Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 22, 2018
The efficiency of nature-inspired metaheuristics in limited-budget expensive global optimization
Global optimization problems where evaluation of the objective function is an expensive operation arise frequently in engineering, machine learning, decision making, statistics, optimal control, etc.

Wood pellets: Renewable, but not carbon neutral
A return to firewood is bad for forests and the climate.

Stopping exercise can increase symptoms of depression
Stopping exercise can result in increased depressive symptoms, according to new mental health research from the University of Adelaide.

Artificial wings reach new limits, thanks to inspiration from earwigs
Inspired by the wings of earwigs, scientists have designed artificial wings that exhibit extraordinary folding abilities.

Deep impact: Deep-sea wildlife more vulnerable to extinction than first thought
The existence of the unusual yeti crabs (Kiwaidae) -- a family of crab-like animals whose hairy claws and bodies are reminiscent of the abominable snowman -- since 2005, but already their future survival could be at risk.

Novel genomics tool enables more accurate identification of rare mutations in cancer cells
A new computational method developed by researchers at the New York Genome Center (NYGC) allows scientists to identify rare gene mutations in cancer cells with greater accuracy and sensitivity than currently available approaches.

Metagenomics of early childhood oral health and early childhood caries
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Kimon Divaris, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, the AADR representative to the IADR/AADR Publications Committee, presented a poster titled 'Metagenomics of Early Childhood Oral Health and Early Childhood Caries.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Ships in the English Channel have highest rate of sulphur violations in northern Europe
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have shown that between 87 and 98 percent of ships comply with the tougher regulations for sulphur emissions that were introduced in northern Europe in 2015.

Toward precision medicine: First comprehensive look at human retinal cell diversity
In work that brings researchers closer to the goal of precision medicine approaches to treating glaucoma and other neurodegenerative vision diseases, a new IUPUI study has, for the first time, been able to identify a wide variety of previously unknown cell subtypes in the human eye.

Millions of Americans seek and find illicit marijuana online
Researchers found marijuana shopping searches nearly tripled in the United States from 2005 to 2017, peaking between 1.4 and 2.4 million searches each month.

The subgingival virome in periodontal health and disease
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Abby Siefker, The Ohio State University, Columbus, presented an oral session titled 'The Subgingival Virome in Periodontal Health and Disease.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Boosting enzyme may help improve blood flow, fitness in elderly
An enzyme called SIRT1 declines in the blood vessels with age and restoring it reverses the effects of vascular aging.

Military surgeons report 'alarming frequency' of bench press injuries
A new study has found that serious chest muscle injuries are occurring with 'alarming frequency' among deployed service members who lift weights.

PSU study: Kids from wealthier families feel more control over lives
Sociology professor Dara Shifrer examined which measures of socioeconomic status -- parents' education, family income, race and parents' occupation -- have the greatest influence over a child's locus of control and why

Release of the cancer incidence and survival statistics for Northern Ireland 2012-2016
The Queen's University N. Ireland Cancer Registry (NICR) today released the number of new cancer cases diagnosed (incidence) in Northern Ireland in 2016.

Oldest evaporite deposit to date provides unique look into early Earth's atmosphere
An analysis of salt mineral sediments, or evaporites, from the oldest deposit of this type discovered to date provides a unique window on the atmospheric conditions of early Earth following the Great Oxidation Event 2.3 billion years ago.

Obesity surgery linked to positive outcomes in very obese teens with diabetes
This study is the first to compare glycemic control in two groups of very obese adolescents with type 2 diabetes.

A wearable system to monitor the stomach's activity throughout the day
A team of researchers has developed a wearable, non-invasive system to monitor electrical activity in the stomach over 24 hours--essentially an electrocardiogram but for the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract.

Hubble solves cosmic 'whodunit' with interstellar forensics
On the outskirts of our galaxy, a cosmic tug-of-war is unfolding-and only NASA's Hubble Space Telescope can see who's winning.

Scientists explored the structure of the key region of 'immortality and aging' enzyme
Scientists from Moscow State University (MSU) working in an international team of researchers identified the structure of one of the key regions of telomerase -- a cell immortality enzyme.

