Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 16, 2018
Quarks feel the pressure in the proton
Inside every proton in every atom in the universe is a pressure cooker environment that surpasses the atom-crushing heart of a neutron star.

International study suggests alternative treatment for mild asthma
People with mild asthma are often prescribed a daily treatment regimen, but up to 80 per cent do not follow the routine, using inhalers only when they have an asthma attack.

NASA satellites reveal major shifts in global freshwater
NASA Satellites Reveal Major Shifts in Global Freshwater (NASA Headquarters).

Global 2 degrees C rise doubles population exposed to multiple climate risks compared to 1.5 degrees C
New research identifying climate vulnerability hotspots has found that the number of people affected by multiple climate change risks could double if the global temperature rises by 2 degrees C, compared to a rise of 1.5 degrees C.

Opioid crisis leads to rise in viable hearts and lungs for those awaiting transplants
A new study published in The New England Journal of Medicine by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and University of Utah, examines survival outcomes for patients who have received organs from donors who died of drug intoxication.

Understanding veteran privacy rules could help improve counseling strategies
Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri has found that veterans tend to disclose wartime information on a strict need-to-know basis, and that therapists treating veterans can improve their counseling strategies if they seek to understand veteran privacy rules that are formed by military culture.

MN childcare programs focused on nutrition and physical activities, study finds
Existing state and local programs focused on good nutrition and physical activities for children have led to measurable improvement in practices by the state's child care programs between 2010 and 2016, says a new University of Minnesota Medical School study.

Cell type switch helps colon cancer evade treatment, study suggests
Researchers in Germany have discovered that colon cancers are often resistant to existing drug treatments because they are composed of two different cell types that can replace each other when one cell type is killed.

Intimacy in later life does not slow memory loss
Older people who enjoy a sexually active and emotionally close relationship with their partner tend to perform better at memory tests than sexually inactive older adults on a short-term basis, but this is not the case over a longer period of time.

Diverse and abundant megafauna documented at new Atlantic US Marine National Monument
Airborne marine biologists were dazzled by the diversity and abundance of large, unusual and sometimes endangered marine wildlife on a recent trip to the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts National Marine Monument, about 150 miles southeast of Cape Cod.

NOAA finds rising emissions of ozone-destroying chemical banned by Montreal Protocol
Emissions of one of the chemicals most responsible for the Antarctic ozone hole are on the rise, despite an international treaty that required an end to its production in 2010, a new NOAA study shows.

Hippo waste causes fish kills in Africa's Mara River
Ecologists have long known that agricultural and sewage pollution can cause low oxygen conditions and fish kills in rivers.

Recent trends of marriage in Iran
Data about marriages in Iran points to the declining number of formal (arranged) marriages in recent decades despite strong cultural and religious traditions favoring such marriages.

How humans repress prejudices
Bochum-based philosopher Dr. Beate Krickel has used psychoanalysis to investigate why people are often not aware of their prejudices.

Tailor-made synthesis of cyclic chemicals by means of enzymes
Penicillin-based antibiotics contain a five-membered hydrocarbon cycle, additionally incorporating a sulfur and a nitrogen atom.

New technique reveals details of forest fire recovery
Do you know someone who's so caught up in the details of a problem that they 'can't see the forest for the trees?' Scientists seeking to understand how forests recover from wildfires sometimes have the opposite problem.

Satellite study finds major shifts in global freshwater
A new global, satellite-based study of Earth's freshwater found that Earth's wet areas are getting wetter, while dry areas are getting drier.

Exploration of diverse bacteria signals big advance for gene function prediction
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, including researchers at the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, have developed a workflow that enables large-scale, genome-wide assays of gene importance across many conditions.

European wind energy generation potential in a 1.5 degree C warmer world
The UK and large parts of northern Europe could become windier if global temperatures reach 1.5 degrees C above pre-industrial levels, according to a new study.

Reducing cholesterol could enhance T-cell cancer immunotherapy
Cleveland Clinic researchers have demonstrated for the first time that lowering blood cholesterol levels could enhance the success of a specific type of T-cell immunotherapy in fighting cancer.

Greater burden of atrial fibrillation linked to higher stroke risk
Among people with intermittently recurring atrial fibrillation who are not taking anti-blood-clotting medications, those whose hearts were in abnormal rhythms longer were three times more likely to have strokes or other types of blood clots than those who had abnormal heart rhythms for less time, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study.

