Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 12, 2018
The Great Recession took a toll on public health, study finds
The Great Recession, spanning 2008 to 2010, was associated with heightened cardiovascular risk factors, including increased blood pressure and glucose levels, according to a new UCLA-led study.

A game changer: Metagenomic clustering powered by supercomputers
Berkeley Lab and Joint Genome Institute researchers took one of the most popular clustering approaches in modern biology -- Markov Clustering algorithm -- and modified it to run efficiently and at scale on supercomputers.

Heart attack risk increases with six-month dual antiplatelet therapy
The combined rate of death from any cause, heart attack or stroke within 18 months was not significantly different in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who were randomly assigned to receive dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for either six months or at least 12 months after receiving a drug-eluting stent.

Gerontologists tackle social isolation, increasingly a public health concern
Social connectivity and meaningful social engagement must be promoted as integral components of healthy aging, according to a new collection of articles in the latest issue of Public Policy & Aging Report (PP&AR) from The Gerontological Society of America (GSA).

It's mostly luck, not pluck, that determines lifetime reproductive success
Can one seedling, or one female bird, be so superior to the rest that it will inevitably become the 'lucky' one to grow to the sky, or help perpetuate the species?

Study identifies 76 quality indicators essential for emergency care systems in Africa
The need for emergency care in low-income and middle-income countries has never been greater, but until now, measurable indicators for providing this care have been lacking.

Why some older people are rejecting digital technologies
Following interviews with older adults, researchers from Lancaster University have discovered that resistance to using digital technologies is not primarily rooted in accessibility issues, as widely believed.

Are adolescents with mental health conditions more likely to receive opioids?
Adolescents with a wide range of preexisting mental health conditions and treatments were more likely to progress from an initial opioid prescription to long-term opioid therapy than adolescents without those conditions, although long-term opioid therapy was uncommon overall.

Extracellular vesicles could be personalized drug delivery vehicles
Creating enough nanovesicles to inexpensively serve as a drug delivery system may be as simple as putting the cells through a sieve, according to an international team of researchers who used mouse autologous -- their own -- immune cells to create large amounts of fillable nanovesicles to deliver drugs to tumors in mice.

How the color-changing hogfish 'sees' with its skin
The hogfish can go from white to reddish in milliseconds as it adjusts to shifting conditions in the ocean.

New link between obesity and body temperature
Reduced ability to maintain body temperature in colder environments may contribute to the development of obesity in adulthood, suggests a new study in mice published in JNeurosci.

Turning off autophagy helps chemotherapy stress cancer cells to death
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published March 12 in the journal Developmental Cell suggests inhibiting molecule FOXO3a could increase effectiveness of autophagy-inhibitors, which have shown promise but little success in clinical practice.

Mutating Ebola's key protein may stop replication
Researchers were able to mutate Viral Protein 40 (VP40) in a way that changed the residues of the protein, blocking the budding and replication of Ebola virus in a model system.

CRISPR helps find new genetic suspects behind ALS/FTD
NIH-funded researchers used the gene editing tool CRISPR to rapidly identify genes in the human genome that might modify the severity of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) caused by mutations in a gene called C9orf72.

A combination of personality traits might make you more addicted to social networks
As social networking companies feel the heat to create a more socially responsible and positive experience for their millions of users, new research out of Binghamton University, State University of New York explores how the interaction of personality traits can impact the likelihood of developing an addiction to social networking.

Sit, stay, heal: Study finds therapy dogs help stressed university students
Therapy dog sessions for stressed-out students are an increasingly popular offering at North American universities.

Dengue fever linked to increased risk of stroke
A new study has found that people with dengue fever have a higher risk of stroke, especially in the first 2 months following infection.

Parenting stress associated with epigenetic differences in African American mothers
Parenting can be stressful - and this stress may be influencing the DNA methylation of African American mothers, finds a new study led by NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing published in the Journal of Clinical and Translational Science.

Research could improve management of conflict between wildlife and farmers across the globe
A new study led by the University of Stirling highlights improvements in the way conflicts between wildlife conservation and farming are managed worldwide.

Scientists find treasure trove of 110 genes linked to breast cancer
Scientists have linked 110 genes to an increased risk of breast cancer in the most comprehensive study ever to unpick the genetics of the disease.

Moderate Facebook use promotes happiness in adults with Autism spectrum disorder
Among adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a new study has shown that those who use Facebook, in moderation, are happier than those who do not.

