Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 23, 2018
Overweight boys who have excessive weight gain during puberty at greater risk of colon cancer as adults
New research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) suggests that being overweight in childhood coupled with excessive weight gain during puberty may contribute to the development of adult colon cancer in men.

Avoiding obesity and maintaining stable weight both important in preventing several obesity-related cancers in women
Avoiding obesity as well as maintaining a stable weight in middle adulthood could help prevent certain cancers in women, according to new research presented at this year's European Conference on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26).

Cheeseburger or salad? How music volume impacts your decision
Ambient music played in restaurants plays a major role in whether you order a healthy or unhealthy meal.

American 'prepping' culture influenced by media and government fears
The act of 'prepping' is not driven by delusional fears of society's imminent collapse, but more a response to fears raised by the media and government over short-term, but possible, shocks to society.

Is there association between groundwater lithium, diagnoses of bipolar disorder, dementia?
High groundwater concentration of lithium, a naturally occurring trace element, wasn't associated with any benefit in diagnoses of bipolar disorder or dementia when accounting for local health care resources and demographics, two factors that can cause mental health diagnosis rates to vary.

Nuclear physicists leap into quantum computing with first simulations of atomic nucleus
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to successfully simulate an atomic nucleus using a quantum computer.

Team approach to support families improves ICU patient-centered care
Families of critically ill hospital patients report higher satisfaction with clinician communication and a better perception of patient-centered care when the care team uses a low-cost strategy involving intensive emotional support and frequent meetings.

Study: Strenuous exercise in adolescence may ward off height loss later in life
A new study has identified several key factors in postmenopausal women that are associated with height loss, a common occurrence in this age group that is known to increase the risk for death and disease.

Air pollution associated with acute respiratory distress hospitalization of elderly
In a new study, researchers found significant associations between seniors' long-term exposure to two types of air pollution and hospitalization for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Rice's nutritional value decreases in higher CO2 concentrations
Rice grown at higher carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations, like those possible later this century, has lower nutritional value, according to a study that evaluated rice grown in Japan and China under simulated carbon dioxide increases.

Atomic-scale manufacturing now a reality
Scientists at the University of Alberta have applied a machine learning technique using artificial intelligence to perfect and automate atomic-scale manufacturing, something which has never been done before.

People with family history of alcoholism release more dopamine in expectation of alcohol
People with a family history of alcohol use disorder (AUD) release more dopamine in the brain's main reward center in response to the expectation of alcohol than people diagnosed with the disorder, or healthy people without any family history of AUD, reports a new study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.

'Uniquely human' muscles have been discovered in apes
Muscles believed to be unique to humans have been discovered in several ape species, challenging long-held anthropocentric theories on the origin and evolution of human soft tissues.

Overweight and obesity make up for more than 15,000 cancer cases per year in Brazil
A collaboration between Brazilian university and Harvard assessed the impact of the rise in body mass index over health indicators and can serve as a basis for public policy.

How local communities can transition to sustainable energy systems
What makes for a successful transition to a low-carbon energy system?

Depression speeds up brain aging, find psychologists
Psychologists at the University of Sussex have found a link between depression and an acceleration of the rate at which the brain ages.

Appending triphenyltriazine to 1,10-phenanthroline
The electron-transport material is a dispensable element of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs).

Surgery benefits older women with breast cancer
In a BJS (British Journal of Surgery) analysis of 18,730 older patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in the UK, the risk of dying from breast cancer was greater in patients treated with primary endocrine therapy than in those who received surgery.

Whey protein supplements and exercise help women improve body composition
It's known that men benefit from whey protein supplements and exercise, and for what is believed to be the first time, the same can be said for women, according to a large study review by Purdue University nutrition experts.

Social media posts may signal whether a protest will become violent
The study also finds that people are more likely to condone using violence to defend their beliefs when they think others share their moral values.

BU: Religious refusal laws harm sexual minority mental health
A new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researcher has found that state laws permitting the denial of services to same-sex couples because of religious or moral beliefs harm the mental health of sexual minority adults in those states.

Researchers build most comprehensive tree of life for malaria parasites
A new study led by the American Museum of Natural History puts forth the most comprehensive tree of life for malaria parasites to date.

Painless real-time proteomics may one day speed up cancer surgery
Researchers at the University of Lille developed a matrix-assisted ion source for mass spectrometry that can liberate lipids and metabolites from the skin without causing pain.

Leopoldina-Experts call for stricter approval procedures for plant protection products
A number of chemical plant protection products, also known as pesticides, show harmful effects on ecosystems and biodiversity in their current use.

