 in the open source journal, Scientific Reports, shows how a group of small reptiles who lived 289 million years ago could detach their tails to escape the grasp of their would-be predators -- the oldest known example of such behaviour.

Social status influences infection risk and disease-induced mortality
Spotted hyena cubs of high-ranking mothers have a lower probability of infection with and are more likely to die from canine distemper virus than cubs of low-ranking mothers.

Mosquito gut may hold the key to preventing Dengue and Zika
A mosquito's ability to replicate and transmit a virus depends on the metabolic environment of tissues in its midgut: the primary site of infection.

Lithium-related discovery could extend battery life and improve safety
New research from Arizona State University shows using a 3-dimensional layer of Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as the substrate of lithium metal anode has been found to mitigate dendrite formation and stands to both dramatically extend battery life and diminish safety risks.

Return to play checklist reduces re-injury for athletes following anterior cruciate ligament
A new study presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) looked at primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions among high-level athletes, and found that a return to play checklist decreased the incidence of injury to the knee following ACL reconstruction.

Mapping the genome jungle: Unique animal traits could offer insight into human disease
An interdisciplinary team of scientists at University of Utah Health are using animals' unique traits to pinpoint regions of the human genome that might affect health.

Brown fat flexes its muscle to burn energy
Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have discovered that the same kind of fat cells that help newborn babies regulate their body temperature could be a target for weight-loss drugs in adults.

High uptake and use of vaginal ring for HIV prevention observed in open-label study
Nearly 90 percent of participants in an open-label study of a vaginal ring infused with a drug to prevent HIV are using the monthly ring at least some of the time, according to an interim analysis of study data.

Projected volume of primary and revision total joint replacement in the US 2030 to 2060
Total joint replacement (TJR) is one of the most commonly performed, elective surgical procedures in the United States, and the volume of primary and revision TJR procedures has risen continuously in recent decades.

Perioperative short haul air travel associated with increased risk of venous thromboembolism
New research presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) found a correlation between flying following hip or knee arthroplasty and an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Chlorine bleach is the main ingredient in a toxic cocktail that destroys bacteria
Certain white blood cells protect us from bacteria by engulfing them.

Different strokes for different folks
Individuals are inclined to have different mindsets depending on their consumption goals, and marketers should tailor their messages accordingly.

What do crime scene investigators actually do? (video)
Television crime dramas have run up a huge audience, but their popularity has come with some unexpected consequences.

Teachers, pedagogical skills, and the obstacle of intuition
When a task calls for intuitive, its complexity goes unnoticed.

Who's a good boy? Why 'dog-speak' is important for bonding with your pet
Scientists at the University of York have shown that the way we speak to our canine friends is important in relationship-building between pet and owner, similar to the way that 'baby-talk' is to bonding between a baby and an adult.

Queen's scientists crack 70-year-old mystery of how magnetic waves heat the Sun
Scientists at Queen's University Belfast have led an international team to the ground-breaking discovery that magnetic waves crashing through the Sun may be key to heating its atmosphere and propelling the solar wind.

Where fresh is cool in Bay of Bengal
Each summer, the South Asian monsoon transforms parts of India from semi-arid into lush green lands able to support farming.

HIV in sub-Sahara Africa: Testing and treatment start at home improves therapy
Home-based HIV testing and prompt treatment with antiretroviral therapy increases the number of patients under treatment as well as treatment success.

Glaciers provide clues to combat desertification
Understanding how bacteria help convert glacier bedrock into soil could help address desertification.

A simple trick for modeling calcium
Calcium ions enable cells to communicate with one another, allowing neurons to interact, muscles to contract, and the heart's muscle cells to synchronize and beat.

Broad spectrum antiviral drug inhibits a range of emerging coronaviruses
Researchers have long known that RNA viruses called coronaviruses cause the common cold and pneumonia.

Our circadian clock sets the rhythm for our cells' powerhouses
Cellular energy metabolism also follows the rhythm of the circadian clock.

Linking virus sensing with gene expression, a plant immune system course-corrects
Researchers at Durham University in the UK have identified a crucial link in the process of how plants regulate their antiviral responses.

