Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 16, 2018
Engineering a plastic-eating enzyme
Scientists have engineered an enzyme which can digest some of our most commonly polluting plastics, providing a potential solution to one of the world's biggest environmental problems.

In animal studies, stimulating a brain pathway reduces depressive behavior
Neurobiology researchers have identified a pathway in brain circuitry that, when stimulated, leads to 'antidepressive' behavior in animals.

Grafted brain organoids provide insight into neurological disorders
Salk scientists improve the growth of three-dimensional brain models to better understand autism, dementia, schizophrenia.

Army develops face recognition technology that works in the dark
Army researchers have developed an artificial intelligence and machine learning technique that produces a visible face image from a thermal image of a person's face captured in low-light or nighttime conditions.

Articles provide updated guidance to authors submitting to the British Journal of Pharmacology
New editorials published in the British Journal of Pharmacology provide guidance for authors of papers submitted to the journal, with guidance on how to design and conduct experiments as well as what key information should be provided in methodology and presentation of data.

Should states support pregnant teens and their babies?
The majority of US adults with children agree that state support for pregnant teens is a good investment but want to see teens meet certain criteria -- including taking parenting classes -- before receiving assistance.

Surviving climate change, then and now
An archeological dig in Italy reveals that prehistoric humans made it through a major natural disaster by cooperating with each other -- and that's a lesson for our future.

Regional health system growth and implications for stroke care
New research shows that stroke patients are increasingly being transferred out of smaller community and rural hospitals and sent to larger medical centers for their care and rehabilitation.

Job hunters drop ties with supportive colleagues
People considering quitting their jobs stop supporting current colleagues because they no longer feel they need to do favours for them, research shows.

NIH scientists watch the brain's lining heal after a head injury
Following head injury, the brain's protective lining may get a little help from its friends.

Drowsy driving in the ridesharing industry is a public safety risk
A position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) concludes that fatigue and sleepiness are inherent safety risks in the ridesharing industry.

A higher-energy, safer and longer-lasting zinc battery
Again establishing the University of Maryland (UMD) as a leader in the development of groundbreaking battery technology, a team led by researchers at UMD's A.

Randomized clinical trial examines therapies for chronic spinal pain
In a randomized clinical trial of patients with chronic spinal pain, a program that combined education to help patients think differently about pain with an exercise program that increasingly introduced movements patients feared or avoided (pain neuroscience education plus cognition-targeted motor control training) appeared better than usual care (combining education on back and neck pain and general exercise therapy) at reducing pain and improving function and thoughts of pain.

Pancreatitis in minorities linked to triglycerides, gallstones, alcohol abuse
Pancreatitis in ethnic minorities is linked to very high levels of triglycerides and the risk is further increased by alcohol abuse and gallstones, according to a study published in the journal Endocrine Practice.

Effects of climate change on communally managed water systems softened by shared effort
Shared fates and experiences in a community can help it withstand changes to water availability due to climate change, a recent study by Sandia National Laboratories researchers found.

Trial reveals differences in pain-relieving drugs when combined with aspirin
A landmark 2016 Cleveland Clinic study of widely used pain-relieving drugs showed that celecoxib (Celebrex) was associated with comparable cardiovascular safety and better gastrointestinal (GI) and kidney safety when compared with either naproxen (Naprosyn) and ibuprofen (Motrin).

When nuclei catch up with electrons
In an attosecond study of the H2 molecule physicists at ETH Zurich found that for light atomic nuclei -- as contained in most organic and biological molecules -- the correlation between electronic and nuclear motions cannot be ignored.

Is smartphone app associated with medication adherence, blood pressure control?
Among patients with poorly controlled high blood pressure, those who used a smartphone application had a small improvement in self-reported medication adherence but no change in systolic blood pressure.

Hope for new treatment of severe epilepsy
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden believe they have found a method that in the future could help people suffering from epilepsy so severe that all current treatment is ineffective.

Motivation for using fake Instagram (Finsta) is not to reveal inappropriate self
As Instagram is viewed as a place for building the ideal self, some users have created fake Instagram (Finsta) accounts to buck this trend.

In new anthology, experts look to future for managing dementia, mental health
A new supplement to the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society finds field leaders in dementia and mental health research weighing in on the science, public policy, and professional education and practice that will change our experience of aging.

Depression study pinpoints genes that may trigger the condition
Nearly 80 genes that could be linked to depression have been discovered by scientists.

