Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 06, 2018
Hunting for dark matter in the smallest galaxies in the Universe
Astrophysicists from the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh have created a new method to measure the amount of dark matter at the center of tiny 'dwarf' galaxies.

New study highlights benefits of weekly nutrition classes to improve type 2 diabetes
Prescriptions are not enough -- diet changes and nutrition education make the difference in people with diabetes, according to a study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Food allergy is linked to skin exposure and genetics
Infant and childhood food allergy has now been linked to a mix of environmental and genetic factors that must coexist to trigger the allergy, reports a new study.

The blue whale genome reveals the animals' extraordinary evolutionary history
For the first time, scientists of the German Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Center, Goethe University and the University of Lund in Sweden have deciphered the complete genome of the blue whale and three other rorquals.

Who are the best gift-givers? Not who you'd think, says Baylor marketing research
New research shows that people who are

Innovation nation
China's President Xi Jinping has repeatedly stated his aim of transforming the country into a 'science and technology superpower.' But when it comes to China's science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) research environment, newly published research suggests that they may have a long way to go.

PET tracer could help predict treatment effectiveness for depression
A positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agent could show, ahead of time, whether a specific treatment is likely to be effective for major depressive disorder (MDD) -- a debilitating condition that affects more than 14 million Americans.

Genetics of the modern heirs of the Inkas shed new lights about their origins and lineages
A study of the Inka origins and their lineages was performed in twelve contemporary families with presumed patrilineal lineage to Inka monarchs.

New recommendations for endoscopic eradication therapy in Barrett's esophagus
A new guideline by the ASGE Standards of Practice Committee offers evidence-based recommendations and clinical guidelines addressing key issues related to Endoscopic Eradication Therapy (EET) in the management of Barrett's esophagus (BE)-related lesions.

Printed thermo-plasmonic heat patterns for neurological disorder treatment
A KAIST team presented a highly customized neural stimulation method.

Sowing strips of flowering plants has limited effect on pollination
Many pollinating insects benefit from a small-scale agricultural landscape with pastures, meadows and other unploughed environments.

NASA's GPM shows rainfall southeast of sheared Tropical Cyclone Iris
Wind shear has been affecting Tropical Cyclone Iris as it lingers off the coast of eastern Queensland.

Species hitch a ride on birds and the wind to join green roof communities
New research suggests that species that live on green roofs arrived by hitching lifts on birds or by riding air currents.

How pathogenic bacteria prepare a sticky adhesion protein
Researchers at Harvard Medical School, the University of California, San Francisco, and the University of Georgia have described how the protein that allows strep and staph bacteria to stick to human cells is prepared and packaged.

School lunch decisions made by the child and not the parent
While school lunches in the UK are subject to food standards, the contents of packed lunches are not as closely scrutinized, and studies have raised concern regarding the nutritional quality of packed lunches.

Research offers clues for improved influenza vaccine design
Influenza vaccines that better target the influenza surface protein called neuraminidase (NA) could offer broad protection against various influenza virus strains and lessen the severity of illness, according to new research published in Cell.

A different spin on superconductivity
A team of researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) Department of Physics together with collaborators has seen exotic superconductivity that relies on highly unusual electron interactions.

New blood test found to predict onset of TB up to two years in advance
A new blood test has been found to more accurately predict the development of tuberculosis up to two years before its onset in people living with someone with active TB, according to research published online in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, an American Thoracic Society journal.

How will environmental changes affect western Greenland?
Thirty-one miles north of the Arctic Circle lies Kangerlussuaq, Greenland.

Optimism remains in chickens in enriched environments despite exposure to stress
Chickens that grow up in an environment that they perceive as more diverse and manageable, retain an optimistic view of life and cope with stress better than individuals that grow up in more sterile surroundings, according to a new study published in Scientific Reports.

A new class of antibiotics to combat drug resistance
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago and Nosopharm report on the discovery of a new class of antibiotics that may be effective at treating drug-resistant infections.

Cell biology: Dynamics of microtubules
Filamentous polymers called microtubules play vital roles in chromosome segregation and molecular transport.

How birds can detect the Earth's magnetic field
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have made a key discovery about the internal magnetic compass of birds.

