Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 19, 2018
Dartmouth College brings smartwatch innovations to CHI2018
The latest developmental research seeks to increase the functionality of wearables while also adding to the overall user experience.

In the surcharge blame game, companies tend to finish last
Companies may bear the brunt of the blame for imposing surcharges on consumers, even when an outside agency foisted those charges on the company, according to an international team of researchers.

Skin cancers linked with reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease
Previous studies have demonstrated a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in individuals with various cancers, including non-melanoma skin cancers (including squamous cell cancers and basal cell cancers).

DOR protein deficiency favors the development of obesity
According to a recent study published by researchers at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) and CIBERDEM in Nature Cell Biology, deficiency in the protein DOR (also called TP53INP2) stimulates the generation of new adipose cells (which store fat) and leads to a less harmful kind of obesity.

Scientific guidelines for using cannabis to treat stress, anxiety and depression
In a first-of-a-kind study, Washington State University scientists examined how peoples' self-reported levels of stress, anxiety and depression were affected by smoking different strains and quantities of cannabis at home.

Medical doctors remain trapped in their substance-use disorders
Fear of dismissal or of losing their authorization keeps medical doctors trapped in their substance-use disorders, and instead of seeking help they attempt self-treatment.

Tai Chi improves brain metabolism and muscle energetics in older adults
A new Journal of Neuroimaging study provides insights into the biochemical mechanisms by which Tai Chi -- a mind-body exercise -- may provide both physical and psychological benefits.

Study reveals how antiepileptic drug causes problems during pregnancy
During pregnancy, use of the antiepileptic drug valproic acid has been associated with worse outcomes -- including fetal loss, impaired growth, major congenital malformations, increased risk of developmental problems, and autism -- compared with all other antiepileptic drugs.

Bedside art therapy decreases pain and anxiety in patients with cancer
A brief bedside visual art intervention (BVAI) facilitated by art educators improved mood and reduced pain and anxiety in a study of inpatients with hematological cancers.

Exercise after a heart attack -- it could save your life
Becoming more physically active after a heart attack reduces the risk of death, according to research presented today at EuroPrevent 2018, a European Society of Cardiology congress.

Weight-loss surgery improves lives and saves money
A new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) study indicates that weight-loss surgery is cost-effective over 10 years and can save healthcare systems money over a lifetime.

Study: Judges as susceptible to gender bias as laypeople -- and sometimes more so
A new study of trial court judges suggests these arbiters of the law sometimes let their personal ideas about gender roles influence their decision-making.

New research: Eyes of adolescents could reveal risk of cardiovascular disease
New research has found that poorer well-being or 'health-related quality of life' (HRQoL) in adolescence could be an indicator of future cardiovascular disease risk.

Effort seeks to increase the number of trained rheumatology nurse practitioners and physician assistants
Due to an aging population and increasing prevalence of rheumatic disease, there are growing demands on clinicians who specialize in rheumatology.

Machine-learning system processes sounds like humans do
Using a machine-learning system known as a deep neural network, MIT researchers have created the first model that can replicate human performance on auditory tasks such as identifying a musical genre.

Museum researchers rediscover animal not seen in 30 years
Researchers from the San Diego Natural History Museum (The Nat) and the non-profit organization Terra Peninsular A.C. have rediscovered the San Quintin kangaroo rat (Dipodomys gravipes) in Baja California.

Homemade microscope reveals how a cancer-causing virus clings to our DNA
Using a homemade, high-tech microscope, scientists have revealed how a cancer-causing virus anchors itself to our DNA.

Variants in non-coding DNA contribute to inherited autism risk
In recent years, researchers have firmly established that gene mutations appearing for the first time, called de novo mutations, contribute to approximately one-third of cases of autism spectrum disorder.

Energy conversion: Optical 'overtones' for solar cells
NIM scientists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have found a new effect regarding the optical excitation of charge carriers in a solar semiconductor.

Hurricane Harvey: Dutch-Texan research shows most fatalities occurred outside flood zones
Scientists found that most Houston-area drowning deaths from Hurricane Harvey occurred outside the zones designated by government as being at higher risk of flooding: the 100- and 500-year floodplains.

Molecular motor: Four states of rotation
With the help of ultrafast spectroscopy and quantum mechanical calculations, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers have characterized the complete rotational cycle of the light-driven, chemical motor molecule hemithioindigo.

