Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 08, 2018
New biomarker identified for early diagnosis of lung cancer
In a novel study in The American Journal of Pathology investigators found that CKAP4 levels were significantly higher in patients with lung cancer than in healthy individuals.

Uterine cancer survivors are more likely to have cardiovascular problems
A new study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute indicates that survivors of uterine cancer are more likely to experience cardiovascular problems years after treatment.

Simple post-surgery step reduces bladder cancer recurrence
In the latest issue of JAMA, SWOG researchers show that flushing the bladder with a common chemotherapy drug immediately after surgery significantly reduces the chances of bladder cancer returning.

Carbon satellite to serve as an important tool for politicians and climate change experts
A new satellite that measures and provides detailed carbon balance information is one of the most important new tools in carbon measurement since infrared light, believe researchers from the University of Copenhagen.

Researchers use emojis to develop a modern face scale for product testing
A new study finds that emojis are a viable alternative to words when it comes to accurately measuring how kids feel about food, products and other experiences.

USPSTF recommendation statement on screening for prostate cancer
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that men 55 to 69 who are interested in screening talk to their doctors about potential benefits and harms of screening for prostate cancer before deciding whether to undergo periodic prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening.

A new mechanism for neurodegeneration in a form of dementia
A new study in Biological Psychiatry reports that dementia-related and psychiatric-related proteins cluster together to form aggregates in the brain, leading to abnormal cell function and behavior.

New shrew species discovered on 'sky island' in Philippines
A team of scientists, including Larry Heaney, Negaunee Curator of Mammals at the Field Museum in Chicago, recently identified Palawanosorex muscorum, a new species of shrew known more informally as the Palawan moss shrew.

York U researcher identifies 15 new species of stealthy cuckoo bees
Cuckoo bees sneakily lay their eggs in the nests of other bee species, after which their newly hatched prodigies kill the host egg or larva, and then feed on the stored pollen.

MRI 'glove' provides new look at hand anatomy
A new kind of MRI component in the shape of a glove delivers the first clear images of bones, tendons and ligaments moving together.

Researchers discover cellular messengers communicate with bacteria in the mouth
Study authors Dr. David Wong, professor of oral biology and associate dean for research at the UCLA School of Dentistry, and Dr.

Heartbeat out of sync
Life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias often occur after a heart attack, as the scar tissue can interfere with the spread of electrical impulses that activate the heart.

Our vulnerable nervous system: What affects its protective sheaths?
Multiple sclerosis is a serious neurological condition that has no known cure.

Impaired brain pathways may cause attention problems after stroke
Damage to some of the pathways that carry information throughout the brain may be responsible for attention deficit in patients who have had a subcortical stroke in the brain's right hemisphere, according to a new study.

Leopard meals: Females go for diversity
Leopards, top predators of the African savannah, are known to feed on a variety of prey species.

Prolonged exposure to air pollution leads to genetic changes in rat brains, study finds
Prolonged exposure to particulate matter in air pollution in the Los Angeles Basin triggered inflammation and the appearance of cancer-related genes in the brains of rats, a Cedars-Sinai study has found.

New research unveils bird migration strategies
Using weather surveillance radar and citizen-science data, researchers are learning how migratory birds return to their breeding grounds in North America each spring with near-pinpoint accuracy.

Tracing the footprints of a tumor: Genomic 'scars' allow cancer profiling
Mutations driving cancer development leave behind specific 'scars,' so-called mutational signatures, in the genome.

3-D printing of weapons threatens security on global, national and personal level
A new RAND Corporation paper suggests additive manufacturing could benefit military adversaries, violent extremists and even street criminals, who could produce their own weapons for use and sale.

Scientists train spider to jump on demand to discover secrets of animal movement
Scientists have unlocked the secrets of how some predatory spiders catch their prey whilst hunting by successfully training one to jump different distances and heights for the first time.

Can chimpanzee vocalizations reveal the origins of human language?
Fossil primates provide important clues about human evolution, but the sounds they made and the soft tissue involved in making those sounds weren't preserved.

Drinking more water does not slow decline of kidney function for kidney disease patients
A new study, published in JAMA by researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute and Western University, found that coaching patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) to drink more water does not slow down the decline of their kidney function.