Re-assessing organ availability
By expanding the donation pool to include currently deemed 'unfit' organs, researchers say the gap could be closed or narrowed, resulting in more lives saved.

Mechanical force controls the speed of protein synthesis
As cells create proteins, the proteins modulate synthesis speed by exerting a mechanical force on the molecular machine that makes them, according to a team of scientists who used a combination of computational and experimental techniques to understand this force.

Brazilians with less education more likely to report being in poor health, study finds
Brazilians with less education are more likely to self-report as being in poor health, according to a study using data from nationwide surveys distributed every five years from 1998 to 2013.

Processes in the atomic microcosmos are revealed
Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have successfully generated controlled electron pulses in the attosecond range.

Traditional Chinese medicine is widely used for cardiovascular disease
In this Letter to the Editor, the authors comment on a review article which assesses the efficacy and safety of TCM for cardiovascular disease, as well as the pharmacological effects of active TCM ingredients on the cardiovascular system and potential mechanisms.

Is wealth late in life associated with increased dementia risk?
Wealth in late life, independent of education, appeared to be associated with increased risk for dementia, suggesting that people with fewer financial resources were at higher risk, according to a study of a nationally representative sample of older English adults.

Climate change impacts fragile river ecosystems
Research undertaken in South Africa's Kruger National Park (KNP) has shown that some of the world's most sensitive and valuable riverine habitats are being destroyed due to an increasing frequency of cyclone-driven extreme floods.

Blocking two enzymes could make cancer cells mortal
EPFL scientists have identified two enzymes that protect chromosomes from oxidative damage and shortening.

Climate change to shift many fish species north, disrupting fisheries
Climate change will force hundreds of ocean fish and invertebrate species, including some of the most economically important to the United States, to move northward, disrupting fisheries in the United States and Canada, a Rutgers University-led study reports.

World's strongest bio-material outperforms steel and spider silk
At DESY's X-ray light source PETRA III, a team led by Swedish researchers has produced the strongest bio-material that has ever been made.

Mutation discovered to protect against Alzheimer's disease in mice
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science have discovered a mutation that can protect against Alzheimer's disease in mice.

Glass-forming ability: fundamental understanding leading to smart design
Researchers studied the glass-forming ability of two simple systems, establishing the 'thermodynamic interface penalty,' which is an indicator of the extent of the structural difference between a crystal and its melt.

Artificial Intelligence improves stroke and dementia diagnosis in most common brain scan
Artificial Intelligence improves stroke and dementia diagnosis in commonest form of brain scan.

UMBC ecologist and colleagues expose bias in forest restoration studies
At a time when countries are pledging to restore millions of hectares of forest, new research argues that recent studies on forest regeneration techniques are flawed.

Quartet of NFCR scientists publishes papers in immediate succession
Quartet of NFCR scientists publishes papers in immediate succession; the three articles offer possible bases for brain cancer treatments, insight into somatic mutations.

Stroke prevention drug combo shows promise, study says
If you've had a minor stroke or a transient ischemic stroke (TIA), taking the clot-preventing drug clopidogrel along with aspirin may lower your risk of having a major stroke within the next 90 days, according to new research published in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Small birds almost overheat while feeding their young
For decades, researchers have thought that access to food determined the brood size of birds.

Less water, same Texas cotton
In Texas, the Southern High Plains uses water from an aquifer to water cotton fields.

A stress response protein may prevent kidney damage after heart surgery
Researchers have discovered that elevated levels of a stress response protein are associated with a reduced risk of kidney damage after heart surgery in patients.

Predicting what drives people to seek, stay in substance-use treatment
About 22 million Americans are substance dependent, yet only 2.5 million seek treatment.

Diagnosing breast cancer with an imaging pill
For women, mammograms are a sometimes uncomfortable, but necessary, annual ritual.

ALMA finds most-distant oxygen in the universe
ALMA observations reveal the faint, telltale signature of oxygen coming from a galaxy at a record-setting distance of 13.28 billion light-years from Earth.

Climate change in Quebec equals a much greater diversity of species???
A team of researchers believe that, paradoxically, climate change may result in Quebec's national and provincial parks becoming biodiversity refuges of continental importance as the variety of species present there increases.

A laser from a space ant
An international team of astronomers have discovered an unusual laser emission that suggests the presence of a double star system hidden at the heart of the 'spectacular' Ant Nebula.

