Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 23, 2018
Care providers' understanding of obesity treatment is limited
Despite the high prevalence of obesity among US adults, provision of recommended treatments for obesity remains low.

New accreditation program sets framework for rectal cancer care in the US
The National Accreditation Program for Rectal Cancer establishes guidelines for a multidisciplinary team approach to help meet its proposed quality measures.

Bariatric surgery for severely obese teens may help prevent premature heart disease
For teens with severe obesity, the predicted 30-year risk of having a heart disease event, such as a heart attack or stroke, could be cut in half one year after bariatric surgery, according to a modeling study.

Mayors' political leanings strongly influence thoughts on city health policy effectiveness
A new Drexel University study found that cities' lead decision-makers view how effective municipal policies are at reducing health disparities differently based on their social ideologies.

Growing and surviving: How proteins regulate the cell cycle
Cell division is the basis of all life. Even the smallest errors in this complex process can lead to grave diseases like cancer.

Monitor climate change, not predators, to protect lake diversity: Study
Climate change and other environmental factors are more threatening to fish diversity than predators, according to new research from the University of Guelph.

Exposed: The path of ransomware payments
The murky ecosystem of ransomware payments comes into focus in a forthcoming paper by university and industry researchers.

Brain development disorders in children linked to common environmental toxin exposures
Exposures of pregnant women and children to common thyroid-hormone-disrupting toxins may be linked to the increased incidence of brain development disorders, according to a review published in Endocrine Connections.

Luxembourg researchers refute 20-year-old assumptions in solar cell production
Research led by the University of Luxembourg investigated the manufacturing process of solar cells.

Arctic wintertime sea ice extent is among lowest on record
Sea ice in the Arctic grew to its annual maximum extent last week, and joined 2015, 2016 and 2017 as the four lowest maximum extents on record, according to scientists at the NASA-supported National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) and NASA.

IPBES: Biodiversity and nature's contributions continue dangerous decline, scientists warn
After three years of work by more than 550 leading experts from over 100 countries, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) today published assessments of biodiversity and ecosystem services worldwide (except the poles and open oceans), divided into four major regions.

Searching for long-term success in weight management? Forget dieting and eat regularly
Early adulthood is particularly critical for putting on weight. According to a recent study conducted at the University of Helsinki, common factors among young women and men who succeeded in managing their weight in the long term included eating regularly rather than dieting.

NASA tracks a weaker comma-shaped Tropical Cyclone Marcus
Tropical Cyclone Marcus continues to parallel Western Australia and remain far from the coast, while weakening.

Is knee pain linked to depression?
According to researchers, knee osteoarthritis affects some 55 percent of people over age 40 in Japan.

Flexible ultrasound patch could make it easier to inspect damage in odd-shaped structures
Researchers have developed a stretchable, flexible patch that could make it easier to perform ultrasound imaging on odd-shaped structures, such as engine parts, turbines, reactor pipe elbows and railroad tracks -- objects that are difficult to examine using conventional ultrasound equipment.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Nora become a hurricane
NASA satellite imagery showed that Tropical Cyclone Nora developed an eye as it strengthened into a hurricane north of Australia.

Team discovers a significant role for nitrate in the Arctic landscape
Because of the very low nitrate levels found in arctic tundra soil, scientists had assumed that plants in this biome do not use nitrate.

Researchers unveil high-sensitivity 3-D technique using single-atom measurements
Researchers at Griffith University working with Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have unveiled a stunningly accurate technique for scientific measurements which uses a single atom as the sensor, with sensitivity down to 100 zeptoNewtons.

Sharpening the X-ray view of the nanocosm
A novel lens offers scientists the sharpest X-ray images yet from the nano world.

Analyzing past failures may boost future performance by reducing stress
A new study suggests for the first time that reflection of past failures might prepare an individual for the next challenge by changing the body's response to stress.

Helping prevent falls in older adults with dementia
Researchers have recently focused on the role that dementia and other cognitive problems may play in falling, in hopes of discovering ways to manage and prevent falls.

