Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 22, 2018
The CMAJ group: A home for patient-oriented research
Researchers who are conducting patient-oriented research, which engages patients in research to improve health and health care, may find a home for their research in CMAJ Open and CMAJ, announces an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal),

Blue dye tablet helps identify polyps during colonoscopy
Ingestion of a blue dye tablet during bowel prep for colonoscopy could be a significant advance in the early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC).

Giant invasive flatworms found in France and overseas French territories
One of the consequences of globalization is the introduction of invasive species.

Fluid dynamics may play key role in evolution of cooperation
In a new study, physicists at the University of Notre Dame examined how the mechanical properties of an environment may shape the social evolution of microbial populations.

Universal thyroid testing could reduce pregnancy problems in some cases
Universal testing for thyroid function in pregnant women could reduce miscarriages and negative neurodevelopmental effects for the baby, but may also put healthy pregnancies at risk by prescribing unnecessary drugs to mothers.

MIT study helps driverless cars change lanes more like humans do
At the International Conference on Robotics and Automation, researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) will present a new lane-change algorithm that splits the difference.

Projected impact on childhood mortality of austerity versus social protections in Brazil
Compared with fiscal austerity measures currently being implemented in Brazil, the maintenance of social protection could result in a reduction in childhood mortality by 8.6 percent in 2030, according to simulations published this week in PLOS Medicine by Davide Rasella of the Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil, and colleagues.

Studies examine effect of testing frequency after treatment, surgery for colorectal cancer
Two studies and a related editorial examined the effect of more or less frequent follow-up testing after treatment or surgery for colorectal cancer.

Improving health research among Indigenous peoples in Canada
Researchers must understand the historical and social context of Indigenous health research, while valuing the unique knowledge, skills and experiences of Indigenous people, in order to conduct meaningful health research, according to an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Gauging language proficiency through eye movement
An MIT study indicates eye movement can reveal the proficiency of people reading English as a second language.

Model estimates lifetime risk of Alzheimer's dementia using biomarkers
Lifetime risks of developing Alzheimer's disease dementia vary considerably by age, gender and whether any signs or symptoms of dementia are present, according to a new study published online by Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.

Using 3-D X-rays to measure particle movement inside lithium ion batteries
Lithium ion battery performance can decay over time, may not fully charge after many charge/discharge cycles, and may discharge quickly even when idle.

Fruit flies: 'Living test tubes' to rapidly screen potential disease-causing human gene
This study provides a blueprint of how fruit flies can be used as a rapid screening tool to identify potentially pathogenic human genes.

Simple food-based score predicts long-term overweight/obesity risk in healthy adults
Spanish researchers have developed a new food-based score that is strongly associated with long-term risk of overweight or obesity across adulthood, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26).

Designer cells: Artificial enzyme can activate a gene switch
Complex reaction cascades can be triggered in artificial molecular systems: Swiss scientists have constructed an enzyme than can penetrate a mammalian cell and accelerate the release of a hormone.

Married couples share risk of developing diabetes
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen and Aarhus University have discovered a connection between the BMI of one spouse and the other spouse's risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The prevalence of twin births in pure Spanish horses (PREs)
A group of researchers has published the first study to determine the prevalence of twin births and chimerism in a large population of PRE horses, and the results suggest that chimerism is not especially connected to infertility.

Building a brain, cell by cell: Researchers make a mini neuron network (of two)
Neurological research uses simplified models consisting of artificial collections of neurons.

Scientists find inconsistencies and biases in weather forecasting system
The tiniest of natural phenomena can have a big impact on our weather, but an international team of researchers have found that the most widely used system to model meteorological conditions doesn't account for environmental microphysics well at all scales.

New bipartisan legislation highlights better care for us all as we age, AGS
The American Geriatrics Society (AGS) today offered a ringing endorsement of the bipartisan Geriatrics Workforce Improvement Act (S.

Kids show adult-like intuition about ownership
Children as young as age three are able to make judgements about who owns an object based on its location, according to a study from the University of Waterloo.

Friends influence middle schoolers' attitudes toward peers of different ethnicities, races
Studies have shown that for young people, simply being around peers from different ethnic and racial backgrounds may not be enough to improve attitudes toward other groups.

