Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 18, 2018
Engineering a better device to capture -- and release -- circulating tumor cells
Yaling Liu, of Lehigh University, has created an innovative microfluidic device that uses magnetic particles and wavy-herringbone design to capture and release circulating tumor cells with an 80-95% capture efficiency rate at different tumor cell concentrations.

One step closer to understanding explosive sensitivity with molecule design
Explosives have an inherent problem -- they should be perfectly safe for handling and storage but detonate reliably on demand.

Obesity linked with higher chance of developing rapid, irregular heart rate
People with obesity are more likely to develop a rapid and irregular heart rate, called atrial fibrillation, which can lead to stroke, heart failure and other complications, according to Penn State researchers.

Psoriasis treated with compound derived from immune cells
A compound from the body's own immune cells can treat psoriasis in mice and holds promise for other autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, according to a new study at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

New research shows Transcendental Meditation empowers disadvantaged Ugandan mothers
A new study with disadvantaged women in Uganda using measures of self-efficacy, perceived stress, and mental and physical quality of life, found significant differences between a group practicing Transcendental Meditation and controls after three months.

People waste nearly a pound of food daily
Americans waste nearly a pound of food per person each day, but the exact amount of food we trash differs by how healthy your diet is, a new PLOS ONE study finds.

Flexible TVs and high performance wearable smart tech one step closer
Flexible televisions, tablets and phones as well as 'truly wearable' smart tech are a step closer thanks to a nanoscale transistor created by researchers at The University of Manchester and Shandong University in China.

Management of mitral regurgitation in a patient contemplating pregnancy
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 439-446(8); DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2017.0027, researchers Yee-Ping Sun and Patrick T.

Active young adults with Type 1 diabetes have muscle complications: Study
A new study from McMaster and York universities has found that poor muscle health may be a complication of Type 1 diabetes, even among active twenty-somethings.

Preliminary study suggests drug may help babies with spinal muscular atrophy
A preliminary study suggests that an investigational drug may help increase protein levels in babies with spinal muscular atrophy.

Association of cannabis with cognitive functioning in young people
Frequent cannabis use by adolescents and young adults was associated with small reductions in cognitive function that appeared to diminish with abstinence over time.

Study: How to calculate pricing and resources for cloud computing
Researchers in the University at Buffalo School of Management have developed a new algorithm that cloud computing service providers can use to establish pricing and allocate resources.

Instagram micro-celebrities
Physical attractiveness, high-quality photos, interesting content, engagement with the audience, and subject competence are the key contributing factors to Instagram micro-celebrities' success, according to a study which examines the influence of online celebrity endorsers on consumer purchase intentions.

Overcoming bias about music takes work
Expectations and biases play a large role in our enjoyment of experiences such as art and wine.

Brain scans may help diagnose neurological, psychiatric disorders
A new study shows that individual brain networks are remarkably stable from day to day and while undertaking different tasks, suggesting that they could potentially form the basis of diagnostic tests for brain disorders or diseases.

How mental health diagnosis should be more collaborative
New research published in The Lancet Psychiatry finds that mental health diagnosis should be more collaborative.

Great Welsh science helps solve pollinator puzzle
Welsh scientists piecing together the giant jigsaw puzzle of plant pollination are a step closer to knowing how it all fits thanks to a new paper by Swansea University Ph.D. researcher Andrew Lucas.

Researchers find the brain processes sight and sound in same manner
Georgetown neuroscientists have found that the human brain learns to make sense of auditory and visual stimuli in the same two-step process.

Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that anesthesia in young children lowers intelligence
A Mayo Clinic study finds no evidence that children given anesthesia before their third birthdays have lower IQs than those who did not have it.

Writing and deleting magnets with lasers
Scientists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) together with colleagues from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, USA have found a way to write and delete magnets in an alloy using a laser beam -- a surprising effect.

NYITCOM at A-State professor lends anatomy expertise to solve ancient mystery
Scientists have long wondered why the physical traits of Neanderthals, the ancestors of modern humans, differ greatly from today's man.

Harvesting water from fog with harps (video)
As summertime draws near, some people around the US will face annual water usage restrictions as water supplies become strained.

Brexit debate on Twitter driven by economic and nationalist issues, not populism
Discussion on Twitter during the Brexit referendum campaign was motivated by nationalist and economic concerns, and less driven by populist and globalist issues, according to a new study from City, University of London.