How environmental pollutants and genetics work together in rheumatoid arthritis
New research documents how chemicals and a certain gene activate an enzyme to increase the risk and severity of RA and bone destruction.

Discovery adds to evidence that some children are predisposed to develop leukemia
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have discovered a fourth gene that can predispose carriers to the most common childhood cancer, expanding the list of genes to include in cancer screening.

Researchers find new way of exploring the afterglow from the Big Bang
Researchers have developed a new way to improve our knowledge of the Big Bang by measuring radiation from its afterglow, called the cosmic microwave background radiation.

How does the brain learn categorization for sounds? The same way it does for images
Categorization, or the recognition that individual objects share similarities and can be grouped together, is fundamental to how we make sense of the world.

Social values of masculinity and honor fuel contact with mafia-type groups
Adherence to masculine honor among young Italian men is a strong indication they are likely to engage in contact with the mafia-type groups, new research led by a University of Kent psychologist has shown.

Men younger than 50: The more you smoke, the more you stroke
The more cigarettes men younger than 50 smoked, the more likely they were to have a stroke.

Decision-making predicts future drug addiction in recreational users
Activity in decision-making brain regions of people who use recreational stimulants predicts who will discontinue use and who will develop a drug use disorder, according to a new study led by Martin Paulus, Ph.D., of Laureate Institute of Brain Research, Tulsa, Okla.

A novel way of creating gold nanoparticles in water
The discovery that water microdroplets can replace potentially toxic agents in the creation of gold nanoparticles and nanowires could help usher in a new era of 'green chemistry.'

Researchers at LSTM take a novel approach to snakebite treatment
Researchers at LSTM's Alistair Reid Venom Research Unit are looking at treatment for snakebite in a completely different way and have shown that it is possible to treat the bite from one snake with antivenom produced from a completely different species that causes the same pathology in humans.

Unprecedented wave of large-mammal extinctions linked to ancient humans
Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and other recent human relatives may have begun hunting large mammal species down to size - by way of extinction - at least 90,000 years earlier than previously thought, says a new study published in the journal Science.

Study provides video evidence of parental infanticide in a grassland bird species
Baby birds go missing from their nests all the time.

Enduring cold temperatures alters fat cell epigenetics
A new study in fat cells has revealed a molecular mechanism that controls how lifestyle choices and the external environment affect gene expression.

What factors are associated with an increased risk of temporary hearing loss after attending an outdoor music festival
People who attended an outdoor music festival who did not use earplugs, used alcohol and/or drugs and were male were more likely to experience temporary hearing loss.

Study: Certain PTSD therapies prove effective long after patients stop treatment
Reducing severity of PTSD symptoms long-term holds significant public-health and economic implications.

UPV/EHU researchers account for the complex symptoms of Angelman syndrome
A research group at the Faculty of Science and Technology of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has managed to reliably identify the changes in the proteins altered by the UBE3A enzyme, responsible for Angelman syndrome.

Protein can slow intestinal tumor growth
A new mechanism for regulating stem cells in the intestine of fruit flies has been discovered by researchers at Stockholm University.

BIDMC-lead team develops new approach to study long non-coding RNAs
In a groundbreaking paper, investigators at the Cancer Research Institute Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center developed a novel approach to identify and determine the functional role of lncRNAs relevant to chemotherapy resistance in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML).

3-D human 'mini-brains' shed new light on genetic underpinnings of major mental illness
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital are leveraging gene-editing tools and mini-organs grown in the lab to study the effects of DISC1 mutations in cerebral organoids -- 'mini brains' -- cultured from human stem cells.

Low total testosterone in men widespread, linked to chronic disease
New research finds that more men have suboptimal testosterone levels than previously known, and it may be putting these men at risk.

A complete cell atlas and lineage tree of the immortal flatworm
From one stem cell to many differentiated body cells: Scientists from the MDC in Berlin, along with collaborating researchers in Munich, have published a comprehensive lineage tree of a whole adult animal in the journal Science.

Clear as mud: Desiccation cracks help reveal the shape of water on Mars
As Curiosity rover marches across Mars, the red planet's watery past comes into clearer focus.

Male contraceptive compound stops sperm without affecting hormones
A new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE details how a compound called EP055 binds to sperm proteins to significantly slow the overall mobility of the sperm without affecting hormones, making EP055 a potential 'male pill' without side effects.