Downward-facing mouse: stretching reduces tumor growth in mouse model of breast cancer
Using a mouse model of breast cancer and a gentle stretching technique, the team evaluated tumor growth as well as changes in molecular signals of immune response and inflammation resolution.

A hidden world of communication, chemical warfare, beneath the soil
New research shows how some of these harmful microbes have to contend not just with a farmer's chemical attacks, but also with their microscopic neighbors -- and themselves turn to chemical warfare to ward off threats.

Technique doubles conversion of CO2 to plastic component
Fossil fuels have long been the precursor to plastic, but new research has detailed a technique for doubling the amount of carbon dioxide that gets converted to ethylene -- an essential component of the world's most common plastic.

Experimental drug eases effects of gluten for celiac patients on gluten-free diet
An investigational new drug offers hope of relief for celiac disease patients who are inadvertently exposed to gluten while on a gluten-free diet.

Posttraumatic stress affects academics
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caused by traumatic military experiences is associated with feelings of anxiety, anger, sadness and/or guilt.

The price of chaos: A new model virtually pits new investors against experienced ones
Variation in expertise and risk-taking behaviors among investors regularly sends markets on roller-coaster rides.

Even moderate adherence to vegetarian diet could prevent overweight/obesity in middle age
Eating a diet high in plant-based foods and low in animal-based foods may protect against obesity in middle aged and elderly populations, even if a vegetarian or vegan diet is not strictly followed.

New material detects the amount of UV radiation and helps monitor radiation dose
Researchers at the University of Turku, Finland, have developed a synthetic SensoGlow™ material that detects the quantity and quality of ultraviolet radiation from the Sun or other sources.

From a model of fluids to the birth of a new field in computational physics
It may sound like the stuff of fairy tales, but in the 1950s two numerical models initially developed as a pet project by physicists led to the birth of an entirely new field of physics: computational statistical mechanics.

Study finds vitamin D supplement decreases wheezing for black preterm infants
Black infants born prematurely are at higher risk for recurrent wheezing.

Training compassion 'muscle' may boost brain's resilience to others' suffering
A new study suggests that as little as two weeks of compassion meditation training -- intentionally cultivating positive wishes to understand and relieve the suffering of others -- may reduce the distress a person feels when witnessing another's suffering.

Discovery of the first body in the Solar System with an extrasolar origin
Asteroid 2015 BZ509 is the very first object in the Solar System shown to have an extrasolar origin.

Faster genome evolution methods to transform yeast
Scientists have created a new way of speeding up the genome evolution of baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the same yeast we use for bread and beer production.

Link between tuberculosis and Parkinson's disease discovered
The mechanism our immune cells use to clear bacterial infections like tuberculosis (TB) might also be implicated in Parkinson's disease, according to a new study.

Remote control of transport through nanopores
In our bodies, the transfer of genetic information, viral infections and protein trafficking, as well as the synthesis and degradation of biomolecules are all phenomena that require the transport of molecules through channels.

Future doctors take to the streets to address problems at the root of poor health
Medical students seldom learn much about the real-life problems (hunger, joblessness, addiction) their patients face outside the clinic walls.

Transgender brains are more like their desired gender from an early age
Brain activity and structure in transgender adolescents more closely resembles the typical activation patterns of their desired gender, according to findings to be presented in Barcelona, at the European Society of Endocrinology annual meeting, ECE 2018.

Successful weight loss maintainers have different behavioral and physiological responses to food
Successful weight loss maintainers have different behavioral and physiological responses to food than people with obesity and their lean counterparts, according to new research by the University of Birmingham and the University of Amsterdam being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26).

Research supports restrictions on opioid-containing cold medicines for children
Prescription cough and cold medicines containing the opioid hydrocodone were more likely to cause serious side effects in children than those containing codeine, according to a new study from Penn State College of Medicine.

Unnecessary antibiotic use in asthma exacerbations may increase hospital stay, costs
Administering antibiotics to adults hospitalized with an asthma exacerbation without any documented indication of lung infection appears to lengthen hospital stay, increase cost and result in increased risk for antibiotic-related diarrhea, according to new research presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference.

