Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 14, 2018
Virtual avatar-to-avatar interviews may improve eyewitness testimony
Virtual avatar-to-avatar eyewitness interviews may increase the quantity and quality of recalled information compared to face-to-face interviews.

New tool predicts eye, hair and skin color from a DNA sample of an unidentified individual
An international team has developed a novel tool to accurately predict eye, hair and skin color from human biological material -- even a small DNA sample -- left, for example, at a crime scene or obtained from archeological remains.

New research says location of protected areas vital to wildlife survival
A new study, by 17 conservation scientists and environmental scholars, say the exact location of protective wild spaces is just as vital as committing to set these areas aside.

Serving smaller alcoholic drinks could reduce the UK's alcohol consumption
New research published in Addiction, conducted by researchers from the universities of Liverpool and Sheffield, highlights the potential benefits of reducing the standard serving size of alcoholic beverages.

HSS anesthesia education program sees sustainable results in Vietnam
Training local clinicians with regional anesthesia techniques has helped the Vietnamese medical community improve their approach to anesthesia care, results of a survey conducted by the Global Health Initiative at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) indicate.

Meeting with OBGYN prior to first exam empowers young women in medical settings
A new national survey by Orlando Health found that nearly 40 percent of women were at least somewhat concerned about what would happen during their first OBGYN exam.

Robot teaches itself how to dress people
A robot at the Georgia Institute of Technology is successfully sliding hospital gowns on people's arms.

Identifying PTSD could be affected under proposed changes to global diagnostic tool
Fewer individuals across the globe would be diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) under proposed changes to the most widely used diagnostic tool -- potentially impacting clinical practice, national data reporting and research.

Lignin -- A supergreen fuel for fuel cells
Researchers from the Laboratory of Organic Electronics at Linköping University have developed a fuel cell that uses lignin, a cheap by-product from paper manufacture and one of the most common biopolymers.

Antibodies against one hemorrhagic fever virus found to disarm a related virus
Research conducted in vitro shows two human antibodies made in response to vaccination against one hemorrhagic fever virus can disarm a related virus, for which there is currently no vaccine.

Altered body odor indicates malaria even if microscope doesn't
Typhoid Mary may have infected a hundred or more people, but asymptomatic carriers of malaria infect far more people every year.

Scientists find missing factor in gene activation
Scientists have unraveled a mystery on how genes are activated.

Less is more when it comes to prescription opioids for hospital patients, study finds
In a pilot study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, Yale researchers significantly reduced doses of opioid painkillers given to hospital patients.

Ice stream draining Greenland Ice Sheet sensitive to changes over past 45,000 years
A ribbon of ice more than 600 kilometers long that drains about 12 percent of the gigantic Greenland Ice Sheet has been smaller than it is today about half of the time over the past 45,000 years, a new study suggests.

How our ancestors with autistic traits led a revolution in Ice Age art
Around 30,000 years ago realistic art suddenly flourished in Europe.

Free children's visits increase care and workforce burden
In July 2015, all children under six years of age gained free access to daytime and out-of-hours general practice services in the Republic of Ireland, resulting in a 25 percent increase in utilization.

A new material quickly identifies the presence of harmful ions in food products
A team of scientists from MSU developed a new material based on silicon-titanium gel and a dye agent.

Cannabis use up among parents with children in the home
Cannabis use increased among parents who smoke cigarettes, as well as among non-smoking parents, according to a new study. Cannabis use was nearly four times more common among cigarette smokers compared with non-smokers. Until now, little had been known about current trends in the use of cannabis among parents with children in the home, the prevalence of exposure to both tobacco and cannabis, and which populations might be at greatest risk.

Genetic Non-Discrimination Act challenge from Quebec may open doors to genetic discrimination
If Canada's Genetic Non-Discrimination Act (GNA) is overturned by a challenge from the Province of Quebec, it will open the doors to genetic discrimination, argue authors in a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Tumor-like spheres help scientists discover smarter cancer drugs
The technique makes use of tiny, three-dimensional ball-like aggregates of cells called spheroids.

Preparing for the 'silver tsunami'
Case Western Reserve University law professor suggests how to address nation's looming health-care and economic crisis caused by surging baby-boom population.

