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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | April 27, 2018


The digital transformation of news media and the rise of online disinformation
A new report by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre contains an overview of the relevant economic research literature on the digital transformation of news markets and related impact on the quality of news.
Bright future for solar cell technology
New all-inorganic perovskite solar cells tackle three key challenges in solar cell technology: efficiency, stability, and cost.
NUS-led study: Beltway to divert diesel trucks in Sao Paulo improved public health
A study by researchers from the National University of Singapore and the University of Sao Paulo revealed that a beltway constructed to divert heavy-duty diesel vehicles traffic in the Brazilian city of Sao Paulo has reduced public health damage associated with exposure to diesel.
Artificial intelligence helps soldiers learn many times faster in combat
New technology allows US soldiers to learn 13 times faster than conventional methods and Army researchers said this may help save lives.
Research gives new ray of hope for solar fuel
The quest to develop the 'Holy Grail' of affordable, viable and environmentally-friendly fuels using sunlight has taken an exciting new twist.
A potential new weapon in the addiction battle: FDA-approved diabetes and obesity drugs
Research from the University of Pennsylvania reveals that FDA-approved drugs to treat diabetes and obesity may reduce cocaine relapse and help people who are addicted break the habit.
Helmholtz researchers get to grips with a herpesvirus
Human herpesvirus 6 infects most people all over the world.
Hearing screening for public safety professionals -- New method for 'fitness for duty' assessments
Hearing Screening for Public Safety Professionals - New Method for 'Fitness for Duty' Assessments
Parents may help prep kids for healthier, less violent relationships
Warm, nurturing parents may pass along strategies for building and maintaining positive relationships to their kids, setting them up for healthier, less-violent romantic relationships as young adults, according to researchers.
First ever risk tool predicts readmission rates for patients after undergoing TAVR
A new study looked at the effectiveness of novel risk tool to predict 30-day readmission rates in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) presented today at SCAI 2018 Scientific Sessions.
Multiple sclerosis drug could reduce painful side effects of common cancer treatment
Researchers from the Saint Louis University School of Medicine have discovered why many multiple myeloma patients experience severe pain when treated with the anticancer drug bortezomib.
TACC builds seamless software for scientific innovation
Scientific software resources are an integral part of the nation's cyberinfrastructure.
Gene transfer alters the neurodegenerative course of GM2 gangliosidosis
This review outlines current knowledge pertaining the pathobiology as well as potential innovative treatments for the GM2 gangliosidoses.
Capturing of the rare Yanbaru whiskered bat
The critically endangered Yanbaru whiskered bat, Myotis yanbarensis, has been caught for the first time on Okinawa Island since its discovery 22 years ago.
UAB-led study shows drug effectiveness in reducing glucocorticoid-induced bone loss
About one in every 100 people in the world takes glucocorticoids long term to treat immune-mediated diseases.
Scientists calculate radiation dose in bone from victim of Hiroshima bombing
In an article published in PLOS ONE, Brazilian researchers describe the first retrospective dosimetric study by electron spin resonance spectroscopy using human tissue from nuclear attack victims.
Scientists project a drier Amazon and wetter Indonesia in the future
Climate models predict that an increase in greenhouse gases will dry out the Amazon rainforest in the future while causing wetter conditions in the woodlands of Africa and Indonesia.
Culprit vessel-only strategy has lower mortality rates compared to routine MVI
A contemporary, real-world analysis shows lower mortality rates when culprit-only intervention is used for patients with multivessel disease (MVD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with cardiogenic shock (CS).
Online reviews of plastic surgeons -- study looks at differences between happy and unhappy patients
Good cosmetic results are an important factor -- but not the only factor -- differentiating positive versus negative reviews for plastic surgeons on Google, Yelp, and other online review sites, according to a special topic paper in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
Catching mantle plumes by their magma tails
Simulations show how mantle plumes decelerate seismic waves and how plumes appear in seismic tomographic images of Earth's mantle.
Mouse study identifies new target for human accelerated aging syndrome
Scientists from the University of Cambridge have identified a potential therapeutic target in the devastating genetic disease Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS), which is characterized by premature aging.
Why cereal is better
Cereal is much more drought-tolerant than other plants. Researchers from Würzburg have now found out why that is so.
Platelet-rich plasma for cosmetic facial procedures -- promising results, but evidence has limitations
Most studies evaluating platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for facial rejuvenation and other cosmetic procedures have reported positive results, according to a critical review in the May issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
Bristol researchers use gene editing to improve red blood cell transfusion compatibility
Synthetic biologists at the University of Bristol have succeeded in generating laboratory-made red blood cells with rare blood group types that could one day be used to help patients who cannot be matched with donor blood.
Solanine in potatoes: Green and strongly germinating potato tubers should be sorted out
Following a case of poisoning caused by a potato dish, the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment is reminding people about the correct handling of potatoes.
Scientists verify a way of how to improve resolution of most powerful microscopes
A Russian-British research team experimentally verified previously simulated anomalous amplitude apodization for non-spherical particles, that has multiple applications in areas where sub-wavelength focusing is required.