Critical limb ischemia treatment shows no improvement at three months
Patients with foot ulcers or gangrene who received the experimental drug JVS-100 did not show evidence of faster wound healing, compared with those receiving a placebo, in a study presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.

Caloric restriction in combination with low-fat diet helps protect aging mouse brains
New research finds that a low-fat diet in combination with limited caloric consumption prevents aging-induced inflammatory activation of immune cells in the mouse brain - and that exercise is significantly less effective than caloric restriction in preventing these age-related changes.

Computers discover compounds that could reduce Listeria's virulence
Researchers from North Carolina State University have pinpointed new compounds that may be effective in containing the virulence -- or ability to produce disease -- of Listeria, a well-known bacterium that can cause severe food poisoning and even death.

Canakinumab reduces risk of cardiovascular events in populations with unmet clinical need
Two new analyses of data from more than 10,000 heart attack survivors worldwide were presented by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital at the 2018 American College of Cardiology meeting.

Near infrared chemical imaging can help maintain the safety of pharmaceutical tablets
The final step in pharmaceutical production is often tableting. Near infrared chemical imaging can be used to monitor inconsistencies in the powder that will become the tablet, which have been introduced by mechanical processes in the tableting equipment and can lead to out of specification tablets.

Genetic heart diseases cause fewer SIDS deaths than previously thought, study finds
Genetic mutations linked to heart disease have been considered a leading cause of sudden infant death syndrome, but a new study by Mayo Clinic, British and Danish researchers finds they are to blame for far fewer SIDS deaths than previously thought.

Mexico's 2017 earthquake emerged from a growing risk zone
Under Mexico, where the Cocos Plate from the Pacific Ocean slides under the North American Plate, a bending line of hills, created when the seafloor first formed, sits atop a flattened area of subduction.

Calcium testing in coronary arteries better way to predict heart attacks than stress testing alone
Researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City have found that incorporating underused, but available, imaging technologies more precisely predicts who's at risk for heart attacks and similar threats -- in time to prevent them.

Ag robot speeds data collection, analyses of crops as they grow
A new lightweight, low-cost agricultural robot could transform data collection and field scouting for agronomists, seed companies and farmers.

Two behaviors linked to high school dropout rates
The factors that may lead to a student's decision to leave school are complex, but a new study from the University of Georgia sheds light on how two behaviors -- aggression and weak study skills -- contribute to the problem.

Smoking heightens risk of psychoses
Smoking at least 10 cigarettes a day is linked to a higher risk of psychoses compared to non-smoking young people.

Patients in primary care networks had fewer visits to ED, shorter stays
Patients receiving care from physicians in primary care networks were less likely to visit emergency departments, according to a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

New CMU and Pitt research finds the brain is less flexible than we thought when learning
Nobody really knows how the activity in your brain reorganizes as you learn new tasks, but new research from Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh reveals that the brain has various mechanisms and constraints by which it reorganizes its neural activity when learning over the course of a few hours.

Childhood trauma link offers treatment hope for people with schizophrenia
Researchers from Orygen, the National Centre of Excellence for Youth Mental Health; the University of Melbourne; Port Phillip Prison and University Hospital of Gran Canaria Dr Negrin, Spain, have shown that childhood sexual, physical and emotional abuse are associated with severe hallucinations in schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.

Movable silicon 'lenses' enable neutrons to see new range of details inside objects
An innovative new way to focus beams of neutrons might allow scientists to probe the interiors of opaque objects at a size range they were blind to previously, allowing them to explore the innards of thick, opaque objects from meteorites to cutting-edge manufactured materials without damaging them.

Study finds early signatures of the social brain
An MIT study finds the brain network that controls theory of mind has already formed in children as young as 3.

Humans thrived in South Africa through the Toba super-volcanic eruption ~ 74,000 years ago
New research describes finding glass shards from a volcanic eruption at two archaeological sites in coastal South Africa, tracing those shards to Mount Toba in Indonesia through chemical fingerprinting and documenting a continuous human occupation across the volcanic event.

Modern humans flourished through ancient supervolcano eruption 74,000 years ago
Early modern humans living in South Africa around 74,000 years ago prospered through the cataclysmic eruption of the Toba supervolcano in Sumatra.