Gout not associated with increased risk of fracture, study finds
Gout, a painful inflammatory arthritis, is not associated with an increased risk of fracture, according to a large study led by Keele University, and published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

A micro-thermometer to record tiny temperature changes
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and their collaborators have developed a micrometer-wide thermometer that is sensitive to heat generated by optical and electron beams, and can measure small and rapid temperature changes in real time.

Mini tractor beams help arrange artificial cells into tissue structures
Researchers have used lasers to connect, arrange and merge artificial cells, paving the way for networks of artificial cells that act like tissues.

New phase of globalization could undermine efforts to reduce CO2 emissions
New research reveals the growth of carbon production from Chinese exports has slowed or reversed, reflecting a 'new phase of globalization' between developing countries that could undermine international efforts to reduce emissions.

University of Alberta cyclotron could supply province's demand for medical isotopes
University of Alberta scientists have taken a critical step towards supplying Alberta's demand for medical isotopes.

CAMH study shows details of brain networks in autism
A CAMH study analyzing more than 1,000 brain scans reveals surprising new insights into brain networks in people with autism, after applying a new personalized approach to brain mapping.

Engineers on a roll toward smaller, more efficient radio frequency transformers
The future of electronic devices lies partly within the 'internet of things' -- the network of devices, vehicles and appliances embedded within electronics to enable connectivity and data exchange.

Plant peptide spells relief from salty stress
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) have discovered a hormone-like peptide in plants that helps increase their tolerance to excessive salt.

Study shows how bacteria guide electron flow for efficient energy generation
Biochemists at the University of Illinois have isolated a protein supercomplex from a bacterial membrane that, like a battery, generates a voltage across the bacterial membrane.

American tropics, Amazon origins
A new study, co-authored by Harvard Visiting Scholar Alexandre Antonelli and an international team of researchers, is suggesting many of the plants and animals that call Latin America home may actually have their roots in the Amazon.

ACP tells Congress: Spending cuts would hurt public health
In a letter to congressional leadership, the American College of Physicians (ACP) said that proposed spending cuts would damage children's access to health coverage, medical innovation, and public health.

Research examines wing shapes to reduce vortex and wake
Recent research at the University of Illinois demonstrated that, although most wing shapes used today create turbulent wake vortices, wing geometrics can be designed to reduce or eliminate wingtip vortices almost entirely.

What financial markets, cancer cells, and global warming have in common
A team of biophysicists from Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) presents a mathematically concise method for comparing different pricing models in their latest publication in Nature Communications.

Email encryption standards hacked
A research team from the University of Applied Sciences (FH) in Münster, Horst Görtz Institute for IT Security at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB), and Katholieke Universiteit Leuven has demonstrated that the two most common email encryption standards are vulnerable to attacks.

Keto diet protects optic nerve in glaucoma mouse model
Switching mice destined to develop glaucoma to a low carbohydrate, high fat diet protects the cells of the retina and their connections to the brain from degeneration, according to research published in JNeurosci.

Centralized infrastructure facilitates medical education research
The Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance has enabled a large number of research teams to conduct meaningful scholarship with a fraction of the usual time and energy.

Wearable ring, wristband allow users to control smart tech with hand gestures
New technology created by a team of Georgia Tech researchers could make controlling text or other mobile applications as simple as '1-2-3.' Using acoustic chirps emitted from a ring and received by a wristband, like a smartwatch, the system is able to recognize 22 different micro finger gestures that could be programmed to various commands -- including a T9 keyboard interface, a set of numbers, or application commands like playing or stopping music.

Where hominid brains are concerned, size doesn't matter
Researchers pieced together traces of Homo naledi's brain shape from an extraordinary collection of skull fragments and partial crania, from at least five adult individuals.

Uncertainty in long-run economic growth likely points toward greater emissions, climate change costs
A challenge in estimating the extent and cost of damages from climate change over the next 100 years is developing forecasts of long-run economic growth.

Molecule that acts on human cells might provide hope for 'irresistible' cold cure
Researchers have lab-tested a molecule that can combat the common cold virus by preventing it from hijacking human cells.

Marketing to physicians by opioid pharma companies leads to more opioid prescriptions
Researchers from Boston Medical Center's Grayken Center for Addiction examined pharmaceutical payments from 2014, ranging from consulting fees to meals, and found that doctors who received any opioid pharmaceutical marketing increased their prescribing in 2015, writing nine percent more opioid prescriptions than doctors who received no marketing.