Chimpanzee calls differ according to context
An important question in the evolution of language is what caused animal calls to diversify and to encode different information.

Space-like gravity weakens biochemical signals in muscle formation
Microgravity conditions affect DNA methylation of muscle cells, slowing their differentiation.

Lifestyle counseling program may reduce risk of certain cancers
A five-year healthy lifestyle counseling program for adult men was linked with a reduced risk of developing cancers related to overweight, diet, and smoking over 25 years.

Long-term study reveals one invasive insect can change a forest bird community
Eastern hemlock forests have been declining due to a non-native insect pest.

Opioid-related adverse drug events common after surgery, associated with worse outcomes
Opioid-related adverse drug events were common among patients undergoing surgery  and endoscopy procedures in the hospital and they were associated with worse patient outcomes.

Change the face of nanoparticles and you'll rule chemistry!
Depending on the lighting, the surface of appropriately crafted nanoparticles can change its topography.

Study examining a novel index of coronary artery stenosis presented at EuroPCR
A novel non-hyperemic index of coronary stenosis severity called resting full-cycle ratio (RFR) was found to be diagnostically equivalent to instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) in the VALIDATE RFR study.

The Lancet: Global healthcare access and quality improved from 2000-2016
Healthcare access and quality improved globally from 2000-2016 due in part to large gains seen in many low and middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, according to the latest data from the Global Burden of Disease study published in The Lancet.

Leg exercise is critical to brain and nervous system health
New research shows that using the legs, particularly in weight-bearing exercise, sends signals to the brain that are vital for the production of healthy neural cells.

Poor sleep may keep arthritis patients from getting enough exercise
Poor sleep quality was linked with less physical activity in an Arthritis Care & Research analysis of individuals with or at risk for knee osteoarthritis.

Medication-related harm in older adults is common, costly, and preventable
New research indicates that harm from medicines is common in older adults following hospital discharge, and it results in substantial use of healthcare resources.

CU researchers offer insights into liver disease caused by intravenous nutrition
University of Colorado School of Medicine's Karim C. El Kasmi, MD, PhD, assistant professor of pediatrics, and Ronald Sokol, MD, professor of pediatrics, are authors of an article in the April 2018 Nature Communications that sheds light on the underlying cause of intestinal failure-associated liver disease and suggests new therapeutic approaches.

Do childhood development programs help children living in conflict and crisis settings?
Millions of young children living in conditions of war, disaster, and displacement are at increased risk for developmental difficulties that can follow them throughout their lives.

Cigarette smoke directly damages muscles in the body
Not only is smoking bad for your lungs, but new research shows that components in cigarette smoke directly damages your muscles.

Robotically controlled digital microscope provides new visualization system in operating room
The Department of Neurosurgery at the Mount Sinai Health System is one of the first hospitals in the country to use Modus V™, a hands-free, robotically controlled digital microscope that provides advanced visualization in the operating room.

Boys continue to lag behind in reading
When boys start school, they recognize fewer letters and their corresponding sounds than girls do.

Chemsex linked with increased diagnoses of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections
Chemsex -- the use of crystallized methamphetamine, mephedrone, γ-hydroxybutyrate or γ-butyrolactone and to a lesser extent cocaine and ketamine to facilitate sex -- has emerged as a new phenomenon in the UK and across Europe among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM).

Latest WHO data on child obesity shows that Southern European countries have the highest rate of child obesity
The latest data (2015-17) from the WHO Childhood Obesity Surveillance initiative show that southern European countries have the highest rate of child obesity.

Rapamycin lotion reduces facial tumors caused by tuberous sclerosis, UTHealth reports
Addressing a critical issue for people with a genetic disorder called tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), doctors at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) reported that a skin cream containing rapamycin significantly reduced the disfiguring facial tumors affecting more than 90 percent of people with the condition.

Study examines treatment options for women with recurrent ovarian cancer
New research indicates that for women with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer whose cancer has relapsed after surgery, a second surgery is worth considering.

Cultivating cannabis
Not long ago, cannabis growers learned their trade mainly by trial and error, passing along tips to others behind a veil of secrecy.

A promising target in the quest for a 1-million-year-old Antarctic ice core
The oldest ice core so far provides 800,000 years of our planet's climate history.

Columbia researchers squeeze light into nanoscale devices and circuits
Columbia investigators have made a major breakthrough in nanophotonics research, with their invention of a novel 'home-built' cryogenic near-field optical microscope that has enabled them to directly image, for the first time, the propagation and dynamics of graphene plasmons at variable temperatures down to negative 250 degrees Celsius.