Deep learning predicts drug-drug and drug-food interactions
A Korean research team from KAIST developed a computational framework, DeepDDI, that accurately predicts and generates 86 types of drug-drug and drug-food interactions as outputs of human-readable sentences, which allows in-depth understanding of the drug-drug and drug-food interactions.

Football scuffles, auto injuries may raise risk for Parkinson's
A rear-ender in which the driver's head slams against the steering wheel or a helmet-to-helmet tussle with an opponent on the football field may increase one's risk for Parkinson's disease if concussion results, say researchers from UCSF and the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Robot developed for automated assembly of designer nanomaterials
A Japanese research team developed a robot that can identify, collect, and manipulate two-dimensional nanocrystals.

The Eurasian atmospheric circulation anomalies can persist from winter to the following spring
Surface air temperature (SAT) anomalies have pronounced impacts on agriculture, socioeconomic development, and people's daily lives.

Electromagnetic wizardry: Wireless power transfer enhanced by backward signal
An international research team has proposed a way to increase the efficiency of wireless power transfer over long distances and tested it with numerical simulations and experiments.

Active young adults with Type 1 diabetes have muscle complications
A new study from McMaster and York universities in Canada has found that poor muscle health may be a complication of Type 1 diabetes, even among active twenty-somethings.

Screen reader plus keyboard helps blind, low-vision users browse modern webpages
By using a keyboard for tactile feedback in combination with a screen reader, users were three times more successful at navigating complex modern webpages, like they would encounter in a typical Airbnb booking site.

Low-income HIV patients suffer with healthcare access
Quebecers are not created equal when it comes to accessing anti-retroviral treatment (ART) for HIV and AIDS, a long-term study undertaken by a team from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) in Montreal has revealed.

Low-cost anti-hookworm drug boosts female farmers' physical fitness
Impoverished female farm workers infected with intestinal parasites known as hookworms saw significant improvements in physical fitness when they were treated with a low-cost deworming drug.

Personalized letter improves pregnancy weight for women with gestational diabetes
Women with gestational diabetes who received a tailored letter with personalized weight-gain recommendations were significantly more likely to meet national weight-gain guidelines, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published today in Diabetes Care, a journal of the American Diabetes Association.

Root exudates affect soil stability, water repellency
We might think of roots as necessary, but uninteresting, parts of the crop production process.

New light shed on how bone marrow niches keep stem cells thriving
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) require specialized niches in bone marrow to generate functional blood cells.

An artificial mole as an early warning system
ETH researchers working with Martin Fussenegger have developed an early warning system for the four most common types of cancer.

Is risk of suicide attempt among soldiers associated with time before, during or after deployments?
Early first deployment and a shorter length of time between deployments were associated with a higher risk of suicide attempt among soldiers with two deployments regardless of previous mental health diagnosis and other military service-related or sociodemographic factors.

Experts weigh risks of epilepsy drug in pregnancy, as EU considers safety recommendations
As the European Commission considers whether to introduce a partial ban on use of the epilepsy drug valproate in pregnancy over risks to unborn babies, researchers in The BMJ discuss the arguments and the implications for patients and healthcare professionals.

Evolution: Urban life leaves behind traces in the genome of bumblebees
Bumblebees living in the city have genes that differ from their relatives in the countryside.

World-first research into injury rates among people released from prison
People released from prison who have both mental illness and substance use problems are at 12 times the risk of suffering injury compared to the general community, world-first research from the University of Melbourne has found.

Having fully stocked cart to treat malignant hyperthermia during labor not cost-beneficial
Maintaining a stocked cart, with a full supply of the life-saving drug dantrolene, to treat malignant hyperthermia, a rare but potentially fatal adverse reaction to general anesthesia, may not be cost-beneficial in hospital maternity units where the incidence of the reaction is low, according to a new paper published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

A bioengineered tattoo monitors blood calcium levels
Scientists have created a biomedical tattoo that becomes visible on the skin of mice in response to elevated levels of calcium in the blood.

Dual-class firms have higher market valuations near time of IPO that drop over next six years, study
New research from the University of Notre Dame may have regulatory implications, and can inform the debate regarding dual-class stock financing.