Could we predict the next Ebola outbreak by tracking the migratory patterns of bats?
The researchers -- Javier Buceta, Paolo Bocchini and Graziano Fiorillo -- worked with satellite information and parameter sampling techniques to create their Ebola-prediction framework, which integrates data and modeling to predict the conditions linking bats' behavior with the outbreak of Ebola.

SWOG sails into ASCO 2018 on a raft of research results
Researchers from SWOG, a cancer clinical trials group funded by the National Cancer Institute, will participate in 29 presentations to be made at the 54th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the world's largest clinical cancer research meeting, which runs June 1-5 in Chicago.

Unlocking the secrets of HIV's persistence
A new study by investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital explores how HIV establishes a 'persistent reservoir' of infected cells, identifying cellular survival programs that become activated in these cells, and providing a potential target for future therapy.

Researchers identify spike in severe black lung disease among former US coal miners
The number of cases of progressive massive fibrosis, the most severe form of black lung disease, has been increasing dramatically among coal workers and especially younger workers in central Appalachia.

Embryonic gene regulation through mechanical forces
During embryonic development genetic cascades control gene activity and cell differentiation.

Researchers build artificial cellular compartments as molecular workshops
How to install new capabilities in cells without interfering with their metabolic processes?

How Australia got planted
A new study has uncovered when and why the native vegetation that today dominates much of Australia first expanded across the continent.

New network is installed to investigate space weather over South America
Magnetometer network identifies magnetic field disturbances that can cause interference in electronic appliances, power grids and satellite navigation systems.

Physicists with green fingers estimate tree spanning rate in random networks
In a new study published in EPJ B, Fei Ma from Northwest Normal University in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, and colleagues calculate the total number of spanning trees in randomly expanding networks.

Surveillance intensity not associated with earlier detection of recurrence or improved survival in c
A national retrospective study led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center found no association between intensity of post-treatment surveillance and detection of recurrence or overall survival (OS) in patients with stage I, II or III colorectal cancer (CRC).

Adoption of 'healthier' Mediterranean-style diet varies considerably across US states
New research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) uses geospatial techniques to identify which US states have the greatest adherence to this Mediterranean-style of eating.

UNH researchers find invasive seaweed makes fish change their behavior
Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found that changes in the seascape may impact the behavior of fish and could be leaving them less options for refuge and more vulnerable to predators.

How coyotes conquered the continent
Using museum specimens and fossil records, researchers have produced a comprehensive (and unprecedented) range history of coyotes that can help reveal the ecology of predation as well as evolution through hybridization.

What helps form long-term memory also drives the development of neurodegenerative disease
Scientists have just discovered that a small region of a cellular protein that helps long-term memories form also drives the neurodegeneration seen in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).

People with ASD risk being manipulated because they can't tell when they're being lied to
A new study shows that the ability to distinguish truth from lies is diminished in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) -- putting them at greater risk of being manipulated.

Research reveals how order first appears in liquid crystals
Brown University chemists have shown a technique that can identify regions in a liquid crystal system where molecular order begins to emerge just before the system fully transitions from disordered to ordered states.

Non-plasma high-speed anisotropic diamond etching with nickel in 1000°C water vapor
Development of next-generation power devices is needed for energy saving in a low carbon society.

The case for not taxing multinationals
The habit of taxing Multinational Enterprises (MNEs)' profits is the legacy of a time when

Study: Ancient mound builders carefully timed their occupation of coastal Louisiana site
A new study of ancient mound builders who lived hundreds of years ago on the Mississippi River Delta near present-day New Orleans offers new insights into how Native peoples selected the landforms that supported their villages and earthen mounds -- and why these sites were later abandoned.

New brain development disorder identified by scientists
Researchers have identified a new inherited neurodevelopmental disease that causes slow growth, seizures and learning difficulties in humans.

In brain stimulation therapy less might be more
Theoretical and experimental results demonstrate a new insight for optimizing rTMS, one of the common non-invasive magnetic brain stimulation therapies used to treat brain disorders such as depression and neuropathic pain.

Closing coal, oil power plants leads to healthier babies
While the negative health impacts of pollution from coal- and oil-burning power plants are well-documented, UC Berkeley researchers tested the flip side: do birth outcomes improve following power plant shutdowns.