Plug-and-play diagnostic devices
Researchers at MIT's Little Devices Lab have developed modular blocks that can be put together in different ways to produce diagnostic devices.

An electronic rescue dog
ETH Zurich scientists have developed the smallest and cheapest ever equipment for detecting people by smell.

A shipwreck and an 800-year-old 'made in China' label reveal lost history
Nearly a thousand years ago, a ship sank in the Java Sea near Indonesia.

For older adults, a better diet may prevent brain shrinkage
People who eat a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, nuts and fish may have bigger brains, according to a study published in the May 16, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

A 'dirty bomb' battles cancer metastasis
Scientists have developed a new compound that inhibits the spread of cancer cells, which is what makes the disease so lethal.

A quantum entanglement between two physically separated ultra-cold atomic clouds
Members of the Department of Theoretical Physics and History of Science of the UPV/EHU's Faculty of Science and Technology together with researchers from the University of Hannover have achieved, in an experiment, quantum entanglement between two ultra-cold atomic ensembles, called Bose-Einstein condensates, spatially separated from each other.

Colon cancer -- Targeting tumor cell plasticity
Cell type switch helps colon cancer evade treatment, a study suggests.

New device could increase battery life of electronics by a hundred-fold
Among the chief complaints for smartphone, laptop and other battery-operated electronics users is that the battery life is too short and -- in some cases -- that the devices generate heat.

Upfront, comprehensive genetic testing in advanced lung cancer is cost-effective
An economic model comparing different types of genetic testing in metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) found that using next-generation sequencing (NGS) to test for all known lung cancer-related gene changes at the time of diagnosis was more cost-effective and faster than testing one or a limited number of genes at a time.

NIH, Northwestern scientists develop potential new approach to stop cancer metastasis
Researchers have identified a compound that blocks the spread of pancreatic and other cancers in various animal models.

Wide variation in rate of death between VA hospitals for patients with heart disease, heart failure
Death rates for veterans with ischemic heart disease and chronic heart failure varied widely across the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system from 2010 to 2014, which could suggest differences in the quality of cardiovascular health care provided by VA medical centers.

Early evidence of use of a bit on domestic donkeys found in the Near East
Donkeys may have worn bits as early as the third millennium BCE, long before the introduction of horses in the ancient Near East, according to a study published May 16, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Haskel Greenfield from University of Manitoba, Canada, Aren Maeir from Bar-Ilan University, and colleagues.

Elevated homocysteine identified as metabolic risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases
Homocysteine occurs naturally in the human body, generated as a byproduct of methionine metabolism.

Drug to treat bleeding may benefit some stroke patients, study finds
Patients with stroke caused by bleeding on the brain (intracerebral hemorrhage) may benefit from receiving a drug currently used to treat blood loss from major trauma and bleeding after childbirth, an international trial has revealed.

Resistant varieties, beneficial predators can help producers win sugarcane aphid battle
While sugarcane aphids have been difficult to suppress in past years due to their natural traits and limited insecticide options, a Texas A&M AgriLife Research study shows resistant sorghum varieties and beneficial predators could provide a solution.

People make different moral choices in imagined versus real-life situations
Researchers often use hypothetical scenarios to understand how people grapple with moral quandaries, but experimental results suggest that these scenarios may not always reflect real-life behavior.

Would you share your scientific results before publication?
Scientists who surveyed more than 7,000 active faculty researchers in the US and abroad report that more than half of them had disclosed their results before publication, largely to receive feedback.

Main regularities of thermal expansion and thermal stability of layered ferroelectrics established
The scientists of the Lobachevsky University and the Institute of Low Temperatures and Structural Research in Wroclaw, Poland, conducted unique studies of oscillation properties using modern methods of optical spectroscopy.

Why chikungunya, other arthritis-causing viruses target joints
Scientists have understood little about how chikungunya and related viruses cause arthritis.

Scientists predict how 686 marine species' habitats may shift in response to warming seas
New predictions reveal how global warming may shift the geographic distribution of 686 marine species that inhabit North America's Atlantic and Pacific continental shelves, according to a study published May 16, 2018 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by James Morley of Rutgers University, United States, and colleagues.

Novel therapy inhibits complement to preserve neurons and reduce inflammation after stroke
In an article published online on May 16, 2018, by Science Translational Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina investigators report that, after ischemic stroke, the complement system identifies stressed but salvageable neurons for removal by microglial phagocytosis.