How to improve habitat conservation for migrating cranes
Every year, endangered whooping cranes travel along a 4,000-kilometer corridor linking their Canadian nesting grounds and their winter home in Texas.

Role of intravascular ultrasound imaging in detection of acute aortic syndrome
Misdiagnosed Aortic Intramural Hematoma and the Role of Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging in Detection of Acute Aortic Syndrome In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 447-449(3); DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2017.0028, Niya Mileva, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria and other researchers from Poland and Italy present a case study of misdiagnosed aortic intramural hematoma and the role of intravascular ultrasound imaging in detection of acute aortic syndrome.

UTA expands efforts to develop water recycling technologies
The Collaborative Laboratories for Environmental Analysis and Remediation at the University of Texas at Arlington has expanded its partnership with oil field equipment supplier Challenger Water Solutions to develop water recycling technologies that will transform waste from unconventional oil and gas development into reusable water.

Study: Coal mining reduces abundance, richness of aquatic life
Coal mining, under current US regulations, has significantly reduced the abundance and variety of fish, invertebrates, salamanders, and other aquatic life in streams, according to a new study from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

Characterizing 'keyhole' is first step to fighting obesity at cellular level
A Vanderbilt team and their international colleagues characterized for the first time a complex, little-understood cellular receptor type that, when activated, shuts off hunger.

Global warming is transforming the Great Barrier Reef
A new study published online today in Nature shows that corals on the northern Great Barrier Reef experienced a catastrophic die-off following the extended marine heatwave of 2016.

Iron Age breeding practices likely influenced lack of stallion lineages in modern horses
Selective breeding just before and during the Iron Age nearly 3,000 years ago is likely the reason for the lack of variability in modern domestic horses' paternally inherited DNA, a trait unique among livestock animals.

Difference in gene switching discovered in different parts of brain
Researchers found significant difference in the molecular machinery that turns on and off gene expression between cerebellum and prefrontal cortex of a mouse brain.

SwRI's Martian moons model indicates formation following large impact
Southwest Research Institute scientists posit a violent birth of the tiny Martian moons Phobos and Deimos, but on a much smaller scale than the giant impact thought to have resulted in the Earth-moon system.

Study finds malaria parasites prevalent in North American fawns
Researchers who analyzed blood samples from 33 farm-raised, white-tailed fawns in Florida report that about 21 percent -- seven of 33 -- were infected by malaria parasites at some point during the first eight months of life.

New research seeks to optimize space travel efficiency
Sending a human into space and doing it efficiently presents a galaxy of challenges.

Improved method of delivering anti-cancer drugs
A new non-toxic method for delivering anti-cancer drugs to specific parts of the human body could mean the end of the severe and nasty side effects associated with many cancer therapies, according to researchers at Cardiff University's School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Leptin's neural circuit identified
Scientists identified a neural circuit in the hypothalamus as the primary mechanism mediating the hormone leptin's anti-obesity and anti-diabetes effects and found two mechanisms underlying leptin's inhibition of appetite.

Transplanted livers help body defend against organ rejection, Mayo Clinic study finds
When patients undergo a dual kidney-liver transplant, the liver has a protective effect on the kidney, the study found.

Study: Wide distribution of naloxone can slash overdose deaths during epidemics
A new study in The Lancet Public Health shows the rapid expansion of British Columbia's Take Home Naloxone program significantly reduced the number of fentanyl-related overdose deaths in 2016.

Unique protein is a vulnerability in the malaria parasite
The malaria parasite is highly dependent on a unique protein for infecting new mosquitoes.

Green digitization: Botanical collections data answer real-world questions
Scientists are digitizing the wealth of data attached to herbarium specimens and using those data to address questions ranging from species identification to global climate change.

Gene therapy for beta-thalassemia safe, effective in people
Philippe Leboulch, M.D., and colleagues report that a one-time treatment with the gene therapy known as LentiGlobin BB305 vector reduced or eliminated the need for blood transfusions in 22 patients with severe beta-thalassemia.

Three solutions to maximize the clinical benefit and affordability of targeted cancer drugs
A group led by the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania has proposed three solutions to maximize the clinical benefit and affordability of targeted cancer drugs.

The 'radical' ways sunlight builds bigger molecules in the atmosphere
With summer approaching, 'sea and sun' might conjure up images of a beach trip.