Are your children overdoing it? Too many extracurricular activities can do more harm than good
The growing demand for children to get involved in organized activities outside of school is placing unprecedented strain upon families.

Roles and functions of community health workers in primary care
Community health workers in primary care provide clinical services, community resource connections, and health education and coaching.

May/June 2018 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
Annals of Family Medicine is a peer-reviewed, indexed research journal that provides a cross-disciplinary forum for new, evidence-based information affecting the primary care disciplines.

Call for low-cost approach to tackle disease afflicting millions of the world's poorest
Researchers at Brighton and Sussex Medical School are asking governments in the developing world to adopt a low-cost, community-based approach to prevent acute attacks that occur in patients with a devastating neglected tropical disease.

Brain activity alternates while stepping
Human steps are associated with neural activity that alternates between the left and right sides of the brain, finds a study of Parkinson's disease patients published in JNeurosci.

Physician burnout: Resilience training is only part of the solution
Although many health systems have turned to resilience training as a solution to physician burnout, quality/safety researcher Alan Card, Ph.D., MPH, argues that such training alone is not enough.

Ecological systems research: What do disturbances in the system result in?
The effects of disturbances such as flooding or increasing drought on an ecosystem have been difficult to predict in the past.

First description of mEAK-7 gene could suggest path toward therapies for cancer
UCLA-led study has characterized the mechanism of the human equivalent of the gene, EAK-7, that plays a role in determining how long worms will live.

Job strain linked to onset of common mental illness
Workplaces that reduce job strain could prevent up to 14 percent of new cases of common mental illness from occurring, according to new research led by the Black Dog Institute in Sydney, Australia.

In-womb air pollution exposure associated with higher blood pressure in childhood
Children who were exposed to higher levels air pollution while in the womb had a higher risk of elevated blood pressure in childhood.

CU researchers: infant growth patterns affected by type of protein consumed
A new study by CU School of Medicine researchers has determined that choices of protein intake from solid foods has a significant impact on infant growth during the first year of life.

Long-term and short-term relationships initially indistinguishable
Research shows that long- and short-term relationships look almost identical in the beginning.

The digital doctor's visit: Enormous potential benefits with equally big risk
One out of at least 10 patients records doctors' visits, usually on a cell phone, Apple recently released a new Health Records feature built into the Health app as part of iOS 11.3.

A new drug shows preclinical efficacy in Rett syndrome
A new article published in the Cell Reports describes how a new drug is able to reduce the symptoms and activate the dormant neurons characteristic of Rett Syndrome in preclinical models.

An updated analysis of direct-to-consumer television advertisements for prescription drugs
Although proponents suggest that direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertising is educational and motivating, a new analysis finds that the potential educational value of such advertising has declined.

Social challenges are associated with poorer health outcomes
Among more than 600,000 primary care patients, half live with some degree of social challenge, which has a negative effect on the quality of care they receive.

Gender discrimination results in the deaths of extra 239,000 girls per year in India
A new study has found that there is an average of 239,000 excess deaths per year of girls under the age of five in India, or 2.4 million in a decade, and excess female child mortality is found in 90 percent of districts in the country.

Caring, accountability, and continuity: What patients and caregivers want during hospital care trans
For the first time on a large scale, researchers have investigated what patients and caregivers want from providers during a care transition.

Better equipped in the fight against lung cancer
Lung cancer is the third most common type of cancer in Germany and the disease affects both men and women.

University of Cincinnati study examines impact of poor functional kidney status
Research out of the University of Cincinnati finds poor functional kidney status in elderly patients with end stage renal disease is associated with a higher incidence of initiating hemodialysis, increased the risk of central venous catheter use and is an independent predictor of one-year mortality.

How to cure more hepatitis C patients
The cost of cures for hepatitis C have been prohibitive, but experts who served on an NAS panel have a solution that will save more patients and incentivize drug innovation.

News from the Journal of Lipid Research
Recent articles in the Journal of Lipid Research found a surprising insight into healthy octogenarians' arteries; a microRNA key to the puzzle of killing fat cells; and a change in cultured cell signaling that may affect experimental outcomes.

Simple equation directs creation of clean-energy catalysts
New guidelines laid down by Nebraska and Chinese researchers could steer the design of less costly, more efficient catalysts geared toward revving up the production of hydrogen as a renewable fuel.