Vast majority of heavy smokers not screened for lung cancer despite USPSTF recommendations
An analysis of 1,800 lung cancer screening sites nationwide found that only 1.9 percent of more than 7 million current and former heavy smokers were screened for lung cancer in 2016, despite United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and ASCO screening recommendations.

Researchers take key step toward growing human organs in laboratory
Researchers have learned that precursor cells for skeletal muscles actually also give rise to neurons, blood vessels, blood cells and immune cells, pushing science one step closer to generating body parts in a laboratory.

Pay-backs to Africa from the Paris Agreement's temperature targets
Scientsits investigate potential benefits to Africa of limiting global warming to 1.5°C instead of 2°C.

Letting the cat out of the bag: Why researchers disclose results ahead of publication
A new study from a research team from the Georgia Institute of Technology found that a majority of scientists disclose key details about their work informally to peers and potential collaborators ahead of publishing in a peer reviewed journal or presenting the findings publicly.

New study reveals how electronic health records can benefit clinical trials
A new study by Swansea University academics has indicated that the Secure Anonymised Information Linkage (SAIL) Databank can provide a simple, cost-effective way to follow-up after the completion of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Under certain conditions, bacterial signals set the stage for leukemia
A new study by researchers from the University of Chicago Medicine shows that bacterial signals are crucial to the development of a precursor condition to leukemia, which can be induced by disrupting the intestinal barrier or by introducing a bacterial infection.

How the gut influences neurologic disease
A study published this week in Nature sheds new light on the connection between the gut and the brain, untangling the complex interplay that allows the byproducts of microorganisms living in the gut to influence the progression of neurodegenerative diseases.

Climate change should help Midwest corn production through 2050
Contrary to previous analyses, research published by Michigan State University shows that projected changes in temperature and humidity will not lead to greater water use in corn.

Previous findings on tropical forest restoration were biased
What we think we know about how to restore tropical forests is based on shaky science.

Cellular valve structure opens up potential novel therapies
Biochemists at the University of Zurich have determined the detailed structure of a volume-regulated chloride channel.

Our brains are obsessed with being social
Our brains are obsessed with being social even when we are not in social situations.

Colon cancer cells use mysterious RNA strands to avoid cell death
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have discovered how unusually long strands of RNA help colon cancer cells avoid death, allowing unregulated growth.

Cannabidiol significantly reduces seizures in patients with severe form of epilepsy
Cannabidiol (CBD), a compound derived from the cannabis plant that does not produce a 'high,' was shown in a new large-scale, randomized, controlled trial to significantly reduce the number of dangerous seizures in patients with a severe form of epilepsy called Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.

Stars formed only 250 million years after the Big Bang
Stars in a galaxy 13.28 billion light years away formed only 250 million years after the Big Bang, finds a team of international astronomers led by groups at UCL and Osaka Sangyo University in Japan.

St. Jude trial identifies a medulloblastoma subset that requires less aggressive therapy
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital researchers have identified a subtype of the brain tumor medulloblastoma that is associated with improved survival of infants treated with less aggressive, risk-adapted therapy.

Petry finds missing ingredient to spark the fireworks of life
Using a novel imaging technique, the Petry Lab demonstrates that XMAP215, a protein known to help microtubules grow faster and longer, is necessary to nucleating microtubules.

Understanding drug-resistant gonorrhoea
Can whole genome sequencing illustrate changes in drug susceptibility of gonorrhoea to antimicrobials used for treatment and so help to define more effective treatment regimens?

Space cloud discovery
No one has ever seen what Case Western Reserve University astronomers first observed using a refurbished 75-year-old telescope in the Arizona mountains.

Comprehensive care physician model improves care, lowers hospitalization
Patients who need frequent hospitalization account for a disproportionate amount of health care spending.

New regimens improve survival for children and young adults with T-cell cancers
In a federally funded, randomized phase III clinical trial performed by the Children's Oncology Group (COG), 90 percent of children and young adults with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) or T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LL) were alive four years after starting treatment regimens on this trial, and 84 percent were cancer free.

Mayo discovery means individualized ovarian, brain cancer therapies
Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered that a molecular communication pathway -- thought to be defective in cancer -- is a key player in determining the effectiveness of measles virus oncolytic cancer treatment in ovarian and aggressive brain cancers.

