Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 10, 2018
Does physical activity influence the health of future offspring?
Physical and mental exercise is not only beneficial for your own brain, but can also affect the learning ability of future offspring -- at least in mice.

Large-scale study links PCOS to mental health disorders
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common hormone condition among young women, are prone to mental health disorders, and their children face an increased risk of developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Research suggests alternative treatment for beta blocker intolerant heart attack patients
Beta blockers have become a prescription drug staple for recovering heart attack patients.

Review examines everything we know about Internet gaming disorder
An analysis of all published articles on Internet gaming disorder (IGD) notes that the condition has a complex psychosocial background, and many personal, neurobiological, familial, and environmental factors may put certain individuals at increased risk.

Warning signs: New US health study reveals 'dangerous disparities' among states
Working-age Americans in 21 states faced a higher probability of premature death from 1990 to 2016, according to the most extensive state-by-state US health study ever conducted.

Lack of vegetable choices in infant and toddler food is widespread
The inability to foster children's taste for dark green vegetables is related to a lack of commercially prepared single-vegetable products, according to a new study led by researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine on the Anschutz Medical Campus.

Hepatitis C: A novel point-of-care assay
One of the major challenges identified by the WHO in efforts to eradicate the hepatitis C virus is the diagnosis of chronic cases that are generally asymptomatic.

Study highlights the health and economic benefits of a US salt reduction strategy
New research, published in PLOS Medicine, conducted by researchers at the University of Liverpool, Imperial College London, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts and collaborators as part of the Food-PRICE project, highlights the potential health and economic impact of the United States (US) Food and Drug Administration's proposed voluntary salt policy.

Diamond-based circuits can take the heat for advanced applications
When power generators transfer electricity, they lose almost 10 percent of the generated power.

Gene that makes humans eat more sugar can also lower body fat
You are what you eat, the old saying goes. But what if, in fact, you eat certain things because of who you are?

A cosmic gorilla effect could blind the detection of aliens
A well-known experiment with young people bouncing a ball showed that when an observer focuses on counting the passes, he does not detect if someone crosses the stage disguised as a gorilla.

UEA research paints underwater pictures with sound
Silent marine robots that record sounds underwater are allowing researchers to listen to the oceans as never before.

From vascular medicine: Focus on vascular imaging and diagnostics
Vascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and death worldwide.

Tiny distortions in universe's oldest light reveal strands in cosmic web
Scientists have decoded faint distortions in the patterns of the universe's earliest light to map huge tubelike structures invisible to our eyes -- known as filaments -- that serve as superhighways for delivering matter to dense hubs such as galaxy clusters.

Study finds humans and others exposed to prenatal stress have high stress levels after birth
Vertebrate species, including humans, exposed to stress prenatally tend to have higher stress hormones after birth, according to a new Dartmouth-led study published in Scientific Reports.

Two Colorado studies find resistance mechanisms in ALK+ and ROS1+ cancers
In one of 12 ROS1+ samples and 15 of 43 ALK+ samples, new kinases had been altered to allow treatment resistance.

Making computer animation more agile, acrobatic -- and realistic
Animation in film and video games is hard to make realistic: each action typically requires creating a separate controller, while deep reinforcement learning has yet to generate realistic human or animal motion.

Scientists learn how to avoid a roadblock when reprogramming cells
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes, in Nobel Laureate Shinya Yamanaka's laboratory, helped answer lingering questions about cellular reprogramming.

How intestinal bacteria can affect your blood sugar and lipid levels
Intestinal bacteria have attracted recent attention since they were discovered to influence various physiological functions and diseases in humans.

Perovskite technology is scalable, but questions remain about the best methods
As perovskite solar cells set efficiency records and the nascent technology becomes more stable, another major challenge remains: the issue of scalability, according to researchers at the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

Robust and inexpensive catalysts for hydrogen production
Teams of scientists from the Ruhr University Bochum (RUB) and the University of Warwick were able to observe the smallest details of hydrogen production with the synthetic mineral pentlandite.

Contrast-enhanced subharmonic imaging detects prostate cancers not identified by MRI
A test of contrast-enhanced subharmonic imaging (SHI) has shown promise in detecting prostate cancers that were not identified by MRI, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, D.C.

Study identifies new molecular target for treating deadly lung disease IPF
Scientists searching for a therapy to stop the deadly and mostly untreatable lung disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), found a new molecular target that slows or stops the illness in preclinical laboratory tests.

Mount Sinai-led task force identifies ways US health care systems can learn from the world
The Task Force report explores how the US can apply global lessons to improve community health.

Scientists discover a link between superconductivity and the periodic table
Scientists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Skoltech have discovered a general principle for calculating the superconductivity of hydrides based on the periodic table alone.