New research: Some gut bacteria may protect against intestinal infection
Scientists have for the first time found evidence that a microbe in the human gut is associated with protection from typhoid fever infection.

Crowdfunding campaigns for unproven stem cell-based interventions
Crowdfunding campaigns by patients to raise money to pay for unproven stem cell treatments not covered by insurance often underemphasize risks and exaggerate the effectiveness of these treatments.

Does HPV vaccination prevent the development of cervical cancer?
New evidence published today in the Cochrane Library shows that human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines protect against cervical lesions in young women, particularly in those who are vaccinated between the ages of 15 and 26.

Overpopulation of free-roaming cats drives hunt for better contraceptive
Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers at the Alliance for Contraception in Cats and Dogs embarked on a project to determine if GonaCon™, a nonsurgical contraceptive used in some wildlife species, might provide a solution for overpopulation of free-roaming cats.

Watch how a T cell passes HIV sexually to a new host
While it's well known that HIV is transmitted sexually, how the virus crosses genital mucus membranes to reach its targets in the immune system is less understood.

Polarized light: A simple route to highly chiral materials
Researchers at University of Tokyo used an efficient method to create chiral materials using circularly polarized light.

Scientists dive into museum collections to reveal the invasion route of a small crustacean
While studies on biological invasions tend to focus on new records, Sabrina Lo Brutto and Davide Iaciofano, went on to clarify a biological invasion at the Atlantic European coast.

Equal subsidies 'surprisingly powerful,' in promoting use of gold-standard medications
International aid groups promoting gold-standard anti-malarial treatments subsidize each pharmaceutical companies equally.

Unexpected behavior of atom clouds challenges existing theories
Clouds of ultra-cold atoms are a perfect model system to study fundamental questions of many-particle quantum physics.

For women with history of pregnancy loss, walking may aid chance of becoming pregnant
The study was conducted by recent graduate Lindsey Russo and her advisor Brian Whitcomb, associate professor of biostatistics and epidemiology in the School of Public Health and Health Sciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Blocking the molecular source of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Successfully tested in mice, targeted drug and gene therapies might one day benefit patients with a deadly lung disease, new U-M research finds.

Type of maternal homework assistance affects child's persistence
Different types of maternal homework assistance have a different impact on the child's way of completing school assignments in grades 2 to 4 of elementary school, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Jyväskylä.

Cell phones at summer camp: Research explores the effects
New research from University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children's Hospital delves into how digital media might affect the camp experience.

Malaria parasite accumulates undetected in bone marrow
A Plasmodium vivax infection is like an iceberg: It's dangerous, in part, because much of it hides out of view.

At the forefront of developing new insights into peacebuilding
The contribution of economic, social and cultural rights to sustaining global peace is largely overlooked within new developments to tackle violent conflict, says new research led by Lancaster University.

A new approach to patient safety proactively addresses common health care system successes
Clinical researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital have published one of the first health care studies to examine how behavior aligned with Safety II concepts impacts patient safety.

Fringe benefits: Drug side effects could treat human hair loss
A new drug could ease the distress of men and women who suffer from baldness, according to researchers from the University of Manchester's Centre for Dermatology Research.

Symmetry is essential for power network synchronization
A joint research team from Tokyo Tech and North Carolina State University has clarified the fundamental principles for achieving the synchronization of power generator groups in power networks, which is essential for the stable supply of electric power.

Many Airbnb venues lack basic safety protections, new study suggests
Many Airbnb venues in the United States fail to provide the critical carbon monoxide and fire safety protections that are legally required of hotels and motels, suggests new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Texas A&M study links breast cancer to the body's internal clock
For years, doctors have associated the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations with an increased risk of breast cancer.

Tech bends light more efficiently, offers wider angles for light input
Engineering and physics researchers have developed a new technology for steering light that allows for more light input and greater efficiency -- a development that holds promise for creating more immersive augmented-reality display systems.

Cellular reprogramming approach promotes muscle regeneration in injured mice
Scientists have developed a simple and robust approach for directly reprogramming mature skin cells into immature muscle cells, called induced myogenic progenitor cells (iMPCs).