Strict eating schedule can lower Huntington disease protein in mice
New research from the University of British Columbia suggests that following a strict eating schedule can help clear away the protein responsible for Huntington disease in mice.

Paying attention as the eyes move
The visual system optimally maintains attention on relevant objects even as eye movements are made, shows a study by the German Primate Center.

What the smell can tell
Breath analysis in disease diagnostics is a promising research field, and the advances in instrumentation allows the accurate detection of metabolites.

Study reveals how the brain tracks objects in motion
In their new study, researchers from MIT found that people make much more accurate estimates when they have access to information about both the speed of a moving object and the timing of its rhythmic patterns.

Dispelling the myth that scientists don't care about teaching
Surveys and an analysis of classroom noise levels show the success of a three-year effort by the San Francisco State University Biology Department to get smarter about teaching.

Rural claim lines with sleep apnea diagnoses increased 911 percent from 2014 to 2017
From 2014 to 2017, private insurance claim lines with a diagnosis of sleep apnea -- a potentially serious disorder in which a person repeatedly stops and starts breathing while asleep -- increased by 911 percent in rural America, according to FAIR Health.

Preventing exhaustion in immune cells boosts immunotherapy in mice
Immunotherapy does not work for a majority of cancer patients.

Engineering a new spin for disease diagnostics
Researchers at the National University of Singapore have created a new platform with the potential to extract tiny circulating biomarkers of disease from patient blood.

A treasure trove for nanotechnology experts
A team from EPFL and NCCR Marvel has identified more than 1,000 materials with a particularly interesting 2-D structure.

BODE may overestimate transplant benefit in COPD patients
In a new study published in the journal CHESTĀ®, researchers aimed to determine if patients selected as transplant candidates have a better survival rate than the BODE score indicates.

Spicing it up: High school students may prefer seasoned veggies over plain
High school students may prefer seasoned vegetables more than plain, according to Penn State researchers who hope that this will lead to students liking and eating more veggies, and result in less food waste in school.

Infants who receive multiple vaccinations not at increased risk for infection
Infants who receive multiple vaccines as part of the routine vaccination schedule are unlikely to be more susceptible to other infections not targeted by those vaccines in the two years following vaccination, according to a study from Kaiser Permanente published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Pain's origins may be significantly different in males and females
New research from The University of Texas at Dallas supports the growing consensus that pain begins differently for men and women at the cellular level.

Green spaces in cities help control floods, store carbon
A new study shows that urban green spaces like backyards, city parks and golf courses contribute substantially to the ecological fabric of our cities -- and the wider landscape -- and they need to be added to the data ecologists currently use when exploring big questions about our natural world.

The growing trend of youth sports specialization
Youth sports has experienced a paradigm shift over the past 15 to 20 years.

CRISPR enhances cancer immunotherapy
The FDA recently approved the first cellular immunotherapies to treat certain blood cancers.

How thalidomide is effective against cerebral infarction
Scientists at Waseda University and Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences studied thalidomide's target protein, cereblon (CRBN), and its binding protein, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which plays an important role in maintaining intracellular energy homeostasis in the brain.

The body's 'glucostat' identified
It is the pancreatic islets that have the overall responsibility for maintaining normal blood glucose levels in our bodies, according to a new study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, USA.

Physicists lay groundwork to better understand the birth of the universe
Sebastian Deffner at UMBC and Anthony Bartolotta at Caltech have developed the first techniques for describing the thermodynamics of very small systems with very high energy -- like the universe at the start of the Big Bang -- which could lead to a better understanding of the birth of the universe and other cosmological phenomena.

Only two US programs now scientifically proven to decrease ACL injury and improve neuromuscular
According to the Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases in the United States, females are four to five times more likely than males to sustain non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.

Rigor mortis in worms offers new insight into death
A dying worm experiences rigor mortis early in the death process, rather than after the main event as it is for humans, according to a new study by an international team of scientists at UCL and Washington University.

Doctor reviews on hospital websites vs. reviews on independent physician rating sites
When looking for a doctor, many consumers turn to websites that post physician ratings and reviews.