When enemies come to help
The enemy of my enemy is my friend. Now researchers at the University of Zurich show that this principle also holds for crab spiders and flowering plants.

Genetic screening tool identifies how the flu infiltrates cells
Researchers at the University of Chicago have developed a genetic screening tool that identified two key factors that allow the influenza virus to infect human lung cells.

Alzheimer's disease redefined: New research framework defines Alzheimer's by brain changes, not symptoms
New research framework, published in Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.

New class of drugs could help tackle treatment-resistant cancers
Researchers have discovered a new class of drug that has the potential to help cancer patients who no longer respond to existing therapies.

Mini toolkit for measurements: New NIST chip hints at quantum sensors of the future
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have created a chip on which laser light interacts with a tiny cloud of atoms to serve as a miniature toolkit for measuring important quantities such as length with quantum precision.

New method lets doctors quickly assess severity of brain injuries
A new way to rapidly assess levels of consciousness in people with head injuries could improve patient care.

UTSA researchers explore little-known, deadly fungal infections
A new study by Althea Campuzano, Ph.D., a student at the University of Texas at San Antonio, and Floyd Wormley, Jr., Professor of Biology and Senior Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies, sheds light on little-known fungal infections caused by the fungus Cryptococcus.

New study shows invasive Chinese privet can be well controlled with lower concentrations of herbicide
Chinese privet is one of the most invasive shrubs in the southeastern United States -- frequently growing in dense thickets along roadsides, on rights of way and in forests.

Scientists records brain activity of free-flying bats
Johns Hopkins University researchers have developed a way to study the brain of a bat as it flies, recording for the first time what happens as a roving animal focuses and refocuses its attention.

Study: Women most at risk for heart failure weeks after giving birth
Heart failure is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and death in the US -- with the rate of pregnancy-related deaths more than doubling between 1987 and 2011.

Cheaper, less toxic and recyclable light absorbers for hydrogen production
Achieving artificial photosynthesis in solution remains limited by the use of costly and toxic metal-based compounds to harvest light.

Berkeley engineers build smallest volume, most efficient wireless nerve stimulator
Berkeley engineers have taken their neural dust invention a step forward by building the smallest volume, most efficient wireless nerve stimulator to date.

Vampire bats' bloody teamwork
Vampire bats are the only mammals that feed exclusively on blood.

New study reveals that the center of the world's marine biodiversity is in danger
Research led by Swansea University's Bioscience department have found that the world's center of biodiversity is under widespread threat of losing a key marine resource.

Nanoparticles for lung cancer pass next test
Non-small cell lung cancer Nanoparticles pass the next stage of development in preclinical tests.

US FDA sodium reformulation targets projected to save lives and costs
Commercial adherence to the United States (US) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 2016 sodium reformulation targets for processed foods will cost-effectively reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a modeling study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Machine learning offers new way of designing chiral crystals
Engineers and chemists at Hiroshima University successfully used the same technology at the core of facial recognition to design chiral crystals.

Experience of black doctoral students underscores need for diversity in STEM
The danger and risk of riding out a storm is symbolic of the decision black men make to pursue a graduate degree in engineering.

Concussion increases the risk of prolonged headache woes
Every day people are whisked into hospital emergency rooms with concussions.

Early 'chemobrain' intervention needed for breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy
More support is needed to help breast cancer patients and survivors manage 'chemobrain' symptoms, such as memory loss, short attention span and mental confusion, according to a study led by researchers from the National University of Singapore.

NASA's GPM sees Keni following Tropical Cyclone Josie's track
Another tropical cyclone called Keni has formed in the South Pacific Ocean between Vanuatu and Fiji and the data from the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM found heavy rainfall occurring in the new storm.

Disparities in coastal stream restoration in central California
Stream restoration efforts along the coast of Central California are unevenly distributed, with activity more likely to occur in areas that are more highly populated and dominated by residents who are 'whiter, wealthier, and more educated,' according to an analysis by researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

A tool based on the use ofcarbon nanoparticles enables detection of antidepressants in urine samples
The test can be used to monitor therapeutic dosages, for cases of intoxication due to overdose or at a forensic level.

New drug combo improves survival of women with rare uterine cancer
Adding the monoclonal antibody drug trastuzumab -- already used to treat certain breast cancers -- to the chemotherapy regimen of women with a rare form of uterine cancer lengthens the amount of time their tumors are kept from growing, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers conducting a small phase II trial of the regimen, testing its safety and value

Large-scale replication study challenges key evidence for the pro-active reading brain
When people read or listen to a conversation, their pro-active brains sometimes predict which word comes next.

Optimized perception in the twilight zone
As neuroscientists at Goethe University Frankfurt have now discovered, the human brain processes weak visual stimuli better in the morning and evening than at noon.

Study says charisma trumped narcissism for voters in 2016 US presidential election
A new study of the 2016 US presidential election suggests that narcissism and charisma are both important predictors of voter choice.