Regulation of the Hoxb gene cluster maintains blood-forming cells and inhibits leukemia
New research from the Stowers Institute for Medical Research reveals that a DNA regulatory element within the Regulation of the Hoxb cluster globally mediates signals to the majority of Hoxb genes to control their expression in blood-forming stem cells.

Hunting dogs may benefit from antioxidant boost in diet
Free radicals, those DNA-damaging single-oxygen atoms, are produced in spades during exercise.

What does a 'normal' voice sound like?
Humans communicate their intentions, feelings and desires verbally, so voice disorders can have devastating personal and professional consequences.

Amplification of key cellular organizer may initiate cancer, study suggests
Cells begin to accumulate centrosomes -- organelles that play a vital role during cell division -- before they transform into cancer cells, according to a new study of patients with Barrett's esophagus condition, which is associated with esophageal cancer.

Why does the Corona sizzle at one million °F? NJIT's Gregory Fleishman is unearthing clues
A team of physicists, led by NJIT's Gregory Fleishman, has recently discovered a phenomenon that may begin to untangle what they call

Theory for one type of superconductor solves puzzle in another
A 2017 theory proposed by Rice University physicists to explain the contradictory behavior of an iron-based high-temperature superconductor is helping solve a puzzle in a different type of unconventional superconductor, the

ONC201 kills breast cancer cells in vitro by targeting mitochondria
'Our work identifies a novel mechanism of ONC201 cytotoxicity that is based on the disruption of mitochondrial function, leading to ATP depletion and cell death in cancer cells that are dependent on mitochondrial respiration.

An innovation that opens horizons for greenhouse gases' remote monitoring
Brazilian researchers combine chip technology with laser calibration to enhance an infrared spectrometer which could be integrated to drones, smartphones and other portable devices.

Researchers improve textile composite manufacturing
While wearing a crisply ironed, wrinkle-free shirt makes a good impression, researchers at UBC's Okanagan campus are working to solve the issue of wrinkling when it comes to making textile composites.

Majority of the population trusts state structures in consumer health protection
Whether it's salmonella or antimicrobial resistance, residues of plant protection products or microplastics in food -- what health risks are consumers aware of?

Financial strain has major impact on patients' health care decisions
Low-income individuals are often reluctant or too embarrassed to discuss their financial hardships and constraints with caregivers during office visits.

Decoding tornadoes' infrasound waves
Tornado-producing storms can emit infrasound more than an hour before tornadogenesis, which inspired a group of researchers to develop a long-range, passive way of listening in on storms.

The secret of a long life
Why termite queens live exceptionally long and, at the same time, are extraordinary fertile.

The role of cannabis in the opioid crisis is focus of new expert roundtable discussion
A multidisciplinary panel of experts discussed how medicinal cannabis can impact the opioid crisis, though clinical research to quantify this is difficult given strict federal laws.

Researchers use 'league of legends' to gain insights into mental models
Psychology researchers have used the game League of Legends to advance our understanding of how people build 'mental models' -- the mental tools that allow people to make use of complex systems.

Tissue-engineered human pancreatic cells successfully treat diabetic mice
Researchers tissue-engineered human pancreatic islets in a laboratory that develop a circulatory system, secrete hormones like insulin and successfully treat sudden-onset type 1 diabetes in transplanted mice.

Inequality is normal: Dominance of the big trees
The top 1 percent of the forest has been sharing some vital information with researchers.

A national conversation is essential to addressing challenging needs of an aging population
Over 40 percent of all older adults in the United States are living with four or more chronic illnesses, receive care from a fragmented health care system, and are struggling with rising costs and uneven quality.

Switching off insatiable hunger
In a new study researchers from the Institute for Experimental Pediatric Endocrinology of the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have successfully treat patients whose obesity is caused by a genetic defect.

Stay safe, take the bus
A Montreal study reveals that people who travel by car are four times more likely to be injured than people who travel by city bus.

Despite mutations in makona Ebola virus, disease consistent in mice, monkeys
Early during the West African Ebola epidemic, scientists speculated that the genetic diversity of the Makona strain of virus (EBOV-Makona) would result in more severe disease and more transmissibility than prior strains.