Mysterious skeleton shows molecular complexity of bone diseases, Stanford-UCSF study finds
A bizarre human skeleton, once rumored to have extraterrestrial origins, has gotten a rather comprehensive genomic work-up, the results of which are now in, researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine report.

High GPA could work against young women job hunters
Stellar grades in college could hurt -- rather than help -- women new to the job market, according to a new study that suggests employers place more value on the perceived 'likability' of female applicants than on their academic success.

Because of agriculture, the Gulf of Mexico will suffocate for decades longer
Nitrogen runoff has created a massive oxygen-deprived 'dead zone' in the Gulf of Mexico, but even if the runoff was completely eliminated, it would still take at least 30 years for the area to recover, a new study estimates.

Health check can spot psychologically vulnerable persons
If mental health was made part of a health check, then it would be possible to detect vulnerable people who have not received assistance from doctors or psychologists for their psychological problems.

The mouse brain can prioritize hunger by suppressing pain when survival is at stake
Different behaviors are often studied in isolation, leaving unanswered questions about how the brain processes needs and prioritizes behaviors to ensure survival.

In a severe childhood neurodegeneration, novel mechanism found
Neurology researchers investigating a rare but devastating neurological regression in infants have discovered the cause: gene mutations that severely disrupt crucial functions in mitochondria, the energy-producing structures within cells.

Some neonicotinoid pesticides are more toxic to bees than others; here's why
You've probably heard that the safety of neonicotinoid pesticides to bees is a matter of considerable controversy.

Researchers identify compound to prevent breast cancer cells from activating in brain
Researchers at Houston Methodist used computer modeling to find an existing investigational drug compound for leukemia patients to treat triple negative breast cancer once it spreads to the brain.

Generation of a stable biradical
The world of chemistry has witnessed another step forward: researchers at the University of Würzburg in Germany have succeeded in twisting molecules so much that their double bonds have been completely destroyed.

The explosive consequences of cow burps (video)
Cows burp up more gas than you might think possible when they're digesting grass.

Three-in-one molecule shows promise in helping certain breast cancer patients
A newly designed three-part molecule could be the one answer patients with a certain form of breast cancer are looking for, scientists report.

Bacteria may promote pancreatic cancer by suppressing the immune system
Bacterial load was significantly higher in pancreatic tumor samples from patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma compared with pancreatic tissue from normal individuals, and in studies using mice, eliminating certain 'bad' bacteria slowed the growth of pancreatic cancer, reversed immune suppression, and upregulated the immune checkpoint protein PD1.

Hip hop music teaches children, parents to recognize stroke and act quickly
The 'Hip Hop Stroke' initiative uses hip hop music lyrics to effectively educate economically-disadvantaged, minority children and parents about stroke.

Freeloading orchid relies on mushrooms above and below ground
The orchid species Gastrodia pubilabiata mimics rotting mushrooms or fermented fruit, and is pollinated by fruit flies who mistakenly lay their eggs in its flowers.

Attacking lymphoma at the source
The efficacy of target specific therapies in lymphoma is limited to subgroups of patients.

Genetic cause of deadly skin condition afflicting bull terriers discovered
In a new study published March 22, 2018 in PLOS Genetics, Anina Bauer of the University of Bern and a large international research team, report the discovery of a mutation that causes lethal acrodermatitis (LAD), a deadly condition that causes skin lesions on the paws and face of affected dogs.

Keys found to bee-friendly neonics
Discovery of why two of the most economically important bee species are immune to one neonicotinoid insecticide but not to others promises to yield chemical treatments that protect crops from pests without harming these essential pollinators, honeybees and bumblebees.

In field tests, device harvests water from desert air
You really can extract clean drinking water right from the air, even in the driest of deserts, MIT researchers have found.