Self-consistency influences how we make decisions
When making decisions, our perception is influenced by judgments we have made in the past as a way of remaining consistent with ourselves, suggests new research published in eLife.

Cause of E. coli beach closings? Gulls
Researchers have recently published results identifying the major sources of E. coli breakouts on several beaches on Lake Michigan.

Severe eczema in adults may increase risk of cardiovascular disease
Adults with severe eczema could face an increased risk of experiencing non-fatal cardiovascular disease, according to the largest ever study to examine the link, published in the BMJ.

Boys who become overweight during puberty at greater risk of heart failure as adults
Boys who become overweight during puberty are more likely to be diagnosed with heart failure when they grow up than their slimmer counterparts, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26).

Utah fossil reveals global exodus of mammals' near relatives to major continents
A nearly 130-million-year-old fossilized skull found in Utah is an Earth-shattering discovery in one respect.

Preserving a painter's legacy with nanomaterials
Paintings by Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Johannes Vermeer have been delighting art lovers for years.

Helping dental retainers and aligners fight off bacteria
Clear, plastic aligners have been growing in popularity as alternatives to bulky, metal braces.

First chip-scale broadband optical system that can sense molecules in the mid-IR
Researchers at Columbia Engineering have demonstrated, for the first time, a chip-based dual-comb spectrometer in the mid-infrared range, that requires no moving parts and can acquire spectra in less than 2 microseconds.

Memory molecule limits plasticity by calibrating calcium
Researchers at the Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience in collaboration with researchers at Emory University and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, have for the first time identified a novel role for the CA2-enriched protein RGS14 and provided insights into the mechanism by which it limits plasticity.

Streams may emit more carbon dioxide in a warmer climate
Streams and rivers could pump carbon dioxide into the air at increasing rates if they continue to warm, potentially compounding the effects of global warming, a new worldwide analysis has shown.

Skin responsible for greater exposure to carcinogens in barbecue smoke than lungs
With summer coming, it's only a matter of time before the smells and tastes of barbecued foods dominate the neighborhood.

Why we fail to understand our smartphone use
Checking your phone dozens of times a day indicates unconscious behavior, which is 'extremely repetitive' say psychologists.

Electron tomography technique leads to 3-D reconstructions at the nanoscale
Scientists recently found a way to harness the power of TEM to measure the structure of a material at the highest possible resolution -- determining the 3-D position of every individual atom.

Research highlights the influence social media marketing has on children's food intake
New research from the University of Liverpool, presented at the European Congress on Obesity today (Wednesday, May 23), highlights the negative influence that social media has on children's food intake.

Disadvantaged students with lower grades do just as well on medical degrees
Students from some of England's worst performing secondary schools who enroll on medical degrees with lower A Level grades, on average, do at least as well as their peers from top performing schools, a new study has revealed.

How a cell knows when to divide
We know that hundreds of genes contribute to a wave of activity linked to cell division, but to generate that wave new research shows that cells must first grow large enough to produce four key proteins in adequate amounts, according to research published in Cell Systems.

AVATS surgery shown to be option for patients deemed 'inoperable'
A new study demonstrates that awake video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (AVATS) -- a minimally invasive procedure that is done under local anesthesia and sedation -- is a safe and effective alternative for patients with poor lung function and lung cancer who would normally be precluded from having surgery due to its risks.

Study highlights environmental cost of tearing down Vancouver's single-family homes
Rising property values in Vancouver have resulted in the demolition of an unprecedented number of single-family homes in recent years, many of which were replaced with the same type of structure.

In the beginning was the phase separation
The question of the origin of life remains one of the oldest unanswered scientific questions.

Orphaned elephants change where they live, in response to poaching and the need for food
Young elephants who have lost either their mothers or the matriarchs of the herd are affected dramatically, and change where they live, according to new research.

To manage weight, it may matter when protein supplements are consumed
People looking to manage their weight with strength-training and protein supplements should consume their supplements during a meal, according to a research review by nutrition experts at Purdue University.

Penn researchers identify source of molecule linked to nasal polyps, asthma attacks
A new discovery about how the immune system responds to common sinus infections and asthma could explain why patients develop these issues in the first place and ultimately may lead to improved targeted therapies.