HIV Cell dysfunction discovery sheds light on how virus works
A new study has revealed that certain immune cells behave differently in HIV-infected patients than they do in healthy individuals, a discovery that moves us one step closer to understanding how the virus works.

Massive single-cell survey of kidney cell types reveals new paths to disease
New research from a team in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania shines a light on specific cell types that drive normal or diseased kidney function at the molecular level.

Index of tumor cells opens a new perspective to prevent cancer progression
Researchers from the School of Medicine in Ribeirão Preto (FMRP), at the University of São Paulo (USP), have developed indices that provide information about the prognosis of cancers, aid in the choice of the most appropriate therapy to be used and identify potential targets for the development of new drugs.

Creating a 2-D platinum magnet
University of Groningen physicists have induced magnetism in platinum with an electric field created by a paramagnetic ionic liquid.

New blood test useful to detect people at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease is thought to begin long before patients show typical symptoms like memory loss.

Researchers develop transparent patch to detect dangerous food threats
Is that meat still good? Are you sure? McMaster researchers have developed a test to bring certainty to the delicate but critical question of whether meat and other foods are safe to eat or need to be thrown out.

Nova-like explosion of spinning live bacteria explained
Suspensions of live bacteria in a viscous liquid do not act as expected when spun at certain speeds and now a team of researchers know why the bacterial aggregation appears to explode when the spinning stops.

1C rise in atmospheric temperature causes rapid changes to world's largest High Arctic lake
An interdisciplinary team of scientists examining everything from glaciology to freshwater ecology discovered drastic changes over the past decade to the world's largest High Arctic lake.

New cellular insights in bone development
Most of us don't think about our teeth and bones until one aches or breaks.

Smartphone 'scores' can help doctors track severity of Parkinson's disease symptoms
A new smartphone app allows Parkinson's disease patients and their doctors to better track the progression of symptoms, such as tremors and walking difficulties, that can vary dramatically over days, or even hours.

Ohio Supercomputer Center's spring SUG conference showcases variety of research, OSC resources
The demand for high performance computing in Ohio is relentless, and it does not discriminate by field.

Telemedicine provides accurate diagnosis of rare cause of blindness in preemies
Accurately detecting a rare, but devastating cause of blindness in premature babies can be done as effectively with telemedicine as with traditional, in-person eye exams, a study published in JAMA Ophthalmology suggests.The finding could enable more blindness-preventing treatment for infants born in rural and other areas where there are few ophthalmologists trained to detect the condition, called retinopathy of prematurity, or ROP.

Out-of-pocket expenses for chronic heart disease care inflict heavy financial burdens for low-income families; even those with insurance
One in 4 low-income families experience significant financial burden from out-of-pocket expenses for treatment of chronic heart disease.

Mechanism vital to keeping blood stem cells functional uncovered
Hematopoietic stem cells, that form mature blood cells, require a very precise amount of protein to function -- and defective regulation of protein production is common in certain types of aggressive human blood cancers.

Thermoelectric nanodevice based on Majorana fermions is proposed
A particle that is its own anti-particle is the subject of a theoretical study by Brazilian researchers with results published in Scientific Reports.

Unexpected finding may deter disabling diabetic eye disease
A new Michigan State University study is the first to find that a particular type of lipid, or fat, thought to only exist in the skin, now lives in your eye and might play a major role in deterring diabetic retinopathy.

Mirror, mirror
The mirror-like physics of the superconductor-insulator transition operates exactly as expected.

New technique more accurately reflects ponds on Arctic sea ice
This one simple mathematical trick can accurately predict the shape and melting effects of ponds on Arctic sea ice, according to new research by UChicago scientists.

Using the past to predict the future: climate change impacts on the sagebrush sea
Scientists from Utah State University developed a new way to use long-term population data to model how species could respond to climate change in the future.

Research suggests water appeared while Earth was still growing
A team including UChicago cosmochemist Nicolas Dauphas performed the largest study to date of oxygen isotopes in lunar rocks, and found a small but measurable difference in the makeup of the moon and Earth.

Fluorescent dye could enable sharper biological imaging
A team of researchers at MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital has now taken a major step toward making short-wave infrared (SWIR) imaging widely available.
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