UTHealth researcher reveals results of study on emergency breathing tubes
In a landmark study, researchers found that patients treated with paramedic oxygen delivery using a newer, more flexible laryngeal breathing tube may have a greater survival rate after sudden cardiac arrest than the traditional intubation breathing tube.

Remote camera network tracks Antarctic species at low cost
An international research team has developed a simple method for using a network of autonomous time-lapse cameras to track the breeding and population dynamics of Antarctic penguins, providing a new, low-cost window into the health and productivity of the Antarctic ecosystem.

Research shows how 'navigational hazards' in metro maps confuse travellers
Some features in metro maps cause passengers to make substantial mistakes in journey planning, but it may be possible to detect and rectify these with automated software, research being conducted at the University of Kent has indicated.

Apatite-type materials without interstitial oxygens show high oxide-ion conductivity by overbonding
Scientists in Japan have shown the overbonding of channel oxygens in La-rich apatite-type lanthanum silicates, rather than the presence of the interstitial oxygens, to be responsible for the high oxide-ion conductivity.

Moving away from plastics: The case of solid body wash
For consumers trying to avoid plastics and go 'green,' solid body wash sold without packaging seems to be a good alternative to wrapped and bottled soaps.

ALMA finds oxygen 13.28 billion light-years away
Astronomers detected a faint but definite signal of oxygen in a galaxy located 13.28 billion light-years away from us, through observations using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA).

New nuclear RNA retention activity discovered
Gene expression involves mRNA transport from its place of synthesis to the cytoplasm where protein translation occurs.

The mystery of lime-green lizard blood
Green blood is one of the most unusual characteristics in the animal kingdom, but it's the hallmark of a group of lizards in New Guinea.

Whole-tree logging may not hinder plant biodiversity
When it comes to timber harvesting, removing the whole tree -- from stump to twigs -- doesn't reduce plant diversity any more than old-fashioned logging, which leaves tree branches behind in the woods.

ALMA and VLT find evidence for stars forming just 250 million years after Big Bang
Astronomers have used observations from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT) to determine that star formation in the very distant galaxy MACS1149-JD1 started at an unexpectedly early stage, only 250 million years after the Big Bang.

Researchers find clues to treating psychoses in mental health patients
Researchers at the University of Missouri recently found evidence that boosting how well people at risk for psychosis learn from positive and negative feedback could potentially keep psychosis at bay.

Researchers identify gene that helps prevent brain disease
A UC San Diego-led team has identified a gene that helps prevent the harmful buildup of proteins that can lead to neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.

Photosynthesis involves a protein 'piston'
The photosystem I (PSI)-ferrodoxin (Fd) complex is important in electron transfer during photosynthesis, through which plants convert sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water into complex chemicals and oxygen.

Stroke: Researchers shed light on the brain recovery process and new treatment strategies
Dr. Brian MacVicar at the University of British Columbia has recently discovered how two types of cells, called astrocytes and pericytes, work together to regenerate blood flow in the brain areas affected by stroke.

Archaeologists uncover earliest evidence for equid bit wear in the ancient Near East
Achaeologists have uncovered the earliest example of the use of a bridle bit with an equid (horse family) in the Near East.

THE IADR/AADR publish JDR special issue on head and neck cancer
The International and American Associations for Dental Research (IADR/AADR) have published a special issue in the Journal of Dental Research (JDR) on head and neck cancer.

Bitcoin estimated to use half a percent of the world's electric energy by end of 2018
Bitcoin's burgeoning electricity demands have attracted almost as much attention as the cryptocurrency's fluctuating value.

Europium points to new suspect in continental mystery
Clues from some unusual Arizona rocks pointed Rice University scientists toward a discovery -- a subtle chemical signature in rocks the world over -- that could answer a long-standing mystery: What stole the iron from Earth's continents?

Soho's 'unique' sexual character should be preserved, say researchers
The unique, cosmopolitan sexual character of London's Soho should be preserved in the face of gentrification, a new study argues.

Researchers combine wearable technology and AI to predict the onset of health problems
A team of Waterloo researchers found that applying artificial intelligence to the right combination of data retrieved from wearable technology may detect whether your health is failing.

Researchers control the properties of graphene transistors using pressure
A Columbia University-led international team of researchers has developed a technique to manipulate the electrical conductivity of graphene with compression, bringing the material one step closer to being a viable semiconductor for use in today's electronic devices.