Trial bolsters evidence in favor of closing hole in heart after stroke
Among people with a type of hole in the heart, known as patent foramen ovale (PFO), those who received a medical device to close this opening after a stroke fared better after two years compared with those who received stroke-preventing medications alone.

Patients living longer with Duchenne muscular dystrophy pose new challenge for caregivers
Diagnostic and treatment advances are helping patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy live into their 30s and beyond, raising challenges in such areas as education, vocation, levels of independence, personal relationships, emotional health, and intimacy.

Holography approach improves heads up displays for planes and cars
Heads-up displays are transparent devices used in airplanes and cars to provide information such as critical flight data or driving directions on the windshield.

Mexico well ahead of US in LGBT rights
Caroline Beer has spent her career researching comparative data between Latin American countries and the United States that often debunks false stereotypes.

Precision oncology in advanced cancer patients improves overall survival
Resource use intensity for patients in the targeted group was lower in both higher-cost, acute settings such as inpatient and ER as well in the lower acuity outpatient setting, compared to control patients.

Study tackles neuroscience claims to have disproved 'free will'
For several decades, some researchers have argued that neuroscience studies prove human actions are driven by external stimuli -- that the brain is reactive and free will is an illusion.

NASA finds strongest storms in newly formed Tropical Cyclone 13P
Infrared satellite data showed Tropical Cyclone 13P quickly developed powerful storms with very cold cloud top temperatures.

Ratings rise over time because they feel easier to make
Tasks often feel easier to perform as we gain experience with them, which can have unintended consequences when the task involves rating a series of items, according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP Satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Hola dissipating
When NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the South Pacific Ocean it captured a visible image of Tropical Cyclone Hola being torn apart by wind shear.

New treatment for aggressive breast cancer
Approximately 10-15 percent of breast cancer cases do not respond to treatment with hormone therapy, which means that they are more aggressive and often recur.

Kansas State University researchers make breakthrough in glyphosate resistance in pigweeds
Kansas State University researchers have discovered the mechanism by which pigweed develops resistance to glyphosate, a popular herbicide.

Painting a clear picture of how nitrogen oxides are formed
For decades, combustion researchers and engine companies have been seeking to understand how these gases are produced during combustion so that they can find ways to reduce them.

Life in the fast flow: Tadpoles of new species rely on 'suction cups' to keep up
The young of two new species and a genus of frog found to inhabit Sumatra's rainforests have developed a unique ability to latch onto rocks in the fast-flowing rivers, using bellies crafted by evolution into 'suction cups'.

Socioeconomic status may affect survival of patients with anal cancer
In a study of patients with anal cancer, living in low median household income areas was linked with an increased risk of early death.

Marine exploration sensing with light and sound
Unveiling new strategies to improve future wireless underwater sensing networks for marine research and communication.

Stroke research: 32 hits
Researchers have analyzed genetic data from half a million subjects in a search to identify the underlying causes of stroke, a complex vascular disease.

Water troughs are key to E. coli contamination in cattle
A major study led by Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine researchers reveals for the first time that water troughs on farms are a conduit for the spread of toxic E. coli in cattle, which can then spread the pathogen to people through bacteria in feces.

National Academies review of the draft Fourth National Climate Assessment
The US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to review the draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) -- a congressionally mandated report that evaluates the state of climate science and the broad range of impacts of climate change in the United States every four years - and the draft Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2) - a report that feeds into the overall assessment process developed by USGCRP.

More deaths, strokes seen with perioperative beta blocker one year after surgery
During the 12 months after undergoing noncardiac surgery, patients with or at risk for heart disease who were treated with the beta blocker metoprolol for 30 days were less likely than patients who received a placebo to have a heart attack, but more likely to die or have a stroke, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.

Preclinical characterization of therapeutic antibodies
These findings led them to hypothesize that antibodies generated against the C-terminus Shh epitope can bind and neutralize full-length Shh found exclusively on the CSC population, while leaving the cleaved N-terminus Shh, important for physiologic Shh signaling, unperturbed.

Would you pay for an Ebola vaccine? Most say yes.
George Mason University researchers conducted a study during the height of the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic and found that a majority of participants (59.7 percent) would pay at least $1 for a vaccine.

In the eye of the medulloblastoma
Can genes normally expressed only in the eye be activated in brain tumors?