Safety measures could save 250,000 lives a year in low- and middle-income countries
Interventions such as speeding enforcement and formal swimming lessons for young children could potentially save more than 250,000 lives a year if they were implemented across populations living in extreme poverty in low- and middle-income countries, according to a new study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Development of a quantitative pharmacodynamic assay for apoptosis in fixed tumor tissue
Existing microscopy-based methods of detecting apoptosis, such as TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling), have limited quantitative capabilities due to insufficient signal-to-noise ratios.

Is marital status associated with early detection of localized melanoma?
Marital status was associated with earlier detection of localized melanoma, with married patients more likely to present with early stage tumors than patients who were never married, divorced or widowed.

An asymptomatic patient with severe mitral regurgitation
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 431-434(4), researcher Blase A.

Study reveals new Antarctic process contributing to sea level rise and climate change
A new study has revealed a previously undocumented process where melting glacial ice sheets change the ocean in a way that further accelerates the rate of ice melt and sea level rise.

Researchers design 'soft' robots that can move on their own
If Star Wars' R2-D2 is your idea of a robot, think again.

Artificial pancreas is a safe and effective treatment for type 1 diabetes
Use of an artificial pancreas is associated with better control of blood sugar levels for people with type 1 diabetes compared with standard treatment, finds a review of the available evidence published by The BMJ today.

Stemming the tide of ocean plastics
As people in the developing countries become more affluent, they end up buying more plastics.

Why don't kids use their asthma medicines?
In a new analysis of interviews conducted with children who have asthma, their caregivers and their clinicians, Johns Hopkins researchers found that there was significant lack of agreement about why the kids miss their needed daily anti-inflammatory medication.

New study improves 'crowd wisdom' estimates
In a new study published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, researchers Albert Kao (Harvard University), Andrew Berdahl (Santa Fe Institute), and their colleagues examined just how accurate our collective intelligence is and how individual bias and information sharing skew aggregate estimates.

Ultrafast electron oscillation and dephasing monitored by attosecond light source
Collaborative research team of Prof. Jun Takeda and Associate Prof.

Direct electrical current used to preferentially inhibit pain-transmitting neurons
Using computer models and laboratory rats, Johns Hopkins researchers have demonstrated that

Delivering cancer treatment on a nanodisc helps eliminate tumors
Researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center designed this new delivery system -- a drug hidden in a nanodisc -- to increase the number of patients who can be treated successfully with cancer immunotherapy drugs.

Cities and communities in the US losing 36 million trees a year
Nationally, urban/community tree cover declined from 42.9 percent to 42.2 percent between 2009-2014.

En route to the optical nuclear clock
Together with colleagues from Munich and Mainz, researchers at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) have performed the first-ever optical measurements of some important properties of the low-energy state of the Th-229 nucleus.

US judges should do more than simply 'apply the law' when it demands cruel sentences
Legal experts from the University of Surrey and Virginia Tech are calling for judges to seek a middle ground between the law and morality to deal with cases where 'mandatory minimum' provisions would force them to impose excessive punishments.

For young adults with blood cancer, pediatric centers may improve survival
Adolescents and young adults with acute leukemia have a survival advantage if they receive treatment at a pediatric cancer center versus an adult center, according to a new study.

Early skin cancer more accurately diagnosed by dermatologist than other providers
PAs increasingly used in dermatology to cut costs and improve access, but are less likely than dermatologists to accurately diagnose early stage skin cancers, according to new research.

Can estimates from forensic handwriting experts be trusted in court?
Forensic handwriting specialists are often called on to testify in court about the origins of a few lines of writing, or to determine whether a specific person has written a sentence.

Study shows men and women tear ACL the same way in non-contact injury
While women are two to four times more likely than men to tear the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in their knee, the cause of this injury is no different between the sexes, according to new research from Duke Health.

Building crystals on a very hot surface
An innovative chemical reactor for depositing semiconductors at very high temperatures draws on the strength of Saudi Arabia's chemical industry.

A robot by NTU Singapore autonomously assembles an IKEA chair
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, have developed a robot that can autonomously assemble IKEA's Stefan chair in 8 minutes and 55 seconds.

