Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 20, 2018
Multidisciplinary lung health clinic helps low-income patients
A new study demonstrates that a comprehensive and multidisciplinary clinic for low-income and homeless individuals with respiratory disease can decrease no-show rates and provide quality care that is highly satisfying to the individuals treated.

Research sheds light on a novel disease mechanism in chronic smokers
Research published in the journal Clinical Science suggests that an immune signalling protein called interleukin (IL)-26 is increased among chronic smokers with lung disease and this involvement reveals disease mechanisms of interest for developing more effective therapy for these hard-to-treat patients.

Brain stimulation may reduce food cravings as obesity treatment
Stimulating the brain to alter its intrinsic reward system shows promise in the treatment of obesity, according to results presented in Barcelona at the European Society of Endocrinology annual meeting, ECE 2018.

CPAP may reduce resting heart rate in prediabetic patients
Patients with prediabetes who also have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may improve their resting heart rate, an important measure of cardiovascular health, by using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat their OSA, according to a randomized, controlled trial presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference.

Exercise to stay young: 4-5 days a week to slow down your heart's aging
Participating in exercise 4-5 days per week is necessary to keep your heart young, according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.

Improving heart health could prevent frailty in old age
The largest study of its kind, led by the University of Exeter, found that even small reductions in risk factors helped to reduce frailty, as well as dementia, chronic pain, and other disabling conditions of old age.

Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves destroy lung cancer cells: Quantum dots have great potential
Nanoparticles derived from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, destroying up to 80 percent of them, new research by a joint Swansea University and Indian team has shown.

In utero exposure to carbon monoxide increases infants' risk of poor lung function
Exposure to elevated levels of carbon monoxide (CO) in utero increases infants' risk of poor lung function at one month after birth, according to new research conducted as part of the Ghana Randomized Air Pollution and Health Study (GRAPHS).

Infection blood test of limited value in reducing antibiotic use
Overall antibiotic use was not curbed by giving physicians the results of biomarker tests in patients with suspected lower respiratory tract infections, according to findings from the Procalcitonin Antibiotic Consensus Trial.

Larger waistlines are linked to higher risk of vitamin D deficiency
Higher levels of belly fat are associated with lower vitamin D levels in obese individuals, according to data presented in Barcelona at the European Society of Endocrinology annual meeting, ECE 2018.

Technique shows promise for reconstruction of airway following surgery
An early study suggests it may be feasible to use human aortic grafts preserved by freezing to rebuild windpipe and airway sections removed because of disease.

Inpatient opioid use and insufficient weaning pre-discharge may increase outpatient opioid prescript
Patients who receive an opioid for most of their hospital stay and patients who are still taking an opioid within 12 hours of being discharged from the hospital appear more likely to fill a prescription for opioids within 90 days of leaving the hospital, according to new research presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference.

Ozone exposure at birth increases risk of asthma development
A long-term study of the health of Canadian children has found that exposure to ozone (O3), a common air pollutant, at birth was associated with an 82 percent increased risk of developing asthma by age three.

Neuron guidance factor found to play a key role in immune cell function
Macrophages are white blood cells that perform different functions with different energy needs.

Japanese student discovers new crustacean species in deep sea hydrothermal vent
A new species of microcrustacean was collected from a submarine hot spring (hydrothermal vent) of a marine volcano (Myojin-sho caldera) in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Japan.
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