What if we could predict when an athlete was going to be injured?
Athletic performance isn't the only casualty of sports injuries. These injuries pose economic burdens on athletes and their families and can have long-lasting effects on an athlete's quality of life.

Polymer nanoparticle shows ability to locate and treat breast tumors
One major problem in treating cancer is identifying the location of small tumors and treating them before they metastasize.

Rochester researchers use 'flying focus' to better control lasers over long distances
For the first time, researchers at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) have found a way to use a concept called 'flying focus' to better control the intensity of lasers over longer distances.

News from Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
These are research highlights from Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: proteostasis and cancer in a collagen-deficient skin disease; chemical tools for probing protein glycosylation in T-cell activation

Plants overcome hunger with the aid of autophagy
Researchers at Tohoku University have found that plants activate autophagy in their leaf cells to derive amino acids that are used for survival under energy-starved 'hunger' conditions.

Study yields more than a million new cyclic compounds, some with pharmaceutical potential
Researchers say they can now produce a vast library of unique cyclic compounds, some with the capacity to interrupt specific protein-protein interactions that play a role in disease.

Gun laws stopped mass shootings in Australia: New research
The odds of a 22-year absence of mass shootings in Australia since 1996 gun reforms being due to chance are one in 200,000, new research reveals.

Study links type of blood pressure medication to increased variability and higher risk of death
Two types of blood pressure medications -- alpha blockers and alpha 2 agonist -- show increased variability in blood pressure measurements between doctor visits, which is associated with an increased risk of death, according to new research from the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute in Salt Lake City.

How to build a better railway -- in (almost) every cell in your body
New work from the University of Warwick shows how a microscopic 'railway' system in our cells can optimise its structure to better suit bodies' needs.

Method to grow large single-crystal graphene could advance scalable 2-D materials
A new method to produce large, monolayer single-crystal-like graphene films more than a foot long relies on harnessing a 'survival of the fittest' competition among crystals.

Arrested development: Hubble finds relic galaxy close to home
Astronomers have put NASA's Hubble Space Telescope on an Indiana Jones-type quest to uncover an ancient 'relic galaxy' in our own cosmic backyard.

Digging up the precambrian
The agronomic revolution, when animals started to burrow seafloor sediments and dramatically altered the marine ecosystem, began earlier than previously thought.

Trial for gout drug meets primary endpoint, raises safety
Febuxostat, a gout drug that has been in use for nearly a decade, was found to significantly increase the risk of death, even though it did not raise the risk of the trial's primary endpoint, a combined rate of fatal and nonfatal adverse cardiovascular events, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.

Humans behind majority of raptor deaths in Ontario, study finds
University of Guelph researchers found that a majority of raptor deaths are due to trauma and starvation caused by urban expansion and other types of anthropogenic landscape alterations.

A new solution for chronic pain
Neuropathic pain is a chronic illness affecting 7-10 percent of the population in France and for which there is no effective treatment.

Blood thinner significantly reduces the risk of death after non-cardiac surgery
The study enrolled 1,754 patients in 19 countries, 51 percent of whom were male, with an average age of 70 years.

Large-scale genetic study provides new insight into the causes of stroke
The largest genetic study of stroke so far has identified 22 new genetic risk factors, tripling the number of gene regions known to affect stroke risk.

Scientists use nanotechnology to detect molecular biomarker for osteoarthritis
For the first time, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have been able to measure a specific molecule indicative of osteoarthritis and a number of other inflammatory diseases using a newly developed technology.

A robust method to study cancer heterogeneity in liquid biopsy
Scientists reported the development of a robust procedure for whole-genome copy number profiling of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from a blood test.

Drug stops dangerous bleeding in patients taking factor Xa inhibitors
The experimental drug andexanet was associated with control of serious bleeding in patients taking a common class of anticoagulants known as Factor Xa inhibitors, according to interim clinical trial results presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.

Canakinumab doesn't prevent prediabetes from progressing to diabetes
The anti-inflammatory drug canakinumab had no effect on rates of newly diagnosed diabetes in people who had prediabetes (elevated blood sugar levels at risk of developing into diabetes), according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.

A revolutionary technique allows to image all the cells in a region of the brain
An interdisciplinary group of physicists and biologists working on research into brain cells have come up with a new, revolutionary microscopy technique which for the first time allows images to be obtained of all the cells within a specified area of living brain tissue.

cfaed researchers of TU Dresden uncover doping in organic semiconductors
A group of physicists from the cfaed at TU Dresden, together with researchers from Japan, were able to demonstrate in a study how the doping of organic semiconductors can be simulated and experimentally verified.