Opioid abuse/dependence in those hospitalized due to periapical abscess
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Veerasathpurush Allareddy, University of Iowa, College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics, Iowa City, presented a poster titled 'Opioid Abuse/Dependence in Those Hospitalized Due to Periapical Abscess.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

How a genetic mutation can interfere with the powerhouses of cells
A Freiburg molecular medicine specialist's team discovers a new disease mechanism in the mitochondria.

Increases in obesity, severe obesity continue among adults in US
Obesity and severe obesity continued to grow among adults in the United States between 2007-2008 and 2015-2016 but there were no significant overall changes among youth.

Bystander T cells can steal the show in resolving inflammation
a team led by La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LJI) diabetes researcher Matthias von Herrath, M.D., reveals that bystander cell accumulation antagonizes rather than abets cell-killing by specific CTLs, curbing inflammation.

New innovations in cell-free biotechnology
Professor Michael Jewett's new platform to conduct cell-free protein synthesis could lead to improved quality of manufactured protein therapeutics and biomaterials.

The brain learns completely differently than we've assumed since the 20th century
Based on experimental evidence physicists publish revolutionary new theory on brain learning that contradicts the most common assumption in neuroscience, will transform our understanding of brain function, and open new horizons for advanced deep learning algorithms.

Mysterious head of a pharaoh discovered by Swansea Egyptologist
Swansea University Egyptology lecturer Dr Ken Griffin has found a depiction of one of the most famous pharaoh's in history Hatshepsut (one of only a handful of female pharaohs) on an object in the Egypt Centre stores, which had been chosen for an object handling session.

A scientific study characterizes two new Galician olive varieties for the first time
The research, done in collaboration with the University of Cordoba, recognizes the potential and high quality of these olive oils.

Increasing temperatures in cooling systems
For the very first time, scientists from Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), the University of Leicester and the University of Vigo have proven that the kinetic energy from particles in granular gases such as dust clouds can rise temporarily even though energy is constantly being drawn out of the system.

Staphylococcus aureus: A new mechanism involved in virulence and antibiotic resistance
An Institut Pasteur-CNRS research team has characterized a Staphylococcus aureus gene involved in virulence, biofilm formation and resistance to certain antibiotics.

Diagnosing breast cancer using red light
At the OSA Biophotonics Congress: Biomedical Optics meeting, held 3-6 April in Hollywood, Florida, USA, researchers from Milan, Italy, will report an advance in instrument development that increases the sensitivity of OM by as much as 1000-fold.

Research discovers how some cancers resist treatment
An international team of researchers led by Lucio Miele, M.D., Ph.D., Professor and Chair of Genetics at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, and Justin Stebbing, BM BCh MA, Ph.D, Professor of Cancer Medicine and Medical Oncology at Imperial College of Medicine in London, has found new genetic mutations that promote the survival of cancer cells.

Effect of deployment on use of e-cigarettes in US military
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Prescott McWilliams, United States Air Force, San Antonio, Texas and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU), Postgraduate Dental College (PDC), presented a poster titled 'Effect of Deployment on Use of E-Cigarettes in U.S.

Paleontologists put the bite on an ancient reptile from New England
Scientists have identified a new species of reptile from prehistoric Connecticut and, boy, does it have a mouth on it.

E-cigarette aerosol exposure causes craniofacial abnormalities in mice
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Suraj Kandalam, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, presented a poster titled 'E-cigarette Aerosol Exposure Causes Craniofacial Abnormalities in Mice.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Investigating the enigmatic link between periodontal inflammation and retinal degeneration
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Hyun Hong, The Dental College of Georgia at Augusta University, presented a poster titled 'Investigating the Enigmatic Link Between Periodontal Inflammation and Retinal Degeneration.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Scientists develop elastic metal rods to treat scoliosis
NUST MISIS scientists jointly with their colleagues from the Ecole de Technologie Superiore (Montreal, Canada) have experienced a new combination of alloy processing that produces solid and durable implants that are fully compatible with the human body.