Smoking may increase heart failure risk among African-Americans
African-Americans who smoke may be at greater risk of developing heart failure.

Plants play greater role than megaherbivore extinctions in changes to ecosystem structure
Plants may have exerted greater influence on our terrestrial ecosystems than the megaherbivores that used to roam our landscapes, according to new research by the University of Plymouth, University of Oxford, Queen's University Belfast, Swansea University and the Natural History Museum, London.

Study examines maternal metabolic factors and early-onset puberty
In a study of more than 15,000 girls and their mothers -- all Kaiser Permanente members in Northern California -- maternal overweight and hyperglycemia were linked to the earlier onset of puberty in girls 6 to 11 years old.

Drug reduces size of some lung cancer tumors, relapse rate after surgery
A drug given to early stage lung cancer patients before they undergo surgery showed major tumor responses in the removed tumor and an increase in anti-tumor T-cells that remained after the tumor was removed, which resulted in fewer relapse cases in the patients.

Regular nut intake linked to lower risk of heart rhythm irregularity (atrial fibrillation)
Eating several servings of nuts every week may help lower the risk of developing the heart rhythm irregularity, atrial fibrillation, also known as heart flutter, finds research published online in the journal Heart.

Artificial antimicrobial peptides could help overcome drug-resistant bacteria
Researchers at MIT and the Catholic University of Brasilia have now developed a streamlined approach to developing artificial antimicrobial peptides.

New research predicts which trees are at greatest risk of beetle invasion
This study shows that the composition of forests is more important than other factors when predicting where the destructive pest will strike next.

Army scientists uncover how to stop cyber intrusions
US Army-funded researchers at the University of California in Los Angles have found a proverbial smoking gun signature of the long sought-after Majorana particle, and the find, they say, could block intruders on sensitive communication networks.

Position statement: Avoid using medical marijuana to treat sleep apnea
Medical cannabis and synthetic marijuana extracts should not be used for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, according to a position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM).

Transgender youth more often diagnosed with mental health conditions
Transgender and gender-nonconforming youth are diagnosed with mental health conditions much more frequently than young people who identify with the gender they are assigned at birth, according to new Kaiser Permanente research published today in Pediatrics.

Two is better than one to improve brain function in Alzheimer's disease mouse model
Using two complementary approaches to reduce the deposits of amyloid-beta in the brain rather than either approach alone improved spatial navigation and memory in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.

When three months from now feels right around the corner
If you've ever noticed yourself thinking about the timing of a plan in two opposing ways - something that feels longer off than your actual time calculation -- you're on to something.

How our senses connect with the stress system
Epigenetic programming following early life stress likely results from a dual-activation of the stress system and the sensory systems.

How machine learning helped Surrey develop a new algorithm that could add life to bridges
A new algorithm developed by the University of Surrey could help structural engineers better monitor the health of bridges and alert them to when they need repair faster.

Children infected with malaria parasites produce odour more attractive to mosquitoes
Researchers smell opportunity for new malaria test and control methods after odour study carried out with Kenyan children.

Man-made antibodies show promise in attacking cancer cells in animal models
Using chemotherapy along with aptamers -- lab-made molecules that function like antibodies -- Duke Health researchers showed that they can zero in on and kill prostate cancer tumors in mice while leaving healthy tissue unscathed.

Men willing to punish more than women to get ahead
Chapman University has published research measuring gender differences in cooperation and punishment behavior.

Fermentation byproduct suppresses seizures in nerve agent poisoning
A compound found in trace amounts in alcoholic beverages is more effective at combating seizures in rats exposed to an organophosphate nerve agent than the current recommended treatment, according to new research published in eNeuro.

Post-surgical opioids can, paradoxically, lead to chronic pain
Giving opioids to animals to quell pain after surgery prolongs pain for three weeks and primes specialized immune cells in the spinal cord to be more reactive to pain, according to a new study by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Huge variation in prescribing practice for gluten-free foods in England
Prescribing practice for gluten-free foods in England varies hugely, and doesn't seem to be driven by obvious medical factors, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Are the media all 'doom and gloom'? Not when it comes to coverage of our oceans
The news media are often accused by adopting a 'doom and gloom' tone, especially when it comes to coverage of the environment.

AACR: How do melanoma cells survive drug treatment long enough to acquire drug resistance?
'What we find is that dabrafenib, even at high doses, does not fully turn off the MAPK pathway, thereby enabling eventual escape from drug,' says Sabrina Spencer, Ph.D.