More homes built near wild lands leading to greater wildfire risk
New research out of the University of Wisconsin-Madison shows that a flurry of homebuilding near wild areas since 1990 has greatly increased the number of homes at risk from wildfires while increasing the costs associated with fighting those fires in increasingly dense developments.

Investigators identify neural circuit, genetic 'switch' that maintain memory precision
Investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Center for Regenerative Medicine and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) have identified a neural circuit mechanism involved in preserving the specificity of memories and a genetic 'switch' that can slow down memory generalization -- the loss of specific details over time that occurs in both age-related memory impairment and in post-traumatic stress disorder.

SLU researchers discover structure of protein associated with inflammation, Parkinson's
The findings open the door to developing new treatments for a wide range of illnesses, from heart disease, diabetes and cancer to neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease.

A new cross-coupling simplifies the synthesis of drug-like molecules
Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have designed a new molecule-building method that uses sulfones as partners for cross-coupling reactions, or the joining of two distinct chemical entities in a programmed fashion aided by a catalyst.

Researchers identify key step in viral replication
Pitt and UPMC researchers showed how a common virus hijacks a host cell's protein to assemble new viruses.

Crisis or self-correction: Rethinking how the media cover science
One of the recurring media narratives about the nature of science today is that it is 'broken' or 'in crisis.' But an analysis of how the media cover science news argues that generalizations about a crisis in science aren't justified by the available evidence.

Female researchers publish childcare recommendations for conference organizers
Many women in science are raising concerns over the fact that parents with young children are often excluded from fully participating in academic conference activities.

Riding the (quantum magnetic) wave
Working together, Miller, Boehme, Vardeny and their colleagues have shown that an organic-based magnet can carry waves of quantum mechanical magnetization, called magnons, and convert those waves to electrical signals.

Managing blood pressure in barbershops yields substantial improvements
African-American men who received medical intervention aimed at controlling their high blood pressure while at the barber saw a marked drop in blood pressure in just six months, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.

NASA's James Webb Observatory prepares for additional testing
Engineers removed the combined optics and science instruments of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope from their shipping container in a high bay at Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems in Redondo Beach, California, on March 8, signaling the next step in the observatory's integration and testing.

Will run for meth
The brain regions activated in anticipation of methamphetamine are identified in a noninvasive study of male mice published in eNeuro.

University education makes students more agreeable, conscientiousness
A study published in Oxford Economic Papers indicates that university education has a dramatically positive effect on the development of non-cognitive skills like conscientiousness, extraversion and agreeableness, in addition to the expected intellectual benefits.

Study: Autism's social deficits are reversed by an anti-cancer drug
New research at the University at Buffalo reveals the first evidence that it may be possible to use a single compound to alleviate the behavioral symptoms of autism spectrum disorder by targeting sets of genes involved in the disease.

A milestone in petahertz electronics
In a semiconductor, electrons can be excited by absorbing laser light.

The occurrence of magnetism in the universe
Flows of molten metal can generate magnetic fields. This so-called dynamo effect creates cosmic magnetic fields, like those found on planets, moons and even asteroids.

Response of new cotton variety (rassafa) to nitrogen fertilizer
The Rassafa cotton cultivar is a relatively new variety grown in the dry areas of the Eastern Mediterranean region.

Four kinds of algal toxins found in San Francisco Bay shellfish
Researchers monitoring San Francisco Bay for algal toxins have found a surprising array of different toxins in the water and in mussels collected from the bay.

Children's Colorado experts find surgery promising option for severely obese adolescents
When a bariatric surgeon and an endocrinologist specializing in diabetes examined the effectiveness of medical versus surgical management of type 2 diabetes in adolescents, the results of the surgical intervention proved to be promising.

Researchers issue first-annual sea-level report cards
Researchers are launching new web-based 'report cards' to monitor and forecast changes in sea level at 32 localities along the US coastline from Maine to Alaska.

15 new planets confirmed around cool dwarf stars
Scientists report the existence of 15 new planets -- including one 'super-Earth' that could harbor liquid water -- orbiting small, cool stars near our solar system.