Moderate decline in violent attacks against Jews, but attacks are becoming more brutal
Anti-Semitic violence around the world dropped 9 percent from 2016 to 2017, but a 'dramatic increase' of all other forms of anti-Semitic manifestations has raised 'grave concerns among European Jews regarding their security and the continuation of communal life,' according to an annual report from Tel Aviv University's Kantor Center for the Study of Contemporary European Jewry, published on April 11.

Why is it harder for females to gain weight?
Why is it harder for females to gain weight? A new study proposes that part of the answer may be in the brain.

Water dynamics indicate tumor status
How aggressive is a tumor? To measure the tumor status without taking tissue samples, Italian researchers have developed a method based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of whole body parts.

Bees and cuckoos will bring savings to airlines
The flight routes of passenger aircraft are generally well established.

Revisiting existing drugs finds molecules that control body clocks
Using drug repurposing, a team of researchers led by animal biologists at Nagoya University has discovered compounds that can either shorten or lengthen the circadian rhythm in human cells.

Craigslist, other online exchanges, may be good for the environment
Online exchanges, such as Craigslist, may not just help consumers declutter and earn a few extra bucks -- a Penn State researcher suggests that using those exchanges may help inspire behavior that is good for the environment.

Researchers identified a protein associated with breast cancer
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a protein that is strongly associated with metastatic breast cancer and that could be a target for future therapies.

Charge density wave inhomogeneity and pseudogap in 1T-TiSe2
1T-TiSe2 undergoes the superconductivity transition under Cu intercalation, pressure or electric gating.

Peptide induces chirality evolution in a single gold nanoparticle
Seoul National University has created a synthesis method to make optically active and chiral gold nanoparticles using amino acids and peptides for the first time.

Molecular scaffolding aids construction at the nanoscale
Researchers at OIST have made a nanoscale construction kit comprised of molecular 'bricks' and 'scaffolding,' inspired by the way the extracellular matrix is built around living cells.

Similarity between high-risk atherosclerotic plaque and cancer cells discovered
New research from Lund University in Sweden shows that inflammatory, unstable atherosclerotic plaque has a metabolism that differs from that of stable plaque -- and is similar to that of cancer cells.

Fossilized algae hold promise for improved food safety testing
Researchers have used the fossilized remains of algae to take a key step toward being able to more sensitively detect harmful contaminants in food.

Coho salmon die, chum salmon survive in stormwater runoff research
In a recent paper published in the journal Environmental Pollution, scientists found that coho salmon became sick and nearly died, within just a few hours of exposure to polluted stormwater.

Top HIV cure research team refutes major recent results on how to identify HIV persistence
An international team focused on HIV cure research spearheaded by The Wistar Institute in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania and Vall d'Hebron Research Institute (VHIR) in Barcelona, Spain, established that the CD32 molecule is not a preferential biomarker to identify HIV silent reservoirs within the immune system of patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART), as proposed by a recent landmark study.

Fatty fish and camelina oil are beneficial for your HDL and IDL cholesterol
Eating fatty fish increases the size and lipid composition of HDL particles in people with impaired glucose metabolism, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland.

Salt boosts creation of 2-D materials
Salt simplifies the process of making novel two-dimensional materials. As reported in Nature, simulations by Rice University scientists show how labs in Singapore, China and Taiwan were able to make dozens of 2-D compounds, including many novel materials.

Portable device to sniff out trapped humans
The first step after buildings collapse from an earthquake, bombing or other disaster is to rescue people who could be trapped in the rubble.

A scale-up nanoporous membrane centrifuge for reverse osmosis desalination without fouling
A novel design of a scale-up nanoporous membrane centrifuge (see Figure 1 (a), (b), (c), and (d)) is proposed for reverse osmosis desalination, and the proof of concept is demonstrated through large scale molecular dynamics simulations reported in this article.

T cell antigen receptors act alone: Longstanding immunological mystery solved
With a standard electron microscope, only dead T cells can be studied.

Study suggests we can recognize speakers only from how faces move when talking
Results of a new study by cognitive psychologist and speech scientist Alexandra Jesse and her linguistics undergraduate student Michael Bartoli at the University of Massachusetts Amherst should help to settle a long-standing disagreement among cognitive psychologists about the information we use to recognize people speaking to us.

A molecular atlas of calcific aortic valve disease
A team of researchers from BWH has comprehensively analyzed gene expression and protein distribution in human aortic valves obtained from valve replacement surgery.