Waterfalls offer insights into how rivers shape their surrounds
The amount of water flowing through a river has little influence over long-term changes to its course and the surrounding landscape, research into waterfalls has shown.

Determinant factors for chronic kidney disease after partial nephrectomy
Minimally invasive surgery appears to offer broader therapeutic scope for the renal masses without compromising oncological outcomes in proper hands.

Reality television played a key role in taking Trump from apprentice to president
Many factors account for Donald Trump's presidential election victory, but Americans would be doing a disservice to their understanding of the country's political system by ignoring his role as a reality television personality, according to a forthcoming study that is the first to scientifically examine how parasocial relationships formed through 'The Apprentice' and

Researchers reshape the energy landscape of phonons in nanocrystals
Phonons, which are packets of vibrational waves that propagate in solids, play a key role in condensed matter and are involved in various physical properties of materials.

Teaching computers to guide science: Machine learning method sees forests and trees
While it may be the era of supercomputers and 'big data,' without smart methods to mine all that data, it's only so much digital detritus.

Research brief: Shifting tundra vegetation spells change for arctic animals
For nearly two decades, scientists have noted dramatic changes in arctic tundra habitat.

Major step found in cellular response to stress caused by pathological insult
A new study conducted by researchers at The Wistar Institute revealed how a key protein residing in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) helps cells respond to stress.

Hubble finds huge system of dusty material enveloping the young star HR 4796A
Astronomers have used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to uncover a vast, complex dust structure, about 150 billion miles across, enveloping the young star HR 4796A.

Does single PSA test have effect on prostate cancer detection, death?
A screening program that invited men to a clinic to undergo a single prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test increased detection of low-risk prostate cancer but made no significant difference in prostate cancer deaths after 10 years.

University of Guelph researchers reveal new way to potentially fight Ebola
University of Guelph researchers have shown an innovative antibody delivery method could be an effective way to prevent and treat Ebola infection.

Chronic ill-health and the chances of surviving a heart attack
New research has identified the devastating impact of pre-existing health problems on recovery from a heart attack.

Cleaning nanowires to get out more light
A simple chemical surface treatment improves the performance of nanowire ultraviolet light-emitting diodes.

Untapped gold mine is lost from end-of-life vehicles
Vast quantities of scarce metals are being lost from Europe's urban mine of vehicles, including 20 tonnes of gold each year -- and the proportion of critical metals in vehicles is continuing to increase.

Genomes of seven unusual animals reveal new parts of the human genome for disease
To unearth new functional regions in the human genome with potential roles in shaping clinically important traits, researchers searched for how elephants, hibernating bats, orcas, dolphins, naked mole rats, and ground squirrels changed critical parts of the human genome that are shared with most other mammals.

Return to play for soccer athletes and risk for future injury
A new study presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) looked at soccer athletes who sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction to better understand the average return to play time and their risk of injury following a revision ACL reconstruction.

Photosynthesis originated a billion years earlier than we thought, study shows
Ancient microbes may have been producing oxygen through photosynthesis a billion years earlier than we thought, which means oxygen was available for living organisms very close to the origin of life on earth.

Comet Chury formed by a catastrophic collision
Comets made up of two lobes, such as Chury, visited by the Rosetta spacecraft, are produced when the debris resulting from a destructive collision between two comets clumps together again.

Scientists developed a material for the new type of liquid crystal displays
A team from the Faculty of Physics, MSU together with their foreign colleagues developed a new liquid crystal material with high potential as a basis for brighter, faster, energy saving displays with higher resolution.

Why the latest shingles vaccine is more than 90 percent effective
A new study has shown how the body's immune system responds to the new shingles vaccine, Shingrix, making it more than 90 percent effective at protecting against the virus.

Determining the cause of difficult-to-control mitochondrial diseases
A Japanese research group has discovered that the 'non-essential' amino acid taurine is important for protein translation in mitochondria and is involved in mitochondrial disease development.

Enhanced weathering of rocks can help to suck CO2 out of the air -- a little
Weathering of huge amounts of tiny rocks could be a means to reduce the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to