Course set to overcome mismatch between lab-designed nanomaterials and nature's complexity
Advances in nanotechnology have made it possible to control the size, shape, composition, elasticity and chemical properties of laboratory-made nanomaterials.

Proving what can't be seen
New research published in The Astrophysical Journal examines an interesting light source that was captured by four different telescopes each pointing in a different direction in the sky.

Women less likely than men to receive high-intensity statins following a heart attack
Women in the United States who have experienced heart attacks are less likely than men to receive the high-intensity statins recommended to prevent further heart attacks and strokes, new research by The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford has found.

Once upon a time, an exoplanet was discovered
In recent history, a very important achievement was the discovery, in 1995, of 51 Pegasi b, the first extrasolar planet ever found around a normal star other than the Sun.

Is whole-brain radiation still best for brain metastases from small-cell lung cancer?
University of Colorado Cancer Center study compares outcomes of 5,752 small-cell lung cancer patients who received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) with those of 200 patients who received stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), finding that the median overall survival was actually longer with SRS (10.8 months with SRS versus 7.1 months with WBRT).

New study discovers cancer-relevant protein shield
Researchers from the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research have uncovered a new protein shield that aids in repairing damaged DNA in cells and affects resistance to drugs used for breast cancer treatment.

Two robots are cetter than one for NIST's 5G antenna measurement research
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) continue to pioneer new antenna measurement methods, this time for future 5G wireless communications systems.

Scientists discover hidden structure of enigmatic 'backwards' neural connections
The long-standing mystery of the organisation of 'backwards' connections in the visual system has been solved.

What's in a niche? Time to rethink microbial ecology, say researchers
Scientists in Canada, the United States and Europe are looking to rewrite the textbook on microbial ecology.

Music intensifies effects of anti-hypertensive medication
A research shows anti-hypertensive drugs improving heart rate more in patients who listen to music after taking medication.

Enigmatic gene critical for a healthy brain show University of Bath scientists
Scientists from the universities of Bath, Oxford and Edinburgh have identified a non-coding RNA, called Paupar, influences how healthy brains develop during early life.

Altered immune cells clear childhood brain tumor in mice
In mice, a fatal brainstem tumor was cleared by injecting it with engineered T cells that recognized the cancer and targeted it for destruction.

Women remain less likely to receive high-intensity statins following heart attack
Less than half of women who filled a statin prescription following a heart attack received a high-intensity statin -- indicating they continue to be less likely than men to be prescribed this lifesaving treatment, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Timing is everything: Researchers describe genetic clockwork in germ cell development
The nematode C. elegans is truly an organizational talent: The tiny animals live for only two to three weeks, with sexual maturity lasting only four days.

How does one prepare for adverse weather events? Depends on your past experiences
With much of the central plains and Midwest now entering peak tornado season, the impact of these potentially devastating weather events will be shaped in large part by how individuals think about and prepare for them.

New disease model to facilitate development of ALS and MS therapies
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed a new disease model for neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS and MS that can be used to develop new immunotherapies.

Are millennials taking over the supply chain?
The way you get a cup of coffee, cook a meal at home and even purchase clothing is changing.

Three-fold higher risk of cancer after acute thrombosis in the leg
The risk of developing cancer is more than three times higher during the first six months following blood clot in the leg, compared with the background population.

Study shows potential cost savings for early detection and treatment of type 2 diabetes
A large study from Aarhus University, Denmark, showed that for individuals diagnosed with diabetes, screening is associated with a reduction in healthcare costs due to fewer admissions and doctor's visits and a reduction in prescribed medication.

Lack of sleep leads to obesity in children and adolescents
Children who get less than the recommended amount of sleep for their age are at a higher risk of developing obesity.

Virtual contact lenses for radar satellites
Radar satellites supply the data used to map sea level and ocean currents.

Warming climate could speed forest regrowth in eastern US
Warming climate could speed the natural regrowth of forests on undeveloped or abandoned land in the eastern United States, according to a new study.

Genetically altered broadly neutralizing antibodies protect monkeys from HIV-like virus
Two genetically modified broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) protected rhesus macaques from an HIV-like virus, report scientists at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).

Epstein-Barr virus protein can 'switch on' risk genes for autoimmune diseases
Infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), the cause of infectious mononucleosis, has been associated with subsequent development of systemic lupus erythematosus and other chronic autoimmune illnesses, but the mechanisms behind this association were unclear.