Newly discovered biomarkers could be key to predicting severity of brain tumor recurrence
Researchers have identified predictive biomarkers that could help assess the level of risk for recurrence in patients with malignant glioma.

Malnutrition, anemia among Rohingya children in Bangladesh refugee camp
The pervasiveness of malnutrition and anemia among Rohingya children in a refugee camp in Bangladesh exceeds emergency thresholds.

NASA watching stubborn remnants of ex-Tropical Cyclone Iris
Former Tropical Cyclone Iris continues to linger in the Southwestern Pacific Ocean off the coast of Queensland, Australia.

Tiny injectable sensor could provide unobtrusive, long-term alcohol monitoring
Engineers have developed a tiny, ultra-low power chip that could be injected just under the surface of the skin for continuous, long-term alcohol monitoring.

Study confirms link between traumatic brain injury and dementia
The risk of dementia, including Alzheimer's, was significantly higher in people who had experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI) than with people who had no history of TBI, according to one of the largest studies to date on that association.

Why you can't buy fresh olives (video)
Olives grow on trees. So why have you never seen a fresh, tree-ripened olive in the produce section at the grocery store?

Impact of Medicare annual wellness visit on detection of cognitive impairment is minimal
In the first nationwide study to measure the effect of the Medicare Annual Wellness Visit on early identification of cognitive impairment such as Alzheimer's disease, researchers from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research, Regenstrief Institute and IU Center for Health Innovation and Implementation Science found the visit has only minimal impact on detection of cognitive impairment as well as on subsequent cognitive testing and care.

Melting of Arctic mountain glaciers unprecedented in the past 400 years
Glaciers in Alaska's Denali National Park are melting faster than at any time in the past four centuries because of rising summer temperatures, a new study finds.

Cancer risk rises as patients wait for diagnostic testing
The longer a patient with a positive screening result waits for diagnostic testing, the worse their cancer outcomes may become, according to a literature review of breast, cervical, colorectal, and lung studies in the journal CA led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Hotter, longer, more frequent -- marine heatwaves on the rise
We know heatwaves over land have been increasing, but now new research reveals globally marine heatwaves have also been increasing in length, number and intensity over the past century.

Digital penicillin production
Microorganisms are often used to produce chemicals. These processes are usually very complicated.

Later school start times really do improve sleep time
A new study in SLEEP, published by Oxford University Press, indicates that delaying school start times results in students getting more sleep, and feeling better, even within societies where trading sleep for academic success is common.

Gene jumpstarts regeneration of damaged nerve cells
Searching the entire genome, a Yale research team has identified a gene that when eliminated can spur regeneration of axons in nerve cells severed by spinal cord injury.

Bugs, microbes and death can inform the living
A Michigan State University study, published in the current issue of Nature Scientific Reports, shows that the postmortem microbiome -- populations of micro-organisms that move in after death -- can provide crucial insights into public health.

Patients with high-risk clinical features are at high risk for acute aortic dissection
Patients with one or more high-risk clinical features (tearing pain, hypotension, pulse deficit, neurologic deficit, new murmur) should be considered high risk for acute aortic dissection (AAD).

Researchers inaugurate a new era of precision antimatter studies
The ALPHA experiment at CERN, led by Swansea University scientists, has carried out the most precise and accurate measurement ever done on antimatter.

Paralyzed patient feels sensation again
Using a tiny array of electrodes implanted in the brain's somatosensory cortex, Caltech scientists have induced sensations of touch and movement in the hand and arm of a paralyzed man.

DNA testing can rapidly solve Legionnaires' disease outbreaks
A DNA test method called polymerase chain reaction allowed New York City health officials to identify the source of a Legionnaires' disease outbreak within hours of specimen collection and should be considered in all Legionnaires' outbreak investigations, researchers say in the April issue of the Journal of Environmental Health.

Weight loss is an important predictor of cancer
Unintended weight loss is the second highest risk factor for some forms of cancer, concludes the first robust research analysis to examine the association.

Professor Amitay receives Air Force grant to study flow separation on wing surfaces
Michael 'Miki' Amitay, the James L. Decker '45 Endowed Chair in Aerospace Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has received a grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research to study the phenomenon of flow separation on aircraft wings, which could lead to improved aerodynamic performance in future-generation air vehicles.

Outback radio telescope listens in on interstellar visitor
A telescope in outback Australia has been used to listen to a mysterious cigar-shaped object that entered our Solar System late last year.

New sodium-ion electrolyte may find use in solid-state batteries
A newly discovered structure of a sodium-based material allows the materials to be used as an electrolyte in solid-state batteries, according to researchers from Penn State and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL).

Blood test may predict future risk of cardiovascular events
Despite heart disease and type 2 diabetes being among the leading causes of death in the US, the mechanisms leading to and linking these two diseases remain incompletely understood.