Whether sustained or sporadic, exercise offers same reductions in death risk
Despite confusing messages, new data shows all moderate or vigorous activity -- even when done in short bursts throughout the day -- can reduce Americans' risk of disease and death, according to research appearing in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

The circadian clock controls the cell cycle and tumor growth in plants
Biological rhythms are ubiquitous in nature, from the beating of the heart to the rhythms of flowering plants.

Is hearing loss associated with increased risk of accidental injury?
Difficulty hearing was associated with increased risk of accidental injury and individuals reporting 'a lot of trouble' hearing were twice as likely to be hurt.

Measurement chip detects Legionella
In an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease, finding the exact source as quickly as possible is essential to preventing further infections.

Men should be included in trials to find better treatments for breast cancer
Professor Robert Mansel, Chair of the 11th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC-11) and Emeritus Professor of Surgery at Cardiff University School of Medicine, UK, has called for men to be included in trials to improve treatments for breast cancer.

Golden touch: Next-gen optical disk to solve data storage challenge
Scientists from Australia and China have drawn on the durable power of gold to demonstrate a new type of high-capacity optical disk that can hold data securely for more than 600 years.

Researchers use 3-D printing to create metallic glass alloys
Researchers have now demonstrated the ability to create amorphous metal, or metallic glass, alloys using 3-D printing technology, opening the door to a variety of applications -- such as more efficient electric motors, better wear-resistant materials, higher strength materials, and lighter weight structures.

Women report fewer adverse side effects from partial or reduced breast radiotherapy
The average number of moderate or marked side-effects reported by breast cancer patients is lower if they are treated with radiotherapy to part of the breast or a reduced dose to the whole breast, rather than with standard radiotherapy to the whole breast, according to new findings presented at the 11th European Breast Cancer Conference.

Antibiotics often inappropriately prescribed for hospitalized kids, global study suggests
Nearly a third of all antibiotics prescribed for hospitalized children globally were intended to prevent potential infections rather than to treat disease, according to the results of a worldwide survey published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

AI tool promotes positive peer groups to tackle substance abuse
When it comes to fighting substance abuse, research suggests the company you keep can make the difference between recovery and relapse.

Breakthrough in photonic biosensors could lead to super-accurate diagnostic and detectors
Stephen Arnold and his team at NYU Tandon's MicroParticle PhotoPhysics Laboratory for BioPhotonics are the first to find a way to determine the density of charges on an area of a whisperinig gallery mode micro-bead's surface, as well as the charge of an ensnared nanoparticle or virus, which could allow researchers and manufacturers not just to identify nanoparticles, but to manipulate them.

A mother's attention affects the genetic code of her young
In mice, a new study reveals that pups that receive less maternal care have more repeated genetic sequences, called transposons, in neurons that reside in their hippocampus.

NASA eyes powerful Tropical Cyclone Marcus
While a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Marcus in the Southern Indian Ocean.

Sagging confidence can lead to more self-interested behaviour -- or less.
New research says that experiencing low confidence in one area can lead to attempts to boost our status in another, even if it means engaging in fraud.

Growth factor gradients in migration-permissive hydrogels for salivary gland assembly
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Kelsea Marie Hubka, a Rice University graduate student and visiting student at University of Texas Health Science Center School of Dentistry, Houston, Texas, presented a poster titled 'Growth Factor Gradients in Migration-Permissive Hydrogels for Salivary Gland Assembly.'

Researchers examine role of fluid flow in ovarian cancer progression
New research from Virginia Tech is moving physicians closer to pinpointing a predictor of ovarian cancer, which could lead to earlier diagnosis of what is know as the 'silent killer.'

Care home admissions risk breaching human rights of older people
Thousands of older people in low and middle-income countries are at risk of abuse and human rights violations when being admitted to care homes, according to new research led by the University of East Anglia (UEA).

Fewer breast cancer patients need radical surgery if they are pre-treated with targeted drugs
Extensive surgery involving mastectomy and removal of several lymph nodes can be safely avoided for more women with some types of breast cancer, if they receive targeted drugs before surgery, according to research presented at the 11th European Breast Cancer Conference.