Is topical rapamycin effective, safe to treat facial lesions?
Facial angiofibromas are disfiguring growths and these lesions occur in most people with tuberous sclerosis complex, a genetic disorder where growths can appear throughout the body. Current treatments for these facial growths include laser surgery, cryotherapy, dermabrasion and other similar procedures that can be painful and cause scarring but can't prevent recurrence of the lesions.The results of a clinical trial of 179 patients showed improvement in the appearance of these lesions with the use of topical rapamycin.

Astronomers observe unprecedented detail in pulsar 6,500 light-years from Earth
A team of astronomers has performed one of the highest resolution observations in astronomical history by observing two intense regions of radiation, 20 kilometers apart, around a star 6,500 light-years away.

UQ Zika detection breakthough a potential lifesaver
A cheap and effective tool that could save lives by helping health authorities target mosquitos infected with Zika virus has been developed by researchers from the University of Queensland and colleagues in Brazil.

Fleet of autonomous boats could service cities to reduce road traffic
Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and the Senseable City Lab in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning (DUSP), have designed a fleet of autonomous boats that offer high maneuverability and precise control.

Study finds antioxidant-enriched vitamin reduces respiratory illnesses in patients with CF
Researchers at Children's Hospital Colorado and the University of Colorado School of Medicine have found that taking a specially formulated antioxidant-enriched multivitamin may decrease respiratory illnesses in people with cystic fibrosis.

ESF lists top 10 new species for 2018
The large and small, beautiful and bizarre are among the newly discovered animals, plants and microbes announced by the College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) as the Top 10 New Species for 2018.

Understanding light-induced electrical current in atomically thin nanomaterials
Scientists demonstrated that scanning photocurrent microscopy--an imaging capability just added to Brookhaven Lab's Center for Functional Nanomaterials--could provide the optoelectronic information needed to improve the performance of devices for power generation, communications, data storage, and lighting

How many taxis does a city need?
A taxi dispatching approach developed at MIT's Senseable City Lab could cut the number of cars on the road while meeting rider demand.

'These could revolutionize the world'
Carbon nanotubes are supermaterials that can be stronger than steel and more conductive than copper, but they're rare because, until now, they've been incredibly expensive.

Dengue: Investigating antibodies to identify at-risk individuals
Using an original mathematical and statistical analysis method, a team of scientists from the Institut Pasteur partnered with researchers from the United States and Thailand to analyze a Thai cohort in order to help identify individuals at risk of infection.

Machine listening for earthquakes
In a new study in Science Advances, researchers at Columbia University show that machine learning algorithms could pick out different types of earthquakes from three years of earthquake recordings at The Geysers in California, a major geothermal energy field.

Social media usage linked to underage drinking
Penn Medicine researchers found a statistically significant relationship between teen and young adult alcohol related social media engagement and both alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems.

3D printed sugar offers sweet solution for tissue engineering, device manufacturing
University of Illinois engineers built a 3D printer that offers a sweet solution to making detailed structures that commercial 3D printers can't: Rather than a layer-upon-layer solid shell, it produces a delicate network of thin ribbons of hardened isomalt, the type of sugar alcohol used to make throat lozenges.

The Trump Presidency's impact on public perception of the Republican Party
A new Presidential Studies Quarterly article analyzes the effects of the early Trump Presidency on public attitudes toward the Republican Party.

Rehabilitating lactate: From poison to cure
When George Brooks at UC Berkeley first began investigating lactate, or lactic acid, sports physiologists saw it as a muscle poison that lowered performance.

Lightening up dark galaxies
Based on new observational data, an international team led by astronomers at ETH Zurich identified at least six candidates for dark galaxies -- galaxies that have a few (if any) stars in them and are, for that reason, notoriously difficult to detect with current instruments.

Asthma management: Allocating duties
Some examples of the persistence of incompletely resolved issues in asthma management are: 1) misdiagnosis -- with the related complex consequences --, especially in children population and, 2) poor control of the disease.

Making massive leaps in electronics at nano-scale
By chemically attaching nano-particles of the rare earth element, gadolinium, to carbon nanotubes, the researchers have found that the electrical conductivity in the nanotubes can be increased by incorporating the spin properties of the gadolinium which arises from its magnetic nature.

Beyond the limits of conventional electronics: stable organic molecular nanowires
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology created the first thermally stable organic molecular nanowire devices using a single 4.5-nm-long molecule placed inside electroless gold-plated nanogap electrodes.

Birds play the waiting game in tough environmental conditions
If resources are limited and tough to find, reproductive efforts may fail.

Long-term study shows crop rotation decreases greenhouse gas emissions
Many farmers grow corn and soybean in rotation to avoid the continuous corn yield penalty, but now there's another reason to rotate.