Even short travel can spread colistin-resistant bacteria
The use of the antibiotic colistin, a last-resort treatment option in the infection by multidrug-resistant bacteria, is increasingly impeded by colistin-resistant bacteria.

Sex and race disparities in cardiovascular health could be reduced
Substantial sex and racial gaps exist for cardiac rehabilitation referral at hospital discharge, especially among females, African-Americans, Hispanic and Asian patients leading to less favorable outcomes and/or survival rates.

How cheetahs outsmart lions and hyenas
Cheetahs in the Serengeti National Park adopt different strategies while eating to deal with threats from top predators such as lions or hyenas.

Polarization has strong impact on electrons, study shows
New research helps understand movement of electrons in two-dimensional systems.

Biomarker panel can guide treatment of brain cancer
Brazilian researchers have identified seven biomarkers that could be used at the time of the primary diagnosis to show which glioma patients will tend to progress to a more aggressive form of the disease

New Glasgow Coma Scale-pupils score and multifactor probability outcome charts
The University of Glasgow's Sir Graham Teasdale, co-creator of the Glasgow Coma Scale, has teamed with Paul M.

Scientists uncover details of viral infections that drive environmental, human health
New research from The Ohio State University offers a glimpse into the complexity of interactions between bacteria and the viruses -- or phages -- that infect them.

Wide differences exist between states in impact of disease
The impact of diseases varies widely across states, with tobacco, overweight, poor diet, alcohol and drug use, high blood sugar and high blood pressure accounting for many years lost to ill health, disability or early death.

Higher risk of infectious disease with both high and low cholesterol
The so-called good cholesterol, HDL, is associated with infectious disease, new research from the University of Copenhagen and Copenhagen University Hospital shows.

Researchers propose a blockchain data network to boost manufacturing
Researchers are proposing the creation of a public, open-source network that uses blockchains -- the technology behind cryptocurrencies -- to share verifiable manufacturing data.

Risk stages defined for children with chronic kidney disease
Experts in pediatric kidney disease have published a new staging system to help doctors better predict the length of time until a child with chronic kidney disease will need to undergo a kidney transplant or start receiving dialysis.

Competing in a global innovation economy: The current state of R&D in Canada
A new expert panel report, released today by the Council of Canadian Academies (CCA), provides the latest data and information on Canada's track record in fundamental research, applied research and experimental development, industrial R&D, and the relationship of these research efforts to wealth creation and prosperity through innovation.

Birds migrate away from diseases
In a unique study, researchers at Lund University in Sweden have mapped the origins of migratory birds.

Cohesive neighborhoods, less spanking result in fewer child welfare visits
The child welfare system is more likely to intervene in households in 'less neighborly' neighborhoods and in which parents spank their kids, a new study shows.

New biological research framework for Alzheimer's seeks to spur discovery
The research community now has a biomarker-based construct for Alzheimer's which could result in a more precise and faster approach to testing drug and other interventions.

Life expectancy significantly worse in deprived areas
Life expectancy and health outcomes worsen the more deprived an area or population is, new research from Cass Business School has found.

Fathers missing in childhood obesity interventions, study finds
Fathers are often absent when it comes to family-based interventions to prevent childhood obesity, University of Guelph study finds.

Marriage reduces depression in couples earning less than $60,000 per year, study finds
People who are married and earning less than $60,000 per year in total household income have fewer symptoms of depression than comparable earning unmarried people, but for couples earning more, marriage doesn't show the same mental health benefits, according to a study co-authored by a Georgia State University researcher.

Thin engineered material perfectly redirects and reflects sound
Metamaterials researchers from Duke University have created a thin plastic structure with geometric details allowing it to control the redirection and reflection of sound waves with almost perfect efficiency.

School-based yoga can help children better manage stress and anxiety
Participating in yoga and mindfulness activities at school helps third-graders exhibiting anxiety improve their well-being and emotional health, according to a new Tulane University study published in the journal Psychology Research and Behavior Management.

Deciphering the 'mosaic' of the brain
Scientists' discovery sheds new light on how neurodegenerative diseases might occur.

Absence of a transcription factor halts tooth development in mid-stride
Researchers have found a key role in tooth development for the transcription factor Specificity protein 7, or Sp7.

Delivery system considerations for inhaled medications undermined in patients with COPD
Researchers from the American College of Chest Physicians conducted the Delivery Makes a Difference (DMaD) project to obtain a better understanding of health care provider and patient perspectives about the role of inhalation delivery devices in COPD.

Researchers find doubling shelter cats' space radically reduces upper respiratory disease
Feline upper respiratory infection in shelter cats can be dramatically decreased by doubling cage sizes and providing cats with two compartments, reported Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers at the University of California, Davis. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to