One in 10 people have traces of cocaine or heroin on their fingerprints
Scientists have found that drugs are now so prevalent that 13 percent of those taking part in a test were found to have traces of class A drugs on their fingerprints -- despite never using them.

Signalling study sheds light on conditions from alopecia to cancer
Researchers from the University of Dundee and the Francis Crick Institute have made a significant discovery about a cellular pathway associated with developmental defects and a myriad of diseases ranging from alopecia to colorectal cancer.

How reciprocity can magnify inequality
People tend to reciprocate others' actions in ways that increase disparities in wealth, according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Physical disability boosts parenting effort, beetles study shows
Animals that carry a physical impediment can work harder to rear their young as a result, an insect study has shown.

Jaguars and well-managed logging concessions can coexist, say conservationists
Logging activities in biodiverse forests can have a huge negative impact on wildlife, particularly large species such as big cats, but a new study proves that the Western Hemisphere's largest cat species--the jaguar (Panthera onca)--can do well in logging concessions that are properly managed, according to conservationists from the San Diego Zoo Global and the Bronx Zoo-based WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society).

More than 2,500 cancer cases a week could be avoided
More than 135,500 cases of cancer a year in the UK could be prevented through lifestyle changes, according to new figures from a Cancer Research UK landmark study.

Scientists pinpoint cause of vascular aging in mice
Scientists identify mechanism behind vascular aging, muscle demise in mice.

Harvard scientists ask 'what is the point?' in challenge to acupuncture researchers
The effectiveness of acupuncture compared to standard treatments has led to its growing inclusion in pain guidelines and in delivery organizations like the US military and Veterans Administration, yet many continue to believe acupuncture lacks scientific credibility.

Sulfur amino acid restriction diet triggers new blood vessel formation in mice
Putting mice on a diet containing low amounts of the essential amino acid methionine triggered the formation of new blood vessels in skeletal muscle, according to a new study from Harvard T.H.

Wealth inequality: Closing the gap by taxing land and bequests
To reduce wealth inequality without diminishing the economic performance of a country, a policy package of bequest taxes and land value taxes could be the optimal solution.

Study finds medical students receive little formal instruction in radiation oncology
Medical school students receive little formal instruction in radiation oncology, a Loyola study has found.

Sex differences and organ transplant rejection
In general, the influence of biological sex on transplant outcomes has not been rigorously studied and largely underappreciated.

Gulf of Mexico dead zone not expected to shrink anytime soon
Achieving water quality goals for the Gulf of Mexico may take decades, according to findings by researchers at the University of Waterloo.

NIH scientists say advanced vaccines could limit future outbreaks
Novel vaccine technologies are critical to improving the public health response to infectious disease threats that continually emerge and re-emerge, according to scientists at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.

Skilled female potters travelled around the Baltic nearly 5000 years ago
During the Corded Ware Culture period, Finland, Estonia and Sweden received skilful female artisans, who had learned to create fashionable and innovative pottery in the eastern region of the Gulf of Finland.

When the Mediteranean Sea flooded human settlements
Around 7,600 years ago, the emergence of agricultural settlements in Southeastern Europe and subsequent progress of civilization suddenly came to a standstill.

Calorie restriction trial in humans suggests benefits for age-related disease
One of the first studies to explore the effects of calorie restriction on humans showed that cutting caloric intake by 15 percent for two years slowed aging and metabolism and protected against age-related disease.

Bacteria eats greenhouse gas with a side of protein
With the ability to leech heavy metals from the environment and digest a potent greenhouse gas, methanotrophic bacteria pull double duty when it comes to cleaning up the environment.

Researchers use light to turn yeast into biochemical factories
Researchers have used a combination of light and genetic engineering to controlling the metabolism, or basic chemical process, of a living cell.

Breakthrough could aid development of bee-friendly pesticides
Efforts to create pesticides that are not toxic to bees have been boosted by a scientific breakthrough.

Obesity surgery prevents severe chronic kidney disease and kidney failure
Patients that underwent weight-loss surgery ran a significantly lower risk of developing severe chronic kidney disease and kidney failure, when compared to conventionally treated patients, according to a study published in International Journal of Obesity.