Some kitchen cabinets can emit potentially harmful compounds
Probably the last place anyone would want to find airborne polychlorinated biphenyl compounds (PCBs) is in the kitchen, yet that's exactly where scientists detected their presence, according to a new report in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Ebola media coverage impacted how the public perceived the disease and survivors
Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have found that news coverage of Ebola during the time it was in the US focused on telling individual stories to humanize those affected.

Republicans more persuasive than scientists on climate change
Regardless of political affiliation, people are more likely to believe facts about climate change when they come from Republicans speaking against what has become a partisan interest in this country, says a new UConn study.

How does the Pacific Walker circulation respond to strong tropical volcanism?
A new study found the Pacific Walker circulation, one of the most important circulation systems in the tropics, shows a significant interannual weakening after strong tropical volcanic eruptions.

Tennessee scientist works to increase crops' water saving potential
Studies at the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture are identifying plant physiological traits that could minimize the effect of drought in row crops.

Algorithms reveal changes in stereotypes, according to new Stanford research
New Stanford research shows that, over the past century, linguistic changes in gender and ethnic stereotypes correlated with major social movements and demographic changes in the US Census data.

New species of ancient whale identified and named by Otago paleontologists
University of Otago paleontologists are rewriting the history of New Zealand's ancient whales by describing a previously unknown genus of baleen whale, alive more than 27.5 million years ago and found in the Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury.

Many European countries are not ready to stop viral hepatitis
Many European countries lack a comprehensive policy to eliminate viral hepatitis as a major public health threat, according to a patient group-based survey implemented in 25 countries.

ACP calls for a 'time out' to assess and revise approach to performance measurement
In 'Time Out -- Charting a Path for Improving Performance Measurement,' published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, the American College of Physicians (ACP) reports that the majority of quality measures for ambulatory internal medicine in Medicare's Merit-based Incentive Payment System program are not valid based on criteria developed by ACP.

Key workflow interruptions in emergency departments identified
Interruptions in workflow, such as a phone call while working on another task, or when a colleague stops by for a chat, can lead to inefficiencies in the workplace.

Detailed images of tumor vasculature
Thanks to a new method of analyzing ultrasound images, conventional scanners can be used for generating high-res images of blood vessels in tumors.

This 2-D nanosheet expands like a Grow Monster
Engineers discovered that tiny crystal lattices called 'self-assembling molecular nanosheets' expand when exposed to light.

Global burden of multiple serious illnesses must be urgently addressed: AMS report
Increasing numbers of people worldwide are suffering lifelong disability and dying prematurely due to the ineffective treatment of people with multiple health conditions, a new report suggests.

Keeping the excitement under control
James Poulet's lab at the MDC uses advanced techniques to monitor the activity of networks of single sensory neurons in the brain.

Black hole and stellar winds form giant butterfly, shut down star formation in galaxy
Researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder have completed an unprecedented 'dissection' of twin galaxies in the final stages of merging.

Practices with poor prescribing performance more likely to prescribe homeopathy
New research published today by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine finds that general practices in England with the worst prescribing quality scores are 2.1 times more likely to prescribe homeopathy than practices with the best prescribing quality scores.

Graphene changes elastic properties depending on applied force
A research group, including scientists from Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITF), described a universal feature, in which many unique graphene properties are hidden.

Ischemic mitral regurgitation
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 435-437(3), researchers Marc Katz of Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA and Scott D.

A single concussion may increase risk of Parkinson's disease
People who have been diagnosed with a mild concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, may have a 56 percent increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to a study published in the April 18, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Researchers study how well greater sage grouse habitat protects other species
Protected areas for sage grouse don't necessarily serve the needs of other species that depend on sagebrush habitat, showing that the bird might not be as much of an umbrella species as had been assumed.

Study suggests social workers could help families navigate foreclosure
In a qualitative study, researchers focused on Cleveland service providers who shared how foreclosure affects their clients.

UC San Diego study: Anyone can be an innovator
Innovators aren't born, they can be made, according to recent research from the University of California San Diego's School of Global Policy and Strategy.

An eye toward regeneration
UNLV scientist Kelly Tseng, Ph.D. and her team have found that frog embryos can fully regrow their eyes after injuries, a breakthrough that may lead one day to the ability to orchestrate tissue regeneration in humans.
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