Scientists uncover connection between post-natal sensory experiences and brain development
New research by University of Toronto neuroscientists sheds light on links between brain growth and sensations experienced by animals soon after birth.

Combination therapy doubles survival in metastatic lung cancer
The immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab, combined with chemotherapy, doubles survival in patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSNSCLC) lacking genetic changes in the EGFR or ALK genes, when compared to chemotherapy alone, according to an international, Phase III clinical trial.

BESSY II sheds light on how the internal compass is constructed in magnetotactic bacteria
Bacteria exist in many shapes and with very different talents.

Some superconductors can also carry currents of 'spin'
Researchers have shown that certain superconductors -- materials that carry electrical current with zero resistance at very low temperatures -- can also carry currents of 'spin'.

Study identifies more than a hundred new genes that determine hair color
A team of scientists, led by academics from King's College London and Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, have discovered 124 genes that play a major role in determining human hair color variation.

Beyond PD-L1: Taking away TIM3 and Tregs stops cancer regrowth after immunotherapy
CU Cancer Center study presented at AACR18 shows that TIM3 and/or increased regulatory T cells (Tregs) within a tumor may help cancers inactivate immune system killer T cells that would otherwise identify and attack the cancer.

Scientists create technology that measures tumors' drug resistance up to 10 times faster
A group of scientists from VCU Massey Cancer Center and UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have developed a new, high-speed microscopy platform that can measure a cancer cell's resistance to drugs up to 10 times faster than existing technology, potentially informing more effective treatment selection for cancer patients.

Screenings miss half of diabetic, prediabetic patients
Screening patients for diabetes based solely on their age and weight -- a recommendation from a leading medical expert group -- could miss more than half of high-risk patients, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study of a nationwide sample.

Volunteering 2 hours per week reduces loneliness in widowed older adults, study finds
Widowed older adults can reduce the loneliness that results from the death of a spouse by volunteering 100 hours per year, which is about two hours per week, according to a recent study.

A new Bose-Einstein condensate created at Aalto University
Researchers at Aalto University, Finland are the first to create a Bose-Einstein condensate of light coupled with metal electrons, so-called surface plasmon polaritons.

Evidence mounts that daily opioid users may fare worse after spine surgery, study finds
In a multicenter database study of adults who had undergone surgery for spinal deformities, researchers say that those who had used narcotics daily on average had worse outcomes, such as longer intensive care unit stays and more severe post-op disability, compared with those who did not use opioids preoperatively.

Freeing electrons to better trap them
Half a century ago, Walter Henneberger wondered if it was possible to free an electron from its atom, but still make it stay around the nucleus.

'Marriage diversity' a must-have for rock bands to businesses
The rock n' roll lore says that once a bandmate gets married, the party's over for the group.

New research: High risk of malaria transmission after blood transfusions in sub-Saharan Africa
A new study suggests that in high transmission areas of sub-Saharan Africa, nearly one in four blood bank supplies contain the parasites that cause malaria.

Education, not income, the best predictor of a long life
Rising income and the subsequent improved standards of living have long been thought to be the most important factors contributing to a long and healthy life.

Thin film converts heat from electronics into energy
Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, have developed a thin-film system that can be applied to sources of waste heat to produce energy at levels unprecedented for this kind of technology.

Elevation in buildings can affect the decisions we make
New research shows that elevation in an office building can increase someone's willingness to take financial risks because it makes people feel more powerful.

KAIST succeeds in producing 50x more stable adsorbent
A KAIST research team developed a technology to increase the stability of amine-containing adsorbents by fifty times, moving one step further toward commercializing stable adsorbents that last longer.

A new hope: One of North America's rarest bees has its known range greatly expanded
The Macropis cuckoo bee is one of the rarest bees in North America, partly because of its specialized ecological associations.

Oregon scientists decipher the magma bodies under Yellowstone
Using supercomputer modeling, University of Oregon scientists have unveiled a new explanation for the geology underlying recent seismic imaging of magma bodies below Yellowstone National Park.

Reversing brain injury in newborns and adults
Researchers at OHSU in Portland, Ore., have identified a new molecule within the brain's white matter that blocks the organ's ability to repair itself following injury.

A foodborne illness outbreak could cost a restaurant millions, study suggests
A single foodborne outbreak could cost a restaurant millions of dollars in lost revenue, fines, lawsuits, legal fees, insurance premium increases, inspection costs and staff retraining, a new study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.