How wheat can root out the take-all fungus
In the soils of the world's cereal fields, a family tussle between related species of fungi is underway for control of the crops' roots, with food security on the line.

First record of large-antlered muntjac in Vietnam
In November 2017 -- under a biodiversity monitoring and assessment activity supported by the US Agency for International Development -- scientists and conservationists of the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research and WWF-Vietnam captured photographs of one of the rarest and most threatened mammal species of Southeast Asia, the large-antlered muntjac, in Quang Nam province, central Vietnam.

Under age 13, suicide rates are roughly double for black children vs. white children
A new study published in JAMA Pediatrics shows that racial disparities in suicide rates are age-related.

Study: Guns in Chicago just '2.5 handshakes' away
In one of the first studies to try to map a gun market using network science, researchers used the novel scientific approach to understand how close offenders are to guns in the city of Chicago.

Subtle hearing loss while young changes brain function, study finds
New research from The Ohio State University has found that young people with subtle hearing loss -- the kind they aren't even aware of -- are putting demands on their brains that typically wouldn't be seen until later in life.

Lead exposure found to affect fertility rates
New research that examined the impact of exposure to lead (in the air and topsoil) on fertility in the United States has found that exposure matters for both women and men.

The gypsum gravity chute: A phytoplankton-elevator to the ocean floor
Tiny gypsum crystals can make phytoplankton so heavy that they rapidly sink, hereby transporting large quantities of carbon to the ocean's depths.

Magnesium magnificent for plasmonic applications
Scientists at Rice University and the University of Cambridge synthesize magnesium nanoparticles that show plasmonic properties across the infrared, visible and ultraviolet spectrum.

Science in the palm of your hand: How citizen science transforms passive learners
Citizen science projects can engage even children who previously were not interested in science.

Study reveals how high-latitude corals cope with the cold
Corals growing in high-latitude reefs in Western Australia can regulate their internal chemistry to promote growth under cooler temperatures, according to new research at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at The University of Western Australia.

Students taught by highly qualified teachers more likely to obtain bachelor's degree
Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri has found that high school students taught by a string of teachers who majored or minored in a specific teaching subject, instead of a general teaching degree, are more likely to become college graduates.

Two-and-a-half-year expedition ends in world's most biodiverse protected area
After a two-and-a-half-year expedition through the world's most biodiverse protected area, the Identidad Madidi explorers have concluded their epic quest of completing a massive biological survey of Madidi National Park, uncovering more than 120 potentially new species of plants, butterflies and vertebrates in the process, according to WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society).

Amazonian 'lookout' birds help other species live in dangerous neighborhoods
Usually, birds of a feather flock together -- but in the Amazon, some flocks feature dozens of species of all shapes and colors.

Study casts doubt on traditional view of pterosaur flight
A new study of how ligaments restrict joint movement suggests that pterosaurs and 'four-winged' dinosaurs couldn't have flown in the same way that bats do.

New study sheds light on the opioid epidemic and challenges prevailing views about this public health crisis
A study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine sheds new light on the sharp rise in fatal drug overdoses in recent years, one of the most severe public health challenges of our time.

'Serendipitous' use of antimalarial drug may have improved outcome for cancer patient
A cancer patient with advanced ovarian cancer had a 'remarkable' journey to recovery that may be partially attributed to a treatment she received for a completely different disease, according to a case report published in ecancermedicalscience.

Does vitamin D reduce likelihood of wheezing in preterm black infants?
Black infants born preterm who received sustained vitamin D supplementation had a lower likelihood of recurrent wheezing by age 1.

Temple-led trial demonstrates effectiveness of minimally invasive emphysema treatment
Surgically removing small portions of damaged lung tissue helps some patients with severe emphysema, but is invasive and risky.

New tech may make prosthetic hands easier for patients to use
Researchers have developed new technology for decoding neuromuscular signals to control powered, prosthetic wrists and hands.

NIST puts the optical microscope under the microscope to achieve atomic accuracy
New work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) enables optical microscopes to measure these nanometer-scale details with a new level of accuracy.

Mechanisms of harmful overhydration and brain swelling
We are all familiar with the drawbacks of dehydration, but we rarely hear about the harmful effects of overhydration.