Handgrip strength test is good indicator of survival in lung cancer patients
A simple test of handgrip strength is a good indicator of short- and long-term survival in patients with early, stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to new findings to be presented at ESTRO 37 -- Europe's largest radiation oncology conference.

Neurodegenerative diseases: Deadly droplets
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich researchers have characterized the mechanism that initiates the pathological aggregation of the protein FUS, which plays a central role in two distinct neurodegenerative diseases.

World's hardest material, diamond, is flexible
Discovery by NTU's Professor Subra Suresh and his international research team that diamonds can be stretched by 9 percent without breaking.

Scientists identify 170 potential lung cancer drug targets using unique cellular library
After testing more than 200,000 chemical compounds, UT Southwestern's Simmons Cancer Center researchers have identified 170 chemicals that are potential candidates for development into drug therapies for lung cancer.

New ant species from Borneo explodes to defend its colony
When their colony is threatened by an intruder, workers of a newly discovered species of ant can actually tear their own body apart, in order to release toxins and either kill or hold off the enemy.

Atoms may hum a tune from grand cosmic symphony
Researchers playing with a cloud of ultracold atoms uncovered behavior that bears a striking resemblance to the universe in microcosm.

Coronary heart disease: DMP could be extended by two topics
Almost all health care aspects need to be updated. The already third search update for guidelines shows that their number and quality have increased notably in 10 years.

Pregnant moms and their offspring should limit added sugars in their diets to protect childhood cognition
A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine has determined that poorer childhood cognition occurred, particularly in memory and learning, when pregnant women or their offspring consumed greater quantities of sugar.

Putting proteins in their proper place
A host of nuclear RNA-binding proteins, when misplaced outside the nucleus, form the harmful clumps seen in several brain disorders, including FTD and ALS.

Swapping cars for shared bicycles would avoid up to 73 deaths per year
A new study underscores the health and economic benefits of the 12 largest European bicycle-sharing systems.

Elderly less likely to benefit from simultaneous radio- & chemotherapy for lung cancer
An analysis of elderly patients treated in a phase II trial of radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer has shown that they were less likely to benefit than younger patients if the two treatments were given at the same time.

What's needed for the next WHO Biosafety Handbook
In this Policy Forum, Kazunobu Kojima et al. highlight key issues that should be addressed through the next revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) Laboratory Biosafety Manual (LBM).

Thousands of tons of e-waste is shipped illegally to Nigeria inside used vehicles
A study into used electrical and electronic equipment sent to Nigeria, mostly from Europe, reveals a continuing 'severe problem' of non-compliance with rules governing such shipments.

How to bend and stretch a diamond
Brittle diamond can turn flexible and stretchable when made into ultrafine needles, researchers at MIT and elsewhere have discovered.

Hubble celebrates 28th anniversary with a trip through the Lagoon Nebula
This colorful cloud of glowing interstellar gas is just a tiny part of the Lagoon Nebula, a vast stellar nursery.

Landmark study links tumor evolution to prostate cancer severity
Findings from Canadian Prostate Cancer Genome Network (CPC-GENE) researchers and their collaborators, published today in Cell, show that the aggressiveness of an individual prostate cancer can be accurately assessed by looking at how that tumor has evolved.

Defect in debilitating neurodegenerative disease reversed in mouse nerves
Scientists have developed a new drug compound that shows promise as a future treatment for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, an inherited, often painful neurodegenerative condition that affects nerves in the hands, arms, feet and legs.

Vitamin D deficiency linked to greater risk of diabetes
An epidemiological study conducted by researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Seoul National University suggests that persons deficient in vitamin D may be at much greater risk of developing diabetes.

Feather replacement or parental care? Migratory birds desert their offspring to molt
A new study shows that when feather replacement and parental care overlap in time, migratory songbirds make a striking trade-off; they desert their offspring, leaving their mates to provide all remaining parental care.

Want to be seen as cool? Just say, 'cheese!'
What makes a person cool? One University of Arizona researcher says the difference in being seen as cool or not can be found in something as simple as a smile.

Pathways to spatial recognition
At the Janelia Research Campus, postdoctoral research scientist Mark Cembrowski, who is part of Group Leader Nelson Spruston's lab, has been leading an effort to parse the cellular, molecular, and behavioral components of spatial recognition.

Enlarged spleen key to diving endurance of Indonesian 'sea nomads'
The Bajau, a population of sea nomads in Indonesia, are known for their ability to conduct prolonged and repeated deep dives while holding their breath.