New research could improve efficiency and luminance of TV and smartphone displays
Your TV and smartphone could be more efficient and luminescent thanks to new research conducted with assistance from Binghamton University, State University at New York.

The Lancet Oncology: Patients' sex may impact efficacy of immunotherapy in cancer treatment
A patient's sex might impact on the efficacy of immunotherapy in cancer treatment, according to a new meta-analysis of 20 randomised trials in over 11000 patients with advanced cancer published in The Lancet Oncology.

Training for 21st century doctors: medicine, business, and leadership development
Given the complex and rapidly evolving health care system in the United States, medical schools must focus their efforts on training more physician leaders to master the diverse skills needed to navigate emerging challenges in the field, urge leaders from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in a new Perspective piece published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

What is the economic impact of malaria for a pregnant woman living in an endemic area of Colombia?
Although malaria treatment is free of charge in Colombia, the economic costs incurred by pregnant women seeking care are considerable (mainly due to transportation and time lost), according to a new study led by ISGlobal.

Beef peptides block bitter tastes
From burgers to steaks, beef has a long history of being a delicious part of dinner.

Shorter trastuzumab treatment for HER2+ breast cancer can be as effective, with fewer cardiac side-effects
A phase III randomized clinical trial of 4,088 women with HER2-positive, early-stage breast cancer found that taking trastuzumab (Herceptin) for 6 months was non-inferior to the current standard of 12 months.

Working or protesting
The higher the unemployment rates in Western European countries, the more likely it is that socio-political destabilization will occur.

How large can a tsunami be in the Caribbean?
The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami has researchers reevaluating whether a magnitude 9.0 megathrust earthquake and resulting tsunami might also be a likely risk for the Caribbean region, seismologists reported at the SSA 2018 Annual Meeting.

Study shows increase in youth suicide attempts
The number of school-age children and adolescents hospitalized for suicidal thoughts or attempts has more than doubled since 2008, according to a new Vanderbilt-led study published today in Pediatrics.

Scientists' new way to identify microscopic worm attacking coffee crops
The plants which produce one of the most popular drinks in the world, coffee, are targeted by a microscopic worm, but scientists are fighting back.

Nearly a quarter of Ontarians newly prescribed opioids received dose exceeding guidelines
Nearly a quarter (23.9 percent) of initial opioid prescriptions in Ontario had a daily dose of more than 50 milligram morphine equivalents (MME), exceeding the suggested dose threshold for opioid prescriptions outlined in North American clinical guidelines, according to a new study from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences and St.

Mechanism underlying malformation associated with severe epilepsy is revealed
Study suggests dysregulation of gene NEUROG2 could be linked to development of focal cortical dysplasia, one of the most common causes of drug-resistant epilepsy.

What we inherited from our bug-eating ancestors
Humans are known to have one functioning and three non-functioning genes that make an enzyme that digests the hard exoskeletons of insects, which are made of chitin.

A simple software error corrected: bittersweet chloroplast genome becomes the model
Information about the organization and evolution of plastomes is crucial to improve crop plants and to resolve the phylogeny of photosynthetic organisms.

Use of mobile and sensor technology lowers symptom severity for people with head and neck cancer
A federally funded, randomized clinical trial of 357 people receiving radiation for head and neck cancer, using mobile and sensor technology to remotely monitor patient symptoms, resulted in less severe symptoms related to both the cancer and its treatment (both general and cancer-related).

Most deprived are nearly twice as likely to develop dementia
Older adults in England with fewer financial resources are more likely to develop dementia, according to new UCL research.

Hydrogen peroxide assists sexual reproduction in spruce
Plant physiologists from MSU proved for the first time that dangerous reactive oxygen species that are often considered as by-products of energy generation in cells, are required by the conifers to fertilize the egg cell.

Exercise beats genetics in determining amount of body fat
With obesity now a global epidemic, there is increased focus on risk factors that contribute to weight gain, especially in postmenopausal women.

More choices for treating insomnia in cancer survivors: Acupuncture and cognitive behavioral therapy
ALEXANDRIA, Va. - A Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)-supported randomized clinical trial of cancer survivors showed that eight weeks of either acupuncture or cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) decreased the severity of insomnia among cancer survivors, though improvements were greatest among patients receiving cognitive behavioral therapy. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to