Study reveals how the brain decides to make an effort
The experimental design allowed the researchers to tease apart the effects of recent choices on the formation of value expectations of future decisions.

Very obese women should lose weight during pregnancy for a healthy baby
Very obese women should actually lose weight during pregnancy in order to have a healthy baby, contrary to current recommendations, according to a new study in the journal Heliyon.

Organization of cells in the inner ear enables the sense and sensitivity of hearing
A research team from Mass. Eye and Ear has shown that the 'outer hair cells' within the ear can only be effective in amplifying sound when they are configured in a Y-shaped arrangement with respect to their supporting cells.

Nouns slow down our speech
Speakers hesitate or make brief pauses filled with sounds like 'uh' or 'uhm' mostly before nouns.

Frequency-stable laser systems for space
For the first time a frequency reference based on molecular iodine was successfully demonstrated in space!

Otago study shows 'giant' problem looms for ageing population
Urgent attention needs to be paid to frail older New Zealanders' oral health, a University of Otago study has highlighted.

Homeless veterans at increased risk of hospital readmission after surgery
For veterans undergoing surgery in the VA healthcare system, homelessness is an important risk factor for unplanned hospital readmission, reports a study in the June issue of Medical Care, published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Scientists discover a variation of the genome predisposing to Alzheimer's disease
An article published in Nature Medicine shows that the inheritance of small changes in DNA alters the expression of the PM20D1 gene and is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease.

New method of marine alkaloid synthesis has discovered by FEFU scientists
The development of this method will allow one to get previously inaccessible compounds and to study their biological activity.

Scientists in Russia and Singapore investigate inorganic biomaterials with antimicrobial properties
A team of scientists from the Lobachevsky University Department of Solid State Chemistry under Dr.

Case management reduces psychological distress in frequent users of health care
Research has shown that frequent users of health care services tend to have higher levels of psychological distress.

'Universal antibodies' disarm various pathogens
Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have been studying how the immune system succeeds in keeping pathogens in check.

Stress regulates self-harm in rats
A stress hormone modulates compulsive biting in a rat model of self-injurious behavior (SIB), according to new research published in JNeurosci.

Researchers uncover up to 100 potential drug targets for cancer
In a new study based on mouse cells internationally leading protein researchers have identified several new potential targets using state-of-the-art technology, many of which could be employed for future treatment of different types of cancers and diseases.

New computational strategy designed for more personalized cancer treatment
Mathematicians and cancer scientists have found a way to simplify complex biomolecular data about tumors, in principle making it easier to prescribe the appropriate treatment for a specific patient.

Heart disease severity may depend on nitric oxide levels
The most common heart medications may get an assist from nitric oxide circulating in the body, according to a new study out of Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

Using MRSA's strength against it
MRSA evolved to become a deadly killer because it's wily and resilient.

Consumer sleep technology is no substitute for medical evaluation
According to a position statement from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM), consumer sleep technology must be cleared by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and rigorously tested if it is intended to diagnose or treat sleep disorders.

Measuring the hardness of living tissues without damage
In order to understand the process of tissue and organ formations, it is essential to understand how physical characteristics of tissues responding to mechanical stresses influence the process of organogenesis.

New pig virus found to be a potential threat to humans
A recently identified pig virus can readily find its way into laboratory-cultured cells of people and other species, a discovery that raises concerns about the potential for outbreaks that threaten human and animal health.

High-sensitivity microsensors on the horizon
A new paper published today in Nature Electronics explains how scientists borrowed concepts from quantum mechanics to build new microsensors that can enable data gathering from hard-to-monitor environments.

Multiple resistance genes found in commercially farmed chickens and in hospital
A team of investigators has isolated colistin-resistant Escherichia coli from a commercial poultry farm in China.

Hungry, hungry hippos
Community ecologist Keenan Stears finds that global change may alter the way that hippos shape the environment around them.

Burnout and scope of practice in new family physicians
Among physicians, family physicians report some of the highest levels of burnout.

New 'Scoring' System for Advanced Colorectal Cancer
Georgios Margonis, M.D., Ph.D., a surgical oncology fellow at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and Matthew Weiss, M.D., surgical director of the Johns Hopkins Liver and Pancreas Cancer Multidisciplinary Clinics, report advances in efforts to improve the treatment and prognosis of colorectal cancers that have spread to the liver.