First results announced for the AVIATOR 2 international multicenter registry
Results of the AVIATOR 2 international registry are being presented as late-breaking clinical science at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 2018 Scientific Sessions.
City fish evolve different body forms than country fish
A North Carolina State University study examining the effects of urbanization on the evolution of fish body shape produced both expected and surprising results: One fish species became more sleek in response to urbanization, while another species became deeper bodied in urban areas.
Researchers map the potential spread of yellow fever virus to cities around the world
The deadly yellow fever virus has the potential to spread into cities around the world where it previously hasn't been seen, according to a new study led by St.
86 million workdays lost to migraine in the UK every year
Migraine costs the UK economy £8.8 billion per year in lost productivity, a new report by the Work Foundation reveals.
Contemporary update to PROGRESS-CTO International Registry shows successful outcomes
A significant update to the PROGRESS-CTO International Registry was presented today as late-breaking clinical science at SCAI Scientific Sessions 2018.
Introduced species overlooked in biodiversity reporting
The reports on biodiversity are based on indicators that only take indigenous -- i.e.
Growing 'dead zone' confirmed by underwater robots in the Gulf of Oman
New research reveals a growing 'dead zone' in the Gulf of Oman.
Size matters when fighting cancer, groundbreaking UTHealth study finds
Doctors could be a step closer to finding the most effective way to treat cancer with a double whammy of a virus combined with boosting the natural immune system, according to a pioneering study by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) and The Ohio State University.
Black-oriented films can be highly profitable when marketed to all audiences, study finds
Hollywood tends to market Black-oriented media, and media oriented around other people of color, to only audiences of color.
A shape to remember
Kyoto University scientists are one step closer to designing porous materials that can change and retain their shapes -- a function known as shape-memory effect.
New technology for measuring brain blood flow with light
Biomedical engineers at UC Davis have developed a new technique for measuring blood flow in the human brain, which could be used in patients with stroke or traumatic brain injury, for example.
In multiple myeloma, different types of blood biopsies match up well with bone marrow tests
Scientists from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have shown that two ways to measure multiple myeloma DNA in blood samples provide highly detailed sets of genetic information that agree well not just with each other but with results from bone marrow tests.
Partial mechanical unfolding may regulate protein function
A study carried out as a collaborative approach between University of Tampere, Finland, and Imperial College London has shown that mechanically regulated proteins talin and α-catenin have stable intermediates during mechanical unfolding.
Protein responsible for Leukemia's aggressiveness identified
Researchers have identified a protein critical for the aggressiveness of T-cell leukemia, a subtype of leukemia that afflicts children and adults.
New way of producing intense radiation could offer less harmful alternative to x-rays
A new source of intense terahertz (THz) radiation, which could offer a less harmful alternative to x-rays and has strong potential for use in industry, is being developed by scientists at the University of Strathclyde and Capital Normal University in Beijing.
New catalyst turns ammonia into an innovative clean fuel
Ammonia (NH3) has attracted attention in recent years as a carbon-free fuel that does not emit carbon dioxide.
Music activates regions of the brain spared by Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at the University of Utah Health are looking to the salience network of the brain to develop music-based treatments to help alleviate anxiety in patients with dementia.
A powerful laser breakthrough
Lehigh University research team and Sandia National Laboratories develop a simple, effective technique to enhance the power output of single-mode lasers that are 'surface-emitting' (as opposed to those using an 'edge-emitting' configuration).
FAST's first discovery of a millisecond pulsar
China's Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST), still under commissioning, discovered a radio millisecond pulsar (MSP) coincident with the unassociated gamma-ray source 3FGL J0318.1+0252 in the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) point-source list.
Study reveals how bacteria communicate in groups to avoid antibiotics
researchers from the University of Notre Dame and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have found that a bacterium that causes pneumonia, sepsis and other infections, communicates distress signals within a group of bacteria in response to certain antibiotics.
Glioma subtypes determine how the dangerous tumors spread, evade anti-angiogenic treatment
A multi-institutional research team led by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital and the University of California San Francisco has identified a new mechanism by which the dangerous brain tumors called gliomas develop resistance to anti-angiogenic treatment.
A first for quantum physics: Electron orbitals manipulated in diamonds
While defects in a diamond are mostly undesirable, certain defects are a quantum physicist's best friend, having the potential to store bits of information that could one day be used in a quantum computing system.
Research improves prospects for imperiled Devils Hole Pupfish in captivity
In a first-of-its-kind study of comparing the microbiology of Devils Hole with that of a constructed scale replica at the Ash Meadows Fish Conservation Facility (AMFCF), a team of scientists from the Desert Research Institute (DRI) in Las Vegas discovered key differences in nutrient levels and species composition that may be impacting the ability of the highly endangered Devils Hole Pupfish (Cyprinodon diabolis) to survive in captivity.
Ancient quids reveal clues about genetic ancestry of early Great Basin inhabitants
New research from a Nevada-led team showcases modern research methods that have revealed clues about the genetic ancestry of Native Americans who inhabited the Desert Southwest almost 1,000 years ago.

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