Synchronizing cochlear signals stimulates brain to 'hear' in stereo
Using both ears to hear increases speech recognition and improves sound localization.

Scientists can measure population change through chemicals found in feces
Fecal stanols -- organic molecules -- located in sediment can give archaeologists new information about population numbers and changes, according to new research by faculty at Binghamton University, State University at New York.

Living in better neighborhood may protect health of kids in poverty
While poverty has long been linked with poor health, a study from UC San Francisco has found that simply living in a more desirable neighborhood may act as a health booster for low-income children.

Voltage loss in cable bacteria
An international research group has shed new light on cable bacteria.

Age, marital status, BMI and sleep associated with risk for dementia
Could your age, marital status, BMI (body mass index) and amount of sleep impact your risk for dementia?

Fringe benefits: Side effects of an immunosuppressant lead to treatment for hair loss
Hair loss can cause major psychological distress in patients, but a new drug could ease the distress of men and women who suffer from baldness, according to researchers from the University of Manchester's Centre for Dermatology Research.

Migratory animals carry more parasites, says study
Every year, billions of animals migrate across the globe, carrying parasites with them and encountering parasites through their travels.

Metastasis enablers: Findings could unlock new ovarian cancer treatments
New research from the lab of Pamela Kreeger, a University of Wisconsin-Madison biomedical engineering professor, has identified one way ovarian cancer cells appear to successfully spread.

Influence of technology acquisition on organizational performance studied in Iran
80 international companies from Iran were selected, and 320 respondents in key managerial positions were questioned.

Troubling stats for kids with intellectual disabilities
By federal law passed in 1975, children with intellectual disabilities are supposed to spend as much time as possible in general education classrooms.

Agile Implementation: Reengineering dissemination of healthcare in the US
In a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, clinician-researchers and implementation scientists from the Regenstrief Institute, Eskenazi Health, and Indiana University address the escalating need for faster implementation of healthcare innovation.

New study provides insight into blood signatures of inflammation
A new study from Boston University Schools of Medicine (BUSM) and Public Health (BUSPH) identifies a pattern of inflammation associated with cardio-metabolic risks among participants in the Black Women's Health Study, as well as two independent groups of vulnerable women.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis lessened with simple changes to the diet
One gram of fish oil a day could help reduce the pain of patients with osteoarthritis, a new study in Rheumatology reports.

Invasive procedures should be reserved for a sub-group of acid reflux patients, study says
As the number of Americans with acid reflux grows, a study by researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus says invasive procedures to treat those who don't respond to medication should be done for select patients.

Machine learning flags emerging pathogens
A new machine learning tool that can detect whether emerging strains of the bacterium, Salmonella are more likely to cause dangerous bloodstream infections rather than food poisoning has been developed.

Patients and families who experience delirium report more distress than those who do not
Researchers from Hebrew SeniorLife's Institute for Aging Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Brown University, and Yale School of Nursing have reported that patients who develop delirium (an acute decline of cognitive functioning) during or after a hospital stay report more distress than those who do not.

Scientists investigate new strategy to treat spinal muscular atrophy in infants
Scientists investigate new strategy to treat spinal muscular atrophy in infants.

Study looks at barriers to getting treatment for substance use disorders
For patients with substance use disorders seen in the emergency department or doctor's office, locating and accessing appropriate treatment all too often poses difficult challenges.

Scientists observe stronger-than-binary correlations with entangled photonic qutrits
Professor LI Chuanfeng's Group of CAS Key Laboratory of Quantum Information demonstrates the existence of stronger-than-binary correlations in quantum mechanics for the first time.

The far-reaching effects of ocean floors on the sea surface
Low rises on the ocean floor at a depth of 5,500 meters in the western North Pacific regulate surface flows and create sharp sea surface temperature (SST) fronts, which have tremendous effects on the climate and marine resources.

USTC develops all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic devices
USTC Microcavity Research Group in the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information have perfected a 4-port all-optically controlled non-reciprocal multifunctional photonic device based on a magnetic-field-free optomechanical resonator is demonstrated for the first time.
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