UCLA biologists 'transfer' a memory
UCLA biologists report they have transferred a memory from one marine snail to another, creating an artificial memory, by injecting RNA from one to another.

WSU Tri-Cities team researching use of fungi to restore native plant populations
Transplanting fungi to restore native plant populations in the Midwest and Northwest is the focus of efforts by a team of WSU Tri-Cities researchers.

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in long-term survivors of childhood cancer
A new study assesses chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in 121 long-term survivors of childhood cancer to detail clinical, functional, neurophysiological and patient-reported outcomes of the condition.

Why some people resist authority
Control aversion -- the urge to rebel against control over one's decisions -- can be explained by connectivity between two regions of the brain as well as behavioral measures of distrust and lack of understanding, according to a study of university students published in JNeurosci.

Study: minority children develop implicit racial bias in early childhood
New research from York University suggests that minority children as young as six years old show an implicit pro-White racial bias when exposed to images of both White and Black children.

Majorities see government efforts to protect the environment as insufficient
Majorities of Americans say the federal government is doing too little to protect key aspects of the environment, according to a new study released today by Pew Research Center.

Nanomedicine -- Targeting cancer cells with sugars
Globally, cancer is the second leading cause of death, also because the efficiency of chemotherapeutics is inadequate due to poor delivery to the tumor.

Scientists discover how a pinch of salt can improve battery performance
Researchers at Queen Mary University of London, University of Cambridge and Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research have discovered how a pinch of salt can be used to drastically improve the performance of batteries.

Deeper understanding of quantum chaos may be the key to quantum computers
New research gives insight into a recent experiment that was able to manipulate an unprecedented number of atoms through a quantum simulator.

A theoretical model to alleviate primary care strain
Co-management of patients by more than one primary care clinician is among new models of care designed to meet the demand for high quality patient care.

Screening tool improves prediction of developing Dementia
In people with a minor decline on the Mini-Mental-State-Examination--a widely used but limited test to screen for cognitive defects--follow-up with a simple visual screening tool can help identify those at increased risk for dementia.

Feeding schedule maintains normal food intake in obese mice
A mouse study published in JNeurosci finds that restricting food availability to one half of the day resets the normal timing of the signals that regulate food intake and reduces weight gain in mice fed a high-fat diet.These findings could inform future obesity research in humans.

Shedding light on a cyclic molecule with a twist
As suggested by their name, Möbius molecules have a twisted loop structure, a special characteristic with many potential applications.

Understanding steam burns
Even if the wound looks superficially harmless, steam burns must be cooled persistently.

Study picks out children with incurable brain cancer who could benefit from adult therapy
Children with incurable brain tumors could benefit from potentially life-extending treatment if genetic testing was used to personalize therapy as it is in many adults, major new research reports.

Restoring epigenetic balance reinstates memory in flies with alzheimer's disease symptoms
A study from Drexel University showed that restoring a balance between two epigenetic regulator enzymes restored learning and memory function in flies that displayed symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.

Scientists' discovery in Yellowstone 'extremely relevant' to origin of life
Montana State University professor William Inskeep and his team of researchers published their findings May 14 in the scientific journal Nature Microbiology.

Even low concentrations of silver can foil wastewater treatment
Research has shed new light how an increasingly common consumer product component -- silver nanoparticles -- can potentially interfere with the treatment of wastewater.

European cities soon to be ready for autonomous vehicles
Autonomous vehicles promise to be the next revolution in public transport.

Setting affects pleasure of heroin and cocaine
Drug users show substance-specific differences in the rewarding effects of heroin versus cocaine depending on where they use the drugs, according to a study published in JNeurosci.

Aiming low: Landmark study optimizes steroid use in pregnancy
Research which aims to optimize steroid use in pregnancy is set to benefit millions of families worldwide who will have babies born prematurely.

NIH scientists develop novel technique to study brain disease
A new tool developed by researchers at the National Institutes of Health has determined, for the first time, how two distinct sets of neurons in the mouse brain work together to control movement.

Parents say intense gun violence in PG-13 movies appropriate for teens 15 and older
Parents are more willing to let their children see PG-13 movies with intense gun violence when the violence appears to be 'justified' than when it has no socially redeeming purpose, a study finds.