Being hungry shuts off perception of chronic pain
Finding food is a necessary survival skill, but so is avoiding pain.

Gut bacteria determine speed of tumor growth in pancreatic cancer
The population of bacteria in the pancreas increases more than a thousand fold in patients with pancreatic cancer, and becomes dominated by species that prevent the immune system from attacking tumor cells.

Salivaomics: Saliva extracellular RNA (exRNA) and saliva proteome Wiki
The 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), featured a symposium titled 'Salivaomics: Saliva Extracellular RNA (exRNA) & Saliva Proteome Wiki.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Why hospital staff sympathize with patients who self-discharge
Patients who discharge themselves from hospital should be viewed more positively say researchers, who discovered sympathy for their decision among hospital staff.

Integrated program improves heart and stroke risk factors in those with diabetes
Over a 10-year period, control of three key cardiovascular risk factors improved faster for Kaiser Permanente diabetes patients in Northern California than in the rest of the United States, according to research published today in the American Journal of Medicine.

For graphite pellets, just add elbow grease
Rice University researchers crush and press functionalized graphene to make strong, light graphite pellets that hold promise for electronic and catalytic applications.

Synergistic effects of smoking and obesity on the subgingival microbiome
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Najla Kasabreh, The Ohio State University, Columbus, presented an oral session titled 'Synergistic Effects of Smoking and Obesity on the Subgingival Microbiome.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Gene-based test for urine detects, monitors bladder cancer
Researchers at The Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have developed a test for urine, gathered during a routine procedure, to detect DNA mutations identified with urothelial cancers.

Two-billion-year-old salt rock reveals rise of oxygen in ancient atmosphere
Salts left over from ancient seawater reveal new information about the oxygenation of the Earth's atmosphere more than 2 billion years ago.

Oral microbiome and anthropometry changes following caries arrest using silver-nitrate/fluoride-varnish
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Hailey Taylor, University of California, San Francisco, presented an oral session titled 'Oral Microbiome and Anthropometry Changes Following Caries Arrest Using Silver-Nitrate/Fluoride-Varnish.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Early life experiences influence DNA in the adult brain
Salk scientists discover how maternal behavior changes brain cells in mice.

Using simplicity for complexity -- new research sheds light on the perception of motion
A team of biologists has deciphered how neurons used in the perception of motion form in the brain of a fly -- a finding that illustrates how complex neuronal circuits are constructed from simple developmental rules.

From signal propagation to consciousness: New findings point to a potential connection
Researchers have discovered a novel mechanism through which information can be effectively transmitted across many areas in the brain -- a finding that offers a potentially new way of understanding how consciousness arises.

Effects of periodontitis on the colon microbiome
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Miriam Walker, Meharry Medical College School of Dentistry, Nashville, Tenn., presented a poster titled 'Effects of Periodontitis on the Colon Microbiome.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Custom sequences for polymers using visible light
Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University used a light-sensitive iridium-palladium catalyst to make 'sequential' polymers, using visible light to change how different building blocks are combined into polymer chains.

North and south cooperation to combat tuberculosis
Tuberculosis can be cured and could be eradicated. For this to happen, however, patients have to receive the right treatment.

Nutrient-deficient diet a key Type 2 diabetes contributor for South Asians living in US
Less nutritious dietary choices made by South Asians living in developed countries like the US are a key contributor to the group's rising rate of Type 2 diabetes, UT Southwestern researchers report.

Rate of hip replacement revision surgery declines in all age groups -- except middle age
As more patients undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) before age 65, the rate of repeat hip surgery due to complications has risen sharply in this younger age group, reports a study in the March 21, 2018, issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Low risk of a local recurrence 5 years after surgery for early breast cancer patients
Women with small, low grade, well-defined breast tumours and a genetic profile that shows they are at low risk of the cancer metastasising have only a 1.4% risk of the cancer returning to the site of the original tumour or the nearby lymph nodes within five years, according to new results from a large randomised trial of nearly 7000 patients presented at the European Breast Cancer Conference.