Malaria-causing parasite manipulates liver cells to survive
Before invading the bloodstream, the malaria-causing Plasmodium parasite rapidly reproduces inside its host's liver cells.

DNA-based vaccine treatment for colorectal cancer to undergo first human study
Combining a DNA vaccine, which boosts the body's immune response against tumors, with an antibody that blocks the body's natural defense against the potency of the DNA vaccine, may lead to the development of an effective treatment for late stage colorectal cancer, when a cure is not often possible.

More frequent checks control MRSA in newborns, but can hospitals afford them?
Checking more often on newborns in the NICU provided positive results for preventing MRSA transmission, but hospitals must balance the high costs, a new study found.

Familiarity with junk-food ads linked with obesity in young people
Young people who watch one extra junk-food advert a week (over the average of six) consume an additional 350 calories in foods high in salt, sugar, and fat (HFSS) every week (18,000 each year), according to the largest study of its kind in the UK involving over 3,300 teens aged 11 to 19 years.

'Spooky action at a distance': Researchers develop module for quantum repeater
Physicists at Saarland University in Saarbrücken, Germany, have succeeded in entangling a single atom with a single photon in the telecom wavelength range.

Procedure plus medication is better than standard treatment for heart disease patients
A non-surgical procedure, called percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), along with prescribed medication, is better than medication alone as initial treatment for people who have the most common form of heart disease, suggests an analysis of an international clinical trial co-led by St.

NASA measures heavy US rainfall from space
For close to two weeks the combination of a nearly stationary front and tropical moisture caused almost continuous precipitation over much of the Mid-Atlantic.

Mice brain structure linked with sex-based differences in anxiety behavior
Using male individuals has long been a tradition in scientific mice studies.

Michael Jackson's antigravity tilt -- Talent, magic, or a bit of both?
Three neurosurgeons from the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh, India, set out to examine Michael Jackson's antigravity tilt, introduced in the movie video 'Smooth Criminal,' from a neurosurgeon's point of view.

Young toddlers may learn more from interactive than noninteractive media
Preschoolers can learn from educational television, but younger toddlers may learn more from interactive digital media (such as video chats and touchscreen mobile apps) than from TV and videos alone, which don't require them to interact.

Pigs that digest their nutrients could reduce pork industry's carbon footprint
Giving pigs the ability to digest more nutrients in their grains could help reduce the pork industry's environmental impact, says new research published in eLife.

Study demonstrates new treatment for severe asthma
Researchers from McMaster University and the Firestone Institute for Respiratory Health at St.

Including Indigenous elders in primary care positively affects Indigenous patients' mental health
Indigenous elders can have a broad range of positive effects on the mental and physical health of urban Indigenous people who often experience marginalization and barriers accessing health care, according to a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) that partnered elders with mainstream health care providers in primary care.

More patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis receiving liver transplants
Increasingly, liver transplant centers are changing a long-standing practice of delaying potentially life-saving liver transplantation for patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis until after they stopped drinking alcohol for six months, according to a new study scheduled for presentation at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2018.

On current trends, almost a quarter of people in the world will be obese by 2045, and 1 in 8 will have type 2 diabetes
New research from various cities in the world presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26), demonstrate that if current trends continue, almost a quarter of the people in the world will be obese by 2045 (up from 14 percent in 2017), and one in eight will have type 2 diabetes (up from 9 percent in 2017).

IUPUI study finds missing link between blow flies and possible pathogen transmission
Determining whether blow flies have consumed animal fecal material versus animal tissue has important implications for both human public health and animal conservation.

Digging into new ethical issues around stem cells
Discussions concerning to the ethical issues related to stem cells have been ongoing for many years, but a special section in the latest issue of Perspectives in Biology and Medicine takes a deep look at some of the newest and most complex issues -- including the direct global sales of services and untested and unproven products marketed as stem cells.

Study finds boys' fitness has declined over past 20 years
Even healthy weight boys have become less fit over the past 20 years, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26).

Quitting smoking, but not cutting back, linked to better lung health
Long-term light smokers appear to be at greater risk for lung function decline, emphysema and obstructive lung disease than heavy smokers who quit, according to new research presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference.