Climate change mitigation project threatens local ecosystem resilience in Ethiopia
To increase forest cover in the Global South in order to mitigate climate change does not always have positive effects, as shown in a new study undertaken by Stockholm University in southern Ethiopia.

First an alga, then a squid, enigmatic fossil is actually a fish
A fossil slab discovered in Kansas 70 years ago and twice misidentified -- first as a green alga and then as a cephalopod -- has been reinterpreted as the preserved remains of a large cartilaginous fish, the group that includes sharks and rays.

Americans with a college education live longer without dementia and Alzheimer's
The prevention of chronic diseases associated with increased risk of dementia will not reduce the number of Americans with dementia in the coming decades, but developing a treatment that delays onset will significantly reduce the burden of dementia.

When prostate cancer reaches bone, bone cells may drive overall growth of the disease
When prostate cancer metastasizes to bone, it can become especially dangerous.

UCLA researchers use search engines, social media to predict syphilis trends
UCLA-led research finds that internet search terms and tweets related to sexual risk behaviors can predict when and where syphilis trends will occur.

Basel researchers succeed in cultivating cartilage from stem cells
Stable joint cartilage can be produced from adult stem cells originating from bone marrow.

We think we're the first advanced earthlings -- but how do we really know?
Imagine if, many millions of years ago, dinosaurs drove cars through cities of mile-high buildings.

Better education during childhood decreases risk of dementia in African-Americans
A newly published observational study from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University has found that increased levels of education, particularly for those who grew up in low-income rural areas, was significantly associated with the decrease in the risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in older African-Americans previously reported by the same research group.

General aviation pilots struggle to interpret weather forecast and observation displays
When tested on their knowledge of 23 types of weather information, from icing forecasts and turbulence reports to radar, 204 general aviation (GA) pilots surveyed by Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University researchers were stumped by about 42% of the questions.

Ear infections can lead to meningitis, brain abscess and other neurological complications
While antibiotics have greatly reduced the dangers of ear infections, serious neurological complications, including hearing loss, facial paralysis, meningitis and brain abscess still occur, according to a report in the journal Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports.

Structure of a protein complex related with cell survival revealed
A team from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) has determined for the first time the high-resolution structure of a complex (R2TP) involved in key processes for cell survival and in diseases such as cancer.

Moss capable of removing arsenic from drinking water discovered
A moss capable of removing arsenic from contaminated water has been discovered by researchers from Stockholm University.

Cholesterol leash: Key tethering protein found to transport cellular cholesterol
Cholesterol is an essential component of living organisms, but the mechanisms that transport cholesterol inside the cell are poorly understood.

U of G study finds concerning connection between feminine hygiene products and infection
Ninety-five percent of Canadian women have used vaginal hygiene products and a new study shows that these products might be doing more harm than good.

Early environment may shape axon pathfinding
A new mechanism regulating the early development of connections between the two sides of the nervous system has been identified in a paper published in eNeuro.

Overdose antidote promotes stroke recovery in rats
The life-saving drug used to treat opioid overdose, naloxone, reduces brain inflammation in the aftermath of stroke in male rats.

From insulator to conductor in a flash
A clever combination of novel technologies enables us to study promising materials for the electronics of tomorrow.

UCSB physicists team up with Caltech astronomers to commission the most advanced camera in the world.

Boosting T cell 'memory' may result in longer-lasting and effective responses for patients
Just like people, some T cells have excellent memories. These subtypes known as memory T cells may explain why some immunotherapies are more effective than others and potentially lead to researchers designing more effective studies using combination checkpoint blockade treatments, according to experts at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

More prehospital deaths may mean increased intensity in violence
A new Johns Hopkins Medicine analysis of national trauma data shows that trauma patients were four times more likely to die from gunshot wounds and nearly nine times more likely to die from stab wounds before getting to a trauma center in 2014, compared with rates in 2007.

Mosquitoes reveal fatal attraction
Malaria causes the bodies of its human hosts to emit specific odors from the skin that make the hosts even more attractive to mosquitoes, which invites further bites and risks infection of more mosquitoes and wider transmission of the disease.

Self-regulation in children, adolescents
A wide-range of programs to help children and adolescents with self-regulation appear to be effective.

Formidable duo: Protective effect of CD9 and CD81 in COPD and accelerated aging
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease of accelerated lung aging, but the mechanism remains unclear.

Quantum shift shows itself in coupled light and matter
Researchers observe and measure a Bloch-Siegert shift in strongly coupled light and matter in a vacuum.