New approach to cancer research aims to accelerate studies and reduce cost
A new model for improving how clinical trials are developed and conducted by bringing together academic cancer experts and pharmaceutical companies is being tested by research experts at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Are pharmaceutical marketing payments to physicians for opioids associated with prescribing?
Pharmaceutical industry marketing of opioid products to physicians through nonresearch payments, which can include speaking fees and meals, was associated with greater opioid prescribing.

Elastic microspheres expand understanding of embryonic development and cancer cells
A new technique that uses tiny elastic balls filled with fluorescent nanoparticles aims to expand the understanding of the mechanical forces that exist between cells, researchers report.

Gene variant may increase psychiatric risk after traumatic brain injury
In a Veterans Affairs, study, a gene variant known to predict Alzheimer's risk was linked to worse psychiatric symptoms in those with a traumatic brain injury.

New molecule to improve pharmaceuticals draws inspiration from nature's toolbox
In the race to create more potent and stable medicines, scientists know that adding fluorine can improve drug molecules.

Discovery of differences in the brains of rats classified as workers vs. slackers
Dr. Catharine Winstanley at the University of British Columbia have uncovered a network of regions in the brain that are involved in determining the choice of being a 'hard-worker' or a 'slacker.' Understanding how the brain makes such decisions is one of the most fundamental questions in neuroscience and psychology, and sophisticated animal behavioral testing, coupled with advance brain imaging and stimulation techniques are shedding light on this important process.

Eco-friendly water treatment works best with experienced bacterial flora
Sustainable, biological filters called slow sand filters have been used to filter drinking water since the 1800s.

Motivation to move may start with being mindful
A meditation and stress reduction program may be as effective at getting people to move more as structured exercise programs, according to a new study led by an Iowa State University researcher.

Why older workers might be more stressed than younger ones
Older workers tend to feel more stress than younger workers when their employers don't provide them with the support and resources needed to do their jobs well, according to a new Portland State University study.

Cystitis treatment: Back to the 1950s
Doctors prescribe antibiotic treatments from the 1950s to fight antibiotic resistance.

World's fastest water heater -- 100,000 degrees in 0.000 000 000 000 075 seconds
Scientists have turned a powerful X-ray laser into the world's fastest water heater, reaching 100,000 degrees Celsius in less than a tenth of a picosecond (millionth of a millionth of a second).

Early depression diagnosis is deadly serious for patients with coronary artery disease
While clinicians caring for patients with coronary artery disease may not always prioritize depression screening, an early diagnosis could be a matter of life and death.

Rhino horn used to comfort the terminally ill in Vietnam
From treating cancer and erectile dysfunction to managing hangovers, the horns of endangered wild rhinoceros are widely used as a medical cure-all in parts of Asia.

Patients and caregivers value caring, continuity, and accountability in care transitions
In the transition from hospital to home, patients and caregivers seek clear accountability, continuity, and caring attitudes across the care continuum.

Early BPA exposure may influence cardiac function, according to new study in neonatal rats
A new study in Scientific Reports paves the way for translational research examining cardiovascular disease risk factors associated with short-term BPA exposure in infancy.

Memory transferred between snails
Memories can be transferred between organisms by extracting ribonucleic acid (RNA) from a trained animal and injecting it into an untrained animal, as demonstrated in a study of sea snails published in eNeuro.

Study shows yogurt may dampen chronic inflammation linked to multiple diseases
A recent study from the University of Wisconsin-Madison provides new evidence that yogurt may help dampen chronic inflammation.

Revealed: Why drug users prefer heroin at home, but cocaine while out
University of Sussex research shows that response of brain and emotions to addictive drugs depends on both the setting and the substance of use.

Screening for impaired vision in older adults: New Canadian guideline
A new Canadian guideline for impaired vision in older adults recommends against primary care screening of older adults not reporting concerns about their vision.

Researchers may be underestimating roadkill numbers
A new study in the Journal of Urban Ecology indicates that the number of wild animals killed by motor vehicles may be much higher than is generally reported or understood.

OU physicist developing quantum-enhanced sensors for real-life applications
A University of Oklahoma physicist, Alberto M. Marino, is developing quantum-enhanced sensors that could find their way into applications ranging from biomedical to chemical detection.

Orbital variations can trigger 'snowball' states in habitable zones around sunlike stars
Aspects of an otherwise Earthlike planet's tilt and orbital dynamics can severely affect its potential habitability -- even triggering abrupt 'snowball states' where oceans freeze and surface life is impossible, according to new research from astronomers at the University of Washington. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to