Researchers find bone density scans can also help identify cardiovascular disease
Researchers from Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research, University of Western Australia, University of Sydney, and Edith Cowan University have discovered that bone density scans, typically used to determine fracture risk, could also be an aid in identifying cardiovascular disease.

Barbershop-based healthcare study successfully lowers high blood pressure in African-American men
African-American men successfully lowered their high blood pressure to healthy levels when aided by a pharmacist and their local barber, according to a new study from the Smidt Heart Institute.

Low-dose 'triple pill' lowers blood pressure more than usual care
A pill combining low doses of three blood pressure-lowering medications significantly increased the number of patients reaching blood pressure targets compared with usual care, researchers reported at the American College of Cardiology's 67th Annual Scientific Session.

New research shows why babies need to move in the womb
Biological signals that direct the development of bone and cartilage at specific skeletal locations are stimulated by movement in the womb.

Great Recession still plagues workers with lower lifetime wages
For displaced workers in Washington state during the Great Recession, earnings dropped suddenly and had still not fully recovered five years later, according to a working paper by labor economists at Princeton University, Michigan State University and the W.E.

Plants faring worse than monkeys in increasingly patchy forests of Costa Rica
A University of Toronto-led study shows that cattle ranching, agriculture and other human activities breaking up Costa Rican forests into isolated patchy fragments, are causing more problems for native plant populations than for monkey species sharing the same habitat.

Keeping GPUs young
Graphics processing units (GPUs) are used for many computationally intensive tasks.

The Alps are home to more than 3,000 lichens
Widely used as biomonitors of air quality, forest health and climate change, lichens play a vital role.

The changing voices of North Atlantic right whales
Researchers have found that right whale calls, much like human voices, change as individuals age.

Glass matters
Better known as glass, silica is a versatile material used in myriad industrial processes, from catalysis and filtration, to chromatography and nanofabrication.

Brown adipose tissue made transparent
Brown adipose tissue has played a key role in prevention research since its presence was first documented in adults.

Early warning system for deadly amphibian pathogen
Environmental DNA is a new technology that detects telltale bits of genetic material that living creatures shed into their environment.

Association of excessive daytime sleepiness in older adults and biomarker of Alzheimer's disease
Excessive daytime sleepiness in a group of older adults without dementia was associated with increased accumulation of a brain protein that is an important biomarker for Alzheimer's disease.

Babies fed soy-based formula have changes in reproductive system tissues
Infants who consumed soy-based formula as newborns had differences in some reproductive-system cells and tissues, compared to those who used cow-milk formula or were breastfed, according to a new study.

Why is it so hot at night in some cities?
During the nighttime, it is hotter in the city than in nearby suburbs or the countryside.

Study identifies shortcomings young patients with type 2 diabetes transition to adult care
Youth-onset type 2 diabetes is increasing globally as a result of pediatric obesity.

Elephant declines imperil Africa's forests
Poaching and habitat loss have reduced forest elephant populations in Central Africa by 63 percent since 2001.

Study finds flatfoot reconstruction effective for older patients
When someone develops adult-acquired flatfoot deformity, they are offered either a reconstruction or foot fusion depending on the severity of the flatfoot and their age.

Stress of open-heart surgery significantly reduces vitamin D levels, but supplementation helps
The stress of open-heart surgery significantly reduces patients' vitamin D levels, but aggressive supplementation with vitamin D3, just before and after surgery, can completely eliminate the observed drop in vitamin D, researchers have found.

Taking the jab (and the chill) out of vaccination
In the April edition of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, a team led by Associate Professor John Miles from James Cook University and Cardiff University's Professor Andrew Sewell describe how they engineered a new vaccine production platform and built a fully synthetic flu vaccine.

Can pursuing happiness make you unhappy?
Researchers have found that people who pursue happiness often feel like they do not have enough time in the day, and this paradoxically makes them feel unhappy.

Worldwide study triples number of known genetic risk factors for stroke
The largest genetic study of stroke to date triples the number of known genetic risk factors for the disease and also should enable researchers to find novel treatments for dementia.

The cause of low-level turbulence around Hong Kong International Airport
The occurrence of low-level turbulence around Hong Kong International Airport, which can influence the landing and departure of aircraft and is closely related to aviation safety, is an important topic of study.

Using artificial intelligence to investigate illegal wildlife trade on social media
Illegal wildlife trade is one of the biggest threats to biodiversity conservation and is currently expanding to social media. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to