More people miss NHS appointments when the clocks go forward
The number of missed hospital outpatient appointments increases following the clock change on March 25 2018.

Decades of research identify source of galaxy-sized stream of gas
A cloud of gas 300,000 light-years long is arching around the Milky Way, shunted away from two dwarf galaxies orbiting our own.

For patients with drug-resistant infections, infectious diseases experts may be lifesaving
Researchers analyzed records for approximately 4,200 patients with infections resistant to multiple antibiotics from 2006 to 2015 at one academic medical center.

Germany was covered by glaciers 450,000 years ago
Researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have obtained new chronological data for the timing of the Elsterian and Saalian glacial cycles in central Germany.

Effect of an opioid prescribing protocol on provider prescribing behavior
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Chad Lowell Wagner, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, presented a poster titled 'Effect of an Opioid Prescribing Protocol on Provider Prescribing Behavior.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Brain's tiniest blood vessels trigger spinal motor neurons to develop
A new study has revealed that the human brain's tiniest blood vessels can activate genes known to trigger spinal motor neurons, prompting the neurons to grow during early development.

Opioid prescribing patterns of oral and maxillofacial surgeons: A nationwide survey
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Brandon Michael Syme, University of Iowa College of Dentistry, Iowa City, presented a poster titled 'Opioid Prescribing Patterns of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons: A Nationwide Survey.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Montana State University researchers publish study
'Fruit and vegetable desirability is lower in more rural built food environments of Montana, USA using the Produce Desirability(ProDes) Tool' was published in the journal Food Security.

Different neural strategies for junior high school male and female English learners
Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University studied the neural response of Japanese junior high school students learning English as a second language, while listening to English sentences.

Metastatic cancer cells modify bone remodeling with small RNA secretion in bone metastasis
Prostate cancer frequently metastasizes and spreads to bone, causing severe pain, fractures, and other complications.

First proof a synthesized antibiotic is capable of treating superbugs
A 'game changing' new antibiotic which is capable of killing superbugs has been successfully synthesized and used to treat an infection for the first time -- and could lead to the first new class of antibiotic drug in 30 years.

Older adults who have slower walking speeds may have increased risk for dementia
Because there's currently no cure for dementia, it's important to know about risk factors that may lead to developing it.

Gene boosts rice growth and yield in salty soil
Soil salinity poses a major threat to food security, greatly reducing the yield of agricultural crops.

Higher-dose RT lowers risk of recurrence but does not improve survival for men with prostate cancer
Results of a recent NRG Oncology study, NRG Oncology/RTOG 0126, show that high-dose radiotherapy did not improve survival for men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer but did improve biochemical control and rates of distant metastases, when compared to standard radiotherapy.

Dental oral craniofacial tissue regeneration consortia: A new paradigm
The 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), featured a symposium titled 'Dental Oral Craniofacial Tissue Regeneration Consortia: A New Paradigm.' The AADR/CADR Annual Meeting is in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., USA from March 21-24, 2018.

Laser-based sensing system can detect methane leaks from miles away
A new field instrument developed by a collaborative team of CU Boulder researchers can detect and quantify methane leaks as tiny as one-quarter of a human exhalation from nearly a mile away.

Helping older adults discontinue using sedatives
n a new study, published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers looked at a way to help older adults taper off and stop using sedatives.

Breakthrough antimalarial drug delivery system using mesoporous silica nanoparticles
Drug delivery systems (DDSs) are important methods of delivering medicine to affected areas.

Non-psychoactive cannabis ingredient could help addicts stay clean
A preclinical study in rats has shown that there might be value in using a non-psychoactive and non-addictive ingredient of the Cannabis sativa plant to reduce the risk of relapse among recovering drug and alcohol addicts.

Access and utilization of dental services for Medicaid children 2013-2015
At the 47th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Dental Research (AADR), held in conjunction with the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research (CADR), Natalia I.
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.