Earth's climate to increase by four degrees by 2084
A new study shows the Earth's climate would increase by 4 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels, before the end of 21st century.

Land rising above the sea 2.4 billion years ago changed planet Earth
Chemical signatures in shale, the Earth's most common sedimentary rock, point to a rapid rise of land above the ocean 2.4 billion years ago that possibly triggered dramatic changes in climate and life.

In a break with dogma, myelin boosts neuron growth in spinal cord injuries
In a new paper, published in the May 23 online issue of Science Translational Medicine, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that adult rat myelin actually stimulated axonal outgrowth in rat neural precursor cells (NPCs) and human induced pluripotent (iPSC)-derived neural stem cells (NSCs).

Excess nutrients, coupled with climate change, damage the most highly resilient corals
Experimentalists conducted a simulation of future conditions in the Red Sea caused by global warming and acidification, while simultaneously increasing levels of nutrients such as nitrate and phosphate.

Are you at risk for lung cancer?
This question isn't only for people who've smoked a lot.

Centenarians' end-of-life thoughts: is their social network informed?
People in centenarians' close social networks are often not aware of their thoughts on end-of-life issues, a new Journal of the American Geriatrics Society study reveals.

Early physical therapy linked to reduced healthcare costs and opioid use in low back pain patients
In a Health Services Research analysis of patients with low back pain, when patients saw a physical therapist first, there was lower utilization of high cost medical services as well as lower opioid use.

Surgery involving ultrasound energy found to treat high blood pressure
An operation that targets the nerves connected to the kidney has been found to significantly reduce blood pressure in patients with hypertension, according to a clinical trial led in the UK by Queen Mary University of London and Barts Health NHS Trust.

Social isolation plus heart failure could increase hospitalizations, deaths
Heart failure patients who felt socially isolated were much more likely to die or be hospitalized than more socially connected patients.

Laws allowing denial of services to same-sex couples associated with increase in sexual minority adults reporting mental distress
Laws that allow same-sex couples to be denied services are associated with an increase in sexual minority adults reporting mental distress.

New advances in understanding and treating intellectual disorder
Researchers at Tohoku University in Japan have investigated an intellectual disorder (ATR-X) syndrome to reveal its cause, mechanism and a potential therapeutic strategy to decrease associated cognitive impairment.

Changes to specific MicroRNA involved in development of Lou Gehrig's disease
A new Tel Aviv University study identifies a previously unknown mechanism involved in the development of Lou Gehrig's disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

New portable malaria screening instrument developed
According to the World Health Organization, over 216 million people were infected with malaria in 2016, and 445,000 individuals died from the disease.

Men take shortcuts, while women follow well-known routes
When navigating in a known environment, men prefer to take shortcuts to reach their destination more quickly, while women tend to use routes they know.

Study finds that obesity surgery is associated with a massive fall in risk of melanoma skin cancer
New research presented at the European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26), shows that obesity (bariatric) surgery is associated with a 61 percent fall in the risk of developing malignant melanoma skin cancer, and a 42 percent drop in the risk of skin cancer in general.

Virtual visits for follow-up hypertension care have outcomes similar to office visits
A study conducted among patients at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital found that virtual follow-up visits for patients with hypertension appeared just as effective as in-person office visits in helping maintain blood pressure control.

University of Guelph study uncovers cause of pesticide exposure, Parkinson's link
Previous studies have found an association between two commonly used agrochemicals (paraquat and maneb) and Parkinson's disease.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Mekunu strengthen
Visible satellite imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite revealed that Tropical Cyclone 02A, now renamed Mekunu has continued to consolidate and organize off the coast of Oman in the Arabian Sea.

Military-civilian partnerships aim to help meet military medical readiness needs
A growing partnership between the Military Health System and civilian trauma institutions will create, for the first time, a fully integrated military-civilian trauma system.

Researchers challenge genetic tests for guiding psychiatric treatment
The paper reviewed the scientific basis and effectiveness of pharmacogenetic (Pgen) tests in guiding the choices and doses of psychiatric medications for treating major depressive disorder (MDD) and related psychiatric conditions.

Controlled nano-assembly
DNA, the carrier of genetic information, has become established as a highly useful building material in nanotechnology.

New papers highlight economic benefits of European-Eurasian economic ties
A IIASA-led project looking at economic ties between the European Union (EU) and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) has published three new reports offering recommendations to improve economic cooperation despite ongoing political cool-down.