Designing a new material for improved ultrasound
Development of a theoretical basis for ultrahigh piezoelectricity in ferroelectric materials led to a new material with twice the piezo response of any existing commercial ferroelectric ceramics, according to an international team of researchers from Penn State, China and Australia.

Pap test fluids used in gene-based screening test for two gyn cancers
Cervical fluid samples gathered during routine Papanicolaou (Pap) tests are the basis of a new screening test for endometrial and ovarian cancers developed by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.

New study highlights unique state of 'restful alertness' during transcendental meditation
A new study using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) suggests that transcendental meditation is associated with a unique state of 'restful alertness.' The study, which monitored blood flow, found that, compared to eyes-closed rest, during transcendental meditation there was increased activity in the prefrontal cortex, indicating the sort of alertness also seen in other meditations.

Probing RNA epigenetics and chromatin structures to predict drug resistance in leukemia
A University of Chicago based research team has begun to unravel the role of RNA epigenetics and chromatin structure in the regulation of 5-azacytidine, a DNA hypomethylating agent in certain leukemias.

Stiffness of connection influences exchange of physical cues during coordinated movements
When two people coordinate their movements, such as by holding hands or moving furniture, they exchange physical cues through the objects that connect them.

Eating pecans had significant effect on biomarkers of heart disease and type 2 diabetes
A new study published in Nutrients shows that eating just 1.5 ounces of pecans -- one small handful -- every day may protect adults at risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D).

The universal language of hormones
Bioinformatics specialists from the University of Würzburg have studied a specific class of hormones which is relevant for plants, bacteria and indirectly for humans, too.

Unique communication strategy discovered in stem cell pathway controlling plant growth
Researchers have identified a receptor on plant stem cells that can issue different instructions about how to grow.

Early numeracy performance of young kids linked to specific math activities at home
New research finds links between certain math skills in young children and specific numerical activities undertaken at home with parents.

Discovery offers hope for improving physical performance as we age
Leading researchers from UNSW and Harvard have identified that replacing two naturally molecules in mice can reverse the aging process of blood vessels, boosting their exercise capacity and physical endurance.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 16P develop
NASA's Terra satellite passed over the Arafura Sea and captured an image of newly developed Tropical Cyclone 16P.

Six-inch human skeleton discovered with multiple disease-associated mutations
A six-inch human skeleton was discovered with multiple disease-associated mutations.

FASEB Journal: Study shows offspring response to maternal diet and male hormone
A novel study published online in The FASEB Journal identifies sex-specific responses to maternal diet and androgen (male hormone) excess among male and female animal offspring.

Children with physical disabilities are at higher risk of poor mental health
A new study from Lund University in Sweden shows that even children with limited physical disabilities are at risk of developing mental issues later in life.

Earwigs and the art of origami
ETH Zurich researchers have developed multifunctional origami structures, which they then fabricated into 4-D printed objects.

MSU-based scientists dedicated the birth of a new black hole to Stephen Hawking
One of the MASTER Global Robotic Net telescopes (MSU) located on Tenerife (Spain, Canary Islands) helped the scientists observe the gamma-ray burst caused by the collapse of a star and the formation of a black hole in its place.

UNH researchers find landscape ridges may hold clues about ice age and climate change
Researchers at the University of New Hampshire say the landscape may also hold answers to how glaciers helped form the current terrain and provide insight into the progression of climate change.

Study finds direct evidence of exposure of pregnant women to herbicide ingredient
The first birth cohort study of its kind has found more than 90 percent of a group of pregnant women in Central Indiana had detectable levels of glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup, the most heavily used herbicide worldwide.

Antimicrobial used in toiletries could become option against malaria
Not only it inhibits enzymes essential to Plasmodium's survival in two key stages of its lifecycle in humans, but triclosan also performed well in tests against resistant parasites, an international study reveals.

High-energy ions' movement affected by silicon crystal periodicity
The thinner the silicon crystal, the easier it is to manipulate the trajectories of very high-energy ions in particle accelerators.