Study shows fast-acting benefits of ketamine for depression and suicidality
A nasal spray formulation of ketamine shows promise in the rapid treatment of symptoms of major depression and suicidal thoughts, according to a new study published online today in The American Journal of Psychiatry (AJP).

University of Waterloo develops new way to fight HIV transmission
Scientists at the University of Waterloo have developed a new tool to protect women from HIV infection.

Chemical sleuthing leads to detection of little-known flame retardant in the environment
Chemists at Indiana University have published research findings on their discovery of a new and relatively unknown flame retardant in the environment.

New blood pressure guidelines could put lives at risk, say experts
A new report in JAMA Internal Medicine by University of Sydney and Bond University scholars weighs the risks and benefits of a recent change to blood pressure guidelines in the US.

SU2C researchers find promising treatment strategy for stage 1-3 NSCL cancer patients
A new, innovative approach to lung cancer treatment, administration of immunotherapy prior to surgery yielded encouraging outcomes in findings from SU2C-CRI Dream Team researchers.

Study examines accuracy of test for lymph node metastases in women with breast cancer
A new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) study indicates that axillary ultrasound imaging is inferior for detecting axillary node metastasis in patients with breast cancer.

Bike paths for everyone -- except children
While the network of bike paths spanning greater Montreal, Longueuil, and Laval more than doubled in size between 1991 and 2016, accessibility has not improved for children, according to a study by INRS researchers published in the Journal of Transport Geography.

Can FraudBuster help insurers use big data to combat fraud?
FraudBuster is a new data-driven approach designed to help insurers in high fraud rate markets, such as the automobile insurance market, proactively identify risk and reduce fraud.

Using AI to detect heart disease
Predicting and monitoring cardiovascular disease is often expensive and tenuous, involving high-tech equipment and intrusive procedures.

'Mono' virus linked to 7 serious diseases
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) -- best known for causing mononucleosis -- also increases the risks for some people of developing seven other major diseases, according to a study in Nature Genetics.

Precancerous colon polyps in patients with Lynch syndrome exhibit immune activation
Colon polyps from patients with Lynch syndrome, a hereditary condition that raises colorectal cancer risk, display immune system activation well before cancer development, according to research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Dinosaurs ended -- and originated -- with a bang!
It is commonly understood that the dinosaurs disappeared with a bang -- wiped out by a great meteorite impact on the Earth 66 million years ago.

Run faster, learn better
Learning and performance can be enhanced by locomotor activity in mice, concludes a new study.

Antimicrobial therapy can prevent sepsis in pneumonia patients
Research sheds light on initial phase of infectious disease and potential for prevention of pneumococcal septicaemia.

Is it time to abandon the Nobel Prize?
In a commentary piece published in De Gruyter's journal Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, authors Clare Fiala and Eleftherios P.

NYU Dentistry study identifies effective school-based cavity prevention program
School-based prevention programs can substantially reduce children's cavities -- but what type of treatment should be delivered in schools to best prevent tooth decay?

Drinking up to 3 cups of coffee per day may be safe, protective
Many clinicians advise patients with atrial or ventricular arrhythmias to avoid caffeinated beverages, but recent research has shown that coffee and tea are safe and can reduce the frequency of arrhythmias, according to a review published today in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology.

Logging in tropical forests jeopardizing drinking water
A team of researchers from The University of Queensland (UQ), Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), and other groups have found that increasing land clearing for logging in Solomon Islands-even with best management strategies in place -- will lead to unsustainable levels of soil erosion and significant impacts to downstream water quality.

Spikes of graphene can kill bacteria on implants
A tiny layer of graphene flakes becomes a deadly weapon and kills bacteria, stopping infections during procedures such as implant surgery.

'Striosome' neurons in the basal ganglia play a key role in learning
Researchers at OIST have successfully isolated and recorded the activity of a subset of neurons in the striatum in the brain, shedding light on one mechanism underlying learning and decision making in animals.

Horses can breathe easier thanks to new treatment for degenerative respiratory condition
Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers have developed a new surgical technique for recurrent laryngeal neuropathy (RLN) that is improving outcomes and helping horses breathe a little bit easier.

Portland State researchers chart a new way to look at concussion
A Portland State University research team studying concussion has published an interactive diagram showing the many facets of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) -- from sleep problems to mood disorders to the increased danger of dementia -- and how they connect with and affect each other. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to