Perceived socioeconomic status can affect how old we feel
A recent study finds that how older adults perceive their socioeconomic status influences how old they feel and their attitudes toward aging.

Blueprint to beat cancer launched today by World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)
Overweight and obesity increase cancer risk. A new report published today by World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), and presented at the European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, shows that overweight or obesity is a cause of at least 12 cancers, five more than WCRF findings a decade ago.

Improved financial regulation deters misconduct, study finds
Improved regulation has deterred a greater amount of financial misconduct in the UK since the global financial crisis, according to new research published today by the University of East Anglia (UEA).

Predicting relapses in patients with autoimmune vascular disease
Patients with an autoimmune disorder called antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis produce antibodies that damage blood vessels in the body.

Tuberculosis: Pharmacists develop new substance to counteract antimicrobial resistance
Antimicrobial resistance is on the rise worldwide. This is becoming a problem for infectious diseases like tuberculosis as there are only a few active substances available to combat such diseases.

Shining a light on toxic chemicals curbs industrial use
A team of researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology wondered whether federal regulators can persuade companies to abandon toxic chemicals by simply highlighting that information.

Evening use of light-emitting tablets may disrupt healthy sleep
A new Physiological Reports study reveals that evening use of light-emitting tablets can induce delays in desired bedtimes, suppress secretion of melatonin (the hormone that regulates sleep and wakefulness), and impair next-morning alertness.

Effect of new guideline on US adults recommended for high blood pressure treatment
The number of US adults with high blood pressure is estimated to grow by 31 million and the number of adults recommended for antihypertensive treatment would increase by 11 million under the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guideline.

Genetic diversity helps protect against disease
So much for survival of the fittest -- diversity is the key: a team of researchers from the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) has succeeded in demonstrating experimentally that genetic diversity makes populations more resistant to disease.

Fatty liver disease research set to benefit from stem cell advance
Scientists have developed a lab-based system for studying the most common type of liver disease, paving the way for research into new therapies.

Why an upcoming appointment makes us less productive
You've got a full hour until your next meeting. But you probably won't make the most of that time, new research suggests.

ECDC and EMCDDA make the case for active case finding of communicable diseases in prison
What are the most (cost-) effective ways to prevent and control communicable diseases in prison settings?

Early-life obesity impacts children's learning and memory, study suggests
A new study by Brown University epidemiologists found that children on the threshold of obesity or overweight in the first two years of life had lower perceptual reasoning and working memory scores than lean children when tested at ages five and eight.

Complementing conventional antibiotics
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major medical problem worldwide, impacting both human health and economic well-being.

Valves for tiny particles
Newly-developed nanovalves allow the flow of individual nanoparticles in liquids to be controlled in tiny channels.

Determining effective methods of irrigation as water becomes increasingly scarce
US consumers prefer the idea of using fresh water for any watering needs.

Are pain tolerance levels similar among groups of friends?
Are your friends very pain tolerant? Then it is likely that you are as well, provided you are a male.

A first look at the earliest decisions that shape a human embryo
For the first time, scientists have shown that a small cluster of cells in the human embryo dictates the fate of other embryonic cells.

A stimulating approach to the treatment of diabetes
Scientists have discovered that electric stimulation of the brain regulated the metabolism of blood sugar (or glucose) and increased insulin sensitivity in a small patient group.

Study examines bone health in children with leukemia
In a Journal of Bone and Mineral Research study that followed 186 children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) for 6 years after initiation of chemotherapy, approximately 1 in 5 children experienced a non-vertebral fracture and 1 in 3 had a new vertebral fracture.

Can weekend sleep make up for the detriments of sleep deprivation during the week?
In a recent Journal of Sleep Research study, short, but not long, weekend sleep was associated with an increased risk of early death in individuals under 65 years of age.

Floridians could far far more frequent, intense Heatwaves
By the late 21st century, if atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations reach worst-case projections, Floridians could experience summer heatwaves three times more frequently, and each heatwave could last six times longer and be much hotter than at present, according to Meteorology Professor Shawn M.

Hot cars can hit deadly temperatures in as little as one hour
The dashboard of a car parked in the sun on a hot summer day can reach 70°C in about an hour.

The role of race in police contact among homeless youth
A new longitudinal study examined the likelihood of homeless youth of different races being harassed and arrested by police.

You are what your mother eats
In a study published online in Nature Communications, a team of researchers, led by OHSU's Jae W.

Strain directs spin waves
A collaboration research team at the Toyohashi University of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology has revealed the relationship between the strain in a magnetic insulator thin film and spin waves. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to