Far-red fluorescent silk can kill harmful bacteria as biomedical and environmental remedy
A silk hybrid material attacks bacteria when illuminated by a green light, thanks to a far-red fluorescent protein researchers transferred to its genetic makeup.

Using the right plants can reduce indoor pollution and save energy
In a Review published April 19 in Trends in Plant Science, Frederico Brilli, a plant physiologist at the National Research Council of Italy - Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, and colleagues conclude that a better knowledge of plant physiology, along with integration of smart-sensor-controlled air cleaning technologies, could improve indoor air quality in a cost-effective and sustainable way.

Molecule that dilates blood vessels hints at new way to treat heart disease
Americans die of heart or cardiovascular disease at an alarming rate.

Innovations for investigating the plant tree of life
Advances in genome sequencing are providing vast amounts of genetic information that researchers are using to explore the plant family tree.

Porous salts for fuel cells
Scientists have developed a new class of crystalline porous organic salts with high proton conductivity for applications such as proton-exchange membranes for fuel cells.

Two Hubble views of the same stellar nursery
These NASA Hubble Space Telescope images compare two diverse views of the roiling heart of a vast stellar nursery, known as the Lagoon Nebula.

Hydrogenation of levulinic acid over carbon supported small ruthenium nanoparticles
An improved performance (activity, selectivity and stability) catalyst for the LA hydrogenation reaction is developed based on carbon supported ruthenium with low metal particle size (1.2 nm).

Policy driver of soil organic carbon accumulation in Chinese croplands identified
Scientists from the Institute of Soil Science and collaborators conducted a comprehensive study that determined changes in SOC over the last three decades and identified the dominant agronomic, economic and policy drivers behind these changes and their implications for future carbon sequestration in Chinese croplands.

Young victims of cyberbullying twice as likely to attempt suicide and self-harm
New research suggests that it is not just the victims of cyberbullying that are more vulnerable to suicidal behaviours, but the perpetrators themselves are also at higher risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts and behaviours.

New strategies for hospitals during mass casualty incidents
Using the layout of a typical urban hospital, the authors investigated a hospital's capacity and capability to handle mass casualty incidents of various sizes with various characteristics, and assessed the effectiveness of designed demand management and capacity-expansion strategies.

Erectile dysfunction drugs may help treat many other conditions
A new British Journal of Pharmacology review examines how phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors, which were originally approved to treat erectile dysfunction, are finding clinical uses for a wide variety of conditions.

Chip-based blood test for multiple myeloma could make bone biopsies a relic of the past
A University of Kansas research effort has resulted in a low-cost, reliable blood test that uses a small plastic chip about the size of a credit card that can deliver the same diagnostic information as a bone biopsy -- but using a simple blood draw instead.

Optogenetic study shows that male flies find ejaculation pleasurable
Researchers reporting in Current Biology on April 19 show that male fruit flies find sex -- and more specifically ejaculation -- to be an inherently rewarding experience.

Scientists re-create brain neurons to study obesity and personalize treatment
Scientists have re-created brain neurons of obese patients using 'disease in a dish' technology, offering a new method to study the brain's role in obesity and possibly help tailor treatments to specific individuals.

Successive solid transformations induced electron transfer and switchable functions
Electron-transfer in solid is crucial to switchable magnetic, electrical, optical, and mechanical properties.

British pilots score high on burnout scale -- but still perform well
A study among British airline pilots shows that 20 percent of them have scores on a burnout scale that are comparable to those of people that are under burnout treatment.

Let's talk about sex chromosomes
Vincent Pasque from KU Leuven, Belgium, and Kathrin Plath from UCLA led an international study into how specialized cells reprogram to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS).

'Peace agreements have always only succeeded with genuine trust'
Gifts, peace banquets and reconciliation rituals: according to historians, peace agreements have historically been reached if, above all, specific trust could be established between opponents.

Integrating optical components into existing chip designs
A new technique co-developed at MIT can assemble optical and electronic components separately on the surface of a computer chip, enabling the addition of optical components to existing chips with little design modification.

Rare earth magnet recycling is a grind -- this new process takes a simpler approach
A new recycling process developed at the US Department of Energy's Critical Materials Institute turns discarded hard disk drive magnets into new magnet material in a few steps, and tackles both the economic and environmental issues typically associated with mining e-waste for valuable materials.