UM researcher: Big data, networks identify cell signaling pathways in lung cancer
A team of scientists led by University of Montana cell biologist Mark Grimes has identified networks inside lung cancer cells that will help understand this cancer and fight it with drug treatments.

Advance genetics study identifies virulent strain of TB
LSTM's Dr Maxine Caws is co-lead investigator on an advanced genetics study published in Nature Genetics(link is external), which has shown that a virulent strain of tuberculosis (TB) has adapted to transmit among young adults in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Prescription costs increase for low-value treatments despite reduction in numbers
Despite a fall in prescription numbers for low-value treatments, the overall cost of prescribing these items in English primary care has risen, according to new research published by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Embryonic mammary gland stem cells identified
Research team led by Prof. Cédric Blanpain identified the mechanisms that regulate mammary gland development.

A vegetarian diet is not only good for you -- it's the most affordable too
Eating a vegetarian diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and grains is not only good for you, it's also more affordable then other healthy dietary patterns if you're buying online, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26).

'Virtual safe space' to help bumblebees
The many threats facing bumblebees can be tested using a 'virtual safe space' created by scientists at the University of Exeter.

Oxytocin mediates subjective duration of social interactions
Psychologists ZHOU Wen, JIANG Yi and their colleagues at the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, probed this issue by examining individuals' temporal perception of social interactions and the variation among individuals, noting the gregarious nature of humans, the ubiquity of social interactions in daily life and the pronounced interindividual differences in social proficiency -- a stable personality trait.

Early physical therapy benefits low-back pain patients
Patients with low-back pain are better off seeing a physical therapist first, according to a study of 150,000 insurance claims.

One-way roads for spin currents
Scientists from the Singapore University of Technology and Design, together with collaborators from University Insubria (Italy) and Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil) have shown that systems with strong interactions can rectify extremely well the flow of spins i.e. a spin current will flow much more in one direction than the other.

Tunable diamond string may hold key to quantum memory
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and the University of Cambridge engineered diamond strings that can be tuned to quiet a qubit's environment and improve memory from tens to several hundred nanoseconds, enough time to do many operations on a quantum chip.

To have or not to have...your left atrial appendage closed
Each year in the US, more than 300,000 people have heart surgery.

Annual Report to the Nation
Overall cancer death rates continue to decline in men, women, and children in the United States in all major racial and ethnic groups.

Study finds popular 'growth mindset' educational interventions aren't very effective
A new study co-authored by researchers at Michigan State University and Case Western Reserve University found that 'growth mindset interventions,' or programs that teach students they can improve their intelligence with effort -- and therefore improve grades and test scores -- don't work for students in most circumstances.

Decoding digital ownership: Why your e-book might not feel like 'yours'
People feel very differently about owning physical books versus e-books, a recent study shows.

Basin growth strata and its structural control in the region of Zhangjiakou, North Hebei, China
The tectonic setting and deforming kinematics of Yanshan tectonic belt are still matters of controversy.

NASA's Aqua satellite observes formation of Tropical Cyclone 02A
Tropical Cyclone 02A formed about 655 nautical miles south of Masirah Island, Oman.

Brazil's austerity measures could increase avoidable child deaths, researchers find
Cutbacks to social programs in Brazil could lead to more avoidable childhood hospitalizations and deaths compared to maintaining current funding.

Hepatitis C infections resulting from medical treatment occur despite clear guidelines
In a 10 year span, more than 130,000 patients were notified of medical errors that may have exposed them to blood-borne illness, including Hepatitis C.

Research reveals concerning childbirth trends
New research from La Trobe University has raised concern about the number of Victorian women suffering potentially dangerous levels of blood loss after childbirth.

Tianjin University makes breakthrough in synthetic genome rearrangement
A synthetic biology team at Tianjin University (TJU) has reported new methods and strategies for genome rearrangement and accelerated the evolution of yeast strains with their three latest studies published in Nature Communications on May 22, 2018.

Recombinant E. Coli As a biofactory for the biosynthesis of diverse nanomaterials
A metabolic research group at KAIST and Chung-Ang University in Korea has developed a recombinant E. coli strain that biosynthesizes 60 different nanomaterials covering 35 elements on the periodic table. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to