The bassoon causing new brain disorder
Newly discovered gene mutations may help explain the cause of a disease that drastically impairs walking and thinking.

Scientists identify potential drug target in blood-feeding hookworms
In hookworms that infect and feed on the blood of mice, scientists have discovered a key step in blood digestion that can be targeted to disrupt the parasite's development and survival.

Study supports biomarker assay for emergency department diagnosis of acute heart failure
A multi-institutional study supports the value of a biomarker to accurately diagnose or rule out acute heart failure in patients seen for shortness of breath at hospital emergency departments.

Plants really do feed their friends
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have discovered that as plants develop they craft their root microbiome, favoring microbes that consume very specific metabolites.

Hidden variation
Different tissues have shockingly variable sensitivities to genes that drive normal and malignant cell proliferation, study shows.

Laser-based system offers continuous monitoring of leaks from oil and gas operations
Researchers have conducted the first field tests for a new laser-based system that could one day be used to continuously monitor for costly and dangerous methane leaks at oil and gas production sites.

Long thought to only cause a rare disease, this mutation may ward off malaria
The discovery sheds light on how humans who live in close quarters with malaria-carrying mosquitos may evolve defenses against the disease.

Antioxidants and amino acids could play role in the treatment of psychosis
A scientific paper has revealed that some nutrients found in food may help reduce the symptoms of psychotic illness, when used in the early stages of treatment.

Home genetic tests should be interpreted by experts
Results from at-home genetic tests are not always accurate. A new study in the journal Genetics in Medicine, published by Springer Nature, now shows that up to 40 percent of direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic tests provide incorrect readings in the raw data.

Waterbirds affected by low water, high salt levels in lakes
A recent study from researchers at the University of Montana, National Audubon Society, Oregon State University and East Cascades Audubon Society shows food sources for migratory birds decline with low water levels and high salt content in lakes.

Study suggests method to boost growth of blood vessels and muscle
MIT researchers have reversed age-related endurance loss in mice by treating them with a compound that promotes new blood vessel growth.

Once-mysterious 'Atacama Skeleton' illuminates genetics of bone disease
The skeleton, discovered in a leather pouch behind an abandoned church, was pristine: a tiny figure, just six inches long, with a cone-shaped head, 10 pairs of ribs, and bones that looked like those of an eight-year-old child.

Electric textile lights a lamp when stretched
Working up a sweat from carrying a heavy load? That is when the textile works at its best.

Metastatic lymph nodes can be the source of distant metastases in mouse models of cancer
A study by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators finds that, in mouse models, cancer cells from metastatic lymph nodes can escape into the circulation by invading nodal blood vessels, leading to the development of metastases in other parts of the body.

Does genome sequencing increase downstream costs?
The MedSeq Project, led by investigators at Brigham Women's Hospital, is the first randomized trial to provide whole genome sequencing to both presumably healthy patients as well as those with a known cardiology issue.

Scientists develop tiny tooth-mounted sensors that can track what you eat
A team of engineers have developed miniaturized sensors that, when mounted directly on a tooth and communicating wirelessly with a mobile device, can transmit information on glucose, salt and alcohol intake.

An integrated workflow for interaction proteomics -- as versatile as the Swiss Army Knife
Researchers of the University of Helsinki, Finland, developed an integrated workflow for interaction proteomics, which -- as they describe it -- proves almost as versatile as the Swiss Army Knife.

Mobile 'dual-comb' device significantly improves methane leak detection
Accurately detecting, locating and quantifying leaks of methane is critically important for both environmental and economic reasons.

Which piece resembles your color perception for #theDress image?
A novel algorithm to simulate the color appearance of objects under chromatic illuminants has been proposed by Ichiro Kuriki of Tohoku University.

Trouble hearing? It could increase your risk of an injury
A new report finds people with 'a lot of trouble hearing' are twice as likely to suffer from accidental injuries.

Microorganisms can escape from a dead end by swimming
Researchers have shown that microorganisms can ingeniously escape from a dead end by swimming.The results pave the way to understanding the spread of infectious diseases. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to