New device to help patients with rare disease access life-saving treatment
Patients with a rare medical condition can receive life-saving treatment at the touch of a button thanks to a new device developed by scientists.

Neurons derived from super-obese people respond differently to appetite hormones
US scientists have successfully generated hypothalamic-like neurons from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) taken from the blood and skin cells of super-obese individuals and people with a normal body weight.

Why traffic accidents with cyclists are becoming increasingly more common
The bicycle is a cheap and ecological way of transport, and it is also a healthy option.

Online ads help pregnant smokers quit
New research shows that online ads encouraging pregnant women to take up stop smoking support could be more effective than advice delivered in a clinical setting.

GLUT5 fluorescent probe fingerprints cancer cells
Getting the results of a cancer biopsy can take up to two weeks.

Study examines sperm production in men with testicular cancer
In a study of men with testicular cancer, increasing tumor size relative to testis size was linked with a reduced ability to produce sperm.

Does concussion recovery and symptom severity differ between men and women?
A new study comparing male and female athletes examined whether there are clear sex-related differences in post-concussion symptom severity and length of recovery.

Study may explain why some triple-negative breast cancers are resistant to chemotherapy
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive form of the disease accounting for 12 to 18 percent of breast cancers.

Novel antioxidant makes old blood vessels seem young again
Older adults who take an antioxidant that specifically targets mitochondria see age-related changes in blood vessels reverse by the equivalent of 15 to 20 years within six weeks, a new study shows.

Study shows rapid rise in mass school shootings in the US
More people have died or been injured in mass school shootings in the US in the past 18 years than in the entire 20th century.

How can medical marijuana benefit older adults?
Managing symptoms such as pain, nausea, and psychiatric illness can be challenging as people age.

Study calls for industry legislation to build a better future in developing countries
New research from the University of Portsmouth has called for stronger industry legislation in developing countries to help fight business monopolies reducing competition.

Which pain medication is safest for arthritis patients?
In a recent Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics study, arthritis patients taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain plus a stomach acid-reducing medicine called esomeprazole had infrequent gastrointestinal side effects.

'Rip Van Winkle' plants hide underground for up to 20 years
Scores of plant species are capable of living dormant under the soil for up to 20 years, enabling them to survive through difficult times, a new study has found.

Algorithm tool works to silence online chatroom sex predators
An algorithm tool developed by Purdue Polytechnic Institute faculty will help law enforcement filter out and focus on sex offenders most likely to set up face-to-face meetings with child victims.

Genetic adaptations to diving discovered in humans for the first time
Evidence that humans can genetically adapt to diving has been identified for the first time in a new study.

Research reveals stronger people have healthier brains
A study of nearly half a million people has revealed that muscular strength, measured by handgrip, is an indication of how healthy our brains are.

UCalgary researchers develop a new method to discover drugs to treat epilepsy
For more than a third of children living with epilepsy, the currently approved medications do not stop their seizures.

NASA GPM data used to evaluate Hawaii's flooding rainfall
A weather system moving slowly westward through the northwestern Hawaiian Islands has caused destructive flooding and mudslides and NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite analyzed the heavy rainfall.

Novel discoveries on aggressive NK-cell leukemia pave the way for new treatments
International research consortium led by researchers from the University of Helsinki, Finland, discovered new information related to a rare form of leukemia called aggressive NK-cell leukemia.

For nuclear weapons reduction, a way to verify without revealing
MIT researchers have found a new way of verifying nuclear weapons reduction agreements without revealing secret information, using a physical cryptographic key and nuclear resonant phenomena.

Natural selection gave a freediving people in Southeast Asia bigger spleens
The Bajau people of Southeast Asia, known as Sea Nomads, spend their whole lives at sea, working eight-hour diving shifts with traditional equipment and short breaks to catch fish and shellfish for their families.

Study predicts 2018 flu vaccine will have 20 percent efficacy
A Rice University study of 6,610 human flu sequences predicts that this fall's flu vaccine will likely have the same reduced efficacy against the dominant circulating strain of influenza A as the vaccine given in 2016 and 2017 due to viral mutations related to vaccine production in eggs.

Small changes in rainforests cause big damage to fish ecosystems
Using lasers, researchers have connected, arranged and merged artificial cells, paving the way for networks of artificial cells acting as tissues.

Scientists identify unique binding mechanism of antifreeze molecule
Antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs), produced by polar fishes, are known as the inhibitor of ice growing while its mechanism has remained a mystery.

New research findings suggest that most vulnerable patients across Africa are at risk of receiving sub-optimal malaria treatment
A large proportion of malaria patients in endemic countries in Africa are likely to receive doses of malaria medicine that are too low to offer effective treatment, according to new research presented at the MIM Conference taking place in Dakar this week.

Scientists identify connection between dopamine and behavior related to pain and fear
Scientists have for the first time found direct causal links between the neurotransmitter dopamine and avoidance -- behavior related to pain and fear.

New research could literally squeeze more power out of solar cells
Physicists at the University of Warwick have published new research in the journal Science April 19, 2018, (via the Journal's First Release pages) that could literally squeeze more power out of solar cells by physically deforming each of the crystals in the semiconductors used by photovoltaic cells.

Blowfly uses saliva to keep cool
The insect moves droplet of saliva in and out of its mouth to promote evaporation and lower body temperature, according to study by researchers in Brazil.

Dementia diagnosis linked to unnecessary medication use
A new international study led by University of Sydney has found that medication use increases in newly diagnosed dementia patients, particularly unnecessary or inappropriate medications.

Human protein important for cellular communication resembles bacterial toxin
A protein that plays an important role in embryonic development and nervous system wiring in humans appears to have been borrowed from bacteria.

More students report carrying guns in Chicago than New York or Los Angeles
More students report carrying guns in Chicago than in New York or Los Angeles, a new Northwestern Medicine study shows.

Diamond-like carbon is formed differently to what was believed -- machine learning enables development of new model
Researchers at Aalto University and Cambridge University have made a significant breakthrough in computational science by combining atomic-level modelling and machine learning.

Biofeedback relaxation app may help kids during medical procedures
A new Pain Practice study indicates that biofeedback-assisted relaxation may help manage pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures.

New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer
ICFO researchers, in collaboration with MIT and University of Minho, are able to confine and guide light down to a space of 1-atom thick in dimension.

The bugs in your gut could make you weak in the knees
Scientists have long thought that osteoarthritis in people who are obese was a consequence of excess wear and tear on joints, but a new study in JCI Insight suggests that the microbiome is the culprit.

Depression during and after pregnancy may affect children's development
Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy, in the first year postpartum, and in early childhood were linked with poorer child neurodevelopment in a recent Depression & Anxiety study.

Electrochemical tuning of single layer materials relies on defects
Perfection is not everything, according to an international team of researchers whose 2-D materials study shows that defects can enhance a material's physical, electrochemical, magnetic, energy and catalytic properties.

Cancer: Tumor transition states
Researchers at the Université libre de Bruxelles define for the first time the tumor transition states occurring during cancer progression and identify the tumor cell populations responsible for metastasis.

Researchers use CRISPR to edit DNA outside of the cell for the first time
Scientists at Christiana Care Health System's Gene Editing Institute have developed a potentially breakthrough CRISPR gene-editing tool.

Gene variant increases empathy-driven fear in mice
A small difference in a gene affecting brain circuitry explains variations in empathic fear among different inbred mice strains.

Researchers achieve HD video streaming at 10,000 times lower power
Engineers at the University of Washington have developed a new HD video streaming method that doesn't need to be plugged in.

Age affects how we predict and respond to stress at home
A recent study finds that older adults are better than younger adults at anticipating stressful events at home -- but older adults are not as good at using those predictions to reduce the adverse impacts of the stress.

Drug combination targeting HSP90 and BRAF is safe and effective in advanced melanoma
A team of researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center have been working to learn more about how melanoma becomes resistant to BRAF inhibitors in order to develop new treatment strategies.

Spider silk key to new bone-fixing composite
UConn researchers have created a biodegradable composite made of silk fibers that can be used to repair broken load-bearing bones without the complications sometimes presented by other materials.

Remote-control shoots laser at nano-gold to turn on cancer-killing immune cells
Cancer immune cell therapy has made headlines with astounding successes like saving former US President Jimmy Carter from brain cancer.

Smartphone app successfully promotes child car seat safety
A smartphone app designed to promote proper child car seat use among parents proved effective in a study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

New study investigates whether Hans Asperger actively assisted the Nazi euthanasia program
Pediatrician Hans Asperger, after whom the condition of Asperger syndrome was named, actively cooperated with the Nazi regime, according to a study published in the open-access journal Molecular Autism. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to